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MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

A 2. states that our Correspondent A. b. the Rev. T. G, Clare was presented by (vol. LXXXVIII. ii. 486) will find in Wot. the Duke of Buccleugh to the living of ton's Baronetage, vol. II. p. 61, that Sir St. Andrew, Holborn, on the resignation Thomas Lyttelton, bart. Treasurer of the of Dr. Luxmore, now Bp. of St. Asaph; Navy, &c. was the son of Sir Thomas but he had a short enjoyment of it. Lyttelton, bart. of Stoke Milburgh and A CORRESPONDENT remarks, in volume North Oxendon, by Anne, daughter and LXXVIII. p. 104, in reference to p. 1192 sole heiress of Edward Lord Lyttelton, of vol. LXXVII. “ you may add Tetyt, Lord Keeper. The title becoming ex Baron of Mullingar, which, as well as tinct 'in this branch of the Lyttelton fa other titles there stated, were, I believe, mily, at his death in 1709, may account not Barons of Parliament, but soi-disant for Wotton's omission of his marriage. Lords.”-A CONSTANT Reader, in allusion But the entry of the marriage of “Sir' to this passage, says, “ I cannot but preThomas Lyttelton, kot, and bart. with sume that he wrote Pelyt, which family Anne, daughter of Benjamin Baron, esq." were, for a long period, styled Barons Pain 1682, may be seen in the parish Re. latine of Mullingar in Ireland. Their ap. gister of Westcott, Gloucestershire; and cestor William Petyt (or Petit), was Lord Atkyns mentions this Sir Thomas Lyttel- Justice of Ireland in 1191, and in 1208 ton as possessing “a fair mansion at had a charter of Free Warren at MullinWestcott, in right of his wife."-A. Z. gar from K. John ; but his chief Barony does not know in what manner the Barons was called Matherothernan. His descend. of Westcott were connected with the Ba ants rose to the highest ecclesiastical and rons of Therfield, of Eversden, and of military offices in Ireland, and kept posLyon, but has some reason to believe session of a large territory in West Meath, they were all of one family.

&c. until the time of Charles II. ; but the Hugh Calpers observes, " Your es. only Lord of Parliament now to be found timable friend and cori espondent Dr. in the lists, appears to have been Peter Le Booker, has fallen in a great error in Petit, who was a Lord of the Irish Parlia. p. 39 of your last month's Magazine, by ment, 30 Edw. I. in which year he was representing Shenstone as the author of also one of the Magnates Hybernia, to the notices concerning Spence, which the whom letters were sent from Edw, I.” Doctor has there communicated.

" Shen G. submits the following etymological stone (writes Dr. Johnson) died at the remarks : “ It has occurred to me, that Leasowes, of a putrid fever, about five on ch in the English language formerly was Friday morning, February 11, 1763." either pronounced like k, or has been subHow then could be record the death of stituted for k. Upon this assumption, Spence, which occurred in 1768 ? I the the derivation of many English words more wonder at Dr. Booker's committing from the Saxon becomes manifest. The this anachronism, as he has so long re following are some of them : Church, kirch sided in the neighbourhood of Hales -chaff, kaff--chest, kist-chicken, küchen Owen."

-churn, kernen-chin, kinn-chalk, kalek Z. says, “ Surely your Correspondent -cheese, käse. Upon investigation, by (vol. LXXXIX. ii. p. 30) does not properly whom this change might have been intro. translate the first moito which he has' duced, it appears to me evident, that this stated. He says, Henry lll. King of has been effected by the Normans ; for England, was fond of receiving presents, they have in the same manner substituted and ordered the following line, by way of the ch for the c, in the Latin language, device, to be written over his chamber at which c is expressed by k in the Saxon. Woodstock: Qui non dat quod amat, non Thus have they changed Cantare into accipit ille quod oplat. The obvious mean. chanter-candela, chandelle-caritas, chaing is, that one who prefers a petitiou to rité-castigare, chatier-castitas, chastiré the King, will not obtain what he asks, --caminus, cheminée. All the Castra in unless he gives what he (either the peti Britain they have turned into Chester, and tioner or the King) values.”—The same may not the word chum be derived from Correspondent makes the followiug re the Latin cum, an associate, who lives memarks; Vol. LXXXIX. i. p. 587, b. I. 42, cum tecum, &c. ? the Rev. Mountagu Barton was brother R. C. says, “ To the interesting notices to Admiral Barton, who was shipwrecked of the celebrated traveller, Sir John Char. on the coast of Africa in 1758, but escaped, din, given in your last volume (Partii.512), and died in England in 1796 (LXVI. 81.) from that fascinating book, the Memoirs of -P. 588, a. 1. 31, Prioce Walsh Porter Mr. Evelyn, it may be added, that there had the mayor of Alfarthings in Wands is a whole.length portrait of him, if I reworth, but sold it before he died.-P.588, member, in the Picture-Gallery at Oxford.”

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HE very melancholy duty de Princesses had been most unremitting the death of our revered Monarch; quelle on these occasions requiring who expired, full of years and of hu- that none of the Royal Family shall nours, at half-past past eight o'clock sleep uoder the roof ibat cuotains the on Saturday evening, January 291b. corpse of a branch of that Family, He breatbed his last in the arms of "the Duchess of Gloucester deparled his Royal Son and Guardian, the shortly after for Bagshot. The PrinDuke of York.

cesses remained in the neighbourhood About three months since, a gradual of Windsor. loss of strength and flesh was per Thus terminated the Reign of ceptible ; since which time the me. George the Third, after a duration of dical gentlemen attendant on him fifty-nine years, three months, and considered themselves bound to pre- nine days ;ma Reigo distinguished pare the públic wind, by alluding to alike by the public and private virthe infirmity of his age in the monthly tues of the Monarch, and by the exbulletio. A slight bowel attack about traordinary vicissitudes in the affairs six weeks ago gave his medical at. of the world, in which the British tendants considerable alarm; and al. Cabinet has taken so prominent a though it lasted but two days, it left part, bis Majesty much debilitated. No Upon the news of this melancholy actual bodily malady, however, exist. event arriving in London, the Lords ed from that time until a few days of the Privy Council assembled at prior to his death, when the renewal Carlton House, and gave orders for of the bowel complaiot, which showed proclaiming his present Majesty; wbo that the bodily functions had lost made a most gracious Declaration to their power, announced a probability them, and caused all the Lords and that the King's dissolution could not others of the late King's Privy Counbe very far distant. Every thing that cil, who were they present, to be be took passed through him as he re sworn of his Majesty's Privy Council. ceived it, so that oalure had become on Monday, about noon, his Majesty entirely exhausted, and refused her was proclaimed ; first before Carlton office. In this state it is not sur. House, where the Officers of Slate, prizing that the decay should be ra Nobility, and Privy Counsellors were pid; the retenlive powers only a short present, with the Officers of Arms, time before his dissolution lost their all being on foot. Then, the Officers command the Royal Patient suuk being mounted on horse-back, the without a struggle.

like was done at Chariog-cross, within At the moment of the King's disso. "Temple bar, at the end of Wood. lution, there were present, besides the street in Cheapside, and lastly at the usual attendants, bis Royal Highness Royal Exchange, with the usual $0. the Duke of York, Lord Henley, lemnities; the Principal Officers of Lord Winchelsea, all the Physicians, State, a great number of the Nobiand Gen. Taylor. To the Palace were lity, and of other persons of disthe Duchess of Gloucester and the linction, attending during the cerePrincesses Augusta and Sophia. The mony.

GEORGE III.

[Feb.

100

Memoir of our late Most Gracious King. GEORGE III, the second child of grandfather, would bave been severely Frederick Prince of Wales, son of felt at any time; but coming at so criGeorge 11. and of Augusta Princess tical a juncture, and so unexpected, it of Saxe-Gotha, was born in Norfolk is by many circumstances augmented, House, St. James's-square, The 4tli of and the weight now falling on me much June, 1738. His constitution was

increased, I'feel my own insufficiency to sound aod vigorous, though he came

support it as I wish ; but, animated by into `the world at the term of seven

the tenderest affection for my native months. The education of the young

country, and depending upon the advice, Prince, upoo whose priociples and ships, on the support of every honest

experience, and abilities of your Lordabilities so much of the future bappi man, I enter with cheerfulness into this Dess of these kingdoms was destined arduous situation, and shall make it the to depend, was conducted upon a business of my life to promote, in every soinewhat partow system.

His ac

thing, the glory and happiness of these quirements were neither very exten kingdoms, to preserve and strengthen sive, nor very important; but the the Constitution in both Church and conscious striciness io morals, and the State; and as I mount the Throne in uniform impressions of piety, which

the midst of an expensive, but just and be ever so strikingly displayed, are

necessary war, I sball endeavour to prothe best proofs that, in the most es

secute it in a manner the most likely to sential points, the cultivation of his bring on an honourable and lasting mind had not been neglected.

peace, in concert with my allies.” The Princess of Wales, his mother, Though the conflicts of party were, communicated to a friend the follow. within a few years after the accesing character of the young Prince, at sion, unusually violent, the King was the age of 17. The passage is in highly popular at the commencement Doddington's Diary. She said, of his reigo. Looking at the Na“ He was shy and backward ; not a

tional character, it would have been wild, dissipated boy, but good-natured impossible to have been otherwise, and cheerful, with a serious cast upon

when a Sovereign, interesting from the whole; that those about him knew

his birth and education in England, him no more than if they had never

his youthfulness, and his unimpeached seen him. That he was not quick; but conduct, delivered bimself to his pevwith those he was acquainted with, ap. ple ip a Speech from the Throne, conplicable and intelligent. His education iaining many passages as notable and bad given her much pain. His book. patriotic as the following: learning she was no judge of, though supposed it small or useless ; but she

“ Born and educated in this country, hoped he might have been instructed in glory in the name of Briton, and the the general understanding of things."

peculiar happiness of my life will ever

consist in promoting the welfare of a He was brought up in great pri- people whose loyalty and warm affection vacy, as far as regarded a familiar for me I consider as the greatest and acquaintance with the prevailing mai. most permanent security of my Throne; ners of the young nobility; aod the and I doubt not but their steadiness in prejudices which George 11. enter those principles will equal the firmness tained against the Princess Dowager, of my invariable resolution to adhere to effectually excluded his grandson from

and strengthen this excellent Constituthe splendours and allurements of a

tion in Church and State; and to main

tain the Toleration inviolable. The ciCourt.

vil and religious rights of my loving sub George 111. having completed his la 22d year, ascended the Throne on the jects are equally dear to me with the

most valuable prerogatives of my Crown; 251h of October, 1760. The death

and as the surest foundation of the of George Il. was upexpected. The

whole, and the best means to draw young Sovereign was somewhat em down the Divine favour on my reign, it barrassed by the novelty of his situa is my fixed purpose to countenance and, lion ; but, in his first public act, the encourage the practice of true religion good sense aod modesty of his cha and virtue.racter 'were manifested in the follow

His Majesty very soon evinced that ing address to bis Council :

his consideration to preserve the wel“ The loss that I and the Nation bave fare of his people, by constitutional sustained by the death of the King my principles and actions, was not con

1820.) Memoir of our late Most Gracious King. -101 fined to professions. Within six the same time be avowed himself sa. months after bis 'accession to the tisfied with the opinion which the Throne, he recommended the famous majority of the Council had pro, alteration of the law by which the nounced against that of Mr. Pitt. Judges were rendered independent of The great Minister was overpowered the Crowo. of the importance of by the nobleness of this proceeding. this measure, we cannot better speak “I confess, Sire," be said, “ I had but tbau io the words of Blackstone: too much reason to expect your Ma

“ By the noble improvements of the jesty's displeasure. I did not come Law, in the Statute of 1 Geo. III. c. 23, prepared for this exceeding goodness : enacted at the earnest recommendation pardon me, Sire; it overpowers, it of the King bimself from the Throne,

oppresses me.”. He burst into tears. the Judges are continued in their offices

About this period of his reign, bis during their good behaviour, notwith- Majesty had to bear up against a spi. standing any demise of the Crown (which sit, not only amongst the populace, was formerly held immediately to vacate

but displaying itself very violently in their seats), and their full salaries are some constituted authorities, which, absolutely secured to them during the to the dispassionate observation of continuance of their commissions ; his the present day, must present more Majesty having been pleased to declare of the character of licentiousness than that he looked upon the independence of a genuine love of freedom. The and uprightness of the Judges as essen popular commulions which arose out tial to the impartial administration of

of ihe factious violence of Wilkes aod justice, as one of the best securities of

bis adherents are the rights and liberties of his subjects, the character of the people, as some

as disgraceful to and as most conducive to the honour of

of the measures which were taken to the Crown'."

repress them were inconsistent with The same love of constitutional

our present notions of constitutional freedom, and the same desire to exer- justice. The King's conduct, through. cise his prerogative for the benefit of out this trying occasion, was manly his subjects, were manifested by his and consistent. Majesty throughout his life.

In 1772, George III. fost his excelKing,” said Lord North frequently, lent mother, the Priocess Dowager “ would live on bread and water, to of Wales. His father, the Prince of preserve the constitution of his coun Wales, had died 18 years before, in iry; he would sacrifice his life to 1754. maintain it inviolate.”

The American war commenced in On the 8th of July, 1761, the King 1773. This contest has already been announced to the Privy Council his subjected to the impartial scrutiny of intention to marry. lo thus declariog History. It is quite clear that the the object of his choice, be mani war was originally impolitic, and that fested ihe prudence which uniformly it was unnecessarily prolonged. But, characterized him. The union was although it has been the fashion to completed on the 7th of the follow ascribe much of the perseverance in ing August.

this calaipitous, contest to the per. The early years of the reign of sonal character of the Sovereign, it George III. were distracted by party will, we think, be conceded, that the conflicts of the most virulent nature. abdication of so large a portion of These produced changes of Mioistry, his hereditary dominions was no dewhich demanded from the King the termination io be lightly or hastily exercise of the stroogest forbearance, adopted by the King of England. as well as the greatest address. Oo

His Majesty's sentiments on this subthe resignation of the first Mr. Pitt in ject were nagnanimously evinced on 1761, the King displayed at once the his first interview with Mr. Adams, firmness and benevolence of his na the Ainbassador of the United Stales. ture. His Majesty expressed concern "I was the last man in the kingdom, at the loss of so able a Mioister ; and, Sir,” he said, “ to consent to the ria to show the favourable sense he en dependence of America : but now it tertained of his services, made him an is granted, I shall be the last man unlimited offer of any rewards in the in the world to sanction a violation power of the Crown to bestow; at of it."

The

si The

102 Memoir of our late Most Gracious King. [Feb.

The most remarkable events of the tary force, without waiting for forms, American war were the battles of or reading the Act in question. • Is Bunker's-bill in 1775, Long Island,

that your declaration of law, as Attor1776, and the Brandywine, 1777, the pey-General ?" said the King. Wedder surrender of General Burgoyne in the

burn answered decidedly in the affirma. latter year, Rodney's defeat and cap. his " Majesty.

tive. • Then so let it be done,' rejoined lure of the Spanish Admiral Langara drew up the Order immediately, which

The Attorney-General in 1780, the action off the Dogger the King himself signed, and on which Bank in 1781, Rodney's defeat and

Lord Amherst acted the same evening : capture of the French Admiral De the complete suppression of the riots Grasse in 1782, and the destruction of followed in the course of a few bours. the Spanish floating batteries off Gib- Never had any people a greater obliga raltar the same year. Peace was re tion to the judicious intrepidity of their stored in 1783.

Sovereign !" The riots in London in 1780, which

It has been stated to us as a fact Ihreatened to overturn the very

foundations of the Government, called firm conduct of the King, on this re

upon which we can rely, that the forth, in a nost signal manner, the markable occasion, arose out of a energies of the King's character. It conversation with the late Mr. De is an undoubled fact, that, when the Luc, a gentleman of whose sensible advisers of the Sovereign were in a suggestions the King often availed state of confusion and alarm, horder. bimself. ing on despair, he at once decided

The second William Pitt came into upon those necessary measures of

power in 1783. This was, without military assistance, which effeclually doubt, the most important æra of repressed the tremendous dangers of the King's life. Never was an Eoga populace so infuriated. The fol- lish Minister invested with such unlowing is an interesting account of bounded power as this great statesthis memorable transaction :

man; and never did a servant of the “At the Council on the morning of Crown better.deserve the confidence the 7th of June, the King assisted in that was placed in him. person. The great question was there

In 1788, bis late Majesty was at. discussed on which ed the protec- tacked by that malady which, for tion and preservation of the Capitala the last 10 years, deprived his family question respecting wbich the first legal and his people of the guidance of his characters were divided, and on whicb

once active and benevolent mind. It Lord Mansfield himself was with reason

is believed that, soon after his accesaccused of never having clearly expressa sion to the Throne, the King had a ed his opinion up to that time. Doubts existed whether persons riotously col. slight attack of a similar indisposition. lected together, and committing out.

The national gloom produced by this rages and infractions of the peace, how severe visitation in 1788, and the ever great, might legally be fired on by universal joy manifested on the sudthe military power, without staying den recovery of the Monarch, are previously to read the Riot Act. Lord well-known events. The following Batburst, President of the Council, and extraordinary circumstance has lately Sir Fletcher Norton, Speaker of the been made public: House of Commons, who were both pre On the 22d of February, 1789, Mr. sent, on being appealed to for their opi Pitt and Lord Melville were dining nions, declared that a soldier was not

with Lord Chesterfield, when a Lei. less a citizen because he was a soldier,

ter was brought to tbe former, which and consequently that he might repel

he read, and sitting next to Lord Melforce by force.' But no Minister would sign the Order for the purpose. In this

ville, gave it to him under the table,

and whispered, that when he had emergency, when every moment was precious, Mr. Wedderburn, since suc

looked at it, it would be better for cessively raised to the dignity of a Ba. them to talk it over in Lord Chesroul, and of an Earl of Great Britain,

terfield's dressing-room. This proved who was then Attorney General, having to be a Letter in the King's own been called into the Council table, and hand, announcing his recovery to Mr. ordered by the King to deliver his offi. Pitt in terms somewbat as follow: cial opinion on the point, stated in the “ The King renews with great satismost precise terms, that any such as- , faction his communication with Mr. semblage might be dispersed by mili.. Pitt, after the long suspension of their

intercourse,

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