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buried beneath the snow and ice, the Green- whose sinews were laid open with each lander consumes his fat, which he has just stroke, the Frenchman could hardly keep carved, rejoicing over the costly prize, from bimself from fainting. At length the flog. a stranded whale. Here the black slave ging ceased, but not until one of the girls sucks the sugar cane, and eats his banana; fell, bathed iu blood, and dying to the earth." there the African merchant fills his wallet | Another traveler in Russia, bearing one with sweet dates. his sole sustenance in the morning the cries of intenses suffering from long desert journey; and there the Siamese a number of women who were being flogged, crams himself with a quantity of rice from could not restrain his tears. The lady of the which a European would shrink appalled. house, finding him in this state, and not unAnd wheresoever over the whole inhabited derstanding that the sights of such torments earth we approach and demand bospitality, could so move him, informed him that it in almost every little spot a different kiud of was entirely from kindness and atteution to food is set before us, and the “daily bread" a stranger that she had ordered eighty of her offered in another form.

servants to be flogged for neglecting to gather wild strawberries for his breakfast.

| The last instance we can find space to give FEMALES IN RUSSIA.

of the utter disregard for the rights of hu

manity in the treatment of the Russian poOwing to the enormons consumption of

| pulation, is the forcible carrying off of young the army, the female population of Russia

children. The Emperor sets the example, greatly exceeds that of the males. Women

and carries off the children of the Poles and are of little value; the banks will only adl

Jews by hundreds, in pursuit of a remorsevance money npon the male serfs, counting 1;

8 less policy directed against the two races.others as over and above. We are at a loss for words to describe, without offense, the

| The nobles carry off children, not only for demoralizing effect of these things. The

pleasure," says M. Michelet, " but also as a

means of speculation. We will cite as an master-not so often the lord as the agent or

example one who trained up whole troops overseer, who tyravizes over the wretched

of dancers, some of whom he exhibited in people-enslaves his own brother, sells his

the theatres of Moscow, and sold others, at sister, and often his daughters, into a servi. tude worse than death. The lash, the uni

| high prices, to those nobles who amused versal punishinent, or stimulant, is not spar

themselves with operatic performances in

their own mansions." We need do do more ed to woman. A French gentleman who was thrown into prison at Moscow, without

to demonstrate the universal corruption and

debasement that pervades society under the a shadow of pretext Day after day the wretched serfs, whose masters sent them to

most perfect form of absolute government be flogged by the obliging police, were brought before the grating of his dungeon, DEATH AND SLEEP.-A PARABLE to which he was drawn by some irresistible attraction-some spell of terror. The sights / In brotherly embrace walked the Angel of he witnessed and the sounds he heard, had

Sleep and the Angel of Death upon the earth such an effect upon his brain that be became

It was evening. They laid themselves down nearly idiotic. One day, two young girls, upon a hill not far from the dwelling of men. milliners, scarcely twenty years old, were A melancholy silence prevailed around, and sent by their mistress to be flogged. They the chimes of the evening bells in the distant were torn with the rod. “They writhed hamlet, ceased. Still and silent, as was and shrieked for mercy. At the sight of the their custom, sat these two bepificent genü bleeding bodies of these unhappy girls of the human race, their arms entwined with

cordial familiarity, and soon the shades of mankind; makes clear the vision; bringe night gati ed around them. Then atose joys to his life, and breathes over his soul's the Angel of Sleep from his moss-grown destiny a deep repose. Go and drink there couch, and strewed with a gentle band the from, thou whom fortune has not favored, and invisible grains of Slumber. The evening thou wilt soon find thyself rich. Thou maybreeze waf: :d them to the quiet dwelling of est go forth into the world and find thyself the tire i brisbandman, enfolding in sweet everywhere at home; thou canst enjoy thySleep the ir mates of the rural cottage, from self in thy own little chamber; thy friends the old man upon the staff, down to the in-are every where around thee; nature, antifant in the cradle. The sick forgot their quity, he ® n, are accessible to thee! pain; the mourners their grief; the poor

FREDERIKA BREMER. their care. All eyes closed. His task ac

[The above is but one, among the many complished, the benevolent angel of Sleep | beauties, which seem to flow with a natural laid himself again by the side of his grave ease and happy effect from the pen of this brother.

fair and truly gifted authoress.] "When Aurora awakes," exclaimed he, THE RAPIDS OF THE ST. LAW. with innoceat joy, " Men praise me as their

RENCE. friend and benefactor. O what happiness, unseen and secretly to confer such benefits! Only a few years have passed since the How blessed are we to be the invisible first attempt was made to "run the Long messengers of the Good Spirit! How Sault” by a steamer. Now all the rapids beautiful is our silent calling !" So spake from Dickinson's Landing, about forty miles the friendly angel of Slumber.

below Ogdensburgh, to Montreal are passed The angel of Death sat with still deeper |

over by the daily lines of steamers, and we melancholy on his brow, and a tear, such as think we can assert without fear or contra. mortals sted, appeared in his large. dark diction, that the passage of the St. Laweyes. “Alas !” said he, “I may not, like

I may not like rence from Kingston to Quebec is the most thee, rejoice in the cheerful thanks of man

n. l interesting of any known to the traveler. kind; they call me, upon the earth, their

arth their Those who have passed through the Lachenemy and joy killer.” “0, my brother,"

ine rapids will bear testimony to the truthTeplied the gentle angel of Slumber, "and |

fulness of the following description, which will not the good man, at his awakening,

we find in the last number of the Presbyterecognize in thee his friend and benefactor,

Corian, especially the appearance of the In

| dian pilot while the boat is dashing through and gratefully bless thee in his joy? Are we not brothers and ministers of one Fa

the troubled waters: ther?” As he spoke, the eyes of the Death

| SHOOTING THE RAPIDS.—But the rapids Angel beamed with pleasure, and again did

or what is technically called "shooting the the two friendly genii cordially embrace

aca rapids," i. e. going through them in the each other.-Kummacher.

steamer, will be ample compensation for the trip; at least when you have once got

safely through with the shooting. One or BEAUTIFUL EXTRACT.

two of these rapids are from nine to twelve

miles long, the current descending with One four tain there in whose deep-lying great rapidity-in some of them, it is said, Tein bas onay just begun to throw up its silver at the rate of twenty-five miles an hourdrops amorg mankind-a fountain which so that the water is broken into quite a will allay the thirst of millions, and will white capped sea and pitching as it does give to those who drink from it, peace and over ledges of rocks, makes a novel and not joy. IT IS KNOWLEDGE-the fountain of in- altogether comfortable sort of river steamtellectual cultivation--which gives health to'boat navigation.

Whenever we approached one of them, Once more the Indian's eye is ablaze, eve. four men were stationed at the wheel in the ry muscle in his face is working, and as the pilot's house, the narrow sinuous, and tur- bows of the steamer droop for a fall into the bulent channel requiring great power, and “cellar,” as the French appropriately term dexterity in managing the boat. In passing the watery chasms bis tongue protrudes, and the "split-rock” in the Cedar rapids, you his whole face is like that of a man frenzied. seem at one time to be dashing right on the Safely out of the “cellar,” we are jostled threatening ledges which are just apparent-| first to one side, then the other, still dashing ly but a few feet below the surface; but down the boiling current, when a sudden just as you are making up your mind to the concussion careeps the boat over, and "She catastrophe, the watchful pilot has inter- | has touched!” falls at once from the lips of posed, and the gallant boat turns gracefully a dozen passengers who are anxiously look. aside, and glides swiftly and safely on her | ing down at the rocks just under the bows, way.

but she has cleared the rocks, and the con Until very recently, the steamers were cussion was only from the angry waves, apnot accustomed to go over the Lachine parently indigpant that a presumptuous rapids—the last passed before reaching Mon- steamer should venture in the domains treal-the passengers being sent fromcabove where they hold their revels. them to the city by railway. Now, how-! Another drooping of the bows and descent ever, a practicable channel has been dis-into a “cellar," and another tossing about covered, and the boats daily descend in safe- in all directions at once, and we are once ty even over the boiling torrents of the more dashing steadily along fairly over the Lachine. Just before entering this most last of the rapids, and alike agreed among difficult part of the river, an Indian pilot the passengers, that we should not care to is taken on board from an Indian village on go over the Lachine every day. Once safethe shore.

| ly over, however, no one will ever regret the The tall son of the forest—who has learn

beautiful and exciting spectacle he witness. ed the way through this seething labyrinth

ed in passing them. In ascending the river of water and rocks, in bis frail canoe,

the steamers avoid the rapids by means of

canals. mounts to the pilot's house, and, assisted by three or four other stalwart men, takes his place at the wheel, whilst another man goes

MECHANICS. aft and lays hold of the lever attached to the rudder, so that in case of accident to the

BY MRS. M. A. DENISON. tiller ropes, there may still be a hand at the helm. A moment more, and the boat is rol- THERE are yet those, we are sorry to say, ling and dashing forward on the unsteady ) who have so little appreciation of what is cui rent. The Indian pilot gazes down on really great and imperishable—for the archie the pitching waters, as if he would penetrate tect lives forever in the creation of God's their very depths, his eye fairly flashing fire. own hand--that they imagine the world In an instant the eight hands are running would jog on very well if there was no such over the wheel like fingers over a well play- thing as a trade, and no such laborer as a ed instrument, and the tiller chains rattle as mechanic. if they were all running away; the boat. But wait; the end is not yet. Education; trembles for a moment, makes a heavy not money, is the principle to be used in the plunge, then wheels gracefully round, and enfranchisement of the working man, the goes on her course. She has passed one of lever that is yet to raise him above every the shoots, and is moving off to find the en- other class in point of nobility of mind, iDtrance to a new and worse one.

tellect and person.

There is great force of character ilisplayed | The union of mental harmony with phyin our sturdy “bone and sinew;" for the sical, and condensation of vital and spiritumechanic, in his rudest estate, is still a powo al force, the vigorous, compactly knit frame, erful example of what gigantic effort in the and the cultivated mind, must make greatcalling to which be has devoted his life may ness io which nope earthly can approach.do, in suggesting thoughts, and fixing prin- If you scan tbe congregations in our churchciples, that are too often found wanting is es, you will notice mechauics in variably the student and the scholar.

form a large proportion of the hearers.Take one department of his labor; go to They want no weak arguments, they are the ship-yard; let your eye rove from keel able to cope with weighty reasons, they unto mast-head, of the gigantic vessel, soon to derstand when the man who speaks of their battle for supremacy with the deep. Is it relations to God and eternity, is one worthy not a mighty exhibition of the power of to instruct immortal souls. They may not man? There is something almost sublime, be competent to dissect his language, to tell nay, there is sublimity in the thought that which word was proper and which was not. man has the faculty, God given, to set in but they analyze his sermon in such direct, motion so many springs of the human mind; | forcible terms, that one would wish that for mind is to labor what the pen is to the many a minister possessed their ready, natuthought.

ral power, set off with the adornment of Count the boards iu her huge frame; you l education, and where would you find their cannot; the eye wearies ere it scarcely leaves

superiors? the ground. If you would feel your little

We would see our mechanics where we ness, lift your hand to her towering sides are sure they will one day stand-on the if you would feel your greatness, think how first round of the ladder of society ---Dot to it has been fashioned by labor. Do you be

displace any class, but to share rewards and lieve the mechanic, as he treads the glisten- I triumphs with the most exalted. We would ing deck after the work is all accomplished,

see them throw aside babits which mar them sees nothing here but planks, rivets, nails, as men, and make them unworthy their great pitch, masts, blocks, spars and sails? I calling.

No; though he be not fully conscious of Not that we wish them to display hands it, he beholds the working out of a great white and graceful;—we love to grasp the idea; day by day as he prosecuted his task, rough palm of the worker; it has toiled step by step as he approached heaven with for the good of the world and its roughhis instruments of skill, has his intellect ac-ness is kindly. Not that we would see the quired new strength.

brow unindented with lines of care, the face He may not arrange and class his thoughts unfurrowed, or the form unbent; let labor with grammatical accuracy; he may bring put her own mark of distinction on thesethem out with the force and resonance with they are all well and fitting there. which he wields his own sledge-hammer, Self-debasing habits, the low slang phrase, but they tell; they drive a conviction, to the common customs that certain associathe mind of the listener, and clinch it there. tions beget-these we would have them

Ignorant of conventionalities the mezha- forego. Let their badges be yet the mason's nic may be, and upwarrantably so;-we see apron, the carpenter's overall, the box of no reason why he should not be the polished tools,-only let them cherish habits of neatgentleman as well as the accomplished ar-ness, politeness, delicacy; let them be scholtisao,--but who has not been astonished at ars, equal to cope with statesmen, able to the brilliant metaphors, the quick, keen re- read critically, and receive or reject, acpartee, the apt simile, thrown forth with cording as a ripened judgment shall direct so little studied effort, by the unlearned la- Let them fit their sons for students, and borer,

then--MECHANICS, for there is no really nobler calling, search the vaunted professions | nic ruling the destinies of our nation,-a through. Let them direct the minds of their mechanic the President of these United daughters, that our mechanics may bave States. wives with cultivated powers, not mere Farmers have taken the helm of state, household drudges, or mere fashionable pa- lawyers and soldiers; now we must advance rasites. Then shall labor be called “ holy," a mechanic, to represent alike the vast interand a “delight,” and then will the dignity ests of a great people, and the living principle of the true republican American character, in himself, that labor is the handmaiden of sbine in its brightest lustre.

God, worthy the highest exaltation, and that A mason called one day with his working heaven itself was not prepared witbout laimplements at the house of a friend in another bor. city, where we were in the habit of visit- We believe that to-day some thoughtful. ing.

faced man is driving the plane or the saw, There was something striking in bis ap- holding the axe or the graver's pencil, shappearance, besides the finely-developed head ing the plow, or giving its lustre io the me(a common feature of American working tallic instrument of labor, who will yet atmen,)-a suavity of address that led one to tain the eminence; who thinks above bis toil, look up to him, and receive him with like and reads after it; whose mind, resting upon courtesy. With as much of an air as we the revelations of our holy rel zion, seeks have seen a well-bred gentleman enter a for no new and improved truths, (?) who is drawing-room, he unfolded his utensils, and driven to no fanaticism by oue absorbing, proceeded to mend the hearth.

overruling idea. Now it may sound rather common-place, We believe that man is working at this but the man conferred a dignity upon the hour, directing and controlling chose who act. And all the while his conversation be- are placed under his charge, and study. trayed highly-cultivated powers of intellecting those elements that apply directly to the and imagination; it was a treat to listen to science of skilful government. him. Our friend informed us that not only had that gentlemen gathered what might be

MODERN JERUSALEM. considered a good fortuve, but he had so improved and stored his intellect, that he was master of several languages, a thorough Eng

Bayard Taylor gives us a not very flatterlish scholar, and a tolerable theologian.

ing picture of the Holy City, as it now is. This was not at all extraordinary; his intel

his intel. He says, in a recent letter to the New York lect was no greater than thousands at this

Tribune: moment possess; the secret lay in applica

| Jerusalem, internally, gives no improssion tion, that golden word of words; he counted

unted but that of filth, ruin, poverty and degradatime, grain by grain; not a moment passed

tion. There are two or three streets in the unemployed, nor did he disdain to acquire a

western or higher portion of the city which graceful deportment. The result is that all

are tolerably clean, but all the others, to the men are proud of his acquaintance, and show very gates of the Holy Sepulchre, are chan. him, from the president down, that the gold nels of pestilence. The Jewish Quarter, and silver that confer honor on any station, which is the largest, so sickened and disgus. are the real, riuging coin of intellect,-a ted me that I should rather go the whole coin that no cunning mint-man can counter- round of the city walls than pass through it feit.

a second time. The bazaars are poor, comWe want first that mechanics as a class, pared with those of other Oriental cities of should be like this man--noble in nature, the same size, and the principal trade seems mighty in knowledge. Then we would see, to be in rosaries, both turkish and Christian and we believe we shall live to see a mecha-crosses, seals, amulets, and pieces of the Ho

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