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1820) Hawkins's and Rider's Translations of Horace. 403 the curious architecture of the North taking no notice of this prior transside of the Church, an object of con lation is strange. siderable interest, I may add of beauty, Prefixed are several commendatory has beeu obtained: though it is double versés. The first by Sir John Beauful whether the antieut wall eoclosing mont, who says, the churchyard Inight not have been “ What shall I first commend ! your hapsuffered to remain.

py choice I bave po where met with any no. Of this most useful Poet, or your skill tice of the aotient mansion, upon the To make the Echo equal to the voice,” &c. ruing of which the lath and plaster Mr. Hugh Holland dedicates au Ode gables, and groupes of brick chim

in pure lambičks to him, in which nies lalely remaining, were raised , he alludes to the Knight's skill ia but from repeated and particular ob

Music : servation, aud from various concomi

“I knew before thy dajuty touch tant circumstaoces, I am inclined to

Upon thy lordly Violl; believe that in former times tbis was

But of thy Lyre who knew so much the rectorial house. lo support of Before this happy trial? this opinion, I shall, with your per So tuned is thy sacred Harp mission, furnish the Gentleman's Ma To make her echo sweetly sharp. gazine with the particulars I have

“ | wote not how to praise enough collected, which will be illustrated

Thy Musique and ihy Muses, with one or two copper-plates, as the Thy glosse so smooth, thy text so tough, interest of the subject may require. Be judge, who both peruses : Yours, &c.

Thy choice of Dies is also chaste,

No want it hath, it hath no waste." Mr. URBAN, Penzance, May 3.

If I may give my opinion, pardon Y the date of this letter you will

me, Mr. Hugh Holland, the transla

tion is io general as tough as the : rapidity of the circulation of your friend, and perhaps the Poet sang Miscellany. One of your Correspon his Verse to the accompaniinent of dents in last inonth makes enquiry his own Violl. However, from the (see the letter of " Academicus,” p. specimens given, I do not think that 317) concerning an edition of Horace by Sir Thomas Hawkins. The copy parison with Mr. Rider. Take Ode

the Knight need sbrink from a comwhich I have is the fourth edition,

vi. Lib. 2. and is dated 1638, so that the first edition was evidently prior to that of

Septimius ready bent with me,

Rude Captaber or Gades to see Rider. It is printed by Havilaod, for

And those in hospitable quicksands, where William Lee, and sold by him at the

The Moorish seas high billows rear. sign of the Turk's Head, in Fleel. Tybur, which th’Argives built, O! may street. The Title-page advounces That be the place of my last day; “ The Ođes of Horace, the best of May it my limit be of ease, Lyrich Poels, containing rouch Mo From journeys, warfare, and rough seas. rality and Sweetnesse ; the Fourth But if the Sister Fates deny, Edition, selected, translated, review }'ll to rich fleec'd Galesus hie, ed, and enlarged, with many more,

And thence down to Tarentum stray, by Sir Thus. Hawkids.” The text is

Earst subject to Phalantus' sway. printed with the translation. The

That tract of land best pleaseth me

Where not Hymettia's full fraught bee frontispiece contains two figures of

Yields better houey, and where grow Lyrica Poesis et Imitatio, wbich

Olives that equal Venafro. might excite rapture in the busom

Where the inild aire yeelds gentle frost, of the scarcely initiated Bibliopolist. And a long Spring-trde warms the coast, The impriinatur is dated March 2,

Aud Aulon, fertile in rich vines, 1637. Could there have been three

Envyeth not Falernian wines. editions in less than two years, or That place, with all those fruitful bills, was there a fresh imprimatur to each

Me with desire of thee fulfills, ediliun : When Rider implies by his There let thy due-paid teares descend molto that his was the first transla O'er the warm ashes of thy friend." tion, perhaps he refers to those Odes Your Readers may compare this which Sir T. H. had omilted : but his with Rider's verses, given by “ Aca.

demicus"

I

a

424
Faculty Pews.-Dr. Carey.

(May, demicus" in your Select Poetry, p. Funds * sufficient for the payment 351. I have no time to write more of the expences attending the new at present, but I challenge him to pewing of Churches, there seed not produce Rider's translation of Lib. probably be any occasion for an Act i. Ode 22, ad Aristium; Ode 34, ad of Parliament for the purpose ; but Seipsum; and Lib. 2. Ode 20, ad Mæce- it is the want of such a Fund, made patem; and I will promise that the me suggest a power to enable the Knight shall be forthcoming to meet Rector or Vicar to raise the same by his opponent Rider.-I do not go out a Church-rate expressly for that purof my way for this pun : it is forced pose. I was very glad to bear your upon me by Hugh Holland, for he Correspondent “ A.'s” sentinients says,

upon the subject of New Pewing A grace it is for any Knight

Churches, and pointing out a sacred A stately steed to stable;

building where such improvemeols But unlo Pegasus, the light,

have been made. An Inhabitant of the Is any comparable ?”

Village of Watton, in Hertfordshire, Yours, &c.

C. V. L. informs me the Church there has

been entirely new pewed, and all

the Iohabitants are now well-accomMr. URBAN,

May 6. modated, and that the expence has THANK your Correspondents, been defrayed by a highly respect

“ T. F.” p. 239, and “ A.” for able Gentleman in the neighboure' their

answers to my enquiries respect- hood, who must be considered a truly. iog Facully Pews, but I do not think pious friend to the established Relithe extract from Burn's Ecclesiastical gion and the Laws of his Country. Law entirely clears up the subject. Yours, &c.

MENTOR. My statement pointed out that the descendant of ihe person to whom Mr. URBAN, Strand, May 4. the Faculty Pew was granted, still remains an Inhabitant of the same

P

reader of your valuable pages to Parish, and I wished to be informed, convey a hint to your Correspondent whether an Inhabitant, or his De Dr. Carey on the subject of bis Ansceodant, removing from a Mansion. cient Anecdotes. Though I am highly house to another bouse (or cottage) pleased with his extracts from Valein the same parish, can (if I may be rius Maximus, as well as several of allowed the expression) take the Fa. my acquaintance, I thiok there is culty Pew away with him. We fre. something still wanting. Several of quently see an Advertiseinept for the Anecdotes are related by other sale of Eslater, the right of a Pew Authors with different or additional in a Parish Church included in the circumstances, which surely cannot Conditions in the present instance be uokoown to Dr. Carey, who cerno notice was taken of the Faculty tainly must have an extensive acPew at the time of the sale of the quaintance with the Classic Authors, Mansion-house.

as appears from his own numerous Your Correspondent, “T. F.” is publications; and the oumber of vomuch mistaken if he thinks I wish lumes of the Regent's small Pocket to throw any responsibility alone Classicks that he has published as upon the Incumbent as to the new Editor. What I wish of him, Mr. pewing of Churches; iny only wish is Urban, is, that he would not confine to give him FULL power by an Act himself to Valerius Maximus in every of Parliament for that purpose, and case, but occasionally notice the adto remove those large incumbersome ditions or variations of other authors pews in Churches, that the lohabitants who have relaled the same facts as may be better accommodated; without Valerius Maximus. By doiog this, I which authority I understand that, conceive that he would highly gratify however good and praise worthy bis many of your Readers, as most cer: intention, he cannot remove or altertainly your old friend and admirer, a Faculty Pew, unless with the full

BOTH SIDES. consent of the owner ; consequently

* If such Funds are under the controul it is impossible for the Reverend of the Inhabitants, many of whom are Divine to make the proposed altera. most probably Disseniers, it becomes a tions and improvements, as stated io question how far they would accede 10 my last Letier. Where there are' such an appropriation.

REVIEW

[ 425 ]

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

, upon

91. My Opinions since the Peace. By is within our recollection that, when

Sir Rowland Oldacre, Bart. Buo. pp. 39. on a visit to this gentleman, he gave Longman and Co.

a whole hogshead of labourers' cider THE Pamphlet before us involves to the boys and rustics of his village

a fifth of Noveniber. The which can now possibly agitate the company asked himn the value of it, public mind. The state of the finan- from surprize at such a dodation. He ces is very serious; and to redress answered eight shillings. That same the evil is much like attempting to gentleman was ruined in seven years square a surd number.

by extraneous and unnecessary exThe Author before us, who is a pences: not by expendiog commorespectable writer, argues upon dates, dities, according to the Norman fawith closeness and precision.

shion of exchange, through rents pard lo

page 32, he fairly states the op in kind, but the absolute obligation posite views of the two parties, who of paying for bis pleasures in money, 80 widely differ, that neither can be raised. We are not so unphiloso. acted upon through extravagant pos- phical, or so absurd, as to talk of the tulates, with confidence in the result. days of Homer's heroes, or rail against

Party the first insist, upon the the obvious convenience of money; bigh-price system, by protecting coro or deny but that, under this system laws, the commutation of some of of the old Barons, the population and the taxes for a property-lax, a paper revenue must be ruined; only that currency, &c.

they gained more than by mere 17). Party the second recommends a ney rents. We mean to say that a dereliction of all duties upon corn, commercial nian, like the old Barou, and of other impolitic restrictions supplies his luxuries, in the main, by upon a free commercial intercourse. absolute bartery with imniense pro

Every body has read Mr. Ricardo's ft, under a niachinery system, often (we have heard it ascribed to himn) of more than cent. per cent. ; while, admirable paper in the last Edin. by the landholder, nothing is exburgh Review, in which the views of ported wherewith he can purchase the latter are excellently supported.

luxuries, with a balance of profit. Now it must be self-evident that The landholder's equivalent is 'not plenty is always a blessing, whether cominodities, of which the prime cost it is or is not converted into ino. is often trifling, but a revenue ad. ney, and that such inconvertibility vanced by the population of his patire can only proceed from the plenty country, which, through the improvebeiog general; for scarcity of inoney ments of that country in agriculture, under a banking system oply ensues and those of others, glut a decreaswhen nothing can be made of money. ing market. In 1703, says Evelyn It is madness for a large landed pro. (Memoirs, ii. 79),"cornand provisions prietor to talk of the possibility of are so cheap that the farmers are real poverty.

We knew a gentle unable to pay their rents.” Add to man of 25001. per ann. who had a this (1.) that the capital cannot be regular establishment, and held in 80 profitably employed in agricul. occupation from 1 to 200 acres of ture as in commerce ; (2.) that the good land. He kept six horses, five amount of laxes and rates imposed . inen servants, and six females, besides upon the land is, throughout the labourers. He reared every thing whole kingdom, about 15s. per acre; upon his domain (except beef); and and that a large portion is not worth the same practice is still continued more thau 78. per acre. It there." in the Western counties with success. fore appears iodispensible, to assist As he gained the farmer's profit, it

the landholder and occupier, by supmay be truly said that he had a porting a high price. surplus of at least 2000!. per ann. These are the grounds upon which for wine, taxes, and incidentals. It the necessity of corn bills are founded; GENT. Mag. May, 1820).

and,

426
Naview of New Publications.

(May, and, to justify the policy, it is fur try. The cord grown here costs more ther preso med, that thus alone can than double the price of that raised England be rendered an agricultural abroad: and, by compelling the macountry. We no more look upon Dufacturer to give Is. for what this to be an advantage to England, he could elsewhere buy for 6d. is to than it would be to Hollands for the take that 6d. out of his pocket, for greater part of our arable land in the consumption of tea, sugar, &c. poor; and we sincerely believe tbat which would increase the revenue, a graziog system would pay better. and nionied capital of the country. But the graad evil of the corn laws It might indeed be showa satisfactois, that the poor pay nearly the whole rily, that corn-laws act very unfaof the tax thus created. For in- vourably upon our paval resources alance, a gentleman's butler, with and commerce of the Colonies. And 501. a year's salary, and his board, what is more, coro-laws, as perma. consumes only a quartern loaf per cent measures, are nugatory aod inweek, but a labourer's family with jurious; for if the poor had to pay a uoly 10s. a weck wages, ten such pound a bushel for wheat for ten loaves, for full payment of which he years, potatoes would be substituled must come to the parish. It is a rule, long before the expiration of that that a trade which requires a bounty term, and as grass land brings double is pot worth supporting. The corn the rent of arable, it should seein, as laws also imply a tyrannical limita. if the publick was by such bills calltion of the food of the poor to ed upon to pay a large tax, in order bread, but bacon, meat, and pota- to support a losing mode of cultivatloes, daily become more and more in ing poor soils , because thus they are use, and the poor man prefers them. capable of paying higher rents. Every man who eats meat actually We have stated the case as imparconsumes the produce of 54 acres per tially as we can, but we shall add annums the consumer of wheat only peculiar and obvious evil in such a 14 of an acres of potatoes only three mode of taxation as this. It levies a quarters. Now it is evident, that to cruel tax of not less than twenty, sompel the poor to dine off bread and thirty, or forty additional pounds ebeese is a deduction from the de. per annum, upon persons with large aband for meat, and yet grass land families. still lets for more than arable. If, It must be plain that, as the mass Therefore, we enable our poor manu

of the Houses of Parliament is com. facturers to buy two joints of meat posed of landed proprietors, Minisin a week, instead of one ; and lay ters bave po choice as to adoption dowo our poor land to pasture, arti- of a corn-bill, if required. The qu. icial grasses, or wood, and import merous and powerful limitations of eoru at the low prices of the Conti- the position, as a legislative monagot, ia exchange for our manu. sure, lead however to no doubts, aw factures, the increase of the con to its general cruelty and injustice sumers of meat would keep up the and to many, as to ile policy., But rent of land to a good height. As the error seems to have originated in it is, the cultivation of potatoes alone one grand fallacy, that of placing the threatens the growth of wheat very prosperity of England in its being a seriously; and corn-bilis favour this coro country, and this in the very diversion of crops.

face of the glaring fact, that grass. We conceive, with due regard to land produces double the rent of justice, that, where there are poor arable. But there is a powerful suprales, there ought in equily to the port of this error. All farmers have landholder to be also coro-bills; but not capital sufficient to stock a large we also think that borb corn-bills grass fario, and therefore must have and poor-rates ought to be gradually recourse to arable. Still we must abolished together. We think fur. glut the market, and cheapness not ther, that the idea of making Eng. be the result! land a corn country, is only not so Next, as to taxation. Vader the bad as an attempt io make it a wine property-tax, the amount was saved country. It is vaturally constituted among the middling classes by ab. for a commercial and grazing coun. staining from divner-parties, aud va

1820.)
Review of New Publications.

427 rious luxuries, especially, the con that we are injuring the land holder sumption of wide. But, if the com- by what we have said, for, to judge merce of the country augments, the by the state of pauperism in Ireland, assessed and consumption taxes will events will in a few years bring the increase also. If tou coro be. 338. question, not to Bullum versus Boas. per quarter at Hamburgh, as stated um, or Corn-bill versus Anti-Cornin this pamphlet, and we can buy the bill, but to Potatoes versus Wheat: 338. by 20 or 258. worth of wrought nor is there a position better attest. goods, leaving a profit of 8 per cent. ed, in confutation of the absurd idea upon the exportation, and another of making England an agricultural opon the coro here introduced ; we country, than that such countries are see not why such traffick will not never, simply as such, rich or civi. bear a moderate duty. For, though lized. There are no beggars in Wales; it may be higbly impolitic to grow

but there is little or no money, or that at ten shillings cost, which may laste for, or pleasure derived from, be bought at five; yet it is manifestly refinement, literature, or arts. joequitable that the home corngrower, who raises his crop at a

92. Reflections on the Nature and TenJoss, sbould bear the great burden dency of the Present Spirit of the Times, of rates and taxes, in addition to his in a Letter to the Freeholders of the disadvantage, while the coro impor. County of Norfolk. By the Rev. George ter pays nothing of the kind, fand Burges, B. A. Vicar of Malvergate and Can-yet obtain the same money in the

of Moultov. Svo. pp. 36. Baldwin, markel.

Cradock, and Joy. Before we finally close our remarks, THIS Book is a severe Philippick we beg to observe, that as Church

upon the politicks, &c. of Mr. Coke livings, where the tithes are taken of Norfolk, and his-adherents, writ. in kind, produce a treble gross re ten in the manner of “ Mr. Burke's turn in value to the receipt by com Reflections," by a gentleman, evi. positions so the old land holder, by dently of no contemptible talepls, hig renis in kiod, was far richer than but who would fain persuade the the inodern; nor was he subject to world that there is so good man to. like fluctuation in the value of money, be found, except ainong the friends or such henvy taxation. To relief of Ministers and of Orthodoxy. We the inodern landholder is entitled, in solemnly believe that such persons asmuch a«, hy taking a money rent forin, generally speaking, the best he has alsolutely eofranchised, and and most respectable classes of 80enabled to grow rich, a large part of ciels , bul we are of opinion, that society, who must otherwise have temper aod rational discussion are the been mere serfs. But whether rob- best inethods of increasing their oum. bing “ Peter to pay Paul" is the ber. We recommend to Mr. Burges right mode of relief is another ques. lbe perusal of Bisbop Sherlock's bertion. It is plain too, by the necessity inon ou the text of " Let not then of legislative assistance, that he can your good be evil spoken of." pol levy his burden upon the con Mr. B.'s writings, in the present form, sumer by augmenting at option the irritate only, have merely the epheprice of provisions. We think, theo- meral existence of electioneering retically, that his proper mode of squibs; apd, of course, render no relief is, as before said, the gradual lasting service to the cause: only abolitioo of poor-rates, and commu. bringing down upon the author abuse tation of other burdens to the assessed and oblogoy. We mean no disrespect taxes, &c. because, generally speak to Mr. Burges. They are not the ing, these best shew what persons worst horses, that require a curb can afford.

bridle. We dismiss the subject with observ, ing, that we do not consider what we

93. have said to be worth attention any

The Times ; or, Views of Society;

a Poem, with Notes. To which is added an forther tbad hints, vice colis, por

Appendix, containing various scenes of posely thrown out, like sparks among four Plays, viz. A Comic Opera, two combustibles, to produce explosions Comedies, and a Tragedy, that were writ. of ideas. We mean them only for ten for Drury-lane Theatre, but ultitheses of essays : bul'we do not think malely withdrawn, from the System which

the

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