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It is painful to a man of a generous mind irascible man; he is, indeed, dissatisfied to decline a favour which is offered in the when he does wrong, but not with himself; spirit of kindness. Between the bestower his uneasiness rarkles into resentment against and receiver of a benefit, when they are the person whom he has wronged. equals, there should be a unison of feeling, Cultivate a mild demeanor, the courtesy of that the one may bestow and the other re- civility and benevolence. Offend not the ceive with the sentiment of pleasure.' A lowly, for it is dastardly to hurt the feelings selfish and proud man may be willing of those who dare not resent your behavior; enough to receive a favor, but he is unwil- offend not the good, for it is shameful to proling to acknowledge an obligation. With voke those whose goodness deserves your essuch a person, hold only the common civil- teem and forbearance; offend not the bad, ities of social life.
for, if you rouse their resentment, you will Yield to the innocent humors of a friend likely incur their hatred and ill offices. as far as friendship requires, and propriety permits; gratify the reasonable wishes of a
JEREMY TAYLOR, patron as gratitude enjoins, and self-esteem allows, and your conduct is honorable. But
BY REV, B. ST. J. FRY. comply with their caprices, and minister to their vices by the sacrifice of your indepen-/ ONE unacquainted with the rise and prodence and integrity, and you degrade your gress of our language, would be led to infer character, prove yourself unworthy of friend that the literary genius of the English name ship, and become the slave of a master. was only unfolded in the poetical writings of
Vaste youth in a round of trivial amusé. her sons, who have attained to a fame which ments, and in age, you will be constrain is recognized in all parts of the literary ed by habit to contitrue the same course, even world. And so great is the array of names after pleasure has lost its novelty and its rel- in this department of her literature, revealish. The impulse to mental improvement ing a wealth of talent which has stamped must be received in early life; youth spent the language with immortality, that the in clothful ignorance is an age of intellectual prose writers are scarcely read, even by weakness, without its experience and its those who pretend to a tolerable acquaintvisdom.
ance with her great literary efforts. They Licentious youth is disgraceful age; the would be startled if told that there are licentious exhaust their powers, and are mis- names in this department, also, half forgoterable, or they reform; but what merit is ten, or at least half read, which, in another there in ceasing to sin, when they can sin no day, and with some minds even now, are more. The origin of a virtuous and happy treasured not less than those of Milton, life is derived from early years; whoever Shakspeare, and Pollok." The prose of Milwould reap bappiness in the autumnal matu- ton is only inferior to his poetry, breathing rity of age, must plant virtue in the vernal the same lofty sentiments; Bunyan's works
are more read, but, in the interest of the subAvoid, or treat with distant civility, a per- Iject, few see the pure, lucid style that enson whose dispositions are bad, and whose velops his unfading dream; Baxter, too, manners are offensive, for after he has had an wrote with a strange earnestness and force; opportunity of doing you an injury or of- and we might place side by side with these fence, he will probably pursue you with his a score of names who have given to our rehatred. A good man when he does wrong public of letters a large support. The terse, is dissatisfied with himself, and to remove careful Butler, the nervous South, the elehis uneasiness, he atones for its cause. Not gant Addison, the oceanswell of Robert such is the conduct of an unprincipled and Hall, the heavy army-tramp of Chalmers,
season of youth.
and the simplicity of Wesley have yielded London; and it appears that in his first efus a mass of prose writing-a genuine elo-forts his auditory were astonished at bis quence in all its phases-the true foundation sweet and sublime eloquence, particularly so, of our literary name for coming ages. .. as coming from one so young. The fame of
While numberless volumes of the Para- his eloquence reached the ears of Laud, dise Lost, Shakspeare, Young, and our bet- Archbishop of Canterbury, at whose request ter poetical writers are sown broadcast upon he preached at Lambeth, and through whose the land, the scholar must needs send to the instrumentality Taylor was incorporated mother country for an edition of her prose with Oxford College. Here he remained in writers. He may, indeed, find one or more a settled state, having married, till 1642. In of their most popular works in ever "ibra- the great coutest between Charles and his ry; as the Analogy of Buther. The Pil-parliament, Taylor sided with the King, and grims Progress of Bunyan, the Saint's at his request, published several controverRest of Baxter, and the Holy Living and sial treaties; received the degree of Doctor Holy Dying of Taylor; but their other of Divinity at the King's command. There works, especi lly their sermons,are not read. is much obscurity about his life; but we Some of my readers may say that the taste know that he was with the army, for a of the people does not call for them. We short time, in the capacity of chaplain, was judge, rather, that they have not had an in- taken prisoner, and remamed in prison. In sight of their beauties to have known their 1648 he was again settled, and married the worth. The talents of most of Ihese writers second time, his first wife being dead; and in are devoted to religion or philosophy, and this year he published his popular work, are instructive in the greatest degree. “Holy Living and holy Dying.” Visiting
Among these prose writers none, to those London in 1660, he was appointed Bishop of who are acquaiated with his works, holds a Down and Connor, and, at the close of the higher position than Jeremy Taylor, Bishop same year, a member of the Irish Privy of Down and Connor. Many of our writers Council. He mingled his discourses, in his may surpass him in the fields of logic and new capacity, with such charity that the oppolemies; but that which gives him his position of the Puritanical clergy softened character, and in which he is preeminent, is down, and they learned to love him. His a mild, sweet eloquence, that wins upon the labor of love was continued near seven Teader or hearer like a spell of enchantment years. He died, after ten days? sickness, on His writings have that tenderness and un- the 13th of August, 1667, in the fifty-fifth bounded love that makes the heart to think year of his age.... of home and the tender caresses of mother The English Church has presented but and sister; a garden of living beauty, filled few bishops as worthy of the station as with the choicest flowers-not the glaring Jeremy Taylor, so clothed in deep humility and luxurious splendor of the tropic, but and ceaseless charity. His mind was free the gentler loveliness of the porth; the from bigotry, and his pursuit of truth was violet and the daisy nestled side by side, the with a bold, free spirit, and an acute intelsweet lily rippling the surface of the gentle lect disciplined with extensive learning. stream, and the eglantine yielding up her His literary labors were large, as will be incense to the passing shower.
seen from an enumeratiou of his principal Bishop Taylor was born at Cambridge, works: “Liberty of Prophesying,” “Life of took bis degree of Master of Arts at Caius Christ," "Holy Living and Holy Dying,” College, and in 1633 was admitted to holy "Unum Necessarium," "Ductor Dubitantiordeis, being in his twentieth year of age: um," "The Worthy Communicant," and He commenced bis public preaching shortly "Contemplations on the State of Man." after as lecturer at St. Paul's Cathedral in We may add to these about one hundred
sermons and several works of less impor- lordship and myself have lately seen and tance, which occupied a large share of his felt such sorrows of death, and such sad dem time, written, like many of the works of parturo of dearest friends, that it is more Baxter, for the especial use of his congre- than high time we should think ourselves gations and the instructionof their children, concerned in the accidents, Death hath in whom he took a deep interest.
come so 'near to you as to peck a portion The fame of Taylor, however, is based from your very heart; and now you can not upon his well-known work, in two parts, choose but dig your own grave, and place "Holy Living and Holy Dying:" being, a your coffin in your eye, when the angel series of rules and exercises intended to hath dressed your scene of sorrow and meddeepen and carry on successfully a work of|itation with so particular and so near an grace within the heart, and for which they object; and therefore, as is my duty, I am are admirably calculated. They were com- come to minister to your pious thoughts and posed at the saggestion or desire of Lady to direct your sorrows, that they may turn Carhery, the wife of Richard Vaughen, Earl | into virtues and advantages." Was there of Carbery. Their residence was within the ever a sweeter, more eloquent appeal made bounds of Taylor's parish, and known as to a seathed heart than this? Surely such the Golden Grove. They were his most in- language must have led it to the cross. . telligent friends and patrons; and he showed Both parts of the work are elegant, and his appreciation of their delicate attentions filled with eloquent sympathy and appeals by calling "a manual for children," one of to the heart, but we like the latter the best his minor works, “Golden Grove." | The heart of the Christian does not dread
The work spoken of above was published the tomb, nor the thought of dying, for in separate parts, and dedicated to the Earl. / "love castethout fear.” In the "general Before the publication of the second part-- considerations preparatory to death," there, "Holy Dying"—the Christian soul whose is one passage which, thongh often quoted, piety had proposed it had gone to enjoy her we would repeat again: , rest in the Redeemer's bosom, and Taylor "Nature hath given us one harvest every thus touchingly alludes to it in the dedica- year, but death hath two; and the spring tion;
and the autumn send throngs of men and "My lord, it is your dear lady's anniversa- women to charnel-houses ; and all the ry, and she deserved the biggest honor, and summer long men are recovering from the longest memory, and the fairest monu- 1 their evils of the spring, till the dog-days. ment, and the most solemn mourning; and come, and then the Sirian "star makes the in order to it, give me leave, my lord, to suminer deadly; and the fruits of the au. Dover ber hearse with these following sheets. tumr are laid up for all the year's provision, This book was intended first to minister to and the man that gathers them eats, and surher piety; and she desired all good people feits, ånd dies, and needs them not, and should partake of the advantages which are himself is laid up for eternity; and he that bere recorded: she knew how to live rarely escapes till winter only stays for another opFell, and she desired to know how to die; portunity, which the distêmpers of that and God taught her by an experiment. But quarter minister to them with great variety. sinci Ler work is done, and God supplied Thus death reigns in all the portions of our ber with provisions of his own, before I time. The autumn with its fruits provides would minister to her, and perfect what she disorders for us, and the winter's cold turns desired, it is necessary to present to your them into sharp diseases, and the spring lordship those bundles of cypress, which brings flowers to strew our hearse, and the were intended to dress her closet, but come summer gives green turf and brambles to now to dress her bearse. My lord, both your bind upon our graves."
Listen, ereader, also, to the following ex- with the damps of delusion, when it may cellent paragraph:
as easily breathe of the pure air of heaven! "Some are called at age, at fourteen: some When we thirst, give us not liquid fire, that at one-and-twenty; some, never; but all shall rage and burn within, creating an un. men, late enough; for the life of a man dying thirst. comes upon bim slowly and insensibly. But to our author once more, for we desire But as when the sun approaches toward the to close our article with a small quotation. gates of the inorning, he first opens a little Speaking of burials, he says: Eve of heaven, and sends away the spirits of “Something is to be given to custom, darkness, and gives light to a cock, and song
ck, and something to form, to nature, and to civilities, calls up the lark to matins, and by and by and to the honor of the deceased friends; for gilds the fringes of a cloud, and peeps over that man is esteemed to die miserable for the eastern hills, thrusting out his golden
en whom no friend or relation sheds a tear, or horns, like those which decked the brows of
pays a solemn sigh. I desire to die a dry Moses, when he was forced to wear a veil,
death, but am not desirous to have a dry because himself had seen the face of God;
funerd: some flowers sprinkled upon my and still, while a man tells the story, the sun
grave would do well and comely; and a soft gets up higher, till he shows a fair face and
shower to turn those flowers into a springfull light, and then he shines one whole day,
ing memory or a fair rehearsal, that I may under a cloud often, and sometimes weep
not go forth of my doors as servants carry ing great and little showers, and sets quick- I the entrails of beasts", ly: so is a man's reason and his life."
But did we propose to call the beauties of Taylor out of his works a small volume
. For the Miseellany, would soon be completed, and one, too, we EXTRACTS OF CORRESPONDENCE. think, which would compete with the elegance and eloquence of any other writer, GIRARD COLLEGE.. He wrote for the good of his fellow-men; and his little book, of which we have spo . BY ALBERT PARLIMAN. ken particularly, has done great good to many, and they know how to prize it.- * * * This afternoon was devoted to Such would be the influence of his other visiting Girard College, which with me, works it circulated. Why will religious ranks next in interest, to Independence Hall. persons, or at least those professing so to be,
rat least those professing so to be, Situated as it is, on the Ridge-Road, remove choose the works of novelists, on account of ed from the noise and bustle of the city, it sentiment, when we have mines of such ore, towers far above the surrounding buildings, a thousand times more pure, among Chris- a proud monument to the memory of the tian writers? We hope the day may soon man whose name it bears. The main edicome when we shall be better aequainted fice is said to have been modelled after the with such works, and find a delight in their Parthenon at Anthens, though with what perusal. The soul cannot be satiated upon propriety, I could never imagine. Its archithe flimsy trash which forms the mass of tecture is the light and graceful Corinthian, present reading among young people. No, that of the Parthenon, the heavy and massive not till you can quench its immortal spark. Doric. Its collonade is single--that of the. If the intellect be such a glorious creature Parthenon, double. Its friezes are plain as men say, and as all believe, but depen- and unadorned, while those of the Parthedent upon nurture, why not give it such non, were highly and richly decorated with food as will make it of herculean strength sculpture. But, as it is, it is the ornament and angelie purity? Shall the soul pale of a fine city, and is, by its inhabitants, con
sidered the finest building of its kind, on leads you to the roofm-the crowning glory of the continent
this marble structure. Six thousand tons of A pavement led to its iron entrance-gate, f marble in the roof alone. One little stairwhich being locked, I turned into one of the case of wood leading to the roof, and the Porter's lodges, which are situated at either archings of brick-all else is marble. The side. The occupant called for my ticket, but prospect from the roof is certainly a fine one.. not having provided myself with one, I was the city in the distance, Fairmouut and obliged to pass examination. Finding that Schuylkill water-works,spires, manufactories: I was not a minister, (for they are not ad- and penitentiary walls, furnish a beautiful mitted) a conductor was appointed with variety in the scenery below. In our des permission to pass through the building. scent, we visited the various rooms, were As you approach, you see it in all its symme- shown the Library, Cabinet of curiosities, try and beauty, but until you ascend the busts, statuary, and furniture left by Girard, warble steps to the platform, and stand be. Here also, are kept bundles of shipping-paside those magnificent columns, the cost of pers, his iron safe, and a miniature model of esch in many places would be deemed a the college, all done in marble and kept in a competence, ($14,000,) you can have no glass case; and here too, are shown the old conceptions of its size. Thøn the whole pile, pantaloons of the millionaire, the last he assumes a grandeur and loftiuess seldom ever wore-thread-bare and patched upon equalled. The door-way which admits you the knee with a different color. Judging into the building, would grace the most from this garment, his appearance must princely mansion. In the lofty vestibule, I have been plain even to shabbiness. The stands the statue of Stephen Girard- the rooms on this floor are all lighted from the man who began life as a pedlar, carrying roof. On the second floor, are school-rooms bis Fares in a hand-trunk, the profite of
all furnished with convenient seats and which enabled him to open a small shop,
desks; the thickness of a single plank proand this, in turn, as his fortune increased,
| tects the feet of the pupils from the chilligare place to larger buildings, until among ness of the stone floor. The lower rooms the princely merchants of the City of Penn,
are all large and well ventilated, bụt here be stood at the head-the Shipper; Banker
the designer was at fault. The reverberaand Millionaire.
tions of the lofty ceilings, occasioned by the He stands dressed in plain clothes. his slightest noise or foot fall, rendered it unfit hands crossed before him, and nothing about for school purposes. This, howeyer is remehis appearance indicates either wealth or a
died by interposing cloth or artificial ceiling,, high order of intellect. An iron railing,
which muffiles the sound. keeps all visitors at a proper distance. On
| The pupils all meet in the chapel at five, this floor is the Council Room, the Great P. M., to attend prayers. Across the entire Chapel and Recitation rooms. At either
end of the chapel is an elevated platform, end of the vestibule, is a marble stair-case,
furnished with chairs and settees for the acleading to the upper parts of the building.
*’lcommodation of visitors. In the centre is a To the first landing it is thirty six feet. This
* reading desk where sat the portly President. is supported by columns hewn from a single
On either hand were seated the Faculty., block. Similar, though less in heighth, sup
Upon this platform is also a fine-toned pi- . ported the next two landings. You are then
ano. A hymn was sung, in which all the among the arches which sustain the roof and pu
and pupils joined. The President then read a As you follow their devious and labyrinthiann
thian chapter, and followed by prayer. Findings as far as the eye can penetrate the We next visited the boarding-house-wasgloom, nothing but the most massive mason- first shown the wash-room, where each boy is work appears. A small wooden stair-case furnished with a dish, towel, comb, brush