400 Abuses of Sca Bathing and Mineral Waters. [May, towa, with something anserted about discretions is rather difficult to find the salubrity of this, that, aod the related in any simple work ou the other, with an equal share of impusubject, tbough it inay vften and deoce, false judgment, and erroneous easily happen. Such simple but less persuasion. Such productions should important details are necessary in a never be purchased (excepl out of work of this kind, as that a sinall charity), uuless writlen by men of quantity of Epsom or other neutral accredited talent. Books even like purgative salis, largely diluted, opeDr. Mackenzie's must be defective, rates much more than a larger quanfroin their nature. Under Sea he tily in saturated solution ; that the has not omitted, however, to notice benefit derived from the Cheltenham the irritation of the stomach and watersdepends on the immediately subbowels, which arises from the foolish sequeot exercise, (sce Stone on Dispractice of descending to a sea-beach, eases of the Stomach ;) that the cure and drioking upon the spot sea-waler, of cachexies and scrophulous affecthough every drop is poisoo, in its tions are remedied much more by sea state of mechanical mixture with sele- air than sea water, which is certainly uite, Alvating particles of algæ and the case according to our observafuci, and its integrant combination of tion, though we think that sea waler inuriate of soda,

possesses much more stimulating pro“ an article"

perties than the factitious water, or Ad infinituın “ cathartical.” in itself than Dr. Mackeozie seems The power of this latter, as rather

to admit. The influence of the air too permaneot a stimulus to the above, as well as the waters bepeath, bowels, is shown by the effect of its

should be considered; the virtues that addition to Glauber's and the Epsom have been attributed to the Holwell salt with magnesia, the factitious

Waters in consumptiou, is probably Cheltenham salt. We would sug.

more owing to the density of the ai. gest, that information, gathered froin mosphere*. (See Mansford on Consources where the mercenary advan- sumption.) The fact which Dr. tages of exaggeration did not sway,

Mackenzie mentions, that all waters would be invaluable ; and which any

are medicinal which approach to the disinterested man of medical mind, greatest, purity, might suggest the who had lived five years in a place, artificial purification of water, though, might furnish. We do not mean the

for our parts, however pure it may puffs of inhabitant idlers, nor Jewish

be rendered, it is not our intention to and illiterate tradespeople, but the

come into the system of Dr. Lambe, impartial inductions of experience and dispense with all artificial beverand reflection. There are many facts

ages, if not impelled by grim ne. relating to Watering-places that can cessity. We readily conjoin with Drs. not be anticipated by the a priori Willan (see his Hist. of The Epidemics reasoning of the analytic chemist, vor

of 1796, &c.) Clarke, and Mackenzie, elicited by a golden line to the glaring baths on a large scale, as

in recommending tepid and warm suaviter in modo of the place apothe antient Rome and modern Russia. cary. Thus Bishop Watson was congratulated by a man at the well of a

The latter in many of our country inineral spring, as nearly as we recole towns, are, though indispensible in lect, that he was not cured of the many cases, scarcely known. They goul, for which he had used the wa would probably be as excellent preters; since all who had been, in his ventatives of contagious acute disknowledge, died immediately after

cases, as cold bathing is as a general wards: this was rather an important

tonic t.

We are rather iuclined to tale to an arthritic. Nothing lies so

deem Dr. Jameson's opinions, which deep as Truth! We knew a lady die are adduced by Dr. Mackeuzie, to be of phrenitis from walkivy with her inadmissible; without ang theory of bonvet off just after sea-bathing, the

* According to Dr. Armstrong, the suleffect of quick evaporation on a sus phuretted hydrogen of the Harrowgate ceptible brain. Oihers lay the four and Dinsdale waters produces a specific dations for pulmonary affections by effect iu phthisis. bathing in wet machines, in which + Public Baths are constructing on a the reneral horripilalio strikes like large scale at Leeds, according to Dr. death: yet the former of these insa Hunter, Edinb. Medical Journal, No. 59.


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fine Church belonging olution, the
1820.] Christ's Hospital. - Londiniana.

401 putrefaction going on in living bo- tions endowed by that youthful and dies, they are sufficient motives for well-disposed Monarch. Parts of the bathing.' Dr. Mackenzie, in p. 130, old Convent, with the Cloisters, are bas not seemingly laid sufficient stress yet remaining ; but a great portion on the foolish practice of wrapping. (including the whole South front) was We hope that in a future edition be rebuilt in the 17th century, under the will notice the newly-discovered Spa direction of Sir Christopher Wren at Gloucester, hardly exceeded by and other parts bave been since mothe Poutrin Spring in the bulk of dernized. "The building shown in the carbonic gas in a given quantity, or View is one of the Wards of the Hos. any other mineral water in saline con. pital, situate at the Western extretents. -- Upder Tunbridge and else. mity of the old building facing the where, he has once or twice inadver- South; as seen from what is called tently departed from his simplicity of the New Play-ground. The Mathe

style, and explicit aids. - He has matical-school was founded by Charles 1 placed, in pp. 126—8, the tepid and II. The Writing-school was founded

warm bath at 92°, the tepid is rated in 1694 by Sir John Moore, whose
at the mean 82°, the warm at 96o. statue is in front of the building. The
We bave been led by our interest in Grammar-school was rebuilt only a
the subject, into a more general and few years ago; partly by a benefaction
desultory discussion than first intende of John Smith, Esq. whose portrait
ed, but Dr. Mackenzie and our Readı, ornaments the upper school.
ers will appreciate the purpose.

It has been the wish of the Go-
Kent Road. J. FOSBROOKE. vernors of this poble Foundation, for

some years past, gradually to rebuild Mr. URBAN,

May 2.. the Hospital; and large subscriptions VHE annexed View (see Plate II.). have beeo entered into for that purmains of the Monastery of the GREY Iritherto deterred them from comFRIERS, or Mendicants, which was one neucing the work. N. R. S. of the most suburb.conventual esla. blishinents in the Metropolis. It was,

LONDINIANA. of the order of St. Francis, and was. Being u Collection of Fragments, founded by John Ewin, mercer, about Anecdotes, and Remarks, relative the year 1225., A full account of it : to LONDON, from various sources. may be seen in Strype's Stowe; and

This ancient City,
an abridged notice of it in Pennant's

How wantoi sits she, aunidst Nature's

to house, Nor from her highest turrets has to view
having been spoiled of its ornaments : But golden landscapes and luxuriant
for the King's use, was made as store,
bouse for French prizes, and the mo.

A waste of wealth, the storehouse of the numevts either sold or mutilated.

world | Young. Henry Vill. just before his death, THE TEMPLE CHURCH granted the Convent, &c. to the City, Was founded by the Templars in the and caused the Church to be opened time of King Henry 11. upon the for Divine Service. The Church was model of the Holy Sepulchre at Jeburnt in 1666, and rebuilt by Sir rusalem. The square.choir was built Christopher Wren.

afterwards. The group of Knights The buildings belonging lo the in the circle are not knowu with any Monastery were afterwards applied certainty. One of them was tbought by Edward VI, to the use of CHRIST's to be Geoffroy de Magna ville, Earl HOSPITAL*, one of the Royal founda- of Essex in 1184 (King Steplieu). The

Coffio of a ridged shape is the tomb * A good account of the Hospital, with

of William Plantagenet, fifth son of a full description of the curious Paintings in the Hall, Court Room, &c. will be found Henry II. It is conjectured that in Malcolm's “ Londinium Redivivum," three of the others are, William Earl vol. III. pp. 350-373; and an interesting of Pembroke, and his sons William “ Brief History of Christ's Hospital” is and Gilbert, likewise Earls of Pemnoticed in our Review for the present broke in the year 1919, &c. Month. Edit.

Pennunt. Gext. Mag. May, 1890.



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403 Londiniana ; or Fragments, &c. relative to London. (May, THE MONUMENT.

where Craven Buildings now stands, The celebrated Duke of Bucking. Richard Neville, the “King Making ham is said to have written on the Earl of Warwick, lived in Warwick Monument, in chalk, the following Lane. His Statue is now in the front Jipes :

of a house there.
" Here stand I,

The Lord knows why.

But if I fall

London is mentioned by Bede as
Have at ye all.”

the Metropolis of the East Saxons

in the year 504, lying on the banks The first Coronation Ceremonial of the Thames, “ the emporium of recorded to have been performed in many people coming by sea and land." the Metropolis was that of Edmund In a grant dated 889, a Court in LonIronside, 1016.

don is conveyed " at the ancient stony SIR THOMAS GRESHAM,

edifice, called by the Citizens kwet who built the Royal Exchange, was

mundes stone from the public street the son of a poor woman, who left to the wall of the same City +. From bim in a field when an infant, but

this we learn, that so early as A.D. the chirping of a grasshopper leading 889, the Walls of London existed.

In 857 we find a conveyance of a a boy to the place where he lay, his life was preserved. From this cir. place in London, cailed - Ceolmuncumstance the future Merchant took dinge haga,” not far from the West the Grasshopper as his Crest; and

Gate . This West Gate may have heoce the cause of that insect being

been either Temple or Holboro Bars. placed over the Royal Exchange.

Ethelbald, the Mercian King, gave

a court in London between two streetą ANCIENT RESIDENCES.

called Tiddberti - street and SavinStationers' Hall was formerly the

street . house of Jobo Duke of Bretagoy and

Duck LANE.
Earl of Richmond, in the reigns of

From a passage in one of Oldham's
Edward II. and III. and the Earls of satires, Duck-lape seems to have been
Pembroke in Richard II. and Heory famous for refuse book-shops:
VI. and Lord Abergavenny in Queen

“ And so may'st thou perchance pass up Elizabeth's reign. The house was de

and down

[and Town stroyed in 1666, and the present Hall

And please awhile th' admiring Court erected.- A litile to the West of Vint

Who after shall in Duck-lane shops be ners' Hall, Tbames-street, lived Joho

thrown." Tiploft, Earl of Worcester, Lord High

Long ACRE. Treasurer. lo Thames-street also lived Lord Hastings, beheaded by books of the time of Edward VI. is

Among the entries in the Council. Richard III. Edward the Black Prince

the mention of a grant from the King Jived in a house opposite the Monu

to the Earl of Bedford, and his heirs meut. Tower Royal, Watling-street, male, of the Covent Garden and the was the residence of King Stephen, meadow ground, called “ the Lung and afterwards of the Duke of Nor

Acre." folk, adherent of Richard III. Io

FETTER LANE. the place where the present Exeter

Felter should be Faitour Lane, a 'Change stands, formerly stood Bur

term used by Chaucer for a lazy idle leigh or Exeter House, where lived

fellow. It occurs as early as the 37th and died the great Statesman, Lord of Edward III. when a pateot was Burleighs and close by, iu Exeter; granted for a toll traverse towards atreet, lived the “Unfortunate” Earl

its improvement. The condition in of Essex*.

wbich it remains certaioly warrants William Earl of Craven, the most

the etymology-Stow agrees in it. accomplished Nobleman of his age,

HOLBOURN. married Elizabeth, widow of the Elector Palatine, and Queen of Bobemia;

Holebourne is noticed in the Domesand lived in Drury Lane, on the spot day Survey, where the King is said

+ Heming, 42. I Hems. 41. * In Devereux Court is a bust of his Dugd. Mon. Aug. vol. I. p. 138. Son, the Parliamentary General against Turner's History of the Anglo Saxons, Charles I.

vol. IV. p. 237.


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