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Illustrations of Cambrian History and Antiquities. (Jan. turns; could manage a horse or a
Pride of Ancestry. boat with admirable dexterity, and at Giraldus Cambrensis, in his “Camsixty years of age, was the best wres-, briæ Descriptio,” observes, that the tler in Caeroarvopshire. Among ber Welsh possessed in an eminent degree milder and more feminine accomplish: an unbounded pride of pedigree ; ments were those of musick and his words are:- Genealogiam quowitchcraft; tbe former was limited que generis sui etiam de populo quis, to a performance op her pational in- libel observat, et non solum avos, atastrument the harp, and the violin ; vos, sed usque ad sextam vel septiand we cannot be surprized that she mam, et ultro procul generatiouem was accounted skilful in the latter, memoriter et promptè genus enarrat when we consider the simple beings in hunc modum: Resus filius Gruf. among whom she dwelt, and her va- fini, filii Resi, filii Theodori, filii rious occupations. The late Mr. Æneæ, filii Depi, filii Hoeli, filii CaHutton, who visited North Wales, delli, filii Roderici Magoi, et sic thus describes Margaret and the sim- deinceps *.". This feeling, always ple manners of the natives of this re laudable when confined within reatired spot of the priocipality: sonable bounds, is, in some degree, « Mong the rocks of Llanberis *, where perceptible among the modern inha
foot comes not nighi, [eye, bitants of Cambria ; but to such an No eye sees their summit except a bird's excess bas it been carried since Giral. Nor aught in the prospect appears to the dus visited our country, that it has sight,
[delight; become a matter of derision to our But water and mountain, yet they give more enlightened neighbours, the Quite silent for miles thro' these regions
English. you go,
[blow. Except when the surly wind chooses to
A few years ago there lived at “But few are their neighbours, and Dolgelley in Merionethshire, an indifewer their quarrels, [barrels
vidual who, although n:oving in a And fewest of all are good liquors and low sphere of life, was extremely teIn stockings and shoes are no mighly sums nacious of the celebrity of his illusspent,
trious progenitors. This was Robin In building, or gaming, or eating, or rent; Edwards, “ Guide General to Cader Instead of regaling in luxury there, Idris and the Waterfalls," whose chaWe see life sustain'd with the most simple racter will be better exemplified by
the following copy of a paper, deliTheir health and their harmony are not
vered by him to such strangers as disjoiuted,
visited his neighbourhood for the For, as they expect not, they're not dis• Robust are the females, hard labour purpose of viewing its numerous attends them,
beauties:With the fist they could knock down the
" Robert Edwards, man who offends them;
second son of the celebrated Tanner, Wila Here liv'd Peggy Evans, who saw ninetyo, liam Edwards, ap Griffith, ap Morgan, two,
ap David, ap Owen, ap Llewelyn, ap CadCould wrestle, row, fiddle, and hunt a fox waladr, great-greai-great grandson of an Could ring a sweet peal, as the neighbour- illegitimate daughter of ibat illustrious
hood tells, (there beep any bells; hero,-no less famed for his irresistible That would charm your two earshad
prowess when mildly approaching under Enjoy'd rosy health io a lodging of straw,
The 'velvet standards of the lovely Venus, Commanded the saw-pit, and wielded the
than when he sternly advanced with the saw;
terrific banner of the bloody Mars,--and And tho’ she's deposited where you can't Sir Rice ap Thomas, who was the son of find her,
[her.” Anne, alias Catharine, daughter of Howel I know she has left a few sisters behind
ap Jenkin of Ynys-y-maengwyn, thirMegan had many suitors; and, as teenth in descent from Cadwgan, a lineal if determined' to maintain the supe- descendant of Bleddyn ap Cynfin, Prince riority which Nature bad bestowed of Powis. Since his nativity, full four and upon her, she gave her hand to the eighty times bath the sun rolled to his most effeminate of her admirers.
* " Rice ap Griffith, ap Rice, ap Tu* Llanberis is a small village at the dor, ap Einion, ap Owen, ap Howel, ap foot of Snowdon ; near it there is a vale of Cadell, ap Roderic the Great, and so on." great picturesque beauty, which takes its This is part of the pedigree of the Royal name from the village.
House of South Wales.
hearsal of which afforded him grene A considered the true Antiquarian
1820.) Robert Edwards.-Harvard College.-Mr. Bowyer. 13 summer solstice *. Fifty years was he long time. I can trace it back to one host of the Hen and Chickens, Pen-y- of my ancestors who came to this front, twenty of which he was Apparitor country about 70 years ago, and proto the late Right Reverend Father in God, bably brought it with him from EngJohn, Lord Bishop of Bangor, and his land at that time. It is of silver, predecessors ; by chance made a glover, about the size of a shilling, but much by genius a fly dresser and angler; is now, by the all-divine assistance, conduc- thinner, and is engraved, and not tor to and over the most tremendous struck with a die, as those medals inmountain Cader Idris; to the stupendous tended for circulation *. cataracts of the Cayue and the Mowd. Observing the eagerness with which dach; and to the enchanting cascades of your Correspondents search out every Dol-y-melynllyn, with all its beautifully, thing relating to your deceased worromantic scenery ; Guide-general and thies, I have sent you a copy of the maguificent expounder of all the natural loscriplion inserted by Mr. Bow yer, and artificial curiosities of North Wales; the celebrated Printer, in the books professor of grand and bombastical lexi: he presented to Harvard University cographical words; Kuight of the most avomalous, whinsical, yet perhaps happy, Nichols, in his " Literary Anecdotes:”
of which mention is iade by Mr. order of hair-brained inexplicables.”
“ Collegio Harvardensi, Poor Robin, with all his cccentri.
novi orbis decori et ornamento, cities, is now gathered to those fa.
veteris admirationi, thers he so enthusiastically venerated. Academiis Britannicis virtuti I reinember him well, and am greatly
et inoribus non tam æmulo indebled to him for many an hour's
quam exemplo, amusement during my boyish days ;
munusculun hoc donat he was a famous story-teller, and
Gulielmus Bowyer.” abounded in all the traditionary tales
A TRANSATLANTIC READER. known in Merioneth, and almost every other shire in North Wales; the reci Mr. URBAN, Oct. 12, 1819.
S delight, and gave full scope to the garrulity and circumstantiality for Repositors, I make po apology for which he was noted. But his glory sending you a notice of the discovery consisted in conducting a parly to the of a great number of human bones “most tremendous mountain Cader which were some time ago dug up in Idris,” aod to the neighbourin, wa the vicinity of Aylesbury. Some terfalls. Then, arrayed in his best work men employed in digging gravel suit, his head decorated with a large in the Northero part of the parish, equilateral cocked-hat, and his dimi- discovered within a few yards of the nutive person bestriding a poney as course of a small brook which sepadwarfish as himself, he proudly led rates it from the neighbouring parish the way; and, I suspect, experienced of Brieton, and very near to the turnas much satisfaction as his renowned pike road leading from Aylesbury to ancestor Bleddyn ap Cynfyn ever did Winslow, the remains of several skewhen riding to the field at the head letoos. They were found lying in of his numerous and brave vassals. various directions and postures, some He was a harmless, and, in his way, a with the heads' towards the East, very entertaining personage; his me others the contrary way, and, in a mory will not speedily be forgotten word, as if thrown promiscuously into by those who have had the pleasure holes which had been hastily dug to of his amusing company. He died in receive them. Some of them were 1810 or 1811.
R. within three feet of the surface, others (To be continued.)
four or five; but according to the in
formation given me upon the spot, Mr. URBAN,
Boston, N. America, none at a more considerable depth.
Nov. 16, 1819. The number of skeletons amounted I
SEND you a drawing of a Medal to thirly-eight ; and as the labourers which has been in my family a
* The Medal is that of James I. and * The paper, of which the above is a his son Henry; is engraved in Gent. copy, was printed in 1806; in the March Mag. for June 1788, and explained in of that year, he completed his eighty. vol. LIX. pp. 799, 805 ; LX, 218; and fourth year.
LXI, 321. EDIT.
14 Discovery of Human Bones at Aylesbury. (Jan. proceed in getting up the gravel, it Northward of the parish church ; the seems probable that many more may ground immediately contiguous has be hereafter discovered. The bones been of late years considerably raised, are for the most part those of adult in order to form and improve the subjects; and froin the appearance of line of turnpike-road which formerly the teeth, with few exceptions, scarce- was, in wet seasons frequently overly past the middle age. Some locks flowed by the neighbouring brook. of hair were observable still hanging Over that brook (which by the bye is to one or two of the skulls ; and at the original, though here inconsiderleast in one of them the brain had able, stream, that, after a course of a not wholly lost its figure or consist- few miles, is dignified by the title of ency. These latter were imbedded " the river Thame") is a small bridge in the dark coloured stiff clay, which of two arches, forming one of the obtains very generally in and about principal approaches to Aylesbury; the vale of Aylesbury, and is known and, very probably, a spot where it by geologists under the appellation may have been thought proper to of oak-tree clay. Where the bones station an advanced guard for the had lain in the beds of gravel, they protection of the Southern bank ; and generally appeared drier and more to interrupt an enemy in advancing decayed. Some few of the bones evi. towards the town. dently belonged to tall men, but af- According to Lord Clarendon's acforded nothing very particular with count, Aylesbury was garrisoned for reference to their stature. The mea- the Parliament during 1644 and the dow in which these relicks have been succeeding year; and although, as fouod, abounds with green patches, Mr. Lysons truly observes, “ it does irregularly distributed about its sur- not appear to have sustained any siege face ; and there are evidently enough from the Royal army,” it was deemed to be traced, several holes or pits of great inportance, and in all prowhich have not yet been examined. bability must have been exposed to With the exception of a small buckle the occasional loss of many of the found lying upon the neck of one of troops stationed there, as well as very the skeletons, and a piece or two of likely to have been the means of dean horse-shoe, I could not ascertain stroying numbers of assailants in those that any thing whatsoever, which predatory excursions which there is might have been supposed to be bu• good authority for believing to have ried at the same time with the bodies, been at the time very common in this was discovered.
neighbourhood, although not partiVery various conjectures were made cularized by the historians of that by the visitors who, attracted by cu- period. Boarstall or Borstal House riosity from time to time, inspected (situated upon an antient domain, the progress of the discovery. Some now belonging to the family of Auwere at first inclined to suppose that brey), then one of King Charles's garthere had formerly been a place of risons, was a perpetual annoyance to execution near the spot: but that the Parliamentary forces at Aylesidea was, I believe, soon abandoned, burg. In the spring of the year 1644 in consequence of the number as well Boarstall was one of the smaller garas the appearance of the bones. The risons which it was thought advisemost probable account is,-that these able to abandon. It was accordingly were the bodies of soldiers slain during evacuated by the King's forces, and the civil wars of Cromwell. History, the fortifications destroyed. Inmeit is true, has not preserved many par. diately the Parliamentarians, who ticulars of the contests to which, at “had experienced much inconvenithat eventful period, we may venture ence from the excursions of their to refer the loss of so many lives ; but neighbours," took possession of it, it is quite too much to suppose that and greatly annoyed the Royal garthese bones have lain here ever since rison at Oxford, by intercepting prothe Saxon times, a period of more visions, &c. whereupon Colonel Gage than twelve hundred years having undertook to reduce it, which he is intervened sioce the reduction of the related to have effected with great town of Aylesbury by that people, gallantry. Lady Denham, the then under Cuthwolf. The spot in which proprietor of the mansion, having they have been found is about a mile fled away in disguise ; and “ the gar
1820.) The notorious Turpin.-Popladys !
35 rison left there by Col. Gage, nearly security for his good behaviour, was supported itself (says Lord Clarendon) committed to Bridewell. by depredations io Buckinghamshire, The Magistrates, after making inparticularly in the neighbourhood of quiries into his mode of living, and Aylesbury." It also appears that the finding him a suspicious character, King fixed his head-quarters at Buck- removed him to York Castle, where ingham for some time, in 1644. he bad not been a month, when two Hence it seeins. but reasonable to persons from Lincoloshire came and suppose that severe conflicts might claimed a mare and foal, and likewise have taken place in the vicinity of so a borse, which he had stolen in that important a post as this of Aylesbury, county. When he had been imprialthough not particularly described soped some time it was found out or banded down to us in ihe page of (through letters that came to him) History: and that the bones now dis- that his real name was Richard Turcovered may be more reasonably re- pio, the noted highwayman. He was ferred to that period than to one so brought to trial, convicted on two much more remote, as the days of .indictments (the account does pot vur Saxon ancestors, is confirmed by say for what crimes, but I presume their general appearance, freshness, for stealing the horses as above), rethe mode in which they were buried, ceived sentence of death, and was the particular spot where they have executed at York on the 10th of lain, and every other circumstance April 1739.
M. L. connected with the subject, which has come to the knowledge of An old CORRESPONDENT.
Mr. URBAN, Kilbourne, Jan. 4.
S your pages are peculiarly deMr. URBAN, Thaxted, Jun. 3.
thing that is curious in Antiquity; ON N reading
some of your Readers inay be able plement), vol. LXXXIX. part i. to explain the origin of the following p. 604, I find your Correspondent custom. G. B. wishes to be informed where On returning from the country, I the law which awards the punishment happened to sleep at St. Alban's on of death for killing a game-cock 'is the night of the 31st of December to be found, and also of the nature last, and was awakened early the next of the crime for which Turpin was morning by a confused noise of boys tried and afterwards executed. and girls in the street, crying for sale
As to the law, I cannot give any " Popladys ! Popladys !" information; but I have in my pos- Enquiring at breakfast-time the session a Newgate Calendar, in wbich meaning of those words, I was inthe account of Turpin's life and vil formed, that it was a very ancient lanies are fully given; by which it practice in that town, to cry and sell appears, that after living some time in the streets and in the Baker's shops, in a cave on Epping Forest, and bav- on New Year's Day, a species of cake ing committed a murder, he went or bun, called Poplady, one of which to Long-Sutton, in Lincolnshire, and was brought to me. It was 'a plain stole some horses, for which he was cake, like the Cross Buns sold on taken into custody, but escaped from Good Friday; but instead of being the constable, and went to Welton, in circular was long and narrow, rudely Yorksbire, where he went by the resembling the human figure, with name of John Palmer, and assumed two dried raisins or currants stuck in the character of a gentleman. While to mark the eyes, and another to there he shot a cock belonging to his represent the mouth, the lower part landlord, on which a neighbour told being formed somewhat like the outer him that he was doing wroog, and case of an Egyptian mummy. Turpin threateniog to shoot him too As the Abbey of St. Alban's is ceif he waited while he loaded bis gun, lebrated in Monkish story, it is prohis neighbour informed his laudlord bable that this cake is a relic of Roof what had passed; he was taken mish superstition: perhaps a variety into custody, and carried before a of the Yule Cake, which we are told, Bench of Justices then assembled at in Brand's Popular Antiquities, was Beverley, and being unable to give sometimes made in confectionery to
Improvements in the British Coinage. [Jan. represent the infant Christ or the At the commencement of the preVirgin Mary. But whence the name sent reigo, in the year 1760, the gold of Poplady? Can it be a corruption coins were known to be considerably of Pope Lady—the female Pope ale diminished by filing, &c. No steps, luding to the fabulous tale of Pope however, were taken to prevent the Joun, recorded by Platina in his His practice until the year 1774 +, when a tory of Sovereigo Pontiffs ?
general recoinage of gold was deif you, Sir, or any of your Cor- termined upon, and the practice of respondents can throw any light on weighing gold coins (a practice bore this curious, though ridiculous cus- rowed from the wisdom of the Chinese) tom, it will oblige,
S. P. was established by statute,, which
condescended to borrow so much from Mr. URBAN,
Jan. 1. that people, but was at the same time
ments in Art and Science stand wealth of such a nation as ours, to recorded in the Reports of the re- imitate their æconomy in not coinspective Societies whose peculiar ob- ing the more precious metals. jects they are, the improvements Tables of the weights at which the made during the present reign in the gold coined at different periods was art of Coinage are suffered to pass to be current, were published by auby unregarded; possibly because they thority, to the great convenience of are too artless for the Society of Arts, the filers and sweaters, who were too little scieotific for the Royal Soo taught by them how far they could ciety, and too little like profitable legally go: This was undoubtedly trading concerns to attract ihe notice an invitation of the Parliamentary of the Board of Trade.
wisdoin in the reigo of King William To extend the knowledge of them, III. when a proper time was grapermit me the use of a few of your ciously allowed to the clippers of the columns to be occupied with a chro- silver coin, in which they could exnological account, extracted from ercise their talents with full effect, the only work which has hitherto and safety #. condescended to notice them at large*. In the year 1983 the counterfeit
Nothing of importance was done copper movey was complained of as a until the year 1769, when the Act to great grievance by the inhabitants of continue duties for the encourage- Westminster. This very naturally ment of the Coinage of money was produced a slatute to forbid the made perpetual.
counterfeiting of the current coin of As the expediency of originally Ireland, to the great relief of Lonpassing this Act was, in the minds of don and Westminster S. Those who considered the subject, 'ex- In 1787, the want of silver money tremely problematical, making it occasioned an effort to supply it, perpetual, and thereby satisfying all which by great exertion was carried doubts upon the subject, must be al- on to the amount of about 80,0001. lowed to be an improvement, from It was undoubtedly judicious not to which might be augured the rapid extend it beyond that sum, as the progress which the coins afterwards great recoinage in King Williain's made towards perfection.
reign, which was conducted upon the
* “Avnals of the Coinage of Great Britain, by the Rev. Rogers Ruding.”-The late · Lord Liverpool, in a Letter to the King, speaks in high terms of some of them, that is, of the recoin age of gold, and the plan of weighing it in common traffick. The more modern improvements be unfortunately did not live to see. Judging, however, from what he actually did approve, there can be but little doubt that these would likewise have been honoured by his support.
+ This delay was doubtless intended to furnish Government with a stronger case than it would have had in 1760), from the progress, which the clippers, &c. might make io the deterioration of ihe coins. # See the Statute 7 & 8 William Ill. Chap. 1.
Upon mature deliberation, a coinage of copper was determined upon, and issued in July 1797 ; tbe impatience of the people, who are not accustomed to deliberate, but to act from their imniediate imaginary feelings, having in 1784 commenced coinage of private tokens.