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way air,

vest."

202 Explanation of certain antiquated Words.

(Marcb, dowoward brings to mind the words 16. EAR. EARING. EARED. of our immortal Shakspeare,

“ And will set them to ear bis ground, and " How fearful

to reap his harvest.” 1 Sam. 8. 12. And dizzy ’lis, to cast one's eyes so low !

“ The oxen likewise, and the young asses The crows and chougbs that wing the mid that ear the ground, sball eat clean pro

vender."

30 Isaiah, 24. Shew scarce as gross as beetles.

" And yet there are five years, in the which - I'll look no more,

there shall peither be earing nor harLest my brain turn, and the deficient sight

45 Genesis, 6. Topple down headlong."

In earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest."

34 Exodus, 21. The key of the Castle is now in the

“ Unto a rough valley which is neither hands of the Female Warden, au old

eared nor sown."

21 Deut, 4. woman in the village of Beeston, who

" Then auswered the labourer, I go to eare receives occasionally a few shillings my land.” Esop's Fables, B. L. 101. from the curious visitor.

" Shewed him the labourer, as he eared Beeston Castle, during the period the earth.”

Ibid. 120. of the threatened invasion in 1803 and “ When the labourers that cultured and 1804, was fixed upon by the Lieute eared the earth,"

Ibid. 128. nancy of the County as the site for a

The words ear, earing, and eared, sigoal station and beacon. The Em.

are in such common use in the Scripperor of St. Helena, “ pot having screwed his valour to the sticking tures, and in divers authors, for “ to place," did not attempt bis promised ed," that I am quite astonished at Dr.

,” “ plougbing,” and “plowvisit; and the projected preparations Johnson's entire omission of them, to “ give note” of bis arrival were, especially as Bailey (as well as Skinner) consequently, not made.

bas the Saxon verb active, “ to ear, It is distant about 11 miles E. S. E. (derived from the Latin aro) lo till, from Chester; and, the canal to Nant

to plough,” &c. and gives us one of wich, &c. passiog close to the hill, a

the quotations above (45 Genesis) and trip to the old ruin is a favourite boli

also the word “earable,” from whence day indulgence among the Cestrians.

our present word arable. They ought

each of them to have a place in the EXPLANATION OF CERTAIN ANTI“, new Dictionary. QUATED WORD8.

17. Even. (Continued from p. 116.)

“ The more pity that great folk should 18. DISEASEST, for troublest, dis

bave countenance to drown or hang

themselves more than their even Christurbest, &c. is of frequent occurrence

Hamlet. in the Bishops' Bible ;

“ Despitous is he that hath disdain of his “ Why diseasest thou the Master ?"

neighbour, that is to say, of his even 5 Mark, 35.

Cristen." Chaucer, The Persone's Tale. Thy daughter is dead, disease not the

De Superbia. Master!"

8 Luke, 49.

“ Yf thy brother or even Chryslen offende and I can find no reason why it may the correcte him." Bishop Fisher on not be retained. Johnson gives it as

the seven penetencyall Psalmes. a verb active, and quotes Shakspeare, I need not multiply the instances in “ Let her alone, Lady! as she is

now,

she which the word even was formerly will but disease our better mirtb." used in the sepse of equal or fellow I think it very expressive, and full as Christian. Latimer has it frequently good a compound as any of the other in that sense, and so have Gower and diss's now in use.

other aptient authors,

Asb (froin 14. DISPERPLED.

Carew) admitsit, but says it bas grown They leave traiterously the flocke to the obsolete. (Vide also Skinner). I must woulfe, to be disperpled abrode and

own I could wish to retain it in this torne in pieces."

sense, for surely it is very expressive, Erasmus, 10 John, p. 76. b. and bad doubtless an allusion to the 15. DISPARCLED.

path of life all humble-minded Chris“ Then all his (Darius) men for feare tians were travelliog together, pari

disparcled.Brende's Quintus Curtius. passu.

Both these words are now well sup 18. Force. FORCING. plied by the word dispersed, (derived “ It is lytel force to the, it skilles the nofrom the Latio).

thing, whether we be saved or damned."

tiao.”

1820.) Explanation of certain antiquated Words. 203 It forceth not for our purpose, tho'Jonas “ Seeking of prebends, &c. is symonje; in holy Scripture signify Christ.”

for you shall hardly find one or two Bishop Fisher on the Psalmes. among a thousand that come by these " A miserable Foole evermore shall he be geare lawfully,” &c.

Musculus. " Which his children's faultes forceth not " Were not all these geare newe, when to see.”

Ship of Fools, 12. they were first instituted?” (viz. Popish, “ Few are that force now a days to see doctrines and ceremonies. ] Ibid. “ Their children taught,” &c. Ibid. 13. b. To say the truth, the welthiness of the " That heavenly joy done forceth to pur rich men, which consisteth in gold, sil. chase."

Ibid. 19. b. ver, and other like gay geare.” Ibid. “ Save deepest to drinke, such force not “ Hear not him, it is hard geare that he of their soules."

Ibid. 32. b. teacheth, hear the world !" Erasmus. They force not for the multitude of the “ This is the most heavy fruit of that pleapeople in the city." Bishops' Bible, sure that is delectable, promising sweet

39 Job. 7.
geare."

Ibid. “ Be it true or false, it forceth not greatly." “ This geare must be look'd to.Hanmer's Eusebius.

Dekker's Gull's Hornbook. " The Bishop of Rome forceth no more of “Come I long to be about this geare.Christ's Church than the hireling."

Green's Tu Quoque. Taverner's Proverbs. To study out the hid mysteries of the “ Such as force not whether they are seen law: but let that geare be left to your or not, draw down the cowl.”

judges," &c. Fortescue on the Laws Becon's Reliques of Rome.

of England, 24. " It is not sufficient to have attained the “ O thou daughter of Egypt ! make ready

name, &c. of a shepherd, not forcing thy gear to Ait.” howe.”

Erasmus.

Bishops' Bible, Jeremiah 46, 19. The instances in which the words The too general sense in which the force and forcing are used in the word geare was used by the above, senses above quoted are too numerous and many other old authors, renders for further quotation. Examples the retaining of it useless. The Saxon from Chaucer alone might be pro- word, from which it is derived, meant duced without number , and from him furniture, ornament, dress, &c. but Chaucer gives the word as obsolete; all the authors above quoted have but it has been in such general use, used it in the place of the words that I sbould wish it to be retained matters, things, stuffs, doctrines, cere. and used.

monies, &c. &c. and generally in a de19. GEASTES.

grading sense. Ye the geastes and dorechekes moved at

21. GOBBETS. their cryinge.”

I know not why this word (derived Tindall's Bible, and Cranmer's from the French) should, by Johnson Bible, 6 Isaiab.

and others, be called a low word; The word bere rendered geastes is they, at the same time, quoting the now changed to “ lentils.” Query, use of it by Sir Roger L'Estrange, Whence is geust derived ?

Spenser, Shakspeare, and Addison. 20. GEER, or Gear.

With giving you a passage from Tin. " Tho' it were no better than Amadis de dal's Bible, as under, and referring you

Gaule, the four Sonnes of Amon, the to Skinner, I can only express my Tales of Robin Hoode, and such other opinion that it ought to be more gelike Fables, yet were they thought very nerally used; for a better single word trimme and gay geare to occupy the has not been substituted. people's ears with all."

“ And they took up twelve baskets ful of Preface to Gaulthere's Homilies.

the gobets and of the fishes.” 6 Mark. " So that we now run hither and thither to find out mediators; and therefore for

22. GYE, or GIE. the cutting off of all this geare, it is said

"O Lord, my soule and eke my body gie." that God holpe himself," &c.

Chaucer's Second Nonne's Tale.
Calvin.
“ And if that ye in clene love me gie.

Ibid. “ Let us paciently abide all this geare.[i. e. jests, scoffs, derision, &c.] Ibid.

“ Noble Princes, your reason do applye “ And yet overcame all this geare, and

“ So prudently to govern them and gye.bare it paciently." Ibid.

Lydgate's Bochas. “And therefore wheo we see all this geare."

Skinner calls it vox nautica, aod I [i. e. worldly cares, frauds, &c.] Ibid.

am told a certain rope is so termed “ This geare is in those places to be seen." by mariners. Ash says, this word is [i.e. Popish eanons, masse, &c.] Ibid. obsolete, and so it is, guide being now

used

!

204

English and French Authors compared. [March, used instead, but whether with any events, which have distinguished the advantage is questiopable. Both are various epochs since that period, have from the French.

certainly borne ample testimony to 23. GLADE.

the truth of the position) that these Most of the instances given by Joho. ' two nations have, both in the cabinet son of the usage of this word, are in and in the field, swayed jointly with direct opposition to the derivation an unusual preponderance the balance (interstilium sylvaticuni), and I beg of power on the great theatre of leave, amongst other reasons for its Europe. Of vast internal resources, being always understood to mean and inhabited respectively by a peo- : (when used) a gloomy glade, a glade ple of active and enterprising genius, obscure, to adduce the following quo- iheir most sagacious statesmen have tation from Erasmus on St. Matthew: perceived the advantage which their “ Though nygbte were at hande, for now situation by nature, joined with their the sun was gone to glade."

other springs of wealth and of power, (To be continued.)

has given them among civilized nations, and employed it accordingly

in usurping occasionally a more than Mr. URBAN, Melksham, Feb. 20.

equal voice in the councils of those N his hours of lucubration, the individual states whose inhabitants, sometimes find amusement in tracing ever obtain the ascendancy among resemblances between writers of dif- mankind. ferent countries, who may at various

This high political influence (which periods have fallen under his votice. indeed the philosopher and the phiHe is apt to fancy that he discovers lanthropist could fain wish had not so in their style and character some frequently been exhibited in the conpoints upon which they mutually as.

tentions of rivalship) is not the ooly similate ; and even, if he should be parallel of similitude which they in mistaken, the inquiry may tend to

common possess. In their scientific elicit some new light in connexion and literary records, the student, upon with their subjects, or illustrate some

a comprehensive survey, will occanew trait in the authors themselves.

sionally be struck with the resemThe bouodaries of general litera. blance which may be elicited between ture are wide ; and although criticism, their eminent men, both in the departin its various shapes, has been multi

meut of Philosophy, and likewise of plied, in almost every age, there still Poetry and the Belles Lettres ; for, exists room for new associations of although the general character and thought, or suggestions of fancy, complexion of their literature in the If the following should appear to have aggregate may materially differ, set any such tendency, or be found worthy the bent of individual genius may a8. of a place in your Miscellany, they similate more than we are at first apt are at the service of yourself and your to imagine. various readers.

E. P

It has been assumed by some theo

rists (although it must be owned that, Some Comparative Remarks upon a however ingenious this alleged menfew of the most eminent Writers tal process may be, it, like many other of our own and a neighbouring hypotheses which are not strictly Country:

formed on experience, savours someOBSERVATIONS on FENELON. what of mere chimera) that, in the However dissimilar in point of na first stage of civilization and the ad. tional character and moral disposition, vancement which a people make in the French, as a people, have exhi- intellectual culture, their genius disbited through a long series of years plays itself in poetry, aod the genesome points of resemblance to the rous, though imperfect, effusions of English, which can hardly fail to ardent imagination. As experience strike the student who glances over confirms the mental powers, and men the respective annals of their poli- gradually ascertain their own strength, tical, domestic, and literary history. History, Criticism, and the other

For upwards of the last three cen. branches of polite erudition, are culturies it has been adınitted by the tivated in their turn, until at last they Historiad, (and the grand political terminate in Pbilosophy, as requiring

the

was

1820.) English and French Authors compared.

205 the highest and most arduous effort of belais, the high poetical services of human industry and perseverance. Matherbe, and the progress which Against this arrangement of the intel- many other French writers, during the lectual sciences, antiquity may cer- early part and middle of the 16th tainly be quoted as an example, as century, it may be said that their auPhilosophy had, in Greece, and like- thors possess in common a general wise in Rome, attained a distinguished similarity with those of England, so proficiency at a time at least coeval far as the feeble attempts of poets and with that in which lilerature and the prose writers in every country conelegant arts had arrived at their cur, in their endeavours to emanciacmé; and the modern eras of France pate to a degree of positive exceland England may be thought, on the lence. But, as we pass on, writers whole, to offer as little which can present themselves in either country, fairly be adduced in its support, as between - whose general merits and indeed they also do (with one or two habitudes of thinking a more than splendid exceptions) to the hypothesis fancied agreement may perhaps be of Goldsmith, who places Philosophy found. in the middle, and Criticism in the The deep views and general talents, last period of the human sciences. as an historian, of Thuanus, may,

The actual existing state of mind, in many respects, be paralleled with as it has developed itself in France those of Raleigh, although the latter and England, bowever, in relation to wrote several years after him, and the ornamental and the abstruser although his genius, if oot more acute, sciences, may be thought, on the other more comprehensive, and his hand, to have appeared irrespective matter of greater dignity and weight, of all or any of these arbitrary classic than the records of political intrigues fications. The growth of genius, like and military operations, which, for a wide and luxuriant field, upcultured the most part, occupied the attention by any hand save that of nature, has, of the former. in its fruits and the malurity of its If, in reading Montaigne, we aro productions, been promiscuous and ir- struck oftentimes with his sagacity regular, often producing fruit con and penetration of mind, whilst we trary to the expectations of calcu are amused with his sprightliness of lating theory.

remark, his force of expression, or Between the carly and infant efforts his eccentricities of genius, similar of genius in our own country and that impressions will frequently accompany of our peighbours, it would not per us when recreating with Burton, whose haps be altogether idle to attempt to Anatomy of Melancholy” may be trace parallels of resemblance ; for, thought to instruct while it amuses, although it may be said that coun: and to convey, on the whole, as high tries, contemporary in their effects an idea of his learning as of his ectowards the expaosion and higher ex centric turn of mind. ercise of the human mind, advance If, in England, the votaries of sci. towards some similitude in their gene. ence feel a native pride in acknowral features, yet more than this gene- ledging a Bacon, and claiming him as ral similitude may often be discerned. a countryman, the French boast a Des If it be true, then, that every pation, Cartes, exalt the sublimity of his gewhich has altained a literary æra, has vius and of his views, and the great. had its great poets, historians, pbilo. ness of his innovations ; and, in acsophers, naturalists, and critics, in complishing the mighty schemes of their respective days, still, in nations reform in the world of Physics, admit differing so much in complexionality the former only to have been a joint of genius and moral dispositions, as jostrument in opening the eyes of the French and English, the assimila- philosophy, and teaching the true tion between individuals of a contem- principles of science. porary age is occaionally striking. If every Englishman of intellectual

Concerning the sprightly wit of habits glories in the transcendent geClement Marot, of Balzac and Voi- nius of a Shakspeare, the man of ture, although these last are some letters in France, by an instinctive riwhat later in date, the obscurity of valship, briogs forward the name of Ronsard, or the comparative merits Corneille to assert the honour of their of Amyot, the ‘licentiousness of Ra name and nation. Although, in pri

name

206

Dr. Booker's Pastoral Address. [March, ority of timo, the former takes the laws, and a steady attachment to precedence of soine years, the latter, " the faith that was once delivered he contends, is his equal in point of unto the saints." The various atsublimity of description, and his su tempts of men wishing violently to perior in purity of language and pro- alter the former and to subvert the priety of conception.

latter, which unhappily wrought so If also in the literary annals of the much mischief elsewhere, were by you former part of the 17th century, a resisted in a manner alike honourable Jeremy Taylor occurs,whose sprightly to your noderstandings and to your wit and lively imagination (no less hearts. Though, like " the pestilence than his piety) have been since cele- that walketh in darkness,” infidelity brated ; à Pascal, who wrote some and disaffection here scattered their years after, may be paralleled both noxious tares, with a diligence deservin the brilliancy and scope of his ge- ing a better cause ; yet so far from nius and his exemplary piety.

taking root in a siogle heart, they ex. The researches of Malbranche after cited only pity towards the wretched metaphysical truth may be said to disseminators, and horror at the dreadhave been rivalled (or eclipsed) by ful precipice down which such emisLoeke, who, with the same temper saries of Satan would plunge the unand zeal of miod, (although his en wary. Your peaceable demeanour at dowments of intellect and of intense your daily employments, and your thinking were probably of a superior added numbers, on the Sabbath, at the order), embarked in the same in- Sanctuary, proved this,-expressively quiries about the same period of time, declaring that you conceived it an ioexamined the same theories, and has dispensible duty to shew in a public left perhaps to posterity a manner who were on God's side, when equally great and respectable in those the mouth of the wicked was opened regions of abstract inquiry which against bim. Yes: during that periinvolve, in so high a degree, vigour lous time when the anarchist, the aud subtlety of thought.

parodist, the deist, aod the atheist, (To be continued.)

seemed leagued in a common confe

deracy pot only against the laws, but Tue VICAR or Duduer'S ANNUAL against God and his Church, to the

PASTORAL ADDRESS, on New Year's laws ye remained inflexibly obedient; DAY, 1820.

and to the Church ye resorted with an A GARN deae Pacios ionerne with GAIN,my dear Parishioners! with increased ardour of affection.

Thus did infidelity and disloyalty, sively enter your dwellings, at a time by their own boldness, upmask their when the mind is generally disposed owo features ; wbich, “ to be hated, to serious thought: and never, surely, need but to be seen." Continue, my was serious thought more requisite in flock ! to abhor them, wbile ye pity all classes, than at the present crisis. and pray for their infatuated votaries, A crisis, when no one, who is desirous observing the strictest vigilance and that the laws of God should continue caution against their devices. Contiinviolate, or that the bonds of civi nue to “ fear God, to bonour the king, lized society should not be broken, and meddle pot with them who are will charge the sacred guardian of a given to change.” In a word, contiparish with exceeding the line of his due in the faith of Christ, grounded duty if be thus publicly exhort those, and settled ; and let nothing move

over whom the Holy Ghost hath you away from the hope of his made him overseer," to holiness and Gospel. (Col. i. 23.) to peace! That such exhortation

To streugthen and confirm that will be received in the same spirit as faith, behold the following high authat io which it is written, I have rea thorities in its favour! opposed to son to presume, my flock, from your which what can infidelity adduce that recent conduct, during those days of is comparable ? blasphemy, disloyalty, and rebuke,

“ There

ever was found, (said the when so many of your deluded coud- great Lord Chancellor Bacon) io any trymen in other parts of the kingdom age of the world, either philosopher, were too prone to “ follow a multi or sect, or law, or discipline, which tude to do evil.” Then did you wisely did so bigbly exalt the public good as maintain a faithful adherence to the the Christian faith."

46 There

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