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small vessel--the May-Flower---freighted If they prove recreant to their trust, who with a precious burden as she stands on her can tell but another people, small and up. course, far, far, toward the setting sun. known may arise to grind them in the dust, Passing by the dangers, toils, privatione,
and extirpate them from the earth; hut, if and hardships of their course, behold them
honor, right and truth be their standard, and at last upon the rock-bound coast of New the accomplishment of a great design, their England! They plant a colony. It is the
ultimate end;who can trace the glory of their germ of a new nation, yet the extension of
Alight into the depths of ages. the same race; the realization of the same
Human language is too feeble to portray great plan; a link in the chain of Anglo- the greatness of a people that shall accomSaxon destiny. Possessing the peculiar | plish so noble a destiny. traits of their ancestry; the same energetic
Finite mind may gain some faint concepand persevering spirit; perhaps, incon- tion, but to Infinity is left the full view of sciously to themselves, they develop the same so desirable an event. results, though the instrumentality through which these were accomplished was differ.
THE FIRST SNOW ON THE CATS. ent.
KILL MOUNTAINS. But they stopped not here. That progressive spirit when once aroused to action,
| As the fall begins almost in the summer, cannot be checked. Every clime and nation and people have been visited; the dominion
so the winter begins in the fall on the high
est parts of the Catskills. Yesterday, late of empires is held by them and the isles of
in the afternoon, I saw what seemed to be, the sea own their sway.
at the distance of ten miles, a veil or curtain, Such in short bas been their course; and
| airy and light, like lace, hanging from lofty the question arises from it, “What is to be
drifts of grey mist half down the sides of their destiny?” "If this has been the beginning, what is to
the mountains. It was curious to watch
“the grace of the fashion of this” aerial drabe tbe acme, to which they may not hope
pery. Now it dropped straight down, as if to arrive! If results in turn become caus
the peaks behind it had retired for the night, es, and what we behold has been the result
then it floated off in long streaming folds of such small causes, what shall they not
upon the wind. This was snow--the first accomplish. Yet that destiny is conditional.
falling snow upon the Catskills, and literThe power and perpetuity of nations belong
belong ally our first looking out of autumn into to God, and who that has looked upon the winter. This morning all is clear and still rise and fall of empires can fail to see that
There is no more any one of those motions when a nation or people have accomp'ished m
ished manifold--Do more any opening and closing
ic or refused to accomplish His w:l],the reasons
of curtains. They appear to have fallen for the existence of that nation or people
during the night; and where they fell, there ceases and they pass away.
they lie, along the upper forests for miles, Such, without doubt, is the case with the
motionless and white, like cold, pure linen Anglo-Saxon race.
over the dead. We know now what is just The gospel bas been entrusted to them, before us--the bright, sparkling winter, the and in view of their characteristics of mind music of footsteps in the dry and briland relations to the world, it becomes incum liant spow, the misty breath, sleighing, and bent upon them to promulgate it.
skating, and bells. The facilities of intercourse with mankind, The contrast between the mountains this only imposes additional considerations upon morning and the same a few days ago, rebem for faithfulness.
calls their departed splendors so vividly that I cannot refrain from giving you some des. On the first Monday of the present Octocription of them. “The first snow on the ber I found myself ascending the mountains Catskills" will therefore melt quite away by the way described above under the folfrom this brief chapter, and leave us looking lowing pleasant circumstances:— With my
wife and a friend of ours, a lady of excelTHE LAST LEAVES ON THE CATSKILLS. lent mind and manners, I was going for a You may not know, as well as "the old- fortnight upon an old-fashioned family vis-. est inhabitants," when country merchants it. We had a snug two-borse vehicle, which went down the North River to New York at any minute could be turned either into a in sloops, that the great Susquehanna turn-close carriage or an open barouche. Passing pike, leading through to Cayuga lake, left over several things that contributed to our the Hudson at Catskill. To where it cros- comfor: and pleasure, I will close the list of ses the mountains over into Windham is happy circumstances under which I went up twenty miles. A more romantic road I the Catskills, by adding that we had one of have seldom travelled in the United States. the finest days of the year. But how to At Cairo, ten miles from the river, Black give you a true description of the autumnal Head, or the Dome Mountain, as Cole used splendors, now that I am fairly ready for to call it, swellsinto the air, on your left, to it, I can hardly tell. Let me sketch it rapthe height of eight pyranids. Six miles | idly. further on begins the ascent, and one of the At our first five hundred feet above the most beautiful mountain ascents to be found. general surface, the nearer landscape, with For two hours or more you ride up at a mo- its thickets, groves, and "little sportive derate walk, over a smooth, broad way of woods run wild” along the fences, walls,and reddish earth, doubling first one and then brooks, kept the eye in a continual skip of another cape of the range jutting out boldly delight. Here and there the orange and the into the air, describing long circles inward, crimson caught the sight like sheets of fire. in order to head deep gulfs, and looking at The village of Deerbam, yclept of yore every turn in and out, over a vaster land- Prink Street, where the maples abound, apkare, dappled with fields and woods, en-peared to be in flames. Truly charming as livened with dwellings and hamlets, and all this lower scene was, over which we Amonthed down in the far distance into spent much enthusiasm and a multitude of something like the blue ocean. This pros- exclamations, expressive of our admiration pect is occasionally hidden where the road and pleasure, it faded into comparative invinds lovingly through some straggling, significance at an elevation of a thousand brer lock of the forests, yet thick and rich feet, where we were rising into the presence upon the mountain beads. This gives great of a magnificence before which we were disfreshness to the view when you emerge from posed to be composed and silent. At all sea. the wood, and, while passing it, turns the sons the forests here are wonderfully grand eje into the wilderness above, remarkable and impressive. Piled into the northern sky Dow and then for its savage character. When up to the very sun, they look as if they were I read, for the first time, in Goethe's grand haunted by the awfulness of ocean depths, poem, that fine description of Mephistophe- and seem to have caught character and males leading Faust into the mountains, I fixed jesty from the thunder clouds which so upon one point in particular in this wild often repose upon them. But where are the Catskill seenery. I am sure I never pass it magic words--words that shall be as paints to this day that I do not think of that and dyes to make the reader behold these "Hark, to the splintering of the evergreen fields of wild sublimity all kindled by the palaces," and see what looks to me like "the gorgeous October? Seas of foliage where path of the hurricane."
I the seven colors strive for the mastery !
What were sheaves of fancies like this? You dangerous to their eggs. Next, they delibsee not the life and power of the scene, be- erate on the plan of their future camp, after çause you cannot feel the heart riot in the which they lay out distinctly a regular parwondrous plenitude of splendor. Then look allelogram, offering roow enough for the away to that islet of bristling spruce and brother and sisterhood, some where from hemlock in this Indian ocean of beauty! It one to five acres. One side of the place is is dark as night under the brilliant, white bounded by the sea, and is always left open light of noon; anlall around it are the roll- for entrance and exit; the other three sides ing tops of the maple, beech, and birch, a are inclosed with a wall of stones and very surf of yellows, scarlets, crimsons, or- roots." anges, and greens. And what is there around These industrious feathered workers frst hat one black troop of evergreens is around of all remove froin the place all obstacles to a thousand more-bere on the slope before their design; threy take up the stones with us—on the slope behind us-up the whole their bills and carry them to the boundaries broad slope abreast of us--all along the to conipose the wall. Within this wall they blue heavens-youder through the gorge— build a perfectly smooth and even foot. path round among the summits-round and ou some six or eight feet wide, which is used endlessly-rich as imperial raiment-ex- by day as a public promenade, and by night quisite as shells-bright as plumage-tender, for the back and forward march of the sentifresh, and precious as costly pictures. nels. · I have done with my description. Pers After they have in this way completed haps you will look with your first delight their embankments on the three landward upon Cole's autumnal pictures, particularly sides, they lay out the remaining part of the his finer ones, such as “The House in the interior into equal little quadrangles, separaWoods” and “The Hunter's Return,” when ted from each other by narrow foot-paths, I tell you I have been only rapidly sketch-crossing at right angles. In cach crossing ing where he studied more or less for well of these foot-paths an albatross builds its nigh a quarter of a century.
N. nest, and in the middle of cach quadrangle,
a penguin, so that every albatross is sur
rounded by four penguins, and every penBROODING-PLACES ON THE FALK-Iguin has albatross on four sides as neighbors, LAND ISLANDS.
In this way the whole place is regularly oc
cupied, and only at some distance are places By the name of "brooding-places," the left free for other sea-fowl, such as the greep Davigators of the south seas understand cormorant and the so-called Nelly. places selected by various sea-fowls, where
| Though the penguin and albatross live so they in common build their nests, lay their me eggs, and bring up their young. Here they
build their nests in very different fashions, assemble in immense masses, and in the lay-l but the penguin plunders the best of its ing out and construction of those places, ex- |
friend whenever it has an opportunity. The hibit great caution, judgment, and industry.
'Yo nest of the penguin is a simple hollow in the When a sufficient number have assembled ground, just deep enough to keep its eggs on the shore, they appoar first to hold a con- from rolling out, while the albatross raises a sultation, and then to set about executing little hill of earth, grass, and muscles, eight the great purpose for which they have come or ten inches high, with the diameter of a together. First, they choose out a level water pail, and builds its nest on the top, spot of sufficient extent, often of four or five whence it looks down on its next neighbors acres, near the beach. In this they avoid and friends. ground that is too stony, which would bel None of the nests in the entire brooding
place is left vacant an instant until the eggs! THE POETRY OF CHEMISTRY. are hatched, and the young unes old enough to take care of themselves. The male bird When men woke up from barbarism and goes to the sea for fish, and when he has sat-nio
as sat night, and began to contemplate the beauty istied his hunger hurries back and takes the l'of the world, they saw that amid the multiplace of the female, while she in turn goes blic
be in turn goes plicity of colors and of forms, and in the in pursuit of food. Even when they are endless metamorphoses of things around changing places, they know how to manage them, that whether they looked upon the it so as not to leave their eggs for a moment granite peaks, piercing the blue heavens uncovered. When, for instance, the male
with their hoary pinnacles; the wild sea womes back from fishing, he nestles close
with its midnight moans and summer laughbeside the female and gradually crowds her ter : the blue heavens, with its storms and of the nest with such care as to cover the starlight beauty; or the green earth, with its eggs completely with his feathers without clustering woods and waving grasses, blosexposing them to the air at all. In this way soming all over from pole to pole, with a they guard their eggs against being stolen by garment of living verdure; still the same inthe other females, which are so greedy to visible forces were at work,weaving all things raise large families that they seize every in a web of unity, and connecting the most chance to rob the surrounding nexts. - The incongruous things together. royal pengain is exceedingly cunning in this Hence, in their mystic worship, and in sort of trick, and nerer loses an occasion that the poetic utterances of their untamed is offered. In this way it often happens that heats, they pictured nature under symbols the brood of this bird, on growing up turns of the same thought, and representing the cat to be of two or three different species, a creative power which forever and ever transsure proof that the parents were no honester mits one form into another, and erokes from than their neighbors.
corruption and death, the creatures of a new It is not only interesting but instructive creation. The story of the phenix is the and even touching to watch from a little dis- story of the world, and as one form crumbles tance the life and movements of these brood into ashes, another starts from its dust, to ing-places. You can then see the birds continue the chain of beauty, and push on valking up and down the exterior path of the series of utilities. publie promenade in pairs, or even four, six,
"Where is the dust that has not been alive? or eight together, looking very like officers
The spade, the plow, disturb our ancestors; promenading on a parade day. Then all at |
From human mold we reap our daily bread; once, the whole brooding-place is in contin The globe around earth's hollow surface shakes, vous commotion, a flock of the penguins
And is the ceiling of her sleeping song; come back from the sea and waddle rapidly
O'er devastation we blind revels keep;
Whole buried towns support the dancer's heel." along through the narrow paths, to greet their trates after this brief separation; an- Of the sixty simple elements to which all other company are on the way to get food the varieties of dead and living matter are for themselves or to bring in provisions. At! reducible, some fifteen or twenty play the the same time the cove is darkened by an chief parts in the chemistry of the world. immense cloud of albatrosses, that continual- All the phenomena which take place around ly bover above the brooding-place, descend- us, whether it be the upheaval of volcanic ing from their excursions or mounting into masses, or the floating of a gossamer in the the air to go upon them. One can look at summer air; the sweeping hurricane, which these birds for hours, and not grow weary of tears up forests by the roots, or the blushing garing. observing and wondering at their promise of spring's first flowers; the forked busy social life.- International.
I lightning and the tramping thunder, which
shakes the heaven with deep pulsations, or deep appeared in obedience to the Creator's the golden belts upon the body of the bee, fiat, and the whole earth became a home of and the fairy song he chants among the flow- beauty in obedionce to chemical law. The ers; the trickling of molten metals into the ceaseless play of the elements, and the mufissures of the earth, or the passage of an tations of the atoms had built up the whole idea through the brain of man; are depend- into one gorgeous scene of luxuriance; and ent upon the separation and recombination man was awakened into being to render the of various of these elementary principles, whole subservient to his wishes, and, by without the movements and metamorphoses tracing out the harmonies of the natural of which, the whole world would be a scene world, to arrive at a more exalted knowledge of darkness, desolation and death. Chemical of his Maker. laws operate upon the mivute atoms of which The atom of charcoal which floated in the bodies are composed; and, as all the atoms corrupt atmosphere of the old volcanic ages of matter have a spherical or globular form, was absorbed in the leaf of a fern when the the attractions and repulsions of atomic par- valleys became green and luxuriant; and ticles exhibit a close analogy to the attrac-.there, in its proper place, it received the suntions and repulsions of the worlds. It is light and the dew, aiding to Aling back to possible, indeed, that there is but one at- heaven a reflection of heaven's gold, and at traction and one cherpical law, and the phe- the same time, to build the tough fibre of the nomenon of an atom may be repeated in the plant. That same atom was consigned to dew-urop, in the bubble on the stream, and the tomb when the waters submerged the in the floating world. There is more poetry jungled valleys. It had lain there thousands in the alembic and test tube, than the world of years, and a mouth since was brought inly dream about.
to light again, imbedded in a block of coal If we trace back the history of our world It shall be consumed to warm our dwelling, into those remote eras of which the early cook our food, and make more cheerful and rocks are records, we shall discover that the ruddy the hearth whereon our children play; same chemical laws were operating then it shall combine with a portion of the invisiwhich control the changes of matter now,- ble atmosphere, ascend upward as a curling At one period the earth was a huge mass of wreath to revel in a mazy dance up high in fiery fluid, which, radiating or throwing off the blue ether; shall reach earth again, and heat into space, gradually cooled and be be entrapped in the embrace of a flower; came surrounded with a solid crust, entomb- shall live in velvet beauty on the cheek of ing within it a seething chaos of intensely an apricot; shall pass into the human body, heated materials, which now assert their ex-giving enjoyment to the palate, and health istence in the shock of an earthquake and to the blood; shall circulate in the delicate the awful outbreaks of volcanic fires. In tissues of the brain; and aid, by entering in. latter ages, when the crust had cooled still to some new combination, in educating the more, and the atmosphere let fall its show- thoughts which are now being uttered by ers, the still heated surface, hissing and roar- the pen. It is but an atom of charcoal; it ing with the contact of the flood, was rent may dwell one moment in a stagnant ditch, inte enormous blocks and drealful abyssez and the next bo flushing on the lip of beauwhich still remain all over the world, and ty; it may now be a component of a lime, form the wondrous monuments of an age of stone rock, and then an ingredient in a field great convulsiong. Later still, the seas of potatoes; it may slumber a thousand years gathered together, the rocky masses were without undergoing a single change, and powdered into dust by the delicate fingers the next hour pass through a thousand; and, of the dew and the shower, the green herbs after all, it is only an atom of charcoal, and sprang up, and the monsters of the slimy occupies only its place, wherever it may be.