and it is likely to overflow and fertilize all that region also. And every consideration that ever urged us to engage in this work does so now, and with increased force. For if it was ever worth while to build sanctuaries for feeble churches, it still is; and there never were half so many that needed to be built as are likely to be called for hereafter. We must therefore assume the duty that is laid upon us, and prosecute the work with becoming vigor. The altered condition of the country may require some modification of our plan and mode of working, but the work is essentially the same, and the duty more imperative than ever.

Your Committee on “ Evangelization in the South and West” call attention to such cities and larger towns as Baltimore, and Washington, and Richmond, and Norfolk, and Wilmington, and Cairo, and Memphis, and New Orleans, and regard them as coming within the scope of this enterprise. As centers of population and influence, they very properly represent them as strategic points” in our moral warfare, and recommend that no time be lost in taking possession of them in the name of our Great Captain. The wisdom of this recommendation must commend itself to all. But it is equally apparent, that appropriations to churches at such points, to be of any value, must be very much larger than any that have hitherto been made. Instead of three or five or seven hundred dollars, it will require some thousands to secure the erection of a house of worship in such a position, and this will be doing no more for them than the former sum has accomplished for a Church in some little village. In the mining region, also, where the expense of building is so great, appropriations must be made on an increased scale of liberality to accomplish the desired object. This, however, will require vastly more of funds than we have hitherto raised for any such purpose, and also require some modification of our mode of raising funds, as well as of our scale of expenditure.

We do not regard any new agency as needed to take charge of this work. The Congregational Union, to which it has hitherto been assigned, has labored most assiduously, with the scanty force at its command, to collect funds, and distributed them with wisdom and impartiality. And with our confidence in those who have the charge of this society, and with their experience already acquired in the management of such a charity, we may safely intrust this enterprise with them.

The Committee recommend that all applications for aid in church-building be made to the Congregational Union; and that, having received their indorsement, special agents shall be assigned to particular fields for their collections, after the manner so successfully followed by the “ Society for the Promotion of Collegiate and Theological Education at the West.”

We also recommend that we embrace within our plan of church-building the affording of aid in the erection of church edifices to feeble churches in the cities and large towns of the South and West, and that our appropriations to them be upon a scale commensurate with the importance of their position and the increased cost of affording such aid.

We further recommend, that in order to meet the increased expenditure which such an enlargement of our plan implies, and also in view of the present demand for church-edifices at the West, and the prospective demand for them in the South, the sum of two hundred thousand dollars be raised at once, and that a much larger sum than has hitherto been raised for the purpose be secured annually to carry out the above plan.

In conclusion we would merely add, that if we cannot rear any fit monument to the piety of our fathers, and to God's good providence over them, on Plymouth Rock, let us scatter these sacred and enduring memorials of such faith and grace over the

length and breadth of the land, and thus show our appreciation of such faith, and
gratitude for such grace.

F. B. DOE,


This report was accepted.

It was then voted, That the two reports just read be considered together, their subjects being closely related.

The following telegram from the President of the United States, in answer to the message of the Council, was received and read, viz. :

Washington, June 19. Gov. Wm. A. BUCKINGHAM, Moderator National Council Congregational Churches,


I receive with profound thanks the despatch of your Council. In the arduous and embarrassing duties devolved upon me, I feel the need of the coöperation and sympathy of the people, and of the assistance of the Great Ruler of the universe. These duties I shall endeavor to discharge honestly, and to the best of my judgment, with the conviction that the best interests of civil and religious liberty throughout the world will be preserved and promoted by the success and permanency of our country. Let us all labor to that end, and the mission upon which the people have been sent among the nations of the world will be accomplished.


The half-hour from 11 to 11 1-2, A. M., was spent in devotional exercises.
The reports were discussed.

The committee appointed to report further instructions to the Finance Committee reported as follows, viz. :

Resolved, That the Finance Committee be requested to pay to ministers who have presented statements of the amount of their expenses in attending upon this Council fifty per cent. of the amounts so presented; provided that no person shall receive a sum exceeding $200, and provided also that no one shall be paid any amount toward his expenses who receives an annual salary of $1500.

Resolved, That as soon as the Finance Committee can report to this Council its total expenses, this Committee have permission to make further Report as to the manner of securing the needed sum.

These resolutions were accepted and adopted.
Council adjourned to meet at 3, P. M.


The discussion of the reports on Evangelization at the West and South, and on Church-building, was resumed, and continued by various members of the Council.

It was moved to adjourn until to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock. The motion was lost.

Rev. Dr. Wolcott moved that the order of business be so far modified as to allow the discussion on the question before the Council to be resumed to-morrow, and to omit an evening session, which was carried.


SEVENTH DAY; WEDNESDAY, JUNE 21, 9 A. M. Council was opened with prayer by the first Assistant Moderator, Hon. C. G. Hammond.

The minutes of yesterday's session were read and approved.

On motion of Hon. Linus Child, of Massachusetts, the resolution yesterday adopted appointing a committee of three to proceed to Washington with the resolutions of this Council was reconsidered for the purpose of amendment, and was modified to read as follows:

“ That those resolutions be attested by the signatures of the officers of this Council, and transmitted to the President of the United States by his Excellency the Moderator."

The Business Committee recommended that speakers, as yesterday, be limited to twelve minutes.

The recommendation was accepted; amended by fixing eight minutes as the limit of speakers; and adopted.

The discussion of the reports on " Evangelization at the West and South” and on “ Church-building” was resumed.

The report of the Committee on Church-building was adopted.

The report of the Committee on “Evangelization in the West and South” was divided, read in three sections, and adopted.

Rev. Mr. Seccombe, of Minnesota, moved a reconsideration of the vote requiring final action on the report without further debate. His motion was lost, and the whole report, as amended, was adopted.

A recess of five minutes was voted before devotional exercises.
The half-hour from 11 1-2 to 12 m. was given to devotional exercises.

The report of the committee appointed to respond to Foreign Delegates was read by Rev. Dr. Bacon, as follows:


This Council has been honored with the presence of brethren who have brought us friendly and fraternal greetings from various Christian bodies in foreign countries. Our neighbors beyond the St. Lawrence have sent to us the Rev. Edward Ebbs, the Rev. Henry Wilkes, D. D., the Rev. John Wood, the Rev. E. J. Sherrill, the Rev. A. Duff, the Rev. D. C. French, and Theodore Lyman, Esq., who appear as delegates from the Congregational Union of Canada. Brother W. H. Daniels comes to us from the Congregational Union of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. From the Evangelical Churches of France, a youthful brother, bearing a beloved and honored name, the Rev. Theodore Monod, delegated by the Union of those Churches, has stood among us, and from his eloquent lips we have received a new assurance that the Evangelical Protestantism which in that great country was so long persecuted and oppressed, is yet to be a power in the conquest of the world for Christ. The Congregational Churches of Wales, worshipping God in their own ancient language, and inheriting that primitive British Christianity which is older than the name of England, have been represented by the Rev. John Thomas, C. R. Jones, Esq., and J. Griffith, Esq., deputed for that service by the Glanmorganshire Association. From the Fatherland of our own Pilgrim Fathers, two distinguished ministers, the Rev. Robert Vaughn, D. D., and the Rev. Alexander Raleigh, D. D., commissioned by the Congregational Union of England and Wales, the Rev. S. R. Asbury, commissioned by the North Staffordshire Congregational Union, and another, who needs no letters of recommendation to us, the Rev. Dr. James W. Massey, have come to renew and confirm the alliance which ought ever to be firm and intimate between the Congregationalism of England and the Congregationalism of America. The presence of these brethren in our National Council gives us the opportunity of testifying the Christian fellowship of our Churches with all in every land who are sincerely seeking to advance the kingdom of Christ.

To our brethren in the neighboring British Provinces, we need only respond with grateful recognition of their interest in us and in the work committed to us. Their peculiar work is in some degree coördinate with ours. It is for them, though under many discouragements, to maintain and propagate in their country those religious ideas and organizing forces which our fathers brought with them to New England, and which, whenever they have had free course upon this continent, have made the wilderness rejoice and blossom as the rose. May God give them enlargement and prosperity !

The salutations of the French Evangelical churches remind us of the many points of contact between the history of their country and the history of our own. Here in Boston there was once a congregation of French Protestants, exiled for their religion. The Huguenot migration to New England and to all the English colonies was one of the streams that made up by their confluence the American race and nationality. Names that were once French, and that were brought hither by fugitives from persecution almost two hundred years ago, are borne by thousands of our people, and some of them are illustrious in our history. The relation of France to the achievement of our national independence can never be forgotten by the American people while the memory of Lafayette is blended with the memory of Washington. From the earliest stages of the French Revolution to the present hour, our people, more intently perhaps than any other, have watched the vicissitudes of liberty, and especially of religious liberty, in that country. Our churches have watched with prayer and with praise to God the rekindled life in the dying remnants of French Protestantism, and gladly have they contributed something of substantial aid to a movement so full of hope for Europe and for the world. Yet when the terrible storm of adversity burst upon our country four years ago, and we looked to all parts of the world for sympathy from the wise and the good, we little expected that from a Protestant Frenchman there would come, to invigorate our confidence in God, and to reassure the consciousness of our relation to his work who is making all things new, such a tribute to the grandeur of our cause, and such an appeal to the Christian world in our behalf, as came from the illustrious Count Ajenor de Gasparin. We were in a position which made us know with lively sensibility what was said of us, and what was thought of us, in every country of the civilized world. It gave us no discouragement to find, that everywhere the enemies of liberty, and the upholders of military and priestly despotisms, were in full sympathy with our enemies. But to know, as we knew from the beginning, that the friends of liberty and progress throughout Europe, and especially in France, were our friends, and that they recognized the identity of our cause with theirs, gave added courage to all our loyal people. To know, as we know, that the religious aspects of the conflict, and its relations to the work and kingdom of Christ, were understood and appreciated by the revived Protestant churches of France, and that their prayers were unceasingly offered for us, was to all our churches a fresh inspiration of faith and hope. From our experience of what their words of cheer have been to us in our darkest hours, we would learn, for our own guidance in all future time, how much good the Christian people of one nation may do to the Christian people of another nation, in times of peril and of trial, by speaking to them, and speaking for them, words of Christian sympathy and confidence, in the free, clear tone of Christian manliness.

Our brethren in the principality of Wales assure us by their delegates, that, in the great struggle of our nation for civil and religious liberty, their sympathy with us has been constant and outspoken, and that their prayers have been offered to God for us in the time of our calamity. It would hardly have been strange, if, in the seclusion of their ancestral mountains, they had felt that a conflict on the other side of the globe, though all the world beside should be shaken with the Titanic struggle, was no concern of theirs, and that the military neutrality proclaimed by the government of their country required them to suppress their moral and religious sympathies. But the mountains are ever the home of free and brave hearts; and the ocean over which adventurous Madoc is reputed to have sailed seven hundred years ago, has been crossed in more modern times by thousands of Welshmen who have retained in their homes among us their own language and their communications with their kindred in the land of their fathers. The Welsh settlements in our country are settlements of Congregational Calvinists, and everywhere they have been thoroughly loyal to their country and to liberty. To them in part we owe it that the Congregational churches in Wales have so well understood the merits of our cause, and have so frankly given to us, in our conflict with oppression and with treason, the Cambrian steadfastness of their sympathy, and the Cambrian fervor of their prayers.

In England, too, our country and our churches have had, from the beginning of the great agony, firm and enlightened friends. Perhaps it was a fondness on our part, but, in that love for old England which so many ages of separation had not extinguished, we have cherished the belief that the sovereign lady, whose womanly and queenly virtues have so adorned the throne of her ancestors, has not forgotten with what enthusiasm of hospitality her royal son was received by the American people, and has freely given the homage of her personal sympathy and regard to the grandeur of the sacrifices which God has required of us for our country and for the welfare of mankind. In the highest rank of the British aristocracy, one at least was found (alas that we cannot join the name of Shaftesbury with the name of Argyle !) who at the first perceived and openly declared the necessity that was upon us, as patriots and as men, to defend in arms and at all hazards, not our national inheritance only, but our national life. Among the foremost statesmen in the British House of Commons, such men as Bright and the lamented Cobden, whose names, like that of Hampden in his day, are greater than titles of nobility, among philosophic thinkers in the sphere of political science, such men as Stuart Mill and Goldwin Smith, have been the champions of our cause before their countrymen. But notwithstanding all this, the prevalent opinion of England and of Scotland has been notoriously adverse to our cause. Though we had able defenders among those who control the journalism of Great Britain, the most powerful of the organs that sway and express the public opinion of Great Britain, the most ponderous reviews, the most popular magazines, the most widely circulating and authoritative newspapers, whig and tory, conservative and radical, high Church and infidel, if they could agree in nothing else, were well agreed in their hostility to us and in their sympathy with the rebellion.

This was not what we expected. It struck the hearts of thousands of our countrymen with a pang like that which any man might feel when some friend whom

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