the alphabet, with signs made by the fingers, the deaf and dumb. Although he is now, of the right hand; to understand the mean and always has been, unable either to hear ing of letters, syllables, and words, like or to speak; yet be is perfectly qualified other students ; to reduce them to writing, for his place, and performs its duties in a according to the rules of orthography and becoming and satisfactory manner. I syntax; to acquire other languages than know by his writing that he understands their mother tongue; and in short, to be- English composition, as well as if he had come masters of every thing that languages the sense of hearing, and bad spoken the can convey to the mind.

tongue all his days. “ In this latter plan, pupils are not “Such are the two plans of instruction taught pronunciation. M. Sicard has be- for the deaf and dumb. It is for you, felcome convinced that the voice of deaf per- low-citizens, to decide whether either of sons, not being modulated by their own ear, them is worthy of adoption in this city." is necessarily harsh, uncouth, and ungrace

Number of Deaf and Dumb. ful. It is frequently difficult to be understood. He has therefore omitted it, as of “ Sixty-three are ascertained to be reno substantial service; resting the qualif- siding the city of New York, and eight cations of his pupils on their manual alpha- in the vicinity. bet ; their conventional gestures ; their

“ It is believed the number, when dis. reading, writing, and composition; their covered, will amount to one hundred, in the ability to learn languages; and in fine, their city of New York alone. capacity to attain every thing relative to

“Those in the city, as far as their ages language, except its sounds and vocal ut- are known, are as follow : terance. The scholars of his seminary,

1 of 4 years of age, therefore, although instructed in the mean


6 ing and use of language, continue to be

7 dumb. “ Prom a neighbouring city a missionary

9 was sent, a few years ago, to seek in the


10 kingdoms of Europe the true art of teaching


11 the deaf and dumb. The Rev. Mr. Gal


12 laudet returned to his friends a qualified


13 instructer, upon the French system. He

14 brought with him, as an assistant, a most

7 from 15 to 18 interesting man, Mr. Clerc. This person

3 from 18 to 22 never heard a sound or uttered a word;

2 from 28 to 30 being deaf and dumb from his birth. Yet 15 Children, ages unknown, believed he is so quick and intelligent, that he has

to be from 6 to 14. become acquainted with both the French

57." and English tongues, which he writes with grammatical accuracy.

A letter which I received from him a few weeks

ARCHIVES OF THE STUART FAago, is a correct piece of English compo

MILY. sition. In hiin we have an example of the ability of a person, himself deaf and durnb, Among the foreigners lately arrived from to give the necessary instruction to others Rome, says a French paper, is Mr. Watson, labouring under similar disabilities. a Scotch gentleman, who is on his way to

“ Nor is this the only instance. In the London. Mr. Watson is the proprietor of city of Bourdeaux, Mr. Gard is a teacher in the archives of the Stuart family, which he the Royal Academy there, for instructing discovered, and bought of M. Tassoni, the


Pope's auditor, and executor to the will off together with anecdotes and characters of the late Cardinal York. These papers are his most distinguished cotemporaries, many actually on their way to England, the Bri- of them collected from his own lips. tish government having sent two men of war to Civita Vecchia to transport them thither. They are numerous, authentic, and very COLLEGES OF PHYSICIANS AND valuable--being estimated at half a million. SURGEONS OF NEW-YORK. They illustrate every thing obscure in the

At the annual commencement of the history of the last Stuarts, and throw new lights on the literature, the history, and the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New. politics of the most interesting period of

York, in April last, the Degree of Doctor in modern times. In the literary part is a

Medicine was conferred upon thirty-five correspondence between King James and graduates. Fenelon, Swist, the Bishop of Rochester,

The College of Physicians and Surgeons

of the Western District of the State of NewLord Bolingbroke, Marshal Keith, and

York, at Fairfield, at the same time conother equally celebrated personages. In

ferred the same degree upon eight gradu. the political part there are above 6000 auto

ates. graphs of the Stuart family; as well as a great number of letters from Charles XII. Peter the Great, Louis XIV. and almost all

PRUSSIC ACID. the sovereigns of Europe.

In a curious paper on the use of the Prussic acid, in various diseases, Dr. Ma

gendie has given the following general re. ENGLISH ARTISTS.

sults : Modern patronage has created in Eng 1. That pure Prussic acid is a substance land not less than NINE

AND eminently deleterious, and altogether unfit THIRTY-ONE professional artists, of various to be used as a medicine. descriptions, resident in and near the me 2. That the Prussic acid, diluted with tropolis ; of whom there are

water, is beneficial in cases of chronic and 532 Painters.

nervous coughs. 45 Sculptors.

3. That the Prussic acid may be useful 149 Architects.

in the palliative treatment of phthisis, by 93 Engravers in Line.

diminishing the intensity and frequency of 38 in Mixed Styles.

the coughs, and in procuring sleep.
19 in Mezzotinto.
33 in Aquatinta.

22 on Wood.
And what deserves to be specially noticed,

New method of detecling arsenious acid or

corrosive sublimate, when in solution. among the painters there are no less than FORTY-THREE ladies!

Take a little recent wheat starch; add to it a sufficient quantity of iodine to give it a blue colour. Mix a little of this blue mat

ter with water, so as to have a blue coCURRAN.

loured liquid. If into this liquid a few Mr. C. Phillips, the eloquent barrister, drops of an aqueous solution of arsenious bas in the press a life of his friend, the acid be put, the blue colour is immediately Right Hon. John Philpot Curran. This changed to reddish brown, and is gradually work will comprise an account of the legal, dissipated entirely. The solution of corpolitical, and private life of Mr, Curran ;' rozive sublimate produces nearly the same


effect; but if some drops of sulphuric acid J and Greek Theology is very choice, and be added, the blue colour is again restored, comprises many articles not to be found in if it has been destroyed by arsenions acid; the best European Catalogues. A Sapbut if it has been destroyed by corrosive plementary Catalogue of about 1500 differc: l'imate it is not restored either by sul- ent works is now preparing. phuric acid or any other acid. (Bugna

An Appeal to Men of Wisdom and Cantelli, Ann. de Chim. et Phys. IV. 334.]

dour, or Four Discourses, preached before
the University of Cambridge, by the Rev.

Charles Simeon, M.A.

The Minister's Instructions to his People on the Subject of Confirmation. By the Rev. J. P. K. Henshaw, M.A.

The Religious World Displayed; or a A Catalogue of Books, for 1818, includ- View of the four Grand Systems of Reliing many rare and valuable articles in an-gion, Judaism, Paganism, Christianity, and cient and modern literature, now on sale Mohammedism. By the Rev. Robert for cash, at the Literary Rooms of James Adam, B.A. Oxford. 3 vols. 8vo. boards, Eastburn & Co. in Broadway, corner of $7 50. Pine-Street, New-York. Price 75 cents. Childe Harold's Pilgrimage to the Red

This catalogue contains one of the finest Sea, and other Poems. collections ever presented for sale in the Dialogues on Chymistry. By the Rey. J. United States. The Classical, and Latin Joyce, 2 vols. 18mo. bound, $2.


To Correspondents.

W. & X. are informed that we have re- we know not how to designate them, we ceived their poetical communications. can make only this general acknowledg.

The friendly letter of W. which was left ment. for us with our Publishers, has received our Some of the letters which we have recareful attention, and we return to him our ceived, induce us to state that we have no sincere thanks. On the subject of his let. desire to display our powers of repartee, in ter we should be glad to hear from him a public disputation with anonymous coragain, if he should perceive continued rea. respondents. At the same time, we shall son for his conjectures and apprehensions. thankfully avail ourselves of all the informHe will permit us to add, that the writer of ation that may be transmitted to us.' such a letter could certainly contribute Zato, Y, and our other friends, who valuable articles for our pages.

afford us their constant assistance, will acA number of communications, without cept our sincere gratitude for their fa signatures, have been received, but as yours.

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THE Churches in this country should

establish an independent judicatory, or remain still subordinate

to the Church of Holland ? The THE subject of this brief me- former adopted the affirmative, moir was born at Prekenis, near and the latter the negative, of this the confluence of the two branches question. In consequence of this, which form the Passaik, in the the former proceeded to organize county of Bergen, state of New- themselves into a distinct EccleJersey.

siastical community, and exerHis father, the Rev. Dr. Her-cised all the powers of Church mannus Meier, was a native of government, without consulting the city of Bremen, in Germany, the mother Church. The latter and received his education in the still retained their connexion with University of Groningen, in Hol- the mother Church, and refused land. He emigrated to this coun- to recognize the authority of the try in consequence of his accept- former, as also the validity of ance of a call from the Reformed their ordinations. It must not, Dutch Church in Kingston, (Eso- however, be concealed, that in pus) Ulster county, state of New connexion with this original cause York. As he met with unde- of division, another of a more served opposition in the discharge serious and important nature soon of his duty in that place, and ulti-appeared, which added greatly to mately occupied a distinguished the bitterness of feeling and viostation in the Reformed Dutch lence of opposition on the side of Church in this country, we trust the Conferentie party, which was, our readers will be gratified with that as a body, the Cætus mainsome particular, though short, tained the absolute necessity of account of him. It is necessary Christian experience as essential to state, that previous to his ar- to the Christian character and the rival, this Church was divided hope of salvation. They took into two great parties, called for their rule the apostle's de. Cætus and Conferentie, who mani-claration, “ If any man be in fested towards each other a most Christ Jesus he is a new creaunchristian animosity of feeling. ture; old things are done away, The original cause of this schism and all things are become new.' was the question, Whether the Which declaration they utterly

Vol. II....No. 3.

refused to explain, as meaning plied the doctrines of the Gospel merely an external change from so powerfully to the heart, that the profession of Judaism, or while they professed to revere Heathenism, to that of Christian. the man, they openly declared ity, or to fritter away, so as to che- that it was impossible for them to rish hope in the formal professor sit patiently under his ministry. of Christianity, that he might be Unable, however, to find any regenerated in his last moments, plausible matter of accusation though in the mean time he had against him, his enemies waited not the Spirit of Christ. They until an occasion was offered, by insisted upon present regenera- a matrimonial connexion, which tion, or a total change of heart Dr. Meier formed with a leading and life, as constituting the only family belonging to the Coetus foundation of hope in relation to party, and an intimate friendship the life to come. To this exhi- which soon succeeded with other bition of the nature of true reli- families and distinguished characgion the Conferentie as a body were ters of the same party. These hostile. Not a few of the minis- circumstances were seized upon ters of that party, it is to be feared, as a sufficient ground of open opwere not merely strangers to the position, and neighbouring minispower of godliness themselves, ters were invited to attend, and but condemned it as fanaticism in decide in the dispute, which had others, and gave just cause of re. now become public and interestproach to adversaries, by their ing. Upon this invitation the unholy conversation and conduct Rev. Messrs. Rysdyck, of Pough

The controversy between these keepsie and Fishikill, Freyenmoet, parties, whi:h commenced in of Livingston's Manor, and Koch, 1751, was at its height in 1762, of Rhynbeck and West Camp, when Dr. Meier arrived at Kings- all of the Conferentie party, atton, where he was received tended at Kingston ; and, after a “ with that respect and affection summary hearing of the accusawhich were due to his character tion, without any competent auand the relation which he sus thority, proceeded to suspend Dr. tained to the Church." For Meier from his ministry in that such a state of things as actually place, and discharge the Congreexisted, he was but little quali- gation from their relation to him. fied, for he was naturally "mild An act so rash, irregular, and illeand humble in bis temper, polite gal, would, at any other time, have and unaffected in his manners,

,” been resented, and treated with as well as a man of great erudi- the contempt which it deserved ; tion and eminent piety. He took but under the influence of party his stand immediately on the side spirit it met with support, and its of truth, in the most decided and consequences were very serious fearless manner. The issue was and afflicting. Dr. Meier was actusuch as might be expected in such ally shut out from his ministry at

His preaching was “too Kingston from that day; and a peoevangelical, practical, and point- ple, who might have long profited ed, to suit the taste of many of his by his ministrations, were totally principal hearers. He searched deprived of them, to the greatgrief the conscience so closely, and ap-1 of the more serious part of the

a case.

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