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ful hand the strings of the breathing lyre.— on this little feather amount to one million Then soft, low tones rolled out upon the ear, four hundred thousand, which gives the and roused from his unhappy musings, Isra- number of fourteen thousand millions to one el's mighty Ruler. They found an echo in squa'e inch. On a very minute particle of his heart, and stilled the tide of passion ; dust from the wing of : mindge, measuring and a smile returned upon his brow, as it only one five-hundredth of an inch in width, was wont in former deys, ere the “dark the number of scales is found to be eighty tempter" had found a shrine within his four thousand, which gives the enormous heart. It must have been a holy sight, that sum of forty-two thousand millions to one young and sinles3 boy, stilling with power- square inch. We observed also large sizes ful spell ihe tumult in a mind wbich bither of the cat and conmon ho'ise flea, the eye to bad been impervions to all proffered sym- of the fly, and the wing of a small bug, the pathy, and closed its portals against the ap- latter presentin; the most brilliant colproach of kindness. It might almost seem ors and beautiful sa vl-pattern we ever beas though some angel haud from the “un- beld, with a magnificent border elaborately trodden spheres” .ad swept those goldeu ornamented. harp strings, and rolled from thence those magic strains.
AMERICAN AUTUMN SCENERY.
A POWERFUL MICROSCOPE.
BY N. P. WILLIS.
A German pamel Hassert, residing in The first severe frost had come, and the Cincinnati, has invented a inicroscope which miraculous change had passed upon the has a magifying power of six hundred leaves wbich is kuuwn only by America.times. The Cincinnati Times, speaking of The blood-red sugar njаple with a leaf brigb1ts extraordinary powers, says, that the dust ter and more delicate than Circussian lip which, by contact with the wings of a but. stood here and there in the forest like the terfly, adheres to the finger, was shown to Sultan's standard in a bost—the solitary and be a number of feathers ; on these little far scen aristocrat of the wilderness-the feathers are observed longitudinal and trans. birch, with its spirit-like and arnber leaves, verse lines: but this has been, so far, the ut- ghosts of the departed summer, turned out most that has been seen. This new micro- along the edges of the woods like a lining scope, however shows, that between each of the palest gold ; the broad sycainore and pair of longitudinal lines there are five or the fan-like catalpa flounted their saffrou fosix rows of :scales, like those of a fish, and liage in the sun, spotted with gold, like the appear to have the same form in all the wings of a lady-bird; the kingly oak, with feathers, diff ring only in size. A dust par- its aumnuit shaken bare, still bid its majestic ticle, taken from the back of the body of a trunk in a drapery of sumptuous dyes like sphinx, which is the largest of these feathers a stricken monarch gathering his robes of shown, measuring one-fifth of an inch in State about him to die royally in his purlength, and one two-hundredths of an inch ple; the tall poplar, with its mivaret of silver in breadth, had one bundred and four longi- leaves stood blanched like a coward in the tudinal lives. Between each pair of lines, dying förest, burdening every brecze with six rows of scales were visible, making the its complainings; the hickory paled through number of these little scales, laterally, six its enduring green, the bright berries of the hundred and twenty-four; the number of mountain ash flashed with a more sanguine scales longitudinally, downwards would be glory in the unobstructed sun, the gaudy two thousand two hundred and tiventy eight; tulip-tree, the sy barite of vegetation, striptherefore, the entire number of these scales ped of its golden cups, still drank the inNIL DESPERANDUM OTHER SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERIES, &c. 543 toxicating light of boon-day in leaves than / pastures and still waters of peace. You which the leaves an Indian she'l were ner shall yet uubuckle your dusty arnor, while er more delicately tinted; the still deeper- soft breezes shall fan your victor temples. dyed vines of the lavish wilderness, perish Nil desperandum ! ing with the noble things whose summer they had shared, out slone them in their de- |
OTHER SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERIES dine, as woman in her health is heavenlier
MAY SUPERSEDE STEAM, than the being on whom in lifo she leaned; and alone and unsymp:thizing in this universal decay, outlaws from nature, stood the
In speculations like these, the probable, if
not certain progress of improvement and fir and the bemlock, their frowning and
discovery, ought not to be overlooked; and sombre bends darker and less lovely than
we may safely pronounce that, long before ever, in contrast with the death-stricken
such a period of time sball have rolled away glory of their con anions.
other and more powerful mechanical agents
will supersede the use of coal. Philosophy "NIL DESPERANDUM.” already directs her finger at a source of inex
austible power in the phenomena of elecNo, never! Every cloud has a silver tricity and magnetism. The alternate delight; and He wbo wove it knows when to composi'ion of water, by electric action, has turn it out. So every night, however long, too close an analogy.to the alternate procesar dark, there-hall yet come a golden mor- ses of vaporization and condensation not to Ding. Your noblest powers are never de occur at opee to every mind. The developveloped in prosperity. Any bark mayment of gasses from solid matter by the opglide in smooth water with a favoring gale; eration of the chemical affinities, and their but—that is a brave and skilful oarsman who subsequent condensatiou in the liquid form, rows up stream against the current, with ad- has already been essayed as a source of verse winds, and no cheering voice to wish power. In a word the general state of physhim “God speed.” Keep your head above ical science at the present monient, tbe vigthe water; let neither sullen despair, oror, activity, and sagacity with which regweak vascillation, drug you under. Heed searches in it are prosecuted in eyery civilized not the poisoned arrow of sneaking treache
arrow of sneaking treache-country, the increasing consideration in ry, that shizzes past you from the shore. which scientific men are held, :ind the per
old himself when he sold bis mas- soval bonors and rewards which begin to be ter; and for him there dawned no resurec- conferred upon them, all justify the expection morning! 'Tis glorious to battle on tation that we are on the eve of mechanical with a brave heart, wbile cowering pusilla- discoveries still greater than any which have nimity turns trembling back. Dream not of vet appeared; tbat the steam engine itself, the word “surrender!"When one frail human with its gigantic powers, will dwindle into red after another breaks, or bends beneath insignificance in comparison with the eneryou-lean on the “Rock of Ages.". The gies of nature which are yet to be revealed ; Great Architect passes you through the fur- land that day will come when that machine, nace to purify. The fire may scorch, but it, which is now extending the blessings of civshall never consume you. He will label ilization to the most remote skirts of the you "FINE GOLD.” The narrow path may globe, will cease to have existence, except be thorny to your tender feet; but the in the page of history.-Lardner on the "promised land" lies beyond! the goal of Steam Engine. Hope may be seen with the eye of faith ;-! your hands yet grasp them; your eyes re- ! (PYouth indulges in hope, old age in vel, from the mountain top over the green remembrance.
WEBSTER ON THE EVIDENCE OF inpress upon every man the conviction that CHRISTIANITY.
he must stand or fall alone--he must live
for himself and die for himself, and give up A few evenings since. sitting by his own his accounts to the omniscient God, as fire side, after a day of severe labor in the though he were the only dependent creature Supreme Court, Mr. Webtor iatroduced the in the Universe. The Gospel leaves the indilast Sabbath's seripon, and discoursed in vidual singer alone with himself and his animated and glowing el.qnerice for an God. To his own master be stands or falls. hour on the great truths of the Gospel. I He has nothing to hope from the aid and cannot but regard the opinions of such a sympathy of associates. The deluded ad. man in some sense as public Property.- vocates of new doctrines do not so preach.This is my apology for attempting to recall Christ and bis Apostles, had they been desome of those remarks which were uttered ceivers, would have not so preached. in the privacy of the domestic circle.
If clergymen in our days would retum to Said Mr. Webster: Last Sabbath I listen- / the simplicity of the Gospel, and preach ed to an able and learned discourse upon more to individuals and less to the crowd, the evidences of Christianity. The argu- there would not be so much complaint of ments were drawn fro:n prophecy, history the decline of true religion. Many of the with internal evidence. They were stated ministers of the present day take their text with logical accuracy and force; but as it from St. Paul, and preach from the newspaseemed to me, the clergym in failed to draw pers. When they do so I prefer to eujoy from them the right conclusion. He came my own thoughts rather than to listen. I so near the truth that I was :stonished he want my pastor to come to me in the spirit missed it. In sumoming up his arguments, of the Gospel, saying you are mortal, your he said the only alternative presented by probation is brief; your work must be done these evidences is this : Either Christianity speedily. You are immortal, too. You is true, or it is a delusion produced by an are hastening to the bar of God; the Judge excited imagination. Such is not the al-standeth before the door.' When I am thus ternative, said the critic; but it is this: The admonished, I have no disposition to muse Gospel is either true history, or it is a con- or to sleep. These topics,” said Mr. Web. summate fraud ; it is either a reality or an ster, "have often occupied my thougnts; and imposition. Christ was wbat he professed if I had time, I would write on them myto be, or he was an impostor. There is no self. other alternative. His spotless life is in his The above remarks are but a meagre and earnest enforcement of the truth, bis suffer- imperfect abstract, from memory of one of ing in its defence, forbids us to suppose the most eloquent sermons to which I ever that he was suffering an illusion of the listened.--Congregational Journal. heated brain.
Every act of his pure and holy life shows MAINE LAW CONVENTION. that he was the author of truth, the advocate of truth, the earnest defender of truth, and! At the recent Maine Law Convention in the uncomplaiving sufferer for truth. Now New Jersey, a thousand delegates were in considering the purity of bis doctrines, the attendance from every section of the State. simplicity of his life, and the sublimity Judge Kennedy, the U. S. Marshal for the of his death, is it possible that he woulu State, presided, and the Hon. Th-oilore Frehave died for an illusion? In all his preach-linghuysen was chairniad of the committee ing the Savior made no popular appeals.-on Resolutions. The committee reported a His discourses were all directed to the indi-series of resolutions, which were unanimousvidual. Christ aud his Apostles sought to'ly adopted.
I the earth.
THE SOUL-IS IT MATERIAL.
545 The Ist, declares that the evils of intem- THE SOUL-IS IT MATERIAL? perance cannot be overcome while the traffic in liquors is continued, and that the people TAE opinions respecting this, that are have a right to bring it to an end by legisla-worthy of consideration, are but two. One tion or other means.
| is, that consciousness, reason, perception, The 2d, that a prohibitory law is no in- will, memory &c., are the powers of a being fringement of any ryan's rights, and is as separate and distinct from the body; and loudly called for as laws against gaming the other, that these are only the result of houses, lotteries, or selling poisonous food. finely organized matter. Each party hold.
The 3d recommends to the people to trying its separate theory, unites in calling the every means to suppress the traffic, both by subject of thought, mind; while one thinks moral suasion and the ballot box.
that it is immaterial, and indivisible; and the The 4th recommende 'that all such men be other asserts that we can trace it no farther sustained for the Legislature as are favora than to the brain, and therefore there is no ble to a prohibitory law.
reason to suppose that it is anything aside The 5th says that it is not deemed desira
from the same first matter with the dust of ble to have a separate political party; but it is the duty of the temperance men to lahor
That we have within us a sentient, acting, in their respective parties for the selection
willing principle we know by the best of of suitable nominees; and if not successful,
all evidence, our own consciousness, by to bring forward candidates of their own.
wbich we perceive its energies and actions.
The question then to be decided between The 6th recommends temperance alliances
the materialist and immaterialist, is whether and the adoption of all means to promote
Intellect, Perception and Volition can rethe temperance cause.
sult from any organization of mere matter. The 7th says, that it is the duty of every If they can, then we must refer them to Christian to discourage drinking usages. nothing else in man; if pot, it must be
The 8th congratulates Maine on her law. granted that the soul is something, separate
The 9th urges temperance men to cultivate and distinct, from the clay that surrounds Christian feelings, and expresses a hope of it. succeeding by the power of truth spoken in Dr. Priestly, one of the most able of all love.
the materialists, after referring to the settled The Presbyterian says:-“The resolutions principle of Philosopby, that we must awere advocated by Mr. Frelioghuyser in a dopt the simplest theory in every case that speech of great sublimity and power. His will explain all the phenomena--that we wbole countenance was radiant with joy, as must not multiply causes and kinds of subhe exclaimed, 'A day of brighter hope never stances, unless absolutely necessary-then dawned upon my native State! Many affirms,that it is not necessary to suprose vept under the tenderness and solemnity of anything other than a particular, material his closing appeal. It was a scene to be re- organization, in order to explain any apmembered in years to come. The Conven-pearance of mind wbaterer. He says, if we tion adjourned this morning, after a session follow the above named principles, we must of great unanimity and enthusiasm. Three naturally conclude that thought, sensation and thousand dollars were subscribed towards will are properties of the same thing which the publication of documents, and the can we call m:tterWe quote his words for the vassing the State in behalf of a law prohibi reason of the conclusion: "The powers of tory of the traffic in intoxicating drinks.” sensation or perception, and thought, as be.
longing to man have never been found but Vol. VII.-2
Tin conjunction with a certain organized sys
tem of matter; and therefore these powers Because the mind rijele sud de ays with necessarily exist in, and depend upon such the body, and on the other band the body a system.” This is what the Doctor calls is affected by the mind, Dr. Priest!y affirms the "direct and proper proof, that the sen- that we have the same reason to conclude tient principle in man is the material sub- that the faculty of thinking is the result of stance of the brain.”
material organization as that sound is the He farther enforces this by such thoughts result of a particular concussion of the air. as the following: Whenever we see any Granting his premise to be true, this reasonparticular quality existing always in connee- ing would be correet, if the arguments for tion with any certain substance, we always the immateriality were pet greater than infer that qnality is inherent in that sub those for the opposite side. There are no stance. Now we never see manifestations reason for considering sound as not resulting of the mind, except in conncction with mat- from the concussion of air, but there are ater. Therefore, (judging as we do in other bundaut reasons for not considering mind as cases,) we must conclude that matter is es- the result of material organization. sential to mind, and tha: the latter is inber. We would therefore agree with Dr. Priestent in, and a property of the former. In ly in the former but disagree in the latter
| conclusions, for it is manifestly wrong to every instance where a man loses his brain,
"draw such an inference from the mutul afthe mind also is destroyed; and when the
fection of body and mind. To in fer this mind is impeded, there is good reason to believe that the brain is correspondingly affec
from the fact that mind and body recipre
cally affect each other, is as absurd as if we ted. Also as the mental powers increase
should say that the Astronomer and his and ripen with the body, likewise with it
Telescope were one and the same. But we they decay; and if sometimes this does not
"deny the truth of his promises An acseem to be true, it is evidently because in
count is given, upon good authority, of the those particular cases, the brain is not much
death of a lady, caused by an affection of affected by the general cause of weakness.
the brain, the brain being entirely turned to But if the brain alone be affected by a blow,
water, whose mind was as clear as usual,and by pressure, by inflammation, or by sleep,
" altogether unaffected until the minute of the faculties of the mind, are, invariably,
ber death. A number of instances might likewise effected. These be calls irrefraga
be cited of a kindred nature. Portions of ble arguments. "In fact” he remarks "there
the brain bave been taken away from differ is just the same reason to conclude tbat the
at the ent persons till all the brain has been repowers of sensation aud thought are the moved; but the mind in, all these cases renecessary result of a particular organization,
mained unaffected. as that sound is the necessary result of a
Again, he infers becanse if you take away a particular concussion of the air. For in
of a man's brains, his mind will be gone also ; both cases equally the one constantly ac- therefore the brain is the mind. There cer. companies the other; and there is not in vao tainly is a connection between the mind and ture a stronger argument for a necessary the brain, the latter being ne essary for the connection of any cause, and any effect. manifestation of the former. The Anvil To form an opinion different from this, is to and the Harpmer, also, are necessary for the adopt an hypothesis, without a single fact to Blacksmith's craft; but must we therefore support it.”.
conclude that they are the Blacksmith ? We will now state some grounds for re Dr. Priestly affirms that all the phenomjecting the reasoning of Dr. Priestly, and of ens of mind may be explained upon the The materialists generally, and then try to principle of a material organization. Here show that the evidence in the case is all in if his assumption were correct, we shoula, favor of the immateriality of the mind with him, consider the question settled.