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de. Its quality has also been tested by ac- tranquility; and for this purpose they mintual experiment, and proved to be excellent. gled in the groups, joined in the dances, and When compounded with oil, it made a very familiarly accosted the women, pressing the fice quality of putty. It has been used by | band of one, taking unwarranted liberties arpenters to chalk their lines, and found to with others; addressing indecent words and answer this purpose much better than chalk, gestures to those mpore distant, until some as it is entirely free from the finty lumps temperately admonished them to depart, ia o cornmoa in chalk, which soon (lestroy the God's name, without insulting the women, lize by cutting it in pieces. The situation and others murmured angrily; but the hotof the land where the mine was discovered, blooded youths raised their voices so fiercely is low and fat.-Green Day Advocate.
that the soldiers said one to another, “These
insolent paterini must be armed that they THE SICILIAN VESPERS.
dare thus to answer,” and replied to them
with the most offensive insults, insisting, HALF a mile from the southern wall of with great insolence, on searching them for the city, on the brink of the ravine of Oreto, arins, and even here and there striking them stands a charch dedicated to the Holy Ghost, with sticks or thongs. Every heart already pracerning which the Latin fathers have not throbbed fiercely on either side, when a failed to record, that on the day on which young woman of singular beauty and of de first stone of it was laid, in the twelfth modest and dignified deportment, appeared tatury; the sun was darkened by an eclipse. with her husband and relations, bending On obe side of it are the precipice and the their steps toward the church. Drouet, a Eter, on the other the pain extending to Frenchman, impelled either by insolence or the city, which in the present day is in licence, approached her as if to examine her great part encumbered with walls and gar- for concealed weapons; seized her and des; while a square inclosure of moderate starched her busom. She fell fainting into Eze, shaded by dusky cypresses, honey. her husband's arms, who, in a voice alınost cornbed with tombs, and adorned with urns cboked with rage, exclaimed, “Death, death an] sepulchral monuments, surrounds the
to the French!" At that moment a youth caarch.
burst from the crowd which had gathered This is now a public cemetery, laid out round them, sprang upon Drouet, disarmed toward the end of the eighteenth century,
and slew him; and probably at the same moand tearfully filled in three weeks by the ment paid the penalty of his own life, leavdire pestilence which devastated Sicily in
ing his name unknown, and the mystery 1837. On the Tuesday, at the hour of ves. forever unsolved, whether it were love for pers, religion and custom crowded this then
the injured woman, the impulse of a generebeerfal plain, carpeted with the flowers of
ous heart, or the more ex Ited flame of paspring, with citizens wending their way
triotism, that prompted him thus to give toward the church. Divided into numer
the signal of deliverance. Noble examples on groups, they walked, sat in clusters. I have a power far beyond that of argument spread the tables, or danced upon the grass; or eloquence to rouse the people--and the and, whether it were a defect or a merit of abject slaves awoke at length from their the Sicilian character, threw off for th mo- | long bondage. “Death, death to the French!” tent, the recollection of their sufferings, they cried; and the cry, say the historians of when the followers of the justiciary sud- the time, re-echoed like the voice of God denly appeared among them, and every bo
through the whole country, and found an soro was thrilled with a shudder of disgust.
answer in every heart. Above the corpse The strangers came, with their usual inso
of Drouet were heaped those of victims lent demeanor, as they said. to maintain / slain on either side; the crowd expanded
itself, closed in, and swayed hither and Even Christian burial was denied them, bu thither in wild confusion; the Sicilians, with pits were afterward dug to receive thei sticks, stones, and knives, rushed with des- despised remains; and tradition still points perate ferocity upon their fully armed oppo-out a column surmounted by an iron cross nents; they sought for them and hunted raised by compassionate piety on one o them down; fearful tragedies were enacted those spots, probably long after the perpe amid the preparations for festivity, and the tration of the deed of vengeance. Tradi. overthrown tables were drenched in blood. tion, moreover, relates that the sound of a The people displayed their strength, and word, like the Shibboleth of the Hebrews, conquered. The struggle was brief, and was the cruel test by which the French great the slaughter of the Sicilians; but of were distinguished in the massacre; and the French there were two hundred--and that, if there were found a suspicious or untwo hundred fell. .
known person, he was compelled, with a Breathless, covered with blood, brandish
dish. sword to his throat, to pronounce the word ing the plundered weapons, and proclainn
ciciri, and the slightest foreign accent was ing the insult and its vengeance, the insur-me si
the signal of his death. Forgetful of their gents rushed toward the tranquil city. - own character, and as if stricken by fate, “Death to the French!” they shouted, and
the gallant warriors of France neither fied, as many as they found were put to the
nor united, nor defended themselves; they
unsheathed their swords, and presented sword. The example, the words, the conta
them to their assailants, imploring, as if in gion of passion, in an instant aroused the
emulation of each other, to be the first to whole people. In the heat of the tumult,
die; of one common soldier only it is recordRoger Mastrangelo, a nobleman, was chosen, or constituted himself their leader. The
ed, that having concealed himself behind a multitude continued to increase; dividing
wainscot, and being dislodged at the sword's into troops they scoured the streets, burst
point, he resolved not to die unavenged, and open doors, searched every nook, every
springing with a wild cry upon the ranks of
| his enemies, slew three of them before he hiding place, and shouting "Death to the
himself perished. The insurgents broke inFrench!” smote them and slew them, while those too distant to strike added to the tu
to the convents of the Minorities and mult by their applause. On the outbreak
Preaching Friars, and slaughtered all the of this sudden uproar the justiciary had ta
monks whom they recognized as Frencb.ken refuge in his strong palace; the next
Even the altars afforded no protection; tears moment it was surrounded by an enraged
and prayers were alike unheeded; neither multitude, crying aloud for his death; they
old men, women, nor infants, were spared: demolished the defences, and rushed furious
the ruthless avengers of the ruthless massa Iy in, but the justiciary escaped them: favor- cre of Agosta swore to root out the seed of ed by the confusion and the closing darkness
cuess the French oppressors throughout the he succeeded, though wounded in the face whole of Sicily; and this vow they cruelly in mounting his horse unobserved, with
red with fulfilled, slaughtering infants at their mothonly two attendants, and fled with all speed. ers' breast, and after thein the mothers Meanwhile the slaughter continued with in
ter continued with in- themselves, nor sparing even pregnant womcreased ferocity, even the darkness of night en, but,with a horrible refinement of cruelty, failed to arrest it, and it was resumed on ripping up the bodies of Sicilian women the morrow more furiously than ever; nor who were with child by French husbands, did it cease at length because the thirst for and dashing against the stones the fruit of vengeance was slaked, but because victims the mingled blood of the oppressed. This were wanting to appease it. Two thousand general massacre of all who spoko the same French perished in this first outbreak.- language, and these heinous acts of cruelty,
bare caused the Sicilian Vespers to be class to aid him but the wonderful spiritual power ed among the most infamous of national of an earnest will — Thomas Wright has crimes. But these fill a vast volume, and in found means, in his little intervals of leis it all nations have inscribed horrors of a ure, to lead back, with a gentle hand, three similar, and sometimes of a blacker dye; hundred convicted criminals to virtue; to nations often more civilized, and in times wipe the blot from their names and the less rude, and not only in the assertion of blight from their prospects; to place them in their liberty or against foreign tyrants, but honest homes, supported by an honest in the delirium, of civil or religious partis- | livelihood. anship, against fellow-citizens, against Fourteen years ago Mr. Wright visited, brothers against innocent and helpless beings, one Sunday, the New Bailey Prison, at whom they destroyed by thousands, sweep- Manchester, and took an interest in what he lag away whole populations. Therefore I saw. He knew that, with the stain of jail do not blush for my country at the remem- upon them, the unhappy prisoners, after rebrance of the vespers, but bewail the dire lease, would seek in vain for occupation; necessity which drove Sicily to such ex- and that society would shut the door of retremities.
formation on them, and compel them, if they
would not starve, to walk on in the ways DILIGENCE IN DOING GOOD.
of crime. The jail-mark branding them as dangerous, men buttoned up their pockets
when they pleaded for a second trial of their Tæomas Wright, of Manchester, is a worn but not a weary man of sixty-three, who
honesty, and left them bolpless. Then,
| Thomas Wright resolved, in his own honest bas for forty-seven years been weekly seryant in a large iron foundry, of which he is
heart, that he would visit in the prisons,
and become a friend to those who had no now the foreman. His daily work begins
helper. at five o'clock in the morning, and closes at The chaplain of the New Bailey, Mr. Bag. six in the evening; for forty-seven years be shawe, recognized in the beginning the true has worked through twelve hours daily, to practical benevolence of the simple-minded support himself and those depending on visitor. On his second visit a convict was him. Those depending on him are not few; pointed out, on whom Mr. Wright might he has had nineteen childreu; and at some test his power. It was certain power. periods there have been grandchildren look | From the vantage-ground of a comparative ing to him for bread. His income never equality of station, he pleaded with his felhas attained two hundred pounds a year.-low workman for the wisdom of a virtuous This is a life of toul. Exeter Hall might and honest life. Heaven does, and Earth plead for him as a man taxed beyond the should, wipe out of account repented evil. standard limit; but he had bread to earn, Words warm from the heart, backed with a and knew that he had need to work for it: deep and contagious sense in the hearer of he did work with great zeal and great effi- the high-minded virtue shown by his comciency, obtaining very high respect and con- panion, were not uttered, like lip-sympathy, fidence from his employers. A man so la- in vain. Then Thomas Wright engaged to boring, and leading in his home an exem- help his friend, to get employment for him; piary, pious life, might be entitled to go to and, if necessary, to be surety with his own bed betimes, and rest in peace between these goods for his honorable conduct. He fula days of industry and natural fatigue. What filled his pledge; and that man has been could a man do, in the little leisure left by ever since, a prosperous laborer, and an upso much unremitting work? Poor as he right member of society. was-toiling as he did, a modest man of So the work began. So earnest, so humhumble origin, with no power in the world I ble; yet, like other earnest, humble efforts, with a blessing of prosperity upon it. In in aid of his good deeds and four hours, this way, during the last fourteen years, and sleep at night, after his bard work, that he .by this inau, working in the leisure of a might screw out of his bed more time for twelve hours' daily toil, hurdreds bave been his devoted labor---these tell their tale upon restored to peace. He has sent husbands the body of the man, who still works daily repentant to their wives; he has restored twelve hours for his family, and six or eight fathers to the fatherless. Without incur hours for his race. He is not sixty-three ring debt, supporting a large family on lit. years old, and working forward on his tle gains, he has contrived to spart out of course, worn, but unwearied. his little; contenting himself with a bare ex. No plaudits have been in his ear, and he istence, that he inight have clothes to give has sought none. Of his labor, the success and bits of money, where they were reo was the reward. Some ladies joined; and quired to reinstate an outcast in society. working quietly, as he dves, in an under
Mr. Wright is a dissenter-free, of course, current of society, after a while, he had from bigotry; for bigotry can never co-exist from them the aid of a small charitable fund, with charity so genuine. Although a dis- to draw upon occasionally, in the interest of serter working spiritually in the prison, be the poor friends for whom he strug zled. never comes into jarring contact with the Prisou Inspectors found him out, and praischuplain. He makes a point of kindlig in ed him in reports. At first there were a his outcast friends a religious fiering; but few words, and a note told of “this benevothat is not sectarian; he speaks only the lar lent individual. Jis simple, unostentatious gest sentiments of Christianity, and asks but earnest and successful labors on behalf only that they attend, once every week, a of discharged prisoners are above all praise." place of worship, leaving them to choose After a few years, the reports vrew in their what church or chapel it may be. And, in enthusiasm, and strung togerber illustrations the chapel he himself attends, wherever bis of the work that has been done so quietly, eye turus, he can see decent families who' Let us quote from this source ove or two exstand by his means there; men whom he amples: has rescued from the vilest courses, kneeling “Five years ago I was," owns a certain modestly beside their children and their G. J., “in the New Bailey, convicted of felwives. Are not these families substantial opy, and sentenced to four months' imprisprayers?'
onment. When I was discharged from Very humbly all this has been done. In prison, I could get no employment. I went behalf of each outcast in turn, Mr. Wright to my old enployer, to ask him to take me has pleaded with his employer, or with oth- again. He said, I need not apply to him, for ers, in a plain, manly way. Many now if he could get me transported he would: so work under himself, in his own place of oc- I could get no work until I met with Mr. cupation; his word and guarantees baving Wright, who got me einployed in a place, been sufficient reco:nmendation. Elsewhere where I remained some time, and have he has, when rebuffeu, persevered from been in employment ever since. I am now place to place, offering and laying down his engaged as a screw-cutter-a business I was own earnings as guarantee; clothing and as obliged to learn-and am earning nineteen sisting the repentant quemployed convict shillings and two-peuce a week. I have a out of his own means, as far as possible; wife and four children, and but for Mr. speaking words, or writing letters, with a Wright, I should have been a lost man." patient zoal, to reconcile to hin his honest Others tell how they were saved by the relatives, or to restore lost friends. Bare timely supplies of Mr. Wrigh!'s muey, sustenance for his own body by day, that which “kept their heads above water" till he might screw out of hinself little funds | they obtained the trust of an employer.
Another, after telling his career, adds: “I tions, must bave their separate times of rest. ann now, consequently, in very comfortable The excitement of oue part must be coincicircunstances; I am more comfortable now dent with a pause in the action of another. than ever I was in my life; I wish every I do not think it possible for mental equilipoor man was as comfortable as I am. Ibrium to be maintained with one idea or am free fro'n tippling and cursing, and one monotonous mode of life. Tbere is a swearing; have peace of mind, and no quar- necessity for men of great intellectual enre'ing at hoine as there used to be. I dare dowments, whose minds are often strained say I was as wickei a man as any in Man- to the utmost, to fall back on other pursuits; chester. I thought if I could once get set- and thus it will always be that one seeks tled under such a gentleman as Mr. Wrigbt, refuge in the pleasures of a quiet country I would not abuse my opportunity, and all life, another in the chase, another in social I expected I have received. I have got Bi-| amusenients. Nay, with all men, even bles, bymn-book, prayer-book, and tracts; those whose lot has been cast in a more and those things I never had in my house lowly condition, whose hard destiny is to since I have been married before. My wife spend their whole lives in pursuit of their is delighted. My boy goes to school, and daily bread, with one train of thought, one my girl also.”
Junvarying course of events, what would be Were the spirit of Mr. Wright diffused come of them if it were not for such a prinmore generally through society, the number ciple as this? Men often say t'at the of fallen men--who, being restored with all | pleasures of religion, and of a Christian due prudence to a generous confidence, faith, are wholly prospective, and to be rea"pould not abuse their opportunity”-lized only in another world, would tell decidedly on the statistics of our In this they make a mistake; for those criminalents and prisons. To lalvor as consolations commence even here, and temMr. Wright has done, must be the preroga: per the birterness of fate. The virtuous lative of few, though all the indolent may note borer, though he may be ground down with by way of spur, how much a man, even like the oppressions of his social condition, is not Thomas Wright, poor, humble, scantily in- without his relief; at the anvil, the loom, or structed, may beget of good out of an earn- even at the bottom of the mine, he is leadest will,
ing a double existence--the miseries of the
body find a contrast in the calm of the soul EFFECTS OF MONOTONY ON
the warfare without is compensated by HEALTH.
the peace within--the dark light of life here
serves only to brighten the gluries of the No man for any length of time can puro prospec
time can pure prospect beyond. Hope is the daughter of sue one procation or one train of thought despair. And thus a kind Providence so without mental injury--nav. I will go furth-over-rules events, that it matters pot in what er, without musunity. The constitution of station he may be-Wealthy or poor, intelthe brain is such that it must have its time lectual or lowly-a refuge is always at hand, of repose. Periodicy is stamped upon it. and the mind worn out with one thing, Nor is it enough that it is awake and in ac- turns to another, and its physical excitement tion by day, and in the silence of night ob- is followed by physical repose.- Arthur's tains rest and repair; that same periodicy | Gazette. which belongs to it as a whole, belongs, too, to all its constituent parts. One portion of Take away the feeling that each man It cagnot be called into incessant activity must depend upon himself, and he relaxes without a permanent injury ensuing. Its his diligence. Every man came into the different regions, devoted to different func- l world to do something,