« VorigeDoorgaan »
There have been terrible years, dearths of corn, and every place is strewed with beggars;
Oft, as in airy wings they skim the heath, but deartbs are common in better clinates, and
The clam'rous lapwings feel the leaden death. our evils here lie much deeper.
Populi 2. Want; need; famine.
Swift. 10. (In theology.] Damnation ; eternal
We pray that God will keep us from all sa
and wickedness, from our ghostly enemy, and
from everlasting death, Church Catebum.
Millon. DE'ATHBED. 1. s. [death and bed.] The 3; Barrenness; sterility,
bed to which a man is confined by
Thou art on thy death-bid. Sbakpeare.
Thy death-bed is no lesser than the land çulus, Latin.] To disjoint; to dismem
Wherein thou liest in reputation sick. Sbekta ber.
These are such things as a man shall receti.
Dict. ber with joy upon his death-bed; such as shall DEATH. n. S.
chear and warm his heart, even in that last an! .[bea>, Saxon.]
Soutb': Sereitai 1. The extinction of life; the departure of the soul from the body.
Then round our deatb-bed ev'ry friend should
run, He is the mediator of the New Testament; And joy us of ous conquest early won. Dril. that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions, they which are called might
A death-bed figure is certainly the most hurr.
bling sight in the world, receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
A death-bed repentance ought not indeed to
be neglected, because it is the last thing that ez
Fame can never make us lie down conter
edly on a deatb-bed.
He must his acts reveal,
of slaughter; destructive ; murdero's
. To his last hour of unrepenting death. Dryd. Your cruelty was such, as you would spare
SENT. 2. Mortality; destruction.
his life for many deathful torments.
Time itself, under the deathfil shade of these
wings all things wither, hath wasted that lirely To trade and traffick with Macbeth
virtue of nature in man, and beasts, and plants. In riddles and affairs of death? Shakspeare.
Raleirt. 3. The state of the dead.
Blood, death, and deathful deeds, are in that
noise; Their drenched natures lie, as in a death. Shak.
Ruin, destruction, at the utmost point Milua. 4. The manner of dying.
These cyes behold
The deathful scene; princes on princes roll'd. slain in the midst of the seas.
Ezekiel. 5. The image of mortality represented
DE'ATHLESS. adj. [from death.] Immorby a skeleton.
tal; neverdying; everlasting, I had rather be married to a death's head, with
God hath only immortality, though angels and
human souls be deathless. a bone in his niouth, than to either of these.
Their temples wreath'd with leaves, that still
For deathle;s laurel is the victor's duc. Dr.
Faith and hope themselves shall die,
Prot From that fresh upper skin,
While deathless charity remains. The gazer's joy, and sin.
DE'Atalike.adi. (death and like.] Re. 6. Murder; the act of destroying life un
sembling death ; still ; gloony; molawfully.
tionless; placid, calm; peaceful; unAs in manifesting the sweet influence of his
disturbed; resembling either the har mercy, on the scere stroke of his justice; so in
rours or the quietness of death. this, not to suffer a man of death to live. Bacon.
Why dost thou let thy brave soul lie supprest 7. Cause of death.
In deathlike slumbers, while thy dangers crave They cried out, and said, O thou man of God,
A waking eye and hand? there is death in the pot!
Kints. He caught his death the last county-sessions, where he would go to see justice done to a poor widow woman.
Addison. 8. Destroyer.
A deatblike silence, and a dread repose. People Hector, and be the death of him, is the stringue DEATH'S DOOR. (death and door. Autor which comprehends the battle of the last day.
Broome's View of Epic Poetry. 9. [In poetry.] The instrument of death.
Truhne da. It is now a low phrase: Deatbs invisible come wing'd with fire;
I myself knew a person of great sanctits, the
was afflicted to death's-deer with a vomiting. They hear a dreadful noise, and straight expire. Sounded at once the bow, and swiftly flies
There was a poor young woms, that he The feather's death, and hisses thro' the skies.
broright herself even to deato's-doar with grief
for her sick liusband, Dryden. DE'ATHSMAN, %. S. [death and mas.
1 To 1.
A deathlik, sleep'.
On seas, on earth, and all that in them duell,
approach to death; the gates of death,
Tüylor's Wortby Communicat
Executioner; hangman; headsman; he terated and Jebased in the times and troubles of that executes the sentence of death. king Stephen
Hala He's dead; I'm only sorry
Words so debas'd and hard, no stone He had no other deathsman. Sbakspeare.
Was hard enough to touch them on. Hudibras. As deathsmen you have rid this sweet young
DEB A'S EMENT. n. s. [from debase.] The prince.
Sbakspeare. act of debasing or degrading ; degraDE'ATHWATCH. . s. [death and watch.] dation.
An insect that makes a tinkling noise It is a wretched debasement of that sprightly like that of a watch, and is superstiti.
faculty, the tongue, thus to be inade the intera ously imagined to prognosticate death. preter to a goat or boar.
Gov. of the Tongue. The solemn deathraich click'd the hour she DEBA'SER. n. 5. (from debase.] He that dicd.
debases; he that adulterates; he that We learn to presage approaching death in a degrades another; he that sinks the vafamily by raveris, and little worms which we lue of things, or destroys the dignity of therefore call a deathwatch.
Watts. Misers are muckworms, silkworms beaus,
persons. And deatbrvatches physicians. , Popes
DE BA'T ABLE. adj. [from debate.) DisTO DEA'URATE. v.a. [deauro, Lat.]
putable ; subject to controversy.
The French requested, that the debatable To gild or cover with gold. Dict. ground, and the Scottish hostages, might be reDeauna'tion. %.so (from deaurate.]
stored to the Scots.
Huyward. The act of gilding.
DEBA'TE. 1. s. [debat, French.] DEBACCHA'TION.n. s. [debacchatio, Lat.)
1. A personal dispute ; a controversy.
A way that men ordinarily use, to force others A raging; a madness.
to subinit to their judgments, and receive their To DEBA'R. v. a. [from bar.] To ex- opinion in debate, is to require the adversary to clude ; to preclude; to shut out from admit what they allege as a proof, or to assign a
Locke, any thing ; to hinder. The same boats and the same buildings are
It is to diffuse a light over the understanding, found in countries debarred from all commerce
in our enquiries after truth, and not to furnish by unpassable mountains, lakes, and deserts. the tongue with debate and controversy. Watts.
Raleigh's Essays. 2. A quarrel; a contest: it is not now Not so strictly hath our Lord impos'd
used of hostile contest. Labour, as to debar us when we need
Now, lords, if heav'n dorla give successful end Refreshment; whether food, or talk between, To this debute that bleedeth at our doors, Food of the mind.
Milion. We will our youth lead on to higher tields, Civility, intended to make us casy, is em- And draw no swords but what are sanctified. ployed in laying chains and fetters upon us, in
Shakspeare. debarring us of our wishes, and in crossing our "Tis thine to ruin realms, o'erturn a state; most reasonable desires.
Swift. Betwixt the dearest friends to raise debate. Dry. To De Ba'r B. v. a. [from de and barba, To DEBA'TE. v.a. [debattre, French.) To Lat.) To deprive of his beard.
controvert; to dispute; to contest. To DEBA'R K. v. a. [debarquer, French.] Debate thy cause with thy neighbour himself, To disembark.
and discover not a secret to another. Proverbs. To DEBA'SE. v. a. (from base.]
He could not debate any thing without some
commotion, even when the argument was not of 1. To reduce from a higher to a lower
TO DEBA'TE, V.n. Homer intended to teach, that pleasure and
Broome. sensuality debase men into heasts.
1. To deliberate.
Your sev'ral suits As much as you raise silver, you debase gold :
Have been consider'd and debated on. for they are in the condition of two things put
Shoks. in opposite scales; as much as the one rises,
2. To dispute. the other falls.
Locke. He presents that great soul debating upon the 2. To make mean ; to sink into mean
subject of life and death with his intimate friends.
Tatler. ness; to make despicable ; to degrade. DE BA’TEFUL. adj. (from debate.]
It is a kind of taking God's name in vain, to deb.ise religion with sucli frivolous disputes.
1. [Of persons.] Quarrelsome ; conten
Hooker. tious. A man of large possessions has not leisure to 2. [Of things.] Contested ; occasioning consider of every slight expence, and will not quarrels. debase himself to the management of every trifle.
DEBA'TEMENT. n. s. [from debate.] Con. Restraining others, yet himself not free; troversy ; deliberatior. Made impotent by pow'r, delas'd by dignity.
Without debatement further, more or less, Dryden.
He should the bearers put to sudden death. 3. To sink; to vitiate with meanness.
Shakspeare. He ought to be careful of not letting his sub
DEBA'TER. 1, s. [from debatę.] A disject debasc his style, and betray hiın into a mean- putant: a controvertist. ness of expression.
Addison. TO DEBA'UCH. v. a. [debaucher, Fr. Hunting after arguments to make good one debacchari, Lat.] side of a question, and wholly to refuse those which favour the other, is so far from giving
1. To corrupt; to vitiate.
A man must have got his conscience thotruth its true value, that it wholly debases it.
roughly debauched and hardened, before he can Locke. arrive to the height of sin
South. 1. To adulterate; to lessen in value by This it is to counsel things that are unjust; base admixtures.
first to dehauch a king to break his laws, and He reformed the coin, which was much adul- then to seek protection.
2. To corrupt with lewdness.
To weaken ; to make faint; to enter.
In the lust of the eye, the lust of the flesh, and
the pride of life, they seemed as weakly to ful That this our court, infected with their manners, as their debilitated posterity ever after. Brera Shews like a riotous inn.
Sbakspeare. The spirits being rendered languid, are 3. To corrupt by intemperance.
pable of purifying the blood, ană de biliardia No man's reason did ever dictate to him that attracting nutriment. Harvey or Cenas it is reasonable for him to debaucb himself by in- DEBILITATION. 1. s. (from debilitatio
, temperance and brutish sensuality. Tillotson. Latin.] The act of weakening., De B A'UCH. n. s. [from the verb.]
The weakness cannot return any thing di 1. A fit of intemperance.
strength, honour, or safety, to the head; but a He will for some time contain himself within debilitation and ruin. the bounds of sobriety; till within a little while DEBI’LITY. 1. s. (debilitas, Lat.) Weak. he recovers his former debauch, and is well again, and then his appetite returns.
ness; feebleness; languour; faintrics ;
Calamy. 2. Luxury; excess; lewdness.
imbecility The first playsicians by debauch were made ;
Methinks I am partaker of thy passion, Excess began, and sloth sustains, the trade. Dry.
And in thy case do glass mine own debility.
Sider DEBAUCHE'E. nis. [from debauché, Fr.]
Aliment too vaporous or perspirable will subA lecher; a drunkard ; a man given to
ject it to the inconveniencies of too strong a pete intemperance.
spiration; which are debility, faintness, and so
Elegant; civil;, well-bred; gentle ; their judgments.
Souib. complaisant. Obsolete. DEB A'UCHER. n. s. (from debaucho] One Crying, Let be that lady debonair, who seduces others to intemperance or
Thou recreant knight; and soon thyself prepare
To battle, if thou mean her love to gain. Spears lewdness; a corrupter.
Zephyr met her once a-maying ; DEBA'UCHERY. 17. s. [from debauch.)
Fill'd her with thee, a daughter fair,
Mikts, The practice of excess; intemperance;
So buxom, blithe, and debonair
The nature of the one is debesair and accut.
able, of the other retired and superciliow; the
one quick and sprightful, the other sloss and
Howl's Peal Forest
And she, that was not only passing fair, These magistrates, instead of lessening enor- But was withal discreet and debonais, mities, occasion just twice as much debaucbery as Resolv'd the passive doctrine to fulfil. Dryeta
there would be without them. DEBA'UCHMENT. n. s. [from debauch.)
. DEBONA'IRLY. adv. [from deberair.] The act of debauching or vitiating; DEBI. n. š. (debitun, Latin; dette, Fr.
Elegantly; with a genteel air. corruption.
1. That which one man owes to another. They told them ancient stories of the ravishment of chaste maidens, or the debauchment of
There was one that died greatly in let nations, or the extreme poverty of learned per
Well, says one, if he be gone, then he bath ar
ried five hundred ducats of mine with him into sons. Taylor's Rule of Living Holy. the other world.
Bacon's Apapbtbiznis v. a. [debello, Lat.) The debt of ten thousand talents, which the To conquer; to
servant owed the king, was no slight ordinary overcome in war. Not in use. It doth notably set forth the consent of all na
To this great loss a sea of tears is due;
But the whole debt not to be paid by you. #4. tions and ages, in the approbation of the extirpating and debellating of giants, monsters, and
Swift, a thousand pounds in debt,
Takes horse, and in a mighty fret foreign tyrants, not only as lawful, but as meri
Rides day and night. torious even of divine honour.
2. That which any one is obliged to do ar Thou didst debel, and down from heaven cast
suffer. With all his army.
Milton. DEBELLA'TION, n. s. [from debellatio,
He only liv'd but till he was a man,
But like a man he died.
DE'BTED. part. (from debt. To DEBT
DE'Etor, n. s. [debitor, Latin.) claim, Have desperate debentures on your fame; And little would be left you, I 'm afraid, If all your debts to Greece, and Rome were paid:
Svift. DE'bile. adj. [debilis, Latin.] Weak;
2. One that owes money.
And thankfully rest debtor for the first. Sel
Of debtor, straight his body to the touch
Sbakspeare: To DEBI’LITATE. v. a. (debilito, Lat.)
Your son, my lord, has paid a soldier'shetty
is not found.] Indebted ; obliged to
Which do amount to three odd ducats madre
1. He that owes something to another.
I am a debtor both to the Greeks and to the
I'll bring your latter hazard back again,
If he his ample palm
There died my father, no man's debtor; To Deca'y. v. a. To impair; to bring And there I'll die, nor worse nor better. Pope,
to decay. The case of debtors in Rome, for the first four centuries, was, after the set time for payment,
Infirmity, that decays the wise, doth ever make hetter the fool.
Shakspeare. nu choice but either to pay, or be the creditor's
Cut off a stock of a tree; and lay that which slave.
you cut off to putrefy, to see whether it will de3. One side of an account-book.
Bacon. When I look upon the debtor side, I find such He was of a very small and decayed fortune, innumerable articles, that I want arithmetick
and of no good education,
Clarendon, to cast them up; but when I look upon the cre- Decay'd by time and wars, they only prove ditor side, I find little more than blank paper. Their former beauty by your former love. Addison.
Dryden. DEBULLITION. n. s. [debullitio, Latin.] In Spain our springs, like old men's children, A bubbling or seething over. Dict.
be DECACU'MINATED. adj. [decacuminatus,
Decay'd and wither’d from their infancy. Dryd.
It so ordered, that almost every thing which Lat.] Having the top or point cut off.
corrupts the soul decays the body. Addison,
Deca’y. n. s. (from the verb.] DECA'DE. N. s. [dixrc; decas, Latin.] The
1. Decline from the state of perfection; sum of ten; a number containing ten.
state of depravation or diminution. Men were not only out in the number of
What comfort to this great decay may come, some days, the latitude of a few years, but
Shall be applied.
Sbakspears. might be wide by whole olympiads, and divers
She has been a fine lady, and paints and hides decades of years. Brown's Vulgar Errours.
Her decays very well.
Ben Jonson. We make cycles and periods of years; as And those decays. to speak the naked truth, decades, centuries, and chiliads ; chiefly for the
Through the defects of age, were crimes of use of computations in history, chronology, and
Holder on Time.
By reason of the tenacity of fluids, and at. All rank'd by ten; whole decades, when they
trition of their parts, and the weakness of elasdine,
ticity in solids, motion is much more apt to be Must want a Trojan slave to pour the wine.
lost than got, and is always upon the decay. Pope.
Newton. DE'CADENCY. n. s. (decadence, French.] Each may feel increases and decays, Decay; fall.
And see now clearer and now darker days. Pope. DE'CAGON. N. s. [from Sure, ten, and Taught, half by reason, half by mere decay,
To welcome death, and calmly pass away. youlce, a corner.] A plain figure in geometry, having ten sides and angles.
Pope. De'caLogue. n. s. [Isrce moyo.] The
2. The effects of diminution; the marks
of decay. ten commandments given by God to
They think, that whatever is called old must Moses.
have the decay of time upon it, and truth too The commandments of God are clearly re- were liable to mould and rottenness. Locke. vealed both in the decalogue and other parts of
3. Declension from prosperity. sacred writ.
And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen TO DECAʼMP. v. n. [decamper, French.)
in decay with thee, then thou shalt relieve him. To shift the camp ; to move off.
Leviticus. DECAʼMPMENT.n. s. [from decamp.] The
I am the very man act of shifting the camp.
That, from your first of difference and decay,
Have follow'd your sad steps. TO DECA'NT. v. a. (decanto, Lat. de
4. The cause of decline. canter, Fr.] To pour off gently by in.
He that seeketh to he eminent amongst able clination.
med, hath a great task; but that is ever good for Take agua fortis, and dissolve in it ordinary
the publick: but he that plots to be the only coined silver, and pour the coloured solution
figure among cyphers, is the decay of a whole into twelve times as inuch fair water, and then
Bacon, decant or filtrate the mixture that it may be very clear.
DE CA'YER. n. s. [from decay.] That They attend him daily as their chief,
which causes decay. Decant his wine, and carve his beef. Swift.
Your water is a sore decayer of your whoreson DECANTATION. 1. s. [decantation, Fr.]
Sbakspeare's Hamlet. The act of decanting or pouring off DECE'ASE. n. s. [decessus, Lat.] Death; clear.
departure from life. DeCA'NTER. n. s. [from decant.) A glass Lands are by human law, in some places, af
ter the owner's decease, divided unto all his childvessel made for po ng off liquor clear
ren; in some, all descendeth to the eldest son. from the lees.
Hooker. TO DECA'PITATE. v. a. (decapito, Lat.) To Dece'ASE. v. n. [decedo, Latin.] To To behead.
die; to depart from life. To DECAY. v. n. (decheoir, Fr. from de
He tells us Arthur is deceas'd to-night. Shak. and cadere, Latin.) To lose excellence;
You shall die to decline from the state of perfection ; Twice now, where others, that mortality to be gradually impaired.
In her fair arms holds, shall but once decease. The monarch oak,
Chapman. Three centuries he grows, and three he stays
His latest victories still thickest came, Supreme in state, and in three more decays. As, near the centre, motion doth increase;
Till he, press'd down by his own weighty name, The garlands fade, the vows are worn away;
Did, like the vestal, under spoils decease. Dryden. So dies her love, and so my hopes decay. Pope, DECEIT. n. so deceptio, Latin.]
1. Fraud; a cheat; a fallacy; any prac
They rais'da fechle cry with trembling notes, tice by which salsehood is made to pass
But the weak voice deceiv'd their gasping threats
5. To deprive by fraud or stealth. tongue utter deceita
Wine is to be forborne in consumptions; for 2. Stratagem ; artifice.
that the spirits of the wine prey on the visi His demand
juice of the body, interconimon with the spunt Springs not from Edward's well-:neant honest
of the body, and so deceive and rob them of their love,
Bate. But from decuit bred by necessity. Sbakspeare.
Plant fruit-trees in large borders; and set 3. (In law.] A subtile wily shift or de
therein fiue flowers, but thin and sparingly lest vice; all manner of craft, subtilty, guile, DECE'IVER. 7.5. (from dereive.] One that
they deceive the trees.
Bacon fraud, wiliness, sleightness, cunning, covin, collusion, practice, and offence,
leads another into errour; a cheat. used to deceive another man by any
Sigh no more, ladies, sigh no more;
Mes were deceivers ever: means, which hath no other proper or One foot in sea, and one on shore;
particular name but offence. Cowell. To one thing constant never. Siakapore Dece'iTFUL. adj. (deccit and fill.] Frau
As for Perkin's dismission out of France, they dulcnt ; full of deceit.
interpreted it not as if he were detected for i I grant liim bloody,
counterfeit deceiver. Luxuricus, avaricious, false, deceitful. Sbatsp.
'Those voices, actions, or gestures, which mea The lovely young Lavinia once had friends,
have not by any compact agreed to make the inAnd fortune smild, deceitful, on her birth.
struments of conveying their thoughts one to Thoms017.
another, are not the proper instruments of de DECEʻITFULLY. adv. [from deceilful.]
ceiving, so as to denominate the person main
It is to be admired how any deceiver an be a
form may be deceitfully dispatched weak to foretel things near at hand, when a very .! Of course.
Wotton. few months must of necessity discover the 1 DECEʻITFULNESS. 11. s. [from deceitful.]
Seeft. The quality of being fraudulent; ten
Adieu the heart-expanding howl,
And all the kind deceitiers of the soul! Pep. dency to deceive.
The care of this world, and the deceitfulness of DECEMBER. 1. s. [December, Lat.) The riches, choke the word, and he becometh un- last month of the year; but named fruitful,
Mattbew. december, or the tenth month, when the Dece'IVABLE. adj. [from deceive.]
year began in March. 1. Subject to fraud; exposed to imposture.
Men are April when they woo, and Drea Man was not only deceivable in his integrity,
ber when they wed. Sbakspeare's As you like it. but the angels of light in all their clarity. Brorun.
What should we speak of How would thou use me now, blind, and
When we are old as you? When we shall her thereby
The rain and wind beat dark December. Skala Deceivable, in most things as a child
DECE'31 PEDAL. adj. [from decempeda,
Dict. Helpless ? hence easily contemn'd and scorn'd,
Lat.] Ten feet in length. And last neglected.
DECEMVIRATE. na s. (decemviratui, 2. Subject to produce errour ; deceitful. It is good to consider of deformity, not as a
Lat.] The dignity and office of the ten sign, which is more deccivable, but as a cause
governours of Rome, who were appointwhich seldom faileth of the effect. Bacon,
ed to rule the commonwealth instead of He received nothing but fair promises, which
consuls: their authority subsisted only proved deceivable,
two years. Any body of ten men. In mortal strength! and oh, what not in man
DE'CENCE.) 11. s. (decence, Fr. della Meseivable and vain ?
Milton. DE'CENCY.Latin.] DECE'IVABLENESS. n. sa (from deceiva
1. Propriety of form ; proper formality; ble.] Liableness to be deceived, or to
becoming ceremony: desence is seldom deceive.
used. He that has a great patron, has the advantage
Those thousand decencies, that daily fox, of his negligence and deceivableness.
From all her words and actions.
In good works there may be gædness in the
in the particulars in doing the good. 1. To cause to mistake; io bring into er
Were the offices of religion stripe of all the rour; to impose upon.
external decencies of worship, they would not Some have been dechoed into an opinion, that there was a divine right of primogeniture to both
who assist at them. estate and power.
Locke. 2. Ta delude by stratagem: 3. To cut off from expectation, with of
Virtue she finds too painful an endeavour, before the thing.
Content to dwell in decencies for eser. The Turkish general, deceived of his expect,2
2. Suitableness to character; propriety. tion, withdrew his feet twelve miles oft. Knolles.
I now believ'd
Dryden. the being of a thing, is what agrees or diagno
dscent 4. To mock; to fail.
with that thing; what is suitable or unsuitabic to
general; but decence and gracefulness can be only
make a due impression on the minds of those
She speaks, behaves, and acts, just as she cught;
And must I own, she said, ny searst smart,
with more derence were in silence kept?