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Review of New Publications.

(May, the present Management has exercised Here Mr. Roberts makes a very ingeagainst the Author, preceded by a State. pious comparison. · ment of Facts. 8vo. Pp. 207. Fearman.

" Had Guy Faux proceeded to any aet EVERY body has read the Paper of other violence, when he was arrested in the Spectator, where a worthy in his supposed intended attempt to blow well-meaning gentleman took it into up the assembled Parliament of the Kinghis head to wear a turban, because dom? No, he had not. The Conspiramore clearly than a hat, and adopt tors had hired a cellar under the Parliamany other deviations from the ba

ment-house-there was nothing criminal bits of society, which, though per- of combustible materials-nothing un

in that; they had made it the repository fectly harmless, and often very ra. tional, in the end enabled his next

lawful there; they had introduced barrels

of gunpowder-very well, they must put heirs to confine him under a commis.

them somewhere--and, what then? why sion of Lucacy. Writers of Satire Guy Faux was going in among them, might be classed under the same de- with a dark lantern in bis hand; and was scription of persons. Mankind nei. it not prudent in him to do so, if he had ther does or can act upon simple occasion to go there? would you have principle of abstract reason, for $0. had him take a lighted naked candle in ciety moves in a circle of artificial his hand ? he had not set fire to the forms and customs. Particular traing powder, though the train was laid ; surely of circuinstances will, however, give then, he was prematurely taken into cusrise (sometimes) lo singular exhibi. tody, and every one, who suffered for tions of folly, such as was education murdered men! But, Sir, would you se

the supposed intended explosion, were in sitting under a tutor from St. riously have advised waiting till the exGiles's, introduced by members of the plosion had actually taken place? Just Four-in-hand club. Things of this so wise would it have been for the May. kind we are glad to see generally chester magistrates to have stood by satirized; but general satire, to be veuter, watching such an immense mulinteresting, should exbibit strong pie- titude assembled by such men, by such tures of striking effect, like the Works means, and so organized and prepared of Hogarth.

for the most destructive measures." p. 6. The present book is interspersed The fact is, that the mob was has. with many nervous,' inany well-idea'd tily dispersed, because one man had lines; and some very flat and prosaic. been killed by them ; and others The author possesses powers and would have suffered in the same inanenergy; but he adopts a bad plan for per, who merely did their duty. a Poelm-dilutes, iostead of distilling.

Mr. Roberts very properly ob

serves, 91. The Scrutineer, No. II. containing a

" To have the minds of the persons Letler to the Chairman of the Public employed in a large manufactory, disMeeting held at Sheffield, Oct. 25, 1819, turbed by notions of visionary means of on the subject of the Proceedings at Man. bettering their condition, and to have both chester, August 16; to which is added, men, women, and apprentices tempted, a Postscript relative to the Sheffield Gene in the middle of the day, to leave the ral Infirmary. By Samuel Roberts, Au- service of ibeir employers to listen 10 thor of The Blind Man and his Son.declamation calculated to render them Sheffield. 806. pp. 28.

dissatisfied, turbulent, and idle, to make WE shall Jet Mr. Roberts display and worse subjects, is no trifling injury."

them worse servants, worse Christians, his excellent good sepse and ingenu- p. 15. ity in his owo words.

Mr. Roberts says (p. 20) that Speaking of the Manchester affair,

“ A large sum must have been raised he says, p. 5, that it was not neces

by some means or other it is said, sixfor the purposes of debate, to sary, add to the lwenty-thousand already numbers of delegates travelling as they

teen thousand pounds) to keep great at Manchester, or to learn military do from place to place to organize ardiscipline, or to provide arms, or mies, &c. banners, with incendiary mottoes. It

" It is confidently said, that Hunt had was therefore a meeting “ intended

a thousand pounds for the Manchester to intimidate,” if not to mulest the affair." p. 33. peaceable inbabitants," p. 6.

" Never let it be for a moment imaBut they had proceeded (says the gined, that i he enlightened, the indepen. outcry) to no open acls of violence. deni, the respectable, aod the religious



With Notes, Introduction, and Ap- jog as well as proper figure in a couple 1820.] Review of New Publications.

429 part of the population of England (a part “ It was about the time of a controversy constituting almost the whole available with Dr. 'Hawker (which had its origin strength of the State) can be either ca. in some accidental remarks of the Antijoled, led, or driven, into measures, sub. jacobin Reviewers) that I intended to reversive of every thing that is dear to publish Bishop Lavington's Enthusiasm of them, as men, as Britons, and as Chris Methodism; and but for several circumtians. These are classes not to be aroused stances not worth noticing here, I should by trifes. The British lion is not easily have carried my design into execution ; provoked. The most insignificant and especially as I possessed a valuable 'memischievous animals may, uninolested, moir of Lavington, which had been complay their fools' tricks around him; but municated me by the late Chancellor if, presumptuously relying on his forbear Nutcombe and Archdeacon Moore.- Not ance, they should proceed seriously to long since I was reminded of the project molest hiin, a growl or the lifting up of a by some friends, who were of opipaw would disperse them. p. 11.

nion, that the publication would · much

serve the cause of the Church.'—The coTheo follows a reprobation of the

incidence of Warburton's and LaringWhigs, and a compliment to the ton's opinions on this subject, is very present Administration, which

remarkable. •What think you (says Ware know to be just, as founded upon burton) of our new set of Fanatics, called the downfall of Buonaparte by their the Methodists ? I have seen Whitfield's means ; but it is also true, that the Journal, and he appears to me to be as mad Whigs did not, as Mr. R. supposes,

as ever George Fox the Quaker was. These (p. 11) endeavour to conciliate the are very fit Missionaries, you will say, to Radicals, by any dereliction of prin propagate the Christian Faith among In

fidels. There is another of them, one ciple. They neither accepted nor indorsed the bills of the Radicals; they Mission. He told a friend of mine, that

Wesley, who came over from the same only wanted as many as they could

he had lived most deliciously the last to move their political cash from the

summer in Georgia, sleeping under trees, Bank of “ Messrs. Radical Reformer and feeding on boiled maize sauced with and Co." into their own-as they the ashes of oak-leaves; that he will remight otherwise have got fictitious turn thither, and thep will cast off his noles.

English dress, and wear a dried skin like We cordially wish that the new the savages, the better to ingratiate him. Bills may put an end to all these

self with them. It would be well for Vir. scenes of mischief aod folly.

tue and Religion, if this humour would

lay hold generally of our overheated bi. 95. The Enthusiasm of Methodists and

gols, and send them to cool themselves in Pupists considered: By Bishop Laving- and Webster would make a very entertain

the Indian marshes. I fancy, that Venn ton. pendix, by the Rev. R. Polwhele, Vicar of Manaccan and of St. Anthony. ' 8vo.

of bear-skins, and marching in this terror pp. 493. and 312 of Introduction. Whit

of equipage, like the Pagan priests of Her

cules of old : taker. The merits of the original Work,

" . Jamque Sacerdotes primusque Poli

tius ibant, aod of its learned and Right Reve Pellibus in morem cincti, iammasque rend Author, have been too long esa

ferebant.' tablished, to need our commenda. See Nichols's Illustrations of Literary tion; and on the talents or the in

History, vol. II. pp. 66, 65. dustry of Mr. Polwhele it would be

“ I tell you what I think would be the superfluous lo enlarge. He has distin. best way of exposing these idle Fanaticsguished himself in various important the Printing passages out of George Fox's branches of Literature. As a Topo- Journal, and Ignatius Loyola, and Whilgrapher, he has daringly explored field's Journals in parallel columns. Their the mines of Autiquity, as the His- conformity in solly is amazing. One thing torian of two Counties, Devon. was extremely singular in Loyola; he beshire and Cornwall. As a Poet, he came, from the most modest Fanatic that. has long and successfully courted the

ever was, the most cold-headed knave, by Muses. And in his own more legitis that time his society was thoroughly estaba

lished. The same natural temperament, mate profession, as

a Divive, his

that set bis brains on a heat, worked off publications have been particularly the ferment. The case was so uncommon, valuable.

that his adversaries thought all his fana. of the Volume now before us Mr. ticism pretended. But in this they were Polwhele thus speaks :

certainly mistaken. The surprising part


Review of New Publications.

(May, of all, was, that his folly and knavery Churchmen with Sectariais; the Evangeconcurred so perfectly to promote bis end. lical Clergy; Prophesyings, Prayer MeetI think I have gone a good way towards ings; Lectureships; the Exteropore explaining it in the latter end of the first Preaching of the Evangelical Clergy ; volume of the Divine Legation. If I be Spirit of Proselytism--the Jews and Misnot mistaken in Whitfield, he bids fair for sionary Societies ; Visitations; Associaacting the second part of Loyola, as he tions; Sunday Schools ; Sunday Schools, has done the first.'-Nichols's Illust. II. instrumeuts of disaffection ; Mrs. H. More; 109, 110.

the Blagdon Controversy ; Mr. Wilber. “ As an apology for the desultory style force ; Clergy and others giving way to of the Introduction, and the great inequa- the Methodists, who circumvent us by lity of the Sectiona, (which is often not charitable institutions ; the Unitarians, sufficiently justified by their subjects) I Lancaster; Lancaster, anecdote of De must further state that it consisted, as at Luc; Unitarianism ; Infidel Institutions, first sketched out, of a series of Let Schools of Deism; the Bible Society, its ters, in three parts ;' that each Section motley complexion; inward rancour, an. was a letter, or the outline of a letter; der the mask of benevolence; the underand that .to fill up every outline as I wish- taking disproportionate to its object; the ed, would be to extend the Introduction to Puritans attempting the Universities; the a length ill proportioned to the body of present Society; Female Agency ; the work. R. P."

Churcbes; Committee Rooms ; Sectarism The Introduction which treats in a slang; Sectarian ascendency; Sense of masterly manner on Sectarism ; (the of the Faction ; . Any may give away,

the sin of Schism done away; Exultation causes of its success, and the means

and all should read;' Danger of reading of preventing its progress) embraces without a gnide; Bible without Notes; the following important topics : Brown's Bible with Notes; success by

The Separation of the Dissenters from means of the press; Libraries for the the Church of England; the Character of poor; indifference and false candour in the Dissenters of former times; Puritau.

Churchmen; Firmness and Spirit; the ism during Cromwell's Usurpation; Cha. Toleration Act; Qualification of the Me. ter of the first Methodists; Memoir of thodists; the clerical conduct, with respect Bishop Lavington ; the Methodists of the to Dissenters in general; with respect to present day; Conversion ; tbe New Birth; the Papists ; Ridicule; Union in the comthe Regenerate State not a State of In mon cause ; Revenues of ibe Church of nocence; Revivalisin of the present day; England; Tithes; Sale of Livings to be Welsh Jumpers and Irish Shouters; the done away ; Division of large Parishes, Cornish Trumpeter; the Blessed Effects and building Churches ; Dean Rurals; of Methodism on Society ; the Mischiefs

Vexatious Laws to be rescinded ; Canons
of Sectarism ; the Puritans; their suc and Rubric, to be cleared from ambigu.
cessful bostilities against the Church Go- ities, and confirmed by a new statute;
vernment; the first Methodists; their an Revision of the Canons, with respect to
tipathy to the Church Government; Sec Churchwardens; the Curate's Act; the
tarists of the present day, their rancorous Consolidation Act; the Education of the
abuse of Bishops; Invectives against Clergy; the Universities ; Universities,
Pluralities; the Mendicant Friars; Plu Seeds of Seclarism sown there ; Exami.
ralities continued; the Puritans; Plura. nation for Holy Orders ; Ecclesiastical
lities of the present day; Sectarists of Dignities; the Parochial Clergy, their re-
carly times, their intrusion on the Paro. spectability ; latercourse between i he dig-
chial Clergy; the first Methodists; their nified and the parochial Clergy ; Curales
obtrusive character; Moderu Metbodists, to bear the burden ; Preferment of Co-
their obtrusiveness: their promptness in rates; Easy circumstances of the Clergy;
attacking our discourses on public occa Families of the Clergy; Secular Concerns;
sions ; their general topic of abuse, that County Meetings, Vestries; Tithes; Re-
we do not preach the Gospel; Vnitarians creations ; Religious Deportment; the
and Quakers, their railing accusations; Sabbath ; Church Duties ; Evening Lec-
Sectarian insidiousness; affectation of a tures; Itinerants not admissible juto our
conciliating spirit; Triumph of the Oli. Pulpits; Church Catechism; Church Ca-
verian Sectarists, Disappointment of the techism; Mr. Southey; the Bell School;
Innovators ; Sectarists, &c. anticipating the Elizabethan School; Acquaintance
similar success at the present hour; No. with our flock; Conduct in our families;'
velty of a Sect; Hypocrisy; Pretences the Laity, their example; Sincerity of Ro-
lo lospiratiou; Miracles; Official import. ligious Professions ; Anecdotes of Whi.
ance ; Singing, praying, exhortjog, preach taker, and Decease of the good Pastor.”
ing, style and manner, and doctrine; the
Me:hodist Preacher, his familiarily with

Io the Appendix will be found:
Bois Hock; Iliverancy ; Co-operation of " I. Poetry.--Sir Aaron, or the Flights of



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1830.] Review af New Publications -Croyland Inscription. 431
Fanaticism ; the Deserted Village; the laad lascription ;" which, with an ac-
Belle School ; and the Belles turned Bible curate fac-simile, we lay before our
mongers, or a New Plume for Vanity ; Readers.
a Satiric Sketch.

II. Correspondence; the Bible Society;
the Lancasteriau School; the Catholick

Question ; the Merlin of the Catholicks;
Methodism, its bright side ; and Bishop

We shall take an early opportunity

of layiog before our Readers some

interesting notices of Bp. Lavington,
and other specimens of the work.


96. Observations on certain Ancient Pil.
lars of Memorial, called Hoar-Stones ;

to which is added, o Conjecture on the
Croyland Inscription. By William Ham-
per. 410. pp. 27. Longman und Co.

FOR these “ Observations," on a
curious subject, the Publick are in " The diversity of opinion amongst
debted to an elegant and skilful An- Antiquaries relative to the first word ou
tiquary, who informs us that,

that inscribed Hoar Stone, called Saint

Guthlac's Cross, near Croyland in Lia“ la many parts of Great Britain are to be seen certain upright rude pillars, or

coloshire, is well known. It may be sufmassy blocks of stone, which in England

ficient for the present purpose to refer to are called Hoar-Stones, or by a name of

Mr. Gough's preface to the History of nearly the same sound, with all the gra.

Croyland Abbey, printed as No. XI. of dations of dialectical variety. Their ap.

Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica; pellation in Scotland is the Hare-Stane ;

wbere, in addition to iwo very fanciful aod amongst our Cambrian neighbours

sketches, the form of the stone, with its they are known as the Maen-gwyr, and

broken top, and the arrangement of its Maen-hir, the first syllable signifying a

letters, are accurately shewa from a draw. stone, in the plural Meini-hirion.

ing by Mr. Essex. “ Ŝo remote is their antiquity, that all

“ As far as Roman Capitals can extradition of the purpose for which they

press the Inscription, which is partly mo. were set up has ceased, and their name

nogrammatic, it stands thus : has lost its distinctness; whilst the contra


riety of opinion expressed by those writers

who have noticed the subject, has raised
an additional mist of obscurity around it.”


Mr. Hamper divides his elucida-

tion of the subject into three sec-

TAM. tions, the first of which contains the “ Bearing in mind that this was 'recut, potices of different Authors, who and the face of the stone smoothed,' about have incidentally noticed Hoar-stones.

the middle of the last century, and that These are, Dugdale, Dodsworth,

the top of the letters in AJO were eut Gough, Hutton, Nichols, 'an Anony

upon the fracture, and inclined to the mous Writer in 1666 (published by

centre of it, (Preface, pp. xv. xvi.);'! Hearne), Sir Walter Scott, and Row

venture to conjecture that what is called laods.

an I, between the A and the (), is the The second section is “ An Expo- ing above the neighbouring letters, would

lower part of a Cross, whose head rangsition of the name of Hoar-sloues, by the breaking of the stone be completely wbereby is shewn the intention of our destroyed, whilst they were only partially Ancestors in erecting thein."

mutilated. One difficulty being removed, The third is,“ list of places; the luscription becomes intelligible. where they occur, or which have been pamed from them."

HANC PETRAM CUTHLACUS HABET SIBI METAM. Mr. Hamper concludes with a very

“ This connected with ihe symbol of the ingenious “Conjecture on the Croy. Cross, and in allusion to Revelation i. 8;

would convey a religious sentiment, some

thing like the following: * “ Sir R. C. Hoare, in his Ancient His. Christ the beginning and the end we owe i tory of Norli: Wiltshira, p. 113, observes Though Guthlac here has plac'd his Bounthat they are also found in Ireland."

dary Stone,

97. Ormerod's



Review of New Publications.

[May, 97. Ormerod's History of Cheshire. " lo arranging these papers, iu forming Concluded from p. 332.

another collection of additional materials TAE following interesting sketch

in 1657, and in similar pursuits connected

with his own muniments, Mr. Leycester of the biography of Sir Peter Leycester will be found in Part 7. p. 461.

appears to have passed his time until

the Restoration. Two months after this “ SIR Peter LEYcester was born 1613, event he was elevated to a baronetcy, and and completed his education at Brazen.

his work may be supposed to have slept nose College, under the superintendance for a time. The task of collecting was, of Mr. Samuel Shipton, afterwards suc however, resumed in 1664 and 1666 ; and cessively Rector of Mabberly and Alder in 1672, when the greatest part of the ley. It appears from his MS additions

account of Bucklow Hundred had passed to his own copy of the Chesbire Antiqui the press, this part of his labour appears ties, that he resided at Brasenose in 1631, to have ended with the examination of and the two following years.

lu 1647 he the Toft papers. In the following year succeeded his father in the family estate, the entire work was given to the world, in at the age of thirty-four. 'The Parlia. the 60th year of the Author's age, and mentarian party were at this period en the 24th from the commencement of comjoying the height of their success, and the piling. loyalty of the Leycesters was sufficiently “ A controversy which instantly grew marked to expose him to their resent out of the publication, has been noticed ment. He was accordingly committed to in another part of this volume. It contiprison in 1655, with several other distin. nued during the life of Sir Peter Leyces. guished loyalists, but for what period does ter, and from the asperity with which the uol appear, and forced to compound for

latter part of it was conducted, and the his estale by a considerable sum.

relationship and neighbourhood of the “ The circumstances of the times, which contending parties, it must doubtless have excluded the active mind of Mr. Leycester embittered the later years of an Author from many of the resources of employ whose talents and labours merited an ho. ment or amusement congenial to it were nourable repose. probably the means of directing his at “ Sir Peter Leycester died on the 11th tention to genealogical antiquities.' His of October, 1678, in the 65th year of his studies appear, in the first instance, to age, and was interred in the family vault have turned exclusively on the compila at Great Budworth, tion of his own pedigree, and the collec “ Prom a miniature now in the postion of autient documents from monastic session of his descendant and representa. chronicles and other evidences relating to tive, Sir Peter Leycester appears to have The Earls of Leicester, from whom he be had an extremely intelligent and handlieved bis ancestors to have sprung. To some countenance, with a general portly these succeeded an examination of the comeliness of aspect, heightened by the deeds of the Grosvenors, Duttons, and effect of the large wig, and the allier cosother antient Cheshire families with which

tume of Charles the Second. His unpub. he was connected by blood. These occu lished MSS. are extremely numerous, but pied him in 1649, when his taste for local chiefly of a private nature; among them antiquities appears to have been cum are prayers on almost every occasion, pletely formed. In the three following some of which were composed during his years (as far as can be judged from the imprisonment, characters of some near dates prefixed to the several abstracts of relations, and schemes of historical read. family deeds yet remaining at Tabley), ing, evincing a system of close and comhe collected the greater part of the mate. prehevsive study. With these were min. rials for his History of Bucklow Hundred. ogled, charges 10 juries in his capacity of

“ The mode adopted by Mr. Leycester chairman of the sessions, and other pawas, either to form a copious abstracı, or pers of a miscellaneous nature; but noto take an exact copy of every document thing appeared to justify the tradition of possessed by the family, drawing the inost his having meditated a general History of remarkable seals, and writing fac similes the County, unless a copy of Booib's peof the most antient charters, for which digrees, which he had enlarged in many purposes the deeds seem generally to have instances from original authorities, could been intrusted to him. The abstract be cited as the intended basis of such a formed in the houses of the several fami. wurk. Considering the period of life lies are of a much more slight description. when Sir Peter Leycester commenced his From these documents he drew up his Account of Bucklow, the time it occupied pedigrees, referring, by numbers, to his hiin, and the advanced age at which he books and abstracıs; and it is observable, concluded, it is uot likely that he ever that he rarely admiis facts which do not meditated an undertaking which, if exe. appear to be supported by original docu cuted with the same progress, would have Wents within his immediate knowledge, required (wo centuries to complete it.

" For

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