Tour in France in 1818. Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 80. This country smells of tobacco and THE inclosed Letters are the two burnt wood, as usual. The Pillar on

the Continent, by a geotleman of where the King landed from England,
York, to a near relation. Besides in April 1814.
containiog many important facts and

LETTER II. observations, they form a very suit

Cambrai, Aug. 3, 1818. able appendix to Letters of a similar kiod, written about a century ago, I will tell you what we had at Quil

As a specimen of French dinners, which you lately introduced into your lacq's, premising that the table was a valuable Magazine*. If from the spe

deal board, set upon cross sticks ciineo which I have now sent, you

soup, soles, mutton maintenon, veal are of opinion that they will answer

fricandeau, potatoes, chicken and aryour purpose, and be a source of eniertainment and instruction to your gooseberries, and plums : this was the

tichoke, pastry, cheese, cherries, Readers, I am permitted by the Au- dinner for two; the tables d'hôte are thor to promise you the remainder.

on a larger scale.-The Duke of Wel. Yours, &c.


lipglon had announced bis intention

to sleep at Quillacq's on Friday night, Dover, July 30, 1818. On the 28th July, we applied at

and was expected at half-past eleven.

I sat up considering whether I should the French Ambassador's office, in

go to bed (which I felt much inclived London, for passports. Having ob

to do), or wait the arrival of the Contained then, we proceeded to Her.

queror of France. Whilst I was laid ries's Bank, St. James's-street, and supplied ourselves with a competent considering that I might sleep any

on a large sofa, debating the matter, number of their bills of credit, which

night, but could pot see so great a are convertible iuto cash by their cor

nuan any night; on the other hand, respondents at upwards of 150 of the

what better should I be for having principal towns on the Continent. At

seen bim: besides, he might not come, Thomas's, near the Royal Exchange, we procured a supply of gold and found my sitting up was not agree

or might be behind his time, &c. i silver coin, for immediate use. la

able to the waiter, who every now and 1814, I only received 18 francs for a

then made erraods into the room to one-pound note, or 158. in the pound: see if I was wanting to retire. At in 1815, 20 francs, or 168. 8d. in the length, at eleven o'clock, he came pound: I now obtained 23f. 60c. or

into the room, blew out the two can19s. 8d. in the pound.

dles on the table, and was proceeding LETTER I.

to blow out a third on the side-table ; Calais, July 31,

and on my calling out for him to leave 1818.

one candle, 'he replied, “ Tout le We left Dover Harbour at five

monde va se coucher. This being minutes past pine, and entered Calais

the case, I was obliged to retire; for Harbour at five minutes before twelve. The day was fine, and the wind (S.W.) it was not for John Buli to introduce

as all the world was going to bed, fair. The packet-boat was the Chi.

his bad customs of turning night into chester ; the passage 108. 6d.

day. I could not, however, but susOn landing, we left our passports pect that my anxiety to see the Duke, at the proper office, and our luggage and say having so repeatedly inquired was taken to the Custom-house to be about his arrival, inight determine examined. If I had had any new cotton

the waiter' to baulk me; as the Duke stockings, they would have been seiz. is no mighty favourite with Frenched.—We ihen proceeded to Quillacq's

The next morning, at seven, Hotel, and have ordered dinner. We

I went down to the pier, and saw the are to procure new passports in lieu

Duke's carriage embarked aboard the of those granted in London, which

Lord Duncan packet. He was to sail last will be forwarded to Paris : upon

at high water (between ten aod eleven). the new passports there is a stamp The wind, at' w.N.W. was directly duty of two francs.

against him, and his passage would * See vol. LXXVIII. i. 401; LXXXIX. probably occupy seved or eight bours i. pp. 29. 122, 204.

at least. The sailors were disputing Gent. Mag. January, 1820.


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1820.] Consanguinitarium, Leicester-National Currency. 17 samo principles, had almost totally dwelling-bouses, which bound the disappeared, and therefore it was not street, erected on the spot where Mr. prudent to risk much with a possi- Jobpson was born. Each of tbe almsbility of the same effect being pro- houses has a room on the groundduced.

floor, and a chamber over it: the In 1797 the mint being found un rooms are neat and convenient; and equal to the conduct of a copper the windows glazed with beautiful coinage of Jarge extent, Mr. Boul. stained glass. To each inbabitant is ton, of Birmingham was authorized given a printed copy of the Rules and to coin for Government. By this Orders *.

N. R. S. plan the fortune of an ingenious inap was made, and the moniers were allowed relaxation from their labours


Jan. 2. of stamping the head of his present THE Coinage of a Nation may be Majesty upon the neck of the King it wears the badge, of office, and from of Spain, in order to give his dollars its splendour or meauness, may be currency here. It was afterwards found to be ex: judged the wealth or property of

the State. pedient to put the dollars also into

Collectively, it is the Mr. Boulton's Mint, in order to efface servant of the whole community to entirely the Spanish impression, and

which it belongo, but individually, to convert them into Bank Tokens * each piece of coin is the servant of

In the following year the sub- the possessor. Every body has its sisting Committee of the Council for services, from the prince to the beg. coins was' dissolved, and a new Com- gar; and as every one employs it, so mittee was appointed, whose first everyone, according to the use he may determination went to sanction the

be supposed to make of it, ought

to contribute towards its formation, currency of Mr. Boulton's heavy cop

As it sustains a most important pubper coinage with the lighter Tower half-peopies. About twenty years af

lic function, so it ought, in all naterwards they changed their opinion, tions, to have a salary assigned to

it. and all the Tower halfpennies were called in for the purpose of recoinage. of a material that all men covet, it

When nations are once possessed (To be continued.)

800n becomes obvious, that a conMr. URBAN,

Jan. 1.

venient form is required for its cirI recorded the end 46ent of me N vol, LXIII. p. 1046, you have culation, and coins called money have

been invented for that purpose. The Establishment in the Borough of Lei- prerogative of coining money, and cester, by the late John Johnson, esq. fixing its denomination, is properly and named by him the Consanguinita- vested in the monarch or ruling power, riuni. And in vol. LXXXIV. p. 296,

and the denomination being once the Institution is farther noticed, in fixed, qugbt, on no pretence whatan account of the death of its philan. ever, to be changed, because it would thropic Founder.

violate, all contracts; all the transI request you to insert a View of actions of fair dealing between man this comfortable place of refuge ; and. man being founded on the in. which is a handsome stone-building, variability of national currency. Yet consisting of five houses, ia South there have been princes, who, misgate-street, near the Water-house taking price for value, have somepump. (See Plate II.) It is partly times altered the one in hopes to ob. screened in the view by four seat

tain the other; but Providence has placed this beyond the power

of * These Tokens were declared by Dr.

A King inay, by his prerogative, Darwin to be inimitable, from the supe

raise the denomination of a piece if riority of their workmanship, and the power coin, but that cannot in the least i . of the coiping maebine; and I do believe, crease its value, if its weight cunthat, by the help of a statute to protect tinues the same. them, and of steel gauges to detect the counterfeits, they have not been imitated * These are printed in Nichols's History to any very large amount.

of Leicestershire, vol. I. p. 528. GENT. MAG. January, 1820.

A com

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Tour in France in 1818.

[Jan. about the number of tacks to be made, with their wives aod families at St. aad the course to be steered, in order Omer; there being two English camps to get him soonest over. The Duke within four miles.- A little girl, with slept on the ground floor of our ho a small harp, played aod sung in the tel, in a room looking into the gar streets very delightfully. We had a den; bis sitting-room was adjoining good dinner ; but met with a dishis bed-room. He got up between appointment in not being able to eight and nine, and at pine breakfast. procure horses forward: there had ed with four or five officers ; but the been a great review the day before curtains were so much closed, that as by Lord Wellington, which had drawn we walked in the garden we could together the Eoglish families froin distinguish oothing. We determined Boulogne, Cambrai, &c. and all the not to leave Calais lill we had seen horses were engaged in conveying him.--About half past oine the mas

them back again.

Being informed ter of the packet caine to summon that one of the camps was only six him. The Duke soon after came to quarters of an hour distant, we set the door, and looked up at the sky off to walk towards it, accompanied for a minute; he returned to his by a lad, as guide. We passed a fine rooin, and in about five ininutes set old Jesuits' Church, now converted off to walk to the pier, in company into a hay chamber or store bouse. with the officers. He said to Colos On the road we overtook two Irish wel Campbell, who was near hiin, 18 women, wbo were swearing at each that your carriage, Campbell ? points other in the English fashion. What ing to one in the Court.-The Duke must the Freoch think when they is about 6 feet 7 inches high; bas au hear us complaiu of their profligacy enormous nose; is a cheerful smiling of mappers! the husband of one of man, and witbout the gravity which the women, a soldier, told us he was the portraits of him represent: he is a native of Limerick : he and his wife about 50: he was dressed in a blue complained much of the expence of frock coat, white trowsers, and short living in France; a ration, which in boots. He appears stiff, as if he wore England would cost 4 d. bere costs stays: the Freoch say he has armour 6d. Io England, when the regiment under his clothes, which I don't be marches, the wives and families of the lieve ; but though not an ostentatious soldiers, han and baggage, are conman, he seems a little of the dandy veyed with it; but here, they must go in bis dress.-We experienced great at their own expeoce, and the French politeness at the Custom-house rela- impose on them; she also complained iipe to the examination of our lug that cotton for the children's frocks, gage. There was in the same room , &c. was inuch dearer than in England. with us at the hotel, a tall genteel –The grand Review yesterday comyoung Englishman, who had lost his menced al threc in the afternoon, and portmanteau: he sent for some of was to have cootinued till night, with The finest ready-made shirts, but they several sham fights, representing acwere extremely cuarse, so sbort, that tions in Spain, and the battle of Wathey would scarcely reach below the terloo--but the rain came on, and waist, and besides very narrow.--After the Duke stopped the Review in we had seco the Duke, we set off for about half an hour after it had begun. St. Onier, in a cabriolet, calculated After we had walked about two miles to contain two persups, and drawn by we came in view of the encainpment two horses : this we hired of Mr. -a great number of white tents, on Quillacq. The charge for one direct an eminence about two miles further ; to Paris is 120 francs, but by a cir- aod as we found we should see a sicuitous route, which ours is to be, milar encampment at Cambrai, we 150.-At the first place of changing did not proceed further. There are borses, the only ostler or stable at ten regiments in the neighbourhood tendant was an old woman. The har of St. Omer. We were joined on the pess as usual was chiefly ropes.- way back by a Highlander, a soldier Mount Cassell was visible a great in the 71st, who has been 32 years in part of the road. We arrived at St. the army. He is a native of lover. Omer to dinner, at the Ancienne Poste, The grand theme of his diskept by an English woman. We found course was the superiority of Sir Ralph a greai number of English ofńcers, ' Abercrombie aud Sir D. Baird, under



Tour in France in 1818.

27 whom he fought in Egypt, over our ing, in the modern gothie stile, with modern Generals, and thegreater barda a handsome tower. The organ was a ships he then experienced, than in mo- Jarge and good one, but inuch out of dern campaigns. On one occasion in tune. About 20 priests assisted at Egypt they were two days without the mass: the Epistle and Gospel, in. water; and his colonel repeatedly laid stead of being read in Latin from the himself on the ground in a dry pond, altar, were read in French from a and endeavoured to suck moisture for pulpit in the nave. After each was his lips from the mud. Lord Hill he read, the Priest read io French an ex. describes as the soldier's friend, and positioc of the Epistle and Gospel rethe grand favourite of the army. “As spectively. Each exposition occufor the other man,:(be said)"he would pied from ten minutes to a quarter of not care to hang a soldier on the spot, an hour, and as far as I could collect, if he found him taking uny thing from was plain and intelligible. The peo. a Frenchman."-As our road was on ple were also very attentive. After rising ground, we bad an advantage. This was done, the bands of marriage ous view of the venerable Churches were published, and all the priests of St. Omer. In the evening, we saun proceeded to the altar, where mass tered about the beautiful abbey of St. was continued by chanting the Nicene Bertin : it remains in the same dila- Creed, the priests afterwards making pidated state as in 1815, but is no collections through the Church, &c. longer used as a military storehouse: The chaunting was as untuneable as the inside is now quite open.-Several possible, and all in canto fermo, or young English Officers dined in the unison. Throughout the whole counsaine room with us.

Cricket parties, try, bel ween Calais and Cambrai, there the gaming-table, and a ball at Lady is no pasture land, but all graio. We Clark's, formed the principal topics of have not seen any oxen, and very few conversation : they spent a quarter of sheep ; wheat, wbich is the principal an hour in settling a point which regt. grain, is an abundant crop, oals are wore the handsomest caps, and what of thin, and beaus are totally burnt up ficers had the best seat on horseback, and destroyed. The drought here is &c.-The next inording we proceed more excessive than in England; there ed to Aire, nine miles, to breakfast. were a few showers on Salurday afWe passed some handsome churches ternoon, after which the weather on the way. At our Jon (the Old took up again, and to-day is without Post) we were charged for breakfast a cloud. The thermometer has sel5 francs (viz. for coffee, and milk, dom been higher than 70. It is a and eggs) but on our offering 4, the much richer country, in point of fer. landlady was quite content, and at tility, than any part of England of our departure wished us a good the same extent, and in general cuo

voyage.'- This is a strongly forti. sists of gently sloping hills, which are fied lown, and has a noble market. so distributed, that the face of the place, and a handsome town-house. country is usually visible to a consiThe Church of a Convent in the derable distance, and not, as with us, lowo has been turned into a store. shutting up the view. But about house, according to the usual revolu- Douay and Cambrai it is as flat as tionary custom. Between nine and ten Flapders. the great bell of the principal Church August 3.-We have been diniog, tolled for masss the tone was very indifferently as to our eating, but deep, and the vibrations after the bell with a boitle of white Hermitage at was struck, varied from a minor third dinner, and a bottle of fine Chan. to a second from the key note.-lo pagne after its in which we have front of the entrance of the Church, drank the health of all friends...If appeared Christ on the Cross, on you were here, you would have an mount Golgotha : as the blood spout- excellent opportunity to buy somo ed out of his side, a little cherub Cambric for haodkerchiefs; I under. caught it iu a cup. The representa- stand it is less than half the price you tion was on so large a scale, as to be pay for it in England: if I attempt visible to a considerable distance. The it, I shall probably be imposed upoo. congregation consisted of about 1000 Yours, &c.

X. persons. The Church is a fine build.

(To be continued.)


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