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1820.) Proecedings in the present Session of Parliament. per cent, duties granted by the legislature ter of course, and without any previous of Barbadoes for the repairs of forts, the motion. As to the Droits of Admiralty, building of a sessions-house and prison, after deducting what had been paid to and for other public purposes, in the year captors, and for law expences, there re. 1663, he could not trace when this fund mained to be accounted a sum of little came into the sole possession of the Crown;' more than 4,000,0001. Out of that sum but, in the reign of Queen Anpe, on a 2,600,0001, had been contributed for the complaint from Barbadoes and the Lee. public service ; and two several sums ward Islands, the House of Commons ad-' had been given, one in aid of the Civil, dressed her Majesty on the subject, and' List, the other of the 4£ per cent. fund; she agreed to give it up for the purposes

the first of these contributions was, to which it had been originally applied." 1,300,0001. ; the second 40,0001. ; there. It was somewhai curious that, after Queen remained, therefore, about 300,0001. to Anne's acknowledgment that it was not be accounted for. This sum had been her's, that it belonged to the colonies, and paid partly in donations to different that Parliament had the controul of it, it branches of the Royal Family, and partly should neither go to the use of the colo in entertainments to foreign sovereigos. nies, nor fall under the iospection of Par. The expenditure, however, of the whole liament, but make a dead stop, and be had been communicated to Parliament, come the absolute property of the Crown. and Ministers had no objection that, in So it was, but the cause and history of the future, every grant out of this fund should, fact were buried in obscurity: all that as a matter of course, be so communi, was known was, that it was the fund for caled ; but they were pot prepared to obscure pensioners of all descriptions. He propose that a long, and almost immeconcluded with moving, “ That it is ex morial usage should be abolished, without pedient that the House do take into its the most striking proof that such usage, consideration the Droits of Admiralty, the though co-existent with the practice, was 44 per cent. duties, and other funds not incompatible with the spirit of the Con. usually deemed within the coutroul of stitution. He thought it better that the Parliament, in order to make such pro- patronage of the Crown should reward vision respecting the same as shall be con. public political services by property onsistent with the dignity of the Crown, with der its peculiar protection, than that a the interests of the people, and with the democratic assembly should dole out maintenance of the Constitution,"

largesses and favours according to the Mr. Canning opposed the motion. There impulse and force of passion, parly, or was no disposition on the part of his Ma.

So far as the droits supplied jesty's Ministers to accept the boon which any mutive for going to war, be could not bad been offered as an inducement to sell conceive it possible that the vilest mind the Royal prerogatives. The Crown ask that ever meddled with public affairs, ed nothing beyond an arrangement already would plunge the country into hostilities in existence, and do new burden was con for so paltry a consideration.

There were templated, and surely Parliament would claims connected with these Droits, the

“ You are too well satisfied, and adjustment of which, if they were taken it is our duly to see whether we cannot from under the controul of the Crown, sake something from you as a punishment would be attended with many difficulties. for being so easily contented.” Though With regard to the system of the Civil the 4 per cent. duties were given for the List, he advanced various arguments, to consideration of repairs, &c. yet the ori. shew that it was more adapted to a mogin of the fund was the giving of some narchical constitution, than that of the quit rents and the settling of a disputed American government could be ; and he title. It was true that it had not formed would oot be induced by any pecuniary part of the Civil List since the time of temptation to the Sovereign, to strip off Queen Anne, but the power of granting trappings which were neither costly to pensions on it was co-existent with its the people, por dangerous to the conorigin. The observation as to the ob. stitution. scurity of pensioners, might be answered In the sequel of the discussion, the by saying, that among them were, the motion was supported by Sir J. Mackinillust: ious William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, tosh, Mr. Marryatt, Sir J. Newport, Mr. and Edmund Burke. But to prevent any J. Macdonald, Sir R. Wilson, Mr. Tiere abuse from concealment, his colleagues ney, Sir J. Yorke, and Mr. W. Smith ; and himself would consent that the amount and opposed by Mr. Wynn, Mr. Vanof the fund, and its application, should be sittart, and Mr. B. Bathurst. On a dilaid anqually, before Parliament, as a maj, vision, it was negatived by 273 to 155.

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· TRIALS OF THE CATO STREET CONSPIRATORS

FOR HIGH TREASON. In our last Number, p. 367, we briefly. passage, Brooke's.market. I am a shoes noticed the trial and conviction of Thistle.. maker. I was in the Royal Regiment of wood, logs, Brunt, Tidd, and Davidson. Horse Guards. It is 18 years last Christ-. The circumstances relative to this hor. mas since I left them, I knew Brunt at rible Conspiracy were also fully detailed Cambray, in France, he went then by the in page 165.

name of Thomas Morton, it is 18 years 'The counts of the Indictments were ago since I first knew him. I kuow Tbisfour : - The first and second counts were tlewood. I knew him first on the 16th of under the statute of Edward III. and January last. He then lived in Stanhopecharge the prisoners, first with compassing, street, Clare-market. I was introduced imagining, and intending to depose the to him by Brunt and Ings. I saw him at King; and secondly, with compassing, his own place. We had some conversa-, imagioing, and intending to excite rebel. tion together. When I went in, Brunt, lion and war against the King, and put said to Thistlewood, this is the man I was him to death.

speaking to you about. Thistlewood said, The third count was on the statute of " You were once in the Life Guards ?»; George III. and charged the prisoners I said, “No, I was not, I originally bewith compassing, imagining, and intenda, longed to the Blues.” Thistlewood said, ing to levy war, in order to compel the “ You are a good swordsman ?” I said, King to change bis measures and counsels. “ I could use a sword to defend myself,

The overt acts charged were: - First, but I could not use it very expert, as I “ Meeting, conspiring, and consultiog, to had not used any arms for a long time." devise, arrange, and mature plans and Thistlewood said, there was no one who means to subvert and destroy the Consti. was worth 101. who was worth any thing, tution and Government of this realm, as for the good of his country. As to the by law established.”

shopkeepers of London, they were all a. Second :-“ Conspiring, &c. to stir up, set of aristocrats together, and were all, raise, make and levy insurrection, rebel. working under the same system of govern, lion, and war against our Lord the King ;

He should glory to see the day and to subvert and destroy the Constitu that all the shops were shut up and well tion and Government of this realm, as by plundered. He then alluded to Mr. Hunt, law established.”

and said he was a d-d coward, and were Third: “ Conspiring, &c. to assas he (l'histlewood) to go to Whiteball, he sinate, kill, and murder, divers of the was sure he would find bis (Hunt's) name Privy Council of our Lord the King." there, as a spy to Goveroinent. He then

Fourth: -" Procuring, providing, and turned the conversation to Cobbett, and having large quantities of arms, with in said, he was equally the same as Hunt, tent thereby to arm themselves and other and for all his writings, he had no doubt, Traitors, in order to assassinate, kill, and he was also a spy. This ended the con. murder divers of the Privy Council.” versation then, I was afterwards confived

Arthur Thistlewood having been placed for debt in Whitecross-street prison. The at the Bar, the Attorney General opened next interview I had with Thistlewood was, the case for the Crown, and detailed to on the 16th, at the White Hart publicthe Jury the plans and proceedings of the house. It was in a room in the back yard. conspirators, as developed in the following Thistlewood was present, and Ings, Brunt, evidence; from the whole of which he and Hall; and before they broke up, drew the conclusion that the prisoner at Tidd. On the 17th I went to prison, rethe bar was guilty of the treason laid to his mained 14 days there, I came out on. charge. The Learned Gentleman's speech Sunday, the day after the death of the occupied the attention of the Jury for King. I saw Thistlewood on the Monday. nearly two hours.

evening following. I saw him in the same Before the first witness for the prosecu floor in the house where Brunt lived, in a tion was put into the box, all the prisoners back room. This was in Fox-court, Gray's named in the indictment were brought up, Inn-lane. There were Brunt, Ings, Hall, with the view, we suppose, of having an and Davidson, present. There was anoopportunity of hearing the evidence, it ther particular took place that night. To, being principally the same which was to the best of my recollection, I met them be adduced against most of them. They next on the Wednesday ; (by them he entered the Court with much apparent in. meant Thistlewood, Brunt, Davidson, Hardifference.

rison, and Ings.) I went into the room The first witness called was - Robert and saw a number of pike-staves, and Adams, examined by the Solicitor-Gene Thistlewood wanted to have them ferruled. ral. -- I live at No. 4, Hole-in-the-wall Thistlewood then asked why Bradburo (the

prisoner)

1820.)
Trials for High Treason.

455 prisoner) was not present, and he added, day night, next Wednesday we will go to that Bradburn was “entrusted with money work." It was said they were all sworn to purchase ferrules, and was not satisfied that they would not wait any longer. lest he should not buy them. The staves Thistlewood proposed they should meet were green, and seemed as if they had the following morning at nine, to drav just come from the country. Thistlewood out a plan to go by. Thistlewood said to said he would not give a damn for a man Brunt, “ You had better go round this who would spend the money in such a afternoon and mention it, in order to have way. I do not recollect any thing fur. the committee to-morrow."-Brunt said, ther then. The meetings were held twice he did not think he should be able to go, a day from thence to the 23d of February. as he had some work to do, but he would The room was hired by Brunt for ings; go on the next morning, and perhaps he Brunt said so. I remember one circum- might see some of them ; it was not nestance that occurred; one evening, about cessary to bring a great many. Brunt ten days before the Cato-street business, appeared to be leaving the room then, I went in and saw Harrison, Thistlewood, and Thistlewood called to him, and said, and Brunt. Harrison said, he had been “O Brunt, it will be highly necessary speaking to one of the horse guards, and he for those ihat come to-morrow morning to had told bim that the whole of them would bring arms with them, in case any officers be down at Windsor at the King's funeral; . should come up." On which Brunt said, and Harrison said, this would be a good D-n my eyes, if any officer should opportunity to do something that night come in here, the time is now so near, I (the vight of the funeral.) Thistlewood would run bim through the body. I would said, it was a good place, and added, that murder him here, sooner than we should if they could get the two pieces of cannon be discovered.” On the next morning I in Gray's-inn-lane, and the six pieces ju went there about 11 o'clock. It was a the Artillery-ground, they could so help little dark in my eyes when I went in themselves as to have possession of Lon- after the snow. There were Thistlewood, .don before morning ; and he said, that Brunt, Harrison, Cooke, Bradburn, Tidd, whep the news should reach Windsor, the Edwards, Wilson, myself, and another. soldiers would be so tired as not to be W. Cooke, on looking round the room, able, when they came back to London, said, “ There are twelve in the room, and to do any thing ; but that by activity, I think it enough, to form a committee." some might go to Hyde-park, and pre Thistlewood proposed that Tidd should vent any person or messenger from going take the chair. Tidd took, the chair, and to Windsor. He also said that they should sat with a pike in his hand. Thistlewood go over the water and take the Telegraph, was on his right, and Brunt un his left. to prevent any communication with Wool. Thistlewood said, "Gentlemen, you all wich. He then said that they should form know what we are met for;" and then he a Provisional Government, and send to the turned to the door, as if unwilling to mensea ports to prevent any gentleman from tion and said, “ the West end job.” leaving England withont passports. He Brunt said, “Dan my eyes, name it." particularly mentioned to send to Dover, On which Thistlewood again said, “ GenBrighton, Margate, and Ramsgate. He tlemen, we are come to the determination said the present family had inberited the to do this job, that we are talking about throne long enough, and it was no use for so long, and as we find there is no probathe present King to think of being crown. bility of meeting them (Ministers) altoed. Brunt and Ings came in after this, gether, we shall, if no opportunity occurs and Thistlewood mentioned to them what of doing thern together, take them sepahad passed; but they said that nothing rately,, at their own houses, and do as would satisfy them but their plan of as many as we can. If we only get 3 or 4 sassination. They had talked at a former at a time we must do them.” He also meeting of this plan of assassination. Two said, “I suppose it will take 15 men to or three of them had drawn out a plan of do this West end job; and I propose to assassinating his Majesty's Ministers at take the two pieces of canuon in Gray's. the first public dinner they had. They inn-lane, and ihe six pieces in the Artiltalked of assassination at every one of lery-ground.” He proposed Cooke to their meetings. I could not say there lead this party, and he himself would 4. 'were pikes in the room before this. I met coinmand. He said they should take the them on Saturday, the 19th of February. Mansion House as the seat of the Proat eleven or twelve in the forenoon. I visional Government. They were vext to saw Thistlewood, Davidson, Brunt, Har.. take the Bank of England; and Palin rison, Ings, and Hall. They were all set should be the man who should set fire to round the fire, and seemed in a conversa- , the barracks and several parts of London.

tion betwixt themselves. They all got up This was the principal part of the plan, ..and turned round, and said, “ It is agreed, but if any thing else occurred before

if nothing turns out before next Wednes. Weduesday, they would think of it. Brunt

was

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[May, was then going to put a proposition which Jike a lion, and said, “ Adams, you have he had for assassinating Ministers, but acted dd wrong." Brunt said so too, Thistlewood said, bis plan should be first and added, " whatever you have to comput from the chair, as they were nearly municate you have no business to comall agreed on it. He desired the chair. municate but to me and to Thistlewood." man to ask if any of them had any thing Witness said, it concerned all, and be to say, and that they should say it; but should tell all of it. They repeated the none of them saying any thing, the plan same observations. 'They talked of call. was carried unanimously. Brunt then ing a meeting of the Mary-le-bone union. came forward with his plan, which was, as they wanted some money ; and Brunt that they should assassinate as many of' said, it would be of no use for that purhis Majesty's Ministers as possible; ibat pose. Witness and Potter went in the they should draw lots to assassinate some evening to the While Hart. Palio and of the Ministers ; and whoever the fellow Bradburu joined them. Next morning was on whom the lot fell he should mure they were there too, and with them Thistle. der the Minister, or be murdered himself; wood, Tidd, Ings, Harrison, and Brunt, and that if any man failed in the attempt, Edwards came and told them there was he (Brunt) swore by all that was good he to be a cabinet dioner next night. Thistleshould be run through the body. On wood said he did not think it was true. A which I got up, and said, “ Mr. Bruvi, newspaper was sent for, and read by This. do you think it possible for a man to at. ilewood. He then read that they were to tempt such a thing and not succeed in it; dine at Lord Harrowby's, Grosvenor. and do you mean to say he should be run square. Brunt then said, “ I'll be dd through the body for not doing it ?" To if I don't believe there is a God. I have which he said, “I do not; if a man should often prayed that he would bring all these attempt it and not succeed, he is a good thieves together, iu order to destroy them. man; but if he shows any cowardice, he He has answered my prayer.” Thistledeserves to be run through the body." wood proposed that they should form a This proposition of Brunt's was then put committee and sit immediately. Wito to tbe meeting. Soon after this, Palin, ness took the chair, Thistlewood pro.Potter, and Strange came in. They were posed immediately a fresh plan to be welcomed, and were desired to sit near the formed respecting the assassination. Witfire, as they were wet. Palin said, “ There ness expressed a hope that they had paid is one thing I want to know; if it can be due consideration to what he said yesterdone, it will be a great assistance to our day. All got into confusion. Harrison plan: I want to know what men are to said, “Do that man who attempted perform each part of the plan, and who to throw cold water on the plan, but he are to take the canyon. I want to know, would run him through with the sword.” in calling upon the men, whetber I can Witness left the chair and Tidd took it. tell them in part or whole what is to be Brunt moved that a watch should be set done." The chairman said, “I don't see 00 the Earl of Harrowby's house that where the harm is of telling wbat is to be night. The object was to see if any men done.” Palin, seeing he had that liberty, or soldiers went into Earl Harrowby's. sat down quite satisfied. Nothing regu. Two were to go at six, to be relieved at lar was transacted in the chair after that. nine, and they were to continue till twelve. Thistlewood said, “O Brunt, that is well The watch was to be resumed at four next thought of, as Palin is here : you and morning. Thistlewood said, he hoped they Palin go and see if the house near Pur. would be satisfied that no officers or sol. nival's Inn, is fit for setting fire to.” They diers went in. They would do what they went (Palin and Brunt), and reported it had determined to-morrow evening : and would make a dd good fire. Thistle added, that it would aoswer their purpose wood talked of getting means for a treat much better than to attack their bouses on Tuesday and Wednesday. Brunt said, separately, when only two or three could he would be dd but he would contri. be got together. Here they would have bute the only 11. note he had earned for 14 or 16; a rare haul to murder them a long time. They proposed the White all. “I propose,” continued he, "when Hart for the house. Thistlewood pro the door is opened, to rush in, seize the posed his own room, but afterwards thought servants, present pistols, and threaten to it would not do, as it might lead to sus. kill them if they make any noise ; two to picion. This was all on the Sunday morn take the entrance to the stairs upwards, ing. On Monday morning they met again. and two others to the stairs at the lower Witness then told them what Hobbes told part of the house, armed with blunderhim on Sunday night, of inquiries made busses and hand, grenades : and if any respecting radical neetings at his house, attempt to pass, to throw hand grenades and that information was given at Bow. and destroy them all. Others are to go street office, and at Lord Sidmouth's where the Ministers are, to murder thote ofice, Harrison tumed round on witness all. If there shall be any good men, kill

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1820.)
Trials for High Treason.

457 them for keeping bad company." All per to write bills on. Witaess said cart. agreed. Ings said, he would go first, with ridge paper would do. The paper was a brace of pistols and knives. The two brought, and table and chair were got. swordsmen would cut off all their heads, The bills were then written; they were and Castlereagh's and Sidmouth's should to be set on the houses, to let the people be Aung in a bag by themselves. He know what bad been done. Thistlewood added, “I shall say, iny Lords, I have read as part, “Your tyrants are destroy. got as good-men here as the Manchester edhe friends of liberty are called upon Yeomanry; enter citizens, and do your to come forward-the Provisional Govern. duty." Harrison and witness were to be ment is now sitting. James Ings, Secre. swordsmen. After the execution of Lord tary. February 23d.” Thistlewood was Harrowby, at his house, Harrisoo pro much agitated, and could write only three. posed that some should go to King-street Another bill was written, which was an adbarracks, and set fire to the premises by dress to the soldiers. Another person was throwing fore into the straw in the stable. employed to write it, and Thistlewood dic. Harrison and Wilson were to go to Gray's tated to him. He saw lngs in the room Inn-lane, and in case they could not carry while the bills referred to were writing. the cannon out of the military school, they Ings was engaged in preparing himself as were to wait till a party came to assist to the manner in which the Ministers were them. Thence they were to proceed 10 expected to be assembled. He put a belt. the Artillery barracks, to assist Cooke in round his waist, in each side of which he taking the cannon there. If they found placed a brace of pistols. He also had a their strength sufficient to proceed, they cutlass by his side, and a bag on each of were to advance to the Maosion house, his shoulders, somewhat in the way that and plant three of the cannoo on each soldiers carry their haversacks. Wben side of the Mansion-house, and to de thus equipped he 'exclaimed, mand it. If it were refused, they were to eyes, I am not complete yet;" on which fire, and then it would be given up. The he took out a large knife, which he branMaosion-house was to be made the seat dished as if he were proceeding to cut for the Provisional Government. The off heads. He theo said that he meant to Bank of England was next to be taken. cut off and put the beads of Lords Castle. They would take the books, which would reagh and Sidmouth into the two bags enable them to see farther into the villainy which he carried, and also to cut off the of the Government. The further parts of right hand of Lord Castlereagh, with a the plan were delayed till Wednesday. view to cure and preserve it, as it might: - They agreed upon a sign and countersigo. be thought a good deal of at some future

The word was “ Button ;" the man who time. The knife which he brandished had came up was to say Bou-t, the other was a broad blade, and was about twelve inches to reply t-o.n. Being asked as to the long; all round the handle a wax end was watch, witness said, there are other things twisted, which, as logs said, would enable which I wish to state. I went there next him to keep a firmer hold of it. They bemorning, and found Edwards, Ings, and gan to leave the room about half-past four llall, making fuses for the hand-grenades. or five, to go about the business. Palin Davidson went on watch at six. Witness came in half an hour before. Palin said and Brunt went to relieve the watch. They they ought to be aware of what they were saw Davidson in the square, on the watch. about, and to think within themselves They went into a public-house, where whether they were to do their country ser. Brunt played dominoes with a young man. vice or not, and whether the assassination About 11, they went out juto the square,

would be countenanced by their country. and walked for some time, till witness got If they thought their country would join ashamed of himself. They went away at

then the man who Ainched should 12 o'clock. He went next day to Fox be run through on the spot. Unless they court, between two and three.' He found came to this determination, they would do Brunt there. Strange came in, and in a no good. A tall man came in, and asked few minutes after, two more strangers. what the business they were about was. Strange and another were trying the fints. Witness had never seen him before. The They went into a back room to avoid the fall man said, if they were to serve their strangers, where witness saw.cotlasses, country, he was their man, and if any one blunderbusses, &c. Thistlewood, Ings, and was afraid of his life, he ought to have no. Hall came in. Thistlewood said, “Well, thing to do with such a concern as that. my lads, this looks like something to be Thistlewood was then gove. Brunt was done.” He touched witness on the shoul. toid, that enquiries were made by some der, and asked how he was.

Witness re who were present, as to the plan they were plied, that he was very unwell, and io low about. Brunt said, that was not the room spirits. - Thistlewood sent for beer and for telling that; but they should go with gin., Thistlewood then 'wanted some pa. him and they would know. Brunt proGENT. Mag. May, 1820.

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