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fume of sweet pears; this is obtained by ductions ; this the chemist has done in those distilling it with sulphuric acid, acetate of new productions which we have described. lead and alcohol. Sweet scented apple oil | There are hundreds of other discoveries yet is obtained in the same manner, only the to be made--they are waiting to reward inbichromate of potash is employed instead dustrious and perse ring experimenters.of the acetate of lead. An oil fragrant as Scientific American. the pine-apple is obtained from a soap made of butter, and distilled along with alcohol
MAN AND THE ATMOSPHERE." and sulphuric acid ; an oil which imitates that derived from almonds, and which is so
One of the best arguments in favor of extensively used for scented soap, is made
our earth being a special creation, opposed from offensive coal oil distilled along with
to the nebular hypothesis, or the nonsensinitric acid. Dr. Hoffman, one of the jury of chemists
cal electrical matter theory, is derived from at the Great Exhibition was deeply impress
the atmosphere, that wonderful ocean of gas ed with the importance of these discoveries,
in which we live, and which we inbale at and in a letter to Liebig he particularly di
every breath. Viewing natural laws as the rects his attention to them. The component operations of matter, (not the properties of parts for the production of pear oil, be
it, which all natural-law theorists blunderstates, are one part by measure of fasil oil. ingly mix together) we cannot conceive two parts of sulphuric acid, six of alcohol.. how the moon could ever have been a part and two parts of the ao ate of lead. The of this planet in a gaseous or fluid state, ac. oil of bitter almonds is quickly made by cording to the vebular hypothesis. The having a glass worm with two tubes, thro' | moon has no atmosphere, no seas, no lakes' one of' which flows the nitric acid, and no rivers. Thuse men who talk of natural through the other benzole; when they mect laws being eternal and universal, and of the and unite, forming the nitrate of benzole. whole of the planets, with their satelites, which is the substitute for the oil of bitter and the glorious sun, being at one time a almonds. The most extravagant prices bave huge mixed mass of gas, out of which they heretofore been asked and obtained for strong
were resolved by gravity, have never proscented oils, their prices must soon come
foundly reflected upon the simple question down to a more moderate standard.
Tof ‘respiration. The same laws are not in Chemistry has demonstrated the fact, that existence throughout every part of the unithe perfumes of flowers are but ether oils, verse. There may be laws in active force but the flower is still the most skilful chem. in some of the planets, unknown to our ist, for it neither finds its acids, alkalies, fats, planet, and of which we cannot have the por alcohol, ready made ; it collects them | remotest conception. from the air, the earth, and the falling rain. It must be so with respect to the solar This new branch of chemistry should arrist orb; philosophers have written and talked the attention of our chemists, for there can much about the cause of solar light-how it be no doubt of the fact, that an endless va- was produced-but the subject is still riety of perfumes can be obtained by the shrouded in mystery. On the moon's surdistillation of oils, fats, acids, alkalies, and al. face no gentle dews distil their sweets, and cohol together. The chemist cannot produce no refreshing showers falls upon the laya a single blade of grass ; in the true sense of rocks there; no flowers bloom, and no sweet the term-although it is so named—there is sounds nor perfume floats npon the gale ; Do such thing as "organic chemistry;" be there is no breeze for there is no atmosphere only works with non-vitalic matter, but at --all is a lifeless dreary waste. Those who the same time, it is certainly a triumph of recognize moral laws as eternal principles science to imitate nature, in any of her pro- and none but the morally insane deny them
-know that no moral law is in force in the is it that he has to toil for food to keep up moon, for moral principles are properties life, which merely goes into his system to be connected with intelligent and responsible quickly expelled therefrom? Why is he beings. If our plan had no atmosphere, made to require such food as demands unno living creature wall be seen moving on ccasing toil to produce it, or the sacrifice of its surface. The atmosphere must, from its other lives to enjoy? Why was le not very nature, have been specially created for made so as to feed upon air or water for man, and man especially created for the at food? These questions are all vain; the mosphere. His museles are solid pieces of nebulai hypothesists, who endeavor to acthe principal elements of the atmosphere.—count for all things, may be able to give It is composed of 79 parts nitrogen and 21 some answer; ours is, 'all things are done oxygen, and this very composition is evi. well;' there is beauty over all this delectable dence of a special design. A full grown world. person takes 40 cubic inches of this atmos-' It has been said that ‘nitrogen is a poison phere into his system every three sec- and oxygen the vital air ;' this is a great onds, and no person could exist for one error: oxygen is just as much a poison as minute if deprived of air, and if its compo- nitrogen, our atmosphere proves this. Oxsition were different, it would be incapable ygen is no doubt the active agent of respiof supporting life. Why this should be so, ration, but it only serves its purpose as we cannot tell; we only know that such is, combined with 79 parts of 'nitrogen to do the fact—one over which man bas vo con- this. In life it is ille fruitful agent for sustrol, to alter or amend by any invention taining our bodies, but it is also the fruitful whatever. Man did not create this atmos- agent which at last brings down the strong pbere for hims. If, nor did the atmosphere man to the grave, and re-composes his call itself into existence for him, and the frame into the clods of the valley, from natural law that could call them into exis-, which it originally sprung.–Scientific Atence, apart from the fiat of a great Intel- merican. ligent Being, according to some theorists, must be one they have dreamed about, for buch a law bas never had an existence since
"KISS ME MAMMA, DO KISS ME, I
CAN'T GO TO SLEEP.” time began on this earth.
To produce the simple act or respiration, “The child was so sensitive, so like that breathing—both the atmosphere and menta a rin
| little shrinking plant that curls at a breath, must have been specially created with the
and shuts its heart from the light.” properties and qualities which they possess.
The only beauties she possessed, were an The oxygep performs the most active part
exceedingly transparent skin, and the most in respiration ; it is extracted from the ni
mournful, large blue eyes. trogen in the lungs, and combines with the
I had been trained by a very stern, strict, carbon and hydrogen in the system, forming conscientious mother, but I was a hardy oxygenated compounds, such as carbonic pla
plant, rebounding after every shock; misacid gas, and the vapor of water ; these fortune could pot daunt, though discipline products are expelled from the lungs. The tamed me. I fancied, alas! that I must go oxygen acts as the supporter of low com
through the same routine with this delicate bustion, and the human body in life is like
creature ; so one day when she had displeasthe 'burning bush,' burning but not con-led me exceedingly, by repeating an offence, sumed. Why, it might be asked, was man I was determinod to punish her severely. I made to live on bread, &c.? If his body be I was very serious all day, and upon sending principally composed of water, and the her to her little couch, I said, "Now my principal element of the atmosphere, why daughter to punish you, and to show you bow very, very naughty you have been, I never. Her hand was locked in mine, and shall not kiss you to-night.”
all my veins grew icy with its gradual chill; She stood looking at me, astonishment faintly the light fıded out in the beautiful personified, with her great mouinful eyes eyes, whiter and whiter grew the tremulous wide open ; I supposed she had forgotten lips; she never knew me, but with her last ber misconduct till then—and I left her breath she whispered, “I will be good, with big tears dropping down her cheeks, mother, if you'll only kiss me.” and ber little red lips quivering.
| Kiss her! God knovs how passionate, Preseutly I was sent for ; "Oh ! mamma, but unavailing were my kisses upon her you will kiss me, I can't go to sleep if you cheek and lip, after that fated night. God dou’t.” she sobbel, every tone of her voice knows how wild were my prayers that she trembled, and she held out her little bands. might know, if only once, that I kissed her,
Now came the struggle between love and God knows how I would have vielded up what I falsely termed duty. My heart said my very life, could I have asked forgiveness give her the kiss of peace; my stern nature of that sweet child. urged me to persist iu my correction, that I Well! grief is all unavailing now. She might innpress the fault upon her mind.- Mlics in her tomb; there is a marble urn at That was the way I had been trained till I her head, and a rose bush at her feet; there was a most submissive child, and I remem- grow sweet summer flowers, there waves bered bow often I had thanked my mother the gentle grass ; there birds sing their since, for ber straightforward course. mating and vespers ; there the blue sky
smiles down to-day, and there lies buried I knelt by the bed-side; “Mother can't
the freshness of my heart. kiss you, Ellen," I whispered, though every word ch ked me; her hand touched mine;
Parents, you should bave heard the pathos it was very hot, but I attributed it to her ex
in the voice of that stricken mother, as she citement. She turned her little grieving
said, “There are plants that spring into tace to-wards the wall; I blamed myself as
I greater vigor if the heavy pressure of a footthe fragile form shook with half suppressed
step crush them; but oh ! there are others sobs, and saying "Mother hopes little Ellen that even the pearls of the light dew bend will learn to mind ber after this,” left the
to the earth.”—Olive Branch. room for the night.”
It might have been about twelve when I WINE-DRINKING ADVOCATES OF was awakened by my nurse; apprehensive,
TEMPERANCE. I ran eagerly to the child's chamber ; I had had a fearful dream.
BY ELIHU BURRITT. Ellen did not know me; she was sitting up erimsoned from the forehead to the throat, We need no new evidence to prove that her eves so bright that I almost drew back our moderate wine-drinking citizens are the aghast at thei" glances. From that night a most formidable enemies that retain the field raging fever drank up her life—and what against the progress of intemperance. We think you was the incessant plaint poured know that they are strong, very strong, that into my anguished heart; Oh, kiss me they occupy the highest walks of life and mother do kiss me, I can't go to sleep.- fill almost every station of honor, trust, and You'll kiss your little Ellen, mother, won't emolument. We know that they number in you? I can't go to sleep. I won't be their ranks the learned, the wise, and the naughty if you'll only kiss me, dear mam- powerful. We cannot employ towards them ma, I can't go to sleep."
any other language than that of respectful Holy little angell she did go to sleep one entreaty and expostulation ; por would we gray morning, and she never woke again- I do it if we could. No; we would say to
our fashionable wine-drinking citizens, - the ship-wrecked mariner has clung to his "come, let us reason together.”
frail plank through all the wilderness of the To you, gentlemen, we must address our wintry waves, and when in sight of the haappeal; for we recognize no other opponents
ven of rest, will you hang out false beacons in the field. The unreformed inebriate, the to lure him on to the breakers, whence his rum manufacturer, the rumseller and im- mangled corpse shall be dashed on the porter,are mere supernumaries in your camp;
sbore? When, with a desperate effort be they wear no arms; they are under your bas caught hold of the ark of safety, will protection ; and subsist on your example you strike off his hand and leave him to and support-We are your fellow-citizens.- sink in the waves? In many of the duties and avocations of life, we walk side by side ; in many of the
INTELLECT-LABOR. interests of our community, we take sweet counsel together. We can testify the integ- Are labor and self-culture irreconcilable rity of yoar honor, to the respectability of to each other? In the first place we have your standing, the cordiality of your friend- seen that a man in the midst of labor, may ship, and the munificence of your philanthro- and ought to give himself to the moct impy. And we appeal to these brilliant quali- portant improvements, that he may cultivate ties of the heart, when we say, that there his sense of justice, his benevolence, and are thousands of unfortunate beings who the desire of perfection. Toil is the school are trying in vain to reforın on your prin- of these high principles ; and we have a ciple.
strong presumption that, in other respects, At the corner of the streets you may it does not necessarily blight the soul. Next, meet scores of poor inebriates who have we have seen that the most fruitful sources tried to become temperate men by follow- of truth and wisdom are not books, precious ng your example; but it has plunged them as they are, but experience and observation ; deeper in the wive. The side-walks are and these belong to all conditions. It is daily througed with those who are trying to another important consideration, that almost arise from habitnal intoxication to the mod- all labor demands intellectual activity, and erate use of the intoxicating cup. Alas! it is best carried on by those who invigorate is your example that is hanging out this tan- | their minds; so that the two interests, labor talizing phantom! Will you cheat their and self-culture, are friends to each other. souls with these insidious delusions, that! It is mind, after all, which does the work they may again be moderate drinkers? Will in the
? Will in the world ; so that the more there is of you bind, with wanton hands another stone mind
her stone mind, the more work will be accomplished. to the willing neck of a Sisyphus, to drag A man, in proportion as he is intelligent, him back into the fiery abyss, at each suc- | makes a given force accomplish a greater cessive attempt to rise from its torments? - task, makes skill take the place of muscles, Will you torment a Tantalus with visions land with less labor gives a better product. of the cooling waters of life, with which he
Make men intelligent, and they become may never slake his burning lips? Shall inventive; they find a shorter process that father who has almost strength enough Their knowledge of nature helps them to so face the tempter--shall that husband who turn its laws to account, and to understand bas just recommenced an existence of life the substance on which they work, and and love-shall that son and brother who quickly seize on useful hints, which experihave just been rescued from the lee-shore ofence continually furnishes. It is among intemperance-shall they be dashed back workmen some of the most useful machines into their original ruin by a glance at the have been contrived. Spread education, and wine that sparkles on your tables? When as the history of this and other countries show, there will be no bounds to useful in- finished, to accommodate 50,000 volumes.-Tention.
Ten thousand dollars have been appropri
ated, and the books purchased to take their TELEGRAPH IN EUROPE. place in the new library; aud valuable ad
ditions will be made to the library from time The extension of the telegraph in Europe to time. has been rapid, but the realization of its ben
For the Miscellany. efits by the masses of the people is still al
AMONG STRANGERS. most an upsolved problem, owing to the high rate of the telegraphic tariff. The price
BY J. L. M'CLOUD. of ten words from Liverpool to Paris is 45 franes-nine dollars. On the Continent My soul is sad, I wander for the telegraphs are owned by government,
From kindred, and from home :
No light of loved one's smile is here who having the monopoly of the business
To cheer me while I roam. can easily maintain these high rates. The late National Assembly of France voted a
No mother, sister, brother, friend,
Find I to share my woe, . clause, in granting credits for the establish
As on I, with a bleeding heart, ment of several lines, that the construction
In silent sadness go. of telegraph by private individuals was ag
I pass me by the 8'ranger's door, serious an offence as counterfeiting. Under
And meet with but a stare : these circumstances it is not to be wondered
I gaze; but ah! I gaze in vainat that it is seldom any private individual
No sympathy is there. makes use of the telegraph, and the people
I pass by mortals, and am seen are thus defrauded of the benefits of the
Not as along I tread, greatest invention of the age. It is thus No more then if I walked among that the potentates of Europe prevent the
The rejions of the dead. diffusion of light and knowledge, and secure
I hear the laugh the careless word, the enjoyment of their personal emoluments
As sadly I press on; and powers, at the expense of those over But ah! it is for me to hear
No voice of kindred one. wbom they rule.
How soulless are their words to me!
They care not for my grief,
Of woe without relief.
Is heedless of the rest, new library. There is to be a suite of five
How few the thoughts of sympathy rooms, in all, three hundred and ten feet.
That stir the human breast. There will be two stories of alcoves, the sec
And thus we wander, strangers here, and one receding three feet from the first,
Along times dreary shore, so as to admit of a gallery with but little
Unknown, unknowing, until all projection ; and above the second story of
Our wanderings are o'er. alcores will be a third story, with book
No strangers are in Heaven. Thank God! eases against the walls. The whole interior
A sisterhood of spirits there is to be of iron, and fire-proof, so as to avoid Shall welcome ev'ry soul; whose wing the possibility of another calamitous fire
Shall stir its blissful air ! and is to be finished in a style of great
Kalamazoo Theological Seminary, ?
August, 1852. 3 architectural beauty. The shelves will be of porcelain. The expense will amount to UTTER no falsehood-be true in all things $72,000, and the library is calculated, when! and God will rewad you hereafter.