488 New Throne.-On General Education. [June, festooved, and occasionally covered sion House! I for one, having twice with fine scarlet clotb, trimmed and carried my knapsack and “ Brown edged with rich aureo-silken lace and Bess" on my shoulder, am willing, for fringe, which, at a short distance, the third time (though a Sexagenaappears like broad gold lace, and rian) to do it again, rather than such fringe. The old clock and thermome a circumstance should take place : ter are removed, and replaced by pew but let us contrive to take a fresh ones, in neat cases of an uniform and

departure,” and “ steer a middle classic design ; and the covered iron course;" suppose the “dasbing prinrailings are replaced by neat copper ciples" of the times, in Politics, and railings, richly gilt. The old ta.) Commerce, and Education, which pestry and chandeliers only remaid ; bave gained ground upon us these of these, the former, though once last twenty years, are a lulled," and brilliant, and admirably executed, we become a little “ calmer.” Let and picturesquely recording an his the Politician conceive of himself toric subject justly dear to English that he is not infallible any more than hearts (the Spanish Armada,) has another; the Man of Business go on now, by the contrast of surrounding Change, and he will soon learn how brilliant and superb decorations, been to appreciate Modern Speculation, rendered gloomy and obscure. though it is ten to one but he feels

powerfully its effects ; and let the Mr. URBAN,

May 10. great advocate for modern instrucI expected your Correspondent, A tion, cooly, and seriously reflect, that

Practical Politician,” (p. 209,) witbout well-grounded religious iowould receive at least “a few swivel. struction, the evil must overbalance shot from the main-top” of some one;

the good. and I find my expectations are real Your last Correspondent, p. 328, ized by a Correspondent in your last draws a parallel between savages, i.e. Month's Magazive, p. 327 : really, it men in a state of barbarism, and the is but a swivel-shot, and not " a lower unenlightened educated European ; decker” to “hull him;" if we go permit me to state, that from actual on in our modern improvements, as observation and intercourse, I have we have done of late, “ we shall all found this educated (I mean the light be Admirals, aud there will be no one mode recommended, or now adopted) to heave the water out of the long European, a greater Savage than an boat.” If your readers should tbink Indians. I have encamped amongst this style of writing not quite correct then, and I have found the interin the Gentleman's Magazine, they course, when formed between these will please to recollect that we are two, to increase the danger, and add ISLANDERS, and to that circumstance, to the terrors of savage life. I have we have now a Gentleman's Magazine found the European teach the Aborito read. When we forget our local gene of America to be capable of situation, and mix as it were our po doing more mischief. I have known litics, our commerce, and our views, the conversation turn on the dreadclosely with the Continent, the poor ful subject, what part of a human little Triangle, and its sister Isle, will being is best flavoured for the taste soon be blotted out as an indepen or to the palate-un educated refinedent state from the Map of Europe, ment with a vengeance! To be brief and from being as it were her left then, permit me to add, that my feel. arm*, and leading to the heart (look at ings accord with the sentiments of the Map) we shall not find ourselves our late revered Sovereign, “ that equal to a little finger. But to the every one should be able to read the subject, “ Modern Improvement,” Bible;” but be it remembered, that and General Education.” Advocates something more is necessary than for it, with warm imaginations, carry merely reading il—that a religious their ideas to mysticism, for us all to duty is to be impressed with it, and become every thủng good, great, that the old-fashioned way of instrucand lovely;" those against it think tion, by gradual steps, and not by just the reverse-as productive of hasty procedure, forms, in the juveevil, mischief, radicalism, and finally, nile mind, the only permanent ima Provisional Government at the Mau- pression, and much, very much is to * The outline or general shape of Eu

be done more, than making with our rope is said to be like a lady sitting.

fingers letters in the sand.


T. W.

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1820.) Lidsing Chapel and Otford Palace, Kent. 489 Mr. URBAN,

May 29. 32d year of King Henry VIII. when L.

IDSING, usually called Lydging, is it was, together with all its revenues,

a major and hamlet in Kent, lying surrendered into the King's hands, at the Southern extremity of Gilling who by his dotation charter, in his ham parish, next to Bredhurst; part of 33d year, settled this manor, with its it being in the parish of Chatham. appurtenances, on his new-founded This estate was formerly the inherit. Dean and Chapter of Rochester, where ance of the antient family of Sharsted; it now remains; the lessee of it beSimon de Sharsted held it at his death ing the same as for the manor of in the 25th of Edward I. Sir Henry Sharsted above mentioned. de Leyborne was possessed of it in Al this hamlet (Lydsing) there has the next reign of Edward II. ; in the been of long time, and is now, a Cha. fourth year of which he obtained pel of ease to the parish of Gillingham charter of free warren for his lands in (see Plute I. Fig. 1.); and Divine SerLydesinge and elsewhere. lo Ed. vice continues to be performed once a ward III.'s reign, it came into the fa- month, though there are but six houses mily of Say; for Sir Roger de Say, within this district. It is endowed with in the 30th year of it, granted to his all the tithes of this hamlet; and was brother Sir Jeffery de Say his mianor valued in the year 1650, in a survey of Sharsted and Lydesinge, with their then taken by order of the ruling appurtenances, to hold in perpetual powers, at 251. per annum. inheritance. He seeins to have alien The chancel or East end of this Chaated these premises to Robert Belk- pel was rebuilt some years since with nap, who in the 50th year of Kingbrick, at the expence of the late Vicar, Edward III. anno 1375, granted, the Rev. John Jenkinson. R. B. S. among other premises, a moiety of

Mr. URBAN, Bromley, Kent, May 31. Chatham, to the Prior and Convent Tiatec.comig. 2.) presents a view of Rochester, on certain conditions therein mentioned; the other moiety of the remains of the Archiepiscopal of this manor continued longer in the Palace at Otford in this County, which name of Belknap: Robert Belknap, belonged from early ages to the See above mentioned, was afterwards of Canterbury. The place derives its knighted, and Chief Justice of the name most probably from the comCommon Pleas; but favouring too bination of the Saxon words “ 08 much the designs of King Richard II. Se popo-at the ford," an etymology for the extending his prerogalive, he well justified by the stream which was, in the 11th year of that reignwaters it. altainted and banished to Ireland, by In the year 774 of the Christian the Parliament, and though he was

æra, the powerful Mercian King Offa hy the same power permitled to re. invaded Kent, and defeated Aldric turn again in the 201h year of it, yet with his army at Otford, rendering his attainder still continued, and his apparently the Kentish King tributary lands remained forfeited as before. to him ; for we find that seventeen Notwithstanding which the King, who years after this battle, Offa conferred considered him as a martyr to his in. The manor of Otford on the See of terest, granted him several of his es.

Canterbury. The engagement seems tates again, and among others, this to have been a very sanguinary ope; moiety of Lidesinge, in his 220 year. the following allusion to it occurs in But it did not continue" long with Roger de Hovedene*: "Kinewulli him; for by his deed in the 2d year regis anno vicesimo pugnavit Rex of King Henry IV. he gave it to the offa, cum Mercensibus, contra KeutPriory of St. Andrew in Rochester, esses apud Ottunforde; clade aulein for one Mouk, being a Priest, to cele- horrendâ utrinque peraclâ, belli sucbrate Mass in the Cathedral there for cessibus Offa clarus effalsit.”Decem ever, for the souls of hinuself, his pre- Scriptores. One Werhard, a powerdecessors, and successors. The Priory ful Priest, found means, some time of Rochester becoming thus entitled after, to alienate the manor of Olford to the whole fee of this manor, con- to his owu use, but restored it at his tinued in the possession of it till the dissolution of the monastery in the * King of the West Saxons. Gent, Mac. June, 1820.




Account of Otford Palace, Kent. [June, death, by command of the Archbishop. a spring, elear as the brightest crys. Lanfranc, on dividiog the possessions tal, and which discovers through its of the See between himself and his pervious inedium the moss-grown Monks, for they had before been en stones with which the bottom of its joyed in common, retained Olford !o chamber is paved, as this lucid founibe Archbishop's share. The antient tain has been formed into a bath mansion was rebuilt by Archbishop about twenty feet loog. Here the Dene, alias Deony, in the 16th of invalided devotee bathed, transferring Henry VII. but not in a manner to the invigorating power of the water satisfy the magnificent taste of his to the merit of its patron saint, Thosuccessor Warham; for he, pulling mas of Canterbury, for this is “ Becdowo the whole, except the great kett's well.” The progress of iolelhall and chapel, re-edified it at the lectual light has robbed the influence enormous expence of 33,0001. This of St. Thomas of this healing reputahonour he bad intended for the archi. tion, which was lately restored to the episcopal seat at Canterbury, but a water, by the cure of an old man, dispute arising between him and the who, crippled by rheumatism, was citizeos concerning a track of ground completely renovated by this balh which he wished to have added to its to health and action ; a circums!ance site, he made the palace at Olford witnessed by the late Lord Stauhopo the objeet of a princely munificence. and several of the neighbouring geoCranmer, apprehensive of the envy try. The stream flows from its head which this splendid residence might througli the outer court of the Padraw upon him, exchanged it and he lace, formerly supplying the offices nianor on the 301h of November, in with water collected in capacious cisthe 29th of Henry VIII. with other leros, in the same manner as may be lands; during the interregnum, the seen at this day in the ancient and manor of Olford was sold to Edward curious kitchen at Hever Castle in Sexby and Samuel Clarke, but was at this county, where the waters of the the Restoration repossessed by the Eden * are turned to a similar purCrown.

pose. The rivulet then pursues its Of the sumpluous labours of War course to augment the river Dareot. haip there now remain but two towers The miracles of Becket, who banished of the outer court, connecled by a the nightingale for ever from Otford cloister, composed of pointed arches for disturbing his devotion, and bis in the obtuse style, which charac. cursing the blacksmith, who shod bis terized the debaseinent of the "gothic" horse amiss, in such a manner, that in his day. The tower viewed in the Done of his trade have ever since flou. oketch is drawn from the West side, rished in the place, are matters of and is the most considerable of the trite repetition. Equally well known two wbich are standing : no view of is the story of the image of St. Barit from this point has hitherto been iholomew at the Chapel bere, lo engraved. It is of octangular form, whoin pregnant women offering a constructed of brick, with free-stone cock or a hen, insured the sex of coins. Although roofless, and open their offspring should be according to to the assaults of the weather, the their wish, and similar to that of their stucco which covered the walls, in gift. many parts still remains, and is paiut. The Chapel, an appendage to ed with broad alternate black and Shoreham, stands at a short distance white stripes. The remains of the to the North of the ruios; it has a other tower, Eastward of this, are low

square lower at the West end, inuch inferior in extent and

preserva. and bears the marks of antiquity, at tion. The ruins of the buildings of least as high as Edward 1. lo the the inner court present various foun centre of the village is a beautiful datious, from which the extent of the basin of water, supplied, I imagine, whole fabrick might be traced with from Becket's Well. The bigh sur. tolerable precision. It must have rounding hills which xbut in the “ occupied more than an acre. About conquered valley of Holmesdale” a furlong distant, lowards the East, forni a back ground towards the in the precincts of what was termed tho old park (for there were two al.

* So called in anlient inaps of Kent; it tached to the Palace at Otford), rises is iu dact the upper part of the Medway.



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