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1820.) Antiquarian and Philosophical Researches. 443 the years 1817-18-19; with numerous gustus von Kotzebue.

Trapslated from tables, and an appendix containing va.

the Germani. rious documents, illustrative of its gene. Antient Spanish Romances, relating to ral history, and the system and manage the twelve Peers of France, mentioned in ment adopted for its suppression. By “ Don Quixote;" with English metrical WILLIAM HARTZ, M. B. physician to the Versions, by T'HOMAS RODD; preceded by King's Hospital and to the Prisons of the “ History of Charles the Great and Dublin,

Orlando ;” translated from the Latin of
Spanheim.

Methodism, a Poem.
Preparing for Publication.

Locheil ; or, The Field of Culloden, a A General History of the House of Novel. Guelph, or Royal Family of Great Bri. Early Education. By ELIZABETA 'APtain, from the earliest period in which the PLETON, Author of “ Private Education," name appears upon record, to the Ac &c. cession of his Majesty Kiog George the Poem on the Accession of his Majesty. First to the Throne. This work has been By the Rev. L. T. BERGUER. compiled from authentic and official do. Stories founded on facts. By Mrs. cuments, preserved in the Archives, and Grant, of Croydon, Author of “ Sketches in the Royal Libraries of Hanover and of Life and Manners,” and “ DelineaBrunswick, and to which access was pro. tions of Scenery," &c. cured by the liberality and powerful influence of his Royal Highness the Duke PROGRESS OF LITERATURE AND Civili. of Clarence, during his late residence in Germany.

The Pacha of Egypt has sent several The Second Part of Mr. Cotman's An- youths to Milan to study the Sciences tiquities of Normandy.

and Arts of Europe, under the direction Notes on Rio de Janeiro, and the South. of Sig. Morosi. These young Egyptians ern parts of Brazil, taken during ten are charged with the duty of translating years residence in various parts of that the Gazette of Milan into Arabic. By country; describing its Agriculture, Com. this means the Pacha will have the news of merce, and Mines, with anecdotes illus. Europe, as well political as literary, &c. trative of the character, manners, and transmitted to him, with all speed and customs of the inhabitants.

convenience : if he would also reprint this A Greek and English Lexicon, founded intelligence at Cairo for the information on the Greek and German Dictionary of of the Egyptian people, there is no saying Schneider. By the Rer. J. R. FISH LAKE, how soon Egypt might regain its forA. M. Fellow of Wadham College, Ox mer eminence for letters, arts, and li. ford.

beral studies, as well for commerce, The Literary and Political Life of Au- wealth, and abundance.

ZATION

ANTIQUARIAN AND PHILOSOPHICAL RESEARCHES.
ANCIENT NAVIGATION.

yards by 10. Bones were found in many A discovery was recently made in the of them, but not the least vestige of any environs of the Cape of Good Hope, which

coffins. On the under side of the stone is highly interesting to History. While

which covered one of the most perfect of digging a cave, the workmen found the the graves was the following inscription, hull of an ancient vessel constructed of in rude Roman capitals, the letters in secedar, which is believed to be the remains veral instances joined together :of a Phænician galley. If this appropri

BRo Ho NASLI ation be just, there is no longer room to

IAT HIC LACIT doubt that the bold navigators of Tyre

ET VXOREM CAVNE had reached the South point of Africa:

This stone is preserved for the inspecand if they actually gained that point, tion of the curious, and may be seen, we may also infer that they navigated also together with some of the bones, at Penthe Eastern Ocean.

trefolias. The oldest inhabitants bare not

the least recollection of bearing any thing HOLYHEAD Road.

concerning these graves, but it is very Whilst cutting through the corner of a probable, that at a remote period this field, called in Welsh Dol Trebeddw, in place was the scence of some of those conthe line of road makiog between Lima tests which were continually taking place and Cerpioge, the worknien discovered prior to the subjugation of Wales, and upwards of forty graves, about two yards that the township of Trebeddw took its in length, most of them cased with rough name from tbe circumstance, Dol Trestones, and all lying in the compass of 20 beddw signifying the field of the Graves.

ARTS

ARTS AND SCIENCES

specific lightness, is the most powerful agent we can employ, I conceive it of too treacherous a nature to trust to it alone.

“ There have been some Life-Boats

CAPT. MARRYAT'S LIFE BOAT.

The following Letter, addressed by Capt. Marryat R. N. to Jonathan Bar, ber, Esq. Registrar and Secretary of the Royal Humane Society,containing a description of his newly-invenled Life Boat, is extracted from the Anoual Re. port of the Society (see p. 463), which sball shortly be more fully noticed.

" Sir, “ In gubmitting to the consideration of the Royal Hurpane Society the accompanying model of a Life-Boat, I am aware that many have already been invented possessing great merit; but none that I have hitberto seen, has appeared to me to combine all the necessary qualifications of a Life-Boat. I shall, therefore, take the liberty to offer to the Society my ideas upon this subject, leaving them to judge whether they are correct; and if so, how far I have succeeded in combining them to the one I have the honour to present, The necessary qualifications of a LifeBoat are as follow :

“ Not to be so liable to upset as other boats, as they are never called into use until it is too dangerous to venture out in other buals.

“ To be of sufficient buoyancy to sup port any number of men that may crowd into her, as without this, quality, in the panic attending shipwreck, not only the crew of the vessel, but those who have ventured their lives to save them, may perish together. In case of being swamp. ed, lo be able to discharge the water, and rise again by her specific lightness. These are the most requisite qualifications of a Life. Boat; but there are others to be considered, which are as follow :- She must be capable of stowing many men, without impeding the ruwers. There must be no weight on the bow or stern of a Life-Boat, as it will check ber in her attempts to rise over the waves, weaken her considerably, and cause her to ship a great deal of water. The form of a Life. Boat should be that of a Whale-Boat, stein and stern alike; her bottom should be almost flat, which would cause her buoyaut principle to be more imme. diately brought into action. Her keel should be deep, to give her a good gripe in the water; and as Life-Buats bave always to contend against the winds and sea, there should be as little dead wood as possible; for the wind, holding against it, would greally impede the exertions of the rowers in a heavy gale.

« The interoal construction of a LifeBoat, should be such as to combine buoyancy with security; although air, by its

[graphic][merged small]

1820.)

Arts and Sciences. constructed, in which air has been the This cork is capable of supporting only buoyant agent made use of : to re weight of 3550 lb. being 836 lb. more medy the acknowledged danger of its es. than the whole weight of men and iron caping, the boat bas been partitioned into work in the boat; and as it spreads over several air-right divisions, with the idea a surface of 4 feet at the bottom of the that the air in one division might escape boat, should the air-tight partition of one from an accident happening to the boat, of the sides be store in, it would suffi. without affecting the other partitions. ciently support the equilibrium of the This is not altogether true, as when the boat, as to evable the men to use their partitioving would prove of the greatest oars and reach the shore. The rest of service at the sides of the boat it would the boat is composed of six air-tight divin be unavailing; as any blow that struck sions ; the bow and stern are divided loneither side of the boat with sufficient force gitudinally, which not only gives the ad. as to stove in one partition, would sa vantage of increasing the number of par. shake the whole length of the plank on titions, and also adds considerably to the that side, that the water would fiud its way strength of the boat. The side air partiinto all; the boat would then be perfectly tions contain the seats of the rowers, who useless, and she would lay on her side. are fixed on them with leather aproos

“ The partitions that can be useful in a round their waist, that no water may boat are only six; as the one side of the enter. This boat is capable of support. bow and stern of a boat, as well as either ing the weight of 128 men, independent of side, may be stove in, without the rest her iron work, which is about double the receiving injury.

number that could crowd into her, and “ To give proper security to a Life-Boat should she be swamped by a sea, her spetwo agents must be employed, air and cific lightness is such, that the water would cork; the quantity of cork should be suf- immediaiely discharge itself through the ficient by its buoyancy to support the holes at the bottom, and she would rise whole weight of the crew of the Life Boat, without any assistauce to her former iron.work, &c. contained in her, provided draught of water." all her air-vessels were stove in ; and it

Music. should be so placed, that under any cir. cumstances the boat would sufficiently

An invention has recently been perfectpreserve her equilibrium, as to enable ed for turning the leaves of music by the the men to reach the shore.

foot, instead of the hand. The machine “ The model of the boat I have the ho

consists of five distinct movements. The nour to present, is on a scale of 30 feet

first turns the leaf, the second turns it long, 8 feet wide, and 3 feet deep. The

back when a da capo is required; the third form, as will be perceived (see the E1

secures the second leaf while the first is graving in preceding page), is nearly flat,

turning; the fourth shifts the second lever keel deep, bow and stern alike. To give

into the place of the first; and the fifth her the first qualibcation, the men are

action is its return of itself to take the seplaced close to the side of the boat; by so

cond leaf over. It is fixed inside the doing they are removed as far as possi- piano-forte, and is not seen unless used. ble from the centre of motion, and, acting

ROCKETS. upon the farthest end of the fulcrum, re

Baron de Zach announces, that Capt. ciprocally combine to restore the equilibrium that the boat may lose from the

Schumaker (brother of the Astronomer violence the sea. The oars are pulled

Royal, Copenhagen) has invented a Roc.. upon an iron outrigger, which (although

ket superior to Congreve's, both in force it may add a liule to the weight of the

and in the precision with which they are boar) gives the men more power, and

thrown. A new corps has been formed to enables them to row with ease : supposing

use. These missiles. They ascend to an that if the boat was crowded with men,

immense height, and then exhibit a globe the bow and stern are both covered in 57

of fire, which may be seen at a distance feet in two air-tight partitions, upon which

of seventy miles. no person can be placed, so as to check

CHEMISTRY. her in rising over the waves: and the Among the discoveries of Chemistry in centre of the boat, where the men are to the present day, may be reckoned the be stowed, is so secure, that it is impos process of converting into sugar, even sible they could be washed out, unless the linen rags.

M. Henri Barconnor, speak. boat is upset. The interior construction ing of the crystallizable sugar he obtained, of the boat is as follows:

-The centre is says, " I was led accidentally to this 19 feet long, 4 feet broad; at the bottom result by treating a solution of the acid of this ceotre part of the boat is one solid mucilagenous mass, produced by the ac. foot of cork extending over the whole ; tion of sulphuric acid on linen, with the this is pierced and grated over, to allow oxide of lead, subjected to a long conti. free passage for any water she might ship. pued beat of 1000 centigrade; but after

446
Arts and Sciences.

(May, baving passed through the liquor a cur- pleted, which opens a new and inexhaust. rent of sulpburated hydrogen gas, to pre ible source of information to those who cipitate the lead contained in solution, are afflicted by the privation of sight. It and after evaporating it, I was agreeably is called a Dupplex Typograph, and ensurprised to see that the whole of the ables the blind to receive and communi. gummy matter was entirely converted into cate ideas by means of letters, upon a an acid sugary mass. I digested this mass principle adapted to the sense of feeling. with concentrated alcohol, by which the The apparatus is compact and portable, vegeto-sulphuric acid was dissolved ; the and the system so simple and intelligible, sugary matter remained a little coloured, that it may be acquired by the blind in a and of a very fresh flavour. Twenty-four very short space of time, and its appli. grammes (370. gr.) of old cloth well cation is instantly comprehended by others. dried, were reduced into mucilage by 34 grammes (525 gr.) of sulphuric acid, ob COLOURED ARTIFICIAL STONES. serving the precautions before indicated ;

A very curious and apparently excelthe acid mixture dissolved in a certain

lent Memoir upon the subject of artificial quantity of water, precipitated the ligneous stones, and the best manner of manufac, matter a little altered; when dried it

turing them, has lately appeared in Paris, weighed 3.6 grammes (55.5 gr.) This,

in the Report of the “ Society for the Enwhen evaporated, yielded 23.3 grammes couragement of National Industry.” It (359.8 gr.) of sugary matter of the con

is written by M. Doualt-Wieland, a jewelsistence of syrup; at the end of twenty: ler, in Paris. The Memoir gives an acfour hours it began to crystallize, and

count of oumerous experiments made by some days after, the whole was condensed

him, particularly as to the composition of into a single mass of crystallized sugar, what is technically called “ Strass,” and which was pressed strongly between seve which forms the basis and body of all ral folds of old cloth ; crystallized a se artificial stones. cond time, this sugar was passably pure; Strass is composed of silex, potass, bobut treated with animal charcoal, it be.

rax, oxid of lead, and arsenic. The silex came of a shining whiteness. The crys.

may be in the form of rock crystal, saud, tals were in spherical groupes, which ap or dint. Rock crystal affords a glass, or pear to be formed by the union of small strass, of the whitest colour; Aint always diverging and unequal plates. They are

contains a very small portion of iron, fusible at the temperature of boiling wa which tinges the glass yellow; and the sand, ter. The sugar is of a fresh and-agree

the purest sort of which must be selected, able flavour, producing in the mouth a

must tben be washed in muriatic acid and slight sensation of acidness.

afterwards in water, before it is fit for Mr. Brande bas recently found that the

In order to pulverize and sift the illuminating powers of olefiant oil, and

rock crystal and flint, they must first be coal gases are as the numbers 3, 2, and

heated to redness, and then plunged into 1; and that their heating powers are cold water. The potass must be free nearly in the same ratio.

from every other salt; it should be the ROYAL DISPENSARY FOR DISEASES OP caustic potass, purified by alcohol. The THE EAR.

crystalised horacic acid, extracted from Since the establishment of this useful the borax of Tuscany, is the most preInstitution, upwards of 2150 patients have ferable. If the oxid of lead contains a been admitted, the greater number of particle of tin, the strass or glass bewhom have been cured or elieved.At comes cloudy or milky. Minium is prea late Meeting of the Governors, a vote ferable to the purest liiharge. Ceruss may of thanks was unanimously voted to Mr. also be used. Arsenic must be pure. CURTIs, the Surgeon to the Institution. Some persons do not use it at all, and M.

New Plough. – A plough bas lately Lançon says, it is very injurious to the been jovented by the Rev. Dr. Cartwright,

workmen. which works inerely by human power.

The choice of crucibles is very import

ant. With two men to keep it in motion, and

Those of Hesse are better even than with a third to regulate its course, it per.

porcelain ones. The first sometimes coforms its office with as much precision and

lour the matter, from containing a small dispatch as could be done by any common

portion of iron; but the hard porcelain pair of horses and a plough-holder. The

ones, although pure, are very apt to crack, utility of the invention will not, it is pre

and are also a little porous. An earthen sumed, be confined to this object only ;

furnace is the best to use, and the crucibles it being equally applicable to every pur

remain about 24 hours in the fire. The pose for which horses can be employed,

more gently the fusion takes place, and except conveying a burden on the back.

the longer time employed, the purer and

harder will be the strass. The best fuel is DUPLEX TYPOGRAPH.-An ingenious mechanical invention has lately been com

dry wood.

SELECT

use.

( 447 ) SELECT POETRY.

AN ADDRESS *

Thus, that the flowering Myrtle Tree may For the Anniversary of the LITERARY FUND,

Jast,

[Blast; At Freemasons' Hall, May 4, 1820.

In Wiuter's Storms you shield it from the
But when the raging Tempests die away,

You give it freely to the Breath of May !
Written and Recited by
WILLIAM-THOMAS Fitz-GERALD, Esq.

What awful Scenes are passing every

hour, "To hold high Converse with the Mighty Toshew the Gossamer of Rank and Power! Dead,”

The Prince who, once, so ably fill'd that To know what Cæsaa thought, or TULLY Chair,

(there * ; said:

And who, this Day, had promised to be A Guest at Great AUGUSTUS Board to dine, Pram'd in a Mould to look for length of And pledge Friend HORACE in Palernian

Days,

[Praise ! Wine;

Sunk in the Graveour Sorrow! and our To hear sweet VIRGIL his own Lines re Then, ere his Asbes to the Urn were given, hearse,

His SIRB resign’d an Earthly Crown for In all the Majesty of Roman Verse :

Heaven! While the World's Master doff'd the Robes

When WINDSOR's Towers attract a Pa. of Power,

ther's Eyes,

(VIRTUOUS lies!' To pass in letter'd Ease the Social hour

He'll say, 'My Son, there George THE Though Scholars, fancy-fed, such Honours

Then with a Parent's anxious wish to im. share,

[fare ! To them th' Imperial Banquet's empty

part From Classic Dreams sublime, they wake

A Moral Lesson, that may touch the Heart, to find,

[kind,
To the Third George's Reign he'll turn
the Page,

[an Age, That Authors, like the Outcast of Man.

And add-read there for more than half Are often doom'd to slave for other Men,

It stands recorded by the Historian's Pen, The wretched, starving Helors of the Pen!

Our OLDEST MONARCR was the best of And yet that Pen, in Vice, or Virtue's

Meo! Cause, Has power to aid, or undermine the Laws; True to his God! and faithful to his Trust;

Ever Benevolent, Humane, and Just, Religiou's purest Doctrines to impart,

With all the firmness of an upright Mind, Or with the ATHBIST'S Plague-spot laint the Heart :

He liv'd the honour'd Tirus of Mankind! Man, like the Upas, then, with poison'd The more than Trrus-for the World say, Breath,

(Death!

In doing good He never lost a Day!

Amid the Conflict of full Twenty years, Spreads all around him Pestilence and

When Lawless Rapine fill'd the World Your Annual Efforts to relieve Distress From Want's temptation might secure the Our Sovereign stood, with firm undaunted Press;

Breast,

[prest! Root out the Poison from that free Par. The Anchor, Hope, and Refuge of ih’Opterre,

And while a TYRANT warr'd tbe Globe to Which Infidelity had planted there;

enslave,

[save! And to preserve the sweeter flowers from Our Monarch's Heroes conquer'd but to blight,

Nelson, and WELLINGTON, by Flood, and Pluck from the Violet's Bed the Aconite !

Field,

[yield; But when Blasphemers mock the Sa. Compell’d the Despot, in his Pride, to CRED PAGE,

And EUROPE to the REGENT's firmness owes, And fell Assasins demonize the Age ; That glorious Day which dawn'd upon her When the Press advocates the worst of

Men,
Spreading the dire Contagion of the Pen,

Heaven too decreed his Patriarchal Reign, The Real Patriot sees, with heartfelt Though dimm'd by Visions, should not pain,

[bane !

end in pain: That Freedom's Ægis may be made its

When blasted Hope had check'd a Nation's Aod grieves when Statesmen are com.

Pride,

(MONT died !

And ENGLAND'S BLIGHTED Rose at CLAREpellid to bind, (THE MIND : With some restraint, that Cuarter 08

The Peasant's sorrow, and the Prince's woe,

[to know;

The unconscious MONARCH was not doom'd * Being the 24th Avniversary Poem written by Mr. Filz.Gerald for this So. * The late Duke of Kent had promised ciety.

to attend the present Anniversary.

The

1

with tears,

woes.

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