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pet call, as he still preached Christ and Him

For t'ie Miscellany. crucified. The whip is laid ou bis back till

MENTAL IMPROVEMENT. the blood starts with every blow, and then

BY T. W. LAMPHIERD, A. M. his mangled body is thrown into a dungeon; but at midnight you hear that same calm MENTAL Improve'nent may be defined, the voice which has shaken the world, poured storing the mind with principles and facts forth in a hymn of praise to God, and lo relating to every subject of human knowan earthquake rocks the prison to its foun-edge, and the improving and disciplining of dations; the manacles fall from the hands of all our irtellectual faculties so as to render the cap:ives, the bolts withdraw of thein. that knowledge most serviceable to ourselves selves, and the massive doors swing back on and others. That the present state of sotheir hinges.

ciety renders the acquisition of these princiOne cannot point to a single spot in his ples and facts a duty incumbent upon us, career, where he faltered for a moment, or will appear evident from one consideration, gave way to discouragement or fear. Thro' viz: The progress of society daily brings to all his perilous life, he exhibited the same

light hitherto undiscovered principles, and intrepidity of character and lofty spirit.

reveals new facts which have an important With his eyes fixed on regions beyond the

bearing upon the happiness of man, in all ken of ordinary mortals, and kindling on

his varied circumstances and multiplied reglories it was not permitted him to reveal,

lations. These discoveries and their appli

cation to human wants constitute the prohe pressed forward to an incorruptible crown

gress of society. a fadeless kingdom. And then his death,

1. Every man is bound to exert his whole how indescribably sublime!

| influence in favor of truth and virtue. He Napoleon, dying in the midst of the mid

who refuses to avail himself of all the means night storm, with the last words that fell

which are placed within his reach, by which from his lips a battle cry, and his passing

sing he may inci ease his influence, is wantır.g in spirit watching, in his delirium, the torn

the discharge of his duty to man and God. heads of his mighty columns, as they disap

I would not be understood to convey the peared in the smoke of the conflict, is a

idea, that all may arrive at the same emisight that awes and startles us. But behold

nence, or exert the same amount of influence, Paul, also a war-worn veteran, battered

even though they may devote the same with many a scar, though in a spiritual war

amount of time to mental improvement fare, looking back not with alarm, but trans

Something must doubtless be imputed to port; gazing not on the earth, but heaven.

the account of natural talent of which thero Hear his calm, serene voice ringing over the is a great Jiversity. We beholj this diversistorms & commotions of life:“I am now rea

ty in men of every ag.. and nation. Some dy to be offered, and the time of my depar-hote

nepar, however who are placed under the most fatare is at hand. I have fought a good fight,

tagood night, vorable circumstances for mental improvment I have finished my course, there is laid up I rise pot to an eminense half so high as that up for me a crown of righteousness.” Nolto

to which others rise who are placed under sbouts of foemen, nor smoke or carnage of

unfavorable circuinstances. The self-taught battle surrounded his spirit staggling to be

man, who struggles with poverty, and the free: but troops of shining angels, the smile I envy of an envious world, often surpasses, in of God, and the songs of the redeemer

every branch of literature and science, him these guarded him and welcomed him home.

who has been favored with all the advan-Selected.

tages of the best-endowed and best-regula

ted university. The difference in intellect Be careful in your promises and just in which we witness among men may not, | performance of them.

therefore, be owing so much to diversity of Vol. 7, No. 5–14.

natural talent, as to the degree to which ideas they may do us more harm than good. that talent has been cultivated. Hence it is There are many other works that must be proper to remark, that the facilities for men-studied for the sake of the information tal improvement with which men are favored which they contain; and some of them are very dissimilar. One has wealth and should be used as a sort of capital on which health, another poverty and sickness. Even to commence thinking, as a merchant bires in the State of Michigan a highly favored a thousand dollars on which to commencs portion of the earth, some degree of wealth business, and then depends upon his own is necessary to obtain instruction in the resources. higher departments of knowledge, so that

Patient thought is entirely opposed to that

method of reading which is practised by the children of the rich possess many advan

many individuals, viz : reading without retages over those of the poor. On examina

flection,—without questioning the truth of tion, I am inclined to believe there is a

"I the author's sentiments, ascertaining the corgreater difference in the facilities for im

rectness of his positions, or examining the provement with which men are favored, than

soundness of his principles, but indiscrimiin the natural talent with which they aru

nately approving the whole. endowed. And as God in his wisdom has

The neglect of patient thought is the suffered these differences to exist, so will be

great cause of that superficial knowledge wisely adjust our separate accounts, and re

which prevails at the present day. Many inward and punish every man according to his

dividuals seem to thiok that they can very works..

easily ascend the steeps of science, by the 2. Patient thought, causes the chief differ- aid of a few books and popular leeturesence between man and man considered as they may amuse themselves with these an intellectual beirg. Without it none can pleasing dreams, but they must at last wake hope to arrive at greatness; with it none up the sober reality of labor--constant perneed fear being dwarfs in literature and severing labor, if they would ensure succes science. It will readily be admitted, that Patient thought is indispensible to mental we must exercise patient thought, if we improvement. would treat on any subject so as to interest 3. The power of generalization is necessary, and profit men ; we must revolve it in our by this I mean, the applying of one general minds again and again, till we are satisfied law to all the subjects which it embraces; as that it canno: appcar to us in any new light, the applying of the morality of the gospel so and that we are fully prepared to defend all the minutiae of public, social, domestic every position which we have assumed.- and private life. Without further remarks, True, we nay read various authors, and then the reader will see the importance which use their ideas, but in this case there would must be attached to this, and its intimata be 110 originality and by consequence, no connection with the duties of teachers. credit, except for patient research. We 4. Knowledge and power of language, is in. should not undervalue nor overvalue reading. I dispensible. Men may differ as it regards All historical works, and all elementary the faculty of acquiring and using language, works,' numerous as they are, should be but all can improve, and all should endeavor studied as text-books. We expect to derive to use that language which will best convey our knowledge of principles from elementary their exact meaning. I do not say that every books, and the knowledge which these con- | individual ought tu be able to apply to every tain must be regarded as common property sentence, at a moment's notice the rules of Thus, commentaries are valuable when we grammar and rhetoric, but he should, if pose resort to them 28 sources of historical and sible acquaint himself with the principles critical knowledge ; but if we use them as on which these sciences are founded, and common place books from which to obtain t forin his taste in accordance with them that he may avoid errors, and write and speak Look upon the hills. Autumn and her with propriety. Many have noticed the ef- sprites are busy there; wherever their dancfect wbich beautiful language and fine figures ing touched the sward, lo! it is trans-figured, have produced upon the public mind, men and a thousand nestling beauties sleep in the have been delighted and charmed and have little bollows they have made gaze upward almost loved the writer or speaker for the to the skies; has summer gone there? They enjoyment he has afforded them. The com- are as darkly, as richly blue, in her softer munity expect either beauty and elegance, reign. The little runnels babble to the or force and sublimity in all the productions meadows, answer back again, and tell how of professional men, and they will not rest strange a desolation cometh in the train of satisfied with anything short of this. They Autumn, and how, if they were little brookrequire of every individual who desires to lets, they would find some dark, warm cav. influence them, whatever may be bis stationerns, out of the reach of grasping winter.-in life, the same character in kind, which But the brooklets, like children, heed pot they require of public men. The degree in the words of experience, and babble on which he must possess it they willingly contented because just now, they are warm, graduate by the facilities for improvement and the sun glitters in their very depths. which he has enjoyed. The rising genera

1 Behold again, Autumn wraps her mantle tion are coming upon the theatre of action to

N of scarlet about her form and bows her head carry these requisitions still further, and shall

in sorrow. Just beyond the enclosure I see we not prepare ourselves to guide them in

| her, shadowy, yet bright moving like a spirthe paths of truth and virtue, so that when

"lit, while the fading verdure scarcely feels the we in our turn retire behind the scenes, the

pressure of her soft tread. And Autumn is wise and good may take our places. How

among the tombs-among the green mounds can we prepare ourselves but by grasping with

and wbite monuments. Many a babe that a firm and steady hand these reins of influ

one year ago held forth its tiny hands to ence? To some individuals has been intrustod splendid natural talents, and to many God

greet her lies there sleeping.

Many a young bride who waited for her has given favorable opportunities for mental

I to bless her bridal, twelve months ago, is improvement. Hence, they should grate

folded in the cerements of the grave. He fully receive and carefully improve whatover he has committed to their trust, in the

swung his scythe, and carolled a song to her humble but confident expectation that he

honor, when last she was there, he of the will continue still to display his infinite wis

manly form the powerful aim, the noble

brow, the merry eye of blue, has finished dom, in causing, “ the weak things of the

his course in his bright time, and his head is world to confound the things which are

pillowed on a lowly bed. Autumu misses mighty.” More anon.

the venerable anıl the aged; she pauses by ROSE, October 8th, 1852.

the tall shafts that mark the repose of the

fallen great; she kneels by the simple headAUTUMN.

stone of the village clergyman, and her fio

gers play with the shaded chaplet that a. SWEET Autumn, bright beautiful Autumn dorns a father's grave. is here. Behold her hand-writing on the Yes, Antumn, we have lost our beloved leaves; it is traced with a pen dipped in the since last the fair heavens crimsoned at thy hues of the rainbow. Here how gently she wooing. Shake from the golden tresses the sings the requiem of the flowers, poor tender pearls that summer rains hare fashioned things, that are perishing because summer is tliere: they cannot repay us for the long absleeping, and needs them no longer to make scence of that darling babe, the death sigarlands for her sunny-brow.

| lence of that cherished father. Give of thy

full store from the vintage and fruits glow •

For oh his happy spirit, ing under thy smiles—they can never revive

Which Jesus died to save;

Doth holy joys inherit, that poor frame that lies waiting for a final|

In heaven beyond the grave. visit from the angels.-- Boston Olive Branch.

My angel was too beautiful,

For earth's polluted breath ;
For the Miscellany.

Father I'd be dutiful,

Although he's sunk in death.
THE OCEAN.

Perhaps my little treasure,
BY AN OCEAN DWELLER.

Doth o'er me hover now;
The seal the sea ! the glorious sea,

O what a sacred pleasure, With its blue and bounding waves for me;

I'll unto Jesus bow, I love to skim o'er its crested surge,

Lord grant to me this token, With a full fair breeze my bark to urge;

O give me one request; I love o'er its mirroring face to flee,

My family unbroken, A bubble afloat on the boundless sea.

In paradise to rest.

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The landsman may prate of the pleasure of home,
But sufficient for me is the wide oceans foam;
When calm is its face and fair is the breeze,
To follow my course o'er the pathless seas;
Oh! there is my home and enough for me
Is the mountain wave of the fetterless sea.

For the Miscellany, LINES.

BY T. D. w.

And when wild winds are piping loud
Then bends the mast and strains the shroud;
When the tempest clouds are flying past,
And the close reefed vessel scudding frust;
When the foaming waves are lashing in glee,
I fear not to dwell on the stormy sea.

When sinks the sun to his golden rest
In the crimson clouds of the glowing West;
The calm old ocean's heaving swing,
A thought of boundless power will bring;
And to him who fashioned the waves so free,
My prayer ascends from the mighty sea.

MARY HARTMAX.

“He ordered the sea to be scourged with a morstrous whip,and directed that heavy chains should be thrown into it, as symbols of his defiance of its pow. er, and his determination to subject it to his control, -Abbotts History of Xeries.

Vain is the boast of princes,-rain,

Are all the gifts of earthly pow'r,
At most they're but a glittring train,

The offsprings of a sunny hour.
Near by the sea, a monarch stands,

With many gems his brow was crowned,
Surrounded by his war-like bands,

Which stretched all o'er the lands around.

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Who thought to rule the roaring sea,

| and promised to look after it, “the first conAnd make it bow unto his hand.

venient season.” The elders, however, were Where is he now ?-a little dust,

not to be put off any longer ; they insisted And but a mere remembered name;

on the doctor at once making use of the His arms long since have gone to rust,

means, and requested from him a promise And all that's left of him is fame.

that, on Monday afternoon, he would straightThen vain the boast of princes,-vain,

way visit the house of a widow lady, a few Are all the gifts of earthly pow'r,

doors from him, who had three pretty daughtAt most they're but a glit'ing train,

ers, and who were the most respectable in The offsprings of a sunny hour.

the doctor's congregation. To solve any difSeptember, 1852.

ficult passage in the book of Genesis, to reMAKES NO DIFFERENCE.

I concile apparent discrepancies, or clear up a knotty text, would have been an agreeable

and easy task to the doctor, compared with A SINGULAR COURTSHIP,

storming the widow's premises. But to the The Rev. Dr. L- n, an eminent Scotch

raising of the siege the doctor must go, and divine, and professor of theology, was re- with great gravity and simplicity, gentle reamarkable for absence of mind and indiffer

der, you can imagine you see him commenence to worldly affairs. His mind, wrapt up cing the work in lofty contemplations, could seldom stoop

| After the usual salutations were over, he

said to Mrs. W— : to the ordinary business of life, and whea at

T "My session, have, of late, been advising any time he did attend to the secular affairs,

me to take a wife, and recommended me to hegenerally went about them in a way unlike|

| call upon you; and as you have three fine any body else, as the history of his courtship dan

"P|daughters, I would like to say a word to the will show. He was greatly beloved by his eldest, if

| eldest, if you have no objection.” elders and congregation; was full of simpli

1 Miss

W o enters, and the doctor, with city and sincerity, and entirely unacquainted his

his characteristic simplicity, said to her : with the etiquette of the world. Living the

| "My session have been advising me to Bolitary, comfortless life of a bachelor, his

"take a wife, and recommended me to call upelders gave him frequent hints that his do

on you. mestic happiness would be much increased The young lady, who had seen some thirby his taking to himself a wife, and pointed ty summers, was not to be caught so easily. out several young ladies in his congregation, She laughed heartily at the doctor's abruptany one of whom might be a fit match orness ; hinting to bim that, in making a sercompanion for him.

mon, it was necessary to say something first The elders finding all their hints had no ef- to introduce the subject properly, before he lect in rousing the doctor to the using of the entered fully upon it; and, as for her part, means preliminary to entering into a matri- she was determined not to surrender her libmonial alliance, at last concluded to wait erty at a minute's warning-- "the honor of upon him, and stir Lim up to the perform- her sex was concerned in her standing out.” ance of his duty. They urged on him the ! This was all a waste of time to the doctor, advantages of marriage--its happiness-- and he requested to see her sister. spoke of it as a divine institution, and as af- ! Miss E. W then entered, and to save fording all the enjoyments of sense and rea- time the doctor says, “My session have been son, and, in short, all the sweets of domestic advising me to take a wife, and I have been life. The doctor approved of all they said, speaking to your sister who bas just gone and apologised for his past neglect of duty, out at the door, and as sbe is not inclined that on account of many difficult passages of way, what would you think of being Mrs. Scripture be had of late been attending to, - ges

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