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1820.] Antiquarian and Philosophical Researches. 347 to be increased by five other orations, essay of Ulphilas. These valuable works, with the supplements to those already mixed into two volumes, which were taken printed at Milan. S. A fragment of an 'for writing parchment in the middle ages, oration, by Q. Aurelius Symmachus, with were sent partly to Roine, and partly to the supplement of two by the same au Milan, from the Convent of St. Columthor, already published by me. 4. The banus at Bobbio. They will now be again supplements to the lomily, or Gorbico. united in a Roman edition of them, which Ulphilan commentary, a portion of which I shall lose no time in publishing." was also fouod at Milan, together with an

(Signed)

ANGELO MAI.

He pene

ANTIQUARIAN AND PHILOSOPHICAL RESEARCHES.
EGYPT. .

discovered a mountain of sulphur on which It is expected that the discoveries of M. some diggings had been made; in the Cailliand in Egypt will shortly be publish- neighbourhood of this mountain, traces of ed. This Work will doubtless contain volcanic eruptions were observable, and a many interesting particulars not bitherio quantity of puzzolane, and other igneous known.—This genileman some years ago

substances were found. M. Cailliand fortunately discovered near Mount Za carefully observed the mountains which barah, the famous emerald mines which separate the Nile from the Arabian Gulf, were previously known only by the writ as well as the calcareous tracts of ground, ings of the antient authors, and the sto and chains of mountains between the Nile ries of the Arabs. They had been almost and the Oasis, which all belong to the forgotten for a long lapse of time, and primitive soil. Here he examined several were totally unproductive to the Govero. antient Egyptian structures, and others ment of the country. They were disco of more modern date; he discovered seve. vered by M. Cailliand nearly in the same ral very antient vaults, thermal springs, state in which they had been left by the &c. Among the Greek and Latio iuscripengineers of the Ptolemies.

tions which he met with in his excursions, trated into a vast number of excavations was one containing 70 lines, and about and subterraneous canals, some of which pine thousand letiers ; it is more copious are so deep, that 400 men may work in by at least one fifth, than the Greek in. them at once. In the mines were found scription on the Rosetta stone. By dint cords, levers, tools of various kinds, vases, of vast parience and labour, M. Cailliand and lamps; and the arrangement of the succeeded in copying this inscription in works afforded every facility for studying three days.—Though it is of recent date the antient process of mining. M. Cail. compared with the Rosettá monument, liand himself set about working the mines, since it belongs to the age of the Einperor and he has presented six pounds of eme Galba, it presents some new and curious ralds to Mahommed Ali Pashaw. In the facts relative to the interval adıninistravicinity of the mines, the ruins of a little tion of Egypt. M. Cailliand returned last town has been discovered, which, in an year to Paris, bringing along with him a tient times was probably inhabited by the vast number of drawings, notes, and anminers: among the ruins are the remains tiques, found principally in the hypogea of several Græco.Egyptian Temples with of Thebes, &c. These treasures have inscriptions. M. Cailliand has twice vi been purchased by the French Guvernsited Zabarah; during his second journey

The antiques are deposited in the he was accompanied by a considerable Cabinet of medals and antiques of the number of armed men, miners, and work. King's Library, and the drawings will be men, whom the Pashaw had placed under engraved and published with descriptions bis directions. On his way to the emerald in two vols. folio. M. Cailliand has again mines, the French traveller crossed one of set out for Egypt. In November last he the antient routes for the trade of India, was at Buny-Souey, 25 leagues from by the way of Egypt. He observed sta Cairo. He was about to depart for the tions, enclosures for the union and protec. Fayoum, and to proceed towards the Oasis tion of caravans, cisterns, &c. M. Cail. of Sivah. He must, ere this, have made liand learnt from the Arabs of the tribes many new and interesting observations. of Ababdeh and Bycharyn, that this road At a quarter of a league from one of the led to the ruins of a very extensive towi), pyramids or Sakkarah, he descended into on the banks of the Red Sea, situated a hypogeum sacred to the deity Apis, about the 24th degree of latitude, near

where he found, in a kind of labyrinin, the mountain of Elbé. This town has several bulls embalmed and preserved since been visited by MM. Belzoni and like mummies. Bitche, and will probably be better de. scribed by them than by M. Cailliand. The following is an extract of a On the banks of the Red Sea, the trareller Letter froin M. Caviglia, addressed

ment.

was

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348

Antiquarian and Philosophical Researches. (April, to the Editor of the Journal des gregate of Egyptian antiquities would Voyages, daled Nov. 23, 1819: speedily be laid open for the investiga.

sion of European Archæologists, were it “In noticing the voyage of M. de For

not for a sort of jealous rivalship that has bin, in the Levant, in your Number for

crept in among the explorers of these July, you express his concern, that he was

scientific riches. The most valuable, and unable to profit by the discovery of the

indeed the most proper instrument for Temple of the Sphinx, which an uapar

these purposes, in respect of his physical donable egotism, he says, had caused to

force and capabilities, mean M. Bel. be buried up or covered again. As this zoni, is about to leave Egypt. A report leads to an implication, that it was M.

prevails that, on his return to Cairo from Saltalio discovered that beautiful monu

his last expedition, one of the agents of ment, I think it right to 'exculpate this

M. D, assaulted, and actually fired a gentlemen from the above charge of pistol at him. This circumstance gorisin.

mentioned to me, by M. Briggs, on his " It was I, and not Mr. Salt that caused

arrival from Alexandria. the temple to be covered up again, and

In Upper Egypt, above the province here are my reasons for it. I had already of Esne, there have been lately discovered, removed obstructions from the newly-dis. besides the sulpbur mines found some covered passages, and from the new sub

time ago, irou and lead mines; the latter. terranean chamber of the great Pyramid,

are said to be very rich. The Pacha has and finding nothing all around but the

sent to those parts several persons to look live or natural rock stone, I set about ex

for the gold and emerald mines, which ploring the base of the Sphiox, in hopes have been neglec:ed for some centuries." of lighting on some communication that might lead to any new points of the Pyra

ROYAL COSTUMES. mid. After having been at work, for se There will be a change in one particuveral months, with a hundred and fifty lar of the Royal equipages, interesting to Arabs, and not unfrequently at the risk those who care about such things. The of being buried in the downfalls of sand, Royal carriages have been for a century I was at length enabled to clear out the or more painred of a deep reddish brown area of the Temple of Osiris ; its scite at colour, and ornamented with carved and about the depth of 40 feet, and within the gilded mouldings. They will now be very claws of the Sphinx. M. de Forbin bright yellow, and decorated with silver is within the limits of strict truth, when he or brass plating. Formerly, the junior asserts that this is one of the finest monu branches of the Royal Family had their ments of the power of the arts in antient carriages painted a rich deep green; this Egypt.

had been changed to yellow since the deAfter baving taken the dimensions, mise of the late Duke of Gloucester.and the most correct designs of all these Their crimson, green, and white liveries, antiquities, I was concerned to find a which distinguish them from the King, number of Arab women, allured by su Queen, or Heir Apparent, remain. Those perstition, coming at first to worship and who are possessed of Autiquarian lore on kiss the images, op their first view of this subject, know that scarlet, first the them, but not content with this proceeds Royal Household colour, and now the ing afterwards, 10 break off fragments or national colour for the army, is taken, not pieces, to serve as amulets or charms; in from the Plantagenet red rose, but from this way, several hieroglyphics have been the field gules of the Royal standard, and already disfigured. At length, being ap- from Henry's adoption of the scarlet prehensive that this fine workmanship, dresses of the Yeomen of the Guard, which which it had cost me so much labour at their institution were in shape and co(even at the hazard of losing my sight) to lour similar to those of a portion of the explore, should come to destruction, I re. French King's household. Admirers of solved to inter it anew, till circumstances costumes delight in seeing that it makes more auspicious might authorize the dis the most brilliant regal appearance of any closure of it to every eye.

of the European Court uniforms. On this “ The Learned will, I hope, be shortly account the Emperor Alexander was in. enabled to appreciate these antiquities, duced to have a number of the waiting whether de:erving or not of the care ex. servants in his palace habited after the pended for their preservation. It is in same pattern and colour, with the exceptended to publish, as soon as possible, the tion of dark green for facings, by London result of my discoveries, in a periodical tailors. Scarlet is said to have been the journal : my plan of the temple, and a narional colour of the Spartans. It was brief notice of my labours, have indeed the colour of the robe called chlamys, woru already appeared, in one of these for Ja. by Roman Consuls in war, and by the Duary last.

Emperors. That robe is said 10 have "Il appears to me that the whole ag been borrowed from the Gauls. It is not

1820.)
Arts and Sciences.

349 quite certain whether the borders called King of England's Coronation robes are of purple, which edged the robes of the Ro. deep purple, like Kings' and Bishops' man Senators, were scarlet, or what we mourning; and lined and bedecked with commonly call purple, a tint combined of ermive. They are as old as the Stuarts, crinsson and dark blue, which was per and the colour is now very dark. The haps an episcopal or pontifical colour ori best print of them is in a whole-lengih ginally. They have been represented in portrait of James the First. It is gratify, each tint on the Stage: the Italians used ing to a profound Autiquary to know, the red one. What was the Tyrian dye, that shortly after the accession of George the imperial purple, is not decided; but the First, a book was publisbed, giving from the passages in which the word is some general account of Great Britain and used, it appears to have been a tint of of Hanover, in which the pious author great richoess and splendour. Cardinals mentions, as one of the providential signs, are said to be raised to the purple, though or coincidents, in favour of the Brunswick their dresses and hats are red, as may be line, that, the Elector and the King of seen in Wolsey's hat at Strawberry-hill. England bad guards dressed in exactly the The Pope's state carriages are, or were, same colours! With a view to further covered with red velvet, and he has many valuable information it may be noticed, rooms in the Vatican so lined. Bernardin that the households of all the Bourbon St. Pierre, in the “ Etudes de la Nature,” Kings, and of the Portuguese, Prussian, maintains red to be the perfection of co Swedish, and Netherlandish, and of most lour, as a circle is of form, and says that of the German Princes, wear blue; those both are preferred by children and unci of the Emperor of Austria black and yel. vilized nations. As to the colour among low, those of Russia dark green; but those the ancients, possibly the name of the of our Monarch alone blaze in scarlet. In Red Sea, Mare Purpureum, may have China yellow belongs to the Imperial fasome weight in so grave a question. Buo- mily alone, like the dragons with the adpaparte took the amaranthine hue for his ditional claws; and in Mahometan counand bis Empress's Coronation robes ; but tries green apperlains only to the faithbis household were in dark green. The ful.

ARTS AND SCIENCES.
CEXOTAPH TO THE LATE PRINCESS is simple, and easily understood, and is
CHARLOTTE.

effected in the following manner :--Steel This monumental groupe is finished,

blocks or plates are prepared in a pecuwith the exception only of the figure of

liar way, of sufficient softness to receive the infant, which is to be borne in the the rool of the engraver, who is able to arms of one of the angels which accom produce upon thern even better and sharper pany the spiritual form of the Princess. work than upon copper. This block or The arrangement of this part of the groupe plate is then hardened by a new process, admits of the most interesting display of

without injury to the most delicate lines. her likeness and form, whilst it is strongly

A cylinder of steel, of proper diameter contrasted by the part beneath, where the

and width, is then prepared to receive the mortal remains are lain lifeless on a bier impression on its periphery in relief; this surrounded by four figures, quite enve

is effected by being applied to a singularly loped in solemn drapery, expressive of the

constructed press, invented expressly for deep lamentation of people from every

the purpose. The cylinder is then bardquarter of the globe; whilst blind mor

ened, and fac-similes may be produced tals are seen weeping over the earthly re

upou steel or copper plates ad infinitum ; maius, celestial virgins accompany the

and in this way, bank note plates may pure spirit, which for corruptible has put

bave the talents of the most eminent artists on incorruption, and for mortal has put

in England transferred to them. The on immortality.

great advantage of this invention, as apThe whole groupe will shortly be ready plied to secure bank notes from forgery, for public inspection, and an engraving is, that it produces perfect identity in all will be published of it by Mr. Wyatt.

the notes, and admits of a test, whereby

each note may be identified, as all the SIDEROGRAPHY.

notes may be perfectly alike except the The chief merit of this invention con denomination ; and every individual who. sists in its power to multiply engravings will take the trouble to furnish himself of the most exquisite, as well as those of with an original impression from any one inferior kinds, and substituting steel in of the test dies, may, by comparison, deplace of copper plates, in certain cases. termine whether the note is genuine or This process of stereotyping the fine arts, pot.

SELECT

| 350 ]

SELECT POETRY.

JUVENILE POEM,

Bright was his noon, and gay his morn; By the late Mr.SHENSTONE, of the Leasowes. Nor will his night be dark *, forlorn :

For Piety still cheers the good;
The Roses RecoNCILED.

And Faith perceives a present God t!

Whilst “ children's children" round him BY party rage and stern debate Idalia's realm was tore;

play, Two beauties sought to rule the State,

Blessing their grandsire's natal day! And rival hues they wore.

With harmless sports, and Birth-day wine, The gentle Cloe soft and kind

Prophetic hint of eighty-nine !

I join their wish, ideal see, The Rose she bore was pale ;

Fresh" pledges” mount great-grandsire's The rival Dian hop'd to find

knee Her crimson buds prevail.

As scions grace the parent tree. 'Pity Love's gen'rous train should grow, Ah! Vice! could'st thou such scenes reOr shou'd continue foes;

view

[true? Go forth, my dear, my Delia, go,

Would'st thou not own chaste Virtue These civil feuds compose.

And like thy Sire on Eden's plain, Soon wilt thou see thy pow'r divine, “ Pine thy sad loss”—but pine in vain! O’er ev'ry eye extend;

Shiplon on Stour,

A.C. Since ne'er did cheek so soft as thine

March 6th, 1820. The varying Roses blend.

W. S. TRANSLATIONS FROM HORACE.

By Henry Rider, M. A. of Cambridge, RespecTPUL CONGRATULATIONS TO J. N.

published in 1644 1.
On his Birth-Day Lines *.

Booke I. Ope V.
HAIL, veteran Bard! thy Muse I greet,
Choice are her notes, divinely sweet!

To PYRRHA.
Joys such as these of “green old age,” The misery of them that dole on her.
At " Seventy-five" illume thy page;
No peevish plaints corrode her lay;

WHAT tender boy upon a rosie bed,

Being with liquid odours overspred, Joyous she notes thy natal day:

Within some pleasant bow'r, doth to thee With gratitude reviews the past; "Enjoys this day ;-nor fears her last !” True, " Age hath pains” and ills to grieve; Bind your gold locks, plain in your orna

(O Pyrrha) for thy love? for whom doe you But Heaven, and hope, those pains relieve.

ment? “ My strength in age !” expels the ill,

Alas, how oft shall the proud boy repent We lean on Him-are happy still.

Thy false faith, and contemoed deities, Submissive bow to God's behest,

And look with wonderment on those thy seas All He appoints, is (doubtless) best.

Made rough with black winds, who (too Thus tacit sang thy pious Muse;

credulous Boy) Thoughts she transmits that thought infuse; Does thee now as some golden prize enjoy ? Impels a distant Muse's lay,

Who hopes thoul't still be free to him, still To gratulate thy natal dayAnd chase her own dark glooms + away!

Ignorant of thy all-deluding aire ? [faire,

Wretched are they to whom untride you Say, can the Muse such glooms divert? No! she but hints a near support.

shine;

The wall, by sacred tables made divine, Religion's aids, and counsels kind,

Shewes I have hung my ship-racht robe on Alone can soothe the anxious miod;

Unto the Ocean's potent Deitie. Alleviate the poignant woes,

[high Which from a wounded spirit flows.

Books II. ODE III.
Digression done thy strains amend
Felicitate thy worthy friend!

To Gellius S.
Let gratulations, warm, sincere,

Since we must die, the minde must neither be Suppress awhile thy rising tear!

Dejected in adversity, nor puffed up in Though “ long bereft of early loves'. prosperity. And dearest frienships_heavenly doves, REMEMBER, Gellius, since thou must Calm, and serene his evening proves. To keepe a strong mind in adversitie, [die, * See page 159.

“ God is Light." + Occasioned by the severe illness of a + “ He (Satan) saw, and pined his beloved and only brother; now labouring loss."--Milton. under the heavy affliction of a paralytic $ See our present Number, p. 317. stroke,

Vulgò Dellius.

And

sue

made;

1820.]
Select Poetry.

351 And in best state from haughty gloryiog Would Tibur, by the Argive builder laid, free,

Might be the mansion of my old age Whether thou all thy life time pensive be, Or whether that thou do'st thine owne selse Be that the bound to him that's wearied feast,

quite Beiug in some secret Arbour laid to rest, With navigations, traveilings, and fight, With long stor'd liquor of the Falerne vine Which if the envious destinies denie On every holiday, where the tall pine, Unto Galisus pleasing streames ile hie, And white leav'd poplar, with their boughs Among the well-fleec'd sheepe, and to the do love

Ruld by Laconian Phalantus hand [land To knit in one an hospitable grove. That plat of ground above all pleases me, What's here to does the gliding river Whose honies no worse than Hymettian prides

bee,

(tend ; To run with murmurs by his winding sides. Whose olives with green Venafran conGoe bid the boyes bring wine and odours Where Jove long springs, and winter's bither,

[ther,

warme dotb send ; And fragrant buds of roses that soone wi. And Aulor, loving to the fertile vines, While our estates, and yeeres, and blacke Yields but a little to the Falern wines. threed-skeanes

That portion and those glorious buildings Of the three sisters do afford us meanes,

too, You purchas'd fields, and house, and farme Together with my selfe, doe wish for you ; shall lose

There with true teares you the warme dust By which the yellow.sanded Tiber flowes ;

shall blend These you shall part from, and your heire Of me that am thy poet and thy friend. Your riches raised to a mighty heape. It skils not whether you be rich in store,

PROLOGUE TO CHRONICON Descended from old Inachus ; or poore,

MIRABILE, &c. And of the meanest ranck ith' fields dost

[Reviewed in p. 246.] dwell; Thou’rt båt a feast for all-devouring hell: WHAT mingled scenes our motley page Thither we all are driven, all men's fate

displays Is shaken in one box, that soone or late Of human life, the party colour'd maze! Must have an end, and, as in Charon's Here weal and woe, birth, marriage, death, wherrie,

appear,

[year, To everlasting banishment must ferry. And various fortunes crowd the rolling

Here infant Riddells, without name, or Ope VI.

sire,

Io feeble wailings hopelessly expire * : To SeptiMIUS.

Here the young blood, some tale of horror He commendeth the sweetnesse of the aire

thrills;

[Mills ti about Tibur and Tarentum ; that he would The fate of Brass, the stob of Andrew willingly end his dayes with Septimius in Here Ferdinando feels dark Fenwick's one of them.

knife 8,

[his wife : Septimius, that niust goe to Cales with me, And here the Knight of Holmside 9 slays And to the Spaniards that unused be Brave Timothy! by wedlock three times To beare our yoakes, and to the barbarous

bound, shoares

And thrice be snapt the chain the villain Where still the Mauritanian Ocean roares:

priest had wound.

shall reape

* Vagitusque infantum in limine primo. Æneid VI. An endless succession of infant Riddells (without any other designation) occur in the Register of St. Nicholas, Newcastle.

+ On the 28th of January, 1683, Andrew Mills murdered three of the children of his master, John Brass, for which be was hung in chains near the spot. Part of the gibbet is still visible, and bears the name of Andrew's stob. See Merrington Register.

* Mr. John Fenwick, of Rock, stabbed Mr. Fardinandoe Forster, esq. Parlyment Man for Northumberland, the twenty-second day of August, 1701, betwixt the White Cross and the Thorn Tree. St. Andrew's Register, Newcastle. Appendix.

Sir Timothy Whittingham, son of Dean Whittingham, is reputed to have slain three wives ; and the tradition certainly derives some accession of strength from the following entry in the Register of All Saints, Newcastle.-"Dame Whittinghain, murthered by ber husband, bur. 17 April, 1604.”

Sir Timothy lived long after this fact, if fact it be; and he was appointed Provost Marshall to the Levies in the county of Durham, being recommended by the Bishop, as an aocient Knight and a severe justicer!!

Here

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