124 On the proper Regulation of the Thoughts. (Feb. success attend their labours, a state- dered as the first avenue to action) to ment of the names of such exotics, entertain the contemplation of some (through your interesting publication) licentious and forbidden pleasure ; would be highly gratifying to the ambitious man to eogage in some Yours, &c.

H.S. N. scheme for the attainment of worldly

greatness ; the avaricious one in some Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 20. plan of exorbilant gain; the envious T is an old saying that thought is

in somé unlawful endeavour to suptiment is the observation of the poet licious and revengeful, in some pur. Milton, in the passage subjoined: pose of hostility to the subject of his “ Evil into the mind of God or man

displeasure. May come and go, so unapprov'd, and Shakspeare, that exquisite master No spot or blame behind.” [leave

of the science of human nature, in the Paradise Lost, Book V. Lines able delineation he has afforded us of

117, 118, 119. the workings of guilty ambition, has Admitting the maxim, so far as re greatly heightened the effect of his lates to man, (for as far as it relates to noblest drama, by exhibiting in the the sovereign mind, it is not strictly character of Banquo the feelings of a correct, and appears somewhat dero- well-principled mind: while Macbeth, gatory from the idea of the divine the guilty hero of his piece, according perfection); admitting it, then, with to the confession put into his mouth this limitation, some allowance may by the poet, yields be made for the assertion. Yet is

" to that suggestion, there probably no part in the whole “Whose horrid image should unfix his hair,

" And inake his seated heart knock at his system of practical and moral duty of higher importance than the proper

Against the use of nature.' [ribs regulation of the thoughts. In this, While Lady Macbeth, too, is repre. perhaps we 'may truly say, coosists a sented as invoking “ all the murderinain branch of self-government.

ous Ministers that wait op Nature's Thoughts inay indeed be generally mischief, to unsex her, and fill her considered as the master-springs of from the crown to the toe, top full of human action. No one who has paid direst cruelty, &c. to enable her to due attention to the operation of the execute ber lawless scheme of vio. mental faculties, can fail to have ob. lence, how forcible is the impression served the tendency of the human made on the mind of the reader or mind to expatiate on the wings of spectator, in favour of the amiable imagination, in a maoner independent character above referred to, who is on external circumstances. Many a

exhibited to us, as resolved “ to lose" thought, which, at its first rise, wears no honour in seeking to augment it, the

appearance of a slight suggestion, but still to“ keep his” bqsom frana depends for its confirmation on the chis'd, and allegiance clear! And bow reception it meets with at the moment highly is the portrait finished, by our of its origin. The question may

Author's exhibition of him, when be fairly said to turn on the single about to relire to rest, as offering up point of assent or dissent, of indul, the pious ejaculation, gence or dismissal, whether it shall

• Merciful Powers ! assume the more decided character of “ Restrain in me the cursed thoughts, which a principle of conduct, and thereby

“+ Gives way to in repose." (Nature produce that course of action, to Thus, we find him pot trusting in wards which it is calculated to excite his owo strength, but seeking help our inclination.

from above, to assist him in the go. Here it is to be lamented, that the veroment of his mind. inflpential tendency of every such Oo the same principle that, as Chris. mental suggestion, if it be of an evil tians, we are taught to deprecate evil nature, is often not a little strengthsuggestions, we should make it the ened by its assailing us in some point object of our supplication to the great already weakened by our predominant Father of Spirits, from whom cometh disposition, confirmed as that often every good and perfect gift, that he is by the force of habitual indulgence. may inspire us with the contrary disThus, the voluptuary is led (without positions, and make us ready to every guarding what may be justly consi- good work.


1820.] Regulation of the Thoughts. On Missions. 125

lo that excellent devotional com- render the present state of his existposition, well known by the name of eoce, what Reason and Revelation the Evening Hymn (see Spectator, conspire to point out, as that which vol. viii.), we find both these senti- its beneficent Author designed it to ments admirably expressed, in the be, viz. a preparation for another petition,

and a better, where all which is here 1. When in the night I sleepless lie, imperfect, shall be for ever done "! My soul with heavenly thoughts supply;


Mason CHAMBERLIN. " L-t ooill dreams disturb my rest, “ No powers of darkness, me molest,” &c. Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 4. , wish to acquire the truest freedom of THis great extent of religious

Missions from this country well action, should learn to govern his deserves attention by every friend lo thoughts, for which purpose nothing the universal spread of the Gospel. appears better suited than, in the first They are conducted by persons well place, to become as far as possible selected for this important purpose, acquainted with his own prevailing by the ancient Societies for propadisposition of mind; perhaps no better gating the Gospel in Foreign Parts, plan can be suggested for the adoption for promoting Christian Knowledge; of any person whose situation and by the Church Missionary Society, circumstances afford him opportunity by the Wesleyan Methodists, by the to put it in practice, than that of fre- United Brethren, by the Moravians, quently committing them to paper, in by the Baptists, by the Calvinists, and seasons of retirement and leisure, and, by the Independents; these all rank after proper intervals, reading them. under the denomination of ProtestThose which, on an attentive re ants, both of the Church of England perusal, conducted with a due refer- and also of Dissenters: but the union rence to the sound priociples of pa in this cause is proved by their effects. tural and revealed religion, he finds The Church of Rome also sends forth no reason to reject or disavow, let her servants for the same ends of him relain and cherish, erasing any conversion, although they take perwhich he then perceives will not stand haps a different mode to produce it. the full test of such further scrutiny. I believe there is no part of the ciLet him in the repeated exercise of vilized globe where the Missionaries this species of examination, be careful are not well received, except in the not to spare what he bas thus set Turkish dominions. The accession down, out of any regard to its having to these measures by the sanction and been originally his own.

This occa aid of the Emperor of all the Russias, sional exercise of those nobler powers has carried the communications of of his nature, reason and conscieoce, glad tidings to the deserts of Siberia. will then have a growing tendency to The secluded empire of Chioa and promote every good inclination, to Tartary has at length been induced pre-occupy the mind with pure and to permit the printing and circulaupright principles, to correct any ha- tion of the Scriptures and of religious bits or propensities which stand op. Tracts into their interior country, posed to virtuous practice, to remove where, within 15 years since, the ibe obnoxious shades of self-love, to Chinese printers and teachers were subdue the swellings of pride, to si. punished with wearing the great lence the suggestions of euvy, to resist cangue and banishment for life. The the baneful influence of vanity, and establishment of an English Bishop at dispel the luring visions of ambition. Calcutta has greatly served this cause, The clouds excited by prejudice and and given personal encouragement to passion will gradually vanish before the efforts of the officers of the Brithe pure light of just reflection; and tish and Company's army, who have truth, like the morning sun, beaming accompanied all their conquests with with genuine lustre on bis-soul, will religious instruction ;-the prejudice direct bim to the habitual “ choice of of Caste has been broken,-infanticide that which is good, and to the refusal has been almost abolished,-human of that which is evil.” So may he sacrifice has been anoulled,—and the learn to " keep his heart with all dili- idol destructions of the Jughurnaut, gence,” remembering that “ out of it and the voluntary deaths of the folare the issues of life.". So may be lowers of a chieftaio, have been re

called ; ,

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Effects of Religious Missions.

[Feb. called ; and in some places, the to the philosopher as well as the strongest efforts have been applied to peasant : the consolations of the Gosabolish the self-sacrifice of a surviving pel of Peace have planted hope in wife on the funeral pile of her de- the despairing heart-have shut the ceased husband! In Asia, in Africa, door against the murmurs of Infi. and in America,-in the islands of the delity, -and have given the soothing great Atlantic, idolatry has been at- balm of resignation to adversity! It tacked by these Messengers of Peace, has become “the seat of Light and who have succeeded in casting down Peace, and Christian Union.” her altars stained with the blood of Surely we may hope, with humble her victims,, and raising upon their confidence, that the hand of Divine ruins the pure devotion of Jesus of Providence is with us in these united Nazareth. Wherever we turn our endeavours to extend the blessings of eyes over these records of truth, a peace to all parts of the world, predivine though unseen hand has con paring the human mind for the great ducted and protected its servants, and events which are daily nearer apled them to persevere through the proaching, when mankind will see sharpest personal difficulties, through their happiest and best interests, and fatigue, through danger, through know that their universal happiness, want of supplies and accommodation, even in this life, is, and ever has been, through opposition and insult on the the beneficent dispensation of their one hand, and persecution on the God and Saviour ! other, until they have established the A circumstance every where occurs true faith throughout the remotest in the correspondences, which maniregions, and under the most barren fests a general union of mind to reand unfruitful auspices ! and where ceive all the instruction thus offered ; human efforts alone must have been for in every place the people are abortive! I am persuaded that these stated to apply with eagerness for hints are sufficient to induce your copies, and with great solicitude to Readers to turn to some of the pa. hear the addresses of the Missionaries. pers to which I have alluded, where God has thus opened the hearts of they will rejoice in the active mea the most obdurate, and encouraged sures for the spread of the word of them to listen to the Sacred Word of truth.

life. What may not be effectually As these measures are intimately done, when accompanied with power connected with the established and from on high! Personal and pecu. tolerated Religion of the united king- níary difficulties, not common to dom, a plan has been suggested for other undertakings, have been felt forming a general meeting upon the and overcome in these ; ardour and subject, on some particular day in alacrity have sprung forward to effect the year, to implore the Divine aid their divine instrumentality, wholly and sanction to these efforts. To devoid of self-interest, and Tree from these laudable efforts it must be re all worldly fame. All persuasions aud marked that the greater part, if not sects, lay and ecçlesiastical, Jew, all, of the Societies above mentioned, Christian, Catholick*, and Prolesieither on their own account, or in ant, have all united in this glorious connection with the British and Fo.

the stern Deist and the reign Bible Society, have distributed Christian believer will not long be inntense numbers of copies in 126 suffered to remain apart; and the different languages and dialects, of Atheist, if there be such, or the 11the Holy Scriptures. So that where, fidel of every degree, will soon be ever the Missionary has journeyed, led to acknowledge the light that the Sacred Word is his leading com irradiates the joy of forgiveness upon pavion, and which has given him a his heart! Thus shall be rejoice support among both Jews and Gentiles with joy unspeakable to view the dayin all parts of the world ;-they have thus together civilized the savage,

* When it is considered that from Conand subdued the morose and selfish,

stance alone, 30,000 Catholic New Testamodulated the brutish, and taught ments bave been issued, some judgment the ignorant ; they bave amelio,

may be formed of the extent to which the rated the social. adorned the po- general distribution has been carried. Jished, and shown the way of Truth Bib. Soc. Rep.

cause ;

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1820.] Efects of Religious Missions. ---Lucky Hits. 127 spring from on high, wbich in its through the ignorance of the vender, benigo visitation will finally secure a poor illiterate widow, in the Isle of every soul of man, as in one fold Wight. The book is at least worth under one shepherd !

701." I cannot conclude these brief ob All the world knows the bright servations without sending you the maneuvres by 'which the Duke of following extract from a Letter of Marlborough's famed Boccaccio came W. B. Martin, Esq. late resident at into the Earl Spencer's library at Amboyna, to whose care was con less than half price, astantibus, arrifided the distribution of 3000 Malay dentibus, ac annuentibus primoribus Testaments, for which he had select- Bibliomaniacorum. (See Gent. Mag. ed a certain number of individuals - Jude, 1819, pp.501.503.556.) Not to

6. This intention I was afterwards com weary you with repetitions of similar pelled to relinquish ; as I found it impos- instances, however, let ove very recent sible to confine the distribution wiibin the case of good luck for this time soffice. parrow limits which a rigorous adherence On Thursday, 20th January, 1820, to it would have preseribed; for so great Mr. William Boone, a spirited young was the eagerness pervading the coinmu bookseller, resident in the Strane, nity to reap the benefit of a liberality London, bought for only six shillings, which they had not before experienced,

at a public sale by Mr. Robert Saunand of which they would not expect soon ders, the noted auctioneer of Fleet. to witness the recurrence, that on the day, street, Lot 242, GEYLERI Navicula appointed for the distribution, instead of FATUORUM, ARGENT. 1510. which is the comparatively small and select number of individuals designated by the lists, the first edition of a book remarkthe church was crowded by a multitude of ably curious and scarce. people of both sexes, and of all ages, im N. B. Of this singularly pious work ploring, with an earnestness of supplica. [far more rare than the supposed first tion which could not be resisted, the un edition of Brant's STULTIFERA Navis, reserved communication to them all, of or even than Barclay's para phrase an advantage which all appreciated, and called Tue SHIP OF Fooles] a neat all had been prepared, and were qualified copy was knocked down by Mr. Evans, to enjoy *.”

at his sale of a library belonging to As the demand for the Holy Scrip- the late Mr. Edwards of Harrow, for' lures every where increases, so we the truly moderate sum of forty-three may be allowed, in an enlarged pro- pounds. portion, to encourage the hopes Books are two-edged tools, Mr. above expressed, and “ may infer, Urban. A true Bibliomaniac well from this general avidity to possess knows how to show off all tieklish them, that the Gospel has begun to commodities with fascinatiog terms of make its way, as, it doubtless will art: and in a dainty · Lincolne Noseever spread. Where a fair effort is gay' can touch up his own snug made to remove the obstructions of purchases slily to some golden tune. ignorance and incapacity, a free-Still, the whole tribe of bookcourse is left to the blessed influence

have Scriptural evidence and operation of Divine Truth.” tbat their iugenious devices are of Yours, &c.

A. H.

very antient date indeed. -"Pessi.

mum est, ait emptor ; sed quum diMr. URBAN, Chelsea, Feb. 3.

gressus fuerit, tum se ipsum lnudut." ii. page 619, you inform your saith the buyer : but when he is gone Readers of an egregious bite, without his way, then he boasteth.” Prov. making any comment, save and ex xx.14. Your shrewd Correspondent, cept your sarcasm on the old goody T. M. in p. 40, of your Magazine for who parted with a mirror into which, Jan. 1820, seems mentally io assent it seems, she had no wish to pore. to the orthodoxy of this doctrine, and These are your own words :

to the utility of its practice. In truth, time since The Mirroor of the Worlde, the Cantek editions he mentions are edited and printed by Joan Caxton, almost invaluable for their rare ocin 1457, in perfect condition, was sold for the small sum of 28. 60,


GAINS FROM Books. * Bib, Rep.



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128 Indostan, in 1767,- The Duke of York. [Feb. ACCOUNT OR INDOSTAN, BY MR. those parts; but on the approach of

GUSTAVUS DUCAREL, APRIL Abdallee, who has beat them hand1767.

somely, the cowards walked off. NDOSTAN is divided by the fol. Nothing need be said of the Decan;

affairs there are so well known. It lowing powers : from the Attoch to Lahor, and Serhind, are the Siks, is only in Indostan such changes baye about 50 or 60,000 fighting men ;

happened within these six or seven but disunited, and under several difé years, as to admit.of no records being ferent Chiefs. The province and city made; and it is chiefly from the of Dehli are held by Nudjil ut Dowla, mouths of people who have been eye Mir. Buxy of the empire ; be with witnesses to the principal transactions, great difficulty defends it against the

that one is able to obtain a just acMorattoes, siks, and other invaders. count of the present state and divi. The King's eldest son is with him, sion of the country. aod near a thousand descendants of Abdallee, the Ďurannee Shing to the Royal Family, shut up in the Dehli, has lately frightened all the Castle of Dehli. To the Westward powers of the country; but all apare the Rajeponts. At. Agra dwells prehension is now over. Abdallee has Rajah Juvaber Sing Taut; the domi met with such opposition from the pions of the Tauts extend to the Siks, a Gentoo nation, inbabiting beEastward, along the banks of the

tween Lahor and Dehli, as has preJumna, and on both sides of it; they vented him from reaching the lalter have several strong forts to the city; and much more extending his North of Agra; all the country ex views to Bengal, which would he teoding froin the province of Dehli a thousand miles further to to the frontiers of Sujah Dowla's and

march. This man's dominions are the King's dominions, is possessed by situated beyond the Judus, or Althe Robillas, who are Mahometans tock; containing the countries of and Pattabs; they are under three

Candabar, Caboul, &c. ; he was very Chiefs, but tolerably united with each low in the service of Nadirshaw, and other. The country, from Corah

for some misdemeanour lost his ears; Gehanabad to Allahabad, at the con but being descended from the Chiefs flux of the Jumna and Ganges, about of the Abdallees, a principal tribe of 60 or 70 coss, is allotted for the the Affg hans, at the demise of his King's maintenance; and our protec.

master, and the confusion wbicb foltion supports him in a quiet posses

lowed in the affairs of Persia, he presion. The district of Benares is be. vailed on his countrymen to revolt tween the Carampassa and Allahabad, and declare him their King ; he has and belongs to Sujah Dowla; all the since made a principal figure in the rest of his dominious lay to the East. affairs of Indostan, having twice car. ward of the Ganges, and are bounded ried off great riches from Dehli. by a range of mountains. We now come to Bengal, &c. ; who that be SPEECH or HENRY SMITH, ESQ. TO longs to is sufficiently known. The HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE Duke great countries laying from the OF YORK. Jumpa Southward, and from the Ju.

“ May it please your Royal Highness, dus Westward to Orixa and the confines of Bengal, are either possessed

I AM commanded by the Master and

Wardens of the Drapers' Company, or traversed by the Moratta armies ;

to inform you that they are now convened. their principal seat of Government is in Court, for the purpose of executing an on the Malabar coast; the next is

unanimous resolution of the Court of Asthat of Nangpoor in the province of sistants, that your Royal Highness should Berar, Johnagee Rajah ; there is also be humbly requested to receive the Freeone if not more Chiefs in other places, dom of this Company. In order that but they are tolerably united in the your Royal Highness may be enabled to

form a correct judgment of the proper common cause of plunder. Notwithstanding these immense possessions, preferred, it may be convenient that I

answer to be returned to the Petition now they are ever discontented, and want

shouli apprize your Royal Highness of ing to increase them. They have for

the duties and functions of the Body of a long time kept a large arıny near which you are requested to become a the Jumpa ready to take advantage Member, and of the motives which have of any disturbance that may arise in

induced the request.

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