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is; and from this springs the notion of decency or Some specious object by the foe suborn'd, indecency, that which becomes or misbecomes. And fall into deception unaware.
Miliona South Dece'ptious. adj. (from deceit.] DeSentiments which raise laughter can very seldom be admitted with any decency into an he
ceitful; apt to deceive.
Yet there is a credence in my heart,
That doth invert th' attest of eyes and ears; 3. Modesty ; not ribaldry; not obscenity: Immodest words admit of no defence;
As if those organs had deceptious functions,
Created only to calumniate. Shakspeare. For want of decency is want of sense. Roscom. DECE'PTIVE, adj. [from deceit.] Having DECE'NNIAL. adj. [from decennium, Lat.] the power of deceiving.
Dict. What continues for the space of ten
DECEPTORY. adj. [from deceit.] Conyears.
taining means of deceit.
Dict. DÉCENNO'VAL. adi. (decem and no- DECE’RPT. adj. [decerptus, Lat.] CropDECENNO'VARY:) vem, Lat.] Relating ped; taken off.
Dict. to the number nineteen.
DECE'RPTIBLE. adj. [decerpo, Lat.] That Meton, of old, in the time of the Peloponne- may be taken off.
Dict. sian war, constituted a decennoval circle, or of DECE’R PTION. n. s. [from decerpt.] The pineteen years; the same which we now call the golden number
act of cropping, or taking off. Seven inonths are retrenched in this whole de
DeCERTATION. 1. s. (decertatio, Lat.] A Cendary progress of the epacts, to reduce the contention ; a striving; a dispute. Dict. accounts of her motion and place to those of the DECE'SSION. n. s. [decessio, Latin.] A
Holder. departure; a going away. Dict. DE'CENT. adj. [decens, Latin.]
To DECHA'RM. v. a. [decharmer, Fr.) 1. Becoming ; fit; suitable.
To counteract a charm ; to disenchant. Since there inust be ornaments both in paint- Notwithstanding the help of physick, he was ing and poetry, if they are not necessary they suddenly cured by decharizing the witchcraft. must at least be decent; that is, in their due
Hardeg. place, and but moderately used. Dryder. To DECIDE. v. a. (decido, Latin.) 2. Grave; not gaudy; not ostentatious.
1. To fix the event of; to determine. Come, pensive nun, devout and pure,
Theday approach'd when fortune should decide Sober, stedfast, and demure! All in a robe of darkest grain
Th' important enterprize, and give the bride.
Dryden. Flowing with majestick train,
2. To determine a question or disputē. And sable stole of Cyprus lawn Over thy decent shoulders drawn. Milon.
In council oft, and oft in battle tried,
Betwixt thy master and the world decide. Granv. 3. Not wanton; not iinmodest.
Who shall decide when doctors disagree, DE'CENTLY. adr. (from decent.]
And soundest casuists doubt?. 1. In a proper manner; with suitable be- DE'CIDENCE. n. s. [d cidentia, Latin.] haviour; without meanness or ostenta
1. The quality of being shed, or of falling tion.
off. They could not decently refuse assistance to a
2. The act of falling away. person, who had punished those who had insult- Men observing the decidence of their horn, do ed their relation.
Broome. fall upon the conceit that it annually rotteth Perform'd what friendship, justice, truth, re- away, and successively reneweth again. Browa. quire;
DECI'DER, 11. s. [from decide.] What could he more, but decently retire? Swift. I. One who determines causes. 2. Without immodesty.
I cannot think that a jester or a monkey, a Past hope of safity, 't was his latest care, droil or a puppet, can be proper judges or deLike falling Cæsar, decently to die. Dryden. ciders of controversy.
Watts. DECEPTIBILITY. n. s. [from deceit.] The man is no ill decider in common cases of Liableness to be deceived.
property, where party is out of the question. Some errours are so fleshed in us, that they
Swift. maintain their interest upon the deceptibility of 2. One who determines quarrels. our decayed natures.
Glanville, DECEʻPTIBLE. adj. (from deceit.] Liable
DECIDUOUS. adj. [deciduus, Latin.]
Falling; not perennial; not lasting to be deceived; open to imposture;
through the year. subject to fraud.
In botany, the perianthium, or calyx, is deciThe first and father cause of common errour,
durous with the flower.
Quincy: is the common infirmity of human nature; of
DECIDUOUSNESS. n. s. [from deciduous.] whose deceptible condition, perhaps, there should not need any other eviction, than the frequent
Aptness to fall; quality of fading once errours we shall ourselves commit. Brown. a year.
Dict. DECEPTION. n. s. (deceptio, Latin.] DECIMAL. adj. (decimus, Latin.] NumI. The act or means of deceiving; cheat ; bered by ten; multiplied by ten. fraud; fallacy:
In the way we take now to name numbers by Being thus divided from truth in themselves,
millions of millions of millions, it is hard to go they are yet farther removed by evenierit de beyond eighteen, or, at most, four and twenty ception.
Brorun. decimal progressions, without confusion, Locke. All deception is a misapplying of those signs, To DE'CIMATE. v. a. (decimus, Latin.] which, by compact or institution, were made the
To tithe; to take the tenth. means of men's signifying or conveying their thoughts.
South. DECIMA'TION. 7. s. [froin decimate.] 2. The state of being deceived.
1. A tithing; a selection of every tenth Reason, not impossibly, may meet by lot or otherwise.
2. A selection by lot of every tenth soldier, power of argument or evidence to ter. in a general mutiny, for punishment. minate any difference, or settle an event. By decimation, and a tithed death,
Deci'sor y. adj. [from decide.] Able to
To DECK. v. a. (decken, Dutch.]
1. To cover; to overspread.
Ye mists and exhalations, ihat now rise Dryden.
From hill or steaming lake, dusky or grey, TO DECIPHER. v. a. (dechiffrer, Fr.]
In honour to the world's great Author rise! 1. To explain that which is written in
Whether to deck with clouds th' uncolour'd sky, ciphers: this is the common use.
Or wet the thirsty earth with falling shoxers Zelmane, that had the same character in her Rising or falling still advance his praise. Mitat. beart, could easily decipher it. Sidney. 2. To dress ; to array.
Assurance is writ in a private character; not to Sweet ornament! that decks a ching divine. be read, nor understood, but by the conscience,
Sbattu to which the spirit of God has vouchsafed to dea Long may'st thou live to wail thy children's
loss; 2. To unfold ; to unravel; to explain : And see another, as I see thee nok,
as, to decipher an ambiguous speech. Deck'd in thy rights, as thou art stall'd in nine! 3. To write out ; to mark down in cha.
She sets to work millions of spinning soms racters. Could I give you a lively representation of guilt
That in their green shops weave the smooth
hair'd silk, and horrour on this hand, and paint out eternal
'To deck her sons. wrath and decipher eternal vengeance on the other, then might I shew you the condition of a
3. To adorn; to embellish. sinner hearing himself denied by Christ. South.
. But direful, deadly black, both leaf and blood; Then were laws of necessity invented, that so
Fit to adorn the dead, and decé the dreary tool every particular' subject might find his principal
Now the dev with spangles deck'd the ground, pleasure deciphered unto him in the tables of his laws.
A sweeter spot of earth was never found. Dod.
The god shall to his vot'ries tell 4. To stamp; to characterize ; to mark.
Each conscious tear, each blushing grace,
That deck'd dear Eloisa's face.
1. The floor of a ship.
Her keel plows hell, DECI'sion. n. s. [from decide.]
And deck knocks heaven. Ben Javer. 1. Determination of a difference, or of a We have also raised our second decks, and ghea doubt.
more vent thereby to our ordnance, trying on The time approaches,
our nether overloop.
Rain That will with due decision make us know
If any, born and bred under deck, had What we shall say we have, and what we owe.
other information but what sense affords, he
Sbakspeare would be of opinion that the ship was e sable Pleasure and revenge
as a house.
Glemi. Have ears more deaf than adders, to the voice On high-rais'd decks the haughty Belçians ride, Of any true decision.
Sbakspeare. Beneath whose shade our humble frigates, The number of the undertakers, the worth of
Dryden some of them, and their zeal to bring the matter - At sun-set to their ship they make ratura, to a decision, are sure arguments of the dignity
And snore secure on decks till rosy morn. Das and importance of it.
Woodward. 2. Pack of cards piled regularly on each War'is a direct appeal to God for the decision
other. of some dispute which can by no other meaós Besides gems, many other sorts of stones se be determined.
Atterbury regularly figured: the amianthus, of patalk 2. -Determination of an event.
threads, as in the pile of veter; and the selentes, Their arms are to the last decision bent,
of parallel plates, as in a deck of cards Gress And fortune labours with the vast event. Dry. DE'CKER. n. s. [from deck.) A dresser i 3. It is used in Scotland for a narrative, one that apparels or adorns; a covere, or reports of the proceedings of the
as a table-decker. court of session there.
To DECLAIM. v. 1. (declamo, Latin) Deci'sive. adj. [from decide.]
To harangue ; to speak to the passions ; 1. Having the power of determining any to rhetoricate; to speak set orations. difference; conclusive.
What are his, mischiefs, consul? You bas Such a reflection, though it carries nothing Against his manners, and corrupt your own. perfectly decisive in it, yet creates a mighty con
Bes for fiderice in his breast, and strengthens him much The splendid declaimings of novices and mass in his opinion.
Atterbury. of heat. This they are ready to look upon as a deter- It is usual for masters to make their boys : mination on their side, and decisive of the con- claim on both sides of an argument. Sizin troversy between vice and virtue.
Rogers. Dress up all the virtues in the beauties of 2. Having the power of settling any event. oratory, and declaim aloud on the praise of good
For on th' event
DECLA’IMER. 17. s. [from declaim.] One The fate of kingdoms.
Philips. Decisively. adv. (from decisive.]
who makes speeches with intent to move In
the passions. a conclusive manner.
Your Salamander is a perpetual desies DECISIVENESS. N. s. [from decisive.) The against jealousy.
DECLAMA’TION. n. s. [declamatio, Lat.] To DECLARE. v. a. [declaro, Latin.]
A discourse addressed to the passions; 1. To clear; to free from obscurity. Not an harangue ; a set speech ; a piece of
in use. rhetorick.
To declare this a little, we must assume that The cause why declamations prevail so greatly
the surfaces of such bodies are exactly smooth. is, for that men suffer themselves to be de
Hooker. 2. To make known; to tell evidently and Thou mayest forgive his anger, while thou openly. makeșt use of the plainness of his declamation, It hath been declared unto me ci you, that Taylor. there are contentions among you.
1 Cor. DECLAMA'TOR, n. so [Latin.] A de
The sun by certain signs declares claimer; an orator; a rhetorician : sel
Both when the south projects a stormy day, dom used.
And when the clearing north will puff the clouds Who could, I say, hear this generous declama
Dryden's Virgil. tor, without being fired at his noble zeal? Tatler. 3. To publish; to proclaim. DECLAMATORY. adj. (declamatoritis,
Declare his glory among the heathen. 1 Chron.
4. To show in open view; to show an Latin.] 1. Relating to the practice of declaiming;
opinion in plain terms.
in Cæsar's army somewhat the soldiers would pertaining to declamation ; treated in
have had; yet they would not declare themselves the manner of a rhetorician.
in it, but only demanded a discharge. Bacon, This awhile suspended his interment, and be- We are a considerable body, who, upon a procame a declamatory theme amongst the religious per occasion, would not fail to declare ourselves. Wotton
Addison, 2. Appealing to the passions.
To DECLA'R E. V. n. To make a declaraHe has run himself into his own declamatory tion; to proclaim some resolution or way, and almost forgotten that he was now set
opinion, or favour or opposition : with ting up for a moral poet.
Dryden. DECLA'R ABLE. adj. [from declare.] Ca
for or against.
The internal faculties of will and understanding pable of proof.
decreeing and declaring against them. Taylor. This is declarable from the best writers. Brown.
God is said not to have left himself without DECLARA'TION. N. s. [from declare.] witness in the world; there being something 1. A proclamation or affirmation ; open fixed in the pature of men, that will be sure to expression ; publication.
testify and declare for him.
Soutb's Sermons. His promises are nothing else but declarations Like fawning courtiers, for success they wait; what God will do for the good of men. Hooker, And then come smiling, and declare for fate. Though wit and learning are certain and habi.
Dryden. tual perfections of the mind, yet the declaration DECLA'REMENT. n. s. [from declare.] of them, which alone brings the repute, is sub- Discovery: declaration testimony. ject to a thousand hazards.
Crystal will calefy into electricity; that is, There are no where so plain and full declara
into a power to attract straws, or light bodies; tions of mercy and love to the sons of men, as
and convert the needle freely placed: which is a are made in the gospel.
declaremnext of very different parts. Brown. 2. An explanation of something doubtful.
DECLARER. n. s. [from declare.) A Obsolete.
proclaimer; one that makes any thing 3. [In law.] Declaration declaratio) is
known. properly the shewing forth; or laying DECLENSION. n. s. (declinatio, Lat.] out, of an action personal in any suit,
1. Tendency from a greater to a less dethough it is used sometimes for both
Cowell. personal and real actions.
gree of excellence.
A beauty-waining and distressed widow, DECLA'R ATIVE. adj. [from declare.] Mak- Ev’n in the afternoon of her best days, ing declaration ; explanatory.
Seduc'd the pitch and height of all his thoughts The names of things should be always taken To base declension. Sbakspeare's Rich. II, from something observably declarative of their
Take the picture of a man in the greenness and form or nature.
Grew. vivacity of his youth, and in the latter date and 2. Making proclamation.
declension of his drooping years, and you will To this we may add the vox populi, so declara
scarce know it to belong to the same person. tive on the same side. Swift.
Soutb's Sermonse DECLARATORILY. adv. [from declara- 2. Declination ; descent. tory.] In the form of a declaration; not We may reasonably allow as much for the de
clension of the land from that place to the sea, as in a decretory form.
for the immediate height of che mountain. Andreas Alciatus the civilian, and Franciscus
Burnet's Theory. de Cordua, have both declaratorily confirmed the same. Brorun's Vulgar Errours. 3. Inflection; manner of changing nouns.
Declension is only the variation or change of DECLARATORY.adj. [from declare. ] Af
the termination of a noun, whilst it continues to firmative; expressive ; not decretory;
signify the same thing. thing before promised or decreed. Thus, DECLI'NABLE. adj. (from decline. Ham.
ing variety of terminations ; as, a dea a declaratory law is a new act.confirma
clinable noun. ing a former law.
DECLINA'TION. n. s. (declinatio, Lat.) These blessings are not only declaratory of the
1. Descent; change from a better to a good pleasure and intention of God towards them, but likewise of the natural tendency of worse state; diminution of vigour; de. the thing.
The queen, hearing of the declination of a Sometimes nations will decline so los monarchy, took it so ill, as she would never From virtue, which is reason, that no wosz, after hear of his suit.
Bacon. But justice, and some fatal curse annex'd, 'Two general motions all animations have, that Deprives them of their outward liberty. Miltu. is, their beginning and increase; and two more,
That empire must decline, that is, their state and declination. Brown. Whose chief support and sinews are of cois.
Hope waits upon the How'ry prime;
And nature, which all acts of life designs,
Not, like ill poets
, in the last declincs. Drake, Of declination or decay.
Waller. Thus then my lov'd Euryalus appears; 2. The act of bending down: as, a declina
He looks the prop of my diclining years! Dryd. tion of the head.
Autumnal warmth declines; 3. Variation from rectitude ; oblique mo
Ére heat is quite decay'd, or cold begun. Dogte tion ; obliquity.
Faith and morality are declined among us.
. Supposing there were a declination of atoms, God, in his wisdom, hath been pleased to load yet will it not effect what they intend; for then our declining years with many sufferings, # they do all decline, and so there will be no more diseases, and decays of nature. S3:14 concourse than if they did perpendicularly de- To DECLINE. v. 0. scend.
Ray. This declination of atoms in their descent was
1. To bend downward ; to bring down. itself either necessary or voluntary. Bentley
And now fair Phæbu's 'gan decline in haste 4. Deviation from moral rectitude.
His weary waggon to the western vale. Sivuiet.
And leaves the semblance of a lorer, tiit That a peccant creature should disapprove and In melancholy deep, with head decin'd, repent of every declination and violation of the
And love-dejected eyes. rules of just and honest; this right reacon, dis- 2. To shun; to avoid ; to refuse; to be coursing upon the stock of its own principles,
cautious of. could not but infer.
He had wisely declined titat argument, though s. Variation from a fixed point.
in their common sernions they gave it. Clarender. There is no declination of latitude, nor varia- Since the muses do invoke my pow's, tion of the clevation of the pole, notwithstanding I shall no more deline that sacred bow's, what some have asserted.
Woodward. Where Gloriana, theirgreat mistress, lies:Wallr. 6. [In navigation.] The variation of the Though I the business did decline, needle from the direction to north and
Yet I contriv'd the whole design,
And sent them their petition. south,
If it should be said that minute bodies are i 7. (In astronomy.] The declination of a
dissoluble because it is their nature to be so, that star, we call its shortest distance from would not be to render a reason of the thing picthe equator.
Brown. posed, but, in effect, to dedine rendering any. 8. [In gram.nar.] The declension or in
Could Caroline have been captivated with tile flection of a noun through its various
glories of this world, she had them all laid betwe terminations.
her; but slie generously dedined them, becue 9. DECLINATION of a Plane [in dialling]
she saw the acceptance of them was inconsistent is an arch of the horizon, comprehended
with religion. either between the plane and the prime
Whatever they judged to be most agreeables vertical circle, if accounted from the
disagreeable, they would pursue or decline.
Atterberi. east or west ; or else between the meridian and the plane, if accounted from
3. To modify a word by various termina
tions; to inflect. the north or south.
You decline musa, and construe Latin, by the DECLINA’Tor. n. s. [from decline.]
help of a tutor, or with some English trangia DECII'NATORY. I An instrument in di- tion. alling, by which the declination, reclina.
DECLI'NE. 7.s.[from the verb.] The state tion, and inclination of planes are deter
of tendency to the less or the worse; mined.
Chambers. diminution; decay. Contrary to 17" There are several ways to know the several planes; but the readiest is by an instrument
Thy rise of fortune did I only wed,
DECLIVITY. 7. s. (declivis, Lat.) le-
kisses, And with declining head into his bosom,
Bid him shed tears, as being overjoy'd. Shaksp. clivity. 2. To deviate ; to run into obliquities.
Neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after
crease, improvement, or elevation. From its decline determind to recede. Prin
Those fathers lived in the decise of literatur?.
W mod TO DE
2. Το pou tof
N. mak tinn .. W
clination or obliquity reckoned Powi-
many, to wrest judgment. Exodus. 3. To shun; to avoid to do any thing. 4. To sink; to be impaired; to decay.
Opposed to improvement or exaltation. father should be as a ward to the son.. Sbaksp.
Sons at perfect age, and fathers declining, the DeclI'vous, adj. , declic'is, Lat.] Grade
They 'll be by th' fire, and presume to know What's done i''th' capitol; who's like to rise, Who thrives, and who declines. Sbakspeare,
To DECOʻCT. v. a. (decoquo, decoctum, the intercepted colours be let pass, they will fall Latin.]
upon this compounded orange, and, together 1. To prepare by boiling for any use ; to
with it, decompound a white.
2. To resolve a compound into simple digest in hot water. Sena loseth its windiness by decocting ; and
parts. This is a sense that has of late subtile or windy spirits are taken off by incension
crept irregularly into chymical books. or evaporation.
Bacon. DecoMPOʻUND. adj. (from the verb.) 2. To digest by the heat of the stomach. Composed of things or words already
There she decocts, and doth the food prepare; compounded ; compounded a second There she distributes it to every vein;
time. There she expels what she may fitly spare. Davies,
The pretended salts and sulphur are so far 3. To boil in water, so as to draw the
from being elementary parts extracted out of the strength or virtue of any thing.
body of mercury, that they are rather, to borrow The longer malt or herbs are decocted in liquor, a terna of the grammarians, decompound bodies, the clearer it is.
Bacon. made up of the whole metal and the menstruum, 4. To boil up toa consistence; to strength- or other additaments employed to disguise it. en or invigorate by boiling : this is no
Nobody should use any compound or decomproper use. Can soddep water, their barley broth,
pound of the substantial verbs. Arbutó. and Pope. Decoct their cold blood to such valiant heat?Shak. DE'COR AMENT. n.s. (from decorate.] OrDeco'CTIBLE. adj. [from decoct.) That nament; embellishment.,
Dict. may be boiled, or prepared by boiling. To DE'CORATE. v.a. (decoro, Lat.) To
Dict.. adorn; to embellish; to beautify. Deco'CTION. n. so (decoctum, Lat.] DECORATION. n. s. [from decorate.] Or. 1. The act of boiling any thing, to extract nament; embellishment; added beauty. its virtues.
The ensigns of virtues contribute to the ornaIn infusion the longer it is, the greater is the ment of figures; such as the decorations belongpart of the gross body that goeth into the liquor;
ing to the liberal arts, and to war, Dryden. but in decoction though more goeth forth, yet it This helm and heavy buckler I can spare, either purgeth at the top, or settleth at the bot- As only decorations of the war : tom.
Bacon. So Mars is arm'd for glory, not for need. Dryd. The lineaments of a white lily will remain · DECORATOR. n. s. [from decorate.] Án after the strongest decoction. Arbuthnot,
adorner; an embellisher. 2. A preparation made by boiling in water. Deco'rous. adj. [decorus, Lát.] Decent;
Dict. They distil their husbands land
suitable to a character; becoming; proIn decoctions ; and are mann'd With ten emp'rics, in their chamber
per; befitting ; seemly. Lying for the spirit of amber.
Ben Jonson. It is not so decorous, in respect of God, that If the plant be boiled in water, the strained li- he should immediately do all the meanest and quor is called the decoction of the plant. Arbuth. triflingest things himself, without any inieriour DECO'CTURE, n. s. [from decoct.] A sub
or subordinate minister.
Ray. stance drawn by decoction.
TO DECO'RTICATE. v. a. [decortico, DECOLLATION. n. s. [decollatio, Latin.] Lat.) To divest of the bark or husk; to The act of beheading:
husk; to peel; to strip: He, by a decollation of all hope, annihilated his
Take great barley, dried and decorticated, mercy: this, by an immoderancy thereof, de- after it is well washed, and boil it in water. stroyed his justice. Brorun,
Arbuthnos. DECOM FO'SITE. adj. [decompositus, Lat.] Decorticaʼtion. 1. s. [from decort).
Compounded a second time; compound- cate.] The act of stripping the bark or ed with things already composite.
husk. Decomposites of three metals, or more, are too DECO'RUM. n. s. [Latin.] Decency ; belang to inquire of, except there be some compo
haviour con:rary to licentiousness, consitions of them already observed. Bacon. DECOMPOSI'tion. n. s. [decompositus,
trary to levity ; seemliness.
If your master Lat.] The act of compounding things Would have a queen his beggar, you must tell already compounded.
him We consider what happens in the compositions That majesty, to keep decorum, must and decompositions of saline particles. Boyle. No less beg than a kingdom. Shakspeare. TO DECOMPO’UND. v. a. (decompono, I am far from suspecting simplicity, which is Latin.]
bold to trespass in points of decorum.
Beyond the fix'd and settled rules 1. To compose of things already com
Of vice and virtue in the schools, pounded; to compound a second time;
The better sort shall set before 'em to form by a second composition.
A grace, a manner, a decorum.
Prior. Nature herself doth in the bowels of the earth
Gentlemen of the army should be, at least, make decompounded bodies; as we see in vitriol,
obliged to external decorun : a protrigate lito and cinnabar, and even in sulphur itself. Boyle. character should not be a means of advancement. When a word stands for a very complex idea,
Swift. that is compounded and decompounded, it is not He kept with princes due decorum, easy for men to form and retain that idea exactly. Yet never stood in awe before 'em. Strift.
Locke. If the violet, blue, and green be intercepted, To DECOʻY. v. a. (from koey, Dutch, a the remaining yellow, orange, and red, will com- cage.) To lure into a cage; to entrap; pound upon the paper an orange; and then, if
to draw into a snare. VOL. I.