1820.) Secretaries of State -- Forms of Worship.

225 I believe the most abtient Collection Heu. VII. Oliver King, made Bishop of of Letters, &c. of a Secretary of Stato Ba'h and Wells, 1495. DOW extant is contained in a fair

Richard Fux, made Gishop of Manuscript (No.211 in the Manuscript

Winchester, 1502, and a Privy Coun.

sellor. Library at Lambeth) entitled " Opusculum ex missivis litteris serenis

Fees of Principat Secretaries of State. simi principis Henrici sexti Anglie et In a Manuscript in the MS Library Francie Regis, tempore venerabilis viti at Lambeth (No. 286) containing, a "Thome de Bekyntona Legum Doctoris, List of his Majesty's Officers, with ejusdern Regis Secretarii, per eundem their fees, sans date (seems to be writRegem missis : unà cum quibusdam

ten teip. Jac. I.), I find aliis litteris ejusdem Secretarii, ac aliæ, at infra suis locis patebit ; ad utilitatem


Li. simplicium in unum collectum et compilatum.”

Secretaries - Fee...... 100 super Diett in

Court." [I have not at present the date of the first and last of these Letters; but

Those who attended the King were will send it; however I know they

called, by way of distinction, Secreare before 1443. ]

taries of the Commands, Regi d manThis Dr. Bekynton became Bishop of

datis. This continued till 1559, when, Bath and Wells, Oct. 3, 1443, and died at a treaty of pence between the possessed of that See, Jan. 4, 1464.

French and Spaniards, the former ob. in the interview of Henry VIII. and

served that the Spanish ministers who Francis 1. between Guines and Ardres,

treated for Philip 11. called themselves on the 7th of June 1520, the King's

** Secretaries of State ;" upon which Secretary (the first of the four Coun.

the French Secretuires des Commundesellors Spiritual) ranked immediately ments, out of emulation, assumed the after the Knights of the Garter, thus:

same title, which theuce passed into The Secretary,

The Master of the Rolls,

Some farther particulars relative to
The Dean of the Chapel,

The Secretaries of State may be scen The Almoner.

in Chamberlayne's “ Present State of

A.C. DUCAREX. Among the Harleian Mss. in the England." British Museum, No. 305, 44, is one entitled « The State of a Secretaries

Mr. URBAN, Thuxted, Feb. I. Place, and the Perill thereof, written


TE Letter of J. W. (p. 8.), comby Robert Cecill the Earle of Salis

menting on the matters which bury. Fol. 369."

form some of the reasons given by In the same Library, No. 6035, is a Dissenters for differing from the estab“ MS. io quarto, containing daily Me- lished Church of England, I hope, will morandums in relation to the business

meet the eye of every reasonable Disof the Secretary's Office, from 25 senter denominated “ Independent," March to 3 December 1585."

especially those who have been The following is a list of as many of brought up in that persuasion withthe Secretaries of the antieot Kings out being acquainted with the prinof England as I have been able to dis- ciples wherein such dissension lies ; cover in Bishop Godwiu's Catalogue for I think it will be allowed by them, of the Bishops of Eagland:

that the Form of Prayer is the Hen. II. Silvester Giraldus Cambrensis.' greatest principle of such dissension.

(Prince's Worthies of Devon, p. 12.) No sects or persuasions of the Chrisa Ric. I. William de Sancta Maria, Canon tian Religion are so inveterate against

of St. Paul, made bishop of London, the Roman Catholic Church as the A. D. 1199.

Dissenters from the Established Church Edw. III. Thomas Hatfield, made Bishop of England, not only on account, say of Durham,'1345.

they, of the worshipping of images William of Wickham, made

and paintings (which they conceive Bishop of Winton, 1367.

the Roman Catholicks do by this Hen. IV. Roger Walden, made Bishop bending the knoe before the cross, or

of London, 1404. Hen. VI. Thomas Bekynton, made Bishop any painting of our Saviour, of the of Bath and Wells, 1443.

Aposiles, and of their numerous Edw. IV. James Goldwell, made Bishop of Norwich, 1472.

Chambers's Dictionary. Gent. MAG. March, 1820.


226 Forms of Prayer.-How to improve Grass-Land. [March, saints)..but from their prayers and ing that read or explained, too often ; other forins of their Church being which, I am sure, no Christiao will alperformed by their priests in the La- low. Yours, &c., M. L. tin tongue, of which the lower orders of their hearers must be totally igno Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 4.

TOUR the devotion.

(vol Now, Mr. Urban, I look upon the assured that the most effectual way of Dissenters' form of worship as bor, producing fine short green grass is, dering, io some degree, on that of the keeping of sheep on the land, and the Romao Catholick, in this respect in winter feeding them with bay aud of keeping the Congregalion in con. turnips. A cow pasture will proba. tioual ignorance of what their mi. biy be the richer field of the two, but pisters are about to utter,

it will be tufty; for I think the cow In consequence of their discarding rather than the ewe avoids every particular forin of prayer in

“ The green sour ringlet, their service, they are completely at Whereof the superstitious ewe not bites." the mercy of their minister as to the words and subjects of their prayer,

If grass-land has been originally

very ill laid away, unless it is of so without it being possible to know (till the minister has uttered it) the small an extent that it may be called

a grass-plot, perhaps the end will be tenor or purport of any sentence of

sooner attained by ploughing it up,and it; consequently they must be unable

with attention merely to cleaoliness, to accord their minds with the spirit

with or without a crop, sowing it of the prayer to such a degree of cer

away with white clover and Dutch or tainty as they would if they had a

hop clover (for the large red clover form of prayer to go through ; for

is not permaoent) and rye grass, or one miod may be bent upon humbling itself before the Divine Presence, im

any other favourite fashionable grass. ploring forgiveness for some parti- I presume your Correspondent's fields

are covered with long white grass, cular sin, at the same instant that

as the Scotch poet says, apother may be fervently bent upon

“ The windle strat, øffering up a thanksgiving for some

Sae limber and grayparticular blessing experienced, when,

Did sbirer beneath their tread;" at that very moment, their minds are baulked (if I may use the expressjan), but if the land is wet, do remedy will or called off to a prayer then offered be effectual previous to draining, and up by the minister for the welfare of for real sound draining the cuts must the Nation, or some other such geve- be deep, and reach the fountain head, ral subject; whereas, bad they a writ. not such shallow things as may be ten form (as the Established Church disturbed by mould warps, or the has), they would be able to attune operation of frost, &c. their minds to each prayer in succes

All sorts of manure may be applied sion.

to old bad hidebound grass without I kvow it has been argued that, by effect, and yet, except in trusty hands, repeating forins of prayer so conti- the plough is a dangerous experiment; nually, ininds of men become so ba- if Lancashire's land is dry and sound, bituated to them, that they utter them the safest choice will be to wintermechanically, without even thinking feed sheep with plenty of turnips. or knowing what they utter. That Bone manure, it is well-known, may such is too often the case, is to be be procured in the vicinity of large regretted; but that cannot apply to towos; there are mills for the pur. those who have a true sense of our pose, but the bones may be


be. religion, and who seriously feel their neficially broken grossly by the band. awelul situation when so immediately Yours, &c.

R. S. throwing themselves into the presence of their Maker ; besides, what inay


Feb. 8. be applied agaiust the form of prayer

ERMIT me to correct an error, Jerence through continual use) will dent Byro has fallen, in inserting -cerlainly apply to the Bible, by hav. ,Lord Grey de Wilton among the na

11820.]' Lord Grey de Wilton.--On British Coinage. 227 tives of Bucks. The following in the present state of our Cuidage bave scription, copied from his monument given rise to some reflections in my at Whaddon, may perhaps be consi mind on the same subject, which dered by your Readers as satisfactory perhaps you will allow ine to submit evidence; although one Correspond to your Readers through the medium ent seems inclined not to place any of your Magazine. credit upon epitaphs. Fuller, how The absence of historical devices ever, whom I presume to bave been from the issues of the modern miat, your Biographer's authority, was not and especially from those of Great Bria acquainted with Lord Grey.

lain, has been frequently noticed and "To the Glorie of the God of Hostes.

lamented. Indeed it is the more to “ Here under restėth Arthur Lord Grey be deplored, as the late extensive of Wilton, borne at Hames in France, who coioage afforded an illustrious opfrom his youth trained upp under his fa. portuuity of remedying the defect, ther the Lord W. Grey in militarie affaires, which every friend to the real glory served in Queen Marie's Lyme at St. Quin of his country must be sorry to have tin's and Guiendes, being then of th' age seen altogether neglected. Instead

of XX yeares; here leaving his father of reverses that would have tended • prisoner *, hee was dispatched into Scot. to memorialize the events of the past land for the truice at Edinboroe; and after

reign (ope of the most remarkable of in Queene Elizabeth's tyne served under those which are recorded in the page his father at Leete t: lastly, he was im

of history) we are presented with plied L. Deputie into Ireland, and there he defeated the Spanish fort at Smerwick,

the perpetual recurrence of the Royal rooted out the traytors of the English pale, arms, enclosed indeed, on the half. and subdued the rebells in the rest of all

crowo pieces, within the collar of the the provinces, and having governed Garter, but exhibiting no other mathere 'about twoo years, retourned into

terial variety. England, and died at whaddon the 141h To this monotonous appearance the of October 1593, in the 57th yeare of his sovereigns and crown-pieces do in

deed present some contrast-but the, The latter part of this inscription George and Dragon, which occupy confutes a note in Smeeton's re-pub- the field on the reverses of the latter, lication of Clarke's “ England's Re- bear a greater resemblance to a Per. membrancer," which state, that Lord seus or Bellerophon after the antique, Grey is died at his residence in Tot- than to the tutelary Saint of Britain. hill-sti et I, Westminster."

A representation of that admirable If one name is substracted from the specimen of modern architecture, the list of eminent natives, there are a Waterloo Bridge, would bave formed few others not yet noticed by Byro: a more interesting device and, actbe two followiog may suffice for the companied by such a motto as GALLI present :

DEVICTI, would have recorded one of Jobo Forster, author of “ Eng. the most illustrions events of modern Jand's Happiness promoted by a Plai. history, as well as the form of one tation of Potatoes," dedicated to of our finest edifices: the date of the King Charles II. 1664, 4to. Hanslage, battle might have appeared in the 1626, died 1693.

exergue. The venerable British Oak Margaret Andrewes, “ A Virgin would have been equally ornamental, and a Saint $,” Lathbury 1667, died and an excellent companion to the 1680. LATHBURIENSIS. Palm of Judea and the Silphin of

Cyrene. Mr. URBAN, Tansor, March 7. It is well known that the adinirable THE very judicious remarks of suggestions contained in the 96th pa.

your Correspoodcot R.M. R. on per of the Guardian gave rise to




* This William Lord Grey was obliged to ransom himself by the sale of the best part of his patrimony, Wilton Castle, Lathbury, &c. + Leith, where he was wounded in the shoulder.

Tothill-street, though now one of the most low parts of the metropolis, has a strong claim to notice ; it is the birth-place of Betterton; and in its vicioiiy, it not upon the very site, the celebrated John Mansel, Ld. Chancellor to Hen. III. fasted that Monarch, with Alexauder King of Scotland and Margaret bis Queen, in 1956, See her “ Life," and Dr. Gibbons's “ Pious Women.”

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Coinage.--Cumberland Poets,

[Mareh those wonders of modern coinage, An Account of his Life and Writings the farthings of Quoen Anne ; which, may be seen in the Notes to Hutcbin. as Pinkerton truly remarks in his son's History of Cumberland. Essay on Coins and Medals, “ will do Mr. Thomas Sanderson, a native honour to the engraver, Mr. Croker, also of Sebergham, has published a to the end of time.”

small volume of poems, many of I am not so sanguine or presump- which are very elegant. Mr. Sandertuous as to imagine that any remarks son was also the editor of Relph's of mine will lead to a similar result, Poems, lately published at Carlisle, however desirable. Still I cannot and to which he apnexed an account help ipdulging a faint hope that the of his life, and a pastoral elegy on attention of our Govervinent will his death, Mr. Sanderson is still liv. io process of time be directed to this ing in a most beautiful rural situaobject, and redeem the character of tion upon the banks of the river Line our vational coinage from the re in Cumberland, proach of poverty of invention, un Mr. Robert Anderson, another der which it so justly labours al pre. Cumberland poet, is still living in sent, and which is by no means at Carlisle. Some time ago he publishtributable to any want of talent to ed a volume of poems, entitled “ Cumexecute such a design, as may be berland Ballads." In these he accuelearly proved by the inspection of rately describes the manners and Mudie's admirable series of medals, rustic sports of his native county, in which are indeed an honour to any its own dialect. Apother edition, age, aod an ornament lo any cabin with considerable additions of this net--but which, not being intended gentleman's poems, is about shortly for circulation, cannot bereafter be to be published by subscription. referred to as examples of numisma Mr. Robert Carlisle, a native of tic excellence on the part of the di. Carlisle, is still living. He has arrectors of our mint, nor form what rived at considerable eminence as a the coinage of a nation ought to ex Painter; and is no less celebrated as hibit, and what the wise policy of the a votary of the Muses. He has pubRomans always contrived that theirs lished several detached poems. Mr. should be, an injperishable and uni. Carlisle, if memory does not deceive versal record of national history.

me, is also author of two Novels, Yours, &c. A CONSTANT READER.

!" The Rose of Cumberland," and " The Heir of Gilsland."

The late Miss Susap Blamire, of Mr. URBAN, Kellington, March 10. Thuckwood-pook, near Carlisle, from

N addition to the list of living and what I have seen of her compositious, last Supplement, p. 595, I would wish very superior rank. I am not conto subjoin the Rev. Francis Wrang- scious that any of her works were ham, 1790; and a few more names ever published: neither am I certain, of persons, who; though their poems (not having the book at hand to reare, many of them, written in a pro- fer to) whether any account of her vincial dialect, are by no means un.

life is given in Hutchinson's Cumberworthy of a place in a catalogue of land. The following copy of verses, British Poets.

written by her when in a declining The first candidate I shall propose state of health, and which is the only for this honour is the late Řcv. Ja. one which I have at present in my siah Relph, for some time perpetual possession, may, perhaps, amuse some Curate of Seberg hanı, a small rural of your Readers. village situated near Carlisle. His poe " How sweet to the heart is the thought of tical works were first published short


[display; ly after his death, under the super.

When Hope's fairy pictures brightcolours intendance of the Rev. T. Denton, of

How sweet, when we can from futurity A hted in Surrey. Mr. Denton, 1


[day! have been informied, was also himself

A balm for the grief that afflicts us 10

When wearisome sickness has taught me a poet. A second edition was also

to languish published a few years ago at Carlisle.

[its wing,

For health and the comforts it bears on The chief and best of them are Pas.

Let me hope, oh! how soon would it lessen torals, wrillen in the dialect of his

my anguish,

(bring. native county (Cumberland).

Thai To morrow will ease and serenity



1820.) On Vitality and Animal Organization. 229 When travelling alone, quite forlorn, un- separate existence, so far am I, for my befriended,

own part, from seeing any just reason Sweet the hope that To-morrow my to believe, or even to suspect, that, wanderings should cease;

but for its sensible activity (or power Then at home, when with care sympathe- of voluntary motion), I do not at all tic attended,

[in peace.

perceive on what valid ground we cau I should rest unmolested, and slumber in Wheg six days of labour each other suc

pretend to ascribe to any earthly creaceeding,


ture the possession of a sentient naWhen hurry and toil have my spirits

ture: whilst, wherever the former What pleasure to think, as the last is re principle is known with certainty to ceding,

[rest. have been imparted, the latter (withTo-morrow will be a sweet Sabbath of out the most palpable absurdity) can And when the vaju shadows of time are never be imagined to have been with. retiring,

[in sight, holden. When life is fast fleeting, and death is

But, whether this opinion be or be The Christian believing, exulting, expir. pot well-founded ; to talk, in any case ing,


whatever, of one specific faculty or Beholds a To.morrow of endless deThe lofidel, then, sees no joyous To.mor. quality being superadded to another,

has always appeared to me a mode of Yet he knows that his moments are speaking altogether unphilosophical. hasting away ;

For it seems, by necessary implication, Poor wretch! can he feel without heart to favour the long-exploded doctrine rending sorrow,

of abstract principles, of faculties and : That bis joys and his life will expire qualities subsisting independently of with To-morrow.

any actual hypostasis or substance. Yours, &c.

OMICRON. Whereas, nothiog whatever is, in fact,

more obviously inconsistent with the

suggestions of right reason, than to Mr. URBAN,

March 12.

impule to any two classes of living


Quarterly Review for Nov. 1819, in their several principles of action " as the most probable conclusion to and perception; without mentally dewhich our reason can carry us, that riving such difference from a correlife in general is some principle of ac. spondent dissimilarity in the oritivity added by the will of Omnipo- ginal constitutiou of their respective tence to organized structure; and that natures. in man,

who is endowed with an intel But, if such essential diversity in the ligent faculty in addition to this prio- original constitutions (or elementary ciple possessed by other organized be- substances) of different terrestrial aniings, to life and structure an imma- mals be thus indisputably certain, why terial soul is superadded.”

talk, in any case, of one principle or Now, bighly as I both approve the faculty being superadded to another? principles and estimate the talents of Is it not, beyond comparison, more ihis writer, I can by no means induce consonant with the spirit and the lanmyself to acquiesce in the correctness guage of sound philosophy, to conof the preceding doctrine. I object ceive and represent all the various to it, in toto, on the following ground, properties and powers which distinviz. that of the phenomena for which guish any given class of living beings, it professes to account, it assigns a as perfectly coeval? (I mean, as all, cause wbolly gratuitous, and unneces ab origine, equally inherent in the sarily complicated. I readily indeed essence. peculiar to their kind ?) than acknowledge, that, of every animal to regard and speak of them as the with which we are acquainted, both respective attributes of different genethe active and the perceptive powers ric natures intimately related and and qualities are so intimately con combined ? pected with organized structure, as, Let us, for the


of illustrafor their actual exercise, to depend tion, instance in the two following entirely on it. But, that in the in- completely distinct properties, perstance of any individual inhabitant of ceplion and activity. These two pro. earth, either of the above-mentioned perties (in a higher or lower degree properties is ever found in a slate of attributable to every animaled heing)

fea sou

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