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210 On the Policy of General Education. [March, every reflecting person must be con scarcely ever heard of Radical Reform. scious that the first effect of his in. It surely is not to the uneducated, formation was, to suggest doubts and that Cobbett, Wooller, Hone, and produce an unsettled state of mivd Sherwin, address their writings ; and upon every subject not capable of if popular ignorance renders a people demonstration. Even the religious obaoxious to the desigos of such per, Beattie, in his early life, was affected sons, how does it happen that they by that false science " which leads to cannot sell one pamphlet in districts bewilder, and dazzles to blind.” The where the inhabitants are comparayouth.of all Universities are inore or tively benighted ? less prone to general scepticism; and It may be suggested for serious conit is truly remarked by a luminary of sideration, whether universal eduthe modern school of philosophy, ihat cation will not render the press of the only mode of removing our England, of necessity, dependent on doubts is to acquire perfect informa- the Government; for, if the people tion. Now, it is obvious that the become buyers of printed papers, the tone of opinion amongst the middle market will be supplied with daily and higher ranks is regulated by those food for their prevailing humours; who have made the greatest altair and, as curiosity and excitement are ments in every branch of knowledge, the feelings most useful to the dealers, and whose natural genius qualifies such methods will be naturally rethem to dictate to others. The so sorted tv, for the prosecution of their phistry of the half-learned sinks before interests, as will oblige the legislature them; the schoolboy philosopher to interfere, and induce the moderale dares not shew himself, and each new part of the cominunity to acquiesce error becomes exposed by reasoning

in its restrictive measures. or ridicule, and is quickly obliged to Amongst an uneducated people, withdraw itself and seek followers, real grievances may be effectually elsewhere. But amongst the common used as instruments by the ambitious, people this can never be the case:: and the passions urged to acts of intheir jealousy of rank and riches considerate violence against oppresinakes every opinion connected wilh sors: but the experience of all ages them unpopular and suspected : their leaches, that new doctrines have been own champions are alone looked up rejected by the ommon people, una to, and those champions can only ac less connected with the redress of real quire or retain their pre-eminence by misers. In an educated community, tallering those passions which are each sophist finds an audience, and radically injurious to the people them- every Theory a set of disciples : all sclves, as well as to the state.

striking and obvious incongruities in When religion is discussed," what politics and religion are caught by effect has Watsvu's A pology amongst impulse, whilst explanations are disa doubting populace ? Or, will the regarded, because they depend on polities of even Hampden, Russell, or modes of reasoning and knowledge Sydvey, be respected, if satirized and beyond the power of a people to alridiculed by Paine or Cobbelt ? tain themselves, and distrusted when

One most important fact is esta- emanating froin others. blished by the late turbulent proceed In answer to what many persons ings of the Radicals, namely, that the may say, on reading the above lines, classes who possessed that precise edu- 1 beg leave lo declare, that I am not cation which we are now giving to connected with any Church or party : the whole people, were those alone that iny philosophy is rather of the who received the pernicious doctrines, school called nudern, or liberal; and the educated lowlanders of Scotland, that I look upon the actual Consti. the reading and expounding attend. tution of England (Radicals and reants of public-houses in all great strictive statutes forgotten) as the towns, and the reading families of most persect of all political forms. cottages, who eagerly gave their pen. The power of the democracy is what nies for the blasphemous and seditious it ought to be, indirect, but inviná trash conveyed'in waggons through cible; and the aristocratic branch is the country, wbile the ignorant pea- forced to exercise its direct authority santry of Ireland were unassailable, in such a maoner as most conduces to and the highlanders of Scotland the general welfare,

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1820.) Customs of the Feejee Islands.

21. Were I to decide upon the question yet having met with another inan of national education, my present view soon afterwards, who had been in the would present the following alterna same trade, I took the opportunity tive: Every man educated, and a cen to converse with himn on the subject; sorship of the press; or limited in- he gave the same account, and withstruction, and perfect freedom of out knowing that I had heard them publication. Yours, &c.

before, related

many circumstances A PRACTICAL POLITICIAN. that had happened to Siddons him

self; for it appeared they had both History of sume curious Customs used been there at the same time. by the Natives of the BEEJEE 18 When a mau dies (said Mr. Sid. By J. A.

dons), if he be a chief or man of imTHE Feejee Islands are situaled portance, one or more of his wives

are strangled at his funeral; some 174° West longitude. They are very bave but one wife, but I have known little known, and have received va several with five or six. I myself rious names froin different naviga was present at one of these ceremotors. Tongataboo is the best known pies. The defunct was an old chief of this group, and there is an ac. who had died of some lingering dis-' count of it in a work by the Mission. ease, and his body was wasted to skin aries, who endeavoured to convert and bone. A native friend, who was the inhabitants to our holy religioo. a chief, came on-board try brig, and

These islands have been bui little invited me on shore to see the cerefrequented except by the Missiona mony, as I had formerly expressed ries, some of whom were massacred a wish to that effect. The corpse was in their devout attempts. They have, rolled up in large folds of a kind of however, been sometimes visited by cloth that is made in these islands, simi. men who had a less holy intention ; lar to, but coarser than that which is viz. by persons in search of sandel made at Taheite. They conveyed the wood, which forms a valuable article body to the door of the house of the of commerce in China, where it is said coloo or priest ; who are men having to be worth 801. a ton.

great influence in the country, and Io the pursuit of this article many wh are supposed to foretel future persons have had intercourse with events. The corpse was placed on che ivhabitants ; and have by no the ground with the feet towards the ineans left a favourable opinion of door of the priesl's house, and many while men among them. One vessel hundreds of the natives were surparticularly, after promising to as. rounding it. A woman was sitting at sist them in their wars with the na the head, which was uncovered, for tives of a neighbouring island, for the cloth was principally colled across which piece of service their brig was the belly. She had in her hand to be lader with sandel wood, received something like a powder-puff, and from them their cargo, and left them she continually puffed the face of the without any return. In consequence corpse with a black powder. I was of some nefarious travsactions of ibis anxious to get near the body, but my sort, they have sometimes shewed friend continually exhorted me to sigus of bostility, and more than once keep at a distance. I nevertheless innocent persons have suffered for the persisted, and advanced to within a guilty

few yards of it. The woman contiHaving occasion to pass at no great nued to sprinkle the face with the distance froin these islands in the year black powder, and when I had wailed 1815, the master of a brig in com about an hour, a murmur among the pany, whose name is Siddons, gave multitude and a sort of shoui ate me the following account. Mr. Sid. tracted my attention. My native dons bad been several years living friend, who kept beside me, informed amoog them, had an estate there, and me that it was occasioned by the apthey even acknowledged hiin as a proach of the principal wife of the Chief.

defunct chief, who lived some miles As to the truth of his relation 1 off, and who had just arrived in have no manneç of doubt; for, al canoe. In a few minutes she made though on hearing it, some circum- her appearance, accompanied by ber stances were eirough to startlc me, female friends. I did not observe any

mark

212
Customs of the Feejee Islands.

[March, mark of extreme dejection about her, on a cruise, and at my return, I but she appeared serious and thought. found my friend Riceammong dead. ful; she advanced to the body, kiss. He was a fine young man, and a chief; ed it, and then retreated backwards I had formerly eotered into an agreeabout twenty steps, keeping her face ment with him for a cargo of sandel towards it. "A woman well known to wood, which was not yet fulfilled. I me was sitling there, and the widow greatly regretted the death of this placed herself upon her lap, when the man, not only because I had a friendfemales who had accompanied her to ship for him, but because I feared it the place approached her and attempts would be a means of my losing my ed to kiss her, but she repelled them cargo of saddel wood. I called imscornfully with her arms, The wo. mediately upon his mother, wbo had man upon whose lap she sat, then also been a great friend to me. As put one of her hands at the back part soon as she saw me she embraced me; of the head of the widow, and the and not knowing I had been informed other on her mouth ; a man suddenly of her loss, with tears told me, that placed a cord round her neck; six Riceammong was dead; and what men who were ready took hold of can I do, said she, how shall I be able it, three at each end, and pulled with to procure you the sandel wood: I all their force. I did not observe that told her I was much grieved at the the widow made the least struggle, loss of her son, and requested to pay although after the manner of the coun. my respect to the body. I knew very try she was only covered about the mid- well before that it was customary to dle, not even her legs moved. I was visit and speak to the dead as they anxious to know what would be done were liviog, and that there was al. with the bodies, and had recourse to ways some person present to give an. my friend for that purpose He told swers for them.

I therefore went me, however, that that was not per with the mother to the apartment mitted to be knowo, but I might see where the body was laid, and taking all that they themselves knew ; the hold of the dead chief's hand, I said final part of the ceremony being to him," I see, Riceamong, what has known only to the caloo. I'accordhappened to you; you are dead, and ingly went to the priest's house in the have left us: you know, Riceamevening. The dead chief and his mong, the agreement that existed strangled widow were placed near the between us, that you were to pro. door. I had brought one of my boat's cure me a freight of sandel wood, erew with me, and as the few natives which I have already paid you for, that were present bad some difficulty and which I have not received; what in forciog the chief's body through is to be done in the business, Ricethe door.way, in consequence of the ammong ?” The mother, who stood many folds of clolb that were about by, apswered, “ yes, I recollect the it; this man assisted them in this part agreement, and I will take care that of the rite, and while this was doing I it shall be fulfilled.” Much more conwent into the apartment, anxious to versation passed between us which it discover whether there was any grave is needless to repeat, when we retired dug. It was dark, and I felt about from the body. I was by this time the house cautiously with my feet, intimate with many of the natives. I lest there should be a cavern beneath had a house and farm, and most of it, but I fouwd none; and as they my property was rendered sacred, had then placed the two bodies be or as it is called in the country, taside each other, in the house, my boved, so that any person injuring it friend told me that I could not be might be destroyed. permitted to see more, and we re The old mother took me to ben tired *.

house, and we had much conversaAnother instance of the same core, tion respecting the saudel wood that mony I was more intimately acquaiuta I had agreed with her son for; she ed with, and indeed was in soule mea wept much during our conversation, sure a party concerned. I had been and anxiously spoke of Riceammong?

one principal wife." You know, said she, * A description of the ceremony may

that she paid great attention to the be found in the voyage of a Missionary, white people, that she fed them, and printed in Mr. Dalrymple's Collection. · cloathed them. Alas! unless some of

her

1

1820.). Feejee Islands. Expence of Witnesses. 213 her friends rescue her, she must fol- cessary; that men oolg had a right to low my son to the grave. I know of interfere in these concerns; that it no friend she has io the world, added was the law, and that he was detershe, embracing me, but yourself : are mived for reasons known only to binnyou willing to save her? I would do self, that the usual sacrifice should my, utmost to save her.-Run then, take place immediately. It was theresaid she, hastily; wait not a moment, fore done as he had commanded, and there is still a chance of her life be- the widow of Riceammung was ing preserved. I was ignorant what strangled about a quarter of an hour it was necessary for me to do to ef- before I arrived with the whale's fect the purpose, and enquired of the tooth. My departed friend had threemother; she added quickly, you know wives, two of whom were strangled ; that you bave the authority of a the third was saved by the influence chief." Briog to the place of funeral of her relations, who were persons of a valuable present, hold it up in your great iofluence. bands, on your knees repeat the

(To be continued.) words; I beg the life of this woman ; and her life

Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 10.

OUR S. save her, you will have a right to her. I do not wish any person to pos- doubt aware that great expence may sess the widow of my son. I told her always be saved by the parties making I only wished to save her life ; when mutual admissions on the trial of a she embraced me weeping, and I went cause ; but as this depends upon the away. I had unfortunately nothing caprice of the parties interested, or on shore with me sufficiently valuable perhaps their aitornies, it often hapfor the purpose. I therefore ran dowo peos that instead of saving trouble, a to the boat to go off to the brig, dispositiou of harassing each other which was thirty miles distant: we to the extent of their power frepulled on-board as fast as possible, quently prevails. and I took one of the largest whales' A plan, however, might be adoptteeth, which I knew to be more va. ed, with the sanction of the Judges, lued there than gold. With a fresh or at farthest of the Legislature, to boat's crew we pulled back again; I avoid the uunecessary expence which was certain there was not a moment usually attends the examination of to spare; on my reaching the shore witnesses, ore tenus, wben their eviI leaped out of the boat, and ran to dence relates to facts, which in them. the spot where the ceremony would selves are not intended to be disputed ; take place. The caloo, however, was such as the execution of a deed, a my enemy , indeed he was the enemy demand of goods previous to an acof all the white people ; he had eveo tion of trover, the delivery of an at. predicted that ihe increased inter: torney's bill, signed pursuant to stacourse with the whites would endan- tute before commencement of suit, ger the nation. Hearing what I had and many other conimun-place cirintend to do, he had hastened the cumstances, which it would occupy ceremony. He was a man apparently too much space to enumerate. above the ordinary occurrences of The mode I propose would be, to life; whether through hypocrisy or a receive as evidence the depositions of real hardness of heart, he seemed to witnesses taken in writing, accordiog be bereft of the ordinary affections to the practice of the Court of Chaoof men; and I am inclined to think cery. Mr. Justice Blackstone (Cominuch instigated by hatred towards mentaries, Book 3, 383) suggests the the white people, he bad, under the same thing in the event of the wilcloak of religion, already bereft the ness going abroad, or being aged; the widow of Riceammong of life. The evidence to be taken conditionally, to molber had endeavoured with all her be read in case the witness leaves the power to prolong the time; the wi. kingdom, or dies previous to the trial; dow also, equally anxious to escape, -tbis of course would not answer the had used her utmost efforts to avoid proposed enda the fatal cord, but all was in vain. Notwithstanding the forcible ob The priest, with a look of sanctity, jections made by that great lawyer explained to the people that it was de (ibid. 373) to this kind of evidence

becoming

214 Holland.--Act temp. Edw. VI. relating to Wines. (Márch, becoming general, as in the civil not be lawful for any person within law courts, I cannot see that the the said dominions to keep aoy Ta. practice, if allowed, would be pro vern, or to sell or utter by retail, in ductive of any serious evils at a time any place, any of the said wine or like the present, when justice is so wines, except it be in cities, towns, impartially adıninistered ; in West- corporate boroughs, port-lowns, or minster Hall rules would soon be laid markel-towns, or in the towns of down, directing in what cases such evi. Gravesend, Sittingborn, Tuxford, and delice ought to be received: by such Bagshol." I shall be obliged to any a course the loss of much time and

of your Correspondents who will expence, as well to the parties as the have the goodness to communicate wiinesses, would certainly be avoided. an adequate reason for naming these I am aware difficulties would allend towos particularly in the Act. the introduction of this as well as any The wbile Act is curious, as far as new practice, but they would soon it recites the character, number, and pass over, and be greatly counter distribution of wine-houses in the balanced by the benefits which would year 1553, and appears to have been in time result from it.

à necessary extension of a system, Should you deem the above worthy upon which the Act' relating to Alea place in your Magazine, it will houses was passed two years antecegreatly oblige your occasional Corre. dently, 5, 6 Edw. VI. cap. 25. These spondent,

E. I. C. Acts appear to be the foundation of P.S. Allow me to correct two the code for the regulation of publicerrors in my Letter on the subject of houses at this day. the Inner Temple Hall, in p. 579, col. The facilities for the importation 2, line 4; you have printed

6 sash of wines at Gravesend and Siltingpanes," instead of " sasb-frames," as bourve, may have suggested indeed, I wrule; and my initials stand E.T.C. the accommodation for them; this, instead of E. l. C.

however, does not apply to Bagsbót

and Tuxford. The two former towns Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 11. were increasing at that time, and A.

S an instance of the great im were severally made towus corporate

provement to the country, during in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, vide his late Majesty's reigai, few parts of Hasted's Keni. Englaud equal the Division of Hol Tuxford is omitted in a subsequent land in Lincoloshire, where there is clause of the Act. bow not ope open common fen left, King Henry VI. by letters patent, and 28 parishes are exonerated from appointed John Jepyn and Richard tithes out of 39 : those which re Ludlow, Sargeants of his Cellar to main unfortunately titheable are, the Bail wick of Bagshot.Vide ManFleet, Holbeacli, Lulton, Sution Si. ving and Bray's Surrey, vol. 111. p. 85. Mary, Sulton St. James, Sulton St. Yours, &c.

R. P. C. Edmund's, Tydd, St. Mary, Weston, Whaplode, Whaplode Drove, Algar

Mr. URBAN,

Fuwley Parsonage, kirke,

Henley.

THE discrepancy of increased 6,139, and since that the further increase would be found per- Holy Writ, is worth removing. Theohaps in the same proportiop. C. phylact mentions tour; Mary, the

mother of James, Juses, and our Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 18. Lord ; Mary, wife of Cleophas; Mary, Y an Act passed in the 7th Ed. the sister of Lazarus ; and Mary Mag

ir ke population from 1801 to 1811, Teile hamber of "Marys in

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ing of many inconveniences, much thority of St. Johu, enumerates but evil rule, and common resort of anis. three, leaving out the sister of Laruled persons, used and frequented zarus, unless I can, with all due rein many Taverns of late newly set up spect to Dr. Lardoer, prove her to be io very great number, in back lanes, Mary Magdalene. It is positively corners, and suspicious places, within said by St. John, that Mary of Bethany, the City of London, and in divers sister to Lazarus, was thai Mary wbich other towns and villages within this apointed the Lord with ointment, and Realm ," it is enacted, “ That it shall wiped his feet with ber bair (ch. xi.

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