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532 Criticisnis on Passages of Sbakspeare.

- (xe.. Mr. URBAN,

PROSPERO.
HOULD the following observa « Come forth thou tortoisa, whan"

Tempest, A. i. S. ings of Shakspeare appear of sufficient None of the black-letter big. wigs consequence to deserve your atten bave been able to fix any thing like tion, they are very much at your ser & sensible reading of this passage. vice.

They seem lo rival one another only “Shall we rouse the night owl in a catch in the surpassing stupidity of their that will draw three souls out of one wea. conjectores. The last, though somo ver." Twelfth Night, A. ii: S. 3. times the most intelligent, is not up

This passage has been the cause of frequently the most absurd of the abundant cavil among the Icarned whole pack, I mean Mr. Jackson ; Commentators. All of thein differ he tells us that we should read won, in their opinion ; but all are equally in allusion to Caliban's unwieldiness. certain that the alteration they pro This epithet would be senseless enough pose is such as the Bard of Avon if applied to Falstaff, but as it refers would have approved, bad he been to Caliban, whose singularily does Jiving to sanction their emendations. not consist in corpulency, the term Dr. Warburton, with his accustomed wen is ridiculous and unmeaning in infelicity, would have the word in the extreme. А

very

trivial altera. italics, metamorphosed into 80us. Mr.

tion will make the passage quite inJackson, a recent disturber, though telligible. not unfrequently a purifier of the PROSPERO.-" Come forth thou tortoise, Shakspearian fount, would bave us

then !" read sols. Both interpretations are, As though Prospero should exclairn, however, as absurd as the most de rendered impatient by the delay of termined enemy to common sense

the mouster,

come forth thou top. could desire.

toise, then , come forth, I say." Shakspeare, doubtless, intended to speak ironically of the little refine “ Out of suits with fortune.” ment of feeling, or susceptibility of

As You Like It, A. i. S. 1. the charms of music to be expected

we should undoubtedly read, from a person in the capacity of a

Out of sorts with fortune," weaver ; to whose ears the inotion that is, discontented with the blind of his shuttle would possibly appear Goddess. more harmonious than any combina.

KING HENRY. tion, however judicious, of musical

“Ten thousand bold Scots, two and twenty sounds. Milton tālks of taking " the

knights

(see prisoned soul and lapping it in Ely. Balked in their own blood, did Sir Walter sium ;' and a similar style of expres

On Holmeron's plaing.” sion is frequently to be met with in

First Part of King Henry IV. A. I. S. .. the earlier English Poets.

I consider the word baked, as it Sir Tubs alludes jocosely to the stands in the old copies, to be persuperlative excellence of their calch, fectly warrantables it means dried, which was to draw three souls from stiffened, and the expression is per. a person who (in a poetical sense of haps a little hyperbolical, tut this is the term) could not be supposed to by no means uucoinmon with our great be possessed of one: sonjewhat in the Dramatist. spirit of the well-known saying (as Leon.—"The fixure of her eye hath moapplied to an execrably bad songster)

tion in it." namely, that "he would charm the We should read fixture : so far from heart of a broomstick.I would not, considering this interpretation corbowever, be understood to institute rupt, I think it quite as intelligible a comparison between broomsticks and justifiable as ihe “ melodious siand weavers to the disparagement of lence of Milton, or the “musicthe latter, who are a very industrious breathing face" of Lord Byrov's Zuand useful class of people. My desire leika. Daniel and Drummond speak is to relieve them from the charges of the dumb eloquence of their mis. preferred against them, so seriously, tresses eyes, aud ihere is an old song, by Dr. Warburton and Mr. Zachariah I think by Sir P. Sydney, the come Jackson, of giving sods and sous for mencement of which is a similar style bad ealches.

of eapression.

PART 1.

Anecdotes of the entient Arabs.

333

“ Her eye in silence halh a speech, | Miller's Ancient and Modern Drama. Which'eye best understands," &c. It is, on the whole, freer from typo.

Mr. Jackson recominends that we graphical error than any impression, should read fissure, such an altera. save that of Boydell, I know of. tivo would produce positive nonsense. Should your readers be likely to By the way, it is but justice to this derive any amusement from these gentleman to observe, tbat though conjectural emendations, like Mr. he is ofteo very ludicrously unfortu. Zachariah Jackson, I have more in Qale in his restorations, he is some reserve, some of which I propose iatimes eminently happy. I think with flicting upon them at a fulure upporhim, that his experience as a prioler tunity

AC. is a considerable qualification for the task of rectifying errors in Shaks ANBODOTES OF THE ANCIENT ARABS. peare's text; since it is inore than pro (Resumed from p. 611.) bable, that by far the greater

L MOHDI made his son Harun

ness of the correctors of the press. ruby-ring, which be wore himself, as

an earnest of the succession, to which “ If I have too austerely punished you, he was called after his brother, Al Your compensation makes amends; for I

Hadi. Al Hadi, immediately after his Have given you here a thread of my own life."- Tempest, A. ir. S. 1.

accession, seut an eunuch to Harûn to

demand the ring, as of right belongThe old copies read third, which I couceive to be correct, vide Theo. ing to him. This unreasonable de

mand so ioceosed Harûn, that, in the critus,

eunuch's presence, he pulled it off his -το γας ήμισυ τας ζωιας έχω, ,

finger, and threw it into the Tigris, Ζα ταν σαν ιδιαν. Ιa. 29.

wbere it remained till Al Hadi's deatb. Also Othello,

But av sooner had he taken posses"Your heart is burst; you have lost half siwn of the Khalifal, than he comyour soul."-A. i, s. d.

manded some divers to search for it; PANDULPH.

casting a lead ring, io order to direct “ Prance, thou may'st hold a serpeut by bridge where he stood before, when

them, from the same part of the the tongie, A chased lion by the mortal paw,

the cunucb demanded Al Mohdi's A fasting liger safer by the tooth,

ring of him, into the river. The diThau keep in peace that hand which thou vers were so fortuoate on this occa

dost hold."- King John, A. ii. S. 1. sion as to find the ring sought for, It would seem impossible to mis without any difficult toil: which acunderstand this passage, or the term cidevt was considered as a certain chafed (angry, furious, &c.); but the prognostic of a happy and auspicious learned commeotators have contrived reigo. to find it corrupt. Mr. Jackson, if I The Provost of Baghdåd having recollect aright, for I have not his one day stopped in the hands of a book before me, would substilule merchant the sum of 30,000 dinars, chased for chafed. The sagacity of sent by Mohammed Ein Zeid, prince such an alteration needs no cominent. of Mazanderên, or Tabrestân, of the

Il is singular that the Editors of race of Ali, to the chiefs of the dea the editions of the Stratford Bard, so scendants of that I mån, according to continually pouring from the press, annual custom, residing there ; they do not make use of that coinmon immediately carried their complaiat sense of which it is expected every

to the Khalif. That prince very geone has a share, in removing some of nerously gave them the money that the most glarivg of the typographia had been seized, and, in order to juscal errata still to be met with in the tify this action of Ali, be related to pages of the poet.

then the fool's dream. It may be proper, however, in this “I thought,” said he, “ that I for. place to make au exception in favor merly saw in a dream a man standing of a very compact, and, what is still at the end of a bridge that I was to better, correct edition of Shakspeare, pass, who seemed at first to have au published at a moderale price by intention to oppose my passages bat Mossrs. Hurst and Robinson, in two afterwards, all of a sudden, he apvpls 80, lu range in the library with proached me, and presented me a

spade

584
Anecdotes of the antient Arabs.

[xc. spade that be beld in his hand ; com people to prayer at an volawful hour. manding nie at the same time to break But being afterwards informed of the with it the ground on which we stood. whole affair, he ordered the Turk to I obeyed his order, and after I had be punished according to his demerits, given some strokes with the spade, he and at the same time commanded the told me he was Ali, and that as many Sheikb, as often as he should see any of my sons should enjoy the Khalifdt violence or injustice conimitted, to as l had given strokes opon the ground punish it in the same manner, that by with the spade. Then he enjoined me this means the author of it might to be kind to his family, and partico- mect with the treatment he deserved. larly those members of it that lived One day a servant, whilst he enunder my government. In consequence deavoured to drive away the flies with therefore of the promise I made him, a fy-flap in his hand, struck off the as well as in point of justice, I ought Khalif's cap ; which greatly conto rowtore the 30,000 dinars to the fouoded the Visir. But the Khalif, descendants of that Imán, to whom uomoved with the accident, only said, they properly belonged.”

This boy is exceedingly careless. This A soldier having once by force 80 astonished the Visir, that he could picked some bunches of grapes of a not forbear falling prostrate on the certain Moslem's Vine, the man im ground, and saying, 0 emperor of the mediately carried his complaint to the faithful ! is it possible there should be Khulif; who commanded both the so much lenily in so great a prince ?soldier and his captain to appear be The Khalif replied, “ What other pofore bim, in order to receive the pu tice ought to be taken of such an acnishment he should think fit to in cident as this? I knew that if the flict upon them. Some of the people poor boy had done this designedly, he about him demanded what crime the must have been out of his senses; aod captain had committed; he answered, certainly where no ill is intended, no “I saw him kill a man unjustly in action ought to be imputed to any my uncle's reign, and then made a one as a crime." vow to punish him for so enormous A Turk in Mahmúd's service epler. a crime, if ever the Khalifat should ed a poor man's house at midnight by fall into my hands, and he should be force, and so tormented bim, that he found guilty of any other fault.” was obliged to quit his habitation,

A Turk attempting to ravish by and abaudon his wife and children, force a girl in the city of Bagdad, and to repair directly to the palace, she found herself obliged to call in in order to carry his complaint to the all ber neighbours to her help. At Soltán. Mahmúd was up when the the cries of this girl, Sheikb Khaiath poor man came, and heard bim so ran to her relief, and begged the favourably, that he had reason enough Turk, in the most pressing terins, vot

to be filled with consolation. To fine, to offer her any violence. But the he said to him, “If this Turk should brute was so'far from paying any re ever trouble you again, let me know gard to his entreaties, that he insult. of it without delay. The Turk fail. ed him, and treated him in a very in- ed not to return three days after; of jurious manner. The Sheikh, not which the Soltan being apprized, he being able to think of any other ex. instantly, with a few attendants, went pedient to prevent him from acconi to the poor man's house, ordered the plishing his design, mounted the mi. light to be put out, and immediately närch, or steeple, of the great mos cut the insolent Turk to pieces. After que, and from thence called the peo. this execution, he commanded a flample together to prayer, thongh it was beau to be lighted, and then looked out of the stated times of prayer, in pou the face of the criminal he had order to excite the Moslems so as- dispatched; which was sembled to succour the poor girl, done, than he prostrated himself, reand deliver her effectually out of the turned God thanks, and asked for hands of the insolent' Turk. The something to eat. The man, who Khalif, having been apprized of the lived in extreme poverty, had noaction, but being ignorant of the mos. thing to give him but some barley tive to it, commanded the Sheikh to bread, and a little wine that was turn. be brought before him, and severely ed. The Sollån, however, conteoted reprimanded himn for convening the himself with his refreshment, aod

seemned

no

sooner

PART 1) Anecdotes of the awient Arabs.- Beer.-Cider. 585 seemed well enough pleased with tricl, where a vast mulliiude of peowhat had beeo set before him. When ple from different countries will be he was upon the point of returning assembled.” As there was a prodi to the palace, the poor man, who had gious concourse of merchants uod such signal justice done him, threw Olbers, coining from all the remolest himself dowo at his feet, and most regions of the East, at Baghdad, this humbly begged that he would inform prediction so terrified the inhabitants him why he ordered the lights to be of that capital, who were extremely put out at his first entering the house, numerous, ihat they erected mounds why he prostrated himself after the or dams in those places that seemed death of the Turks and lastly, how to be most exposed to an irruption he could take up with so bad a re of the waters, and look all other prepast? The Sollån answered him very cautions which they judged necessary courteously in the following terms: for their security. And, in conforAfter you had brought your com. mity to their prediction, it happened, plaint to me, I always suspected that that most of the pilgrims going to no one could be hardy enough to Mecca, who had pitched their ients commit such unparalleled insolence, in the valley of Al Manukeb, were but one of my own sons; and there- carried away by an irresistible torfore, as I was resolved to punish it rent, which with their beasts of burwith the utmost severity, and would den, baggage, and every thing they pot be diverted from my resolution brought with them, were drowned. by a sigbt of the offender, I ordered This tragical event so raised the rethe light to be put out. But finding putation of the Astrologer, that the afterwards that it was not one of my Khalif made him a present of a sumpsops, I praised God in the manner you tuous vest, in order to do him ho. gaw. And lastly, with regard to the nour, and as a reward for the skill he repast, it is no wonder I should be bad shown in his art. salisfied with it ; since the outrage upon you, which the Turk had been

Mr. URBAN,

Woodspring Priory, guilty of, so chagrined me, that it de

June 10. prived me both of my appetite and S many of your Readers may not repose for the last three days."

be possessed of that valuable work, The astrologers of Baghdad having Dr. Johnson's History of the Eu. predicted an inundation, little inferior glish Language;" I beg leave to preip its extent and effects to the general sent them with two short extracts deluge that happened in the days of from that masterly performance of Noah; it struck the people, as well as our great Lexicographer. the court, with the utmost terror and The first is from a version of the consternation. Upon which the Kha. Gospels, supposed to have been writlif sent for one of his most celebrated ten between the time of King Alfred astrologers, to interrogate bim as to the Great and that of the Norman the impendiog judgment, with which Conquest, when the Saxon Language he and his subjects were threatened , was in its highest state of purity; and the astrologer, being brought before the second from Wickliffe's version, him, said, that in Noah's time all written about the year 1380. The the seven planets met in the sigo of subject is from Luke, chap. i. and Pisces ; but that only six of them, part of verse 15. Salurn being in another part of the

From the Saxon. heavens, would meet in that sign the “ Solice he by moepe beropan present year. Had Saturn, continued Đpihtne : and he ne opinco' þın ne he, occupied any part of the above

beon." mentioned sign, when all the other

From Wickliffe. six planets appeared there, an uni.

" For he schal be great before the Lord: versal deluge would have been the

and he schal dot drinke Wyn ne Sydyr.” pecessary and immediate effect of so

To these, permit me to add the great a vicinity of those celestial bo- words of our present in valuable verdies. However, subjoined he, there sion: will most certainly be a dreadful in “ For he shall be great in the sight of undation, which will lay under water the Lord, and shall drink neither Wine some considerable city, tract, or dis DOS STRONG DRINK," G#NT, MAG. Suppl. XC. PART I,

B

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586 Cider.-Apple Trees.--Antient Sculptures.. (xc.

Io the Saxon we have the last word cerning the different mappers in which rendered “beor ;". - Wickliffe gives the antients represented this goddess." “syder." — But it must be allowed, As the Cnidian Venus is an interest. that the words “strong drink" are ing subject in Sculpture, it is worth by far more appropriate than either while to discuss it at length. 6 beer" or cider.” Antiently the “ According to common opinion," Jatter word meant all kinds of strong says Lessing, the Venus de Medicis is liquors (except wine), but in that the same as the Cnidian, that is to say, sense (as Doctor Johoson himself the chef-d'ouvre of Praxiteles, io martells us), it has been long wholly ob. ble, which was brought to Cnidus, solete, but certainly it was not so in and to which that town owed its ceWickliffe's days. Beer was the usual lebrity and concourse of strangers. and common beverage of our Saxon (Plin. xxxvi. 5. sect. 4, 5.) We know ancestors, into which they put Ground positively that this Venus had a swilIvy (and from the use to which it was ing air, that she was naked, and coapplied, it afterwards obtained the vered the sexual parts with her left names of “ Alehoof” and “ Tud- hand. Lucian (Amor. 13.) says, that hoof”) instead of Hops.

she is quite naked ; if I understand It is probable that the Apple Tree well the sense of this passage, I fiod was first propagated in this country there proof that the hand did not by the followers of Wm. Duke of cover the bosom; and, as far as I Normandy soon after the Battle of know, there is not found neither in Hastings ; and if that was the case, it Lucian, or the Anthologia, (where was not unreasonable to suppose, that nevertheless there is a suite of Epiin the course' of three centuries, from grams not very delicate on the Cnithat event, to the time of publishing dian Venus) nor elsewhere any deWickliffe's Bible, they had become scription of the rest of her attitude. completely naturalized, and so much It has been thought, that the Venus increased as to render Cider a com of Florence is that which was found mon drink at that time in England, at Cnidus ; for from that town it was and therefore the venerable Rector brought to Constantinople, and from of Lutterworth became fully justified thence, as they have perhaps thought, in the use of the word “Sydyr," in- it was easy to bring it to Rome. Acdependant of the antient meaning of cording to Cedrepus, it must have that term before hinted at.

been placed in the palace of Lausi at Yours, &c.

BENEDICTUS. Constantinople; but I have vo con

fidence in the assertions of Authors ACCOUNT OF THE ANTIENT SCULP- of that time, and of this kind. It is

TURES IN THE ROYAL MUSEUM AT possible, that there was a Venus in PARIS; WITH REMARKS BY Mr. ihe attitude of the Coidian, but, that FOSBROOKE. No. IV.

this was the identical statue, requires (Continued from p. 326.) better proof. Even should this noXLIV. VENUS OF CNIDUS. A Bust. tice be more worthy of credit than it The antient head of this Goddess is is, we may oppose the general conof divine beauty; and it belonged to flagration under Leo I. in 462, wbich a copy of the Cnidian Venus, the destroyed three quarters of the town, chef-d'æuvre of Praxiteles. The other and the Grand Imperial Library, with part is a restoration. (Visconti, p. 19.) an infinity of antient works of art, as The first writer upon Venuses is Les- that may have destroyed the Coidian sing. He says, that restorers have Vepus, as well as the Olympian Jubeen perpetually creating Venuses. piter. The Authors, with whom I " The greater part of tbese figures am acquaioted, do not speak posiwere torsos of women, without any tively of these works, but they menappropriation ; others were simple tion, in detail, the quarters and the portraits of pretly women; others places of the town, which were the were Venuses, but without any of the prey of the flames; in this number is attributes, which the restoring artist the palace of Lausi. (See Zonur. added, in creating in this manner, a Ann. xiv. p. 50. Cedren. Hist. Comp. Venus de Medicis, or a Venus Victrisc, 948. Evagr. Hist. Eccles. L. 2. et Urapia, &c. Thus, from all the sta. Valois, ibid.") tues restored in modern times, we can “It is to be particularly observed, learn nothing sure or positive con that the two arms of the Venus de

Medicis

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