benevolent contributions, except that half-past ten A. M. and half past one raised at communions, and dispense the P. M. the remainder of the year. same as directed, and make report at the 17. This Church shall appoint deleannual meeting, the report having been gates to the conference of churches in examined and approved by an auditor, the vicinity. also chosen annually.

18. It is considered the solemn duty 11. A standing committee of five, who of members of this Church, in all ordishall have the general superintendence nary circumstances, to attend with conof the singing, Sabbath School, home stancy all the regular meetings of this evangelization, and also coöperate with Church, both for public and social worthe pastor in promoting the order, disci- ship and also for business; to contribute pline, and general welfare of the Church, their proper proportion towards the supand report their doings, in writing, at port of the Gospel, and also, as the Lord the annual meeting. All reports to be shall prosper them, to different charitable kept on file by the clerk.

and benevolent objects. 12. The Sabbath School, with Bible 19. This Church disapproves the use, classes for adults, shall be continued or sale, of intoxicating liquors as a bevthrough the year, to be organized near erage, and regards slaveholding, or its the first of May, annually, each session approval, as sins which they cannot being not less than thirty minutes, from fellowship. October to May, and forty minutes from 20. These rules may be altered, or May to October, to be under the gen- new ones adopted, at any regular meeteral superintendence of the pastor and ing for business, by a majority of the standing committee, aided by a special members present, provided said alterasuperintendent, librarian, and teachers. tion has been submitted in writing at a

13. The monthly concert of prayer for previous regular meeting. missions shall be observed on the first Sabbath evening in each month, and

PART VI. HOME EVANGELIZATION. a collection be taken up from the congregation at the close of divine service Believing that many professing Chrison such Sabbaths, to promote such mis- tians, and even churches, are dying from sionary or benevolent objects as shall be inactivity and moral dyspepsia, and that approved.

a wide fie

of important Christian effort 14. The concert of prayer for Sabbath is lying at every man's door, sadly negSchools shall be observed on the second lected, creating cause for increasing Sabbath in each month, when a collection alarm to every true patriot as well as may be taken up for the cause.

Christian, as seen in the growing neglect 15. The Church also recommends a

of public worship, of spiritual religion, general conference and prayer meeting, and even a common morality, therefore on the remaining Sabbath evenings in we propose and adopt, as a partial each month, and also on every Wednes- remedy, the following day evening, which all are invited to attend. They also recommend a ma- PLAN OF HOME EVANGELIZATION. ternal association and female prayer meetings.

1. Statement of its two-fold object. 16. The Church also recommends that (1) External :--- to secure as far as posthe services of public worship in the sible, by kind, persuasive, persevering sanctuary be commenced fifteen minutes Christian effort, the presence of every to eleven A. M. and at one P. M. from family, and every soul, of suitable age the annual Thanksgiving to Fast, and at and health, with constancy, in the sanctuary, the Sabbath School, and weekly 11. How many families maintain family prayer meeting. (2) Internal:-- to se- worship? cure by such efforts, with the divine 12. How many non-professors indulblessing, as many as possible intelligent, ging a Christian hope ? warm-hearted, consistent Christians. 13. What other items of interest; as

2. Means more specific of securing the cases of sickness, death, or other afflicabove objects.

tion, state of temperance - profaneness (1). Divide the parish into suitable Sabbath breaking, war

items in districts, defining the limits of each, and families, etc., etc. ? appointing a superintendent in each, as (3). Let the weekly prayer meeting, one of the standing committee.

the last in each month, or quarter, be (2). Each superintendent to appoint devoted especially to reports on Home visitors and teachers to aid him in the Evangelization, with prayer and conferfollowing subordinate means; as ence on the subject, each superintendent

(a). To establish, where advisable, a reporting to the pastor, at least quarterly, district Sabbath School and prayer meeting, that he may be as perfectly informed as inviting the pastor for an occasional lec- possible as to the condition and wants ture. This prayer meeting may alternate of his whole field. in several districts, if advisable.

The location, size, and condition of (b). Christian family visitation monthly. each field will suggest various modificaLet the district be subdivided and as- tions, as also a few years, or even months, signed to the visitors and teachers, who of experience. Much will depend on the with the superintendent shall visit every materials at hand, more on the skill by family monthly, conversing and praying which they are directed, but most of all with each, if circumstances permit, invit- on the coöperation of the divine Spirit ing the negligent kindly to the sanctuary and blessing. Keep the hands of laborand Sabbath School and prayer meeting, ers full of tracts, children's papers, cards, district or central, distributing tracts, etc., and their hearts full of love for papers, good books, and learning the souls, going forth weeping, as they wisely condition and wants of all.

sow the precious seed, and surely they (c). Collect statistics on the following “ shall come again rejoicing, bringing items, more or less fully.

their sheaves with them." 1. How many dwelling houses in your district ?

Part VII. HINTS FOR SELF2. How many families ?

COMMUNION. 3. How many persons ? Males ? Females?

1. Do I feel the solemnity of my cove4. Children between five and twenty nant obligations? Is my life consistent years of age ? Under five ?

with these solemn vows ? 5. Families neglecting (causelessly) 2. Do I remember that I am not my public worship?

own ? that I have been purchased with 6. Families attending public worship precious blood ? that I have also freely elsewhere?

given up myself to Christ ? 7. Children between five and twenty 3. Do I daily pray in secret and in the years of age in no Sabbath School ?

family, and prayerfully read God's word? 8. Persons induced to attend public and do I enjoy these privileges ? or are worship? Sabbath School ?

they a burden and task, and often 9. How many professors of religion ? neglected ? Of what denominations ?

4. Am I living in any known sin, or 10. Religious publications taken ? the neglect of any known duty ?

5. Do I make daily efforts, relying 6 Search me, O God, and know my on God, to overcome all sin, and heart, try me and know my thoughts, grow in every grace? Is my standard and see if there be any wicked way

in true perfection, or ordinary Christian me, and lead me in the way everlasting.” conduct?

(Ps. cxxxix: 23, 24.) 6. Am I sacredly honest in all business transactions ? punctual in time ? prompt Were I to suggest the form of a catain performing all promises ?

logue of membership for the records, (a 7. Do I speak the truth, in all things, more full account being kept in the in the fear of God? Am I a conscientious journal), I would arrange as follows: Christian ?

8. Do I remember the Sabbath day to PART VIII. CATALOGUE OF keep it holy? Do I prepare for the Sab

MEMBERSHIP. bath as I ought, and refrain from all unnecessary work, not doing my own 1. Pastors.- Name - when and where pleasure ?


when ordained or installed 9. Do I attend constantly on the ser

when dismissed or died — age. vices of the sanctuary? Am I always 2. Deacons. — Name — when chosen at the Church and prayer meetings, pre- — when resigned or died

age. pared to enjoy them and share my part ? 3. Private Members. — (1). Date of

10. Have I inordinate appetites or admission. (2). Name in full. (3). Depassions, not governed, but governing scription, as wife, (w); son, (s); or daughme, at times ?

ter, (d), of - (4). Date of removal. 11. Am I growing more or less like (5.) Manner of removal, as by letter of Christ, becoming more or less spiritual dismission, death, excommunication. (6). and faithful as his disciple ?

Age, when removed by death. 12. Am I faithful in watching over This last item becomes instructive and and praying for my brethren and others ? often honorable to our Christianity, as Is brotherly love perfect ?

illustrated by the following example. 13. What is the influence of my exam- Twenty-eight Church members, the maple on my brethren?

on the world ? jority of a Church, withdrew some years Am I an honor, or reproach, to the since from the old sanctuary, where a lax Church ?

theology had gained the ascendency. 14. Am I a living, laborious member The average age of seventeen, at death, or a dead weight in the Church ? Am I (being all known to the writer,) was alive to its honor and prosperity ? seventy-nine years nearly ; only two

15. Do I bear my proportion in main- having died under seventy, while one taining religious worship, and in sending still survives at ninety-five, and others the gospel to the needy ? and do I do it up to the average, or above, thus fulfilall cheerfully, as God's steward ? ling and enjoying the promises: “The

16. Do I consider the shortness and fear of the Lord prolongeth days." uncertainty of life? How soon all will (Prov. x: 27.) “ Thou shalt come to be over here — doing good and preparing thy grave in a full age, like as a shock for eternity! How solemn an event to of corn cometh in his season." (Job v: die!

26.) See also Prov. iii: 2, 16.




THERE are many denominational mem- conclusions? An hour like this summons bers in the body of Christ, and all have every corporate embodiment of great not the same office.

principles to recognize its place, and It is the same Spirit that enriches power, and work. them, but there are varieties of gifts. It will be understood we are not now It is the same Lord over them, but there to speak of those duties which this body are differences of government. The same shares equally with others of the ChrisGod worketh all in all, but there are tian faith, but of those which are rather diversities of operations in their ways of peculiar to itself, as they may be disadvancing his kingdom.

covered by its antecedents, its distinctive Human nature, in the single individual principles, and its position. or single denomination, is not broad Of the radically differing polities, the enough to receive and employ with ful- Congregational was perhaps the latest ness, the entire mass of principles in the fruit of the great Reformation. Was it kingdom of God. The well-being of the not the ripest ? Let not this tardiness whole is to result from the fidelity of the of its reäppearance be taken in prejudice, parts. Then shall his whole Church be but in proof of its superior worth. The found making highest increase unto the chief apostle was last called, and as edifying of itself, when every injointed one born out of due time.” The Paumember supplieth in love its own dis- line Theology was forced to make its tinctive ministrations. The noble dignity way in the Church against earlier and of the true Church appears, when, ceas- less perfect conceptions of truth. Estabing to look for it in any one denomina- lished polities of various sort already tion, we come to behold all denomina- covered Protestant Europe, when the tions in it, - each one able adequately “Separatists” modified afterwards into to grasp but one or two from its mass Independents,” themselves still later, of principles; able so to body forth but and on American soil, into “ Congregaone or two elements of its mighty spirit; tionalists,” first appeared in England. able to undertake with completeness no What reason had they to give for breakmore than one or two functions of its ing off from pre-existing bodies, and entire office.

bringing another denomination into the With thoughts like these we propose Protestant family? History furnishes inquiry into the distinctive office allotted to interesting answer. The Reformation the Congregational denomination in the back from Papal results to the primitive Christian body. We approach this topic way, in polity as in doctrine, required at a most interesting moment. The successive steps for its complete accomnation is in a furnace, from which, with plishment. The distance was too great new elements or old elements in greatly for a single stride. Taking England for altered proportions, the molten mass is example, the first steps resulted in the shortly to be poured into new moulds, Anglican body; the second in the Nonto stiffen for the coming century. When, conformist; the third, in the Indepenindeed, the world over, have all agencies, dents. The rulers in Church and State human or divine, so crowded toward first enfranchised themselves from the


Pope. The common clergy then sought therefore, whose hearts the Lord had to enfranchise themselves from prelate and touched with heavenly zeal for his truth, king. Lastly the people sought to en- resolved, whatever it might cost, to shake franchise themselves from the usurped off the anti-christian bondage, and, as the claims of the common clergy as well. Lord's free people, to join themselves by King and bishop stood for crown and a covenant into a Church estate in the Church against Rome. Non-conforming gospel. Renouncing all obedience (in Puritan stood for “parity of the clergy” things spiritual] to human authority, against bishops. But Independents stood they asserted for themselves ” —"poor against all for the parity of the whole people ” — “ an unlimited and neverbody. This polity thus reäppears, not ending right to make advances in truth, as the gradual formation of prelatical and to walk in all ways which God had power like the Romish; not as deter- made known or should make known to mined on by royal passion and shaped them.” by royal will, like the Anglican; not as

John Robinson was the second pastor the creation of an ecclesiastical legislator of this body of the Lord's free people.” in his cabinet, unconsciously conforming Naturally enough, they found little his scheme of Church government to a sympathy from prevailing politics, precivil aristocracy around him, like the latic or presbyterial. Those in power Genevese Presbyterian ; but amidst and sought this young child's life. Warned of the common people, without intention of God, it fled by night to Holland. or forethought on their part, as some- “ The Independents were now nearly thing to which they have been shut up exterminated from England.” What by their inward necessities, and brought Puritans remained were mostly for a by the Spirit of God, as that reaction, modified Episcopacy, or a decided Preslast and final in the series (and the only byterianism. one of popular origin and purpose), The original body of Independents — against all the despotic and aristocratic seed-corn of the denomination — thus elements in the mediæval hierarchies. expelled, are described as “plebeian,” as This is the only radically distinctive pol- carrying their principles among the ity ever drawn by Anglo-Saxon mind common people," as “neither gentry nor from God's word, and it was the creation beggars, but a poor people, bred to the of that mind amongst the masses. Out homely pursuits of husbandry." Their of the Scripture it rose before the pray- general knowledge and their pecuniary ing souls of the common people in Christ's means were scanty. In the new world body. It rose to satisfy that sense they would require more arts than that of freedom, equality, and brotherhood of simple farming. God brought them engendered in them of God.

to Holland; that hive of multifarious The record runs, that “toward the labor apprenticed them for eleven years close of Queen Elizabeth's reign" — that to different mechanic arts, and shut them initial point in modern liberty — “a poor down by hard poverty to be “very dilipeople in the north of England, enlight- gent and painful in their callings, wherein, ened by the word of God, being pres- at length, they attained comfortable ently scorned by the profane, and their conditions." ministers urged with the yoke of sub- But Holland was not to be their rest. scription, were led to see further; to So soon as husbandry has thus been supdiscern that beggarly ceremonies were plemented with skilled labor in mechanics monuments of idolatry, and that the and a little capital, the Independent body lordly power of the prelates ought not is taken up, borne across the seas, and to be submitted to. Many of them, planted at Plymouth. It was to come to

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