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whispered to the first lord of the bed cbam., where it was carefully giarded. The royal ber, who repeated it to the king. If the shirt, in the meantime, had been thoroughly monarch made no reply the visitor was ad-warmed at the fire. It was placed in the mitted. The duke in attendance marshalled bands of the first lord, he presented it to the the new comers to their several places, that auphin, and he, laying aside his bat and they might not approach too near the pre-gloves approached and presented it to the sence of his majesty. Princes of the highest king. Each garment was thus ceremoairank, and statesmen of the most exalted ously presented. The royal sword, the rest, station, were subjected alike to these humi and the blue ribbon, were brought forward. Jiating ceremonials. The king, the mean- | A nobleman of high rank was honored in the while, regardless of his guests, was occupied | privilege of puttipg on the rest, another in being dressed. A valet of the wardrobe buckled on the sword, another placed over delivered to a gentleman of the chamber the shoulders of the monarch a scarf, to the garters, which he in turn presented to which was attached the cross of the Holy the monarch. Inexorable etiquette would | Ghost in diamonds, and the cross of St. Louis. allow the king to clasp his garters in the The grand master of the robes presented to morning, but not to unclasp them at night. the king his cravat of rich lace, while a faIt was the exclusive privilege of the head vorite courtier folded it around his neck.valet de chambre to unclasp that of the right Two bandkerchiefs of the most costly etc. leg, while an attendant of an inferior rank broidery and richly perfumed were then might remove the other. One attendant placed before his majesty, on an enamelled put on the shoes, another fastened the dia- saucer, and his toilet was completed. mond buckles. Two pages, gorgeously! The king then returned to his bedsidedressed in crimson velvet, overlaid with gold Obsequious attendants spread before him two and silver lace, received the slippers as they soft cushions of crimson velvet. In all the were taken from the king's feet.
pride of ostentatious humility he kneeled The breakfast followed. Two officers
upon these, and repeated his prayers, while entered; one with bread on an enameled
the bishops and cardinals in his suit, with silver, the other with a folded napkin be
suppressed voice, uttered responses. But tween two silver plates. At the same time
our readers will be weary of the recital of the the royal cup-bearers presented to the first
routine of the day. He then attended mass lord a golden vase, into which he poured a
in the chapel. At one o'clock he dined small quantity of wine and water, which
"| alone in all the dignity of unapproachable was tasted by a second cup-bearer to insure
majesty. The ceremony at the dinner table that there was no poison in the beverage.
was no less punctiliouz and ridiculous than The vase was then rinsed, and being again
"at the toilet. After dinner he fed his dogs filled was presented to the king upon a
and amused himself in playing with them. golden saucer. The dauphin, as soon as the king bad drank, giving his bat and gloves to
He then, in the presence of a number of the first lord in waiting, took the napkin and courtiers, changed his dress, and leaving the presented it to the monarch to wipe his lips. palace by a private staircase, proceeded to The frugal repast was soon finished. The his carriage, wbich awaited him in the marking then laid aside his diessing gown, ble court yard. Returning from his drive, while two attendants drew off his night he again changed his dress, and visited the shirt, one taking the left sleeve and the apartments of Madame Maintenon, where other the right. The monarch then drew he remained until ten o'clock, the hour of from his neck the casket of sacred relics, supper. The supper was the great evept of with which he ever slept. It was passed the day. Six not lemen stationed themselves from the hands of one officer to that of ano-1 at each end of the table to wait upon the ther, and then deposited in the king's closet, King. Whenever he raised his cup, the cup bearer exclaimed aloud to all the company,
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. drink for the king' After supper he held a short ceremonial audience with members
BY PARKE GODWIN. of the royal family, and at midnight went again to feed his dogs. He then retired! The friends of despotism allege that the surrounded by puerilities of ceremony too late republican movement in Europe threw tedious to be read.
up no great and leading men, but they pur. Such was the character of one of the most posely forget, to say the least, the names of majestic kings of the Bourbon race. France, Kossuth, Mazzini and Garibaldi. Of the two wearied with them, drove them, from the first we have already spoken, and we now thrope, and placed Napoleon there, a mao propose to give sonie information of the latof energy, of intellect, and of action ; ter. toiling night and day, to promote the pros- Garibaldi, if ever man did, deserves the perity of France in all its varied interests. love and remembrance of all free minds. The monarchs of Europe, with their united A devuted patriot from his youth, his career millions, combined and chained the demo- bas been illustrated by the most heroic acratic king to the rock of St. Helena, and chievements in behalf of the common liber. replaced the Bourbon. But the end is not ties of our race. He was born about forty eved yet. In the view of the wretched life years ago at Nice, in Italy, a small but not of Louis XIV., Madame Maintenon ex- undistinguished city, on the shores of the claimed: Could you but form an idea of Mediterranean where his father followed the what kingly life is! Those who occupy
occupation of a mariner. He was by that thrones are the most unfortunate in the parent early indoctrinated into the myste.
ries of sea craft, and taught to disregard its world.-Harper's Magazine,
dangers, but, to his mother, an excellent woman, whom he always recalls with the most
tender feelings, he was indebted for his kind. GIUSEPPE GARIBALDI:
ness, gentleness, and love of bumanity
Both, however, were friends of liberty, and HIS CHARACTER AND BIOGRAPHY.
taught him to worship the free spirit of his
ancestors. Ix the portrait of Garibaldi we see a re
| After acquiring with avidity the rudiments markalıly fine temperament, which gives in
of education, and especially the fundamental lensity to the intellect and great purity and
principles of mathematics and natural scielevation to the feelings. The forehead is
ence, he became a sailor under the direction prominent, high, and remarkably full about of his father. But his love of learning nevthe eyes, and from the root of the nose up er deserted him, and one of his chief delights through its center, evincing great practical
in early years, was to read the history of his talent, memory, and readiness of mind.
country, which filled him with an ambition The top head is high, particular at Benev
to rival the deeds of the great men of Roolence, showing superior kindness and moral elevation; while, as it will be seen, his head man antiquity. He discovered what his dear is narrow and flattened at the sides, indicat- Italy bad been in the days of her power and ing frankness, a lack of cruelty, and unself: glory, and he saw what she was, in the weeds ishness in pecuniary matters. By the shape of her debasement and degradation, and of bis head, we ipfer that Self-Esteem, among the ardent aspirations of his young Firmness, and the social organs were large,
generous heart, was ber rescue from the borgiving dignity, unconquerable perseverance, rid crew of priests and soldiers who had and deep toned and constant affections
leveled her to the dust. It is easy for any I noble mind to conceive what the feelings of
an Italian must be when he contrasts the val that the patriots of La Plata were in ancient renown of bis nation with her pres- arins, he engaged in their service as a naval ent condition, and with what burning impa- officer, and was soon mingled with their tience he must loug for the opportunity to public affairs. His deeds of valor and the strike a blow agniust her of pressors. dangerous enounters which he had with the
The opportunity to einbark in her cause enemy, secured him the lasting gratitude of was not, huwever soon given to Garibaldi, his companions in arms. No man who er. and he followed his profession with dili- er fought on the coast is said to have pergence, making frequent and often perilous formed more wopders of paral skill and voyages to be several parts of Italy, the courage than this Italian volunteer, Levant and the Black Sea. These not only It was there that he married his wife, made him acquainted with the difficulties whose name and history have become so inand dangers of the sen, but developeil his timately blended with his ow. She was a benevolent atfections in the numerous (ases pative of the province of St. Catherine's, in of the shipwreck of others, in which he Brazil, of excellent family, and, duriug the was called to give relief. He was distin- many years that he battled for the Ropublie guished even then for hardihood and bra- of Rio Grande, she accompanied him in most very, but much more for his generosity and of his expeditions, sharing the exposure and poble daring. On one occasion he rescued vicissitudes with the utmost intrepidity, and a company of several persons from instant yet rendering his domestic life serene and death, at the inminent hazard of his own cheerful by her gentleness and warmth of life, while at all times be manifested a warm affection. In his encampments in the dense sympathy towards the oppressed and the de- South American forests, where the enemy fenceless.
lurked on every side, she joined in the march It was during one of these voyages that he and the bivouac, aud in his must daring adfirst went to Rume, and there, amid the mon- ventures also upon the high seas, she was uments of ler for mer splendor and greatness his friend and companion. All who kner and the many evidences, of her existing her, as well as her husband, still speak of poverty and distress, he conceived the hope her as a woman of heroic character, full of of ber resurrection. When told a society resource, activity and skill, but no less ten. of young Italians was already in being, der and feminine than she was noble. Her who had devoted their lives to the glorious subsequent unhappy end confirms while it work, the discovery filled him with unspeak- lends a melancholy interest, to these partieable joy. Columbus, he says, could not ulars. have been so happy when the new world. The outbreak of political troubles in Ilafirst rose upon his vision. He of course ly, in 1848, seemed like a call of Providence eagerly enrolled himself among their num.to Garibaldi, summoning bim to return to ber, and when the uprising of 1834 took his native land. He arrived at Rome in time place, he became a prominent actor in the to anticipate Mazzini, Avezzani, and others eventful scenes.
in their earlier efforts to organize the Repubo But the movement provej disastrous in its lic, his known ability pointing him out as results, and Garibaldi, amorg others, was one of the men best fitted to conduct the condemned to death. Making his escape in military defence of the nation in case of disguise from Genoa, he navigated the Med- attack. He was appointed general of a body iterranean for some time alone, and finally known as the Legion, which was composed succeeded in reaching the coast of France, of the most gallant and accomplished corps whence he took passage in a friendly vessel of young Italy. Nor was it a long time beto Brazil. His original intention was then fore his and their services were required. to engage in travé, bat finding on bis arri- France-to her lasting shame, be it said
had joined ihe imperial despot of Austria at last, when the rest of the sorrowful city and the infamous Bomba of Naples, in a was compelled to surrender, Garibaldi and plot against the nascent liberties of the pen. his noble spirited young soldiers refused to insula, and in fuor of the restoration of the lay down their arins. It was useless for impotent and fugitive old traitor, the Pope them, they said, to protract the contest with Their armies vere narrowing, with a slow three powerful aud disciplined nations, but but certain contraction, like the coiling of they would not yield. They resolved, then, some huge snake, around the walls of the to force their way to a safe place of refuge Eteroal city. But the andaunted Romans, | Their leader's speech, on that occasion, wo'd detecting their purposes under the treacher- | have done no dishonor to Brutus or the ' ous disguise they had assumed, were fully | Gracchi : 'Soldiers l' he said, 'in recomprepared for the event. Their numbers were pense of the love you may show your counfew, but their spirit was high and strong.-try, I offer you hunger, thirst, cold, war and When the onestion was put to them, wheth-death-who accepts the terios, let him follow er they were ready to defend their homes, me! The glorious fellows followed him to they shouted with one accord that they wo’
da man. die in the last ditch. Soon, therefore, the No retreat on record was more full of war commenced.
peril and more resolutely conducted than The incidents of it we cannot recount here, this of Garibaldi and his friends, through nor have we space to speak of the prouci- the hostile hosts of occupied Italy. Their nent part taken in it throughout by the súbol object, in quitting Rome was to reach Ve, ject of this sketch. A volume would bardly nice in time to assist her against the bom suffice us to tul the whole history of those
ns to tull the whole history of those bardment of the Austri ins. It was a desmemorable days. They were worthy of the perate attempt, but it was also the only place and the occasion, and proved to all the source left. They first marched westward, world that years of tyranny and degradation
degradation and then north towards Todi, where they bave not yet quenched the old fires of the were joined by Col. Forbes. At Orvieto, Italian soul. Garibaldi's invincible legions they drew up to give the French battle. rivalled the fiery energy of those ancient which the latter declinel, preferring to hang warriors who had carried the victorious ea- upon the rear, to cut off their forces in degles to the ends of the globe. Whenever an tachments. Arezzo, their next point, was obstinate defense was to be made, they were in full possession of the Austrian troops,but called to make it, and whenever an impor- the people secretly sent then supplies.tant point was to be conquered they march-Hence they turned towards Cisterna in the ed to the conquest. Time and again, during Pope's dominions, and next Saint Angelo the siege of Rome, they sallied beyond the in Vado. All the way they were harassed city walls to attack the besiegers in their jo- by Austrians; in crossing the Appenineg trenchments; at the villa Pamphili, where they bad the most desperate encounters, and the whole day was spent in furious combat it was not uutil they reached Borgo, near with the French, often: bayonet in hand, they | San Marino, ten thousand Austrians closing drove the assailant from his posts, at Pales- about them, that it was found expedient to trioa, they put to ronte three times their disband, and to allow each one to seek number of men, with a fearful loss of the shelter for himself. Even then, large numenemy's life; and at Velletri, they over- bers still clung to Garibaldi,--among them whelmed the flower of the Neapolitan arıny, Hugo Bassi, who was so inbumanly murcommanded by the King in person. After dered by the priests at Bulogna-Ciccer. the walls were entered, they sustained the orchio, the Roman Tribune, with his two shock of assault, day after day, with cool sons, one of them scarcely 15 years of age, perseverance and unmoving strength; and and the lovely Senora Anne-Garibaldi's
wife, who, though far advanced in mother- | him a national banquet, which he declined. hood and otherwise ill, had partaken in The Governor of Equador, it is said, also every hard ship of the retreat, refusing to had offered him the commission of Generalbe separated from her husband, and some isimo of the Republic, to proceed against times riding about the little army to encour-Gen. Flores, but it is not known whether he age the weary with words of animation and had accepted.-American Phrenological Jourcheer.
From San Marino they set forth at night, not a word being spoken, eluded discovery,
For the Miscellany. and soon after reached Cesanatico, where
WOMAN'S MISSION.. they scized thirteen vessels to convey them . to Venice, But their little fleet was scat
BY ALICE GREEN. tered in the darkness. Some of them was never heard of more, and only a few, driven
How important is the mission of wonian, away by the blockading squadron, succeed.
and yet how few appear 'to understand or ed in reaching land near the mouth of the
feel the responsibility of the position she Po. There the Signora died, overcome with
occupies. It appears to be the general opinexhaustion and fatigue. Garibaldi, almost
ion that if a lady has received a fashionable alone, but how no one knows, made his
education, and can figure well in the parlor, way to Genoa, and thence to the United |
and equally well in the kitchen, if occasion States.
requires, that is all that is necessary, and He would have been received in this
if to this a moderate share of beauty is country with public demonstrations, but he
| added, it is enough to constitute her a commodestly declined the honor, In order to
plete paragon. Now all this is necessary recruit his health he returned to Staten
and proper, but is there not something Island, where he dwelt in perfect security, Imore for her to do? Were we placed here earning by the labor of his own hands, his
merely to occupy space, to "while away own support, it was there that the writer the homes," or assist in "driving dull care of this saw him first. A nobler looking laway,” to captivate the mind. or charm the man was never made. He was about the senses? Is this the extent of our mission in medium height, and finely proportioned.-- this sin-fallen world ? Shall we say because His face was sad in its expression, but full we may never enroll our name among the of intelligence, truth and kindness. There great and illustrius ones of earth, that "ours was an integrity marked in every feature is a limited spbere of action. True we which must have won confidence at once; may none of us be a Luther, a Wesley, or a yet he was not stern nor sombre, but anima- | Whitfield, a Washington, a Bolivar, or a ted, almost playful and enthusiastic. His Kossuth, a Newton, a Franklin, or a Fulton,; remarks on the condition of Europe showed it is not in our province to occupy the Presthat he was accustomed to look sharply into idential Chair, nor speak in Congressional events, to weigh their nature and bearing, halls; but is not our's a more glorious misand to act only on a rigid understanding of sion? One which angels migbt look down facts. He was not a patriot from the im- and smile upon? it is ours to educate our fuagination, but through the mind and through ture Statesmen, ours to guide the youththe beact.
ful mind in the ways of wisdom, and true Garibaldi, after he left Staten Island, went piety, to instil a love of good, and hatred of to California on business, and is engaged in evil into those minds from which the future the mercantile marine service of the Pacific. aws of our nation are to emanate. As the The last we heard of him was that he was first rudiments of children's education ever in Lima. The Italians there bad offered devolves on womau, let us reinember that