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Cocoa

= CO CO

not co co a
conduit
con dit

not con du it
cordial = cor jal or cord yal not cor di al
courtier
= cort yer

not cor ti er
evening = ev ning

not ev en ing
facial
fa shal

not fa ci al
genius gen yus

not ge ni us
gorgeous

not gor ge us
javelin
= jav lin

not jav e lin
mischievous = mis chi vus

not mis che vi us nuptial nup

shal

not nup ti al tremendous = tre men dus not tre men du ous stupendous = stu pen dus not stu pen du ous

=

gor jus

)

4. Such words as "aged," "learned," " beloved,” give much trouble in regard to syllabication. The following principles will make clear their correct use :

a. Words of this class, when used as adjective modifiers, are pronounced with two syllables, thus :

He was an ag ed, trembling man. b. When used as participles they are pronounced with one syllable, thus :

He had ag'd considerably. c. When used in compounds they are usually pronounced with one syllable, thus :

He was a well-beloved man.

d. When used in poetry the two-syllable form is commonly employed for the sake of meter.

learn ed belov ed

leg ged bless ed

peak ed curs ed

wing ed

ag ed

PRACTICAL EXERCISES FOR GAINING PROFICIENCY

IN PRONUNCIATION

EXERCISE I. Let the student pronounce the words in the following lists so far as he is positive of the pronunciation. For all words of which he is not absolutely certain let him consult the dictionary.

Pronounce with attention to vowel sounds :

acquiesce
aërial
again
alma mater
always

amen

amenable
angel
apex
apparatus
apparent
aqueous
archive
audacious
avaunt
bade
bayou
bestial
betroth
biography
bravado
bromide
brooch
candelabra
chough
civilization

cleanly
clematis
clique
coffee
comely
contrite
courier
courtesy
courtier
covert
craunch
creek
crupper
culinary
dahlia
dais
daunt
demur
dénouement
depot
deprivation
desperado
diploma
diplomatic
docile
dog

domicile
doth
drama
emendation
employee
enigmatic
envelope
envoy
epoch
equable
equine
estimate
falcon
fiancée
fief
finance
fiord
forge
fortress
frontier
gala

glacier
gone
granary
gratis
harem
haunch
heinous
hilarious
hydrangea
hypocrisy
imbecile
implacable
infantile
interstice
inveigle
irate
jocund
jowl
jury
juvenile
Koran
lava
legate
legend
leisure
leonine

gape

garish
garrulous
gaunt
genealogy

lever libertine lilac livelong mall manor maritime mercantile nervine none nothing oblique

only onyx pageant paraffin parent pathos patron pianist piquant placable placard plaid plait

onerous

Pronounce with attention to consonant sounds : Pronounce with attention to correct accent:

cupboard demagogy depths derisive desultory diphtheria diphthong disaster disdain draught drought equation exhort exit February flaccid flageolet forehead geyser

precocity predatory predecessor prelude probity process produce profile program progress project protestation rabbi

rapine reptile respite rout senile servile terrible tiara trio

vase

visor
water
wound

gibberish
gibbet
gooseberry
handkerchief
height
hesitate
hiccough
homage

humor

architect
arctic
associate
blackguard
buffet
candidate
cañon
chiropodist
clangor
clothes
cognac
cognizance
column
comptroller
concerto
conscientious
corps
credulity
crescendo

improvisation
incognito
isthmus
jasmine
kiln
lambrequin
lichen
licorice
liturgic
loath

luxury
mistletoe
oath
orchid
poignant
poniard
pronunciation
renunciation
rhythm
solder
subpoena
thence
thither
thyme
wharf
whig
with
withe
wreath

abject acclimate address adult adverse alias ally aspirant automobile · brigand caloric chastisement clematis cocaine cognomen combatant commandant compeer confidant

confine
confiscate
conjure
construe
conversant
defect
depot
desert
despicable
divert
domain

opponent
ordeal
overt
police
precedence
pretense
pretext
purport
recall

grimace
harass
herculean
hospitable
impious
impotent
indissoluble
inexorable
inquiry
interesting
irreparable
irrevocable
lamentable
maintain
maintenance
menu
mirage
museum
occult

recess

eczema

research
respite
robust

entire equipage explicable exquisite formidable gasoline gondola

romance
routine
theater
toward
tribune

1

vagary

1

1

Pronounce with attention to syllabication : accurate curriculum film

inertia annihilate daguerreotype finale

insidious bivouac décolleté folio

javelin casualty defalcate formerly laudanum christen desuetude fuchsia

lenient Christianity dexterous

gaseous

lien cocaine diamond glacial

lineament conduit dyspepsia

guardian

magnesia cordiality elm

heaven magnolia courteous evening

helm

miniature covetous every

hieroglyphic multiplication cuneiform extraordinary

idea

nausea

neuralgia nihilist nuptial often porcelain prescience

presentiment
presumptuous
pueblo
racial
ratio
really

recognize
remediable
restaurant
several
statistics
subtle

tedious
temperament
terror
toward
venial
winged

EXERCISE II. Pronounce the following words, which are often confused :

assess seize

accent broach council either leaven poplar assent brooch counsel ether eleven popular

consul accept cashmere

envelop loath quote except cassimere courtesy envelope loathe

coat access

curtsy cease

errand milk rending dais errant milch

rendering excess dies

solder century

falcon modest

dice adapt

soldier sentry

falchion modiste adept decade

sooth christen adopt decayed formally moral

soothe Christian

formerly morale affect decease

statue disease genteel

nap

stature clamber

gentile area desert

nape

statute aria complement dessert hospital perquisite track era

compliment dissert hospitable prerequisite tract bran conserve divers incline

wander brand converse

diverse encline pillow wonder

effect clamor

pillar

EXERCISE III. Pronounce the following words, many of which are difficult because of their foreign derivation: accouter ad infinitum æsthetic

alias acoustics adobe

aigrette allegro adagio aërate à la carte

alma mater

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