Customs of the Feejee Islands,

[April, ever obliged to consent, and took him It was that of a man above six feet on shore to a place where I knew a bigb , there was a large wound across piece large enough was lying: for I the forehead, and another at the top was well known on the island, and of the head, as if from the blows of a had some authority: but he was a club. I started back at the sight, and stranger ; and it was very dangerous the native exclaimed with emphasis ; for perfect strangers, ignorant of their Are you afraid ? Sanga, sanga, said language and customs, to trust them. I(no, no); I hope to feast op him toselves far from the shore. We had arrived at the log, and, having mea The people of these Islands always sured it, and found it not quite so eat human flesh cold: they roast it large as was agreed upon, were talk. one day, and eat it the next; and being about our bargain, when an old fore the body is cut to pieces, the woman, well known to me, appeared caloo performs a long ceremony. I with a large basket upon her shoul- went with my native friend to the ders. She came up to us, and, with- priest's house; he was then about to out addressing, me was usual, perform the usual incantation. He exclaimed in a dismaltone, War, war, had a long staff in his hands; and war.-I inimediately knew that some- having placed one end of it on the thing was wrong, and that all was not grouod,' he exercised himself viosafe. The man that was with me lently is reeling to and fro with it, till, would have fled to the boat ; but I overcome with the exercise, he fell advised him to stay by me, who was down, and the attendants carried him known, and could speak ihe language; into his house. He then said somewhereas, if he were seeŋ by himself thing in the mapoer of an oracle, running to his boat, there was a pro- which, as it was explained to me, bability of his being killed. He re meant that they would succeed in what mained therefore with me, and when they were about to uodertake, referwe had waited some time, a native ac- ring to a battle that was intended. quaintance came up. I enquired of The multitude then went down to him the meaning of the old woman's their dead enemy, and with pieces of expression; when he informed wood or bambo, made very sharp, that they had been at war; that they cut off his hands at the wrists, his feet had killed the Chief of Hyparcar; at the ankles, his legs at the knees, that they had had the good fortune and his thighs near the middle, dividto seize upon his body, and that they ing the bone with an axe, which they would feast upon it to-morrow; in. had purchased from one of the vessels viting me to be of the party.

that had been at the Island. The To enable me to have so intimate head was cut off very low toward the an intercourse with these people, I breast, and they placed it on some had to encounter inany dangers, and hot ashes that had previously been to conforın to maoy of their disgust. prepared in a hole dug for the puring customs. This horrible custom, pose; and when it had remained there however, of eating human flesh I had a sufficient time, they rubbed off the hitherto been able to avoid ; but it hair with shells, and replaced it with was necessary that I should seem to the other parts of the body in the acquiesce even in this, and, as the na hole, surrounding it on all sides with tives did, take a delight in it. To the stones that had been made very hot. native's invitation, therefore, I gave a They then covered it up till it was ready assent, seemed to rejoice at the completely roasted. I told the na. circumstance, and explained to him tives that I expected they would al. that, as I had just arrived from a low me my share of it; that I was cruise, and had pot lasted of fresh then going on board, but that I should food for some time, it would be par. Dot fail to come on shore on the morticularly welcome to me. I then row; but that, if I should be prewent about my other concerns; and in vented, I desired they would send my an hour or two the native that had share on board the brig. The men accosted me in the morning came up of Hylai (for that was the name of to me, and, as if by accident, led me the place) promised that I should not to the log of sandel wood we had be disappointed, and I then left them. been bargaining for. The body of On my going on board, I told my the captive had been laid beside it. mate what was going forward, and



1820.] Customs of the Feejee Islands.

899 desired that, when the human flesh sels who had any authority among should be brought on-board for them, and was permitted to live on me, he should say, I was gone on

shore. shore; and that when they should One of the most extraordinary cir. tell him what they bad brought, he cumstances among them is, the ex. should seem disgusted, and refuse to cessive value they set upon large receive it on board ; that he should teeth, such as those of the whale or say, that although the Captaiv was sea elephant. So that persons going fond of it, yet that he hated it, and to procure sandel wood from them that they might carry it on-shore generally take with them as many of again, for he would not receive it. these teeth as they can procure. On the following day it was done as The principal things they barler I desired; they brought the roasted for are axes, knives, or razors; but buman flesh along-side, and the mate they will give as much wood for one refused to admit it on board, at the large tooth, as for five or six axes. same time exclaiming violently against This regard they put upon large teeth the custom. They at length went on is the more extraordinary, as they do shore with it, very much disappoioted, not seem to make any use of them, and threatening that, if they inet with except as ornaments. him, they would kill bim.

When a pative, by purchase or any Two lays after this I went among other means, becomes pos essed of a them again. I thought I might turn the large tooth, he bangs it up in his circunstance of the human flesh to house, and for the first few days my advantage. I pretended to be very scarcely ceases looking upon it and migry with them, said that they had admiring it. He frequently takes it deceived me; that they had not sent down, aod rubs it with a particular me my share of the human flesh. kind of leaf, and polishes it; some of They persisted in affirming that they them almost for a month continue to had sent it along-side, and that the labour upon it. mate would not receive it. I enquir The vessels from Port Jackson ed, I told them, when I went on usually carried the teeth of the whale board, and that no one had seen or or sea elephant; but some vessels heard of it, and, added I, I bave been from India carried elephants' teeth, greatly disappointed. -- Finding it which they cut into pieces, and made therefore in vain to persuade me that in the shape of other teeth. These, they had sent it to me; they railed being very large, were considered of against the mate, and repeated that if the greatest value, and procured vast they met him on shore they would quantities of sandel wood. So great kill him.

an account was set upon them, that Carrying on the deception, I im some chiefs actually came from ismediately went to the mother of Ric. lands more than an hundred miles discammong. I told her that I was very tant to see them. angry that I had been disappointed They set no value on money. A and deceived. She spoke respectfully ship called the Eliza, with several to me, as, chiefs generally do when thousand dollars on board, was wreckthey address each other. Io a very ed ou a reef near one of these islands. low submissive voice she said (for the master of her put about four even here there is prevalent a great thousand of them in the jolly-boat, portion of Eastern bombast), if you and made for the island that was most are angry, ine shall die. She then de- frequented, where he found a vessel manded what could be done to pacify froin Port Jackson, and got on board me? I told her I must have a cer. of her. The jolly-boat was left towtaio quantity of sandel wood. She ing a-stern, and some hours had

pasg. therefore immediately sent some of ed before the master of the shipher servants to collect it for me ; wrecked vessel mentioned the dollars which appeased me, and I returned being left in the boat. It happened on board.

that this was done in the presence of Soon after this, having collected the male, who reported it to one of my cargo, I left the place, and have the sailors, and they removed them heard no more of these people. They by stealth. Some of them they conare a dangerous race to go among; cealed in their cabins, and others the and I was the only person of five ves. accomplice took on shore, aod buried.


South Family. -Condition of the Poor. (April, Some of the patives, however, saw Arms (taken from their Seals) with him covering something up, and when the one in your Correspondent's poshe went away they dug up the dole session, I am inclined io think they lars. On the following morning they are descendants of the same Sir Francis were widely distributed among the South; and shall be much obliged to patives, who parted with them for your Correspondent for his opioion the merest trifles, such as nails, pins, thereon), and any further elucidation or small pieces of iron.

upon the subject. A man called Savage, who had been The three brothers are men of resome time among the natives at Ton. spectability; the eldest lives upon his gataboo, about this time came to the fortune, the second holds a siiuation Island, and hearing where the wreck in one of the Public Offices uoder the was, went to the place, and found the Lord Chancellor, and the youngest is dollars lying in heaps upon the beach. an Officer in the Army; aod I have

Such is the account given me by Mr. frequently heard them mention that Siddons; I cannot vouch for the their father was born at a place near truth of it, but am inclined to believe Brigg (Glanford Bridge) in Lincolnthat it is mostly true. To many it shire. may appear to be too much allied to The eldest brother imagioes they the voyages of Sinbad the Sailor, but are descendants of the celebrated Dr. I would not disbelieve it on that ac South; and jocosely observes, when count. From many persons I have any piece of wit flows from them, heard similar accounts, but very few that it is a remnant of the “ old have had the opportunity of seeing so Doctor;" but I caupot think they bemuch of these people as Siddoos. long to bis family, as their armis du There is a possibility also of some of not correspond, aod from a little pubthe circumstances that I have ined Jication which came under your Retioned in this account having been view* (and which I sent him) it appublished before, especially in the peared the Doctor was oot born in Missionary Voyage; which being the Lincolnshire; but there is much greater case, one account may be set against probability of their being related to the other; and may either confirm Sir Francis South, who, it appears, the truth of it, or render it doubtful. belonged to that county. Siddons lived on the Island, I believe, Yours, &c.

MENTOR. several years, and had house and lands; perhaps wives. If he be not the Missionary himself mentioned in Mr. URBAN,

March 3. Pinkertoo's Geography, as having MONG the different schemes for forsaken the original purpose of his visiting the Islands, namely, that of poor, it does not appear, according propagating the Gospel, for the more to the knowledge of the present wrisensual gratifications of life ; at least ter, to bave entered into the calcuit is probable that the one may have lation, what metbod the poor thembeen known by the other, and inay selves take to ameliuriate their sibe mentioned accordingly. T

tuation. What they do to ure count I heard from Sidduns himself, themselves is well-known, and thereand I thought it worth while to com fore nothing shall be said upon that mit it to paper.

head; but where evils are only to be Torre's Strails, Aug. 5, 1815. corrected by education, there was

sonjething impolitic in making the

question so prominent. It has largely Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 14. contributed to the support of RadiN intimale friend of mine is much calism, a folly indeed but to be ex

obliged to your Correspon- pected, among the poor in a luxudent “ T. A.” for the particulars of rious nation, where ambition, not of the family of Sir Francis South, and honour, fame, or character, but of the ancient Seal Ring, engraved in indulgence and idleness falls in, by your last Supplement to your ex the course of events, where a druukeo cellent Magazine, page 578. There are now three brothers,

* It was, if I recollect right, the BeauJohn, William, and James South; and ties of Dr. South and another Reverend from a comparison of their Coat of Divine.


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1820.] On ameliorating the Condition of the Poor. 301 manufacturer or foppish foots facturers in the Western counties conmap wishes to ape the mappers of sists of dumplings of barley-flour, posuperiors.

tatoes, red herrings, and once a week The poor, in the Western parts of perhaps a joint of meat. The wiser England, where there are no manu sort substitute an excellent twice-a. factures, know oothing whatever of week divner of grey peas. politicks. Their wages are commonly The agriculturists in the same 18. per day, with their food. The counties have a better plan. They methods which they take to supply keep a pig, which they kill in the deficiency of income are application winter time for bacon for the year, to the Overseers, and surreptitious after fattening it to the amount of fourenclosures of wastes.

teen or fifteen score. The net profit of As to the first, much of that evil such a pig is often not less than six is alleviated by amending the parish or seveo pounds. They rear also a apprentice system as follows. In. large quantity of potatoes, and some stead of taking the children off their poultry for sale. Their costume is hands, and thus enuring them to lus. the old Anglo-Saxop, the smock. ury, and disqualifying them for out. frock; the best for husbandry purdoor agricultural employments, a poses, as it does not heat like woolweekly allowance of 28. or 25. 6d. len, leaves the arms at liberty, does is given to the child, who is employed not rend like cloth, and can be wash. by the master, but he boards and ed. The Sunday clothing is as va. sleeps at home. The stipend goes rious as a rag-fair exhibition ; but is into hotch-potch; and the larger the preserved like a heir-loom.-In all family the more the amount in aid of countries, the poor get drunk whenthe weekly income of the parents. ever they are able ; but the wiser part,

As to the second, every cottage only when they are trealed. should have a garden at least large From the preceding statements, enough to produce vegetables, suf- therefore, it appears that, taking the ficient to pay the rent. It is quite conduct of the poor themselves as a dubious, in many cases, whether more basis, the remedies of want are than the fee-sinple of a purchased among themselves. 1. A large garden, estate is not, by taking in wastes, con or potatoe ground.--2. Grey peas.-3. sumed io loss of time; for the follow. A pig. ing aecount is well authenticated. A it is evident that a dioper of poman purchased a quantum of waste tatoes, wilh a rasher of fat bacon, is land for thirty-five pounds. He was much cheaper than one of bread and seen perpetually labouring upon it. cheese : and in the Royal Navy, peas A neighbouring gentlemau made a boiled in the broth were, I believe, particular enquiry, coocerning the doled to the men twice a week, as a expenditure of labour which he had vegetable diel, to controul the effects bestowed upon the ground, and the of the scurvy from salted viands. It amount of the proceeds. These, as requires very few peas indeed to fur. the ground was barren woodland, mish a sufficient meal. amounted only to very scanty, crops

Gentlemen, therefore, disposed to of potatoes. The value of the labour have their peasantry healthy and well expended was equal to 601.--This, fed, would do well to encourage the added to the purchase, 351. made 951. annexation of large gardens lo cotan acre, given for land, not worth 78. tages, a certaio growth of peas in an acre rent per ann. or at thirty their parishes, and the custom of years purchase ten guineas.-Arable keeping pigs. lo Herefordshire it is land without stock (which the poor universal, so far as regards villages. have not), cannot be kept in a high Every housekeeper has one, if not state of production, but the poor more pigs; and it is considered an waste their time in assorting and clean act of folly not to have one. ing it, to their great loss; and how club would be just as beneficial, as unjustly they are subject to envy, for for watches, leather-breeches, gaining a loss (as the honest Hiber. &c.; and philanthropic gentlemen, nian said) must be well known to where the population has been small, those who have made large sacrifices bave been known to present their under bills of inclosure.


for buying pigs. The subsistence of the poor mapu

Yours, &c.

R. E.

A pig


302 Mr. James Ducarel on Norman Antiquities. [April, Extract of a Letter from James by the colour, but some shields still Ducarel, Esq. to his Brother Dr. remain. We measured its length, 64

feet 9 inches French measure, but I Ducarel, dated Caen, Jan. 25, 1764.

believe we lost the 3 inches by inac. CESTERDAY I went to exa

curacy; the width 27 ed Antiquary the Guard -room and had a like fine chimney, now destroye Barons'-hall at the Abbey of St. Ste. ed, and a like pavement with the other phen's, which for 400 years past room, only that instead of arms, there has been changed to a granary for are stags and dogs iu full chase, good wheat, and had the good luck to find windows, and the entry to it through it quite empty of every thing what the guard-room, which it joins at right ever, and clean swept, in order to re- angles. My friend further shewed me ceive new wheat ibis day. Conse: the original picture of the Duke Wilquently I could see those coats of liam, from whence that in the Sale de arms of Norman mobility you have compagnie (which you took for Henry asked after, and which few of the peo- the VIII.) was drawn-it lays neglectple, even of the mooks, have ever ed in the porter's-lodge, up one pair heard of; they are perfect and entire, of stairs, as big as the life, and no io eight rows, from East to West, as

ways resembles those we have of near as I could guess; the pavement Harry-it is still in good condition, as fresh as if it had been laid down and I dare say I could purchase for but yesterday, because the squares, i five guineas-the Sub-prior attended which may be about four inches every me and my friend, who further shew. way, and an inch English thick, had ed me the round point of the Church been burned even to vitrification..., internally, and the art of the architect, bave obtained one of the pavez with who has ordered matters so, that from a coat of arms, which had been taken

the centre you see 7 chappels with ap in order to make a hole through, their 14 windows, as if made to answer which, by means of a tube, they shift to that centre, though every window the wheat into the room underneath. is in an oblique direction-this centre This pavement I propose to give you is behind the great altar, and made there are amongst the arms, some half of a great circle. We went up that are repeated, but which may have stairs in the superb galleries - he been of two or three brothers—the shewed me that, to avoid the enor. spaces between each row are a kind

mous weight, the stone, which make of tesselated pavement-in the middle the inside work of the upper parts is are others in a circle, to make a maze

of a porous and much lighter compowhich people were to tread, so that sition than the rest of the Church ; of in the circumference of perhaps ten which stone I have also got a piece feet, you must have walked a mile for you - there are five stories, or 'before you had gone through every galleries one above the other-I went part-in other places are draughl. only two story bigh, for the small boards in the pavement, such as are stair-cases are dark, and the ways used to this day, where I suppose they higher, dangerous to a short-sighted played at chess - the two end win. man--the design was to be able to dows were roses, part of the fine paint. repair every where without scaffolded glass is still to be seen, though ing. I am clearly of opinion that there stopped up in the rose part with linic

were as sure grounds of architecture and plaister ; the two great chimbeys then as in the time of the Romans remain as you will see in your draught I am told the naine of the builder is when I can get it--the arched ceiling behind the great altar-I will go and is supported by most light and ele.

sce for it when I have leisure, for I gant wood-work- the door itself, did not thiok of it yesterday, and inthough of old carved wood, is as old deed it was almost dark before I had as the building.

done. The new Sub-prior, my friend, “ To the left is the room, or hall tells me that at Freeainp and Jumiege, of the Barons ; round which were there are two great curiosities, one hung their arms in the shields which the picture of Duke Richard, well I suppose they then bore.

The preserved—the other, a Guard-room, place where they hung, at about 18 wider than this of Caen is long. I feet from the ground, is evident cannot conceive why, instead of build

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