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History of. Wiltshire. ----Public Taxes. (Jan. Mr.URBAN, Tavistock-place, Jan.l. racy and extent of information to
AVING undertaken to write the that of any other portion of the Hundreds of Chippenhamn and North free and full communication on any Damerham, in the County of Wilts," subject connected with this undertak, I feel particularly anxious to rendering; and can assure my correspondeuts, the same as accurate and satisfactory that no labour or zeal shall be want, as possible. I am therefore induced ing on my part to amalgamate the to adopt this mode of inquiry, from a materials, to analyze facts, and to persuasion that there are many gen elucidate the Topography of these tlemen resident in, or belonging to two Hundreds. the Hundreds of Chippenbam and Though I have visited every PaNorth Damerham, who can reader rish in these two Hundreds, it is my much valuable assistance in such an intention to make a more particular undertaking, and who' will be most survey of each at the earliest oppor.' likely to contribute such assistance, tuoity.
J. BRITTON, when they are assured that it is to promote and effect a Topographical
Jan. 10. History of Wiltshire. It must be Will you submit the following ty, thal Sir Richard Hoare has an Say there is 10,0001, circulating nounced his intention of publishing medium, and that this belongs to the History of some portions of Mo. 1 person
£.1000 dern Wiltshire *, after having com 2 persons £.500 each.. pleted bis interesting Work on the
10 persons.....100 each.. British and Roman Antiquities, and
20 persons......50 each.......... that he has invited different geotle
persons...... 25 eacb...............1000
80 persons......12 10s. each......... 1000 inen to co-operate in this laudable
100 persons...... 6 5s. each..........1000 undertaking. This is to constitute
320 persous...... 3 2s. 6d, each..... 1000 part of that Work. It has often been
persons...... I lls. 3d. each.... 1000 remarked with surprise and regret, 1280 persons...... () 15s. 74d. each... 1000 that this County has been singularly neglected by the Topographer and
£.10,000 Aotiquary; whilst many other Eng. lisb counties have been amply, and
1.2000 is borrowed of this sum of even repeatedly illustrated. Till I 10,000, and lent by the first five depublished two volumes in 1800, and scription of persons, and taxes are one more copious, and more Topo laid on lo pay the interest on the graphical, in 1814, there had scarcely 20001. borrowed. What is the effecl 3 been a volume written on the Paro. -say the taxes are laid on articles of chial History of the County t. i general consumption, malt and tea therefore more eagerly come forward for instance; who pay these taxes ? on the present occasion, and shall why say 2553 persons drinking beer zealously endeavour to illustrate the and tea; and the taxes being on the district above named; because it was number of persons, and not on the the scene of my birth and childhood, property, those that have the least because I have some esteemed friends property pay the same as those that there who have promised to assist me, have the most; which must, in the and because I have already collected end, in the abstract view, soon rea large mass of materials towards the duce those that have least, to ruin Work. Still eager to render “ The first, and so on; and thus produce a History of Chippenbam and North pressure downwards, which is just the Damerbam Hundreds” equal in accu case with the country at the present
moment. * See his “ Hints on the Topography of
But it will be said the 1001. per Wiltshire."
anpun, taken away from the whole + The first, entitled “ The Beauties of by the taxes on malt and tea, is reWiltshire," a third volume of wbich, to
turned again in the shape of interest, complete the work, is now ready for the
and that the same money circulates, press. The second forms part of "the True, it does so ; but it circulates in Beauties of England,” but may be pur
the shape of an altered properly ;. chased as a separate work.
and as all cannot have the means of
1820.) Public Taxes. -Rev. Joseph Spence.
29 acquiring it back again by industry, there. He resided mostly at Byfleet as some are old and incapable of it, in Surrey, in a small villa given him it goes to change the basis of properly, for life by his pupil, the (thev) Earl till the one of little ineans, incapable of Lincoln. In June 1742, he was of exertion, loses his all. So much made Professor of Modern History at for the benefit of unequal taxation. Oxford, and 24th May 1754, a Pre
Try agaio ;-say, instead of uo. bendary of Durham. In June 1758, equal taxation, ll. per cent. per an he made a visit, in company with Mr. bum is taken from the 10001. to pay R. Dodsley, at the Leasowes. From the interest of the money borrowed; thence, after staying a week or ten those that lend it pay their propor- days, he and Mr. Dodsley proceeded tion as well as the otbers, and the tax to Durham, and then went on a tour is capable of being continued for a to Scotland, of wbich Mr. Spence inuch greater length of time without wrote some account to me. On their the poorest losing his all: but still return, Mr. Dodsley made an afterio tbe event, destruction must come noon visit to a distant relation at to him, if he bave no means of in Duffield in Derbyshire, a Miss Eliz. creasing his store.
Cartwright, a handsome, deceot, and Let it also be recollected, the higher accomplished youog wonan ; with the taxation, the bigher the price of whose conversation and madness Mr. every thing must be; then see with Speace was so charmed, that he took wbai increased force taxation presses a memorandum of her in his pockelupon all who bave fixed or limited book, aod left her a genteel legacy in meacs of existence, such as rent his will. lo 1764, Mr. Dodsley died charges, life-anouities, salaries, &c. wbile vo a visit to him at Durham, and these descriptions of persons are and was buried by his friend in the not few in this counlry; putting aside Cathedral there, August 26, 1768. the necessity of increasing the price Mr. Spence was unfortunately drownof labour, to procure a bareexistence. ed io a capal in bis garden at Byfleet.
What is then to be done? tbe old He was found flat on his face at the maxim of two evils choose the least, edge, where the water was too sbalequalize your taxes. This will not low to cover his head. He most cure, but will long keep alive. likely fell down in a fit.He was of a
What has been written may be spare and feeble constitution, very fallacy; but it appears to me to be temperate in his hours aod way of trutb.
FORTESCUE. life, cheerful and entertaining in con
versation. His features bore some Mr. URBAN,
Dudley Vicarage, resemblance to the celebrated Mr.
Jan. 12. Locke, but had more sweetness and N addition to the communication beuignity of couotevance. His works
are numerous; besides the well-known Part ii. page 412), concerniog Spence, “ Polymetis," in folio, he left some the following, perbaps, will be deem MS vols. now in the possession of the ed of some imporlance, on account of Duke of Newcastle. In this volume," having Sbensione for their author, (i. e. the first volume of Fugitive in whose hand-writing I possess then, Pieces), “ Crito, and the Account of prefixed to two volumes (once his the Emperor of China's Gardens, are property), intituled “Fugitive Pieces by his hand. In the second volume, on various Subjects, by several Au the Parallel between Magliabechi and thors. Prioted for R. and J. Dodsley, Hill was written by him also. He is 1761."
commemorated by Mr. J. Ridley in “ Joseph Spence, M.A. took this bis Tales of the Genii, under the apadegree 2d Nov. 1727; was Fellow of grammaticappellation of Pbesoi New Coll. Oxon ; was elected Poetry Ecneps, or Dervise of the Groves.” Professor 11th July, 1728 ; which be Under the title of the third piece in held ten years. He quitted bis Fel the first volume, by Wm. Hay, Esq. lowship on being presented by his Deformity,” Shenstone bas wrii. College to the Rectory of Great Hor. ten, “ The Author was born at Glenwood in Buckioghamshire. He oever burne, near Lewes in Sussex, and died resided at his Living, but made an 19 June, 1755.” Under that of the apoual visit to Horwood, and did fourth piece, intituled “ Lucina sine many acts of charity to the Poor Concubitu, addressed to tbe Royal
" Fugitive Pieces.”—Protestant Nunneries. (Jan. Sociely," he has written, “ By the Carthusian severities, por the "hairy celebrated Dr. Sir John Hill, who gown,” nor“ mossy cell," are requiwas born about the year 1716, and site; yet a calm sequestered seclusion, died in Nov. 1766.” Under that of with a certain degree of order, reguthe first piece in the second volume, lation, and conformity, would be the intituled " A Vindication of Natural best of all for those who, from me. Society," he has written, “ By Mr. lancholy disappointments, misfore Burke.”. Under that of the second tubes, or tired of the world's woes, piece, intituled “ The History and seek a final dereliction of life, to avoid Antiquities of the antient Villa of insult, ignominy, and affliction. Wheatfield, in the County of Suffolk,” With the pathos of Mr. Fosbrooke, he has written, “ By the Rev. Mr. we may indeed say, John Clubbe, Rector of Wheatfield,
“ Alas! there now are no Elysian bowers and Vicar of Debenham.”
To sepulchre among the living dead,
A lose thing, when life's day in tempests
lowers, (shrieking hours.” Mr. URBAN,
Jan. 13. And Grief the painted wings rends of the AM pleased to see thal Mr. Fog Economy of Monastic Life, p. 342. ably reviewed in the last Quarterly
There are these objections; this is Review. The critique having for its not exactly the age when religious object a professed recommendation of retirement could be accompanied with Protestant Nunneries, the Reviewers
those particular associations which, have omitted, as well as the author, in the æras of Catholicism, gave it to name, among others, who have
almost a romantic dignity, and shed ardently engaged in attempting to
over it “ a dim religious light" of form such establishments, a fair Au. peculiar sober serenity. Such a dethoress, who has often been compli. scription of existence could never be mented in your pages, Mrs. Whitford, pleasing to those who had been eduthe writer of " Constantia Neville, or
cated in present times ; the days when the West Indian,” &c. The work’al. this “sweet simplicity of life had its luded to is “ Thoughts and Remarks pure controul, are very decisively on establishing an Institution for the elapsed. If there should be any such Support and Education of unportion modern Institution, it must be very ed respectable Females," 1809. Mrs. exclusively confined to persons of Wbilford, who seems to have had a some superiority of soul and educa. very large experience in the dilapida. tion; and, as Mrs. Whitford observes, tion of elegant families, appears to
those who have have had an asylum for such sacri. “That peace which goodness bosoms ever.” fices to misfortune in view, and her Solitude can never be recommended plau seems to have been pious and without evil consequences to such as wise; the establishment is suggested possess vulgar, restless, and vacant to be national, and of the religious habits, instead of the “ finer moveprinciples of the Church of England, ments of the soul," taste and senti. the situation, Yorkshire,-education, 'ment. Scotch. She has quoted Bishop Bur I ain glad to see Mr. Fosbrooke's net's favourable arguments, and the " British Monacbism” very well Rev. William Tooke, that a similar spoken of by a respectable Work, and jostitution, founded by the Empress one which has appeared to me, perCatherine, exists in Russia ; with a haps fancifully, rather retrcating on great deal, we think, of peculiar fe- most occasions from concession of male knowledge urged in support of merit. There is a view which may it.-She justly observes, that a respectbe taken of the utility of that Work, able asylum of this nature would which is rather peculiar to myself; its spare from association with vulgar power of exhibiting the irrational illiterate persons, that description of tendency to nonconformity, and this single women to whom limited, in- in a very philosophical manner, by comes have fallen, from the families discovering the wretched pride, prehaving been broken up by the death judices, and superstitions of older of the fathers.
times; and which is singularly imiMy opinion is certainly favourable tated at present, on a much ineaner to such institutions, though neither scale, by certain casts of religious
1820.) “ British Monachism."- Sedition suppressed. 31 thinkers, whose babits of reasoniog, A geveral panic pervaded the whole couoand opacities of understanding, would try; and even in those parts where the receive much benefit from a little storm did not rage, there was a swell upon more knowledge, and a little less en-' the face of the waters, which to an expe
rienced observer conveyed too certain thusiasm. The history of Monks
marks of a near and tremendous danger. discovers to us all the infirmities of
While the Reformers were daily assembuman faculties, and that peculiar bling thousands of men at given times kiod of insanity which we take to
and places, in order to accustom the counbave religious excesses for its hobby, try to the light, preparatory to an exploand has beeu so universal in ex sion, just as we break in a horse to stand citiog every extravagance, from mo fire by flashing an unloaded pistol before nastic pomp and pageantry, down his eyes, they were nightly training their wards to its inferior mock-bird in sus adherents to military evolutions, and prepicioa, gross ignorance, and paltry paring in secret the arms which were disgusting attributes, the sectariad- shortly to be put into their hands. Elated işın of this country. What I think of by their increasing numbers, and confi
dent in their growing strength, they disa puritauical hierarchy is, that it would resemble'the Romish Church jects, and began openly to proclaim their
dained any longer to conceal their obin every thing besides its splendour purposes, and audaciously boast of the and majesty, that it would debase certaiuty of their success : like the beasts physical superiority, indeed as the fas of the forest, which creep up to their prey civating and admirable author of while they think it can escape, but when « Woman" has observed, “ Litera near enough to be sure of their victim, ture, Science, the Arts; all that agi start forth in the full display of their tertates or embellishes life, all that rors, the more effectually to arrest its makes human existence superior to
Hight, and paralyze resistance. Fortuthat of the beasts that perish, would
nately we had an Administration neither
blind to the danger nor afraid to do their be lost, confounded, trampled on;" and this the “ British Monachism” duty; wise enough to see the necessity of
assembling Parliament, bold enough not, convincingly shows.
to precipitate the meeting, and, during There is one sect of this country, the interval, to stand themselves in the the Quakers, exceeding all others in breach. The measures resolved upon practical virtue and good sense, to were prepared with moderation, but with whom I would not be deemed to al. firmness; when proposed, they seemed to lude, or include in my heartfelt com every dispassionate man wbat he himself sniseration.
V. would have suggested, if it had been bis
business to frame them. They appeared Mr. URBAN,
10 grow naturally out of the peculiar cha
racter of the danger against which they The following extract from “ Fe.
were to provide, and they were voted by
triumphant and unexampled majorities. 80 congenial with the general tenor The good consequences are already felt: of your Magazine, that I doubt not
confidence begins to revive; the seditious your readily giving it a wider circa and the traitorous are crest-fallen; the lation.
M. Green. well-affected and loyal are re-assured;
they feel that their Legislature will stand “ The sitting of Parliament which has by ihem, and, protected by the shield of just passed, will form one of the most im.
the Law, they are encouraged to place portant periods of our history. It has
themselves in an attitude of self-defence. been short but eventful; the energy and
These are the glorious moments of the the wisdom of the Government, backed by
British Constitution ; it is in a crisis like the good sense and firmness of Parliament,
this that the lover of his country should have rescued us from great danger, and fall down and worship.” warded off most serious calamities. Never did six weeks produce a greater change in the feelings and situation of the country. Mr. Urban,
Jan. 20. What was our condition when Parliament
WISH to call the attention of your assembled ? In extensive districts the laws of the land were nearly suspended, delivered by Mr. Charles Whitlaw,
readers to the Lectures on Botany property was violated with impunity, life was threatened without disguise, the ope
Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn rations of industry were interrupted, the Fields, whose system is peculiarly intransactions of commercial intercourse at teresting They are accompanied a sland, the proprietor was menaced, the with transparent Paintings of the vaMagistrate reviled, defied, and resisted. rious subjects on which he lectures.
32 Whitlaw's Botanical Lectures._Oxford Examinations. [Jan. Elegant and correct delineations of
Jan. 17. the classes, orders, genera, and species ROM the formidable impressions, of the LINNAAN SYSTEM OF BOTANY, and his Natural Orders of Plants, grees in the University of Oxford are displayed on a magnified scale, so have made upon maoy parents, I am as to be seen by a large audience. induced to submit to you some hints. The facility with which students, by Whether they are adopted, or not, is his mode of teaching, may compre
a matter in which I have no concern. hend the Lionæan System, and the in). I mean no disrespect to the learned pressions of the hieroglypbic resem body which has instituted these exablances, strike the inquiring eye, minations, nor do I question the macarry home to the mind ideas lasting pifest propriety of such an institution. as life, and give them just concep I merely speak, from reflection, that tions of the grcat power and wisdom it is a hard case for many parents to of the Creator, in the coustruction expend vast sums in the education of and government of the world, and so 800s, who, when they apply for de. admirably displayed in the vegetable grees, are plucked (as failure upon kingdom, who, from a few simple Examination is denominated) for no and primary elements combined in other reason'sometimes, but, because peculiar proportions, educes all that the, Exainination crowds too much variety and profusion of substances
into one process. which the vegetable kingdom ex From the time of Aristotle, division bibits.
of labour has obtained credit for being Mr. Whitlaw, in his last Lecture, con a grand source of improvement. At cluded his remarks on the great im. present the Examination is divided portance of the study of Botany, by into a Lilile-go and a Great-go; colan observation from that great and loquial appellations of the facetious illustrious luminary of science, Francis great children, sucking at the bosom Bacon, who, having explored and de. of Alma Mater. Such cant terms are veloped the true foundations of hu common in the language of the man knowledge, with a sagacity and Brazen Age. I meau not, however, penetration unparalleled in the his to offend their beardless mavhoods by tory of mankind, and having dared to this humble squib : 'on the contrary, disengage himself from the felters of I solemnly believe that they form the academical authority, denounced as finest and cleverest body of youths in vain and idle the visionary specu.. the kingdoni ; and, as the Examinalations of the schools, and boldly tiou is a dose of physick, which they pointed out the necessity of a com. are obliged to take, I only wish to plete and thorough revolution in all render it more palatable. pre-established methods of study. lostead, therefore, of mixiog the
Recommending the more tedious, Examinations, I think it would be an but yet more successful method of improveinent, if they were divided analytical and inductive investigation, into three stages, as follows: and proclaiming truth to be but the Second Year's Standing. The Exaimage of mature, the great Linnæus mination in the Classicks, which I has observed, “ Thai existence is found upon this principle, that being surely contemptible which regards the nearest to departure from School, only the gratification of instinctive there is less oblivion of the proficiency wants, and the preservation of a body brought from thence. made to perish: it is therefore the Third Year's Standing. The Litere business of a thinking being to look Humaniores. forward to the purposes of all things, Fourth Year's Stunding. Term beand to remember that the end of cre fore the Degree. Divinity. ation is, that God may be glorified in These, I believe, are the chief all his works.”
points of study ; and it certainly acMr. Whitlaw has travelled sixteen cords with reason, that the focus of years as a practical Botanist in the mind being directed to one object at West Indies, Spanish America, the a time, a greater solidity of know. Uniled States, and Canada. He has ledge will be acquired, with infinitely lectured on Botanical subjects in most inore ease to the students. It is an of the Colleges in the States and old rule, that if you mean
to do Canada.
BoranICUS. things well, you should never do but