496 Hundreds and Tythings.--Curious Custom. (June, constitute them guardians of each very much altered the Hundreds from others conduct : but, to effect this, it their original appearance and extent. was necessary that changes should I mean the union of two or more of be made as the population fluctuated. these aotient divisions into one, of There can be no doubt but that the which many instances occur at no Hundred was originally subdivided very distant periods: the motive may into exactly ten tythings, but, as this have been inerely convenience, aod has long since ceased to be the case, the change most probably took place it is natural to suppose that Ibe first without any formal act to sanction attempts to meet the inconvenience it or ma the time. Of these united arising from an increased or dimi. Hundreds we have several in Wilts ; pished population, were by increasing Cuwden and Cadworth, Elslul and or diminishing the number of lythings Everly, Pottern und Cannings, Branch within the Hundred.-We soon find, und Dole, may be instanced; the union however, that severe legislative io of which last did not take place till terference was requisite to maintain after the reign of Elizabeth. Nor this essential feature of Saxoo polity. does the inudern pame always so Several laws on this subject still ex- clearly imply the circumstance ; for ist, and particularly one of Canute, the extensive Hundred of Swanbrough which requires, under no less penalty contains within its present boundaries than that of outlawry, that every that of Roubergh Regis, which experson being twelve years of age isted separately temp. Edw. II. while should enrol himself in some hundred that of Roubergh Episcopi bas been and tylbing. - It is to be observed united to Poliern aod Cannings. Jathat this law, though highly penal stances of this nature might easily be as to the general object, clearly gave multiplied; but I conceive enough has an option to the person as to the been said to account for the present bundred and tything of which he was irregular division, and more perhaps to become a member; and this, I ap. thao


will think interesting to prehend, is quite sufficient to account your general readers.

J. o. for those irregularities which at first view appear so inexplicable. A manu. Mr. URBAN,

April 27. milted villein, and there were many of these, from pious and huinane mo strange Tenures which our an. tives, on acquiring landed property, cestors seem to have industriously though locally situated at a distance, exercised their fancy to jovent would sometimes prefer placing him. establish, I have scarcely heard of self under the protection and civil we more curious than that which is jurisdiction of his former lord ; persaid to belong to the Manor of Thonghaps courtesy might require it, or castor iu Lincolushire, where, accord. the lord might expect it as a justing to various accounts, “the Lord tribute of respect. Similar reasons has a right to whip the Parson in his would draw the younger branches of Pulpit." Mr. Arthur Youns, in his families to their more powerful re View of the Agriculture of the abovelatives, ecclesiastics to religious es named County, has bastily glanced tablishments, and clients to their pa. at this custom, from the traditionary trons: and what thus origivated in report of the neighbourhood ; but uschoice would soon become indefea- questionably some of your intelligent sible cuslom.

Correspondents are able to afford I have not at present an opportu. more particular informativa upon nity of extensive reference; but, so The subject, and it will be esteemed far as my memory serves me, I think a favour, if, through the medium of it will be found that some of the most your Publication, a credible accouot ragged Hundreds had Bishops or Re- of it may be obtained. ligious Houses for their lords in the At present all tbat I learn is, that time of our carly Hevrys and Ed. the Manor of Broughton in Lindsay, wards ; if this be ihe case, it is a fair about two miles from Brigg or Gland. presumption that the detached parts ford Bridge, is holden under that of were acquisitions after tbe Hundred Castor, or of Harden, in the parish of itself came into their possession. Castor, by the following service; viz.

I need mention only one circum- that annually upon Palnı Sunday the slance more, bul it is one which bas Deputy of the Lord of the Manor of



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1820.) Curious Custom.- St. Andrew's Church, Worcester. 497 Broughton attends at the Church of


March 21. a hand, which he cracko thrice in the The parish of St. Andrew, in the

City of Worcester, according Church Porch, passes with it on his to the parliamentary return in 1801, shoulder up the Nave into the Chan contajoed 1750 inhabitants. The mocel, and seats himself in the pew of ney raised by the Parish-rates, at 38. the Lord of the Manor, where he re 6d. in the pound, was 4911. 88, maius until the Officiating Minister is The Church (see Plate II.) is a Vi. about to read the Second Lesson. He carage,in thegiflofthe Dean and Chapthen proceeds with his whip, to the ter of Worcester. Its value in the King's lash of which he has in the interim Books, is 101. 58. 10d. The Churchaffixed a purse, which ought to con- yard is very large, and was consetain thirls silver pennies (instead of crated by Bp. Thornborough in 1635. which a single half-crown is sub. The Church is supposed to have been stituted); and, kueeling down on a erected in the eleventh cenlury; and cushion, or mat, before the reading was appropriated to the Abbey of desk, holds the purse suspended over Pershore. But the building is chiefly the Minister's head all the time he is remarkable on account of ils lofty reading the Lesson ; after which he and elegant spire, which is a great returns to his seat ; and, when the Dia ornament to this antient City. It vine Service is 'over, leaves the whip was built, by Nathaniel Wilkinson, in and purse at the manor house.

1751; who gave in its dimensions on It is said that the silver pieces have oath as follows: soine reference to ihose which Judas

ft. in. received as the wages of his iniquity; The height of the base or tower.. ,900 and that the three cracks of the whip T'he height of the spire from its base 155 6 in the Church Porch allude to the denial of our blessed Saviour by St. Peter: but the true rationale of the The diameter of the base of the custom may perhaps be known to spire is 20 ft. and under the cap 6 ft. some of your Readers, of whom i 'fths. The spire is terminated with venture to request the favour of a Corinthian capital; on which is fixed such farther particulars as may teod ihe weathercock. to elucidate so extraordinary a cus

The epitaphs in this Church are tom. I believe that an ancient Pri- given in Green's History of Worcesory once stood in the Parish of Brough- ter, vol. II. p. cvii.

C. D. ton : had these practices any reference to the Monastic Establishment there? In whom was the Manor an


May 12. tiently vested, and by whom is it now THE antient Collegiate Church of holdeo! By whom was the service imposed originally, and is it still per having undergone a repair, I was formed in the manner above describ. greatly disappoioted on visiting it, ed, or how otherwise ? are questions to find that not only no restorations which I flatter myself that your in- had been attempted; but great part dulgence will allow me respectfully of the few original features of the to put to the circle of your nume- fabrick, which bad escaped destrucrous Correspondents; to whom I have tion'in former reparation, have in the been so often indebted for a solution present been obscured or entirely deof nuy doubts on a variety of subjects stroyed. connected with Literature and Anti The North side of the Nave and its quities, that it would be ungrateful Aile, which till lately was in the oriif I did not mention my obligations, ginal stale, has been modernized. with sentiments of great respect, both

The venerable appearance 'it once to Mr. Urban, and ihose by whom the possessed is hid by a covering of the well-established fame of his Miscel. new-fashioned cement, which has likelany has been so long and so ably wise been applied to the West' front maintained : and towards which, by and the main Tower attached to it. thus eliciting, or being the means of The smooth even surface of plaster eliciting knowledge, it affords me spread over the walls destroys every great pleasure in the humblest de- idea of the antiquity of the building, gree, to contribute.

Questor. and gives this aptient Church the GENT. Mag, June, 1820.



498 St. Katharine's Church. - Antient Sculptures. (June, appearance of a fantastic Gothic erec Church to be disgraced by the burtion of yesterday.

lesque restorations of Parish CarpenThe South side of the Nave and ters and Plasterers. Aile being less exposed than the op I have strictly confined myself to posite one, instead of the compo the innovations of the last repair. is merely washed over with a dirty With those of former voes I have nowhite composition ; and the Choir, thing to do at present. Su devoted which has long since been rebuilt to iinprovement has this edifice been with brick, and most required the during a century back, that no art application of the cement, remains in of the antient fabrick exists, excepting the same disgraceful state as formerly. the great arches and pillars, which has

The inside of the Church is in lit. not in some way or other been motle better condition than the exterior. deroized.

E. 1. C. The windows have been despoiled of their original mullions and tracery; AceOÙNT OF THE ANTIENT SCULPand in their stead are occupied by a TURES IN THE ROYAL MUSEUM AT clumsy imitation of the former ones, PARIS; WITH REMARKS BY MR. copied from a bad restoration of an FOSBROOKE. No. IV. older date in the West front (coeval (Resumed from p. 326.) no doubt with the Tower) rather E now proceed to the Hall of than from originals still remaining

the Seasons. at the Eastern end of the Ailes. In XXXV. VENUS GENETRIX. The the Clerestory the windows, contain figures of Venus, with the surpame ooly plain mullions, without even the of Genetrix, which we see upon the large quatrefoils that appear in the Imperial coins, present to us that lower tier. In addition, the windows Goddess, regarded by the Romans as have been new glazed in the modern the mother of their ancestors, prestyle. By this improvement, several cisely in the same attitude as this coats of arms, in stained glass, which fine 'statue. She appears dressed in were to be seen before these repairs, a transparent tunick, which is scar

carcely are totally lost.

detached from the graceful contour The walls and pillars are covered of her limbs, and she holds in her with a yellow wash, the peculiar co hand the apple of Paris. Her ears louring of garrets and stables; except are pierced; for it was usual to susthe mouldings of the arches, the ca- pend valuable pendants from the ears pitals to the columns, and different of statues which represented Godlines of the building, which are white desses. This statue of Parian marble washed.

ornamented the Gardens of the VerThe antient Stalls (though little sailles. (Visconti, p. 16.) There is care is bestowed in their preserva considerable difficulty on the subject tion), I am happy to add, have es of these Venuses. Cæsar first called caped the varnish brush. But the her Venus Genetrix, as the cominon Exeter Monument has not shared mother of his family, and Lessing their good fate, having received a thinks that she was represented as a coarse coat of whitewash, greatly to Venus Victrix, but he observes, that the detriment of the curious and de many Venuses have been so denomilicale sculpture of the canopy, and nated by the Restorers mérely placso thickly applied as to fill up the ing an apple in the hand. The best accumulated initials which the idle explanation of those accompanied and mischievous had cut upon the with Cupid is, that they were in hoeffigies.

nour of ihe accouchemens of the EinI am not aware whether this re

presses. Armed Venuses are of Grepair has been at the expence of the cian antiquity. Chapter or the Precinct. If the lat. XXXVI. COMMODUS, A Bust. Tho ter, as, judging by the work I should ferocious visage of this Emperor anpronounce it to be, the Antiquary nounces his character. (Visconti, p. will bave great cause to lament the 17.) It was in this reign, says Winckelapathy of the Master und Brethren inan (Art. VI. 7) that the Arts beof the Hospital af St. Katherine, who, gan tv decline. His portraits are at a period which produced so many

very rare.

One exceedingly fine is good revivals of this neglected style at the Capitol : another at the Far. of Architecture, suffered iheir aptient nese Palace; a third in the Pio-Cle


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