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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,
For MAY, 1820.
April 26. will be supplied by the beautiful leaf S it has been generally stated which often seen on aptient Crowns,
and now on the ducal coronets. The take place in the Royal Crown of circle will in that case resemble that England, by the omission of the fleur assigned to Nephews of the blood de lis upon its circle, I beg leave, Royal ;-crosses and leaves alternate. through the medium of your pages. The substitution of thistles and shamto call the attention of those who rock,-a conceit of some of ibe newsmay be interested in the enquiry, to a papers-is of course too absurd for suggestion whether the form of this notice. regal ornament has been improved I had forgotten to mention that by the depression of the arches by most of the Crowns of foreign Sove. which it is surmounted, and by the reigns are of the form to which I squareness of outline which is thus have referred above ; – the bows given to it. To such of your Readers forming a regular obtuse arch above as are familiar with delineations of the head : and this appears to be also the Crowns of our last Plantagenets the case in that of Hanover, judging and Tudors, the circumstance above from the representation of it on the described will, I believe, be perfectly shield of our new balf-crowns. intelligible: they will recollect ex There is another point connect. amples, in particular, of the high- ed with the subject of this Letter raised Crown of Elizabeth, the most upon which you will allow me to add opposite, in this respect, from that of a few words. The Coins of all our the present age. There are, however, Kings, froin the earliest time down others of a less elevation, though of to the Restoration, are rendered parthe same character, which I have ticularly interesting to the student of often regarded as extremely graceful: Regal Antiquities, by their presentperhaps a better instance cannot be ing figures of the Crowns, and in given than that afforded by the coins some instances the Sceptres also, of Henry VII. Perhaps, Mr. Urban, which were in use at different periods I must pot venture so far as to re of our history. Surely, Sir, there is commend a revival of this antient much reason to regret that the pracform, but I think I may safely advise tice of exhibiting the Sovereign's a comparison of the present Crown head with its peculiar and appropriate with those which have preceded it, ornament bath since been laid aside. at a time when its fabric must neces The laurel wreath, however justly we sarily be new modelled. I may also may have been used to admire it on be permitted to hope that, as the the brow of a Roman Emperor, barbarous taste wbich prevailed after ceases to be classical when applied to the Restoration (wben, by the way, an English King; its adoption is conour present Regalia were made), is trary to good taste, for it is in violanow fortunately exploded, the more tion of historical truth and consis. appropriate style of antient English tency. Let us hope, then, that this art will be appealed to in whatever may be considered in the forthconuing concerns either these, or the august Coinage of his present Majesty. ceremony to which they particularly Yours, &c. belong. With regard to the change of orna Mr. URBAN,
May 10. ments on the rim of the Crowy, I LATELY made an accidental suppose the place of the fleur de lis
purchase of a copy of Isaac Wal
388 Dr. Donne.--Mr. Dunbar.-Sea-Bathing Infirmary. [May, ton's Lives of Dr. Donne, Sir H. Wot have mentioned, and not recollecting ton, Hooker, and Herbert, wbich, to bave met with it before; perhaps opon inspection, proved to be the some of your Correspondents will identical Volume presented, or iplend- either confirm or correct my conjeced for presentation, to his brother, by ture respecting its author : and if ibis the amiable and learned author, as should happen to meet the eye of the appears from bis autograph lz. Wa. learned Editor of the Athenæ Oxoniwhich is in a very small peat charac enses, in whose elaborate work so ter above the porlrait of Dr. Donne, many curious parliculars relative to facing the title-page, together with many of our antieot worthies are the words “ffor my brother Mr. ..." embalmed for the benefit of posterity, The name struck tbrough with a he may perhaps not think it impertipen so as to have become illegible. nent in the writer to request ioformaIt is not, however, on account of this tion whether these lines have before particular (although every particular appeared as the accredited producrelative to that excellent man is de tion of the noble person whose name serving of notice), that I presume to is annexed to them ?. C.R.O. obtrude upon you at present, but in order to mention that in the same
Mr. URBAN, Cambridge, May 15. haod-writing of “Honest Izaac,' on
A LATE popular Work, entitled a blank in the 81st page at the close of the life of Dr. Donne, and imme. folks,” concludes its account of Mr. diately preceding the Epitaph upon DUNBAR, the Greek Professor at the Dean by Dr. Corbet, Bishop of Edinburgh, with informing its readers Oxford, there appears the following that he is the author of some pieces Elegs, wbich I copy verbatim et lite in the “ Cambridge Classical Reratim :
Having lately perused a “ An Elegy on Dr. Donne.
publication bearing the name of Mr. I cannot blame those men yt know yeo well, above assertion, and was led to en
Dunbar, I felt great surprise at the Yet dare not help ye world to ring thy quire of the Editor of our Classical
knell In tunefull Elegies. There's no language Researches, whether there was any knowen
(owne. foundation for it. He assured me Fit for thy mention but was first thine that it was totally untrue, and that The Epitaphs yu writtst have so berest there never could have been the least Our Tongue of Witt, there is no ffancie ground for such a report. left
Thinking it right ihat an assertion Enough to weep thee. What henceforth should be contradicted which is inju
rious to the character of a respect. Of Art or Nature must result from thee.
able Work, as well as of our UniverThere may p'chance some busy gath'ring
sity, I take the liberty of begging freind
(Varied Lend Steale from thine owne Wordes and yt
you to notice this mistatement, which wch yu bestow'dst on others, to thy
occurs in vol. I. p. 172, of “ Peter's Herse,
Letters to his Kinsfolks." And so thou shalt live still in thine Yours, &c.
CANTABRIGIENSIS. Hee yt shall venture further may commit
(Wit, THE SEA-BATHING INFIRMARY. A pittied Errour, shew his Zeale not Redeunt Saturnia regna!. Ffate hath done mankind Wroug, Virtue Mr. URBAN,
Chelsea. may flyme
N your Magazine for May 1819, Reward of Conscience, never can of ffame, Since her great Trumpett's breath could partment of that for April 1820, pp.
page 392; and in the Review deonly give
[leeive, Ffaith to ye World, command it to be
337, 338; your numerous Readers Hee then must write that would define
are informed of certain differences thy Parts,
[Arts. whereby an excellent London Charity Here lyes The Best Divinitie, All the has been partially injured. — Allow
yo present Correspondent to re
verse the picture, and to exbibit to The above I presume to be the full view the sweet contrast of una. composition of the Lord Chancellor nimity in benevolence. Clarendon, but not finding any ac On Saturday, May 13, 1820, I dined couot of it in the Volume which I with the Directors and Stewards at
1820.) Royal Sea-Bathing Infirmary. Historic Relation. 389
Part ii. p. 606.) it. Sir William Blizard, Joho Blades, EED we any longer, therefore, Esq. Sir Everard Home, Rev. Dr. Yates, Rev. Weeden Butler, Dr. Smith of the French school having Brown, Thos. Chevalier, Esg. and lost their way, for want of the hisvarious other warm friends to the torical clew that guides us through Charity, spoke their sentiments in
the knowledge of things ? For three the course of the evening. Sir W. quarters of a century these men, enB. recommended the Infirmary to dowed with genius, and having fol. all medical gentlemen as a grand lowers of no ordinary sagacity, have necessary adjunct to the London Hos- been gravely enquiring, “How, and pitals; J. B. Esq. poticed a splendid by what means ihe mind prefers one act of liberality by Thomas Warre, tenor of conduct to another :-how Esq. and professed his own readiness it denominates one right, and the to co-operate in a similar manner. other wrong: aod wherefore it conSir E. H. cheerfully agreed to accept siders one as the object of approbathe office of Steward at the next tion or reward, and the OTHER of reAnniversary, and avowed his wish probation or punishment ?" thereby to demonstrate bis attach To illustrate this more satisfacment as a professional man to the in- torily, let us here notice the leading terests of the diseased Poor. Dr. Y: points in the most celebrated specureported the good goveroment and sations upon Ethics and Philology. accommodation of the Building, and The French were not the original inthe sense entertained by its happy ventors of those speculations - for patients; he made his-luininous re they invent nothing - they only give port from personal survey. He left a name and a fashion to the discoio his clerical brother at bis elbow
veries of others. The spirit of these to express more at large their com- speculations was re-produced in our mou satisfaction. Rev. W. B. gave modern times, first, in the reign of a concise narrative of the Establish
Charles II. It was an essence formed ment, from its origin to its present out of the fanatic acid of those days, state of stability : and figuratively mixed with the lees and dregs of that observed, that he had watched the
intoxicating speculation called DEISM: PLANT throughout its growth, under the wine of a profligate, gambling, various changes in its atmosphere. and corrupt court. But to drop the It was now mature. Its soil was rich: figure :—this philosophy of HOBBES, its culture was most favourable.
MANDEVILLE, and finally of LORD Thank God! its roots had struck
BOLINGBROKE, made it necessary for deep into British hearts; it was pro. the great Dr. CLARKE to ascertain lected by his Lordship, and ourtured aud fix what he calls the eternal relaby public munificence; it was now tions aod fitnesses of things. He has warined by the rays of Royal Patron- thus made it even a matter of demonage; and often, indeed, would it be stration, the historical order. watered in silence by tears of grati He was preceded by Newton, and tude from the Poor. Dr. B. very accompanied by Bishop Butler: the neatly thanked the company for former bad to ascertain and fix even
On the Extent of the Historic Relation. (May, the laws of the creation, a standing more than any other, the most infact : and by a scientific chronology, different thing? Is there any stanto lay down the authentic Chart of dard of truth? What is truth-and History. While the latter (Bishop where is it-How do we know that BUTLER) showed the grand historical there is any such thing as truth?” analogy of things, human and divine. &c. &c. One would suppose we bad
As Locke and Bishop BERKELEY fallen among a set of disguised Jews (though both of them virtuous men, and Stock-jobbers, and not an assem. in fact) are admitted to have lost their bly of Philosophers, to hear it gravely way, in speculations upon paper-it asked, whether conscience is a real, is hardly necessary for us, here, to or an imaginary faculty ! follow them, if we had time even, But by following the historic relawhich we have not.
tion, as above indicated by ScripThe philosophy of the good Dr. ture, all these things will be discoHutcheson has laboured to show vered, defined, and attained, as well that BENEVOLENCE is the principle of as we can reasonably expect in this virtue. But to what exient is this given state of things. Or, to use the true? By what medium is it mea- emphatic language of Lord Bacon, şured, and regulated? His principle we shall be endued with all the of benevolence is plainly referable to public and private virtues, and all our historical relations: 1. That to AT ONCE.” the Deity as our common ratHER : It has been a favourile enquiry 2. To bis creature, ipan, who is our whether we have any peculiar organ
called the moral sense ? Whether But, thirdly, it is a matter of the this principle is a modification only bighest record, that these two rela- of some other principle in human tive duties were enjoined in positive, nature, to which it is reducible: as express terms by the author of Chris: reason, good taste, sympathy, and tianity at the Jewish Reformation the like? --revealed from the Deity himself. Conscience is that inward record This is a fact, therefore, contained in upon the consciousness of any thing SACRED history.
we have intended, said, or doneput Then follow the wundering sys in apposition with the memory of ihe tems, till speculation is lost in ibe io- golden rule-relating historically to extricable labyrinth of Scepticism:-- God and our neighbour. For as to the centre of which is occupied by a the sympathy borrowed by ADAM falal atheism, ibat mare mortuum, or Smith from the petite morale of the dead sea. Que system is—that“ vir. French school-this sympathy is the tue consists merely in the wise and accord or musical harmony of two prudent pursuit of our own real and or more minds- whether one is consolid happiness." Upon which we templating the composed picture of may observe, by the way, that to the other suffering
or this other make happiness your direct object, is imagines a composed spectator. It the very way to be miserable :-just belongs to the five arts, not to moas the very way to spoil your phy. rals- What else is the standard of sical constitution, is to be ever run. propriety, but the historical order of ning after health. Those who never things? What else are even prudence, think of health or happiness, but of temperance, fortitude, and justice ? their active duties, are found to at. There are three senses of justice : tain indirectly both these objects ! Do as you would be done by : Do no This system precisely inverts the bis- wrong: Do not these certain assigned torical or natural order.
wrongs, laid down and forbidden by One would think that Philosophers law ? By what relation do we arrive were meaning to give the world a at these rules ? Who told us of them? specimen of irony, or a piece of the How are we able to apply them ? most exquisite and refined pleasantry, It is pleasant enough that ADAM when in the eighteenth and nineteenth SMITH, in bis Theory of Moral Sencenturies they are thus gravely in timents, should think it worth requiring (like Diogenes with his lant. marking that “ the best systems of horn in poon-day) "what is happi- Moral Philosophy (as distinguished ness ? and wherein does virtue con from the licentious opes of Mandesist? What recommends it to us ville, Hobbes, and otbers) do all con
On the Historic Relation.--Antient Anecdotes. 891 tribute to encourage praiseworthy, and deeply immersed io gloomy nieand to discourage blameable disposi- ditation. On inquiring the cause, tions.” What else, in the name of and receiving for answer that his common sense, should be expected uncle was uiterly at a loss to make from professed systems of worals ! out his account of a considerable In an enquiry after right and wrong, sum of public money which he had this star-gazing philosopher over expended in the architectural embellooks the well of truth at his feet, lishment of the Athenian citadel, he till falling down, he finds it at the asked him why he did not rather debottom-and thus verifies the pro vise some expedient to avoid the neverb:
cessity of producing his accounts. In this masquerade of philosophy, Pericles adopted the boy's suggestion, MandeVILLE mistakes vanity, and and soon contrived to involve his SHAFTSBURY ridicule, for historical country in a war, which wholly enguide: while Home takes up with grossed the public attention, and interest and pleasure--softened down completely diverted it from the conby the names of the useful and the sideratiou of his accounts.-Lib. 3, 1, agreeable. It is evident that these ext. I. men, moving in the atmosphere of a Of the respect paid to acknowcorrupt court, calculated their sys- ledged worth and integrity, a notable tems for the meridian of France. instance occurred in the person of Thus Hume, in his history, calls the the philosopher Xenocrates. Being adulteries practised in the ihen court summoned as a witness on a trial at of France, “the tender passions.” Athens, and having given his eviBut the historical relation of the dence, he was (according to the estagolden rule-besides its immutable blished custom) advanciog to the truth, and its authority, as a positive altar, to swear to the truth of his dedivine injunction, is really the most position; when the judges, all together natural, the most useful, and most rising from their seats, unanimously agreeable.
YORICK. declared his bare assertion to be suf(To be continued.)
ficient, without the path ; although
they themselves were not, in any case, Ancient Anecdotes, &c.
allowed to pronopocejudgment, with. from VALERIUS MAXIMUS, out being previously sworn.- Lib. 2, by Dr. CAREY, West Square. 10, ext. 2. (Continued from p. 326.)
On the night preceding, Julius CæF congenial spirit with young
sar's death, Porcia, the daughter of
Cato, and wife of Brutus, received munication) was young Cassius, who from her husband the first intimation afterward rendered himself so con.
of the plot formed for killing the spicuous, as the associate of Brutus usurper on the following day. After in heading the party who killed Ju this coofidential disclosure, Brutus lius Cæsar. While yet a boy, he having quilted her apartment, she evinced his abhorrence of tyranny
called for a knife or razor, for the and cruelty, by an act at once ex
ostensible purpose of paring her pails: pressive and dangerous. Being at and, letting it fall, as if by accident, the same school with Faustus Sylla, she thus contrived to wound berself. son of Sylla the dictator, and hearing Her maids sbrieking at the sight of that youth commend his father's ber blood, the sound reached the ears bloody proscription, and declare that of Brutus, who hastily returned to he himself, wheu arrived at a proper
the apartment, and, having learned age, would imitate the paternal ex
the cause of their alarm, affectionamplc, Cassius gave bim a violent ately chid ber for having undertaken box on the ear; a deed, which scemed to perform that office herself, instead likely to cost him his life; though of employing the usual ministry of he had the good fortune to escape
the barber *. But Porcia, in a wbis. with impunity.—Lib. 3, 1, 3.
per, informed him, that what had The celebrated Alcibiades, also, at happened, was not the effect of acan early age, displayed a prognosticcident, but a deliberate deed, aud, in trait of his future character as a po * Barber-So in the original-Tonsor litician. When a boy, he one day the same who shaved and trimmed his found his uncle Pericles sitting alone,