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"Oh! Doctor, I don't know; it is rather a INSTINCTIVE KNOWLEDGE OF IN. serious question. Marriage, you know, binds
SECTS. one for life, and it should not be rashly entered into-I would not consent without ta- ! Of all animals, insects afford the most nuking time to deliberate upon it.”
merous instances of instinctive proceedings "My time." says the doctor. " is so much with this sole end in view (self-preservaoccupied, and my session has said so much tion); the pitfalls of the ant-lion, the webs to me on the business, that I must finish it and nets of the various sorts of spiders to day, if I can, 80 you had best tell your spread over the face of natnre, furnish inyoungest sister to come to me."
stances of stratagems to secure their daily In a moment comes the honest, lively Miss food, while an infinity of others acquire it Mary W-n.
| aided only by their senses and natural wea"Come away, my child,” said the doctor, pons. Let any one look at the prominent “it is getting on in the afternoon, and I must eyes, tremendous jaws, and legs and wings get home to my studies. I have been speak- formed for rapid motion on the earth or in ing to both of your sisters on a little busi- the air, of tiger-beetles, and he will readily ness, and they have declined--I am a man see that they want no other aid to enable of few words, and without misspending pre- them to seize their less gifted prey; and docious time, what would you think of being merous other tribes, both on the earth and made Mrs. L- n?”
in the water, emulate them in these respects. "Indeed I always thought a deal of you. The pacific or herbivorous in sects, also, are doctor, and if my mother does not say aught mostly fitted with an extraordinary acuteagainst it, I have no objections."
ness of certain senses to direct them to their The doctor left Miss Mary in a few min-appropriate pabulun. The sight of the bututes, enjoiving her to fix the day, for any terfly and the moth invariably leads them would suit him, but to send him up word to flowers, to suck whose nectar their multithe day before.
valve tubes are given them. The scent of The doctor was scarcely home before a the dung-beetles and the carrion flies, alkeen dispute arose in the family an:ong the
lures them to their respective useful, though three young ladies, all claiming the doctor. disgusting repasts. A very numerous tribe The eldest one said the offer was first made of those that derire their nutriment from to her, and she did not positively refuse. The other animals, neither entrap them by stratsecond one declared that she wished only a agem, nor assail them by violence; but, as little time to think upon it; and the young the butterfly and the moth deposit their eggs est insisted that it was completely settled upon their appropriate vegetable, so do these with her. The mother of the young ladies i"
1.lice upon their appropriate animal food. Every was in such difficulty with her daughters,
bird, almost, that darts t brough the air, every that she was obliged to call upon the doctor beast that walks the earth, every fish that himself to settle the dispute. She called. swims in its waters, and almost all the lower and the reverend doctor, in his characteristic animals, and even man himself, the lord of way, said :
| all, are infested in this way. “My dear Mrs. W—n, I am very fond of Many spiders prepare a web for their propeace in families. It is all the same thing tection, although the inost employ it for to me which of them, so just settle it among predatory purposes; and some again envelyourselves and send me up word.”
ope their eggs with such material; and The doctor was married to the youngest hence Menge distinguishes it as residence, and one of his sons is at this day a respecta. net and nest. One of the most singular conble clergyman, in the land of the mountainstructions belong to the trap-door spider, a and the flood,"
I species of which is described by M. Audoin, under the name of pioneer or fodiens. He except that in fabricating the first, the anisays some spiders are gifted with a particu- mal bas to kocad the earth as well as to lar talent for buildivg; they hollow out spin the layers of web. By this admirable dens; they bore galleries ; they elevate arrangement, these paris always correspond vaults ; they build, as it were, subterranean with each other, and the strength of the bridges ; they construct, also, entrances to binge and the thickness of the frame will their habitations, and adapt doors to them always be proportioned to the weight of the which want nothing but bolts, for, without door. If we examine the circular margin of any exaggeration, they work upon a hinge, the door, we shall find that it slopes inand are fitted to a frame. The habitations wards, so that it is not a transverse section of the species in quesiion, are found in an of a cylinder, but of a cone; and, on the argillaceous kind of red earth, in which they other side, that the frame slopes outwards, bore tubes about three inches in depth, and so that the door exactly applies to it. By ten lines in width. The walls of these this structure, when the door is closed, the tubes are not left just as they are bored, but tube is not distinguishable from the rest of are covered with a kind of mortar, sufficient- the soil, and this appears to be the reason ly solid to be easily separated from the mass that the door is formed with earth. Besides, that surrounds it, and as smooth and regular by this structure also, the animal can more as if a trowel had been passed over it, and readily open and shut the door; bv iis conthis is covered with some coarse webb on ical shape, it is much lighter than it would which is glued a silken tapestry. If this I have been if cylindrical, and so more easily passage were always left open, the spider opened, and by its external inequalities and would be subject to intrusion and attack; mixture of web, the spider can more easily she has therefore been instructed to fabri-lay hold of it with his claws. Whether sho cate a very secure trap-door, which closes enters the tube or goes out, the door will the mouth of it. To judge of this door by shut of itself. its outward appearance, we should think it The caddis worms, or larvæ of the fourwas formed of a mass of earth, coarsely | winged flies. in the order Trichoptera, live worked, and covered internally by a solid under water, where they construct for themweb; which would appear sufficiently won- selves movable habitations of various matederful for an animal that seems to have no rials, according to their habits or to the subspecial organ for constructing it; but if it stances most conveniently procured, such as be divided vertically, it will be found a sand, stones, shells, wood and leaves. One much more complicated fabric than its out of these grubs foris a case of leaves glued ward appearance indicates, for it is formed together longitudinally, but leaving an aperof more than thirty layers of earth and web, ture sufficiently large for the inhabitant to emboxed, as it were, in each other, like a set put out its head and shoulders when on the of weights for scales.
| look-out for food ; another employs pieces If these layers of web be examined, it of reed-grass, straw or wood, carefully joined will be seen that they all terminate in the and cemented together ; another makes hinge, so that the greater the volume of the choice of the tiny shells of young fresh-wadoor, the more powerful is the hinge. The ter mussels and spails to form a movable frame in which the tube terminates abore grotto, and as these little shells are for the and to which the door is adapted, is thick, most part inhabited, he keeps the poor aniand its thickness arises from the number of mals close prisoners, and drags them along layers of which it consists, and which seem with him. But one of the most surprising
I with those of the door: hence instances of their skill occurs in the structhe formation of the door, the binge, and the tures of which small stones are the principal frame, secm to be a simultaneous'operation, materials. The problem is to make a tube
about the width of the hollow of a wheat- knacks. Only fifty? Dear me! Show me straw, and equally smooth and uniform; something better.” and as the materials are small stones, full The priestess stared; the bachelor remained of angles and irregularities, the difficulty of perfectly col. Here was a customer! A performing this problem will appear to be man who wanted something better-earer. considerable, if not insurmountable ; yet the More veils—lace ones-were displayed. little architects, by patiently examining their “Dis is only sixtee, sair; and dis one, serstones, and turning them round on every entee-five.” side, never fail to accomplish their plans. “Dear mel only seventy-five? Well, tbat This, however, is only part of the problem, | 18
i neoblem is wonderful, to be sure. It's a very pretty which is complicated with another condition,
article, I see—but-can't you show me somenamely, that the under surface shall be flat |
thing better ? and smooth, without any projecting angles
"No, sair; dis is de most dear-de plus which might impele its progress when drag.
cher articlè iu de citev." ged along the bottom of the rivulet wbere it
"You don't say so! Well, well. Who residos. In some instances, where these lit would have thougbt it? These women, lle cases are found to possess too great a
these women! they always were a mystery, specific gravity, a bit of light. wood or a hol- ever since the days of Adam. Give me the low straw is added to buoy them up.-The change for a dollar-in quarters." Passions of Animals.
The milliner did so.
"I'll take this one,” said the simple-mindTHE BACHELOR AND THE LACE ed bachelor, folding up the seventy-five veil. VEIL.
“Give me a quarter, and keep the seventyThe following very good story is told by | Who would have thought it?”
five for yourself. Dear me, how cheap!-the Columbian & Great West:
" I see no seven tee-five, sair. You have Not inauy days since, a gentleman, who
no hand them to me," said the milliner. had lost a het with it lady, and who hnd
“I beg your pardon, ma'am," said the beard her say that she had lost a lace veil which she prized much, thought he would
bachelor, amiably and smilingly; "there
they are on the counter," poiuting to the pay his debt and“ do the polite thing" by
oy three quarters. purchasing a new veil of fine quality, and
| "Dis?” exclaimed the milliner, with an present it to his fiir creditor. It inust be stated, for a proper under
" That." said the bachelor, more smilingly standing of what followed, that the gentle
that the gentle than ever, preparing to put the veil in his
than ever. o man was a bachelor of long standing, and a pocket. mau of little information touching the world' " Ah, de man fou-crack-a-brain! I tell of " fancy goods,” though a proficient in you, Monsieur, dat article de most dear in sugar, cotton, and provision speculations. the citec! You onderstan me--you no on
He accordingly stepped into a fashio'iable derstan de Inglish! De most dear, I tell milliner's establishment, and asked to see a youseventee-five dollar.” lace veil-of fine quality.
“What !” said the baci.elor, turning rather " Here is one, Monsieur,” said the amia- pale, and dropping the veil as if it bad sudble priestess at the lead of the temple. denly turled to a coal of fire in bis hands " How much is it?"
'Seventy-five dollars!" "It is only fiftee, sair."
“Yes, sair; and very sheep at dat.” " What ! only fifty! Dear me! I thought "Seventy-five dollars for that cobweb ! I These things were exceedingly dear. If that's thought you meant seventy-five cerits.!” all they cost, I don't wonder at the ladies If ever a bachelor walkıd fast, that bachbeing fond of wearing such flimsy koick-elor did. He goes around, now, in a stew
of indignation, relating his adventure, and Sisters, are not our rights sufficieutly comwinding up his story with the words— prehensive, the sanctuary of home, the throne
“Yes, sir, the female French woman ac. of the heart, the moulding of the whole mass tually asked me seventy-five dollars for the of mind, in its first formation ? Have we short end of a cobweb pri
not power enough in all realms of sorrow An inexperienced bachelor going into a and suffering, over all forms of want and ig. fancy millioer's store is pretty much like an norance, amid all ministries of love, from innocent fly venturing into a spider's nest.
the cradle dream to the sealing of the sepul. chre ?
Let us be content and faithful, aye, more, WOMAN'S SPHERE.
grateful, and joyful-making this brief life BY MRS. SIGOURNEY.
a hymn of praise, until admitted to that
choir which knows no discord, and where "I have given her as a belp-mate,” said melody is eternal. the Voice that cannot err, when it spake unto Adarn "in the cool of the day,” amid the
THE MOTHER'S LAST LESSON. trees of Paradise. Not a slave, a clog, a toy, a wrestler, a prize-fighter, a ruler. No, “Will you please teach me my verse, maA HELPER.
ma, and then kiss me and bid me good night,' If the unerring Creator has assigned dif- said little Roger L , as he opened the ferent spheres of action to the sexes, it is to door and peeped cautiously into the chambe presumed that some adaptation exists in ber of his sick mother ; I am very sleepy, their respective spheres, that there is work but no one has heard me say my prayers." enough in each to employ them, and that the Mrs. L- was very ill; indeed her at. faithful performance of that work will be tendants believed her to be dying. She sat for the welfare of both. If He hath consti- | propped up with her pillows, and struggling tuted one as the priestess of the "inner tem- for breath ; her lips were white; her eyes ple,” committing to her charge its veiled were growing dull and glazed. She was a shrine and sacred harmonies, why should she widow, and little Roger was her only-her covet to rage amid the warfare at its gates, or darling child. Every night he had been in to ride on the whirlwind that may rock its the habit of comii g into her room, and sit. turrets ? Rushing, uncalled to the strife, or ting in her lap, or kneeling by her side, while the conflict, will there not linger in her heart she repeated passages from God's holy word, the upbraiding question, “ with whom didst or related to him stories of the wise and good thou leave thy few sheep in the wilderness." men spoken of in its pages. Why need she again be tempted by pride, or | “Hush ! hush !” said a lady who was curiosity, or glowing words, to forfeit her watching beside her couch. “Your dear moown Eden ?
ther is too ill to bear you to-night!” As she The true nobility of woman is to keep her said this shecime forward, and laid her hand own sphere, and adorn it, not as the comet, gently upon his arm, as if she would lead daunting and perplexing other systems, but bim from the room. Roger began to sub as like the star, which is the first to light the if his little beart would break. day and the last to leave it. If she win not "I can not go to bed without saying my the laurel of the conqueror and the blood prayers-indeed I can not. shedder, her noble deeds may leave “foot "The ear of the dying mother caught the prints on the same sands of time,” and her sound. Although she had been nearly in. good works, "such as become those that pro- sensible to every thing transpiring around sess gudliness," find record in the Book of her, the sobs of her darling aroused her stuLife.
| por, and turuing to a friend, she desired her
to bring her little son and lay him on her portunity. In large shops, in cities, the boys bosom. Her request was granted, and the are neglected by both employers and jourchild's rosy cheek and golden head nestled neymen ; they are male to do the drudgery beside the pale, cold face of the dying mo- work, and there are many exciting things ther.
| wbich lead away their thoughts from their "Roger, my son, my darling child,” said business, that, with few exceptions they do the dying woman, repeat this verse after me not seek for knowledge by conversing with and never, never forget it: “When my father one another, or with the journeymen, about and mother forsake ipe, the Lord will take this and that improvement. or the scientific me up.” The child repeated it two or three part of their business. In spare moments times distinctly, and said his little prayer.- their talk is principally about this file enThen he kissed the cold, almost rigid fea- Igine beating another one, or this and that tures before him, and went quietly to his lit- steamboat beating such another one; they tle couch. The next morning he sought, as do not converse about the causes which prousual, his mother, but he found her stiff and duce certain effects, but talk about effects cold.
without the least allusion to causes. An apThis was her last lesson. He has never | prentice. in a city, must run with a fire enforgotten it; be probably never will. He gine or belong to some military companyhas grown to be a man-a good man-and and thus his mind is diverted from being en. now occupies a post of much honor and pro-ployed usefully in acquiring a full and comfitin Massachusetts. I never could look up-plete knowledge, practical and theoretical, of on him without thinking about the faith su his trade. There can be no doubt but what beautifully exhibited by his dying mother. there is a greater variety of different kinds
of work done in the city than there is in Never be idle. If your hands cannot be country shops ; and were all other things usefully employed, attend to the cultivation equal, this would claim from city shops the of your mind.
pre-eminence for the acquirements of a good
mechanic but the draw backs are so numerBOYS IN CITIES AND COUNTRY.
rous that we advise the young man who We frequently have been asked by parents, wishes to be a good mechanic, to serve at from the country about the propriety of ap. | least the first three years of his apprenticeprenticing their sons in cities. The idea seems ship in some country shop, under a 'good, to be prevalent that a youth can learn to be a skilful and attentive employer. After that better tradesman in the city than the coun- | he should come to the city and learn what try. We believe it is a mistaken one; they
he can, if he is rooted and grounded in will learn to be better tradesmen in a coun- moral principles ; if not, let him not come try shop, if the employer is a good mechan- near the alluring scenes of a city life. ic and a steady man, than they can do in the We find great fault with mechanics in evcity. A small shop also has more advauta- ery shop, in country or city, for being so litges for an apprentice than a large one. He tle devoted in searching after the very know. has an opportunity of putting his hand early ledge which would be most beneficial to to all kinds of work, and therefore he be-them in their separate trades. How few of comes a more general workman than the one
them learn to be draughtsmen and mathe who learns his trade in a city. It is also bet
Arada in a city. It is also bet-maticians! and yet these qualifications an ter for a young man to learn bis trade in a
essential to their rise and progress in life. shop where the re is only one apprentice than
It is to be regretted that so few of them read where there are many of them. In a shop and study good works in comparison with where there are a number of boys, they play the great many who read useless and empty and trifle away their time every inviting op books, and whose conversation is distin.