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solutely just and perfect than their op- But on the side of man they were forced posites. We believe their spirit more to restate theology with note-worthy true to that of the gospel and more in changes. The nature of sin or holiness tone with it. Why, then, shall we not in the creature ; imputation; the atoneexpect from minds formed under them ment; the relations of divine and human a juster theology? The world has heard agency; the constitution and administraof the “ New Divinity” from New Eng- tion of churches, - whatever the point, land. It is something remarkable that, we see the effort constantly made to as the Anglo-Saxon mind has framed but place men nearly as possible upon freeone essentially distinctive polity, so it dom and equality. They find the Scriphas conceived but one distinctive the- tures representing men as free to choose ology since the Reformation; and the and to act; sin or holiness is conceived birth-place of the two was the same. to be personal, and ceases to be imputa

Minds constitutionally or by training ble; every man is found to be on trial inclined to aristocratic ideas, expressed for himself, standing or falling to his own in an aristocratic polity, have found Master, and none is condemned for anoththemselves so suited by a theology er's crime ; since all are alike lost by wrought out under the formative influ- their own sin, and God is no respecter of ence of aristocratic institutions, that, in persons, Christ dies for every man, so that the language of John Robinson, “they all alike shall be placed upon a footing of stick fast where they were left by Luther salvability ; in repentance and faith, the and Calvin, those great men of God, free personal will is not overborne, superwho yet saw not all things.” But the seded, or destroyed, but is made concurstrongly free and equalizing spirit of the rent and coacting with the Spirit of God; newly revived polity, starting with the while perdition itself is not from inequaltheology of those instruments of the ities of divine mercy or power, but the Reformation, was necessitated to pursue result, in every instance, of an equally modifications until it secured theological free will suiting itself with evil. Everystatements in harmony with itself. Such where the law suggested is visible. changes of the older theology were a We acknowledge our indebtedness to foregone certainty whenever it should these New England theologians. They come before able men like Edwards, advanced us toward clearness and certrained under the triple spirit, and en- tainty. They deepened our insight of couraged by the principles of this polity, the Scriptures. They widened our horiand protected by the institutions it They have insensibly pervaded creates.

other bodies in the Church with their Examine their “improvements in the- liberating apprehensions of divine truth. ology,” and which one is not an illustra- But let us not forget how much we owe tion of this law ? On the side of God in them to the spirit and principles of his nature or character, the absoluteness that polity which not only formed them or extent of his glorious sovereignty - to such acquisition of the truth, but prothey modify nothing. Calvin is not more tected them in it, as perhaps none other intent upon exalting his excellent great would have done. Let us not forget that ness. For they recognized in him that it thus exhorts us to invigorate freedom one Master before whom they could the of inquiry - large expectancies of an outmore prostrate themselves, and to whom come of still more light. As a body, we they the more ascribed an absolute sov- are under law to no human symbols, that ereignty, because he was their one Master, we should be limited or overawed by and divided reverence with no interme- them. We stand before the world, diate claimants.

pledged by our history and principles to

zon.

encourage devout inquiry, never imagin- equality of the whole brotherhood. By ing ourselves or our fathers to have Pantheism we intend that realistic phitouched the outer rim of truth. We losophy (whether in metaphysics, thehear them invoking us to urge our way ology, or polity; whether in the church, on into the unexplored depths of God's or out of it) which militates against the Word and Spirit, as the astronomer sense of rounded completeness in a perpushes his researches into the depths son, submerging and losing his sense of above. Let us not impair this great personality in the vast unit of some huge inheritance. We revere the “ Confes- developing body. These two mighty sions." But it is the high prerogative of enemies, rising at opposite poles, yet Christ's members, guaranteed by the converge against God's truth and spirit; principles of this biblical polity, to carry both of them discharging the accountappeal beyond all symbols of human able soul from all proper conviction of creating; to refuse to plead at the bar of being an entire unit, standing out alone, Edwards, of Luther, of Calvin, or Augis- as it were, and by itself, before God. tine; to refuse to be judged by his agree- How shall they be met ? By what ment or disagreement with Councils or weakens, or by what strengthens, the Assemblies. As Congregationalists, call- sense of personal and separate individuing no man master, we carry appeal over ality ? Invading error is not daunted by and beyond them all to the Word of God; the brandishing of symbols, and first con“to the law and the testimony." We fesses repulse when it meets the living believe in the right of private judgment. wall of living men wielding the sword “ The Bible, the whole Bible, and nothing of the spirit with a faith not derived but the Bible,” should be the standard from “confessions," “ articles," or "cateof Protestants, of Christians. We will chisms;" from “councils,” “ assemblies,” not be impeded in our progress; we will or the “voice of the church ;” but from not be prevented from receiving or what, as separate souls, conscious of expreaching or walking in any new truth perience, they have felt and known. which “the Lord has yet to break forth Now the system before us seems, beout of his holy Word.” Standing under yond others, favorable to this, throwing a higher noon; surrounded by a clearer, its adherents back upon their personal because freer, air; acted upon by influ- experience, obliging each man to mainences and institutions more sympathetic tain what he has felt and known, because with the gospel itself; why should we he has known and felt it, and is himself think it impossible for us, or our children, a free brother in the Lord, and an equal to go further, in many things, than those in the body. Now what can Pantheism “instruments of the Reformation, who do, on the one hand, with a man trained yet penetrated not into the whole counsel after this fashion, or Romanism on the of God”?

other? Is there another polity whose Thus, too, for defenders of the truth, spirit and principles will raise up so where shall we look, if not to a system many, or so invincible, obstacles before wherein a sense of freedom and equality them ? in obligation to it is most nurtured and A great work remains to be done diffused ?

toward bringing in the theology, experiThe conflict of God's life and truth is

ence, and polity of “the full stature.” being always renewed against Roman- The pervading presence of our triple ism on this hand, and Pantheism on that. idea is a necessity for that. To this end By Romanism we intend that assertion God has injointed this denomination of churchly supremacy which militates among the members. It rests on us to against the full freedom and proper invigorate the progress of the whole

body in the several directions which have fair one, whether we have not been withbeen named. Our principles are seen drawing from the commonest of the peospreading into all communions. We may ple, and claiming the upper classes for justly be full of courage for what remains. our portion ? Has it not been asserted

3. It peculiarly rests on this body to in- by some, and thought by more, that“ our vigorate and enlarge those forms of Christian polity and our affinities are for the cultiwork which especially regard the masses of vated and intelligent — that they are ill the people.

suited to any below the middle classes, The Providence of God is breaking and, therefore, poorly fitted, especially down the barriers not only between na- for Western and Southern populations ?” tions, but also between classes, that men A bitter condemnation and all-sufficient, may flow together. The ideas of democ- were it so. racy — i. e., equality, liberty, and broth- Are we not also unconsciously putting erhood — are germinating everywhere limitation upon our plans and our field underneath aristocracies and thrones in another way? We are revolving very with overturning force. The broad much about such phrases as, “ The polity stream of God's agency in history is of New England," " The New England bearing steadily on toward their realiza- zone," " Descendants of the Pilgrims," tion. The general spirit of religion sends etc., as though our sphere were somehow its adherents forth to save all men. It pent up within such limits. But let us was the glory of our Lord that, while not give up to a section what was meant sending none empty away, he so taught for mankind. The whole world is for and so shaped his efforts as to reach that our ideas. Shall we hide them in a napgreat mass lying below the upper classes. kin? Or shall we make all men par** The common people heard him gladly takers of this grace, wherein we stand ? and thronged him.” The field is the What though God ordained this polity in world. But “the world” is everywhere modern times, to nurse its callow strength common people, poor folk.

high up on that rocky eyrie; shall it Yet, as the eye ranges abroad, it is now, with strengthened pinions. make no these that seem as sheep without a shep- wider circuits? or has it rather been herd. What denomination can be re- maturing its powers for this great hour, garded as contented to work for them when the nation - North and South, and as being of them? It shames us that East and West - is being made ready, we are so eager for the few and so care- as never before, to receive its presence less of the many. It would seem that and principles, and to live by them? the origin and distinctive principles of for this great hour, when their enunciathis polity must pledge its devotion to tion is thirstingly sought by the listenthe common people. This polity is Chris- ing ears of mankind ? — for this great tianity on its democratic side. None hour, when millions of men, black and other so insists on the equality and fra- white, throughout one half of our nation, ternity of men. None so levels prerog- are in perishing need, in order to any ative and utterly repudiates aristocratic right reconstruction of society, of their tendencies. Its origin was not from most vigorous and immediate operation loins enthroned, from prelate or common

there? clergy, but from humble souls amidst the Human nature is none other now than masses, “ enlightened by the word of God, when the common people thronged the and inflamed with heavenly zeal for his preaching of Christ. The great, sorrowtruth.” Such was the rock — “poor peo- ing, guilty heart of the multitudes waits ple of the humbler sort ” — whence it not less for the consolations of God. was hewn. And yet the question is a

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Whatever sacrifices are involved, let us what Christian body does this so press, as plant our polity, its principles and instion one whose polity preëminently argues tutions, its churches and its life, east and the essential equality of men? What west, north and south. Let us concenother has such motives for striking down trate and unify our energies for power to the lowest stratum, and outward to

Concentration is power. the farthest limits? What one, for exam- How unify? Upon what basis? That ple, so empowered by every essential con- of doctrinal symbolism, or dogmatic condition, to lead the way at this hour, and fession ? This were futile. That of to call upon God's people to follow it in ecclesiastical government, lodging legislabor for the enfranchised blacks of our lative, judicial, and executive power in own country and the whites about them, common centre; consolidating the

- deep sunk in degradation together,- churches, and lessening their individual planting churches which shall teach and freedom? No. The free spirit is crushed use these equalizing and fraternizing beneath such weights. How then? This Christian ideas ?

desired unity and concentration must be 4. It peculiarly rests on this body to in- found, not in a common central governvigorate and spread its own polity, princi- ment, not in a common symbol of faith, ples, and institutions,

but on the broad field of Christian acThe whole analysis of the case asserts tivity, in a common system of work, gaththe duty, and the immeasurable value of ering into itself the sympathies, the enfidelity to it. History compels us to ergies, the means, the spiritual fervors, believe that the well-being, not of God's and carried on under the combined and people only, but of the world, depends properly represented counsels and wisdom

We cannot expect other poli- of the whole denomination. A unifying ties to undertake our distinctive minis- and concentration of the body by such tration. Each member hath its own means, it is hardly necessary to add, office. Nor are we ready to decline for would impart to it a most gratifying ourselves the work committed to us. Its inward strength, and augment incalcuspirit is in our hearts. And yet it has lably the majesty and power of its exterbeen asked, sometimes in sneer, some- nal movements. times in sorrow, and sometimes in mere With humble faith we may take up scepticism, “whether we are to believe our work. God will be with us as he in a denominational mission as belonging was with our fathers. We will spread to this polity and its adherents ? whether what they have transmitted. History it must be understood that anything of advances toward fulfilment. Liberty, self-propagation is laid upon it of God?” equality, and fraternity — these are the We cannot refuse the duty if we would. words written on the swift-coming future. So manifestly enjoined upon us by the The polity that inscribes them on its word and spirit of God, by the neces- standards, the denomination that bears sities of the church and the world, them in its heart and makes them omnispecially in our own country, its neg- present, will be hailed with grateful glect would be crime. If we have been joy by a disinthralled and regenerated ignorant of it, let the time past suffice. world.

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7,481 18

Baltimore,

68 27 95 131 18,889 2,382 21,271 $14,535 08 $174 00 $5 00 Black River,

169 40

209
174 20,014 2,496 22,510 6,759 68

438 92 433 87 California, 90 11 101 100 3,912 538 4,450

2,388 75 142 30 51 00 Central German,

611 11 72 92 7,977 983 8,860 8,209 80 228 44 392 31 Central Illinois, 137 9 146 236 16,985 1,288 18,273 7,580 12 254 32 149 73 Central Ohio,

95 19 114 152 14,726 1,327 16,053 10,573 43 166 42 206 58 Cincinnati,

144 15 159 205 25,955 2,156 28,111 22,439 45 328 23 226 02 Colorado,

6

6 15 225 32 287 23 84 Delaware,

21 21 39 4,871 93 4,964 Des Moines, 60 67 126 7,293 1,011 8,304 2,340 35

46 34 30 65 Detroit, 137 13 150 205 14,518 1,245 15,763

152 50 108 35 East Baltimore,

208 28 236 170 31,761 3,836 35,597 14,026 83 235 83 139 32 East Genesee, 162 31 193 140 20,326 2,278 22,604 8,350 01

258 71 158 96 East Maine,

72 23 95 79 9,040 1,939' 10,979 1,485 20 208 40 153 96 Erie,

196 29 221 290 25,893 2,376 28,269 15,828 22 551 49 563 97 Genesee,

112 14 126 83 7,716 599 8,315 4,878 91 386 29 117 67 German Mission,

31

31 20 2,852 1,280 4,132 401 42 2 43 121 83 Illinois, 137 23 160 383 25,192 2,384 27,576

14,661 14

310 20 281 50 Indiana,

103 17 120 217 21,909 1,987 23,896 10,402 91 196 45 217 47 Iowa,

92

96 196 14,716 1,317 16,033 4,776 16 89 65 78 55 Kansas,

66 5 71 112 4,766 1,218 5,984 1,612 03 51 80 62 05 Kentucky,

23
1
24 26 2,484

193 2,677 754 70 Liberia Mission,

18 3 21 42 1,350 102 1,452 Maine, 98 27 125 87/ 10,426 1,573 11,999

4,141 70 202 23 292 83 Michigan, 126 14 140 202 13,349 1,531 14,880

6,800 30 225 93 55 98 Minnesota, 69 13 82 92 5,536 930 6,166

2,230 62 71 85 61 15 Missouri & Ark., 49 8 57 130 6,662 1,035 7,697

1,038 60

19 20 12 45 Nebraska, 17 17 16 1,287 190 1,477 555 65 3 20

7 90 Newark,

127 20

147

103 20,430 2,312 22,742 13,053 33 734 68 793 44 New England,

157 37 194 95 17,585 1,727 19,312 15,115 72 359 13 400 75 New Hampshire, 95 32 127 104 9,487 1,738, 11,225 4,224 83

239 28 192 07 New Jersey,

132 17 149

158 22,480 3,429 25,909 12,886 77 577 94 684 20 New York,

235 45 270 186 33,539 4,043 37,582 29,385 43 894 53 834 20 New York, East,

150 42 192 203 27,348 2,977 30,325 29,566 39 751 28 1,134 07 North Indiana,

117 18 135 261 20,834 4,827 25,611 11,143 03 211 72 191 93 North Ohio, .

96 14 110

141 13,669 813 14,482 10,906 28 219 89 207 62 N. W.German, . 63 1 61 4,403 1,091 5,494 3,651 26

115 97 143 99 N. W. Indiana, : 99 19 118 153 15,167 1,505 16,672

8,125 02

154 74 135 45 N. W. Wisconsin, 27 6 33 32 2,227 381 2,608

418 90

55 88 36 25 Ohio, . 85 17 102 238 27,330 2,242 29,572 15,565 98 352 82

1,444 07 Oneida,

150 40 190
128 17,731 1,995 19,726

8,516 04

335 77

360 82 Oregon,

39 9 48 60 2,449 458 2,907 1,349 25 16 00 52 15 Philadelphia, 212 26 268 386 52,893 6,605 59,498 50,168 76 1,069 80 3,316 66 Pittsburg, 209 23 232 248 36,207 4,584 40,791

23,390 18

594 84 272 85 Providence,

123 18 141 83 14,117 1,699 15,816 11,920 27 502 34 319 52 Rock River, 129 31 160 230 16,772 1,137 18,209

16,187 12 712 63 480 94 S. E. Indiana,

77 16 93 131 15,733 973 16,706 8,082 65 142 02 188 42 Southern Illinois, 95 16 111 319 16,600 2,811 19,411 6,762 77 202 05 189 85 S. W. German, 71 6 77 89 5,308 776 6,081

4,601 90

144 45 221 05 Troy,. 163 40 203 126 23,039 2,864 25,903

9,898 53

465 51 671 65 Upper Iowa, 98 12 110 163 11,053 1,362 12,415

5,327 24 285 22 259 71 Vermont, 123 21 144 81 11,502 1,611 13,113

5,681 42 217 62

295 78 Washington,

21 21 43 7,877 317 8,194 43 25 West Virginia,

73 13 86 158 12,866 2,183 15,049 3,353 39 74 68 39 77 West Wisconsin, 61 10 74 140 6,600 614 7,214

2,811 57 192 22 76 28 Wisconsin, 120 17 137 162 9,547 1,244 10,791 6,122 25

254 61 243 21 Wyoming, 99 11 113 149 14,016 2,014, 16,030 4,785 20

235 16

231 97 Total,

5,856 965 6,821 8,205 829,379 98,941 928,320 $ 197,620 76 $14,860 91 $17,347 77

5,885 903,6,788 8,156 822,845 100,519 923,391 $391,073 02 $11,633 90 $12,534 46 Increase, 62 33 49 6,534

4,926 $106,547 74 $3,227 01 $4,813 31 Decrease, 29

1,608
* Last year's statistics. None received this year.

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Last year,

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