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Review of New Publications.

433 “For that part which he accomplished, temptible; that he conveyed his inforSir Peter Leycester possessed the qualifi mation in a clear and unadorned narracations of natural taste and ability, aided tive, unburthened by extraneous ornaby suitable education, and a mind not ments of diction, or by facts which might only unoccupied by other pursuits, but amuse the reader, but were foreign to his actually debarred by the circumstances of purpose; and that ou every occasion he the times from entering into such as were adhered religiously to what he believed congenial to his station. The subject of to be the truth, however unwelcome it the investigations lay immediately around might be, or however its promulgation him, and had been known to him from might jar with his comforts or his interest. childhood: nearly all the families of the Such were the merits which have elevated Hundred must have been his personal Sir Peter Leycester over every topograacquaintance, and some of the most im pher that preceded him; his period of portant ones were his near kinsmen. The probation is long gone past, as far as collections of Booth and other Cheshire the limited nature of the subject and his antiquaries were ready formed for his manner of treating it allows, these merits basis, and the actual evidences of the se still place him on a level with the best of veral houses appear to have been at his his contemporaries and his successors, and command, in most instances without re as long as memory remains in England striction. He had the acquaintance of of the chivalrous honour, and long dethe greatest of those illustrious Antiqua- scended lines of the gentry of Cheshire, the ries, who seemed at that period to have name of Leycester will be handed down been raised up, by a singular felicity, for to the respect of posterity with that of his preserving the memory of those monu country, indissolubly connected.” ments of antiquity which fanaticism was busily destroying : Dugdale was ready at 98. A Series of Letters, addressed to a all times with communications and advice; Friend, upon the Roman Catholic Quesand Vernon, a local antiquary nearly tion. By Britannicus. pp. 88. Riequal in zeal and ability to Leycester vingtoos. himself, conducted his researches in the

ALTHOUGH so frequently disTower and in the archives of the diocese

cussed, the Roman Catholic Question of Lichfield. “ From advantages like these, a work

must always be considered as one of of no ordinary merit should be expected,

moinentous ioterest. Britannicus has and such was the character of the work argued the question with the supporproduced. A minuteness of detail was

ters of the claims upon their own data, adopted which 'had then never been ef.

and made use of their own weapons. fected, and it was accomplished with a After having clearly established the general accuracy which has never been pecessity of Tests, not only as secusurpassed, and with a labour which they rities for the Protestant Establishonly who have traced his progressive col- ment, but as vitally essential for the lections can duly appreciate. In passing preservation of Protestantism of all this merited euiogy, if it must in truth be allowed that neither the peculiar advan

descriptions in this country, our Autages of the Author, nor the length of

thor proceeds to discuss the Roman time consumed upon the work, could ex

Catholic Question as connected with empt it altogether from clerical and typo

the Revolution. graphical errors, nor from oversights of a

Having shown clearly that the To. more serious description, it is at the same

leration established at the Revolution time clear that neither ability nor labour did vot, and could not embrace any were wanted to prevent the occurrence of such claims as those now urged, Brisuch errors, and if Sir Peter Leycester tannicus addresses some excellent obfailed in this point, it is only to be in servations to such of the present supferred therefrom that his undertaking was porters of the Roman Catholic claims, of a description in which it does not lie

as profess to adopt the Revolution as in human nature to insure perfection. His

their political guide. peculiar excellency appears to have been, that in the pursuit of his object, he uni

It has frequently struck us as very formly resorted to original documents, and strange, how those who profess Whig. was never deterred from toiling through gism can possibly support the prethem, though of the most uninteresting teosions of men to whom Whiggism and voluminous description; that he built must be peculiarly obuoxious. After his accounts solely on what had been having proved that the principles of the proved to him, by regular evidence, de Roman Catholics have not underspising the vague traditions which before bis time had rendered topography con

gone any material change, and that

consequently no change in Legislation Gent. Mag. May, 1820.

has

are

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(May, has become necessary, Britaonicus are indebted to an old and respected enters into an examination of the dog. Correspondent of our own for this mas of Infullibility, General Councils, valuable addition to a Protestant's and the Papal Supremacy, each of library; if the report be correct, we which is treated of in a tenperate, regret that Britaonicus did not affix but firm and judicious manner. his real name, as we are confident

Our Author next discusses the Ques- his doing so would not have detracttion upon the ground of Expediency ed from the merit of his former pro- bis introductory remark upon this ductions. head we think all will admit;

« The term Expediency implies, that 99. A faithful Account of the Proces. some strong and almost invincible neces sions and Ceremonies observed in the Corosity exists for the adoption of a measure, nation of the Kings and Queens of Engthe propriety of which would otherwise be laud, exemplified in that of their late questionable. Hence it naturally follows, most sacred Majesties King George III. that, previous to such adoption being made, and Queen Charlotte, with all the other the utmost satisfaction should be afforded, interesting Proceedings connected with pot only that the measure, if carried into that magnificent Festival.

Edited by effect, would be attended with immediate Rich. Thomson. pp. 99. Major. and certain beneficial "results, but also that immediate and certain evils would

THE powerful interest excited by

the arise from its not being adopted. How

approaching Coronation, renders far the above reasoning is applicable to every particular connected with its the case before us, I shall therefore pro

ceremonial an object of anxious receed to consider, and for that purpose search the scraps of information shall examine some of the principal argu. which the newspapers generally furments which have been adduced in favour nish, açe sought for with avidity; of the concession of the Roman Catholic and those among us who were eyeClaims, upon the plea of Expediency.” witnesses of the inauguration of

He then polices the arguments our late lamented Monarch, which bave been drawn by the sup- proud of reviving the few traces that porters of the Claims from the situ. time has permitted memory to retain. ations of foreign countries, and from But curiosity will not rest satisfied with the toleration granted to Roman Ca. such meagre details ; the imagination tholics by several Continental Powers, is willing to be carried back, even on and proves that the local circum- the wing of a ponderous foliu, to stances of such countries completely that scene of royal splendour which destroy any claim of precedent which is so shortly to be repeated. But might otherwise have been drawn few, comparatively, can number in for the adoption of the United King-, their catalogues the precious stores dom. The authorities of Sir Wil- of antiquity. To supply this defiliam Blackstone and Mr. Pitt are ciency, is the object of the volume then shown to be decidedly against before us. any further concessions being grant The Table of Claims usually preed, and it is demonstrated that the ferred on this occasion is inserted at names of those distinguished indivi- length, and exhibits a curious picture duals have been rather unfairly cited of antient service for instance, at the jn favour of the measure of additional Coronation of James II. concession. Our Author's remarks

The Lord Great Chamberlain of Engon these heads are so able and satis- land claimed to carry the King his shirt factory, that we wish our limits would

and clothes the morning of the Coronation, permit us to give them at length. and with the Lord Chamberlain to dress

lu takiog leave of these Letters, the King; to have forty yards of crimson we cannot avoid recommending them velvet for a robe, also the King's bed and to the perusal of our Readers. lo a bedding, and furniture of his chamber short space they contain the most ex. where he lay the night before, with his tended view of the subject which has we ing apparel and night-gown; also come under our notice. A spirit of

to serve the King with water before and

after dinner, and to have the bason and candour pervades the whole series,

towels, and cup and it would be well indeed if this

of assay." more generally accompanied contro These, it appears, were allowed, versial correspondence. We have except the cup of assay; but, as chief heard it whispered, that the publick officer of the ewry, he had two large

ewer.

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Review of New Publications.

435 gilt chased basins, and one gilt chased in a word, this book is evidently

He received the forty yards of written by a veteran in literature, velvet, and the rest of the fees were who, to a great experience in book. compounded for two huudred pounds. making, joins an itching of meddling

Many others of a similar character, with all sorts of knowledge, and and some of minor importance, are treats of subjects, not to elucidate fully recorded, such as the claim of and improve, but to make a display the Lord of the Manor of Bardolf, in of his universal knowledge. Having Addington, Surrey, to find a man to said thus much, instead of entering on make a mess of grout in the King's a successive account of his pretended kitchen, and that the King's master Lessons, we will call them Essays, and cook might perform that service inform our Readers, that, if the Auwhich was allowed, and the said Lord thor has been successful in some, of the manor brought it up to the by aiming at the simplicity of the King's table. Also the claim of the ever-celebrated Montaigne, he has church wardens of St. Margaret's, failed in many, by filling up

bis

pages Westmioster, to bave the cloth (lying with anecdotes, which every schoolin the parish) whereon the King goes boy has read in his Recueil Choisi, in procession, for the use of the poor. thereby making a salmagundi of new

These claims are sustained by vir warmed - up materials, with dainties tue of divers tenures of sundry ma

which would have been very acceptnors, lands, and other hereditaments; able without the mixture. as well as by antient customs and As it would be unfair to bring an usages; and great importance is con accusation without proofs, we refer sequently attached to the fulfilment our Readers to the anecdote, p. 189. of such as can be properly substan “ An hospital of great public utility tiated; though many of them appear having exceeded its revenues in a season irreconcileable with modern ideas. of national calamity, the treasurers and

Coronations bear a character of no clerk were authorized by the trustees to velty with the present generation; and, request contributions. Among others, as few comparatively can witness the they went to the house of an old bachelor, solemnities of the approaching one,

and finding the door open they entered, we recommend this volume to the

when they heard him scolding his maid

servant because she had thrown half a notice of our Readers; as, froin the

match into the fire, which he observed accuracy with which it has been com

might have served another time as well as piled, and from the spirited style of a whole one. What was to be expected its embellishments, a good idea may from such a niggardly fellow? They be acquired of the magnificent pro were retiring, when he sternly called them ceedings it treats of. The large pa back, and enquired their busines in his per copies of the Work, are a bonne house, Upon an explapation he brightenbouche for the Bibliomaniuc.

ed up, and opening an iron box, let into

the wall for the usual security agaiost 100. Lessons of Thrift; published for fires, he produced a bag, saying, “ It is the general Benefit. By a Member of

a noble charity, and deserves every as. the Save-All Club. Large 8vo. with Ca.

sistance. Here are two kundred guineas, ricatures. Boys.

and if necessity urges, call again. If I

did not scold for trifles, I should not have THIS is rather an odd book ; and this pleasure. They were going to enconsidering its preface, the rules of large in thanks and compliments, when he the pretended club, the approba- gently thrust them out, and shut the tions of the committee, the digni- door.” fied names of the members, “The This was given, long ago, by Le loose bints," the appendix, and the Mercier, author of the “ Tableau de forms of lessons, which are no les. Paris,” and has been since copied in sons, it must come from the pen of all school-books; that of the Turnip, an Author full of eccentricities, versed and the story of Marshal Turenne ; in classical lore, replete with anec and also that of the Stranger at Mardotes, having no small propensity to seilles, and nearly all the anecdotes satire, laugbing at the manners of the from page 193 to 200, are to be present age, continually aiming at found in school-books. As to the wit, and that sort of wit, which, as caricature wbich exemplies that of he says himself, page 207, " is sel- 'the Turnip, we are sorry that a man dom joined with judgment and taste;” of the high abilities of Cruiksbanks,

should

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Review of New Publications.

(May, should have lost any of his time, to racter, can only be effected by agreeable represent such an insignificant anec. manners and chit-chat, he may be welldote.

advised to make his chief dish of longues, That our Author is addicted to particularly that of calf.-N. B. An ignosatire, will appear by the following

rant cook will often add the brain, but it

is wholly unnecessary. extract page 210, on swindling.

“ An itinerant preacher will find his adAmidst the surprising progress of the vantage in conforming himself to brain of Arts and Sciences in this enlightened age hare and addle-eggs. This simple food of slaughter, rapine, and perfectibility (a will be found to mortify the flesh, espething as difficult as the word is long, like cially if the drink be brisk cider, which, school-boy's honorificabilitudinitatibusque), by its effervescence, can hardly fail to inthe branch called swindling has not been spire eloquence. For a little variety, he efficient; and it is particularly necessary may sometimes indulge in a calf's lungs to caution the honest sons of thrift against and liver, or in ox - palates, which an evil more general and more dangerous strengthen the voice to a Stentorian firmthan common robbery. It is difficult to ness of tone. class this art or artifice in any modern " A merchant with his roasted turkey Encyclopedia, arranged according to mal should not neglect the herbs called sage ter; for it may be placed under painting, and speedwell. Mint is also very bene. as dealing in false colours; under sta ficial; and his credit may be much extuary, as it strives to make a figure; un.

tended by the use of any acceptable der music, as it consists in flats and draught, provided it be duly followed by sharps, and trades chiefly in notes; under

a correspondent dose of Henry Hase's the catholic creed, as it loves transforma- cordial. tion ; under poetry, as the expressions A statesman should beware of the are bold, the trasitions violent, and sub- dish called by the actors on a smaller lime, as the gallows; under chemistry, theatre goose and apple-sauce. The fish as it distils the wits and transmutes sub

called plaise will afford an excellent din. stances; under surgery, as it bleeds

ner, and of easy digestion, while gudgeons the patient ; under medicine, as it admi and mushrooms form a nice supper.--N. B. nisters a bitter pill to the sufferer; under At bed-time he should use strong eyepolitics, as it deals in pretences—" Halt! waters, but caution all his friends agaiust do you not see that jail there, where you them, and recommend cordials. may have a snug lodging gratis ?” A fig “ Pheasants, and occasionally young for your jail. I am speaking of all poli- peacocks, may be recommended to a five tics and policies since the world be- lady; though some of depraved taste will gan. But what is human existence ex

prefer beef-à-la-mode, especially that of cept a choice of evils? These are neces. the Swiss cantons. Some even eat parsary evils, and anarchy is the worst of all.

rot's brains, or a fricasee of butterflies. Such is our very nature, that seldom did The most frivolous, who are almost the honesty and power shake hands except to most proud (pride being only a veil to part, as never to see each other more." hide the conscious want of merit), may Aud to show his attempt at low

eat mushrooms, either stewed or pickled. wit, we have only to copy the two

“A lawyer, will find a congruous nou.

rishment in pike and eel. A stock-broker, following pages 155, 156.

in lame ducks. A dancing-master should “Some philosophers have imagined that not neglect the use of thyme and capers. the qualities of the mind, and even na A gamester should feast on pigeons. tional manners, are influenced by the na “ The bottoms of sun-flowers are as ture of the food. In that case it might palatable as those of artichokes, and may be of consequence to indicate the nutri be recommended to such senators as altion adapted to different professions and ways regard the sun; weathercocks being characters. Not being qualified to com rather hard of digestion, though not diffipose a system on this important subject, cult to catch it off their station. Stewed I shall content myself with a few hints. snails are also congruous, as by mere

A young warrior should devour the creeping and cringing they will ascend to Scottish dish called cock-aleeky, compos- great heights. Plaice is an excellent and ed of game-cocks stewed with leeks. If most nourishing food, but is not always to on continental service, he may sometimes be found in the market. Oysters, gaping regale with the head of a wild boar, killed on the rise of the tide, are also not amiss. by himself.-N. B. The tusks are rather A turn-coat should learn to boil his own lobof difficult digestion.

sters, as the chauge of colour is delightful. “ As a young physician will find that A tragic author, if he have only the surest road to practice is to please bread and cheese, may add raw onions, as the ladies, which, for the sake of his chia. in paring them he will excite tears.

A

1820.]
Review of New Publications.

437 comic writer, now at his ease, if he can give the same approbation to the by his wit or wiţs procure a capon or a

abuse of Rousseau and Voltaire, which fowl, should of course prefer the merry the Author has evidently introduced thought. N. B. The same kinds of food

in the 31st Essay, with a view to imwill also respectively agree with the two

press his Reader, that he is a reliclasses of actors. “ An historian may indulge in carp,

gious man: we give him, however,

credit for his principles, which are daube, and ale

perfectly consonant with our EstabWhile History, with her companion, ale, lished Church; and we hesitate not to Tells the sad series of her serious tale,

say, that his book may safely be enDried pears, and all sorts of pickles and trusted to all classes of Readers, who preserves, are also a congruous nourish. cannot fail fioding it both useful and ment.

entertaining. " To succeed as a counsellor, it is

101. A Brief History of Christ's Hospital, necessary to be as impudent as a highway. man's horse; and a choice slice of the

from its Foundation by King Edward the haunch of the animal is named as a rare

Sixth, to the present Time. With a List

of the Governors. 12mo. pp. 92. secret, especially if killed with a blunderbuss, and the master hung in chains. For THIS entertaining little volume readiness and repartee, a salt herring, is the production of Mr. John Iliff with mustard and vinegar, just before Wilson, a grateful Scholar of this the cause comes on, with a large glass Royal, matchless, and most extenof genuine Irish usquebaugh, of the yel

sively useful Foundation. low or brazen colour. All sharp sauces

" The idea of publishing a separate of cayenne, verjuice, and other acrimonious ingredients, are of exquisite utility, suggested by hearing an old School-fellow

' History of Christ's Hospiial was first and all curries especially that of shark.

lament that, among all the accounts of “ A young lord, destined to live at

national establishments and public build. court, should chiefly feed ou calf's head

ings, nothing of a similar nature had and whipped cream, or gooseberry-fool,

been attempted ; and that to ascertain according to the season.

any information, however trilling, it was A beau, young dog, or puppy, should learn to strut in Bond.street, or Pall-mall,

necessary to refer to some History of Lon.

don, or other voluminous work, where, without any dinner; a practice which will

after a tedious search, it generally apbe found to increase his emptiness. He

peared that the author did not enter into may also suck the braios of geese, mixed

the subject with sufficient minuteness to with calf's foot jelly, or, when married,

give the information sought for; or that, that of hart's-horn. For variety, he may eat the thighs of black beetles, butterflies

if given, from not having been educated

there, many errors had crept in, which minced, or other light food. The liule flowering plant, called London-pride, may

none but those well acquainted with the also be used in its season.

Hospital could correct.

" To remedy this inconvenience, was “ These hints will suffice, and the in

the intention of the Writer of this book:telligent will extend them for the benefit

how far he has succeeded, he leaves his old of society and the perfectibility of man.”

school-fellows and others connected with Having now mentioned the objec the Hospital to determine; upon their in. tionable parts, we must recommend dulgence he confidentiy relies; as he Lesson the 13th, or, The Dutch Mer would never have presumed to obtrude chant; and the 42d, On Repairs; we

himself on the notice of the publick, bad particularly point out these two, be any gentleman undertaken the subject cause they are true Lessons, and ought

who was capable of doing it justice.

“ The materials were principally fur. to go by that title; and we venture

nished by the Report of the Education to say, that, if the whole book had

Committee of the House of Commons; been written on the same plan, it and from the various Histories of London, would have been one of the best mo which afforded the means of correcting dern books on economy. We also some errors the authors had inadvertently recommend the Essay on Economy of fallen into; to which is added what local High Life, called Lesson XV.; and information a residence of five years and the 30th, where an account is given upwards afforded." of Flammel's supposed extraordinary Every species of information that fortune; likewise the 32d Essay, on can reasonably be desired will be Hesiod, which shows a great deal of found in Mr. Wilson's History; and erudition; as well as the 41st, on a very interesting article shall be exLaughing and Wit; but we cannot tracted.

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