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1820.] Painting in Profile. - Lithographic View, &e. 413 tion to the curious in family bistory, and Woodcock ; and shell marble I hope some of your readers, better quạrries at Petworth. qualified than I am to extend the in Surrey. Besides the fullers-earth quiry, will give it their attention for pits aud quarries mentioned in the the benefit of the publick as well as First Journey, the chalk-pits of SurDunelmensis.

Tudor. rey yield fine pyritæ, fliot, and figured

fossils. Mr. URBAN,

May 6. Kent. Part of this County is in the VOUR valuable Correspondent, First Journey (p. 222.) The Isle of A. H. in his “


'uriosæ Sheppey is very fertile in most curious et Antiquæ," inserted in p. 220, as- figured fossils, especially pyritised cribes the origin of paioting in pro- fruits, shells, &c. ludus helmontii, or file to the circumstance of an antient septaria, and the stellaria, a species painter having to paint the portrait of gypsum peculiar to this spot. Iron of his Prince, who only had one eye, mills at Erith, Bexley, Crayford, and adopting the conciliatory expedient Dartford.

Some quarries at Maid. of painting him in profile ; but, is not stone, &c. The cliffs at Folkstone, its origin rather to be traced to the Dear Dover, abound with curious fisame incident that is supposed to gured fossils. Mr. Seehl's copperashave given rise to the Art of Paint- works at Blackwall, and a copperasjog itself, and is mentioned by Pliny work at Gillingham, near Chatham. in his Natural History ? viz. The Chatham-dock. Woolwich, the train affection of a young woman of Co- of artillery, and the lands-pits that rinth for her Lover, who observing have immense strata of fossil shells his shadow on the wall, eagerly in them. The clays used for pottery traced the outline, to the astonish- wares, found on the East banks of ment of ber friends. At all events, the river Medway, between Maid. it would appear more probable that stone and Rochester. The great cbalk painting in profile preceded that of pits near Gravesend yield many cuthe full face; the simple outline of rious figured fossils. the features in a side view, being Essex. Harwich Cliff yields fine certainly much more easy to deli- floured and other fossils; and on the neale, than as presented to us in the shore there, and at Landguard Fort, full face.


quantities of amber are found.

Suffolk. On the shores fine amber A LITHOGRAPHIC VIEW OF THE SE is found; and at Nacton and other

VERAL COUNTIES IN ENGLAND: places, large tracts of fossil shells, By

MR. EMANUEL which they call craig, are found, MENDEZ Da Costa, F. R. S. which serve the inhabitants to maSECOND JOURNEY.

nure the lands. (Concluded from p. 308.)

Norfolk. Amber found MIDDLESEX. Chiefly clay and shores.

sand, or gravel ; the clay-pils Lincolnshire. I find not any thing yield some fossils.

very remarkable. Berkshire. Quarries in this county,

Nottinghamshire. Coal-pits in many at Buckland, Basyleigh, Cumper, Gar- places, especially North-west and West ford, Marsham, &c. which yield pe- of Nottingham. Many quarries of trefactions ; also gravel-pits. Chalk stone at Mansfield, Linby, Gedling, about Reading

&c. Iron forges at Bull

well, CamWiltshire. Some quarries, as flag- berton, Clipston, and Cuckney. stone. Quarries between Calne and Leicestershire. Leicester, stocking Chippenham,and Westbrook in Brum- manufactory.' Gypsum at Mount • hall parish, &c. The Downs are all Sorrel. Many coal-pits, especially at chalk'; the famous Druid mooument Mesham, and Coal Overton. A faof Stonehenge.

mous lime-quarry at Barrow, in which Hampshire. The Coast part see in is abuodance of fossil fish. A valu. the first Journey (p. 222 ;) besides able slate-quarry at Swithland, near which, there are iron-works at Titch- Mount Sorrel. field and Sowley near Lymington.

Rutlandshire. · I do not recollect Sussex. Iron-works at Buxted and any remarkables in this county. Maresfield, Battle, Bivelham, Hawkes Northumptonshire. A slony counden, Brightlin, Burwash, Westfield, ty, abounding in quarries of free




on the

414 Lithographia View, &e.- Queen Esther.

(May, stone, which yield curious figured history relates, preferred in the room fossils.

of Queen Vashti, and upon her eleCambridgeshire. University. Shells vation to the Persian throne took the in the gravel-pits thereabouts. Fine new name of Esther, agreeable to the pyritæ and figured fossils in the chalk custom of that nation. I wish to pits of Cherry Hinton,

know what meaning the word Esther Huntingdonshire. I do not find bears in the Persian language? and any remarkable particulars in this probably some of your learned Cor. county.

respondents will be so good as to Bedfordshire. Fullers- earth pits explain it: and perhaps I ought in at Woburn. Aspley, famous for the courtesy to mention the motive of my petrified wood found there. Duosta. enquiry, which I beg, leave to do by ble chalk hills yield very fine pyritæ, saying that, io a variety of portraits, wbich are vulgarly called crow gold.

which scattered bere and there in va. Hertfordshire. Much chalk in this rious parts of the country, in Churcbes county, but not any thing very re in old paonel paintings, &c. I observe markable occurs.

two or three very striking peculiariMiddlesex. Return to London. ties of features ; and am desirous of

knowing whether the name conferred Some Notices relative to SCOTLAND.

upon her, instead of or in addition to Granite quarries of North-ferry and her Jewish name of Hadassah, bears Aberdeen.

in its signification any allusion either Bamffshire marble quarries at Port to her personal charms or mental quasey.


X. V. White marble in Assyot in SutherJand county.

Mr. URBAN, Easter Monday. Collieries at Glasgow. Carron iron-works.

TOUR reverend and very truly reYOUR

spectable Correspondent, the Collieries and salt-pans at Burrow. Vicar of Dudley, will, I hope, excuse stoners.

a remark dictated solely by a desire Strontiar lead-mines in Argylesbire, that upon every occasion the strictest also mines of the Islands of Mull and regard to literary accuracy and naked Morveir.

truth should be manifested by all who Mines of copper, silver, and cobalt inculcate the duties of Religion — at Alva in Clackmannanshire. Hop- which the perusal of bis “ Aodual tour mines, lead hills, &c.

Pastoral Address," inserted in your EMANUEL MENDES DE COSTA. Nomber for Mareh, p. 206, has sug.

gested. Mr. URBAN,

March 11. The Writer, quoting various authoFOUR Miscellany, besides other rities, particularly of eminent Laymen,

advantages not elsewhere found, in support of those recommendations affords an opportunity to those who to peruse the Sacred Volume which require information upon curious sub “ contains the words of Eternal Life," jects of Literature, to obtain a re which is so bigbly creditable in him moval of doubts, and a correction of as a Clergyman, to place in the best errors, by the intercourse between point of view, bas inentioned King men of profound erudition, of which Edward the Sixth and Dr. Johnson it is the medium.

both of them, unquestionably, very I always resort to it with alacrity, pious and devout; but neither the because my ignorance is always re one nor the other, I believe, correctly garded with feelings of candour, and cited as to the facts attributed to not insulted by the asperities of ar. them. However, it would be absurd rogant criticism. It cannot be other. to assert partially what passed colwise indeed, in a work sheltered by loquially betweco Edward the Sixth tbe pame of Urban.

and his Courtiers; and therefore, if My present enquiry is respecting Dr. Booker will indulge my curiosity Esther, the Queen of King Artax by mentioning his authority for the erxes, who, being the orphau daugh- anecdote respecting the Bible, I shall ter of Abibail, uncle of Mordecai, the be willing to concede that point: at fourth in descent from Kish, who was the same time that I beg leave to say, carried into Babylon, probably with it has been commonly understood that King Jeconiah, was, as the Scripture it was not at the Council Chamber



1890.) Dr. Booker. Tour through France in 1818. 415 that the youog Monarch displayed LETTERS FROM THE CONTINENT. that remarkable reverence for the (Continued from p. 296.) Sacred Book-but wbilst at play, in

LETTER IV. his very boy-bood, with some other youths, who must even in those

Paris, August 7, 1818. ir oulden times" bave been imagined

E arrived here an hour ago ; more likely to have been guilty of such an indiscretion as that which for moving about, I take the opporhis young Majesty so strikingly check tunity of sitting down to write you a ed, than any of his Counsellors. Be line.- Amiens Cathedral has no censides, it does not appear that a great tre tower, but only a slim wooden Bible ever made a part of the furni spire, and the West towers are too ture of the Council Chamber; much low to be distinguishable at a disless that papers are there arrayed in tance; but the body of the church is any manner likely to require such a extremely lofty; and it was this stepping-stool to reach them! How which, seen in a direction from the ever, if the Reverend Author will be East so as only to command the so good as to quote fairly; this mis. breadth and not the length of the take, if it be one, on my part, shall Church, gave the wbole of it, in the be most bumbly acknowledged. dusk, the appearance of a massive

With regard, however, to the dy tower. We were at an excellent old ing words of Dr. Johoson, there are Inn at Amiens, the Hotel de France sufficient proofs of bis piety and reli. et d'Angleterre. The floors were gious fervour to prevent his charac beautifully inlaid with old oak, finely ter losing a wbit of its most valuable polished ; and the sofas and furniture ornament, if it shall be fouod (as very elegant. Before breakfast I vifrom the best accounts published of sited the Cathedral, which is so comthat event, and the repeated details pletely surrounded with houses, that of one of the persons who was in at there is no obtaining an outside view tendance upon the melancholy occa of il, unless it were from the walks sion alluded to, there is great reason

without the town ; and this the into suppose it will be found) that your tense heat did not permit our atamiable Correspondent bas been led tempting. The glory of the Cathejoto a mistake : whicb, for the reason dral' is its West front, which is exbefore given, it were desirable should tremely lofty ; being raised as high have been avoided.

as the top of the acutely-pointed roof Once more, Mr. Urban, I beg par

of the pave ; there are two attempts don for this liberty ; but I am sure at West towers, neither of them of that when Dr. Booker reflects upon any consideration, though good as the danger of mis-quotation, with far as they go; but one is higher than whatsoever motive, of benevolence the other. There are three lofty or piety, I am sure, I say, tbat he portals; the centre one is a most will be glad of an opportunity of noble arch ; more than double the removing such an objection to the beight of that at York. Along the mode which he has thought proper interior of the arch are 7 or 8 tiers to adopt, in order to encourage a con of small images ; about 30 in each stant and daily perusal of the Holy tier. Along the bottom or lowest Scriptures, which come more power range of the West front there is a fully recommended to us than by any tier of large statues. The second human authority. One word more. range is a row of windows. The The less temporal concerns are mixed third a tier of about 20 large statues. with spiritual the better. Let the The fourth a St. Catherine's wheel in Clergy forsake all other but those the centre, and two windows on each pursuits wbich belong to their sacred side. The statues are nearly all percharacter, and not mix up politicks fect. The style of architecture is and police with the worship of the the middle Gothic. Within, it is exSupreme Being, and the study of his tremely simple, and the wiodows, pilLaws: and those over whom the lars, and arches are free from ornaHoly Ghost makes the Christian and ment; small lancet windows, and all Protestant Minister an Overseer will in one style. It is said to bave been scarcely fail to recognize the good built between 1220 and 1260. The Shepherd, or to obey his voice. choir is very short, and finishes with Yours, &c. Daaw. a semicircle, like Antwerp, and a low


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Tour through France in 1818.

[May, Lady's Chapel beyond. - The organ way; and a prayer is delivered out was not used in mass. The singing- by one of the vergers, which beboys were dressed in crimson gowns seeches the Saint, that as he leaped in and red coifs, which they wore in his mother's womb, he will preserve service; over their gowns they had the fruit of her womb from accidents, close white frocks, with short waists. that it may live to receive the sacraThere was a mass performed in the ment of baptism. The choir has two Lady's Chapel for à deceased child, side ailes on each side of the centre, and the chapel, &c. were hung with making five. The Tabernacle work black.--Amiens contains 45,000 inha is very rich. The St. Catherine's bitants. The Revolution reduced the Wheel, at the West end, over the number of churches from eleven to organ, has in the interior the twelve five. After breakfast we again visit hours delineated on its rim, and a ed the Cathedral. The side ailes large hour pointer crosses the win. abound with curious small imagery, dow; the circumference is 96 feet. very antient, and representing a se The Priests, as usual, were saying ries of Scripture histories, and tradi- private masses.—I ascended the roof, tional stories also; they have great and in doing this, passed through a merit. · There is Christ driving the gallery withio side the top of the money-changers out of the temple; nave, at the West end, which comthe whole story of St. John the Bap- mands a striking view of the building. tist, Herodias, &c. &c. When the In ascending the wooden spire above head is presented to Herodias, she the centre, the heat was so intense faints away; a circumstance which, from the sun on the lead, that I though it has no foundation in Scrip- thought I must have desisted. The ture history, is extremely likely io height of this spire is 400 feet, but I have been the case. If 'Shakspeare only ascended to a gallery about 100 had worked up the account, he would feet short of the summit. . There are have made ber do so.-John the Bap- woods, gardens, and pastures, and a tist is the grand favourite at this Ca- small river, near the town; but the thedral; for it-luckily bappens, that distance is, as usual in this country, they are in possession of the identical open corn fields, as far as the eye can head of the Baptist, which is placed reach. The different shades of grain in a crystal, on a canopy, in one of appeared something like a tailor's the 26 chapels which surrouod the card of patterns. On our return from church. Men and women are conti- the Cathedral, we got one of our 257. nually resorting thither to kiss the bills cashed at the Banker's, and only relick, and make offerings, which received 587 francs, or 241. 98. 2d. may either be public, in a dish which English, the exchaoge there being stands by the head, or private, in a 23f. 50c.; and nearly one-half of this hole made in the table or pedestal in sum we were obliged to accept in sil. which the head is laid. The only re ver.- We afterwards proceeded to mains of it are the nose, the sockets view the Hall of Congress, in which of the eyes, and the upper jaw; the the Treaty of Amiens, in 1802, was lower jaw is gooe. On the 12th of signed ; and a Merchants Hall, or December, 1206, which was a few large covered building, like Exeter years before the present fabric be- Change, in which a variety of goods gan to be erected, a printed paper are exposed to sale; and at which we purchased of the Sacristor o'clock returned to our Inn. At two, states, that Wallon de Sarton, a Ca- the thermometer iu the shade was 86. .non of Amiens, brought the head -At five, we proceeded by Hebefrom Constantinople, to which place court and Flers to Breteuil, and slept it had been removed many centuries at the Angel Inn. At nine, the therbefore, from Jerusalem. There is no mometer was 76. Breteuil is a sinall doubt they have had it at Amiens for town, with nothing remarkable. six centuries. The pillars and roof August 6th. We arrived to dipper of the Cathedral are very lofty, but at Clermont, pleasantly situated on the arches are fiat. The height, in a hill; here we first began to be French feet, 132; the length, 408, amongst Vineyards. They somewhat jocluding Lady's Chapel. -- I forgot resemble. hop plantations, but the to mention that St. Jobn Baptist is sticks are only about four feet high. resorted to by ladies in the family The grapes as yet are small, unripe



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Tour in France, in 1818.

417 and invisible from the road. There rather Aat. The Palace itself was are several dead yellow leaves on the totally destroyed at the Revolution : vides, probably from the drought. but there remaio the Stables, the We dined at the table d'hôte with the principal of which is a poble lofty diligence company. There was arched hall, 600 feet loog, and 45 Priest at table with a cross of honour wide, in which the Prussians had 400 round his neck, suspended by a blue horses in the year 1815. The Charibbon. He is a Chaplain to the teau of the Duke d’Enghien (a sop of King. He carries his own wine with the Prince who was murdered by him when he travels, had his wicker- Buonaparte) also remains.

It is a cased bottle of Burguody in a cooler handsome uniform pile of building, of water, and courteously pressed us but greatly ioferior in size and splento partake. We find the same for. dour to what was the palace. At malities as to passports are required Chantilly, at four in the afternoon, in from

the French as from foreigners. the shade, in a North aspect, and in a The Priest was obliged to produce his current, the thermometer was at 88 ; passports to the gens d'armes, who and it was under this power of heat came to inspect them during dinner ; that we walked above half a mile to he was only travelling between Amiens see the Stables. The trees in this and Paris, to prepare for a confirma- country are loftier than in England, tion. On entering and leaving a mixed the poplars in particular. We procompany like that of the table d'hôte, ceeded on the road to St. Dennis, every one bows and pays his saluta- through a wooded country intermixtions to the company. At breakfast ed wirb corn-fields and vineyards, dioper, and supper, every one spreads Saw on the road a man and woman a large napkin before him ; it is lighting a fire on the back of a large thought barbarous not to use it. I dead pig. Our postillion's explanawas laughed at this morning for say- tion was, that it was done in order to ing bon mutin (good morning). in burn the fat. At St. Dennis, a large England, we say, good morning, good town, only four miles short of Paris, aflernoon, &c. ; but the French, only we determined to stop all night, that good day, or good night. In asking we might have an opportunity of seefor any thing at table, we say come ing the Chapel Royal, which is the monly in England, I will trouble you burial-place of the Kings of France. to help me, &c. Ao English gentle. But tbis is too long a story to be beman, last year, at a table d'hôte, gun at the bottom of a sheet. wishing to partake of a dish which August 7th.

We left St. Dennis at he saw placed next to a Frenchman, ten this morning. At entering Paris began to address the Frenchman very there was nothing to impress the no. gravely, “ Je vous troublerai, Mon- tion of a Metropolis ; no preparatory sieur;" the Frenchman stared at his towns or villages after leaving St. apparent rudeness, in proposing to Dennis ; and on entering, a remarks trouble him; but very politely assist. able quietvess and thioness of popued him the moment he understood lation, nor any thing in the streets or the nature of his request.-The French shops better than in Amiens and mo complain greatly of the heat, and in. brai, and other towns. But in the quire if it be the same in England. neighbourhood where we are quarThe women in the towns and villages tered, viz. that of the Thuilleries, sit in the streets at their work, in there is considerable splendour. I small parties, on the shady side. The have as yet seen nothing except in young women every where have co- driving through the streets; and the Toured pocket handkerchiefs tied thermometer being now (one o'clock) round their heads. - At Creil we at 82, I am in no haste to explore. crossed the River Oise, and proceed. Here is, however, no such smoke as ed to Chantilly through a beautifully in London, and our hotel is very quiet wooded and billy country. The sight and airy.

X. of green trees is very refreshing, after

(To be continued.) the arid sameness of corn fields and stubbles. At Chantilly we stopped


May 6. to see the seat of the Bourbons, which I of our enfiable country, that there belonged to the Prince of Condé. Il is surrounded by woods; the country is scarcely a misfortune incident to Gent. Mag. May, 1820.


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