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154
Review of New Publications.

[Feb. 30. The Exhibition (of 1819] a Poem; The modern TENIERS, maye, and something by a Painter, Svo. pp. 35. Chappell.

more,

[plore. AFTER a long series of desaltory Which they shall find who carefully exstaozas, this Poetical Painter thus WestALL! the splendid one! thy works

delight comes to the point:

The eye untutor'd, and the feeling heart. “ Some names I mention, and with humble

Oh could a verse like mine thy toils re. praise :

quiteSir William Beecuey sometimes I like

Poetic feelings from thy canvas start, much;

The name of Regnagle shall here unite; And the CHALONS; perhaps worthy better

Nor be his son forgotten in his art. days

ARNALD transports us to some pastoral Is Fuseli, with more than magic

scene,

[valleys green touch,

Mountains, and shady groves, and pleasant His works are like his looks, his fancy

And thine is richness, PaiLLIPS ! without strays 'Mid scenes where mortals may not

glare;

Softuess and spirit, nature with her grace. move as such. FLAXMAN! thy name shall be remember'd

And long may TURNER's genius, brilliant,

rare, here,

(this sphere.

Shine forth, oh Freedom, on thy dwelThy marble has a voice-it points beyond

ling place ! And shall the name of HOWARD be forgot?

With him we seem to breathe the ambient No, he embodies visions of the Muse;

air, He fixes spirits to a local spot,

And with new feelings nature's beauties Nor will the feeling heart is praise refuse.

trace. OWEN! thy hand twines fast the friendly Thy name's enough, on Britain's heart imkoot,

prest, And on thy works with pleasure oft I

Hail to thee, President! the honour'd muse;

WEST!” And CALLCOTT's pencil strays where pature dwells,

Sir GEORGE BEAUMONT's a favourite of Each touch is feeling, and its magic tells.

mine,

And yours too if you're a man of taste, Smrke, thou hast character-thine Shakse

Rich and harmonious his pictures shine ; peare's page;

Hilton, this verse shall with thy name Lawrence bas force, and dignity, and

be grac'd. grace.

UNA! how sweetly he did thee define, MULREADY, long thy pencil will engage

Like sonje fair jewel, amid brown rocks The smiles and feelings of the future race.

plac'd; And Martin Archeå Snee, the witty sage,

Dewint, I often like your pictures well, Thy pencil and thy pen well pleased I

And VINCENT's too, for mine and many trace.

they excel. I hope the latter won't fall foul of me; "Twere like a giant hunting a poor fea.

CHANTREY's a worthy name! those children

slept STOTHARD! thy Pilgrimage will fix thy

A lovely sleep in marble. Bone's enaname;

mels I saw it, wonder'd at it, in my youth ;

Are precious things. And what should Worthy of Britain in her noon of fame!

intercept The character of Chaucer's there, in

My mentioning thee, Renton, as the truth.

lay swells; Whether man's vigor, female sweetness,

Rich, classic, vigorous, thy works have claim

crept Thy pow'rful peucil, they appear to

Around and hold my mind in gentle sooth

trammels. Or raise the mind with energy and grace,

Edridge's portraits are rich and powerful, The charms which warm the soul, and ani.

Like some in oil, or gardens when they're mate the face.

flowerful.” Your animals seem living, breathing,

A few other Artists are poticed ; but moving, Painter of varied nature, - powerful

these may suffice. WARD! A pleasant thing it is (from me behoving) 31. A Dictionary of the Peculiarities of To place thy name in this my poor re the Italian Language ; being a Colleccord.

tion of Sentences from the most approved And doubtless many there would be prov Italian Authors, particularizing those ing,

Verbs, Prepositions, &c. which govern If Wilkie pass'd without my best award; different Moods and Cases ; and forming

a Sup

course.

1820.)
Review of Neza Publications.

155 Q Supplement to all other Italian Dic of the Counties of Hereford, Monmouth, tionaries. By M. Saatagņello, Author and Gloucester. 8vo. pp. 16. Glouof a Grammar, and Exercises. large 8vo. cester : published by Desire. pp. 312. Whittaker.

AN elaborate and instructive disAS a proper mode of facilitating the study of the Italian language M. Santagnello's Dictionary (which has our 34. The Duty of exerting our Faculties, as good wishes for its success) is thus the Means of superior Knowledge and introduced, and the plan described:

Power. A Sermon, preached on Trinity

Monday, June 7, 1819, before the Right " The Work which I have now the ho

Hon. the Earl of Liverpool, and the Cornour of submitting to the judgment of the

poration of the Trinity-House, in the Pa. Publick, may be considered as the fruit

rish Church of St. Nicholas, Deptford, of long and successful experience, in re

and published at their Request. By the moving innumerable difficulties that ob

Rev. John Hewlett, B. D. Morning struct the progress of the student, and Preacher at the Foundling Hospital; Chapfor which no remedies are to be found in

lain in Ordinary to his Royal Highness the most elaborate Dictionaries or Gram

the Prince Regent; and Rector of Hilgay, mars. It has not been my intention to

in the County of Norfolk. 8vo. Pp, 24. collect all the various idioms of the Italian

Rivingtons. language, but rather to cull, with brevity and selection, certain idiomatic terms and

AN appropriate, plain, and enermodes of speaking which practice and getic Discourse, from Genesis, i. 26. observation have induced me to consider as the most essential to be inculcated in

35. A Letter to the Right Reverend teaching; to point out the diversified Richard, Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells. shades of meaning, by the confusion

By the Author of " An Essay on Light of which so

many solecisms and bar. Reading, &c.8vo. pp. 23. Gye, at barisms disfigure the composition of the

Bath. learner; to fix the attention upon those A respectful address to the vene niceties of distinction in the use of verbs, rable Prelate, on the excellence of the particles, and prepositions, which so fre. Liturgy; and friendly advice to the quently perplex and darken what is in Clergy, and to their Coogregations. itself extremely simple and perspicuous, when illustrated by analogous examples ; 36. A Friendly Address to the Manufacfinally, to reduce into order and syste turers in those Districts which are now matic arrangement all those precepts and suffering from the Stagnation of Trade. directions, which have been suggested by 8vo. pp. 25. Rivingtons. loug and unwearied endeavours to facili. tate the cultivation of the Italian language title, and cannot be too widely distri

THIS cheap Tract well answers its in a volume calculated to hold, as it were, a medium between a Dictionary and a

buted by the affluent. * Grammar."

37. Edmund and Anna, a simple Ballad, 32. London Medical Intelligencer; or,

with other Poems, By Edward Green, Monthly Analytical Compendium of the

Corresponding Member of the Literary and Medical, Surgical, and Physical Contents

Philosophical Society of Manchester, and of the Transactions of Learned Societies,

Author of Observations on the Drama," the Quarterly and Monthly Journals and

&c. 12mo. pp. 68. Allman. Reviews ; and also a List of New Publi MR. GREEN, after observing that cations; forming a concentrated Record of

" the excess of the sublime itself beMedical Literature. Svo. pp. 16. Bur

comes the ridiculous; still more so, per

haps with the simple ;” “submits the BalTHE title expresses the character lad and the other trifies to the good-natured of this little publication ; of its utili. criticism they stand so much in need of;' ty there can be no doubt; in the and adds, “that, among the very few humexecution of its condensed analytical ble productions he has obtruded on the contents we observe the respectable world, this is the first and only one he bas assistance of no common literary indi.

hitherto offered to it from motives of selfviduals in the Medical Profession.

advantage.

We are glad to see that these mo33. The Antiquity of Free-masonry illus- dest pretensions have been rewarded

trated : a Sermon preached before the by a handsome list of subscribers. Royal Berkeley Lodge, Gloucestershire.

If the Poems are not of the first. By the Rev. T. D. Fosbrooke, M. A. rate excellence, they are at least barF. A. S. Past Provincial Grand Chaplain monious.

gess and Hill.

[ 156 ]

ANTIQUARIAN AND PHILOSOPHICAL RESEARCHES.

CITY OF Pompeur.

“ A part of the antient walls remain on The following is an extract of a letter the North-west corner of the city ;, and on from a young Gentleman who has visited the outside, conformably to pristine custhe ruins of Pompeii, to his friend in Li tom, are the tombs and monuments of verpool :

eminent persons, in as good preservation « This City is situated about a quarter as when first erected ; the inside contains of a mile from the Bay of Naples. We the ashes, in small potters' yessels, fixed entered the ruins through a gate by the in cavities of equal sizes. Pompeii stands road side, into a barrack yard, which ap on a circumference of about three miles, peared to have been a fortress, and was, and retains its original form and situation, no doubt, at one period of time, contiguous with all the squares, forums, temples, to the Mediterranean sea. We were here streets, and houses, as perfect as possible, shewn the original wooden stocks, in which considering the whole has been buried a soldier was found sitting on a stone with under ground nearly 1750 years. The his legs fastened, the unfortunate man workmen are clearing away the rubbish being discovered by the workmen employed with great success. During our visit they to remove away the soil. Several pillars were in a house near to the Temple of of the Corinthian order still remain, form. Isis, where, it was conjectured, a medical ing a dilapidated colonnade, some of which person had resided, as several surgical inare tolerably entire, and rendered parti struments were found in the soil; we also cularly interesting, by having the soldiers' observed some paintings, finely executed, names very legibly engraved thereon, in on the plaster of the walls, emblematical their own hand-writing. We next inspect of such a profession. The labour is coned the two theatres, the stage, orchestra, ducted with the greatest circumspection, and seats, being still discernible, with some every particle of the soil being put into broken particles of the marble pavement. small baskets, and afterwards examined Not far thence is the Temple of Hercules ; in the presence of officers. It was with the altars and the other relics of idolatrous great difficulty I was enabled to bring superstition, as well as a variety of fanci. away a part of the hinge of a door, speful cornices, and other architectural orna cial orders having been given by Ferdiments, still exist in a very wonderful state nand for nothing to be taken away withof preservation; even the original paint out his permission. ings on the walls are to be seen without “ Such is the City of Pompeii; and, the least deterioration. We walked through from the circumstance of the streets being most of the priocipal streets, and into the paved with large square pieces of lava, houses, the floors of which were richly leaves not a doubt' but this beautiful covered with Mosaic and Roman pave. country had long been previously visited ments : over the front doors, carved on by such awful storms; nay, I will venture stone, are all the names of their quondam to carry my presumption still further, by inhabitants, among whom we observed supposing that even under Pompeii anothat of Sallust. It is not by any means ther city might be discovered, if public difficult to discover baths, coffee houses, curiosity and spirit only ventured on the bake-houses, and other shops of trade, research.even the custom-house and other public

Fossil ANIMAL REMAINS. offices. There is a subterraneous wine manufactory on the North side, near the

In making some further excavations city gates, which was examined with great lately in caverns in the vicinity of Breuge, attention : it is very extensive, and con

in the department of Lot, the workmen tains the earthen vessels and bottles where

laid open a depository of bones, some of in the wine had been kept; they were ar

horses ; some of the rhinoceros, of the ranged in the same precise order as pre

same species of which fossil fragments vious to the awful eruption which desolat

have been found in this country, in Gered the city: the interior of this place much

many, and in Siberia ; and others belongresembles cloisters, the roof being arched ing to a species of stag, now a with strong stones. It was in these vaults

descript, with horns pretty much resemwhere the unhappy inhabitants sought re

bling those of a young rein-deer. They fuge from the sudden and overwhelming

were collected, and presented to the Acashower of fire and ashes, whence, alas !

demy of Sciences, at Paris, by M. Cuvier, they never returned. Several bodies have

and are now in the King's cabinet. subsequently been dug out.

We were

Ancient Pavissæ. shewn two or three skulls, in the posses The Giornale Arcadico for July last, sion of the keeper.

contains an account of the discovery of

three

non

mon use.

/

1820.] Antiquarian and Philosophical Researches. 157 three antient favissæ, by the architect Jo- M. Gimbernat, and that externally it has the seph de kosso. The immediate occasion appearance of real flesh covered with skin. of this discovery was the operation of le

RectifICATION OF ALCOHOL. velling and relaying the soil and pave A Correspondent of the Giornale de Fiment around the dome. In this place sica reports an experiment which may be was, antiently, the temple and citadel of applied with advantage to this purpose. Faesulæ. lo front of the temple were It is a well-kuown fact, that water passes three pits, of a pyramidal form, into with facility through bladder, while alcowhich were thrown the remains of the vic

bol is almost perfectly retained by it. If tims which had been consecrated to the a bottle of wine be closed by a piece of gods, and which, consequently, were con bladder, instead of a cork, a portion of sidered as no longer applicable to com the water will be found to have evaporated

The sacred pits were distin and passed off through the membrane, guished by the name of favisse, or flavisse. and the wine left will be found propor. Marcianus says, that there were others' tionally stronger. If a bladder half filled near the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus. with alcohol of the specific gravity of 867, Those of Fiesoli were filled with remaios and having its orifice closed, be exposed of various animals, horns of goats, teeth to the sun, the air, or the heat of a stove, of wolves, &c.; and among these, frag- in a short time the alcobol will be found ments of sacred vases, &c. These fa. rectified to 817 spec. gr. and in this man. vissæ have been explained by Sig. Joseph ner all the water may be evaporated. If del Rosso, who has given a plan of the the same bladder with its contents be then localities; in which also have been dis- exposed to a humid atmosphere, (as in a со ed, at the same time, several antient dan cellar,) it will imbibe ater, and reChristian tombs.

turn to 867 spec. grav. which water may This will, no doubt, interest classical again be separated by hanging it in a dry antiquaries ; and we should like to see place. In one word, the bladder is a filter, the further enquiries on the nature and which suffers water to pass through it, but destination of these pits. So far as recol not alcohol. lection serves at the moment, only re

New THEORY OF THE EARTH. mains of sacrifices offered to the infernal A curious commentary, or rather an atdeities could be thus disposed of. These tack, upon the received system of the plaofferings were attended with peculiar ce. netary motions, has recently been pubremonies; they were also esteemed de

lished, in a small pamphlet, by Captain voted, in the strongest sense of the term. Burney, which is likely to excite the atBut Jupiter Capitolinus was not an in tention of the scientific world, and may fernal deity : and there should seem to be lead to the discovery of very unexpected either some mistake in reference to his

astronomical facts. The author deduces temple; or victims of a peculiar nature the motion of the whole of our system were occasionally offered to this deity :

from the progressive motion of the sun perhaps as deprecating public evils.

itself; a quality which, he says, must be MINERAL ANIMAL Matter.

equally possessed by all the heavenly boSig. Carlo di Gimbernat has discovered dies, resulting from the universally aca peculiar substance in the thermal wa knowledged laws of gravitation. ters of Baden and of Ischia, of which he gues a priori, that from progressive mogives the following description in the Gi tion rotation is produced, and, a posteriori, ornale di Fisica :-" This substance co that a body in free space, having rotation vers, like an integument, many rocks in round its own axis, is a clear indication of the valleys of Senagalla and Negroponte its being in progressive movement. This at the foot of the celebrated Epomeo, be. he corroborates by the general belief now neath which mountain the poets confine entertained that our sun and planets are Typhon. It is remarkrble that in this advancing towards the constellation Her. very place should be found a substance cules. The opinion that the sun has prosimilar to skin and human flesh. One por gressive motion was not entertained till tion of this mountain that was found co long after i:s rotatory motion was discos, vered with this substance, measured 45 vered. Capt. Burney staies his convicfeet in length by 24 in height. It yielded, tion, thiai if, from the discovery of the sun's by distillation, an empyreumatic oil; and, rotation, and the acknowledged universaby boiling, a gelatine, which would have lity of gravity, its progression had been

I obtained the same results inferred, when Kepler first suggested that at Baden. It may therefore be considered the planets inoved round the sun by means as confirmed that an animal principle is of its atmosphere, the system of this phipresent in these thermal springs, which losopher would have obtained immediate being, evaporated becomes condensed in and lasting credit, and that the hypothesis their neighbourhood. To this principle of these bodies being continued in motion the name of “ Zoogene” is given. by an original projectile impulse would not The Editors of the Giorn. Fis. state, that have been resorted to in accounting for they have seen the substance obtained by the phenomena of their motions.

ARTS

He ar

sized paper.

[ 158 )
ARTS AND SCIENCES.

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PRINTED Maps.

engine, which will raise the water to the Mr. Firmin Didot is at present devot- height of sixty feet, at the rate of fifteen ing his attention to the engraving of dies quaris per minute. The machine will for moveable types for printing Maps,

consume no more than the value of one which will, it is affirmed, equal those en

pennyworth of coals in an hour, to raise graved on copper, and which invention nine hundred quarts of water to this height. seems to be exclusively his own. Many

It will cost six hundred fraucs, and will last attempts have already been nade to print

more than a hundred years. No payment maps with moveable types, among which

is required till the engine has been tried, the specimens from the presses of Messrs.

and given satisfaction; till it is fixed, and Haas of Basil, and Periaux of Rouen (who

raises the water from the well to the roof exhibited in the exhibition of Arts this

of the house, which will thus be secured year, a beautiful map of the Department against fire. They offer, for progressive of the Lower Seine) are particularly dis

prices, machines which shall raise double, tinguished; but they do not satisfy the triple, decuple quantities of water, 10 douexpectations of connoisseurs; it is there. ble, triple, decuple heights, (i, e. 120, 180, fore hoped, that Mr. Firmin Didot, by his

or 600 feet) and this in infinite progression. talents and zeal, will succeed in conquer.

The authors bad at first concealed their ing the difficulties which have hitherto op:

names, and this mysterious conduct exposed the complete success of this import.. cited suspicion. They have now made ant branch of typography. - The art of

themselves known. They are Messrs.. printing Maps with moveable types, is ori- Croissen, brothers, both pupils of the Po. ginally a German invention. It is well lytechnic School, and one of them Comknown that one of the earliest printers, maodant of Artillery, whose talents inConrad Sweynheym or Schweinheim, in- spire the greatest confidence. They keep troduced this art into Rome, in company

their discovery a secret, and will not diwith Arnold Pannarz, on the occasion of vulge it till they have raised subscriptions printing the twenty-seven maps for the

for twenty thousand inches of water, accosinography of Ptolemy. He died be cording to their way of calculating. fore the work was quite finished, and it

ROLLER PUMP. was therefore executed by another Ger A roller-pump on man, Arnold Buckinck (Bucking) at Rome, ciple, for which a patent has been obtain

an inaproved prinin October 1478. The practice was con

ed, has for some time past been erected tinued for some time in the 16th century,

at Worcester, for the purpose, we believe, .but afterwards abandoned, probably be

of raising water from the Severn into the
cause it was too difficult and tedious, till large basin of the Worcester canal. It
the second half of the 18th century, when will throw up nine hundred gallons in a
two Germans, almost at the same time, and minute.
without knowing any thing of each other,

SUBSTITUTE POR Corfee.
renewed the attempt. The first who pub-
Jished a specimen was Augustus Gottlieb,

Dr. Maex, a German physician of some a Prussian, deacon at Carlsrube, and who eminence, ascribes great medical virtues corresponded with the celebrated printer to an infusion of acorns used in the same William Haas, of Basil, that he might cut

manner as coffee. In 1793 be published types for him on a certain plan, to be used some experiments on this subject, and in map-printing. His first attempt was gave the following directions for preparing made in 1776. It anticipated Breitkopff and using the acorns :- Take sound and in the publication and execution of his ripe acorns, peel off the shell or husk, di. ideas, and was called typometry. In the

vide the kernels, dry them gradually, and same year, however, appeared the Envi

then roast them in a close vessel or roaster, rons of Leipsig, by Breitkopff

, as a speci. keeping them constantly stirring; in doing men ; and his second attempt, in 1777,

which especial care must be taken that in which, and also in succeeding essays

they be vot burnt or over-roasted, either which were not made public, he constantly

of which would be hurtful. The Doctor endearoured to improve his invention.

recommends half an ounce of these roasted Mr. Didot will now probably find some acorns, ground and prepared like coffee, method to facilitate the very troublesome to be taken morning and evening, either process.

alone or mixed with coffee and sweetened

with sugar, either with or without milk. New SteaM 'ENGINE.

The author says that acoros have always The prospectus of a new machine has been esteemed a wbolesome nutriment for been circulated at Paris, which, if we men, and that by their medical qualities may believe the authors, will overturn all they bave been found to cure slimy ob. our present system of hydraulics. They structions in the viscera, and to remove engage to supply a small portable steam nervous complaints.

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