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It is true that, as ruind is never manifested / and all concurring in every sensation, then except in conjunction with matter, we should each of those points must perceive only a as philosophers, infer that the former was single point of the outward object, or the inherent in the latter, unless it could be whole of it. If each point only perceives shown that it wa- incompatible with other a single part, then there is no part of us that known qualities of matter. Now no one perceives all the outward object, or that can perlaps will contend that a sensation is di. compare one part with another. Again if visible. We never speak of balf a thought each point perceives all the ontward objects, or the fourth of a perciption of a truth.- then there is a number of percepients,a conWe cannot possibly conceive of simple conclusion directly contrary to the best authorsciousness being divided into balves or any ity and our own consciousness. other number of parts. But if the mind is Again; we never think or speak of an the result of material organization, as the idca as being either long or short; nor of whole is equal to the sum of all its parts, perception being square, nor of consciouseach particle of that organization must pos-ness as being oblong, or extended in any sess distint pow.rs of sensation. And way. But if the soul is material and consewhen these parts are combined into one quently extended, every perception of truth whole, they possess the powers of indivis. must be extended also, and have lengil' ible sensation. That is, this indivisible breadth, and thickwess. Our sens tions power of sensation, is div'sible, yea, in- must be the shape of the extended soul. finitely divisible, if so be that matter may But it is exultingly affirmed by the matebe infinitely divided. We are then compell. rialist, that if the soul is anything else ed to acknowledge that sensation and per than matter, then we can know nothing of ception are properties not resulting from a it. We cannot see it-cannot hear it-canparticular organic system, but wholly for- not feel it,—or know it by any of the seneigo from it.
ses by which we know matter. Very truel But let us suppose for a moment that If we could see it, or feel it, we should all mind is organiz - I matter. Then of neces- very soon decide that it was matter; for wo sity the thinking power must le either lo- give the name matter to all t ose things cated in a single least possible physical point, that have color, and therefore can be seen or extended through a nuruber of these and such as have solidity anıl extension,and points. But it is impossible that the smal- | therefore can be felt. Anything that is not est atom, or least possible point of extension / possessed of these properties we do not call should perceive distinctly all the multifari. matter. And as the soul bas not these ous things around, that is, have delineated properties, we do not hesitate to say that it on it the forms of larger objects; for that is not material. would make it the least; and not the lcast, But let us examine the affirmation of the point of extension at the same time. It materialist, that we know nothing of the sou: would also be inconsistant to suppose a soul So far from coinciding with this view, we existing in one point of mitter alone--that do not hesitate to affirm that we may know point sensitive and rational, and all other much more about the soul than we can know points lifeless and irrational. Neither can about maiter. And why can we have a we conceive how t'is one point should actu | better acquaintance with mind than with ate all the rest of th: body, and remain the matter? Simply because the source of same from infancy to old age, while all the information concerning mind is better than other atoms are continually changing, and that concerning matter. Our knowledge of new ones taking their places.
matter is obtained only through the mediBut if a soul is an extended substance, um of the senses; that of mind by consciousconsisting of many points joined together, ness, by our very intuitive natures.
Now we apprehend that the evidences or Secondly; an acting, willing principle is rather the irresistible convictions of conscious- exactly the opposite of the property of inerness, are much more to be relied upon tban tia. The former is a quality of the mind; the indications of necessarily limited sen- | the latter, a necessary property of mat
ter. ses. We may think we hear a sound and
Thirdly; matter yields a blind, passive asrefer it to some outward cause, and yet be
sent to the laws that govern it-mind is camistaken. But we can not conceive of a
pable of willing and understanding the laws sane man being deceived about whether he
that govern it. experiences joy or gorrow; hope or fear; de
Fourthly; the properties ascribed to matsire, love, hatred &c., because his conscious.
ter are entirely different from those ascribed ness unbidden testifies and authoritatively
to mind. Wbat resemblances are there beasserts the truth in the case. Those things
tween hardvess and desire? solidity and vothat we are conscious of are the groundwork
lition? Impenetrability, and perception?for all other belief. All other evidences
The man who should confound these would may be partially set aside,--that of con
be considered as grossly ignorant, as the scious.jess nerer,
blind man who thought that a scarlet color Now we know mind, i. e. we know its
resembled the sound of a trumpet. states, its properties, and its actions, by con
And again every person by appealing to sciousness. We therefore confidently as
consciousness, must be perfectly convinced sert that we know more of mind than we
that the qualities of mind cannot belong to can know of matter. What the real essence
matter. By their senses, they perceive that of the mind is we do not pretend to say: 1 matter is inert, and lifeless. but we are perfectly conscious of its prop-! But consciousness testifies tbat there is a erties, viz: voliton, sensation, perception, living, acting principle in mind that may reasoning &c; also of its states, such as not belong to matter. joy, hope, fear, love, desire, shame, pride Again, it is a well known fact that the &c.; and those are at least all that we can particles of matter of which our boulies are know of maiter. We perceive through our composed, are continually changing, so that senses that matter has color, extension di- every few years there is an entire renovation. visibility, impenetrability, attraction &c.;| Now if the material doctrine be correct, we also its states such as motion or rest, beat or are not the same persons we were a few coldness, solidity or fluidity &c., but what years since, for there has been a constant the ultimate essence of matter is, we have change going on in our bodies, so that now no kind of knowledge. The only differ every part of our system is composed of ence then between our knowledge of mind different particles from what it then was. and that of matter, is, that consciousness But here again, our own knowledge of ourby which we know mind, is more authori-selves stands directly opposed to this view. tative as a source of knowledge, than are the No one has a single doubt but that he is senses by which we know matter, Now the identical being, that he was at the time with such knowledge as we have of the of his earliest recollection. properties of mind, and of the properties To those who believe in the immortality of matter, we must judge whether those of of the soul, and in future reward and purthe former may belong to the latter. Weishment,is this an irrefragable argument. For, will give some reasons why they may if a man is all the time losing his old soul not.
and all the time getting a new oue, it would First: we have already shown that the certainly be unjust to punish or reward the properties of extension and divisibility in new soul for ibings that another one did. matter are altogether incompatible with And if the soul is a material organization, the properties of the mind.
de all such organizatians are liable to decomposition, we should reasonably infer that it
HEART MEMORIES. is not immortal, for our material organization is entirely decomposed at death.
BY AN INVALID, Matter is subject to fired, unalterable laws by which it is governed, without any choice
“O fons Bandusiæ splendidior vitro,
Dulci digne mero, non sine floribus." of its own. If then mind is matter we, are
[HORACE. mere machines; an idea contrary alike to How beautiful is the doctrine of compenrevelation and common sense.
sation, in all God's works! Light and shade, When we walk oyer the clods of the field,
cold and heat, storm and sunshine, are found do we ever suppose that they liave the pow
e the pow. in grateful variely. When many evils force er of sensation and volition ? or of thought
themselves upon our attention, they are aland imagination, so that they can compose
Se ways compensated by alleviating cireumthe plays of Shakespear, or a Paradise Lost?
stances. We never attribute those properties to mere
Glance at New England. Her rude, matter, which would enable it to produce
rough soil, is, in places, almost barren. Her its great work of genius and art, which are
"Trocky hills find their counterpart only in the the product alone of immortal mind. An argument may be drawn from the
stern, massive hearts, and souls of unflinch
|ing integrity, of her primitive settlers. But structure of languages. Words are the rep
these objectionable features are compensated rezeutatives of ideas. And men have geu
by a climate of matchless healthfulness; erally united in the formation of different
and that rude, rough suil, prompts to habits languages, to give different names, and ascribe essentially different properties to mind
of patient industry-themselves the secret of
health and carefulness. and matter. Thus we see the principles,
Go to the El Dorado of the West, where deep laid in our very constitution, lead us to
the gentle rains of heaven are restrained for jelieve that there is a generic difference be
months by the clouds so prodigal of their treen our mental and bodily patures.
stores to other sections, and we might supFrom these facts and reasonings we are
pose its sultry globe unendurable; but earth led to conclude that man has a soul, visible
is there prodigal of her mineral treasures, only to the eyes of God, and other disem
such as might tempt even Mammon bimself bodied spirits. What the essence of thrt
KI—"Mammon, the least erected spirit that soal is we know not. Of the nature and
fell from heaven." cause of its connection with the body, we know nothing. The nearest we can come to
This world is not all unmitigated evil, nor philosophizing on this point is to say; "O
is it all unchanged perfection. The good God, we will praise thee, for we are fearful
and evil mingle, and neither predominate as ly made.”
yet, for at present earth is the grand battle
field on which sin and boliness are contenIt is wortliy of remark, that the same arguments that are used to prove the immor
ding for the mastery, and they will continue tality of the soul, will also apply to prove
to mingle in the fight until eartb's jubilee its immortality. For if the soul is immor
arrives, and darkness is banished to its pri
meval bome. tal and indivisible, it is not liable to be decomposed, and therefore must exist through
A solitary bright spot on the page of memeternal ages; unless there is passed upon it
ory has induced these reflections. There an act of annibılation, of which the records
| are many such bright spots, as I turn over of eternity do not furnish to us an exam
the leaf of that pleasant book—but of this
one I would speak particularly. Knox College, Sept. 30, 1852.
To the pilgrim of many lands, who has
noted his “Wanderings beneath the shadow One doubt may lead to disbelief. of Mont Blanc,” or the “ Jungfrau Alp"
with - Sundul shoon" and staff has dreamed spring, with its open sides, in the form of away a delicious summer on the Rbine, I an Indian Pagoda, arising in its graceful prodoubt not many strong and romantic scenes portious, and surrounded by its tapering have appeared. But I also doubt whether a spire. I see the gracıful wreath of mist incre romantic prospect has been visited, that rises up and Aoats gently away, like a than one found in our own country, I refer cloud of incense from some Grecian altar, sato the “Blue Licks of Kentucky.” There cred to Beauty and Harmony. I see all exist both romance and reality. What led these with most vivid distinctness, and it me to think of the doctrine of compensation makes me feel once more like the dreamy in connection with these springs is their pe- sentimental student of bygone years. culiar location. '
| The Spring is of the octagoval form, and Iniagine an immense barren tract of coun- in the remembrance of its grateful and extry for many miles in extent, as destitute of hilarating coolness, I alınost forget that ite vegetation as the Desert of Lybia, variega. atmosphere is all too redolent with sulphurted only by gentle elevations of land, and etted hydrogen gas. Of yore, I loved to sit small fiayreuts of stone, and you have an by the hour at the bubblii g fountain, amid ilea, faint and shadowy, of the visible sur the dreamy fantasies its presence naturally ronndings of the Blue Lick Springs. Nei- inspires. ther tree, nor shrub, nor bush, gladdens the! By that same fountain the red man had eye, save a few stunted cedars, that only add sat and dreamed, long before bis huntingto the scene of desolation. It is gloomy and
grounds were molested, or evin dreamed of
| by the white man. Of its healing water be desolate as the place of graves. But the springs make ample amends for
had doubtless often drank, when disease inall this barrenness and sepulchral gloom.
vaded his system; and by its margin, too, A living fountain bubbling up from the bo
the gentle Indian maiden had often perform
ed her incantations, when bowed beneath som of the ear:h, in an immense volume, makes the heart ynd, and throws a feeling
the power of an ivauspicious love. of cheerful solemnity around ; for it is im
But we should gather instruction from er
erything around us. We should “find bouks possible to separate other feelings and sensa
in the running brooks, sermons in stones, tions from one of sacred awe.
and good in everything.” That resplendent There, in the deep loneliness of the dell,
fountain tells me that, like all things one looks upon that rushing spring and in
earthly, it will fail; that the time will come voluntarily thinks of the poetic fictions of
when it will be swept away amid the conantiquity--Dryads and Nymphs throng the vulsions of
vulsions of earth, and bids me drink from vision-obe feels upon holy ground. Like those undying waters that flow from the the old patriarch of Horeb, one feels like do
0.- fountain of life. Tbat fountain will never ing homaye to the presence of God.
fail--he that drinks shall be athirst no more The view of these Springs by moonlight ***
ngh -Erie Commercial. is most entrancing. All around is in deep repose. No sound agitates the air, save the ECCENTRICITY.-A sea captain of this port bubbling of the bright waters, as the gas it seems had his oun monument erected in arises to the surface and mingles with the Greenwood Cemetery, at a cost of several atmosphere. The moonbears, as they fall thousands of dollars. The monument is simupon the water, are broken by its gentle un-ply a figure of himself, a short, sturdy, mardulations, and linger in evanescent beauty iner, in cap and frock coat, taking an obserupon its surface.
| vation with his sextant. The oll gentleman That moonlight scene is now before me.visits his own grave frequently, and. points I see with strange particularity the octago- out with enthusiasm the goud points of the nal structure which encloses the principa' statue.- Home Journal.
DAILY ROUTINE IN THE LIFE OF J and his breast. Tous purified and sanctiLOUIS XIV.
fied be repeated a short prayer, which the
church had taught him, and then rose in his Tae following was the ordinary routine bel. A noble lord then approached and of life, day after day, and year after year, presented to him a collection of wigs from with Louis XIV., in the Palace of Versailles: which he selected the one which he intended
At eight o'clock in the morning two ser- to wear that day, and having condescended vants carefully entered the chamber of the to place it, with his own royal hands, upon King. One, if the weather was cold or damp, bis head, he slipped his arms into the sleeves brought dry wood to kindle a cheerful blaze of a rich dressing gown, which the head upon the hearth, while the other opened the valet de chambre beld ready for him. Then shutters, carried away the collation of soup, reclining again ipon his pillow, he thrust roasted chicken, bread, wine and water, one fout out from the bed clothes. The which had been placed the night before at valet de chambre reverently received the the side of the royal coucb, that the king sacred extremity, and drew over it a silk might find a repast at hand in case he might stocking. The other limb was similarly require refreshment during the night. The presented and dressed, when slippers of emvalet de chambre then entered and stood broidered velvet were placed upon the royal silently and reverently at the bedside for feet. The king then devoutly crossing bimone half hour. He ibeg awoke the inonarch, self with holy water, with great dignity and immediately passed into an ante-room moved from his bed and seated himself in a to communicate the important intelligence large arm chair, placed at the fireside. The that the king no longer slept. Upon receiv- king then announced that he was prepared ing this ansouneenent, an attendant threw to receive the first entree. None but the open the double portals of a wide door especial favorites of the monarch were favorwhen the dauphin and his two sons, the ed with :in audience so confidential. These brother of the king, and ibe Duke of Char- privileged persons were to enjoy the ecstatic tres, who awaited the signal, entered, and happiness of witnessing the awful ceremony approaching the bed with the utmost so- of shaving the king. One attendant prelemnity of etiquette, inquired how his ma-pared the water and held the basio. Anojesty had passed the night. After the inter- ther religiously lathered the royal chin, and val of a moment the Duke du Main, the removed the sacred beard, and with soft Count de Toulouse, the first lord of the bed spunges, saturated with wine and water, chamber, and the grand master of the robes, washed the parts which had been operaentered the apartment, and with military ted upon and smoothed them with silken precision took their station by the side of towels. the courb of recumbent royalty.. Immedi-1 And now the master of the robes apately there followed another procession of proaches to dress the king. At the same officers bearing the reyal vestments. Fagop, moment the monarch announces that he is the head physician, and Telier, the head ready for his grand entree. The principal surgeon, completed the train.
attendants of royalty, accompanied by sevThe head valet de chambre then poured eral valets de chambre and door-keepers of upon the hands of the king a few drops of the cabinet, immediately take their station the spirits of wice, holding beneath them a at the entrance of the apartment. Princes plate of enamelie: silver, and the first lord often sighed in vain for admission to the of the bed chamber presented the nonarch, grand entree. The greatest precautions who was ever very punctilious in his devo- were observed that no unprivileged persons tions, the holy water, with which the king should intrude. As each individual premade the sign of the cross upon his head sented himself at the door, his name was