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1920.) Otford, Coronation of Pope Martin V. 491 East and West, exceedingly pic- diately opposite the Inn is a blackturesque, and Otford has all the wild smith's shop ; nor, doubtless, has the tranquillity of a village in the remotest plaintive songstress of the night depart of the kingdom. The invinci- serted the flourishing hedge-rows in bility of Holmesdale naturally leads the meads of Otford; but Becket's to the notice of the great battle malediction against her was in force which obtained for it that proverbial when I visited the place, for it was character, between Edmund Ironside not then the season for the nightin. and Canute the Dane; the latter of gale.
A. J. K. whom was signally defeated, and pursued to Aylesford, where treachery Mr. URBAN,
Queen's Sq. Bloomsalone, it seems, preveuted his utter
bury, May 29. extermination. “ Eadmundus fer
THE following account of the cerereum latus exercitum fortem de tota monies used on the Coronation Anglia congregavil, et in loco, ubi of Pope Martin the Fifth *
may possi. prius Tamesi fluvio transmeato, in bly be deemed worthy a place in the Cantiam citus intravit, ac juxta Olla. Gentleman's Magazine; it is a curious fordum cum Danis pugnam iniit, at document, and may be acceptable at illi non ferentes, terga verterunt, at this time to the publick. cum suis in Scepeye fugerunt, et nisi Yours, &c.
W. R. perfidus dux Edricus Streona suis in la the Court of the Palace there sidiis eum apud Eagleford, ne suos was erected a grand theatre, capable persequeretur hostes, retineret, ea dic of containing 100 persons. Close to plena potiretur victoria."-Roger de the wall was a very high tbronę, Hoveden, apud Deceni Scriplores. above which there was a canopy of
In widening the road which leads cloth of gold, the seat destined for through this village to Seven-oaks, his Holiness. On the right hand, and about the year 1765, many supposed on the left, were arranged several relics of the slain were discovered, olher seats a little lower, but magand a place called Dane-field is point, nificent, for the princes and the preed out by Topographers as the pro: Jates to sit on. At 8 o'clock in the bable theatre of ihe contest. Indeed morning, the two Patriarchat, the all along the interesting valley, which twenty-two Cardinals I, the Arcb. is watered by the “ blood-stained Da bishops, lhe Bishops, the Mitred Abrent,” vestiges have been found of bots, entered the Court of the Palace battles. Ai Lulling stone, four miles on horseback, in pontifical habits. Northward of Otford, three years The Emperor and the other Princes since were discovered about 300 followed on foot. When all the peoskulls. 'The Dades sailing into Dart. ple were assembled, the Pope mountford Creek might disembark theired the Theatre, preceded by the forces, ravage the country, and pur- Clergy, carrying the Cross and waxen sue their march of devastation up the tapers. On the fore part of the valley till checked by the opposing Theatre there was an excellent choir Saxoos. This may account for the of music, which sung und played on number of castellated sites to be all sorts of instruments, found within short distances of each The Pope had on his head a superb other on the banks of the Dareut, tiara, studded with gold crowns, with viz. Eynsford, Lullingstone, and a golden cross on the top., At his Shoreham, all formerly surrouuded by right hand, a little behiod, were Cardeep moals replenished by the river. dinal Viviers and a Patriarcb, at bis
I shall conclude this account by left, Cardinal Brancas, with another stating, for the infurination of the Patriarch. Then marched the other curious visitant of Otford, that he Cardioals, and the Grand Master of will find at the village lon various remnants of the interior decoration
* Ocho Colonna, a Roman and Cardi. of Warham's Palace ;--Gothic chim.
nal Deacon of St. George, who was created ney-pieces elaborately carved, orna Pope in 1417, in the stead of John XXIII. mented wainscotings, and an oaken + Since the time of the Crusades, they chest adorned with grotesque and in
had got the titular Latin Paisiarchs ja decorous figures, all of his period. It
ibe Eaglero patriarchal sees subdaed by may be further observed, thal, lo give
the Mahoinelans. the curse of Becket the lie, inwe
There were no more then present.
492 Coronation of Pope Martin.Abp. Nevil's Feast. (Juaß, Rhodes, who were all received by the before, followed by the Abbots, Bj. Einperor, the Electors, and Princes. shops, Archbishops, and Cardinals un
The Pope being placed on the horseback. The Emperor, up foot, throne, the Patriarch of Antioch took beld the reins of the Pope's bridle on his tiara, or crown, off his head, and the right, walking in the dirt*, whilst kneeled before him, holding his the Elector of Brandenburgh did the crown *in bis haod. Near him other same on the left. Thus the Pope Cardinals kneeled also, one of whom was carried in procession from the carried some tow at the eud of a stick, Cathedral to the Augustine Monasanotber a cross, and the rest wax ta- tery, and thence re-conducted to the pers. At the Pope's right hand sat Episcopal Palace. Cardinal de Brancas, with eight other Here ended tbe ceremony. Cardinals; at his left, the Grand Master of Rhodes, with eight Cardinals. Mr. URBAN,
June 1. Next them, on the right, the Empe HEN George Nevil, brother tu rur; on the left, the Elector of Brap. denburgh, both attended by Arch. was made Archbishop of Canterbury, bishops. Next them, Electors, Princes, in the year 1470, in the 10th year of Bishops, and other prelates, as many the reign of King Edward the IVth., as the place could conlain. The rest he made a great Feast, in which was sat on the stairs, which had been made expended 300 quarters of wheat, 330 very wide for the purpose. There tons of ale, 104 tons of wine, one was beside these, in the Court, a great pipe of spiced wine, 80 fat oxen, 6 number of Archbishops, Bishops, aud wild bulls, 1004 weathers, 300 hogs, other great Lords, both ecclesiastic 300 geese, 3000 capons, 300 pigs, 200 and secular, who surrounded the peacocks, 200 cranes, 200 kids, 2000 Theatre on horseback. There was chickens, 4000 pigeons, 400 rabbits, likewise an immense crowd of peo- 204 bitterns, 4000 ducks, 400 herrings, ple, who could not get into the 200 pheasants, 500 partridges, 4000 Court.
woodcocks, 400 plovers, 100 curlews, When the music had ceased, one of 100 quails, 1000 egrets, 200 rees, the Cardinals, who was kneeling be- above 400 bucks, does, and roebucks, fore the Pope, and who carried the 1056 hot venison pasties, 4000 cold tow, lighted it, and i wice said aloud, venison pasties, 1000 dishes of jellies addressing hiniself to the Pope, parted, 4000 dishes of plain jellies, “ Sancte pater, sic transit gloria 4000 cold custards, 2000 hót custards, mundi.” After which, three Cardi. 300 pikes, 300 breams, eight scals, nals, who had been selected for put. four porpoises, 400 tarts, 1000 ser. ting the Crown on the Pope's head, vanis to attend, 62 cooks, and 515 standing up with the Grand Master kitchens; of which Feast the Earl of of Rhodes, and taking the Crowo Warwick was steward, the Earl of from the hands of the Pope, they Bedford treasurer, the Lord Hastings all four kneeled on the highest step comptroller ; with many more noble of the Ibrone, whence, after saying a officers. prayer, they aruse, and put ihe This Feast exceeded all feasts of Crown on the Pope's head; after that time, and was thought more be. which, resuming their former places, fitting a King than an Archbishop, they heard the Te Deum, and the and that he did it to let the publick music.
see he was given to hospitality. But When they left the place, the Pope the surprise was not only, al the exmounted his white horse, which was travagance of the cost, but where preceded by three led horses, that they could procure all the particulars were also white, and had red capari- both from sea and land, where they The inferior Clergy walked got kitchens and ovens to dress all
this; where they found places lo eat * The Papal Crowu is composed of a
it in ; and lastly, where they got cap, or tiara, enclosed by three marquises' coronets
, having two pendants like the people to eat it all, unless they idBishops' miires; and on its top à mound
vited all the nativo : but this Arch. of gold. These three Crowns represent the pretended triple capacity of the Pope,
* This circumstance is particularly poas High-Priest, supreme Judge, and sole ticed by the Historian l’Enfant, in his Legislator of the Christians.
History of the Council of Constance.
1820.) Bill of Fare in 1478.-Tour in Yorkshire. 493 bishop was the Pbænix glutton of him under a feeble guard for a few tbe age; for others were as frugal as days, until, by a concerted plao, Warhe had been profuse, as will appear wick took possession of the prisoner, by the following Bill of fare of a Feast and immediately carried him away lo bad by the Wax Chandlers’ Company his own castle, where, being joined on the 28th of October, 1478, eight by the Earls of Lancaster, Hereford, years after the former, viz. :
and Arundel, they caused the head of
£. s. d. the unhappy Favourite to be struck Two loins of mutton and 2 loins
off by the hands of the executioner ; of veal........
0 2 4
-not, however, without some show A loin of beef.........
0 0 4
of a military trial, as the sentence A leg of muttoo...................... 0
was carried into effect with great pa() 4
rade upon an eminence called Bled. 0 0 6
low Hill, about one mile distant from One doz. of pigeons........
Warwick Castle, ou the road leading One huudred eggs...................
to Coventry. A goose ......
0 06 However active the Earl of LanA gallou of red wine................
caster appeared at the head of the Kilderkin of ale........
8 confederale Barons, or bold in the
reduction of the power of the Crown, Total...0 0
he is said to have been deficient jo Yours, &c.
W. R. the talents requisite for a military
commander, and even in personal cous TOUR IN YORKSHIRE.
rage: and perhaps it may have given (Continued from p. 421.) some countenance to this potion, that DWARD again submitted, again he seems to have taken no part in the
prevaricated, and the turbulentoo- Scottish war, to which it might have bles had scarcely laid aside their arnis, been imagined that the martial arbefore they were provoked to resume dour of lhe age would have invited them with reseptments highly in. him. Another reason may indeed be flamed ; and their hatred against the assigned for his declining to atteod Favourite so much iocreased, that his
the King on the occasion alluded to s destruction was inevitable. Lancas- for on the return of Edward, after ter was vo this occasion supported by the treinendous and decisive baltle of Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of War- Bannockburn, the Ministry, new mowick, a powerful bobleman ; Hum. delled by the direction of Lancaster, phry Buhun, Earl of Hereford, Con: aod the command of the army enstable of England ; Aylnier de Va trusted to hiin, seemed to afford an lence, Earl of Pembroke; and many opportunity of holding a secret corother new confederates.
respondence with the King of Scots, Lancaster assembled his followers which he eagerly embraced, and and marched to York, whence the thereby secured a powerful ally in King had removed to Newcastle; but the event which he may be presumed was pursued thilber, and had just to have already anticipated, of anotime to escape to Tynernouth, aud ther quarrel with his own Sovereigo. thence by water to Scarborough, Notwithstanding the high offices to where was then a castle deemed im. which Lancaster had been appointed, pregnable. Whilst the King, with a he must have been perfectly aware of few forces, proceeded to York to having little deserved the confidence recruit his army, and Gaveston was of Edward ; and the daily advances left at Scarborough; the Earl of which the two Spencers were making Pembroke besieged the castle there, in the King's favour, the countenance which being untenable, surrendered shown to them upon every occasion, on conditions which it is probable and the bounty which was continually were never intended to be observed lavished upon them, filled his mind by the confederates, who having thus with jealousy and disgust, which soon seized the person of their principal broke forth in acts of open violence. enemy, seem to have resolved upon Au irregular transfer of property making him a sacrifice to their re which had given rise to a quarrel besentient; and, accordingly, baviog tween the younger Spencer and ove conducted Gaveston to a castle at of the confederale Barons, was deemDeddington ip Oxfordshire, they left ed a sufficieut èxcuse for again taking
494 Account of Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster. (une, up arms.
Lancaster and Hereford treasons had long before rendered demanded of the King the punish• bin odious, not only to the Sovement of Spencer, or threatened to re reigo, but to all the adherents to the nounce their allegiance. Without Royal cause ; and being sentenced to waiting the result, they fell upon the die, he was, as if by way of retaliaoffenders, pillaged and destroyed their tion for his behaviour in the case of estates, murdered their servants, and Gavaston a few years before, subburned their houses. Flushed with jected to the most mortifying indig. the success of these exploits, they pities which the rudeness of the age marched to London, and by menaces, suggested. He was placed on a ini. procured of the Parliament then sit- serable horse without a bridle, a hood ting, the attainder of the Spencers, put on his head, and in mean attire, and sentence of perpetual banishment. conducted amidst the insulting acclaThey then once more retired to their mations of the populace, to his own castles in all the plenitude of feudal castle at Pontefract, and there beindependence, but the interval of a headed. few months had only elapsed before Thus perished one of the most an accidental circumstance having powerful of the English Nobility, afforded to the insulted Monarch the whose public conduct and private prospect of gratifying his resentment, life, the former marked by continual Edward recalled both the Speocers, turbulence, and the latter by arroreinstated them in their former gance and hypocrisy, may be truly power, and seized upou the domains said to have deserved no belter fate. of those of the factious Barons whose His revenues were immense, being estates lay most exposed to an attack. at once in possession of no less than
Lancaster again assembled his vas six Earldoms, with all their immunisals, openly avowed haviog entered ties and jurisdiction. into an alliance with the King of After his decapitation, bis estates Scotland, from whom he had received being seized for the Crown, it was a promise of assistance in case of reported that abundance of plale and emergency, and being joined by Bo- jewels, and what is still more extraorhun, Earl of Hereford, posted the dinary, part of the rich wardrobe of insurgent forces at Burton-upon- Gavaston were found amongst his Treni in Staffordshire, to dispute the treasures. Thus it appears, that even passage of the river, and interrupt the amongst the highest nobility, the march of the King's forces into the predatory attacks often made upon North.
each other by these feudal chiefs, The King advanced at the head of were not merely influenced by the bis army, amounting, it is said, to more independent, however detestthirty thousand men ; and Lancaster, able, passions of revenge or resent. deficient in military skill, and disap- ment,' but accompanied with the pointed of the reinforcement which odious and selfish practices of rapide he had expected from Scotland, fled and robbery. How borrible a picbefore him, retreating Northward, ture is thus presented of the state of until at Borough-bridge, the forces society, when tyranny on the one uoder Sir Andrew Harcla, a brave haod, and rebellion on the other, aland loyal officer, who had before ternately desolated, the land, and signalized himself by a gallant de- crushed the lower classes of its inha. fence of Carlisle against the Scots, in- bitants by continual oppressions ! tercepting his passage over the river Force and violence superseded the Eyne, the insurgents were repulsed, wild and benign operations of the the Earl of Hereford slain, avd Lan. Jaws, and the natural protectors of caster, incapable, it is said, of flight the poor were in fact their insolent or defence, surreudered bimself a pri oppressors and cruel destroyers.
The greater part of those iminense Harcla immediately conducted him estates which the bigher nubility had to the King, who without any hesita. accumulated, were undoubtedly cultition determined upon his fate. Few vated by a rude sort of husbandry, forms were in those times observed; but for themselves alone. Their vasand a subject taken with arms in his sals, wholly dependent upon them, hands, in open rebellion, could ex were without any incitements to inpect but lilile favour. His repeated dustry, or encouragement to moral
1820.] On the Divisions of Hundreds and Tythings. 495 virtues. In the short iotervals be- made up of one hundred Thanes tween those conflicts, in which they whose lands lay adjacent ; but this were compelled to bear a part, and hypothesis swells the oumber of these in which undistinguished thousands knights or petty nobles to an increannually perished ; idleness rendered dible ainount: - others have supthein useless and burthensome, or posed that it consisted of an bundred habits of violence and outrage ren
families only, which is equally obdered them dangerous to their lords. jectionable, because it diminishes the The latter indeed were “ a kind of population far below probability.-independent potentates," who took To take Wiltshire for an example: in upon themselves the redress of wrongs the former case we should have in and the maintenance of privileges, that county at least four thousand by open force and the strong arm of Thanes; and in the latter, not more power ; by the exercise not of mild than sixteen thousand people. That and impartial distributive justice, but conjecture, therefore, seems the only by the domination of authority, and probable one, which makes the Hunthe terms of superior strength. dred to have consisted of one hun.
Let us rejoice that we live in hap- dred FREE families of whatever rank; pier tinies; when the rights of the - supposing the slaves or bondmen, great and of the bumble are equally which constituted about three-fourths under the protection of the Laws; of the whole population, as being the and when the sword of Justice is not property of their masters, and jocawielded by caprice, but upheld by pable of bolding lands, not to have mercy.
been taken into the account. This Yours, &c.
VIATOR. would make the population of Wills
about sixty thousand, or nearly oneMr. URBAN, Warminster, May 11. third of its present amount, which REW things appear more is perhaps very near the truth.
A division of land, made up in this grapher than the very irregular man manner from the Union of mang
in which the Hundreds and smaller properties, must necessarily Tythings are laid out in our West be very irregular in its bouodaries, ern Counties.
but there are other anomalies which In troubling you with a few re even thus are not accounted for.-It marks upon this intricate subject, I is not uncommon, for instance, to beg leave to say, that I have no par find part of one hundred in the very ticular claim of originality to make, middle of another, or several parts of and that I shall be happy to see the a bundred scattered widely over a subject discussed in your pages by whole country, and these in common some abler pen.
language are not unaptly termed rage One of the first ideas which must ged hundreds. It is evidently imposoccur to any one, on inspecting a sible, at this distance of time, and in County Map, is, that the Hundreds the absence of all record, to stale and Tythings could not have been when and why any particular irregulaid out with any respect to the quan- larily of this kind was introduced ; tity of land they contained ; and the but it is not so difficult, perhaps, to great difference of exleot, as well as detect the operation of certain causes The general neglect of every thing which must have ultimately produced like a right line or a natural bound. this effect. ary, clearly indicates lhat we ought By whomsoever of our Saxon kings to look elsewhere for an explanation these divisions were first adopted (for of the principle upon which these an there is no proof that we owe thein tient divisions were made.
to the wisdom of Alfred) they could It is well kuown to those who are not have coolinued long in their priconversant in Saxon Antiquities, that mitive state. From the increase of the people, and not the land, were population, the manumission of chiefly considered iu this arrange- slaves, and other causes, the hundred meni; but it has not yet been su must soon have ceased to contain clearly decided what nuiuber or de- just a hundred, and the tything ten scription of persons copstituted the free families. The intention was lo original Hundred and Tything. Soine bind the free inhabitants in a kind of have imagined that the Húodred was perpetual and inutual bail, and 10