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Review of New Publications.

[Feb. with historical and biographical Raglan, or Ragland Castle, is greatly facts.

distioguished in history, as the former digIn presenting this “ Picture of Eng. nified residence of the noble family of land," the Author divides his subject been of a less antient character than any

Somerset. This fortress appears to have into Counties, alphabetically arranged; similar structure in Monmouthshire, the and the notice of topographical par. principal parts not being older than the ticulars is introduced by general re

time of Henry the Fifth, wbilst consideramarks on the extent, the natural cha.

ble additions were made so lately as the racter, and the produce of each dis reign of Charles the First. From the trict. To describing the various con character of the buildings, Raglan must spicuous buildings, whether ecclesias- be viewed as a fortified house, of a detical, military, or domestic, Mr. scription unusually strong, rather than as Brewer has adopted a practice which a regular castle. forms a novel feature in works so “ This curious pile is an object of peconcise yet comprehensive, and which culiar veneration, on account of the galpromises to be at once instructive Jantry with which it was defended against and pleasing—that of particularizing

the Parliament army in the seventeenth the architectural style of each struc

century, by Henry, the fifth Earl and ture. The informatioo and critical Marquis, then much advanced in years,

first Marquis of Worcester. The noble remarks afforded on this head cannot

had the honour of frequently entertaining fail of being bigbly advantageous to in this castellated abode bis ill-fated So. all readers desirous of forming cor- vereign, during the first years of the civil rect notions respecting the topo

England did not possess a more graphy and antiquities of a country discreet or faithful subject ; and it is conso abundant in venerable and curious fidently said, that if the King had been architecture. We are glad to find ruled by the counsels of this aged poblethat a Tbird Volume is preparing, in

man, he might have preserved both crown tended to contain an account of N.

and life.

“ It was immediately after the depar. and S. Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. As a book of instruction, this Work

ture of King Charles from Raglan, in the

summer of 1646, that the Castle was in-. appears likely to find its way speedily

vested by the Parliamentarian forces under to the upper classes of students. It

Sir Thomas Fairfax. The resistance was is, however, calculated for more ge- obstinate, and was continued during the neral circulation; and we readily long term of ten weeks; at which time agree with the Author, that it “pre- the powder of the defendants was reduced sents such a selection of prominent to the last barrel. The Marquis then and curious objects, as may guide the surrendered on honourable terms; himTourist in his excursions, and direct

self (more than fourscore years of age) his notice to places most wortby of marching forth at the head of the garri

sou, with all the honours of war.. inspection tbroughout the whole of England."

“ It is lamentable to state that the grey Prefixed to the descriptive part is hairs of this loyal and noble veteran afa very useful Essay on the “ History puritanical and ambitious judges. He

forded no argument in his favour with and Antiquities of England, as con

was placed in confinement by the Parlia. nected with the Description of parti- ment; and, in the decrepitude of his cular Places.” The brief but satis- lengthened years, speedily sunk to deaih factory notices contained in these in on the pillow of imprisonment. Nearly troductory pages, respecting the rise his last words partook of that playful spiand progress of the different modes rii of good-humour which had characof architecture observable in antient terized his whole course. When informed edifices, cannot fail of proving greatly 'that his conquerors, however harsh, would beneficial to the student in Topo- permit him to be buried in his familygraphy, and must act as a desirable vault, at Windsor, he exclaimed, 'Why, manual of recollection to the inqui- better castle when I am dead, than they

God bless us all! then I shall have a sitive Traveller.

took from me whilst i was alive!' The numerous prints are in general

“ After its subjugation, the Castle of neatly executed, and the subjects are

Raglan was dismantled by order of ihe well chosen.

Parliament; and the tenants of the estate We present, without selection, the in succeeding years, removed large quatfollowing specimen of the polished cities of the stone, and other materials, and agreeable style in which this for the use of their dwellings and farmWork is written :

offices. Such injarious privileges are


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145 now forbidden by the Duke of Beaufort, “When the clause was read in the Com, to whom the property belongs; and the mittee, Mr. Sheridan objected to it, as remains are likely to meet the view of a being intended to sacrifice the interests of distant posterity. The ruins are situated the poor newsmen to those of the printers; on a slight eminence, about one mile from but upon the tax itself he was much more the village of Raglan; and include a large severe, considering it in the light of a portion of the citadel, or strongest part measure purposely hostile to the freedom of the building, the walls of which are ten of the press. With regard to the addi. feet in thickness. The grand entrance, tional duty on advertisements, it would together with several towers, and the traces prove rather a loss than an advantage to of many noble apartments, are also pre the revenue, by occasioning a reduction served for the gratification of such visitors in the numbers, particularly in the staple as derive pleasure from the examination articles furnished by auctioneers and of relics, connected with important events booksellers, This prediction, like most of history."

other random assertions of the conjectural,

things thrown out in the heat of debate, 21. Chess rendered familiar by Tabular

has been amply refuted by the increase of Demonstrations of the various positions ditions of laxation."

newspapers, notwithstanding repeated adand movements as described by Philidor ; with many other critical situations and In the year 1792, Mr. Sheridan had moves ; and a concise Introduction to the the misfortune to lose his amiable and Game. By J. Ĝ. Pohlman. With a accomplished wife. The only recorded Frontispiece. 8vo. pp. 449. Baldwin tribute of respect paid to her memory, : and Co.

consisted of the following expressive IN a neat and elegant volume Phi- eulogium, by an eminent Physician: lidor's systein of Chess is, by the

“ In Obitúm aid of tabular demonstrations, very

Dom. Eliz. Sheridan ;' ingeniously, and (we think) happily Forma, voce, atque ingenio attempted to be reduced to an easy inter ornatas ornatissimæ; practical mode of acquiring what is ab illå imo amores ita suspiret amicus ! generally found to demand elaborate Eheu! Eheu! lugeant Mortales ! study.

Eja verò gaudeat Coelestis,

dulcis ad amplexus, “Objections to this mode of obtain

Socians jam Citharæ melos, ing a competent knowledge of Chess

Redit pergrala, will be found considerably obviated

en iterum soror : by the plan now presented to the

Suaviusque nit manet Publick; that is, by bringing into view,

Hosannis." by progressive representations of the

The history of Mr. Sheridan is so Game, the instructions of Philidor

connected with that of the times in bimself. Thus, that which the learner

wbich he lived, as to render some acwould have to find or 'to make

count of public affairs essentially geout from those instructions, at the

cessary to the illustration of his cha. expence of much timne, pains, aod per

racter and conduct. We therefore find haps ap aching head, is already done

the narrative blended with a detail of to his eye-it may be said, to his

the principal events of the French band."

Revolution, during which period

Mr. Sheridan tvok an active part in 22. Dr. Watkins's Life of the Right Hon. the discussion of the various mea

Richard Briusley Sheridan, (continued sures brought forward by Mr. Pitt, from p. 53.)

to stem the torrent of that spirit of THE early part of the second volume insubordination which resulted from opens with an account of the share that aweful event; but our limits that Mr. Sheridan took in the Regency merely allow us to glance at that business, which appears to be related period of Mr. Sheridan's political life. with candour and impartiality.

la the year 1795, Mr. Sheridan mar. One of the figancial measures of ried Mrs. Hester Ogle, daughter of Mr. Pitt, at that period, was the im the Dean of Winchester. position of an additional duty on news. His' cooduct during the Muting at papers, accompanied by a clause re- Portsmouth ought never to be forstricting the venders of these publica gotten; it called forth the praises of tions from lending them out to hire. all parties, both Whigs and Tories; and Gent. Mag. February, 1820.

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Review of New Publications.

[Feb. was one of the chief means of bring- significant of that penitential frame of ing the deluded seamen to a sense of mind which becomes every humau spirit their duty:

in its passage out of time into eternity. When his Majesty was shot at by After this he seemed to possess much in. Hatfield at Drury-lane theatre, Mr. ternal tranquillity, until life ebbed gra. Sheridan took a very active part in dually away, and he departed without any the whole of the enquiry, and, in his apparent struggle or agony, in the arms

of his affectionate consort, on Sunday, at apxiety to discover whether any thing

noon, July 7, 1816, in the sixty-fifth year like a conspiracy existed, evinced the of his age.” greatest affection for their Majesties and the whole Royal family.

It will be readily perceived by our In the year 1809, the inhabitants extracts that this work is written with of the Metropolis, and of the countries ability and a thorough knowledge of many miles round, were thrown into the subject; but how far it will satisgreat alarm by a tremendous confla- fy the political friends of the late Mr. gration, which broke out suddenly, in Sheridan, we will not attempt to deDrury-lane theatre, about 11 o'clock termine. at nigbt, on the 24th of February.

A good index is wanting, and if

the dates had been placed conspicu“ Mr. Sheridan was then in the House of Commons, when some of the Members ously in the margin, they would have immediately, out of respect to him, pro- greatly assisted the historical student. posed an adjourument; but though he was evidently much affected, he said in a


Poems descriptive of Rural Life and low tone of voice, that he did not think Scenery. By John Clare, a Northampthe misfortune, however heavy it might

tonshire Peasant. 12mo. Pp. 222. Taybe to himself, was of so much consequence

lor and Hessey. that the proceedings of the Legislature (Chiefly from the New Times.) should be thereby suspended. His only THE efforts of the uncultivated consolation, he said, was in witnessing the mind-the outpourings of geoius unattachment of his friends, and in the reAlection that, as far as he had beeu able imbued with scholastic lore, must ever

moulded by scholastic system and unto ascertain, no lives were lost.” The last Chapter details the fol- ture, and the observer of buman pa

be interesting to the lover of litera. lowing melancholy particulars: Death ture. Few men whose reading has of Mr. Sheridan-particulars of bis been extensive, and whose taste has funeral-account of bis family--poe- been refined by an acquaintance with tical tribules to his memory - Re- the classical productions of anlient view of his Character. Of his private and of modern times, venture to lay character, his Biographer observes, before the world their real meditathat

tions. They dare nol speak as they “ He always lived and acted without any ruminate, unless supported by the regular system for the government of his consciousness of powerful gepius. conduct; the consequence of which was, They become readers and critics, but as might have been expected, that he be- seldom soar into the regions of poetry, came the sport of capricious friendship, where such alarming competition and when the winter of his days approach.

awaits them. We have seldom an ed, he experienced the mutability of political connexions, and the folly of neglect opportunity of learning the uomixed ing those resources which alone can sup- and yoadulterated impression of the port the mind in every exigency, and mi. loveliness of nature on a man of vivid nister to its comfort in the dreariness of so- perception and strong feeling, equally litude. Continual straits was the result of upacquainted with the arts and resuch a course of life, and the effects of

serve of the world, and with the it upon his constitution, which bad been riches, rules, and prejudices of litenaturally a very robust one, soon appear. rature. Such a man is Clare. In ed in his countenance and manners. Some

moments soatched from the labour days before bis death, the Bishop of Lon by which be earned a scanty subsistdon, who is a near relation of Mrs. She. rid an, desired Dr. Baine to ask if it would ence, with no other writing apparatus be agreeable to bis patient to have prayers

than bis hat, a scrap of paper, and a offered up at bis bedside, to which Mr. pencil, he eagerly endeavoured to ex

Sheridan assented, and appeared to press the thougbts which crowded join with humility and aspiration, clasp- upon bis mind, or to describe the obing his hands, and lifting up bis eyes, jects around him which delightedhis


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147 fancy. How difficult a task this must than ever. He is now a helpless cripple, have been to an uptaught peasant, and a pauper, receiving an allowance of ignorant even of grammar, will be 5s. per week from the parish. conceived by every one who has a

" John Clare has always lived with his

parents at Helpstone, except for those spark of poetic feeling. There is

short periods when the distance to which scarcely a man breathing, however

he was obliged to go for work prevented education may have assisted him, who

his return every evening. At his own has not at times found how inadequate home, therefore, he saw poverty in all its words are to the expression of the most affecting shapes, and when he speaks workings of an active imagination, of it, as in the address to Plenty, p. 48, how far passion expressed falls Oh, sad sons of Poverty! short of passion felt. Clare himself Victims doom'd to misery; complains of the painful consciousness Who can paint wbat pain presails of bis inability to utter

O'er that heart which want assails? “ The bursts of thought with which bis

Modest shame the pain conceals : soul's perplexed.”

No one knows but he who feels.'Tbis poverty of his vocabulary ob

“ And again liged him frequently to coin words "Toiling in the naked fields, aod to use provincialisms. In some Where no bush a shelter yields, instances he is fortunate: those in Needy Labour dithering stands, which he is not so, we are willing to Beats and blows his numbing bands; pass over without particular censure ;

Aud upon the crumping spows ihere is little danger of his being

Stamps, in vain, to warm his toes' quoted as an authority for alterations he utters no idly.feign'd poetic pains:'

Many expressions it is a picture of what he has constantly which are considered vulgar and pro

witnessed and felt. One of our poets has viocial, are forcible and not unpoeti.

gained great credit by 'bis exterior delinecal: but in making the selection of

ations of what the poor man suffers ; but those which may be adopted, much

in the reality of wretchedness, when the

iron enters into the soul,' there is a tone care and discrimination should be ex.

which cannot be imitaled. Clare has here ercised.

an unhappy advantage over other poets, The Poems are preceded by an In The

serable of them were not altroduction, containiog the particu ways wretched. Penury and disease were lars of the life of Clare, which we not constantly at their heels, nor was pau. subjoin, and some remarks on his perisin their only prospect. But he has productions. It is written in an un. no other, for the lot which has befallen his affected style, and the friend of the father may, with too much reason, be humble poet bas bad the good taste

looked forward to as his own portion. In to abstain from that extravagance of

the simple annals of the poor' want oc

cupies a part of every page, except, pero panegyrick which usually disfigures

haps, the last, where the scene changes prefaces on similar subjects.

to the workhouse ; and then the burthen “ John Clare, the Author of this, volume, which is taken from the body is laid upon was born at Helpstone, near Peterborough,

the spirit: at least it would be so with Northamptonshire, on the 13th of July,

Clare; for though the contemplation of 1793. He is the only son of Parker and

parochial relief may administer to some Ann Clare, who are also natives of the

minds a thankless, hopeless sort of consosame village, where they have always re

lation, under the pressure of extreme dissided in extreme poverty ; nor are they tress, yet to the writer of the following aware that any of their ancestors have lines it must be the highest aggravation of been in better circumstances. Parker affliction :Clare is a farmer's labourer, and latterly Oh, may I die, before I'm doom'd to he was employed in threshing; but vio

seek lent colds brought on the rheumatism to

That last resource of bope, but ill supsuch a degree, that he was at length un

plied ; able to work, or even to move without as.

To claim the humble pittance once a week, sistance. By the kind liberality of Lord

Which justice forces from disdainful Milton he was then sent to the Sea-bathing

pride !' p. 78. Infirmary at Scarborough, where he found great relief; but returning home part of " While such was the destitute condithe way on foot, from a desire to save ex tion of his parents, it may seem extraorpenses, his exertions and exposure to the dinary that Clare should bave found the weather brought on the pain again, and meaus to acquire any learning whatever ; reduced him to a more deplorable state but by extra work as a plough-boy, and



Review of New Publications.

(Feb. by helping his father morning and even little to be remèrbered as that which has ing at threshing, he earned the money just been mentioned, had it not been for which paid for his education. From the the kindness of Mr. John Turnill, late of labour of eight weeks he generally acquired Helpstone, now in the Excise, who was as many pence as would pay for a month's indeed a benefactor to him. From his inschooling; and thus in the course of three struction Clare, though he knew a little of years he received, at different times, so the rudimguts before, learnt writing and much instruction that he could read very arithmetic; and to this friend he must well in the Bible, He considers himself therefore consider himself indebted, for to have derived much benefit from the ju whatever good may accrue to him from dicious encouragement of his schoolmas the exercise of those powers of mind with ter, Mr. Seaton, of Glinton, an adjoining which he is naturally endowed. For it is parish, from whom he sometimes obtained very probable, that without the means of 3d. a-week in rewards, and who once gave recording his productions on paper, Clare ; him 6d. for repeating from memory the would not only have lost the advantage be third chapter of Job. With these little may derive from the publication of his sums he bought a few books.

works, but that also in himself he would " When he had learned to read toler. not have been the poet he is; that, withably well, he borrowed from one of his out writing down his thoughts, he could companions that universal favourite, Ro not have evolved them from his own mind; binson Crusoe, and in the perusal of this and that his vocabulary would have been he greatly increased his stock of know too scaniy to express even what his ima. ledge and his desire for reading. He was gination bad strength enough to conceive. thirteen years of age when another boy Besides, if he did succeed in partial in. showed him Thomson's Seasons. They stances, the aggregate amount of them were out in the fields together, and during could not have been collected and estithe day Clare had a good opportunity of mated.” looking at the book. It called forth all the passion of his soul for poetry. He was

The last notice of Clare informs us, determined to possess the work himself ; that he was living with his parents, and as soon as he had saved a shilling to working for any one who would embuy it with, he set off for Stamford at so

ploy him, without any regular occuearly an hour, that none of the shops

pation. A singular accident led to were opeo when he got there.

It was a

the publication of the Poems:~ fine spring morning, and when he had made his purchase, and was returning "In December, 1818, Mr. Edward Drury, through the beautiful scenery of Burghley bookseller, of Stamford, met with the Son. Park, he composed his first piece of poetry, net to the Setting Sun, written on a piece which he called, "The Morning Walk.' 'of paper in which a letter had been wrapThis was soon followed by The Evening ped up, and signed J. C. Having ascerWalk,' and some other little pieces. tained the name and residence of the wri

“But the first expression of his fondness ter, he went to Helpstone, where he saw for poetry was before he had learned to

some ailer poems, with wbich he was much read. He was tired one day with looking pleased. 'Al his request Clare made a at the pictures in a volume of poems, collection of the pieces he had written, which he thinks were Pomfret's, when his and added some others to them. They father read him one piece in the book to were sent 10 London, and the publishers amuse him. The delight he felt, at hear selected those which forin the present voing this read, still warms him when he lume. They have been printed with the thinks of the circumstance; but though usual corrections ovly of orthography he distinctly recollects the vivid pleasure and grammar; in such instances as alwhich thrilled through him then, be has lowed of its being done without changing lost all trace of the incidents as well of the

the words: the proofs were then revised language, nor can he find any poem of by Clare, and a few alterations were made Pomfret's at all answering the faint con at his desire." ception he retains of it. It is possible that his chief gratification was in the harmony The subjvioed is an extract from a of the numbers, and that he had thoughts little Poem, on Helpstope, which wa's of his own floating onward with the verse written before the Author was sevenvery different from those which the same

teen years of age. There is a graniwor would now suggest. The various matical error, which will pot escape melody of the earliest of bis own compo the Reader's observation. sitions is some argument in favour of this opinion.

“ Hail, bumble Helpstone! where thy His love of poetry, however, would valleys spread, soon have spent itself in compositions as And thy mean village lifts its lowly head;


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