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PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.
then put and carried ; and soon after the The Marquis of Cholmondeley presented Bill was brought in, and read the first aud his Majesty's answer to the Address of second time. Friday, thanking their Lordships for their The Bill for suspending the writs for loyal Address, in which they had antici- Barnstaple, &c. was read a second time, pated his Majesty's feelings, who received after a discussion of some length, in the with satisfaction their Lordships' assur course, of which Mr. Brougham expressed ance of their readiness to adopt such an opinion, that the House should intermeans for expediting the business of Par
pose to procure some mitigation of the liament as public exigeacy may require. sentence on Sir M. M. Lopes, now 68
The Noble Marquis also presented his years of age; and Sir J. Yorke recomMajesty's answer to the Address of Con mended Mr. Swanu' to the clemency of dolence on the Death of the Duke of the House. Kent; and the Duchess of Kent's answer It having been resolved that the House to the Message sent to her.
should go into a Committee of Supply,
the Speaker was about to leave the chair, In the Commons, the same day, Lord when Mr. Hume wished to know what proMorpeth ap at the bar with the vision was intended to be made for the answer of the Duchess of Keut to the Ad
Queen. dress of Condolence which had been voted Lord Castlereagh declined going into to her Royal Highness.
any details as to the subject just noticed, On the motion of Mr. Brougham, after until the attention of Parliament was resome observations from Mr. Vansittart, an gularly called to it. Till that time should Address was ordered to be presented to arrive, he had only to re-assert that the his Majesty, for " an account of the total high person in question would experience produce of all funds at the disposal of the no additional difficulty or personal em. Crown, and usually deemed not under the
barrassment, in consequence of the event immediate controul of Parliament, since which had occurred. There was not the the accession of his late Majesty : distin smallest ground for apprehending that she guishing the money arising from droits of would be exposed either to harshness or Admiralty, droits of the Crown, 4 and a inattention. A vote was about to be prohalf per cent. West India duties, Scotch posed to meet the necessary charges on revenue, and all other sources not here. the Civil List for a limited period. inbefore specified.”
Mr. Tierney said, that after what had Mr. Bennet presented a petition from taken place it was time to speak out the inhabitants of Cape Breton against the openly and honestly. An order in Coun. incorporation of that island with the go cil had been issued for umitting all men. vernment of Nova Scotia.
tion of the Queen in the church service. Lord Palmerston moved for leave to This implied some ground of suspicion. bring in a Bill to continue the Mutiny · But was nothing further to be done? He Act until the 24th of June. There would could not agree to grant any portion of be no mention in the Bill of the numbers the public money to a person labouring of the army, nor would any grant of mo. under a heavy cloud of suspicion. Either ney be proposed. These questions would the King had been betrayed, or the Queen be left entire for the consideration of the had been insulted. Rumours were afloat new Parliament.
which, if true, proved the Queen unworthy Colonel Davies objected to continuing to sit on the British throne; but they the large addition made last year to the might be mere idle calumoy, and in that standing army.
case Parliament was bound to maintain Mr. Calcraft censured the arrangements her in her righis and privileges. It made by Ministers, by which those months had been even rumoured that an exa. usually appropriated to Parliamentary mination had been lately held, with the business would be lost, and the ensuing view of criminating her. Thus they found session extended into the autuinn,
her name omicted in the liturgy, her pri. Lord Palmerston said, the increase of the vale conduct made the theme of public army had met with general approbatiou. conversation; and then they were told
Mr. Hume thought the military estab. that nothing ought to be said of her in lishment much too great.
Parliament, because it was intended to Mr." Croker said, the Marine Mutiny provide her with an adequate allowance, Bill would be for the same limited period her claim on the Consolidated Fund havas that for the army. The motion was ing ceased.
1820.) Proceedings in the late Session of Parliament. 261
Mr. Brougham said, it was quite new to making good, her defence. Never was him to learn that any parliamentary re there a question in which temper and mocognition, and much less any mode of deration were so indispensable; the voice speaking in Parliament, or that any ce of party ought to be extinct : for no man remonial of the Church was at all essen could calculate the consequences which tial to make out the title of a Queen, or might follow. to viudicate the rights appertaining to Lord Castlereagh approved of the delithat character. According to his under cate mode in which the last speaker wishstanding of the Constitution, she who was ed to have the subject treated for the prethe wedded wife of a King regnant, was eo sept. All that was now in contemplation ipso Queen Consort ; and that her claim was to prevent any inconvenience from to that litle was as indisputable as that of the lapse of the pecuniary provision althe King bimself. It was not the less so ready made for the illustrious personage because she was prayed for in no Liturgy, in question. or because her name appeared in no Or The House baving gone into the Comder of Council; or because no Addresses mittee, grants were voted of 600,0001. for either of Condolence or Congratulation army services in Great Britain, and were presented to her. As little could 200,0001. for similar services in Ireland. she be affected by the Noble Lord pre Mr. Vansiltart then moved, that “ there ferring to call her a high personage, ra. be granted a sum not exceeding 200,0001. ther than to describe her by the tille' to towards satisfying such pensions, pay. which she had succeeded. How then ments, and allowances, as would have be. could he agree with his Right Hon. come payable out of the Consolidated Friend, who, on account of these things, Fund of the United Kingdom of Great which appeared to him (Mr. Broughain) Britain and Ireland, or out of the Civil to be so immaterial—which appeared to List, in case the demise of his Majesty him to be “ trifles light as air,” consi had not occurred before the 5th of April.” dered her situation as doubtful and un. Mr. Tierney could not conceive bow, certain. If, by limiting her expences, the under a vote so worded, the Queen was Crown should be pleased to pay 35,0001. to be provided for. She could not receive a year to her Majesty, Parliament, he one single farthing, excepi from the chathought, ought not to interfere; but he rity of Ministers; for the annuity was must at the same time state distinctly, granted to her Majesty as Princess of that he was wholly unacquainted with Wales, and Princess of Wales there was any grounds of suspicion. He refused his none. He did not know, therefore, unears to all such rumours; as long as she less they introduced the word Queen, how was the King's Consort, he knew and her claim could be recognised. should treat her only in the character of The motion was then agreed to. A Queen Consort. He was wholly ignorant sum was also granted for certain extra. of any inquiries that had been instituted; ordinary expences of the Civil List, and he listened not to their reported insults ; 2,000,0001. for paying off outstanding nor would be suffer his mind to receive Irish Treasury Bills. any sinister impressions. But if a charge In a Committee of Ways and Means, should ever be brought forward, he would it was resolved, on the motion of Mr. Van. deal with it as became an honest Member sittart, that 7,000,0001. should be approof Parliament; and he would endeavour priated from the unapplied aids of 1819 to do justice between the parties most to the service of the current year. concerned ; though, God koew, they were The second reading of the Insolvent not the only parties that were concerned. Debtors' Bill and the Conveyaucers' Bill Until that moment, big with importance, was postponed to this day fortnight; by with unspeakable importance to the par which they are lost for the present Ses. ties, with an importance of which those sion. who were ignorant of the case could form On the motion of Mr. Maberly, accounts no conception until, he repeated, that were ordered relative to the revenue of moment should arrive, his lips were seal. last year, and to the deficiencies in the ed. (Hear.) The House might, however, Consolidated Fund, which, he said, was in jo justice, recollect — ia justice to her arrear to between 10 and 11 millions. whose character had been so freely dealt Mr. Vansittart contended, that the Conwith on one side, and whose name even solidated Fund was only in arrears eight had been suppressed on the other, and millions, and that had been partly made without forming any premature opinion, up. that throughout the whole of her past tri Mr. Maberly reminded the Chancellor bulation, she had never been slow either of the Exchequer that there were, besides, to meet or to repel accusation! It was 3,000,0007. due to the Bank. not, therefore, too much to give credit to Mr. Vansittart obtained leave to bring her now, for having the same alacrity in in a Bill to continue such Bills as would undertaking, and the same facility in' expire before the ineeting of oext Parlia
262 Proceedings in the late Session of Parliament.
(March, ment. He did this on the precedent of
Feb. 23. an Act of the 1st of Geo. II. He then
Mr. Vansillart, with the leave of the brought in the Bill, which was read a first House, brought in a bill “ to indemnify and second time, and ordered to be com.
such persons in the united kingdom as Initted to-morrow.
have omitted to qualify themselves for
certain employments.” Tbe bill passed Feb. 22.
through all its stages. The Bill for suspending the writs for lo à Committee of Supply a gcant et Barnstaple, &c. went through a Coinmit. 7,000,0001, was agreed to, for paying off tee, and after some opposition from Sir Exchequer Bills. C. Hawkins, was read the third time and passed. The Report of the Committee of Sup
HOUSE OF LORDS, Feb 24. ply was brought up. On the vote being Lord Lauderdale objected to the pecuread for 200,0001. to discharge pensions, niary grants made by the House of Com& s. chargeable on the Consolidated Fund mons, without any view to an Appropriand Civil List,
ation Act, by which the expediency of Mr. Tierney wished to know how, under such grants would come under the conthis vote, provision could be made for the sideration of the House of Lords. He Queen.
concluded with proposing three resolu. Mr. Vansitlart said, the vote would au. tions; the first set forth the few money thorize the Treasury to continue to pay the votes of the Commons; the other two annuity granted to the Princess of Wales. were as follow :-Resolved, that the Com.
Mr. Tierney said, the grants expired mons House of Parliament, informed by with the life of the King. There was now his Majesty's Message of the intended no Princess of Wales, and if it were in Dissolution of Parliament, have, in these tended to renew to her Majesty the al. resolutions, attempted to appropriate mo. lowance which she had as Princess of ney tu bo paid for services subsequent to Wales, it should be explicily so stated the dissolution, which can only legally be in the vote.
effecied by an Act of Parliament approMr. Vansittart replied, that the annuity priating the supplies voted ; and that would be payable to the individual who, they have further, in a most unprecenotwithstanding her change of pulitical si. dented manner, assumed the power of tuation, would, under the role of the providing for, and authorizing the payHouse, retain a personal interest in the ment of ceriain pensions and annuities, annuity.
subsequent to the dissolution of ParliaMr. Tierney repeated bis objections to ment, which by law are declared to be the vote as it now stood, and continued at an end. Resolved, that, under these “ I know the Right Hon. Gentleman must circumstances, we feel it our duty to de. not mention the word Queen.” (A laugh.) clare, that, though we regard these pro
Mr. Vansittart said, “ That which was cerdings as derogatory to the privileges formerly granted to the Princess of Wales of this House and of Parliament, yet we will now be payable to the Queen, and to are induced, by a sense of the state in no other person." (Hear.)
which public business is now placed, to After some further conversation (in forbear from any immediate proceedings, which Mr. Hume and Sir R. Wilson sup. and to declare that we will concur in inported the view of the questiou taken by demnifying those who may pay money, Mr. Tierney, and Mr. Lushington contend. or otherwise act under these resolutions, ed, that if the Queen's name were intro. which we must nevertheless deprecate, as duced, so must those of all the oiber par. threatening the subversion of the best and ties whose annuities were continued,) the wisest principles of the Constitution of resolution was agreed to.
our country.”. On the question for going into a Com. The Earl of Liverpool was not unwilling mittee on the Expiring Laws Bill, Lord to meet any fair proposition on the subo' Althorp moved an instruction for leaving ject, for removing the scruples of the Noout the Insolvent Debtors' Act, from which ble Earl, if he gave up parts of the resoso much inconvenience had arisen to cre lutions which could not seriously be inditors, that he thought it should be suf- tended to be pressed. Before their Lordfered to expire.
ships could agree to resolutions censuring Mr. Vansıttart thought, with all its errors, the other House, they must be assured it would be better to continue it until the that there bad been a departure from the meeting of the new Parliament, than to usual practice, but no such thing had revert to the old system, which was uni. been shewn.
He would therefore provernally condemned.
pose, that, after the first resolution, words Nir R. Wilson concurred in what had should be inserted, stating in effect that fallen from the Chancellor of the Exche. this House was induced, in consequence
The motion was then negatived. of the state of public business, to acqui.'
1820.) * Proceedings in the late Session of Parliament. 263 esce in the payments voted by the House Woolsack, as. Royal Commissioners; and of Commons, though to Act of Appropri the Commous, with the Speaker, attendation had been preferred, or haid, come ing at the Bar; the Royal assent was before them.
given by the Commissioners to the MuAfter sume observations from the Mar- tiny, the Expiring Laws, the Annual la. quis, of Lansdown and Lord Donoughmore, demnity, and the Irish Elections Bills. the resolutions, as proposed to be amend The Lord Chancellor then delivered the esh by Lord Liverpool, were agreed to: followiog speech:
Lord: Lauderdale presented a petition " My Lords and Gentlemen, from the M and Aldermen of Barn “ We are commanded by his Majesty staple, praying, to be heard by Counsel to inform you, that it is a great disapagainst The Writs Suspension Bill. His pointment to his Majesty, that on this Lordship made a motion, accordingly, first and solemn occasion He is prevented which being, on a division, carried in the by indisposition from meeting you in per affirmative by 12 to 11, it was ordered sou. It would have been a consolation to that counsel should be heard to-morrow. His Majesty to give utterance in this
place to those feelings with which His Feb. 25.
Majesty and ihe Nation alike deplore the The order of the day being read for the loss of a Sovereign, the common Father second reading of the Writs Suspension of all his people. The King commands Bill, Lord Carnarvon moved for discharge us to ioform you, that in determining to ing the order for the hearing of Counsel, call, without delay, the new Parliament, intending, if that should be carried, to bis Majesty has been influenced by the move for a saspension of standing orders, consideration of what is most expedient that the Bill might go through all its re for public business, as well as most conmaining stages to morrow.
ducive to general convenience. Lord Liverpool and the Lord Chancellor “ Genilemen of the House of Commons, strenuously opposed the disfranchising the “ We are directed by His Majesty to borough in question without evidence. thank you for the provision which you
The Marquis of Lansdown and Lord bave made for the several branches of Grosvenor supported the motion; and the the public service from the conimenceJatter, in urging the expediency of Par- ment of the present year, and during the liamentary Reform, took the opportunity interval which must elapse before a new of again expressing his unqualified detes. Parliament can be assembled. tation of the crime recently perpetrated in “ My Lords and Gentlemen, France, and of the atrocious. conspiracy
" We are commanded to inform you, against the lives of his Majesty's Ministers. that in taking leave of the present Par
Lord, Lauderdale opposed the motion, liament, his Majesty cannot refrain from and moved that the further discussion of conveying to you his warmest assurances the subject should be postponed to this of the sense which bis Majesty entertains day forinight. This amendment was, on of the important services which you have a division, carried by 22 to 11.
rendered the country. Deeply as his Ma-:
jesty lamented that designs and practices In the Commons, the same day, Mr. such as those which you have been reHume detailed the cruel treatment of the cently called upon to repress should have master and crew of the brig Charles, of existed in this free and bappy country, Aberdeen, by the Governor of Teneriff; he cannot sufficiently commend the pruand, concluded with moving for several. dence and firmness with which you have papers, relative to the transaction in directed your attention to the means of question.
counteracting them. If any doubt had After some conversation, in which Mr. remained as to the vature of those prinBrougham, Mr. C. Hutchinson, Mr. C. ciples by which the peace and bappiness Forbes, and Lord Castlereagh joined, Mr. of the Nation were so seriously mepaced, Hume withdrew his motion.
or of the excesses, to which they were In answer to a question from Mr. Knox, likely. 10 lead, the flagrant and sanguiLord Castlereagh stated, that it was not nary conspiracy which ivas lately been intended to renew the Irish Insurrection detected- must open the eyes of the most Act, it being hoped that the measures incredulous, and must vindicate to the taken by gentlemen of the country, sup whole world: the justice and expediency ported by the troops and by the police, of those measures to which you judged it would have the effect of repressing the dis necessary to resort, in defence of the ; turbances occasioned by the Ribbou-men. Laws and Constitution of the Kingdom."
The Lord Chancellor then prorogued the House Of LORDS, Feb) 28
Parliament to Monday the 13th day of The Archbishop of Canterbury, the March next. Bat ou the 29th of Feb. the Lord Chancellor, the Marquis Camden, late Parliament was dissolved by Royal and the Earls of Liverpool and West. Proclamation, and a new Parliament to morland, having taken their seats on the meet on the 23d of April.
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BRIEF VIEW OF SIERRA LEONE, The Colony of Sierra Leone is not sub- European aocustomed to the climate may ject to the usual proportions of deaths oc go through any part of Africa, if he go as curring in the West Indies, while it has a beggar, and give no presents an evil greatly the advantage of those islands in which has been too much countenanced.” its freedom from hurricanes and conta. In Regent's Town alone, there are natives gious diseases. The national system of of 20 different nations, all varying from education has been introduced with good one another in language, but now holding success into the Free-town schools, so that intercourse among themselves, and with all the schools of the Colony, under the their Christian teachers, by means of that Church Missionary Society, are now con. common tongue which they have imperducted on one uniform plan. In January fectly acquired iu that state of freedom 1819 there were 574 scholars there, and to which they have arrived. As the na1530 in the country schools, which is an in tive tongues shall by these means become crease of 740 since the former returu in well understood, and shall be reduced to 1817. At the end of February the total writing on fixed principles, and able of the population of the Colony, including teachers of them provided, so will the an increase of 449, amounted to 10,014, Christian institution come into most im. of whom there were 1554 negroes liberated portant action, in the propagation and from captured slave ships.
printing of elementary books and the • There were 321 marriages in 1819. The Scriptures, and the supply of competent roads, and public and private buildings, teachers to the different tribes. were in a state of rapid improvement, all The cultivation of the Arabic language atchieved by the labours of liberaled ne will be another important branch of la. groes, under the direction of their minis. bour in the Institution ; natives well preters and superintendants. The royal mu pared in that tongue will be received with nificence and the national. liberality have respect in all parts of the country, and pursued, with great cost and perseverance, will have a medium of communication the generous object of the deliverance and with Mahomedạns, wherever found, on the civilization of ihe once devoted victims coast or in the interior ; and being preof barbarism and bondage : and we can viously masters of the questions between anticipate with delight, the sublime gra. Christians and Mahomedans will be the tificatiou which the friends and supporters means, doubtless, of preserving and resof this great cause will derive from seeing, cuing many from the delusions of the Inso soon, such an excellent practical confir. postor. (See Church Miss. Rep.) mation of their hopes and reasonings, such At Regent's Town the young men in the benign fruits of their zeal and exertions. space of one month brought a road by a
lu respect to the distribution of the new line, avoiding the most steep descents Holy Scriptures, we stare from their last and declivities, without much extending report, that the Committee, in visiting the course, as far as the Leicester moun. Free-rown from house to house, found, oftain, whence it is to be continued to Free 240 Christian families, scarcely one with Town. This road is two rods wide, solid out some one who could read, and above aud level to a degree not easily attainable 400 Bibles and Testaments were ascer in that couniry : the work has been eftained 10 be in use among them; tbey at fected, under the direction of Mr. Johnson, the same time witnessed the domjestic com by blowing up the rocks, which was sug. forts and good habits of the people, af- gested to him by a tornado, which one fording the strongest inducements to all day extinguished a large fire kindled on a classes to aid in its more ample diffusion. rock, and left the rock so split in many A Missionary Society had been establish- places, that the workmen found its reed there, and the objects of its care, its la moval greatly facilitated. It is not more bourers and their, vegroes, were become than three or four years since the so eager to assist, according to their means, greater part of these men were taken out: as to hare subscribed nearly 701. for the of the holds of slave ships.' He states sending the Scriptures to their country that the Church was always well attend.' men which had proved such a blessing to ed; and the people, in general, were bethemselves.
come more moral and industrious, upwards The sanction of the Governor has ac of 500 maintaining themselves, and much quired great influence; for he has express land being cleared and cultivated. A coned bis wish that ihe Colony should become siderable improvement is manifested by “a focus of Christianity” for the benefit their enlarging their Churches and build. of the neighbouring tribes. They have in ing them of stone. The recent transfer of the Colony converts of almost all the na the Isles de Loss to the British, may aftions about them. Even from the banks ford, as Governor Macarthy suggested, of the famous and unexplored river Ni. superior advantages for communicating ger, and from various countries beyond religious instruction to the natires at : Timbuctoo. Mr. Johnson writes, that "an large, &c.
A. H. ABSTRACT