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362
Abstract of Foreign Occurrences.

(April, people, already assembled on all sides, 104. The Cortes to assemble every year and calling out for the Constitution. As in the capital of the kingdom, with power soon as the popular ferment was allayed, (by Art. 105) to remove to apy place, not the King ordered Ballasteros to proceed more distant frora Madrid than twelve to Aranjuez to inform Abisbal of his cou.

leagues. sent, and to potify the same to the troops; 108. The Session to begin on the 1st of but Ballasteros plainly told the King, that March, and continue three months. it would not be so easy to pacify the latter 109. The Deputies shall be renewed as it was the people of Madrid ; and that entirely every two years. it would be useless for him to go, unless 110. A member is not eligible to two he could carry some positive proof of the successive Parliaments. King's sincerity. For this purpose he 117. The Deputies swear to preserve added, it would be necessary to put the the Roman Catholic religion, to protect national code into operation at once ; this the political constitution, and to conduct alone would satisfy the public mind. In themselves faithfully to the nation.-N. B. consequence of this, the King sent for All reference to the King is omitted iothe loquisitor-General, and told him, that this oath. from that moment his functions ceased, The powers and duties of the Cortes and ordered him to set alĮ his prisoners at ļiberty. This was done, and among the 1. To propose and decree the laws; inmates of the infernal dungeons was and to interpret and alter them on neces. found the Count de Montijo, who it was sary occasions. supposed was at Santiago. The decree of 2. To take au oath to the King, to the the King, convening the Cortes, acceding Prince of Asturias, and the Regency, as to the Constitution, &c. was made out, is pointed out in their places. notified to the various departments of 3. To determine any doubt of fact or State, &c.; and furnished with all this, right, that may occur in order of the sucBallasteros set out for Aranjuez.-On the cession to the Crown. day of the King's acceptance of the Con. 4. To elect a Regency or Regent of the stilution, the whole city wore the appear. kingdom, when the Constitution requires ance of a great public festival, rather than it, and to point out the limits within which a national revolution, or change of the the Regency or the Regent must exercise form of Government; and all ranks par the Royal authority. ticipated in the general joy. The reflec 6. To nominate a guardian to the King tiou that this beneficial change had been minor, when the Constitution requires it. affected almost without the effusion of 7. To approve, previous to ratification, blood was common to all; and even the the Treaties of offensive alliance, of sublower classes spoke of the circumstance sidies, and the particulars of commerce. to each other with pride and triumph.

8. To permit or refuse the admission of

foreign troops into the kingdom. The CONSTITUTION OF SPAIN.

9. To decree the creation and suppresThe following is an abstract of the sion of offices in the tribunals established Constitution of the Cortes ; from which by the Constitution, and also the creation our readers will be enabled to estimate or abolition of public offices. the respective powers of the King and of 10. To fix every year, on the proposal the Cortes:

of the King, the land and sea forces, deArt. 2. The Spanish nation is free aud Termining the establishment in time of independent, and is not, nor cannot be, the

peace, and its augmentation in time of patrimony of any person or family.

3. The Sovereignty resides essentially in 11. To issue ordinances to the army, the nation, and the right of enacting its the feet, and to the national militia, in all fundamental laws belongs exclusively to their branches. it by this same principle.

12. To fix the expenses of the public 87. The Cortes consists in the union of administration. all the Deputies that represent ihe nation, 13. To establish annually the taxes. nominated by the citizens, io manner as 19. To determine the value, the weight, therejpalter stated.

the standard, the figure, and description 28. The basis of national representation is the population.

22. To establish a general plan of pub31. For every 70,000 souls there shall lic instruction in the whole monarchy, and be one Deputy to the Cortes ; any odd approve that which is intended for the number exceeding 35 000 shall name a education of the Prince of Asturias, Deputy for themselves.

St. Domivgo 24. To protect the political liberty of names a Deputy; and the Ultra Marine population, viz. that of North and South 25. To render real and effective the America, elects Deputies in the same pro- responsibility of the Secretaries of State, portion as that of Old Spain.

and other persons in public employ.

Lasily, 26.

war.

of money,

the press.

1820.)
Abstract of Foreign Occurrences,

363 36. Lastly, it belongs to the Cortes to professing his readiness, and that of his grant or refuse its consent in all those army, to take the oath to the Constitution, Oases and acts which the Constitution and apowing his intention of re-establishpoints out necessary.

ing it more sacred than ever. He also The King enjoys the following powers

declared his intention of re-establishing under Article 171.

the Constitutional Municipality as it stood He watches over the prompt and perfect in the year 1814 ;-yet on the same day, administration of justice throughout the while preparations were making, aecord. kingdom; declares war and ratifies peace, ing to the desire of Freyre, for the per. subject to the approval of the Cortes ; formance of the solemn act of adhesion, nominates Magistrates; presents to ec and while universal joy and copfidence clesiastical dignities; is the fountain of animated all ranks of the community on honour; has the command of the army account of his proclamation, the troops both by sea and by land; regulates all suddenly fired upon the unarmed multidiplomatic and commercial relations with tudes, and proved themselves worthy of other States ; appoints Ambassadors, Mi- rivalling in bloody execution the chief acnisters, and Consals; can pardon crimi tors in the Sicilian Vespers, or the Masvals, except in certain cases; proposes to sacre of St. Bartholomew. It is said, the Cortes such projects of laws as he may that an attempt had been previously made think necessary, but it is for the Cortes to entrap Quiroga ; but that he escaped to deliberate or not upon such proposi- the soare, by declining to enter Cadiz oa tions; has the power of appointing Mi the invitation of Freyre. nisters. The King cannot, under any The estimate of the victims of the atropretence, prevent the convocation of the cious scene at Cadiz on the 10th ult. is as Cortes; nor when assembled can be sus follows:-372 men, 39 women, and 27 peud or dissolve them, nor in any man children, dead; the wounded are iu pum. ner interfere with their sittings or delibe, ber 500, a great many of them grievously. rations; and all persons who shall advise It is a fact worthy of being recorded, him to act contrary to this article shall be and greatly to the honour of the Spanish deemed traitors to the country. The kiog soldiery at Cadiz, that when the guilty recannot leave the kingdom without the con giments, who took the lead in the atroci. sent of the Cortes ; nor can he without ties of the 10th, arrived at their quarters their consent form any offensive treaty ; in Port St. Mary's, their former compa. nor private treaty of commerce with any nions in arms were drawn up to receive foreign power; nor furnish subsidies to a them, and expressed the utmost abhor. foreign power; nor impose any taxes or rence at their conduct. They were then, duties; nor can he of his own authority as a mark of ignominy, deprived of their deprive any individual of personal liberty, arms and other insignia of a soldier, and or of property, without due course of law. marched barefooted to a small village call. Before he contracts marriage, he shall ed Chipiona, there to remain till other. communicate his intention to the Cortes, wise disposed of. for the purpose of obtaining their consent, His Majesty has issued a decree, de. without which he shall be considered to claring all Spaniards who shall refuse the have abdicaled his throne. Should a law new oath to be incapable of holding pube have passed the Cortes and fail on three lic offices, and to be unworthy of remaiu. successive applications to obtain the Royal iug in the country. consent, on the third refusal, the sanction The King bas appointed the revenues of the King shall be supposed to have of the late loquisition towards liquidating been obtained, and the law shall be in full the expenses of the state. force. A permanent Committee is to be pointed Captaia General of Navarre. noininated before the close of each Session, The Spanish exiles who accompanied and to continue sitting in vigilant atten Joseph to France, are permitted by a protion to the proceedings of the Government, clamation of the Supreme Junta to return until the next assembly of the Cortes. to their native country, and recover their This Committee has the prerogative of sequestrated possessions. summoning an extraordinary meeting of

ITALY. the Cortes, when the Crown shall become An article from Turin mentions an invacant, or the King incompetent, or when bis stance of judicial cruelty in the punishMajestymay be desirous of convoking them. ment inflicted upon a postillion, named

Letters from Cadiz, dated the 14th of Donan; who, having been accused of March, confirm accounts in the French, stealing the ornaments of a Madonna, has papers of an outrageous act of treachery been burnt alive at Chambery, after hav. at Cadiz, which has covered the streets of ing had both bis hands cut off. that city with its slaughtered citizens. It

GERMANY. appears, that Gen. Freyre issued a pro The Grand Duke of Hesse, influenced clamation on the 9th of March, declaring as is believed by events in Spain, has his attachment to liberal principles, and given a constitution to his subjects.

The

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Foreign and Domestic Occurrences. (April, 'The King of Prunia has recently testi. 14 guns, 11 brigs of war of from 801 to bed his sense of the kindness shewn by 12 guns, 12 schooners, and a great numthe British nation to his subjects, under ber of gun-boats. the devastating consequences of the dread. The disasters attendant on the operaful battles fought in the years 1813 and tions of Lord Cochrane follow in quick 1814, by presenting to the Honorary Se. succession. Accounts have reached Lon: cretaries of the subscription for that pur- don, from Chili, of Nov. 4, stating that pose, rings or gold spuff boxes elegantly the squadron under Lord Cochrane bad ornamented with his Majesty's initials in been repulsed a third time off Callao. diamonds. These were accompanied by A group of small islands has been dis. letters written by his Highness Prince covered by Captain de Peyster, of the Hardenberg, by command of bis Majesty, ship Rebecca, in the Pacific Ocean, lying and were transmitted through the means in the track between Valparaiso and the of the Prussian Ambassador, Baron East Indies. Bulow.

New South Wales.-By a late return it ASIA,

appears, that in 1818 the land cleared and Letters from Batavia, of the 11th of cultivated, consisted of 284,000 acres, or December, state, that the expedition of double the surface of Rutland. That the the Dutch against Palembang had wholly produce was 1543 bushels of wheat, and failed in its object, and was returning to 42,000 of maize; and the stock, 700 Batavia.

horses, 6500 cattle, 700 sheep, and 700 AMERICA, &c.

hogs ; while the total population was The naval force of the United States of 25,000. In the year 2000, perbaps, the America consists of 36 ships of the line of Republic of New Holland may sway the 74 guns cach, 25 frigates of from 44 to Eastern Archipelago.

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS Bruce likewise solemnly declared he was

PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. innocent and totally unacquainted with As some men were lately making a M·Innis. On being brought up to receive drain on the premises of a gentleman in sentence, Monday morning, Bruce preSt. Giles', Norwich, they accidentally dis sented a petition to the Judge, protesting covered a well 76 feet deep : on a stone his innocence-M'lopis, the other prisoner, was the date of its construction, 1222 (598 said—“ Bruce is innocent. I never spoke years ago).

to the man before I shot at Birch. And The latter end of last month, the Col- though I did shoot at him, and I had lege stables at Hereford were destroyed many reasons for doing so, every man by fire. On the 2d inst. during divine who swore against me swore falsely. service, a part of the roof of the college Birch swore salsely, Pearson swore falsely. was discovered to be on fire by Mr. Hay. No man living knew a word about it but ter, the organist, who hastened to the myself. I shot at him; this man is innopart, and with assistance succeeded in cent.”—Mr. Warren (Chief Justice of extinguishing it. Oa the flames being ex Chester) then passed sentence of death on tinguished, it was discovered that the both, and ordered Milonis for execution. beams and joists where they commenced M louis" Thank you, my Lord: it's a had been partly saturated with spirit of good cure for a spiu of the head.This turpentine; a quantity of brushwood from wretched man for a time refused all the besoms taken from a room near the place; consolations of religion, disbelieving the hay, straw, and some matches, were also existence of a God! After returning to disposed of so as to spread the destructive the gaol, however, it is understood that element,

he was brought to a proper sense of his April 8. At Chester Assizes, James awful situation. He has been since exeGeorge Bruce, and Jacob M'Innis, were cured.-Bruce, it is supposed, will not tried for shooting at Birch, the Stockport suffer. constable, on his return thither after ar. April 10. At the Chester Assizes, Sir resting Harrison, the preacher, at the Charles Wolseley, Bart. and Joseph Hare Smithfield meeting. According to the rison, were tried on an indictment chargevidence, while Bruce kept in front of ing them with intending to excite commoBirch, holding him in conversation, Möln tion at a meeting at Stockport, on the 28th nis, who stood behind Bruce, fire the of June last; with unlawfully assembling pistol. They were both found Guilty. to disturb the public peace, and by sedi. M'Ionis on hearing the verdict, exclaimed tious speeches to stir up the people of this in a stern tone, " Bruce is innocent: Lain realm to hatred and contempt of the Go. the man that shot at Birch; and Bruce vernment and Constitution as by law esta. knoks nothing of it, oor any other person.” blished. Mr. Pearson addressed the Jury

ON

1820.) Intelligence from various Parts of the Country. 365 on behalf of Sir C. Wolseley. Harrison Northamptonshire. It consists of a tablet spoke in his own defence, and at great' with an appropriate inscription ; on one length: his speech was a strange and side of which is a group representing Reliunconnected medley of politics and reli- gion, personified by a female, whose eyes gion, given with a violent methodistical are fixed on high, holding in her right twang, which occasionally excited risibi. hand the New Testament, and in the left lity. The Counsel for the prosecution a Cross'; Charity is represented on the Dext replied, and the Judge summed up other side of the tablet, by a mother fondly to the Jury ; who, after consulting about cherishing a sleeping infant to her bosom, three-quarters of an hour, returned with while she is contemplating with maternal a verdict of Guilty against Sir Charles delight the caresses of its brother and sister. Wolseley and Joseph Harrison,

April 13. Mitchell (denounced as a OCCURRENCES IN LONDON spy at the York Meeting) was tried at

AND ITS VICINITY. the Pontefract Sessions, for having, on His Majesty, it is said, has been pleased the 4th of October last, made use of sedi. to appoint Mr. Colman, the popular dratious words in a meeting at Halifax. He matic author, Lieutenant of the Yeomen was found guilty, and sentenced by the of the Guard, in the place of Captain Court to be imprisoned six months in Davis. York Castle, and find sureties, for two Mr. Foster is the only Commoner now years, himself in 1001, and two sureties in alive who sat in Parliament in the first 501. each.

year of Geo. II. and is now returned 10 April 17. This afternoon Rainér, the the first Parliament of Geo. IV. celebrated Kentish pedestrian, ran half a

Thursday, March 23. mile down Chatham Hill, a very steep and

A Court of Common Council was held at bad piece of ground for such an exertion, Guildhall; when the Marquis of Camden in the short space of one minute and fify. being introduced, he received the Freedom eight seconds; being two seconds within of the City. the time for which he was matched to per The following is the Speech of Mr. form the task.

Chamberlain Clark on the occasion : April 18. Harrison, the preacher, was “My Lord Marquis Camden,- I give you tried at the Chester Assizes, on two in- joy; and in the name of the Lord Mayor, dictments, which charged him with utter. Aldermen, and Cominons of the City of ing seditious expressions in sermons which London, in Common Council assembled, he preached at Stockport in August and do admit your Lordship to the Freedom December last.—The following formed the of the Metropolis of the British Empire. substance of the second indictment; The pleasure and honour which I now “Kings, Princes, Dukes, Lords, Commons, receive from this official act of duty, Parliaments, Archbishops, Bishops, Pre arises from an unanimous Resolution of the lates, Rectors, High Constables, Constables, Court -'That being highly sensible of, Sheriffs, Deputy Constables, and Bailiffs, and duly appreciating, the public spirit are all corrupt; and the time is near at and disinterested conduct of the Most hand when they will be upset. The people Noble Marquis Camden, in making, durshould rise en masse to suppress such a ing his life, so large a sacrifice of his prityrannical Government as the one of this vate fortune, as the giving up to the sercountry; and it will not be long, but very vice and necessities of his country, in aid soon, that it shall be overturned, and of the public revenue, for the exigencies many a bloody battle may be fought, and of the State, all the fees, perquisites, or many a one incarcerated in prison before emoluments he might receive, in right of it shall be accomplished.” He was found his patent office of one of the four Tellers Guilty, and sentenced to one year's impri- of his Majesty's Exchequer, beyond the sonment for each offence,

sum which was enacted by Parliament, to The election of sixteen representative be paid to him ; do return the Noble Peers of Scotland, took place at Holy. Marquis their warmest Thanks for this rood house, Edinburgh. The following munificent and praise-worthy act, were returned :

truly becoming the Patriot, and which Marquisses of Queensbury, Tweeddale, will hand down to posterity, with grateand Lothian; Earls of Home, Kellie, ful recollections, the illustrious name of *Elgin, Balcarras, *Stair, and Roseberry; Camden.' Lords Forbes, Saltoun, Gray, Sinclair, “And the Court, with equal unanimity, Colville, Napier, aud Belhaven. — Those resolved, That the Freedom of This marked (*) were new candidates, who have City be presented to the Most Noble the thrown out the Duke of Roxburgh and Marquis Camden in a box made of heart Vis. Arbuthnot.

of oak, by the whole Couit, in testimony Flaxman's beautiful monument to the of the high sense they entertain of his memory of the late Countess Spencer has great disinterestedness upon this ocjust boen erected in Brington Church, casion.'

“ My

SO

366 Occurrences in London and its Vicinity. (April,

“ My Lord, It was the advice of a great Thomas Lawrence to be their President, in Roman poet to a person of distinguished the room of the late Mr. West. birth :

Thursday, April 20. • Ergo ut miremur te, non tua, primum Mr. Brougham and Mr. Denman came aliquid da,

into the Court of Chancery, Westminster, Quod possim titulis incidere præter ho this morning, soon after the Lord Chancelnores.'

lor had taken his seat, and were addressed “Your Lordship has happily profited by by his Lordship in the following words:this advice, and furnished the best prac. “ Gentlemen, I understand her Majesty tical comment upon it, by adding to the the Queen has been graciously pleased to hovours of hereditary rank, the still higher appoint you her Attorney-General and So. glory of a disinterested patriotism; so licitor General : you will please, in consethat the character which was only ima. quence, to take your seats within the bar, gined by the writer to whom I have allud next to the King's Counsel.” ed, and more fully pourtrayed by another

Saturday, April 22. distinguished Roman poet *, has been ac The Catholic Chapel, in Moorfields, tually realized in the illustrious living ex was opened for public service for the first ample which is now before me.

time. The Chapel, which is capable of - Before I retire from your Lordship's containing upwards of 2000 persons, was presence, permit me to indulge in the re completely full; and among the congrecollection of a great character, to whom gation we observed several Catholic fami. I had the honour of being known, whoin I lies of distinction, as well as most of the have often wiinessed dispeusing justice Ambassadors from Catholic Courts. The from the highest seats of judicature in ceremonies of consecration and dedication this country, wiih dignity, integrity, and were performed with all the pomp usually a suavity ol manners, that has often been

attendant on the proceedings of the Cathoacknowledged even by those to whom his lic Church. The cieliug of the nave is ordecisions proved unfavourable. His Por namented by paintings in fresco, in sevetrait now adows one of the seats of justice ral compartments, representing the prin in this City; and his memory will be long cipal incidents in our Saviour's life. The cherished by Those, who from this day aliar, which is very handsome, is built of will have the honour to call your Lord. statuary marble, and is elevated upon seship a fellow-citizen."

ven spacious marble sleps. The taberAfter being sworn in, the Marquis was nacle is of statuary marble, and is very conducted to the Alderman's Bench, where beautifully ornamented. The pulpit is he received the congratulations of the Lord very handsome, and bears an inscription Mayor.

stating it to be the gift of Lord Aruudel. Thursday, March 23.

Bebind the columns of the sanctuary is a At half past nine at night, a fire broke panoramic painting in fresco, representing out in the premises of Messrs. Gye and the Crucifixion. The tige selected is that Balne, printers, Gracechurch street; which in which our Saviour yielded up the ghost. in a short time entirely consumed the The chapel is, upon the whole, a very whole of their extensive establishment, elegant building. and considerably damaged upwards of a

Sunday, April 23. dozen houses adjoining.

The public will derive equal gratification Wednesday, March 29.

with ourselves, on learning that Ely ChaA very shocking accident occurred this pel has been bought and presented to the morning, among the ruins of the old Pa. National Society, by one of its most zea. lace of the Savoy. Soine labourers, en lous supporters, and ample provision has ployed in taking down an old wall, were been made for the regular attendance of undermining it, to shorten their work, when, the children on public worship. The Bialthough repeatedly cautioned of its dan. shop of London (in the morning), and the gerous state, they disregarded the advice, Archdeacon of London (in the afternoon), till it fell on them, crushed three to death, re-opened the Chapel with appropriate and also buried a horse and cart in the sermons. The Archbishops of Canterbury ruins,

and York, the Bishops of Ely aod Landaff, Sunday, April 2.

&c. atiended. The Persian Ambassador left town for

Monday, April 24. the Continent, on his return to Persia.

In honour of the birth-day of our beThursday, April 6.

loved Sovereign, the children of the Lon. The Royal Academicans elected Sir dou National Schools (to the number of

1000) dined together at their first school Est animus tibi in Coleman-street. They partook of roast Rerumque prudens, et secundis beef and plum pudding, and afterwards Temporibus duwiisque rectus ;

sang

“God save the King."-The children Vindex avaræ fraudis, et absTINENS of the Central School of the National So. Ducentis ad se cuncta pecuniæ.” ciety in Baldwin's-gardens (upwards of Hor. Lib. 4. Carm 9. 700) were also regaled in a similar way.

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