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In the years of his secretaryship of an old man. He evidently did not the Maine Missionary Society, he perhaps like the epithet overmuch, even when sometimes felt that he had journeying to changed into Father Tappan, or the do in excess. But, generally speaking, venerable Dr. Tappan. He was he travelled with a peculiar zest. He of the few," says Professor Shepard, was diligent in his attendance upon pub- “ whom, though he stood before you in lic occasions, because he loved to be all the physical marks of age, you could present. They kept his mind fresh, and
not in your thought make an old man.” his heart warm. He loved to gather up He grew young as he grew old; grew the intelligence they furnished in respect in the power of a kindly and sympathetic to the fortunes of the Saviour's kingdom. adapting of himself to all classes and He loved to see his brethren, and con- companies. “Young men, young minisverse with them. Of course, he loved ters, took his hand, not as of a father, also to aid all he could in every good but a brother. There was a mellowing word and work. But he greatly enjoyed and freshening of spirit and character." changing the scene from time to time, He could be almost a child with children. seeing men and things, going to the larger In the good and noble sense, he was cities, looking up old friends, hearing now becoming more and more a child. and then some Everett or Webster in a But these journeyings, and all these great speech, and sowing spiritual seed multiplied activities, were at length to beside all waters. He always came back cease. An accident which occurred during with a mind enriched, a heart enlarged; an afternoon drive to Hallowell, in Sepand out of the treasure-house of his re- tember, 1862, impaired his vital powers tentive memory, in which he had stored beyond recovery, although he seemed, up things to profit others, he would bring after a time, to rally from the effects of a great variety of interesting matter. He it, and accomplished, perhaps, the usual got through life without going to Europe. amount of official and unofficial work the He never needed to go on account of following winter, spring, and summer. his health. It is not known that he ever He attended the annual meeting of the felt any special desire to go. The long- Maine Miss. Soc., at Biddeford, in June, est journey that he ever took was to and read his report; the Anniversary of some of the remoter Western States, in the Bangor Seminary in July; Com1856, partly as a delegate to ecclesiasti- mencement at Bowdoin, in August; the cal bodies in that quarter.
meeting of the American Board, at Rock
ester, N. Y., in October But he was seri“He who largely rendered was not slow to seek hospitality in his journeyings. I iously enfeebled before he went to this think,” says Mr. McKenzie, “he would last, and still more so when he came home. hardly have been happy in staying at a He kept at work, however; among other public house in a town where he had been things attending the meetings of some before. It would have seemed to him to be
County Conferences, and participating doing violence to Christian hospitality.”
in the administration of the Lord's SupHe never would stop at a tavern if he per, the first sabbath in November, to could help it. He wanted to be with the church of which he had so long been Christian friends, in a Christian dwell- the pastor. ing, and confided in their readiness to But labor was becoming at length a receive him. Prof. Shepard says, “ He burden. His missionary letters, even, could be at home in the humblest.” it was hard for him to write. Appetite
It is doubtful if he could ever, until and strength were failing. Short walks the weakness and weariness of his very exhausted him. From December fifth last days came over him, make himself he was confined to his room; and though sitting up a part of every day until the of it, as always, the words with which, nineteenth, and attending to the business in plaintive and feeble tones, he began, of his secretaryship with the help of an were, “God be merciful to me, a sinner.” amanuensis, he was evidently growing The last Sunday night of his life, he said weaker and weaker. His mind was clear, there were many things he would like to his memory unfaltering; but it evidently say. Being asked, “Is there anything cost him an effort to think and to speak; specially upon your mind ?” he replied, and for the first time in his life he ex- “I wish to bear my testimony to the truth, cused himself from friends who desired the glorious gospel of the blessed God, to see him.
which I have preached !” “You hope In the earlier stages of this weakness this gospel has been the wisdom and he perceived, in some measure, what power of God to the salvation of your was taking place, and spoke of his im- soul ?” “ Yes!” On the following mornpressions. As the process went on, the ing, during an hour of full consciousness, conviction
within him that he and of affectionate conversation with his should not recover. And now he was family, there was a sort of transfiguration “ in a strait betwixt two,” but rather of his benignant face, that they can never preferred to live and work, if such were forget. “It was as if the door of heaven the will of Him whose he was, and whom opened a little then, and a ray of glory he served. He said so to his children stole out, and, some hours before the one evening a week before his death, time, fell on that pale, worn face, so commenting at some length upon Paul's exceeding bright was it.” Words that words, and expressing the belief that the he spoke, also, seemed to indicate that apostle desired, on the whole, to “re- Christ was near. main,” and not depart. At another time, “ Is Jesus near to you, papa ?” “Yes, speaking of the uncertainties of his case,
Jesus can make a dying he said that he was calm in view of them, bed ... God is good ... God has been
sure that God would do right; not very good to me ... What a precious however, entirely without misgivings as Saviour !” “You are going to heaven, to his preparation to stand in his pres- to be with mother and Catharine; and ence, he saw so much short-coming in we all hope to come to you. — Your his life. To the remark, that, if he had grandchildren love you very much." "I fulfilled all righteousness, he would have love them very much, and hope they no need of Christ, he replied, that that will give their hearts to the Saviour, and was true, and there was certainly no come to heaven; and I think they will," other foundation for him but Christ. with great emphasis. “ You are almost He desired to cast everything else away, home. In my Father's house are many and rest solely on that foundation. Its mansions." A beautiful smile lighted sufficiency, he said, he felt assured of; up his face. his only doubt was whether he had built He died on Tuesday, December 22d. upon it. He had many hymns sung to He was buried on Christmas-day, the him: “ There is a fountain filled with 25th. " This wise man," also, as was blood,” “Not all the blood of beasts," said at his funeral, having “bowed at the etc., etc. Once he specially desired the babe's cradle with his gold, and frank. penitential psalm sung, "Show pity, incense, and myrrh.” Lord; O Lord, forgive.” This seemed rather to express his prevailing state of
“There has been no such funeral in Aumind. Once when food was brought to gusta. As the procession moved from his
residence to the great meeting-house, filled him, and he spread forth his hands and
with citizens, and from the meeting-house, invoked God's blessing before partaking in which his voice had been heard with cer
tain sound for half a century, to the grave, to say, that in our associations he would crit. the waiting bells in all the steeples broke icise a performance more ably and fairly, the solemn silence, giving measured and asleep than any other member of it could mournful utterance to the respect and grief awake. Such a mind, united with such a of a bereaved city.”
heart, could not make him other than the
noblest and best of men. In labors he was He sleeps in the cemetery at Augusta, more abundant than almost any man I ever by the side of her whom he loved so knew, at home and abroad, in season and out well; and his daughter, mother, brothers, of season. And where is the village or city,
in the broad State of his adoption, where his sister, near.
works of faith and labors of love do not “ It almost seems to me that Maine is buried
remain to testify to his fidelity and love? in his grave. He was so associated in my
And while Maine stands, their influence and mind with all its highest interests and with
sweet savor will continue. its religious, which is its only true life, that I cannot realize that it survives his departure. 6 Rev. Eli Thurston, Fall River. The more I knew, the more I honored and
NOTE. What is said on page 140, concerning loved him. When I went to the Kennebec,
the grounds on which it was agreed to proceed to twenty-six years ago, a stranger in a strange the ordination, was written with some impresland, he was a father to me; and yet of such sions since proved incorrect. The Church at a youthful, genial, and sunny spirit, that he Augusta took explicit action against the views of was no less an associate and brother. I never the pastor elect; voting unanimously that the can cease to remember with gratitude and call
, on their part, was grounded on the expectapleasure his kind interest and counsels. If I
tion that he would administer the Christian ordi
nances in the old way; that this was the way had been his own son, he could not have been
that ought to be followed; and that they could more tender, thoughtful, and true. And how
acknowledge no right of pastoral negative upon many ministers once young, and yet young, their decisions,- this last being one of the points can bear the same testimony to his kindness that had been discussed in the conference. Still, and worth! Indeed, it was his nature to do for some reason, the proceedings with reference good and be good to all men. I have often to the ordination were not arrested. There is an said, and said because I believed, that he was unwritten history in the case, which cannot now, the most unselfish and truly disinterested perhaps, after the death of one of the parties, and man it was ever my fortune to meet. And
almost all the persons who constituted the other then he was so wise, too, in all his methods of - quite all the Church — be fully ascertained. To
all appearance, the parties were content to assume doing good, -wise in the worldly sense, and
the relations of pastor and people, and brave, wiser in the spiritual. What resources of
on both sides, whatever risks were connected human and divine knowledge! how familiar with an unreconciled difference of opinion and with all subjects, books and men! I used often principle.
WORDSWORTH ON WICKLIFFE.
As thou these ashes, little Brook, wilt bear
AN INSUFFICIENT AND DEFECTIVE MINISTRY.
BY REV. M. K. CROSS, TIPTON, IOWA.
One of the most eminent and honored with them. Yet God has sometimes put servants of Christ, lately gone to his rest, great honor upon small talents, when mournfully regretted, near the close of they have been wholly given to the work. his life, his incomplete fulfilment of the “If there be anything on earth which is duties of the pastorate. One of the fore- truly admirable,” says Dr. Arnold, “ it is most of our living preachers, on a care- to see God's wisdom blessing an inferiful review of his ministry, confessed to ority of natural powers when they have have been consciously insufficient and been honestly and zealously cultivated.” defective; and adds, that this conscious- And we know who hath said, “ Not many ness was a greater trial to him than all wise men after the flesh, not many the accusations of those who thought they mighty, not many noble ; but God hath saw in his writings serious errors, and chosen the foolish things of the world speculations of a dangerous tendency. to confound the wise, and God hath
If a pastorate so conspicuously faith- chosen the weak things of the world to ful as that of John Angell James was confound the things which are mighty ; painfully incomplete in his own estima- and base things of the world, and things tion; if a ministry, which yielded such which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, golden fruit as the “ Sermons for the and things which are not, to bring to New Life,” was, in the author's esteem, nought things that are; that no flesh “consciously insufficient and defective;" should glory in his presence. it would seem to be a pertinent inquiry, Three chief causes of incompleteness whether or not all our ministries are not in ministerial character and work may very imperfect, and whether we ought be named. not to be more deeply conscious of it 1. Want of health. than we are.
Let the intellectual character and Judged by the true standard, — the accomplishments be of the highest order, ministry of Jesus and his apostles, – and the sincerity of aim and of consethere are but few, if any, complete min. cration be without defect; if the body isterial examples. There is often great be unsound, especially if it be the seat insufficiency in this regard, of which the of nervous and gastric disorders, the agent is not conscious. It is a great thing, soul will be fettered and among lions. therefore, and the first step towards
will flag or be divided, and amendment, to be truly conscious of our its work will not be perfect. There are defections. This we may attain by diseases which seem to help clearness of deliberate and prayerful comparison of intellect, and at least not to hinder spirour ministry with that of Paul, of Bax- itual aspirations. The almost incredible ter, Doddridge, McCheyne, and others, labors of Calvin, Baxter, and others who who have been eminently wise to win were in frail health, show this. But how souls. Not that every one who has been many more are fettered and dragged less successful than they has been ne- down all their days with an oppressive cessarily an unfaithful steward. Other load which no advantages of talent or talents and qualities besides fidelity con- culture can possibly surmount ! spired to give them success; talents bestowed upon few in equal measure 11 Cor. i. 26-29.
Good physical training becomes, there- Herein the method of studying thefore, a positive demand of the ministry. ology with regular pastors has an And we may properly expect in due undoubted advantage over the theologitime, as the fruit of the increased atten- cal seminaries; for while the latter afford tion now paid to this branch of educa- little opportunity for practical illustration, a race of ministers that shall pos- tion and experiment, the former is rich sess, with far greater intellectual culture, in opportunities of this kind. The mind at least equal muscular vigor with those and heart of a devoted young man who in former days managed their farms demand, as a condition of health and during the week, and their spiritual fields expansion, some active labor along with on the sabbath.
his protracted course of study. We 2. Want of thorough intellectual and well remember how certain young men practical training.
at Andover were wont, of their own In the word training, we include fur- promptings, to go out into neighborniture as well as discipline. One needs, hoods about the seminary, and get up to an effective ministry not only logical meetings and sabbath schools in which development, but large material with to exercise their spiritual gifts. We which, and, upon which, to exercise his rejoice that our own beloved theological powers.
seminary at Chicago has adopted the Not many have all this. Some have plan of blending the practical and experimore discipline than knowledge, others mental with the theoretical in the process more knowledge than discipline. Few of training for the ministry. Let it be are well and evenly balanced.
faithfully carried out, and one prominent But, where there is balance between source of insufficiency in the ministry the furniture and discipline of the intel- will be removed. lect, there may be, there often is, a seri- 3. Want of hearty consecration to the ous want of practical wisdom. Theolog- work of the ministry. ical students in many of our seminaries
This is doubtless the chief cause of are expected to apply their lessons, when failure in the ministerial office. If the the time comes for active labor, without heart be right, and replenished daily from any previous experiment. Most unrea- the fountain-head, it will either find or sonably expected; for in what other make a way to accomplish its desire. department of life is such a course pur- No light impediment will be suffered to sued ? The teacher is required, by the stand between it and the object of its best modern methods, to practise as well love. Paul had “ a thorn in the flesh," as learn; to develop and strengthen him
a real and serious obstruction to his perself by direct efforts in the line of his fect freedom and most eminent success. contemplated business; and not merely But, by the might of a true and full conto accumulate a mass of instruction from secration, he was enabled to surmount another, to be used by and by, if so he all difficulties, and labor more abundantly can. “Not simply the material of instruc- than they all ; yet not he, but the grace tion, and the best methods of commu
of God which was with him. So," by nicating it, are supplied theoretically to the grace of God,” will this wholeness the teacher, but he is required, in the
of heart in every case make up largely proper training schools, to put into prac- for defects of health, of training, and tice day by day that which he receives, other talents, which are nevertheless most and just as he receives it.” 2
highly desirable auxiliaries in the good work.
“We charge the ill-nature of the * Report of Special Committee on the Daven.
world, more often than justice requires, port Training School.
to some fault of temperament; but there