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failed to do it, but the man of Nazareth and Exhibits the action of age upon age prothe fishermen of Galilee accomplished this gressively. claiming for it a heavenly original.

Presents us the recorded experience of Then again history shows us, even the re- mankind. searches of infidels themselves, being the Gives lesson of instruction to statesmen proof, the Julbilinent of prophecy: Yolncy in regard to civil government and to the Dihas given us striking and most minute con- I vine in regard to Ecclesiastical policy and firmations of the ancient prophecies, and religious truth. Proves to us the divinity of Gibbon too, so that as we travel over the the christian religion and shows us God emruins of places that were once the “glory of ployed in all the "good and ill that chequers kingdoms," and "Queen cities," with the life. Bible in our hands, we seem when reading Had we time and space we would like to prophecy to be reading anticipative history.speak of its liberalizing influence,of its tenThe correspondence of the present condition dency to make us contented with our lot as in contrast with the precedent glory shows Americans. We would like to show how it the inspiration of the penmen who told us represses pride and vain glorying and leads what would transpire, ages before it was from the perishable to that which is perverified, and whose declarations seemed to manent. And how when rightly viewed it cotemporaries like the ravings of folly and prompts us to "act well our part." This insanity. Here God is seen acting as the all world of evanescent glories affords abondwise disposer of men and nations, and by ant fields for the most diligent explorations his providence intervening and interposing We are not confined in our examinations to in the affairs of the race, restraining and the history of the Adamic race. Geology overruling the wickedness of men, and lead- opens up wider fields for investigation in ing them, tho' they mean not so, to accom- the physical departments of creation, and plish his purposes and advance his designs. Natural Science tells us of beasts, birds and Here the most careless can not but see the reptiles in a pre-ædamite earth. But even finger of the Almighty, governing kings and in confining ourself to the past 6000 years kingdoms, prolonging or contracting the duo we have in authentic and written records, ration of Empires, and making the ambition cities with their towers and palaces, courts of one and the avarice of another, and the with their advocates, and temples with their tyranny of a third, and the usurpation of a priests, and popular assemblies with patriots fourth, and the virtues of a fifth all conspire and demagogues, and palaces with their to the accomplishment of desirable results. tyrants passing in review before us, and we

But lest we should weary the patience of see that which has been and that which is.our readers we must forbear any farther en-Profitably may we muse amid the ruins, largement on this subject, we have hardly even the physical ruins of the past with

In begun to tell of the multiplied motives that their mental and moral associations. throng upon us, and the abundant advanta- some instances we can not even find the site ges that flow from the study of the past.

of what covers many a page of descriptive

history. In other cases a few ruins mark It furnishes matter to amuse and interest

where once stood cities filled with the hum

of busy men and women. We sometimes It calls into exercise all our mental and

find, says a traveler--a palace of which moral powers.

nothing remains but the courts and walls, Enables us to do justice to the maligned

sometimes a temple whose perystile is half and the mistakenly lauded.

thrown down, and now a portico or a gallery Furnishes us splendid models of literary or a triumphal arch. Here stands a group excellence and artistic skill.

Tof columns, and there another ranged in


rows of such length as to seem like rows of the lying homage of an external respect.-trees On which side soever we look, the There are but few like Themistocles whose earth is streved with vast stones half buried daughter was courted and sought by two with broken entablatures, damaged capitols, citizens, one of whom bad merit and the disfigured reliefs, effaced sculptures, violated other had money. He preferred the worthy tombs, and altars defiled with mud.” man, saying he had rather she should have a

Oh boy is pride rebuked and glorying man without money rather than money withsilenced, and how emphatic is the lesson out a man, The poet, the painter, the methere read to those whose ambition is bound-aphysician, the scientific man, the true paed by the earths horizon. Thus imitating | triot and philanthropist, the worlds great rethose whose record is seen in the cities, walls

former and regenerator must live and labor hanging gardens, towers and terraces, artifi

contented to be while living, rejected and eial lakes, broad canals, colossal pyramids,

reprobated, reviled and reproached, leaving and giant statuary,that was once the wonder

it to after ages to do justice to their memory. of the world. But now be who would ad

The exceptions to this rule, but prove it true. mire them must trace them in their ruin / It were easy to fill a page with illustrations. and contend with the wild beasts who dvell / They would be the names that stand highamong them, and risk being bitten by the

est as the world's great men. The names scorpion and poisonous reptile who claims

that figure most conspicuously in song and thern for his home. It will be matter of

science, in arts and arms, in inventions and small moment to us a century bence, wheth

whethe discoveries, in promoting peace and plenty, er me move in one circle or another. Were

re in exhibiting piety, patriotism and philankings or priests or politicians, plebeans or thropy. The men whom posterity crownspatricians, whether our heritage was wealth cotemporaries cursed--their fellows canonor poverty, and our place the master or the aded, whom we are called to canonize, and Denial. The question will be not alone. I those whom the fathers slew, the children what work we did but how we did it. Both honor with sepulchres and monumental marwhat and how. Did we live for a purpose? | ble. So is it--the udgment of the world is and that not a selfish and a sordid one, but changed-history records their deeds, and benevolent and enlarged? The man who justice performs for them an apotheosis.-acts on principle-who lives as we were told From the history of the past then let us get To weeks since for posterity.* and seeks our pole star. Live for an object, and let it TEDOVN by endeavoring to reform abuses.-] be a worthy one. Who is content to be abased and abused,

"Be just and fear not, satisfied that posterity will do him justice Let all the ends thou aim'st at, be thy country, be is the man who has read history right. Thy God and Truth.” It has been the fate of al who have lived to good purpose-to be while living thus re

For the Miscellany. viled; but posterity reveres them, and the

“IT IS NOT ALL OF LIFE TO world acknowledges their worth. Present

LIVE?" reward is accorded to the plodding earth grubbing. sand-washing, muck-rake, men who live alone for money, who are mean enough to make it their master-Gold

make it their master_Gold! THERE are in the world dispositions dibeing their God. They have their reward; the rectly opposite ;-good and evil, just and world fatters them while they live and multi- unjust, moral, and depraved. Into such a tudes who despise them at heart, pay them world came a “living soul," a spirit un

conscious of its powers and destiny. It had The substance of this article was delivered as a lecture before the Detroit Young Men's Society,

S a I no habitation, no place of refuge, and i



became unhappy because it did not possess Its desire was not in vair, and the "living a visible form. It beheld a fragrant flower, spirit" became an inmate of a form with lovely and pure, rejoicing in the glorious which the Creator had endowed his children sunbeams, and wished it possessed the same It gazed upon the new world that opened perceivable beauty. Its wish was granted, before it, and for the first time communed and a humble flower gave its perfume to the with those who were gifted far above all breeze. Myriads of insects sported around other terrestrial things. It mingled in the it—the sweet songsters of the grove oft busy scenes of life--frequented the thronggave their joyous notes, and oft the gayed hall and place of merriment in search of plumaged humming-bird came to gather its happiness, and bowed before the idol god sweets. Yet the spirit was dissatified, for of fashion. the pleasure it derived did not equal its no- Ambition next arrested its footsteps, and ble capacities; therefore it sighed for a lit strove by untiring diligence to reach the

A golden hued butterfly rested for a mo-l highest pinnacle of fame, that the world ment on the roseate cup, then expanding its

ding its might call it great. But still, in its hours of wings flew away. The spirit gazed, and de

meditation, it was more unhappy than it had sired, in its sadness, to be as merry and free.

been in previous days. The soul was not

satisfied—its works did not at all equal its Instantly its delicate petals expanded, and and becoming fairy-like wings, it flew light

noble and God-given faculties. It had seen ly onward. Now it settled on the waving)

energy and talent spent in the projection of

o futile plans, and man's greatest powers tufts of grass, then glided on o'er hill and

grossly perverted. dale, till weary it sank to rest with the setting sun. The night breeze swept by! It was weary of life and desired to pass and morning came. Again the beautiful from earth, till a sweet voice was heard, saybutterfly resumed its fruitless wanderings,

ing—“Come unto me all ye that labor and until tired of its unuseful life, it became are heavy laden, and I

are heavy laden, and I will give you rest; disheartened.

take my yoke upon you and learn of me, It had in all its past history on earth, for I am meek and lowly in heart, and ye watched the busy, toiling bee, that went shall find rest to your souls.” Then the forth daily to its labor, and it had perceived spirit knelt in prayer, and as it prayed it the life of the little insect was not spent in grew more fervent, till the soul had tasted idle weariness. The spirit then assumed the and drank deep of a Heavenly Father's more humble form of the bee, and went love. forth to its allotted task. During the long It went forth again to the world purified summer day it toiled to gather the sweet and redeemed. It had found that “it was store, being happy that its life was not pass- not all of life to live”; that life consisted ed in entire unusefulness. Time rolled on, in a harmonious developement of all its caand the heaven-born spirit found that the pacities and conformity to all the laws of object of its mission was not accomplished; its mental and moral nature. that this was not, could not be the end of its MARCH 9th. existence; that to toil for self dil not give scope to all its power.

In its busy task it had seen a form unlike Childuood is like a mirror, catching and all others, which seemed animated by some reflecting images all around it. Remember inner principle like itself, which flower, but that an impious, profane, or vulgar thought, terfly, or bee did not possess. It louged to may operate upon a young heart like a carebe clothed in the symmetry and beauty that less spray of water thrown upon polished belonged to a being endowed with an im- steel staining it with rust that no after efforts mortal mind.

can efface.

For the Miscellany.



BY REV. E. H. PILCHER, A. M. hich hope we have as an anchor to the soul." Paal.

What is civilization? What has been its I Hope an anchor to the soul ?

progress? What cause operates most favorAn earnest of expected rest?

ably to its advancement? And will it guide us from the goni, Up to the mansions of the blest?

The answer to these questions will form Then fear with all its gloomy train,

the body of this article. They are grave Shall never vex my soul again.

questions--questions full of interest to sociBepe is a star, so poets say,

ety. They each have a close connection By far the lorellest of its kind,

with the other, or at least they follow conEmiling in each pellucid ray,

secutively in the order in which I have placIt dings upon the immortal mind,

ed them. In this order I shall endeavor to The brightest spark, the purest gem,

answer them. In the solution of the first of That decks the soul's bright diadem.

the series, it will be well to examine someo When Iersel out of Egypt fled,

what into the circumstances by which we And journeyed by Divine command,

are surrounded, so as to ascertain as far as 'Tis Hope their pilgrim footsteps led, Until they reached the promised land.

possible the designs of our relationship to Bo, voyagers across life's sea.

each other, the physical world and the fu. Repose their trust, sweet Hope, in thee. ture. They who best understand and fulfil But Hope its richest radiance flung

these relations must be recognized as being By night upon old Bethlehem's plains,

most highly civilized. This standard canWhen Angel-roices sweetly sting.

not be applied unless these things themAnd Judah's shepherds beard their strains.

selves are understood. We bear towards "Glory to God, good will to men,"

each other at the same time a dependent and Hope pointed to a Savior then.

an influential relation; so that we form the And is there hope that grief an i

character of others, and are ourselves mould. No more the spirit shall annoy?

ed by them. Tlust hearts she I recognize, and reign And rival in unmingled joy?

This anomalous fact stands out before us la regioas of supertial bliss ,

in every direction. He who thinks himself Too heaveuly for a world like this.

independent and uninfluenced by others, Yes, the deep fountains of the heart,

knows neither himself, nor the laws of asSprung ty affliction's torturing touch,

sociation. Human society is an intricate And sorrow with its keenest smart,

net-work, and though it may be difficult to May bring us anguish overmuch:

trace it out in all its dependencies, yet they Bu: Hope unveils a glorious prize,

exist. Men are imperceptibly moulded in A land of rest abore the skies.

their habits of life and modes of thought Transcendant Star! we fix our eyes

by their associations. This is so plain a On thee, until beyond this life

fact, that it is not necessary to enter into any We meet, where pleasure never dies, Far from this scene of sin and strife.

argumentatiou to establish it. This thought Where Hope is lost in real sight.

is full of practical importance, to those esAnd parted friends shall re-unite.

pecially, who have the formation of the character of the young committed to them.

I use the term character here, in its legitiThose are ever the most ready to do jus- mate sense. It is not to represent what we five to others who feel that the world has may appear to be, but what we are in ourdone justice to them.

selves. The appearance and the reality are not always coincident. But man would have appropriate, full and harmonious developecharacter, if he were entirely secluded from ment of the physical, mental, moral, and human association. Under these circum- cial powers of man. I say social, because stances his character would receive an im- although it is included in the moral, it is press from external nature, and he would be usually separated from it. fierce and terrible, or mild and bland, as! If there exists a defect in either of the he struggled with rough and rugged, or with particulars entering into the definition, we soft and pleasant scenes. Hence arise chief- have but partial civilization. Let this be ly the different characteristics which dis- remembered, as it will be of much use in tinguish the various nations of the globe, determining its progress, as well as the most

Whence came the varieties of the human efficient cause for its promotion. Let us race, if not from this cause? Therefore in not mistake in estimating the necessary har. estimating either the progress or degree of mony, which must exist. Harmony cannot civilization, it cannot be determined by any be estimated unless we understand the reparticular polish of manners, inasmuch as lation of the various parts and the office this would not be a certain, but a movable each is designed to perform. Harmony and standard. What to a Scotchman would be beauty are nearly synonimous terms,and may the height of polish, to the Frenchman be used interchangeably, in this article, as would be perfect boorishness.

they both have reference to the adaptation Brave and high minded men can not be to the purposes designed. That is the most produced amid scenes of luxury and de harmonious, which proceeds on with the greatbauchery. They, whose time is occupied est regularity and the least disturbance, to the with works of fiction, must receive a taint purpose for which it is intended. Beauty from them. Here are two relations that in like manner, is to be estimated from the need to be well understood. We also hold combination of regularity and intimate relation to the future, and as we It was on this principle, that Socrates, who congider that future, so will it have its im- had a very large and uncomely mouth, made press upon us. It is said, with much truth, out that he was more beautiful than Aristothat the people will not rise higher than bulus, who had a small and symmetrical their religion. An important ingredient in one. The mouth, he said, was designed for the religion of mankind, is their view of a two purposes, to wit, as the receptacle of future state. If it is regarded as a state of food, and as the channel to communicate revelry and mirth, or of sport and hunting, words; his being so much larger than the or of purity and sacred joy, so will be their other was better adapted to these ends, and opinions of the highest bliss on earth, and therefore the most beautiful. I do not insist such also, will be their aspirations. upon this as being strictly accurate; but it

In considering this question, we are not answers my present purpose. The harmoni. to inquire first what are men's opinions on ous developement of the powers of the man, this subject, but wbat they ought to be, and is dependent on two causes, organization and having formed the standard of truth, then culture ; and more on the latter than on the to ascertain how nearly, these opinions come former. The crooked may be made straight to it. If we are thoroughly convinced that by proper appliances, and the erect and harour own actions have an impress, which is monious may become distorted, deformed, to be felt in another state for woal or woe, and rendered not only useless, but hurtful, it will make us thoughtful in regard to them, by improper treatment. This holds good but if otherwise, we shall be indifferent. plysically, intellectually, morally, and so Having cleared the way, I will now give a cially. It is the office of civilization, (us

brief answer to the first question-What| ing the term according to the definition is civilization? The answer is this, a clear, I above,) to unfold and draw out harmonious.

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