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this conviction of the value of the soul of motion relates : and I am sure it will be man, that this Society has been organized. most acceptable to them, if, instead of comAnd I must be allowed to say, that, if all pliment, I request you to give them your the energies of the Society—if all the money fervent prayers at the throne of grace. which it has expended-all the prayers that have been offered—all the labours of all the

MR. MARTEN, various institutions which it has contributed In seconding the motion said— I should, it to originate, had been instrumental but to time had permitted, have had much to say the salvation of one soul, that effort would in their commendation. They claim the have been worthy of Christian benevolence, reward of your thanks for all those anxieties and acceptable to our Saviour and our which they have manifested for the best inGod. And when we connect with that re- terests of this Society. Having held in other Alection, the multitude of those who now are institutions the offices both of Treasurer and perishing for lack of knowledge—the many Secretary, I know that the duties of such millions of the human race who are per offices are not performed without much petually siaking into a state of eternal labour and anxiety. One of the greatest wretchedness and torment—when we think anxieties of a Treasurer is, that he may not how perpetually the human race are in- have an empty purse : another is, that he creasing, and doubling their population; may have an empty purse; for he wishes we then feel, that no efforts which can be to pay away the money as fast as be remade, can be too great, too arduous, or im-ceives it. portant, in order to carry the measures of We have heard from one of our brethren, such a Society as this into instantaneous ef- that it is not this Missionary Society, nor fect. It is therefore, Sir, that I second this that Missionary Society, but that Chrismotion with peculiar pleasure.

tianity itself is one great Missionary Society:

and that, in a sense, neither man, woman, (We lament that, the time being nearly nor child, who loves Christianity, can be elapsed, the motion of the audience in with consistent, without being a Missionary in its drawing, in order to attend the succeeding cause : in that cause we must live, and in service, prevented the Reporter from dis- that cause we must die. tinctly hearing this and the following It is not necessary to go ten thousand

speeches. The Chairman, aware of this, miles, in order to be Missionaries. We may informed the meeting that only two Resolu- be Missionaries at homewe may be Mistions more remained to be proposed.] sionaries to the poor sailors—alluding to

the laudable efforts made in the port of Rev. THOMAS STRUTHERS. London for merchant seamen, and the openThe Resolution I have the honour to ing a Floating Chapel for their use on

the Thames)—all are engaged in the same IV. That the cordial thanks of this meet- cause—all put their hands to the same ing be given to the Treasurer, the Secre- work : and only recollect, that those who tary, and the Directors of this Society, and labour day and night to promote the great to all who by their personal services have cause, deserve your thanks; and the best promoted the welfare of the Institution.

thanks you can render will be, to supply I could have wished that this Resolution them with the means of doing more good.

Mr. Burder, in a few words, acknow. had fallen into the hands of some gentleman better qualified to do justice to the object of ledged the honour conferred by this resoluit, than I feel myself able to do. I have not

tion on the persons it respected. the honour of being personally known to Resolution V. That the Treasurer and the respectable individuals to whom this Secretary be requested to continue in their

propose, is

appointments, and that the following gen- | labours of this Society have added to the tlemen be chosen Directors for the year en numbers of the redeemed, and promoted the suing, in the room of those who by rotation, happines of heaven : it will be found or otherwise, have retired. [The list read.] higher honour to have been an officer or

The Rev. J. Philip, of Aberdeen, and the director of this Society, than to have occ:Rev. E Young, of Whitby, moved and pied the most elevated station in the world seconded this resolution ; but we regret that the audience being impatient to re Rev. E. Young, (of Whitby.) move, for the purpose of procuring admis

In rising to second the motion, permit me sion to Tottenham Court, for the evening simply to state the joy which I feel in comservice, these gentlemen had not an oppor-mon with my brethren in the glad tidings tunity fully to express their sentiments, and this day communicated particularly the were scarcely heard.

glad tidings of the distant islands of the

South Seas; and in connexion with these Rav. John PHILIP (of Aberdeen.) tidings, allow me to call upon you, to look Mr. Philip began by observing, that when back to that period, when those islands were our Lord made his last journey to Jerusa- first brought to the knowledge of the civilem, the whole city was moved; so, when lized world. What were the designs of those Christ appears to be approaching to estab- who first discovered them? The great de. lish his kingdom throughout the world, the sign of those who went thither, was to en. Church at large is in motion.

large the field of human knowledge-to disOur Fathers (said he) told us the great cover new sources for commercial enterthings which they had seen; but we have prise ; but behold! how God has overruled seen far greater things than they. The work the designs of men, for the accomplishment of God is in progress; it is in operation, and of his own gracious purposes. I might go will gradually destroy all opposition—every on to notice not only how the commendable link in the chain of caste—the influence of designs of men, but the designs of men every false deity, and will finally change the hostile to truth, have been overruled by character of the interesting population of In- God, for the advancement of his own kingdia. I was happy to observe in your report, dom; but at this late hour I will simply ex. that the civilization of Africa is carried on press my humble concurrence with the moin conjunction with the labours of the Mis- tion that has now been made. sionaries. When the Lord created man, he The meeting concluded about 2 o'clocka. placed him in the garden of Eden; and he was to labour in that garden with his hands ; if this was the case with man in a state of innocence, how much more should we think ANNIVERSARY COLLECTIONS, May, 1816. it necessary that the heathen should be taught to cultivate the earth, and be in.

S. d. structed in those employments, which are

Surrey Chapel

422 12 10 Tabernacle

178 9 0 connected with civilization in the present

Albion Chapel state of man! Your report contained also, an interesting account of Russia. But I

Spa Fields Do.

116 17 3 Tottenham Court Do.

146 14 0 will not detain you longer. I only remark,

St. Bride's Church

131 09 that I consider it as a high honour to be

Ston Chapel

116 10 connected in any measure with this Society.

Silver-street Do. And that, when the Angel of the covenant

37 10 3

85 00 shall descend to enlighten the earth with Orange-street Do. his glory--when we shall see how much the Total

1262 5 1

1.

28

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MISSIONARIES AT SERAM PORR.

MEMOIR

translated and published-the New TestaBELATIVE TO THE TRANSLATION OF THE ment, the Pentateuch, and the Historical SACRED SCRIPTURES, BY THL BAPTIST

Books. Two remain, the Hagiographa,

which is now put to press, and the Prophetic Very dear Brethren,

Books, the translation of which is nearly Both the season of the year, and the pre-finished. sent state of our funds, now call on us to In the Hindee language, the Historical lay before you the state of the Translations Books are printed off: three-fifths of the in which we are engaged. In doing this, whole Scriptures are therefore published in however, it does not seem necessary this this language. The Hagiographa is also year to particularize every translation in our put to press, and the Prophetic Books transhands : in some of them there can, of course, lated. It was mentioned in the last Memoirs have been but little progress made, as they that the second edition of the New Testaare chiefly in a state of preparation; while ment in this language was nearly finished: in others, which have been longer in hand, it is now in circulation. the progress made in printing has been In the Mahratta language, the Historical more rapid.

Books are nearly printed off: the Pentateuch It is now ten years since we matured the and the New Testament have been long in plan of giving the Scriptures in the various circulation. These five are the languages languages of India, taken in its widest sense, in which the Old Testament is most consias embracing China and the countries which derably advanced at press. After these, lie between that country and Bengal. In ranks the Shikh, in which the New Testathis, our object was not to act on the plan of ment is printed off, and the Pentateuch printexcluding others, but to secure, to the ut. ed nearly to the end of Exodus. most of our power, the accomplishment of In the Chinese, the Pentateuch is put to the work. At that time, indeed, there was press; but various circumstances have connot an individual within the verge of our curred to retard the printing. The method knowledge, who had engaged in the work; of printing with moveable types, being enand that others have since been excited to tirely new in that language, much time is engage in the same undertaking, we account necessarily requisite to bring it to a due declear gain to the cause. At the end of ten gree of perfection. The present type in years, it may not be improper to pause, and which we are printing, is the fourth in size take a review of what has been actually ac, which we have cut, each of which has suscomplished, as it may afford matter for gra- tained a gradual reduction. This last, in titude, and ground for encouragement, rela- which we are printing both the Pentateuch tive to what remains. What has been done and the Epistles, is so far reduced, that, will appear from the present state of the while a beautiful legibility is preserved, the different versions as they stand at press. whole of the Old Testament will be compri

In the course of the past year, the Penta- sed in little more than the size of an English teuch has been printed off in the Orissa lan- Octavo Bible, and the New Testament will guage. This fully completes that version of be brought into nearly the same number of the Scriptures, and thus the whole of the pages as an English New Testament. The Sacred Oracles are now published in two importance of this, in saving paper, and in of the languages of India, the Bengalec and rendering the Scriptures portable, appeared the Orissa.

such as to induce us to risk the delay which In the Sungskrit, the Historical Books would be unavoidably occasioned from every have been completed at press. In this an- character being cut anew both for the New cient language, therefore, the parent of and Old Testament. Another circumstance, nearly all the rest, three of the five parts into however, has added to the delay: while which we divide th Scriptures, are both' preparing these types, we put to press an

Elementary work in Chinese, under the others, types are prepared, and the Gospel name of “Clavis Sinica," which, when once of St. Matthew in the press. begun, it was requisite to finish. This work, Having thus given a brief view of the together with the text and a translation of present state of the various versions, relative the T'a-hyoh, a small Chinese work, added to both translating and printing, we now by way of appendix, forms a volume of more wish to lay before the public a few ideas than six hundred quarto pages. Before it respecting the various languages spoken in was fully completed, however, we were re- India, of which the present advanced state quested to print Brother Morrison's Grann- of the work has put us in possession, but mar; and this work it appeared desirable with which we were not fully acquainted at to finish also with as little delay as possible. the beginning of the work. The unavoidable employment of our Chi To those who examine, with a critical eye, nese types and workmen in printing these the languages of India already enumerated, Elementary works, which together exceed it will appear, that they form two classes; nine hundred pages, bas, of course, much those which owe their origin wholly to the retarded the printing of the Scriptures; but Sungskrit, and those which have a certain as the last of these works will be finished by affinity with the Chinese in its colloquial methe end of August, we hope in future to pro-dium, the only way, indeed, wherein any ceed in printing the Scriptures with little or language can be connected with the Chi. no interruption. This preparatory work, nese, as its written medium stands distinct however, if it has retarded the mere printing from every alphabetic language, its characof the Scriptures, has not been without its ters being formed on a totally different priaadvantages in improving the translation of ciple. The monosyllabic system, however, them. In this department much progress with its tones, and the peculiar pronunciahas been made: in addition to the New Tes- tion of the Chinese colloquial medium, tament, the translation of the Old is advan- known from its deficiency in certain sounds, sed nearly to the end of the propet Ezekiel. have evidently so affected certain languages

In the Telinga language, the New Testa- spoken near China, as to alter the sound of ment is more than half through the press. many letters of the alphabet, and to give In the Bruj also, the New Testament is the languages themselves a cast of so pecu. printed nearly to the end of the Epistle to liar a nature as cannot be accounted for the Romans.--Three of the four Gospels are without a reference to the Chinese system. finished in the Pushtoo or Afighan language, Such is the case in various degrees with the the Bulochce, and the Assamese.' Those in Siamese, the Burman, the Khassee, and the which St. Matthew is either finished or Tibet languages. That the Chinese lannearly so, are the Kurnata, the Kunkuna, guage had either originated, or greatly af. the Mooltanee, the Sindhee, the Kashmeer, fected, the languages in the vicinity of China, the Bikaneer, the Nepal, the Ooduypore, was more than suspected by us many years the Marawar, the Juypore, the Khassee, ago, as well as that a knowledge of Chinese and the Burman languages.

would throw much light on these languages; From this sketch, the present state of the which added to its own intrinsic value, in. Translations may easily be seen. It will duced us to determine on commencing the appear, that the whole of the Scriptures have study of this language, as early as thirteen been published in two of the languages of years ago. India; the New Testament, the Pentateuch But it is to those languages which owe and the Historical Books, in four ; the New their origin to the Sungskrit, a class by far Testament, and the Pentateuch, in five ; the the most numerous, that we would now call New Testament alone, in sir; four of the the attention of the public. To give the Gospels, in eight; and three of them in twelve Scriptures in these, after the acquisition of of the languages of India; while in twelte (the parent language, and one or tro of the

chief cognate branches, appeared, from the the Harutee, the Koshula, &c. languages, beginning, a work by no means involving the very names of which have scarcely insuperable difficulties; and our opinion re- reached Europe, but which have been relative to the importance of the object, and cognized as distinct languages, by the nathe certainty with which it can be accom- tives of India, almost from time immemorial. plished, is now by no means altered. But That these languages, though differing in our prosecution of it, we have found, that from each other only in their terminations our ideas relative to the number of langua- and a few of the words they contain, can ges which spring from the Sungskrit, were scarcely be termed dialects, will appear, if far from being accurate. The fact is, that we reflect, that there is in India no general in this point of view, India is to this day al- language current, of which they can be supmost an unexplored country. That eight posed to be dialects. The Sungskrit, the or nine branches had sprung from that grandparent of them all, is at present the current philological root, the Sungskrit, we well language of no country, though spoken by knew. But we imagined that the Tamul, the learned nearly throughout India. Its the Kurnata, the Telinga, the Guzrattee, the grammatical apparatus too, the most copious Orissa, the Bengalee, the Mahratta, the Pun- and complex perhaps on earth, is totally unjabee, and the Hindoostanee, comprised like that of any of its various branches. To nearly all the collateral branches springing term them dialects of the Hindee is preposfrom the Sungskrit language; and that all terous, when some of them, in their termithe rest were varieties of the Hindee, and nations, approach nearer the Bengalee than some of them, indeed, little better than jar- the Hindee, while others approximate more gons scarcely capable of conveying ideas. nearly to the Mahratta. The fact is, indeed,

But although we entered on our work that the latest and most exact researches with these ideas, we were ultimately con- have shown, that the Hindce has no country strained to relinquish them. First, one lan. which it can exclusively claim as its own. guage was found to differ widely from the Being the language of the Mussulman courts Hindee in point of termination, then another, and camps, it is spoken in those cities and and in so great a degree, that the idea of towns which have been formerly, or are their being dialects of the Hindee seemed now, the seat of Mussulman princes; and in scarcely tenable. Yet, while they were general by those Mussulmans who attend on found to possess terminations for the nouns the persons of European gentlemen in almost and verbs distinct from the Hindee, they every part of India. Hence, it is the lanwere found as complete as the Hindee itself; guage of which most Europeans get an idea and we at length perceived, that we might before any other, and which, indeed, in mawith as much propriety, term them dialects ny instances, terminates their philological of the Mahratta or the Bengalee language, researches. These circumstances have led as of the Hindee. In fact, we have ascer- to the supposition, that it is the language of tained, that there are more than twenty the greater part of Hindoostan; while the languages, composed, it is true, of nearly fact is, that it is not always understood the same words, and all equally related to among the common people at the distance the common parent, the Sungskrit, but each of only twenty miles from the great towns possessing a distinct set of terminations, and, in which it is spoken. These speak their therefore, having equal claims to the title of own vernacular language, in Bengal the distinct cognate languages. Among these, Bengalee, and in other countries that which we number the Juypore, the Bruj, the is appropriately the language of the country, Ooduypore, the Bikaneer, the Mooltanee, which may account for a circumstance well the Marawar, the Maguda (or South Bahar, known to those gentlemen who fill the judithe Sindh, the Mythil, the Wuch, the Kutch,cial department; namely, that the publish

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