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1820:} Sir Vicary Gibbs. -Benjamin West, Esq. 275 General Dandas was appointed in 1804 ter county, Pennsylvania, Oct. 10, 1738. Governor of, Chelsea Hospital, and a His ancestors, who were Quakers, emiKnight of the Bath. In 1809 he was grated from England with the celebrated honoured by the appointment of Com legislator of Pennsylvania; and Mr.John wander in Chief, which situation he West, the father of the Artist, who was held two years, to the entire satisfac of the same persuasion, went over to tion of his Sovereign and the Army, America, where the other branches of The next and last mark of the Royal his family had settled. He married a favour which Sir David received, was the relation in that country, by whom he Colonelcy of the 1st Regiment of Dra had ten children, the youngest of whom goon Guards, which he held to the day, was Benjamin. By his father's side he of his much-lamented death.
was lineally descended from Lord Dela;
ware, who distinguished himself in the SIR VICARY GIBBS.
wars of Edward III. and at the battle of Feb. 8. The late Sir Vicary Gibbs Cressy under the Black Prince. Col. (whose death is noticed in p. 190) was James West, the friend and companion educated at Eton Schoul, and in 1772 in arms of the celebrated Hampden, was was elected to King's College, Cam the first of the family who embraced the bridge, as a scholar on Lord Craven's tenets of the Quakers. The maternal foundation, where he distinguished bim grandfather of the Artist, Thomas Pearself by his attainments in classical litera son, was the well-known confidential ture; and where he took the degree of friend of Wm. Penn. B. A. 1772, and proceeded M. A. 1775. The object which first called forth and He rossessed strong powers, and had discovered the genius of West, was that attained profound legal knowledge, by of a sleeping infant, whom he was one great industry and long practice. He day placed to watch in the absence of its rose gradually by his own merits and mother, he being then about seven years diligence. In the earlier part of his old. The child happened to smile in its life be was what is styled a popular sleep, when he was so forcibly struck Counsel; being employed for the Pri with its beauty, that he seized pens, ink, soners in the State Trials in 1794, as and paper, which happened to lie by second tu ihe present Lord Erskine, him, and endeavoured to delineate a but seeing the evil which arose from the portrait, though at this period he had uncurbed licentiousness of demagogues never seen an engraving or a picture. who abuse the name of Freedom, he be The year after he was sent to school in came a firm prop of established rule, the neighbourhood. During his bours and a resolute supporter of regal autho of leisure he was permitted to draw with rity. He was appointed King's Counsel pen and ink, fur it did not occur to any in the same year; and in 1795 was made of the family to provide him with better Solicitor General to the Prince of Wales, materials. In the course of the summer and was also elected Recorder of Bristol. a party of Indians came to pay their He was appointed Solicitor General in annual visit 10. Springfield, who being 1805, which office he resigned on the amused with the sketches of birds and change of administration in 1806. At fowers which Benjamin showed them, the General Election in 1807, he was taught bim to prepare the red and yel. chosen one of the Representatives in low colours with which they painted Parliament for the University of Cam. their ornaments. To these his mother bridge; and on Mr. Perceval's adminię. added blue, by giving him a piece of intration coming into power, was made At digo; and thus, in a manner' which torney General, which laborivus situation might almost be mistaken for a poetical he held till 1812, when he was appoint. fiction rather than a fact, was be put in ed one of the Judges of the Court of possession of the three primary colours. Cominon Pleas, In 1813 he was made His drawings at length attracted the Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and soon attention of his neighbours, who bapafterwards Chief Justice of the Court of pening to regret that the Artist had no Common Pleas, on the resignation of pencils, be inquired what kind of things Sir James Mansfield, which important those were, and they were described to office he was obliged to resign in 1818, him as camels' hair fastened in a quill. on account of ill health,
As, then, he could not procure camels'
bair, he supplied the deficiency by cutBENJAMIN West, Esg.
ting with his mother's scissars some fur March 10. Aged 82, Benjamin West,' from the end of the cat's tail. From the Esq. President of the Royal Academy. frequent repetition of this depredation,
The venerable and bighly-respected his father observed the altered appear. Artist, who is the subject of this Me. ance of his favourite, and lameuted it noir, was born at Springfield in Ches as the effect of disease; but when the
Benjamia West, Esq. Pres. R. A. [Marchi young Amist, with due contrition, in. Twelve months after his visit to Phila. formed him of the true cause, the old detpbia, young West went to Chester gentleman was much pleased with his county, and in the course of painting a ingenuousness. In the following year number of portraits became acquainted Mr. Pennington, merchant of Philadel. with one William Henry, an extraordipbia, paid a visit to the West family, nary mechanic, who had acquired a forand being struck with the genius of the tune by his abilities. This was the perboy, upon his return home to the city, son that first set hinn upon painting sent him a box of paints and pencils, History ; and the subject of the first with several pieces of canvass, and six historical picture was the Death of Soengravings by Grevling. Nothing could crates, which Mr. Henry took great exceed the rapture of West upon the pains to explain to him from Plutarcba" receipt of this present; he rose at the By Mr. Henry's interest, the young artist dawn of the next.day, carried the box was sent to Philadelphia, to receive clasinto the garret, prepared a pallet, aud sical instruction from Provost Smith, began to imitate the figures in the en until sixteen years old. When lie had gravings. Enchanted with his art, he attained that age, a general consultas forgot to go to school, and joined che tion of the Quakers took place, as to his family at dinner, without mentioning future destiny, when, after much debow be bad been occupied. In the af. bate, it was agreed that he sbould follow ternoon he again retired to bis study in the profession of a painter. the garret ; and for several successive In 1760 he left Philadelphia for Legdays thus devoted himself to painting. horn, where he procured letters of reThe schoolmaster, however, sent tu commendation to many persons of the know the reason of his absence. Mrs. highest distinction at Rome, by virtue West recollecting that she had seen of which he formed an intimacy with Benjamin going up stairs every morn. Mengs, Batteni, and other artists, of the ing, and suspecting that it was the box first character in that city. wbich occasioned this neglect of the After spending some time in the anschool, affected not to notice the ines tient capital of the world, he returned sage, but went immediately to the gar to Leghorn, and proceeded from thence ret, and found himn employed on the to Florence, where he pursued bis stupicture. Her anger was changed to dies in the galleries of that place with å different feeling by the sight of bis such upwearied ardour as considerably performance; she kissed him with trans injured his health. Having completed ports of affection, and assured him that bis tour of Italy, he came to London she would intercede to prevent him be- through France, aud after visiting seveing punished. It was ever the highest ral places in Eligland, was about to repleasure of Mr. West emphatically to turn to America, when by the advice of declare, that it was tbis kiss that made Reynolds and Wilson, the two greatest him a painter. His mother would not painters of their day, be was induced to allow biu, to complete the picture, lest alter bis resolution and to reinain in be should spoil the half he had already this country.. He had before bis depardane.--Sixty-seven years after, it was ture from Philadelphia, formed an at. sent over to bim by his brother, and the tachment to a Miss Shewell, who being President showed it to every stranger apprised of his resolution to settle in admitted to his painting-room, de England, came over with the father of claciog, that with all bis subsequent ber lover, and the young couple were knowledge and experience, he could not married in London in 1764. vary the situation of one sirigle colour The year following, Mr. West was for the better. A short time after yourigo
chosen a member and one of the direct. West went tu Philadelphia with his ors of the Society of Artists, which three , friend Mr. Penuington, and while paint years afterwards became incorporated ing a view of the river with the vessels, with the Royal Academy, in the formal was introduced to oue Williams, a tion of which Mr. West had a principal painter, who lent him the works of concern. It was about this time that Fresnoy and Richardson, wbich, by in- he had the honour of being particularly spiring him with enthusiasm for his art, noticed by his late Majesty, to whom he much contributed to his advancement. was introduced : My Dr. Drummond, Upon his return to Springfield, be Arcbbishop of York. On this occasion amused hiinself by painting upon the the King give him a commission to detached pieces of brohen furniture in paint for him the picture of Regulus, the shop of a cabinet-maker, not far whicü was the first piece exhibited by from lvis fatber's. These sketcbes have Mr. West on the opening of the Royal Leen since sought for by the Americ Academy in 1769. From that period cans, and purchased at enornuus prices. bis exertions liave been unparalleled in
1820.) Rev. Dr. Haweis.Reo. Rogers Ruding.
277 the extent and variety of his produc: pally consists of numerous works from tions; as there has not been one exhibi- bis own pencil, and some choice speci. tion without some distinguishing speci. mens of the old masters, particularly of men of his genius.
Titian ; the whole valued at upwards of During the short interval of peace 100,0001. After the treaty of Amiens, Mr. West visited Paris for the purpose of inspect Kev. DR. THOMAS HAWEIS. ing the works of art, and when bis de Feb. 11. At his house in Beaufort. sign was made known to his late Majesty, buildings, Bath, aged 86, the Rev. Thudirections were given to accommodate mas Haweis, LL. D. M. D. Rector of bim with letters of recommendation to Aldwinckle All Saints, Northamptonour minister there, and the high autho- shire, Chaplain and principal trustee to rities of that country. At Paris he re Selina Countess of Huntingdon (whose ceived many flattering marks of distinc- Futieral Sermon be preached), founder tion, and all places containing works of of the London Missionary Society, and art were ordered to be opened to him Father of the Missions to the South Sca for his observation. Nor bave the ho. Islands. nours wbich be has received in England He was a native of Truro in Cornwall, been sparing; for in 1772 he was ap educated at the grammar-school of that pointed historical, painter to his late town, and at Christ's College, CamMajesty ; and in 1990 surveyor of the bridge; where he took the degree of Royal pictures.
LL.B. in 1772. Not long after he took in 1991 he was elected President of orders, be distinguished himself as a the Royal Academy, and the same year popular preacher, and was appointed ashe was chosen a Member of the Society sistant chaplain to the Rev. Mr. Madan, uf Dillettanti.
at the Lock Hospital, London. In In 1792 he was chosen a Member of February 1764, he was presented for the Society of Antiquaries, and in 1801 a limited time (the living being then a Governor of the foundling Hospital. within a few days of a lapse, and the
In 1804 he became a Member of the value of the advowson being 11001.) to Royal Justitution. Abroad he was the Rectory of Aldwinckle; but the chosen a Member of the Academy of presentation was attended with some Florence; a Member of the National noise, and occasioned " A faithful Nar. hostitute at Paris, and also of the Philo. rative of Facts relative to the Presenta supbical Society of Philadelphia. He tion of Mr. Haweis to the Rectory of was also a Member of the Society esta. Aldwinckle;" “ An Answer to a Pamblished at Boston for the Encourage. pblet, entiiled, A faithful Narrative of snent of Arts and Sciences; and of the Facts, &c. by Martin Madán ;” and “ReAcademy of Arts at New York.
marks on ne Answer of the Rev. Mr. At the close of a long and active life, Madan, to the faithful Narrative of devoted uniformly to the higher branch Facts,” &c.; ail which are impartially epi. of art, which he has cultivated in a man tumized in our vol. XXXVII. 507-510. sier that will be equally glorious to him His other publications were, a Volume self and his Royal patron, Mr. West pro of Sermons on Evangelical Principles duced the largest picture ever exhibited, and Practice, 1763; the Evangelical Exand one wbich displays the most vigor. positor, in two vuls. folio; the Commuous powers of conception and executivi, ricant's Spiritual Companion ; ImproveThis is the great Painting of our Saviour ment of the Churh Catechism, 1776; presented to the view of the people by' Scriptural Refutation of the Argument Pilate;' and which followed the truly for Polygmy, 1781; Hints respecting admirable one of Christ liealing the the Poor, 1788; Essays on the Evidence, sick. In 1816 this incoinparable areist Doctrines, and Influence of Christianity, and truly amiable man had the misfor. 1791; Translation of the New Test, tune of losing his wife, to whom he had from the Greek, 1795; a Word in Sea-. been married above fifty years.
son, designed to encourage the MissionMr. West has written two excellent ary Society to perseverance, 1795; a Plea Leiters on the advantages of Sculpture for Peace and Union among the Memin Painting, which are inserted in Lord bers of the Church of Christ, 1795 ; MisElgin's Memorandum of bis Pursuits in
sionary Instructions, 1795, Mémoir red Greece; and besides these, he was the specting an African Mission, 1795; a author of " A Discourse delivered to the Sermon, with an Introductory Address Students of the Royal Academy at the to the People of Israel, 1797; Life of Distribution of Prizes ;" and " A Speech the Rev. Mr. Romaine, 1797 ; History at the Anniversary Meeting," 1793, 410. of the Church of Christ, from the death
Mr. West has left two sons, on whom of our Saviour, 1800; Reply to the Ani-, kim property will devolve. This princi-' madversions of the Dean of Carlisle (Dr.
278 Reo. Rogers Ruding.--Rev. Matthew Haynes. (Marcb, Milner), m the History of the Church of sent, and to offer to the consideration Christ, 1801 ; View of the present State of the publick a theory less liable to ob of Evangelical Religion throughout the jection than that which has hitherto World, 1812.
been acted upon," were the main ob The remains of Dr. Haweis were in jects he proposed in the above elabo terred in the Abbey Church at Bath. rate work, which will carry down his
name to posterity with great credit. Rev. Rogers RUDING, B.D.
On account of the limited number Feb. 16. At Maldon, Surrey, in his printed in quarto, the impression was 69th year, the Rev. Rogers Ruding, B.D. wholly taken off by his Subscribers ; vicar of that parish. This respectable wbich induced some spirited Publishers gentleman was the second son of Rogers to engage Mr. Ruding in an octavo ediRuding, esq. of Westcotes in the county tion, with several new Plates, and addiof Leicester, by Anne, daughter of James tions to the present time, which will, Skrymsher, esq. He was born at Lei. no doubt, prove a standard work on the cester, Aug. 9, 1751; was educated at Coinage of this Country. Mr. Ruding Merton College, Oxford, of which be very properly enabled his original Subwas some time Fellow; and proceeded scribers to procure the additional plates B.A. 1771; M.A. 1775; B.D. 1782. and supplemental matter, by publisbing
He married Charlotte, fourth daughter them separately. of his uncle John Ruding, esq. by whom Mr. Ruding contributed to the Archæbé had three sons, all deceased, and two ologia of the Society of Antiquaries, daugbters, who, with their mother, sur. “Some Account of the Trial of the Pix," vive to lament the loss of a kind hus vol. XVII. p. 164; and a “Memoir on the band and affectionate father.
Office of Cuneator," vol. XVIII. p. 207. In 1793 he was presented by his Col -He was also a valuable contributor to lege to the vicarage of Maldon; and was the Gentleman's Magazine; particularly afterwards elected a Fellow of the So on the subject of Coins; the latest of ciety of Antiquaries of London: be was which appeared in our last number. also an Honorary Member of the Philosophical Society at Newcastle-upon
Rev. MATTHEW HAYNES. Tyne.
Feb. 15. The truly reverend Mattbew In 1798 he published “A Proposal Haynes (see p. 190) of Vincent-street, for restoring the antient Constitution Westminster, was venerable in piety and of the Mint, so far as relates to the years. His dissolution, morally speaking, Expence of Coinage ; together with the was accelerated by the injudicious cutting Outline of a Plan for the Improvement of a corn, which was followed by an inof the Money, and for increasing the flammatio pedis; and although most skil. Difficulty of Counterfeiting ;" 8vo. In fully cured, yet the repeated necessary 1812 be circulated Proposals for pub- incisions and exhaustions by applicalishing by subscription his “Annals of tions of cataplasms and medicines to Coinage,” which valuable work appear prevent gangrene, and consequent deed in 4 volumes 4to. in 1817, under tbe bility from being confined to bis room following title: “Annals of the Coinage above four months, brougbt on a return of Britain and its Dependencies, from of diarrbæa, with which he had periodithe earliest Period of authentic History cally been afflicted for some time past, to the End of the 50th year of King bafting every effort to arrest its fatal George III." For the illustration and progress, he gradually wasted away, enibellisbment of these Volumes, tfie “ his skin cleaving to bis bones." Alter Society of Antiquaries permitted the bearing his infirmities witb the most Plates of Mr. Folkes's work oh Coins to Christian patience and resignation, he be used.
expirell in tbe arms of his son without Mr. Ruding was deeply skilled in this a sign, a struggle, or a groan. In the bis favourite pursuit. It was his opie early part of bis life he professed an innon, “ that the Coinage of this King- clination for the stage, and was most dom has long been extremely defective. flatteringly received by the great Gar. The barbarity of the workmanship is rick; but an accident from some mortar evident from the slightest inspection : falling in bis eye whilst viewing an an. and the constant disappearance of the tient edifice under repair, caused a most inoney, in a short time after it has been dreadful inflammation, which, througb issued from the Mint, irrefragably improper treatment from a tben-celeproves that the principles on which it brated oculist, wbo bad separated the is constructed, are not less imperfect eye-lid to get at the cause of the mathan the execution." -“To trace the lady, it became an insuperable impe. progress of the Errors in our Coinage, diment to bis appearance in public, frum ibe earliest tiines down to the pre- wbich occasioned the Roscius of the age
1820) Rev. Matthew Haynes.--Reo. Anthony Freston. 279
we must get rid of that eye, pursuance of the will of dis maternal Mr. Johnson" (the name under which uncle William Freston, Esq. of Mendbam Mr.'Haynes bad introduced himself), in Norfolk, who died in 176). The “or the cart will break down," alluding Prestons were descended from an antient to the Thespian vehicle. This (at that Yorkshire family, one of wbom, John time) painful frustration of his wisbes, Freston, Esq. of Alltofts, founded in his he frequently would say, be considered life-time a fellowship and two scholaras a most singular interposition of Provi- ships in University College, Oxford, and dence, which kept him from pursuits by his will bearing date, 1594, directed too frequently the bane of all morality, the same foundation to be established at virtue, and religion.
Enanuel College, Cambridge. Richard He was of an antient British family, Freston of the Norfolk branch, was being descended from Gwyr y Glyn of Treasurer to Charles Brandon, Duke of Glamorgan, whose different branches Suffolk, in 1534, and was afterwards setiled in Shropshire, Devonshire, and knighted; he married Ann Coke of the Gloucester. His great uncles, John and Holkham family. His descendants reWilliam, went in 1700 to South Caro- sided either at Mendham Hall or Wica lina. From Jobn descended the cele kendon Hall, till the family became exbrated Colonel Isaac Haynes, whose un tinct in the male line by the death of fortunate destiny gave occasion to a vio- William Freston above mentioned. lent discussion in the House of Peers, Mr. Anthony Freston, the subject of and produced a challenge from Lord this article, was entered a Communer Rawdon, now Marquis of Hastings, to at Christ Church College, Oxford, in the Duke of Ricbmoud, of fortification December 1775, and there be took a memory,
Bachelor's degree in 1780. Having in He married early, and lived in the the mean time married a Cambridge most perfect connubial felicity bfty-six lady, the widow of Thomas Hyde, Esq. years with a most amiable and iruly he removed in 1783 to Clare Hall in pious woman, the partner of his cares; Cambridge, where he took the degree of yet he never had but one cbild, a son, MA. the same year. In 1792 he was now living, but was blest with seeing instituted to the perpetual cure of Need bis children's children to the third ge bam in Norfolk, in bis own patronage ; neration live in unity and the bonds of and in 1801 was presented by Thos. peace. A life spent in the practice of Westfaling, Esq. a college friend, to every moral and religious duty, unde- , the rectory of Edgworth in Gloucesterviatingly virtuous, made him, as he ex sbire. Dr. Huntingford, then Bishop of pressed himself, “ perfectly at ease as to Gloucester, appointed bim Rural Dean the state of his soul.” He retained his of the Deanery of Stonebouse in that faculties to the last, never wore spec. . diocese. tacles, and read in a small printed book By his wife, who survives bim, Mr. the day previous to his dissolution ; on Freston bad eleven children, of whom the morning of wbich, desiring his son two sons and seven daughters are living. to go for the Rev. Mr. Saunders of St. Thomas, tbe eldest surviving son, enterAndrew's, Blackfriars, and, as if baving ed into holy orders at Gloucester a few a prescience of the hour of his depar. weeks after his father's death. Louisa, ture, asked him,“ how long he tbought the fifth daughter, was married in April he would be gone?" upon being told 1819, to Robert Smirke, jun. Esq. R.A. about two hours, “ let me know," said William Coke Freston, Esq. the eldest be, “the utmost, because I sball want son, a young man of excellent disposi. you about twelve o'clock ;" his words tion and good promise, wbo was 'eduwere, “ Take me to thyself, dear Lord, cated for the law, and was a member of for I am ready!" For about an hour the Inner Temple, died at Gloucester in be seemed in a trance,--the world faded the month of July 1816. He was buried from bis sight, and about one o'clock be at Hempsted, near that city, where is a resigned his spirit into the hands of Him tablet to his memory, with the following who gave it, at the advanced age of epitaph from the pen of his father : eighty-six years, seven months, and
“When dire Disease in Life's first opentwenty-two days.
Consigns its victim to the silent tomh, REV. ANTHONY FRESTON.
Wben early culture deeks respected The Rev. Anthony Freston was son of youth
(truth, Robert Brettingham, Esq. of Norwich, With polish'd manners and unblemish'd and nephew of Matthew Brettingbam When these are fed must all our prosthe Architect of Houghton. Whilst yet
(ful aid ; a child he took the name of Freston in No,--pure Religion lends her power