20 Explanation of certain antiquated Words. afford z-if their war should be suc- tionaries, and used in other places by cessful, they may recover a part of Sir Thomas More (vide his General their expenditure; if they are a mer- Works, p. 1403.) but I find the same Cartile people, they may re-establish adjective jeopardous, as likewise the another coinage by the profits of adjective jeopardless, and the verb Comerce, add must wait for its ope- jeopard in the following places (and rations, which, though slow, are cer- in many others infinitely too numertain; for commerce inust inevitably ous to be sel dowo), vide Erasnius's ohtain bullion,and consequently coins; Paraphrase on the Testament, i Co. aid these will be retained by the peo- rinthians 18, 21, and 22 (reverse of Ps if famine or war does not make each page). The Bishop's and Cran.

*w draught. The balance of trade mer's Bibles are quite full of those 10:t always be in favour of a trad. words ; but sec only 5 Judges, v. 18. ing people, because they import inore 3 Daniel, v. 28. 13 Jobo, v. 37 and than they export; for goods will not 38. 15 Acts, v. 26, and 27 Acls, v. 9. be sent if they cannot pay for them, The Ship of Fools (by Cawood), p. and they cannot pay for them, unless 15, 16, has “ within his mouth is they have obtained money by former venim jeopardous and « vile;”. and exports.

A LOMBARD. in the same trranslation the verb jeo

parde frequently occurs. " For her Mr. URBAN,

Jan, 3. he .jeoperdeth his life,' is io Mun-, |AVING been for some years day's Banquet of Dainty Conceites

greatly addicted to the perusal (9 Harl. Misc. 244.) “ The waye of of our aptient English Authors (as Honestie is uneasie, painfull jeopere, well those who disperse their thoughts dvuse," &c. is in Taverner's Adagies in lofty rhime as in humble prose) I of Erasmus (1569.)

Jeoparte bis have acquired a partiality for anti- person for lo slee the Kyoge” is in quated words and phrases ; and per- Lydgate's Bochas (1558), p. 43, haps (as a direct consequence), some Page 6. Here I agree that the degree of astonishment that other word “ translatingis now rarely, Readers either do not understand, or used io the sense of removing or takdo not relish the use of them as I ing away (the translating of a Bishop domand I was particularly struck on from one see to another excepted), finding, by a late perusal of the Utopia but I must refer your Readers to (edited by the learned and agreeable Bailey and Ash ; and to the following bibliomaniac Dibdio), that even this passages, “ The portion of my people deep-read Aotiquary has been some- is translated ;” vide Bishop's Bible, times thrown out in his conjec- Micheas 2. v. 4. " Because of un?ures; and that, in places where I ryghteous dealing a realme shall be thought there was little difficulty translated,&c. Dillo 10. Son of Sieither in the passages themselves, or rach, 8. " The bones of our faiber. in supporting and illustrating them shoulde be translated out of their by examples of frequent use amongst places." Do.

places.” Do. 2 Baruch 24. contemporary authors; not that I translateth the mountains or ever they have in every case of doubt been able be ware," Do. 9 Job. 5. And “Co. to find a correspondiog or even syno. vetousnesse will translate the hearts nimous word, or have at all times of men to iufidelitie,” is in Fenton's, discovered the precise meaning of the Christian Policy, 1574. word or phrase made use of. But Page 11. The word Pullein or I have been surprized, as well with Pullen will be found in the Life of respect to some of the words observ- Esope, B.L. “ He bougbt capons and ed upon by Mr. Dibdin, as by others, many other pullen.” Vide also Bailey tbat the frequent usage of the same aud Ash. word has not familiarized it to them. Page 16. The word “ skills” was

To begin with the second volume in more common usc than Mr. Dib, of Mr. Dibdin, p. 5. Jo his oote upop dia supposes. “ Jesus did make plain the word “jeopurdous”, used by Sir the things which he spoken for two Thomas More as an adjective, he says, skills," &c. Vide Erasmus's Parathat such use of it is of rare occur- phrase, 10 John, v. 71, 72. rence among our old Authors. Now, little force to thee it skills thee noI not only find the same adjective thing.” Vide Fisher on the seven peadmitted into Bailey's and Ash's Dic. nitential Psalmes (1555), sbeet N. 4.

" He

66 It is

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1820.) Antient Words. Utility of Evening Lectures. 21 • It skills not whether you din'd.or master Raphe Robinson. You will no.” Gull's Hornbook, by Decker. find it both in Ash and Johnson, ren“ It skills not if the four koaves lie dered—to cheat, to defraud, and it on their backs." Gull's Hornbook. is so used in the second volume of “ It skills not greatly who impugns, Erasmus's Paraphrase. St. James, our doom.” Shakspeare's Henry VI. fol. 26. “ If Fortune blow back. Part II.

warde, he shall ether bee wyped beThe word “ Knowledge” is used as sydes all his goods, and be banished a verb-active in the same sense as to goe on begging,” &c. Bailey acknowledge in many of the early quotes it (in the same sepse) from translations of the Bible, viz. Cover Spenser. dale's, Cranmer's, the Bishop's, Ta- Page 169. The usage of the verb verner's, and Matthew's, and even by to crack," (to boast or vapour) is Wicliff in his Testament (1380). It by no means peculiar to Robinson, was in such common use in early days Every Divine, from Latimer and that the accession of the syllable “ac" Hooper to Beveridge and Tillotson, seems almost uvnecessary. It is in uses it in the same sepse. In the conCoverdale's Translation of Erasmus, troversy between Bishop Jewell and in Musculus's Common Places, io. Harding, it is many times repeatBishop Fisher's Sermons, in Becon's ed. Sir Thomas More uses it in other Sermons, in Marbeck's Notes, and in parts of his works; and Shakspeare, the Golden Legend.

more than once or twice, “What Page 39. I think that both John- cracker is this same that deafs oor son and Bailey give us the illustration ears," King Jobn. See also the Biof the word swing as here used—“The shop's Bible, 51 Jer. 55, “ and made power of money is no other than the great crakes with your words." unrestrained tendency of it,” &c. Vide Yours, &c.

OBSERVATOR. Johnson's fifth illustration.

(To be continued.) Page 46. I do not think that the mode of expression-he dotes for age


Jan. 4. very uncommou.

N your last Volume, Part II. p.493, in the sense of because, is explained by Mr. Dibdio himself in the preceding Evening Lectures, signed “ A Mem.

dis is quoted both by ber of the Church of England." I Johnson and Bailey in the first ex- bave, for a great length of time, felt ample, “ An old woman begins to deeply interested in the vast importdote," &c.

ance of the more general adoption of Page 66. Johnson is certainly mis- this measure; and capnot but deplore taken when he asserts that wain is a in common with many others, the contraction of waggon. Both the consequences that have resulted from words are genuine Saxon, and I should the long-acknowledged want of it ; contend that wain is the older, and is being confident that the numbers wbo still a prevailing provincial word. dissent from the Church, whether What is more antient in English as- upon the plea of doctrine or discitronomy than Charles's wain “ He pline(but more particularly the latter), maketh the waynes of Heaven.” I have been greatly increased by this Job 9. Bishop's Bible. See also Mag- deficiency in the service of the Estana Charta, i Hen. 3. Article 15. blished Church. Your Corresponde Blackstone's edition,“ Villapus eodem ent has related the gratifying effects modo amercietur salvo waynnagio of an Evening Lecture, in a place suo si inciderit in misericordiam nos- which he has lately visited. With tram;" thus translated by Rastell, &c. your leave I will take another course,

any others villain than ours, shall and briefly observe upon the state of be likewise amerced, saving his wain the city wherein I live, and where, I age, if he fall into our mercy.” am sorry to say, there is no such

Page 141. Recklessness is Saxon practice. With fourteen parish for carelessness and not for rashnesschurches, and two chapels for DisVide the Articles of the Church. See senters, the place is tolerably well also Ash and Bailey, and aq hundred supplied with accommodations for Divines.

the population, which is about 12,000 Page 167. Wiped, in the sense here' persons. At nearly all the churches put, is not an expression peculiar to the moroing service is regularly read,


The word for, I were is a Letter on the utility of

page; aud

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99 Evoning Lectures desirable.The Queen.

[Jan and a sermon preached every Sun- you have all that constitutes what is day. At ten of them the evening commonly called an Evening Leeture. service is read between the hours of If any pious Clergyman (and of such, two and four o'clock in the afternoon, I trust, our venerable Establishment mostly without the addition of a ser. can boast, and proudly boast, of many) mon s and only at two churches are would make trial of this alteration, there Lectures, which are preacbed at an extended audience would soon sa-* four o'clock in the afternoon ; and tisfy him that he had conferred a real thougb well attended, would, I have blessing op bis flock, and a perse-“ no doubt, attract a much greater verance in so excellent a practice congregation, if the service began at would ensure to bis Church a still in-' six or half-past six o'clock. At both creasing, rather than a diminishing the Dissenting Chapels (which toge. congregation. gether are capable of containing 2000 Should your Correspondent be iopersons), there is worship in the moro- clined to favour us with some further ing, afternoon, and evening and remarks, I hope he will coovey them though one of the Chapels has been in a spirit that will better beseem “ A rebuilt lately, and the other consi. Member of the Church of England;" derably enlarged, they are in the and that he will not again apply to evening crowded exceedingly. the teachers of those who differ from

The inhabitants of several of the us, the epithet of “Religious Mounteparishes, have endeavoured, without banks." " Such language as this is success, to obtain the establishment neither becoming in a Churchman of an Evening Lecture in their nor a Christian, and more especially Churches ; many of the objections when indiscriminately applied to a mentioned by your Correspondent class of men, amongst whom, he can. have been urged," the expense of not deny, are to be found many cnilighting,"

," “ the danger of imitating nent for their piety and virtue. the Methodists,” and “ the possibility A LAYMAN, AND A MEMBER OT of affording greater facilities to youth

THE CAURCA OJ ENGLAND. in forming improper connexions," with other equally frivolous and un- Mr. URBAN, Somers' Town, Jun. 8. important objections, have in must N your last Volume, Part ii. p. 488, result is, that many bundreds of young late Queen's journey from Harwich persons in this place are left to idle to London, on her Majesty's first away the precious hours of the Lord's landing in this country, as given by Day in loitering to and fro in the Dr. Watkins. Some of the circumstreets, or employing their time in a staoces of this journey are yet fresh manner infioitely more dangerous to in my memory. I was at that period their morals.

at Tolleshunt Darcey, within a few If, Mr. Urban, this was the state miles of Colchester ; and with other of one place oply, there would be boys strongly invited by our friends much to regret , but when we know to see the line sight of a new Queen the same may be said of almost every passing through that town. Double! village, and by far too many towns in less, the route of the Princess, with the kingdom, when the sublime ser. all the particulars, is to be found in vice which our ancestors in their wise your pages ; but the reason of her dom designed for the evening, is read being taken to spend the night at so carly in the afternoon, as to be Witham, in the house of Lord Aberalmost a continuation of the morning corn, although unprepared, and as I service;. wben these things, I say, recollect, in the absence of bis Lordare almost general, some new regula- ship, was obviously the more equal tion does indeed seem to be necessary. division of the journey, which would

lo answer to one objection alleged indeed have been considerably broken by your Correspondent, “ that the by another stage as far as Chelmsford. Service of the day is sufficiently fa- The Princess's first stage was to Col. tiguing, without additional or super. chester, where she took some refreshAuous duty," I would ask, wby not ment at the house of Mr. Enneu, tho read the Evening Service in the even. then town clerk, and whero Mr. ing, instead of the afternoon, And Great, the grocer, a descendant of then, with the addition of a sermon, either a bigh or low Dutch family of


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1820.) Tolleshunt Knights.Ancient Anecdotes. 23 the name of Von Grot, long settled in without the slightest vestige of ioColchester, had the honour of present, 'scription, in 1761, be still in being, or ing her Highness, on his knees, with a whether it has undergone the usual box of candied Eringoe roots, one of fale of such in our country churches ? the staple articles of that aotient Yours, &c.

John LAWRENCI. town.-To proceed with my gossip, Mr. Urban, the late respectable Dr. Ancient Anecdotes, &c. Clubbe of Ipswich, son of the Rev. from VALERIUS MAZINUS, Mr. Clubbe, author of the “ Antiqui- by Dr. CAREY, West Square. ties of Wheatfield,” in turning over (Continued from vol. LXXXIX. ii. the pages of which, you and I have

p. 509.) had a laugh io days long past, served biz apprenticeship to the brother of A This time when Valerius wrote

this collection of " Memorabilia" this Mr. Great, who was an apothe- (the early part of the first century of cary. Much about the time of which

the Christian æra), so cautious were I speak, Mrs. Eodeu sustained a loss the citizens of Marseilles to guard of that kind, very ill relished by those against hostile surprises, that do who are fond of good eating-she stranger, who approached their city had all her turkies stolen, and that, with a sword or other weapon, was as was guessed, by no ordinary pro- permitted to enter the gates, until he fessional thief.

had delivered it into the hands of cer. I have mentioned Tolleshunt Dar- tain officers stationed there for that cegişin the adjoiving parish church, purpose, who kept it in their custody Tolleshunt Knights, about the year during bis stay, and returned it to 1701, I saw, as I recollect, in the bim ai his departure. Lib. 2, 6, 9. North wall, a very antient monument The ancient Gauls, under a firm of soft stone. Upon this tomb re- belief of the immortality of the soul, clined at length a knight armed often leot. sums of money, which cap-4-pić, with two figures at his

were not to be repaid, until the lead. feet, traditionally said to be his two ers and the borrowers met in the spaid bitches.

As the story went, other world.Lib. 3, 6, 10. this knight aided by his two spaid In one of the Thracian tribes, the bitches, waged a furious combat with

birth of a child was a subject of lahis holiness the Devil, on a ertain

mcntation ; and a funeral was attenddispute as to the future site of a

ed with cheerful rejoicing. - Lib. 2, house called Barn Hall; the Devil

, 12. insisting that it should not stand

It was a custom among the Lycians, where the building was commenced, that, during the period of inourning and in consequence, pulling all down for a deceased relative, the men should by night which had been reared by wear the feminine dress, in order that day. Though the knight fought the shame of appearing in that unbravely, he does not appear to bave manly garb might the sooner induce been equally tan Mercurio quam them to lay it aside, and, togetber Marti; for, making an unpardonable with it, their unavailing regret.-blooder in certain responses, which, Lib. 2, 6, 13. by the laws of the combat, he was

In the year 501 (U. C.*) the Connecessitated to make, the subtle De.. sul C. Cotta, having occasion to abvil vanquished, and declared he would sent himself from his army while enhave him, whether he were buried by gaged in a siege, appointed an offiseu or by land, in church or church

cer, a near relative of bis own, as yard; and so, in order to outwit the temporary commander in his stead. Devil, he was buried in the church

During his absence, the besieged made wall. Now, as I have not been at Tolleshunt Knights from that time * (U. C.)- Although, to the Classical to the present, I wish much to know

Reader, this needs no explanation, it may whether the knight lies soug and safe

be proper to apprise the English Reader, in the church wall still.

that the numbers accompanying the (U.C.)

are the dates of the years from the foundaSeriously, I should be glad to be

tion of Rome, which I shall, henceforward, informed by any of your Correspond- thus briefly mark, in particular cases, ents io that part of Essex, whether where the dates may be of importance in this gotieot monument, which was in estimatiog the manners and customs of tolerable good preservation, although different ages.

a fa rious


Ancient Anecdotes.-Germination in Exotic Seeds. (Jan.

a furious sortie, set fire to the be- know " the best mode of producing siegers' works, aod nearly succeeded germination in exotic seeds *," that in in storming their camp. lo resent. the year 1793, M. Humbolt discoment of which disgrace, the Consul, vered that metallic oxydes favour it on his return to the army, ordered in proportion to their degree of oxydahis unfortunate vicegerent to be se

tion. This fact induced him to search verely scourged; degraded him from for a substance with which oxygen his rank, and condemned hiin to serve might be so weakly combined as to on foot as a common soldier.-Lib. be easily separated, and he made 2, 7, 4.

choice of oxygenated_muriatic gas The Dictator Poslumius Tubertus mixed with water. The seeds of (U. C. 322) punished his own son for cresses soaked in this gas showed having, without orders, quilted his germs at the end of six hours; but post, to engage


enemy. Although not in common water till the end of ihe valiant youth returned victorious thirty-two hours. The action of the from the combat, the father ordered first fluid on the vegetable fibres is him to be beheaded : [and, if I be quickly announced by a great numnot very much mistaken, the punish- ber of air-bubbles, which cover the ment of decapitation, in the Roman seeds, a phenomenon pot exhibited army, was always preceded by a severe by water till at the end of from thirty application of the rods. ]-Lib. 2, 7, 6. tó forty-five minutes.

The Consul Maplius (413 U. C.) In 1796, be resumed the subject in exercised similar severity against his new series of experiments, and own son, who, being personally chal. found that, by joining the stimulus leoged by the commander of a hostile of caloric to that of oxygen, he was party, had privately gone forth to enabled still more to accelerate the encounter his challenger, had gal- progress of vegetation. He took the Jantly defeated and slain-him, and re- seeds of garden-cresses, peas, Frenchturned laden with bis spoils.-Lib.2,7,6. beans, lettuce, and mignionette, equal

While the Consul Calpurnius Piso quantities of which he put into pure was carrying on the war against the water, and the gas at the temperafugitive slaves in Sicily (U. Č. 620), a

ture of 88° Fahrenheit; the cresses body of Roman cavalry, under the exbibited germs in three hours in the command of C. Titius, suffered them- gas, but not in water till the end of selves to be surrounded and ignomi. twenty-six hours. These experiments niously disarmed by a party of the have since been repealed by several enemy.--As a punishment for their distinguished philosophers. Professor disgraceful and un-Roman submis- Pohl al Dresden, caused to germi. sion, the Consul condemned Tilius to nate in oxygenated muriatic acid, the stand at head quarters from mora seed of a new kind of Euphorbia, till night, bare-footed, with his vest taken from a collection of dried ungirt, and his gown curtailed: and plants, 120 years old. Jacquin and this penance was continued during his Vander Schott, at Vienna, threw into whole remaining term of service; this acid all the old seeds which had with the additional aggravation of an been kept 20 or 30 years at the Boexclusion from all society, and a pro

tanic Garden, every previous attempt hibition to enjoy the comfort of to produce vegetation in which bad bathing, which, by a Roman, was been fruitless, and their latent germi. deemed almost as necessary as his nating powers were for the most food.Nor did the Consul confine part stimulated with success ; bis severity to the unfortunate com- the hardest seeds yielded to the inander of the troop : be further agency of this acid. Among others punished the whole corps, by dis- which germinated were the yellow mounting them, and transferring them bonduc, or nickar-tree (guilandina to the companies of slingers, the least bonduc), the pigeon cytisus (cytisus respectable portion of a Roman cajun), the dodonæa angustifolia, the army.-Lib. 2, 7, 9.

climbing mimosa (mimosa scandens), (To be continued.)

and some new kinds of the homæa.

See Encyclopædia Londinensis, article Mr.URBAN, Plaistow Acad. Jan. 4. Germination.

E. BIRCH. me to inform your Correspondent C. L. who wishes to * See vol. LXXXIX. ii. p. 518.




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