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cheerful response in my glad nature. These Ohio CADET.--This fine little cold water were companions far moro agreeable to me fellow has appeared upon our table. He than the Bacchus-wade Pegasus, whose looks well and healthy, and it is to be hoped company I bad just left.
he will be cherished by all who love the Much as I enjoyed my present condition, the cause of Temperance. Price 25 cents nature could not endure the unaccustomed per year-Germantown, Ohio. labor, and after a walk of some eight miles, I was glad to be greeted by a friend, and ins Templar's MAGAZINE. This excellent mo. vited to the house of Acton H. Jones, M. has again appeared upon our table. It is a D., in the village of Rochester. My joy was sterling Temperance Magazine. Price, $1,00 increased, as, by this opportune arravgement. I per year-Columbus, Ohio. there was no necessity for my stopping at
For the Monthly Miscellang the Distillery, or any of the three taverns
NIAGARA. which grace this village. The village has a
BY MARVIN MILES. worn appearance, which it will probably continue to present while the rum influence Niagara, when Creation's dawn awoke, continues in the ascendant
And the young carth to glorious being sprung)
When the first song of praise the silence broke, I found the Doctor a real gentleman, and And all the morning stars together sung, a genuine friend of temperance. I hope he Responsive to the heavenly shout which rung, may yet be the apostle to this people, and! When the beholding sons of God rejoiced,
reform . | Thy thunder in the universal song move them to the great work of reform.--|T
That rose on high, loud, sweet and many voiced, Heaven urge hiin to the task, and speed him
Was heard, O flood, 'mıd clouds and rocks and in his labors and efforts to redeem and ren
rainbows poised. ovate Rochester. And may the time soon
And Time, since then a tide of years has rolled, come when every town and city in this great
Bearing away the beautiful and great, Republic shall be saved from the evils of in- Empires hnth ceased, and Earth itself grown old, temperance.
But thou art young, unhushed and rolling yet.
Stiil in thy clouds beneath the radiant morn;
Spanning the abyss, with living colors set,
Thy rainbows shinc, as fadeless and uoshorn,
As when, in Heaven's first light, their radiant tints
were born. Tuis body was formally organized as an
The glory of the sun and fadeless stars, independent association, on the 8th inst.
The ocean, and the everlasting hills, when the following officers were elected That Time, in weakness, never makes or mars, and installed, for the term ending in July Forever in thy changeless aspect dwells, bext:
And fills thy presence with a power that thrills G. W. Patron-John J. Leonard.
A life into the soul unknown til then,
While gazing on thee; and the spirit feels G. V. Patron-William Hulsart.
All that appals without; exists within G. W. Archon-Moses Tyler.
With power transcending for the mero material G. V. Archon-C. C. Robinson. G. Secretary-Theodore P. Robinson.
Tho glorious stars and angels hailed thy birth G. Treasurer-J. R. Nichols.
With heavenly shout and joyful song on high, G. Guide-Warrea Donelson.
And still thy voice, ascending from the cerih; G. Usher-William Candler.
Blonds with the censeless anthem of the sky.
Thy earth-born music with the harmony G. Watchman-E. Dewey.
Of heaven shall mingle, till the hour shall como This Grand Section meets in this city, on When heaven, and earth, and time, and thou shat Wednesday, July 7. Communications to be
When all the saints of God are gathered home, directed to the G. Secretary, at Detroit
And Naturo sinks again, to chaos and to gloom..
The labors of the most renowned Histo- | learning--as they exist under different teachriographers of the world are, by the combin-ers. In some, everything is shallow and el power of steam and printing, brought to superficial, and there is much that ministers almost every man's door. By their produc- to vice and crime; they are bot-beds of intons we live in the past as though we had iquity, where youth is corrupted; wbile been born in the early ages of the world, and others are schools of virtue, sources of life had the fatal prerogative of the Wandering and light to all the intellectual and moral Jer, whose doom propounced, was perpetu- powers--all depending on the controlling al life, till He should come again, whom he spirit or presiding genius of the place, whose teviled and cursed. Launching our shallop throne and scepter, Busby like, will often be on the stream of time, we sail down either supreme. çrick or slow, entering the bays and har The Past will be to us a source of knowbers, exploring every coast, ascending to the ledge aud of virtue, or of vice, according as Purce of every river, navigating every ocean, we give ourselves to one or another class of
and making ourselves familiar with every themes, and to one or another set of guides, 1 people, and clime, and condition, until we and according to the measure of wisdom and
reach the latitude and longitude of our own judgment we ourselves shall exercise in dand-point in the voyage of life. In some scanning with a philosophical eye, what we tepects we are better able to judge of past see and hear. Wisdom and virtue are not than of cotemporary events. We look at the necessary results of study--we may be facts and incidents with their origin and guilty of dropping leaky buckets into welltheir results before us, and from them get filled wells, and drawing nothing up. kessons for the present time, and fore shad- Various are the methods we may pursue, ewing of the future. He who has matricu- and many are the collateral helps that may lated in this school, and prosecuted his cu- be employed, as with caution we read and tielam of study diligently, will be well reflect. There is no more royal road to prepared for graduation with honor, and for this knowledge than there was to Geometry. refulness,
No short-band methods--no labor-saving In calling the history of the past a school, processes by wbich we can be benefitted we have in our mind the remembrance of The first step to bo takea is to y repare or the differences among these seminaries of thoroughly master an already prepared skeleton or outline of the world's history, either respects more important is it that we make ethnographically or chronologically arranged, ourselves acquainted with the authors whose to be filled up at leisure as we have time and works we read their character, the times in facts at command. Assuming the importance which they lived, the circumstances under of certain events, and receiving on trust the which they wrote, their means of information, eras of their occurrence, we locate them up- and thus to gettle the degree of credit to be on the chart, and then reckoning backward given to their testimony, and the weight of from the point we occupy, or forward from regard to be attached to their opinions and the beginning of time, we have the chart inferences. Special qualifications are requidotted with landmarks by which the monot- site to be a good historian--apy man can ony is broken, and with which, by the power chronicle events, can write what the ancients of association, we give definiteness to our call annals—but to write history, in its prop. idea of the time when other events have er acceptation, requires talents of a high ortranspired. Any abridgement of universal der. A celebrated historian of our own history will afford the material for this chart, country, (Prescott,) reviewing the work of though it be but a dry detail of facts and another, (W. Irving,) tells us: dates. It thus has its uses, Lord Bacon to an
"Almost as many qualifications are de. the contrary, notwithstanding, who tells us, me
5. manded for a perfect historian as Cicero stipthat “as for the corruptions and moths of
ulates for a perfect orator. He must be history, which are epitoines, the use of them!
"; strictly impartial, a lover of truth under all deserveth to be banished.” At this early
"? circumstances, and ready to declare it at all stage of the study of the past, the reader is
hazards; he must be deeply conversant with not prepared for the more useful works of
whatever may bring into relief the character the philosophic bistorian—simple facts are of the people he is depicting, not merely with first needed to inform him what has been
their laws, constitution, general resources, and when. In connection with the synchro
ynchro, and all the other more visible parts of the nical arrangement of facts, should be pursued
ould be pursued machinery of government, but with the nicer the topography of their occurrence. This
moral and social relations, the informing will give definiteness and permavency to our spirit which gives life to the whole, but esknowledge of the world, for we shall thus capes the eye of a vulgar observer. Ifhe have determined what has taken place, and has to do with other ages and nations, he when and where. It is this last point that must transport bimself into them, expatriatgives to Gibbon, in his masterly, and yet in ing himself, as it were, from his own, in orsome respects, justly censurable, History of der to get the very form and pressure of the the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, times he is delineating. He must be conmuch of his power to charm and fix the ato scientious in his attentions to geography and tention. He tells us he never thought of chronology, an inaccuracy in which has been studying the history of a people until he fatal to more than one good philosophical hishad mastered all that could be learned of its tory,and mixed up with all these drier details, geographical position, and every one is im- he must display the various powers of the pressed with the accuracy and minuteness novelist or dramatist, throwing his charac. of detail in the local descriptions, 1hat char- ters into lights and shades, disposing his acterize his works.
scenes so as to awaken and maintain an unWith the original sources of historic know. flagging interest, and diffusing over the ledge the general reader cannot be expected whole, that finished style, without which his! to be familiar, though he should be acquain- work will only become a magazine of ma." ted with their relative worth, that he may terials for the more elegant edifices of subse know what dependence to put upon their, quent writers testimony. But besides this, and in some But though it is true that a perfect histo
rian, as Prescott tells us, never did and never | live in the respect and remembrance of Patwill exist, yet there may be approximations riotism and Piety, when their persecutors to it, and while we place our standard high, and villifiers have perished from the recolwe may remember that men are fallible, lections of mankind. and make dne allowance for human infirmis! We want, therefore, to know something of ties. A history will necessarily, to a certain the men who "paint," in order that we may extent, be the counterpart of the historian. know what allowances to make for prejudiThe character of the man, his fitness or un-ces, prepossessions, antipathies, religious bias fitness for his vocation will characterize his and infidel bent of mind. work. Who would expect to find an Eng. Io scarcely any department of knowledge lishman in the days of our own Revolution, are the same rare qualities required as in the writing a correct and reliable account of the Historiographer. He must present the past rise, origin and struggles of the Colonies, or with all the vividness of a present reality. a Hughes a truthful narrative of the Reform" He must give us not only dates and events, ation, or of Protestantism?
but trace them to their causes and results. When we read Voltaire's histories, know. He must scan the motives of the actors in ing the previous character of the man, and the drama of life; and discriminate between the crying abuses of the church in his day, what is true and false—what is hypothetical we are prepared for a violent attack on re- and sure. It requires great flexibility of vealed religion--we expect to see him con- mind to be able to enter into the spirit of founding the abuses of religion with religion every age, and the situation of all classes of itself, and when he brings all his wit and individuals, and truthfully delineate them. It raillery to bear upon things sacred and di- implies a high degree of moral worth to be vine, we are fortified against his sarcasms. free from the biassing influence of corrup80, too, when Gibbon's Decline and Fall of tion, and beyond the temptation of palliatthe Roman Empire is before us, though a ing what is sinful, and beautifying what is work characterized by great discernment, hideous. A man like Voltaire never could profound research, and evidences of untiring be a good historian, for he would prefer be. industry, yet in our study of his life and ing witty and satirical to being just and character, baving witnessed his dissipation truthful. It is not every man of great knowand extravagance, and renunciation of Pro- ledge and strong powers of mind and patient testantism and pretended conversion to the study, that will make a good historian—the Rornan faith, his subsequent pretended requalifications needed are peculiar. Let us conversion to Protestantism, his avowed un- then, when we put ourselves under the pi. belief and infidelity in regard to all religion, lotage of the historian, ascertain his qualifiWe are not surprised at his disingenuous-cations for his work, for it is not every one ness and hostility to Christianity, nor at that knows the snags and sunken reefs, and the grossness and indelicacy he manifests in general outline of the channel, that is capaLatin foot-notes, where is collected enough ble of conducting a bark safely on its perilo that is vile, to pollute Sodom itself. When ous voyage. Hume is before us we are delighted with his! It is further very desirable and important ease, simplicity and refined attic elegance, that we make ourselves somewhat acquainte but knowing him as the defender of the ed with the languages and literature of the bouse of Stuart, we are not surprised to find most celebrated nations of the world, if we sophistry; and knowing his irreligion and would get the full advantage of the study os avowed want of principle, we startle not at the history of the past. By these we may - his statements, nor wonder at his mendacity often trace their origin and mark their pro
and abuse of men who have filled a worthy Igress. Of some nation's but very little is place in the world's history, and who will known of their political history-itis mainly
through their literature that their civil pro- rative history' which is the lowest species of gress is to be traced. India is an example of this kind of writing, and here we would this. Among her literary products we have mark the distinction between this and his no civil and political histories, but we find tory which may be termed philosophical, or in the study of her sacred language, the Save more properly that which alone is history in scrit, the most striking analogies with the its true acceptation. Narrative gives us facts Greek and Latin, the German and Slavic in their updress-merely correct and lively dialects, and thus the ties of kindred that pictures of events, while true history is a connect it with the idioms of Europe, are in combination of events, together with their contestibly established.
rise and results. We might gaze upon the (See an article in the Biblical Repository, mere details of what has been, as children vol. 3, page 709, for proof of this.)
look at pictures, for amusement, and with · It will not, therefore, be labor lost, to give no better result. We might see the passing attention to Philology, in its bearings on his pageant as we look upon a.moving pano• torical research. This is a department of rama, but if we do not pbilosophize upon it, study, however, for the scholar, rather than seeking to trace events to their origin and the general student—this is the field to be consequences, we might as well not know explored by the learned who have taste and what has been, or might as well read fiction time for digging “roots”--thought, by Hudi- and fable, and the tales of Genii and Giants. bras, to flourish best on "barren ground.” Of late a new era has dawned upon the
In the study of the past we njust carry a world, and as history is now being written, spirit of discrimination with us, carefully we have minute details traced as above, we distinguishing between facts and fapcies, have statistics, legislation, progress in the between the authors assertions and argu- arts and sciences, civilization in its march, ments. His inferences, or opinions and judge and the causes of the grandeur and decay of ments, are one thing--his facts, detailed and nations, and thus it becomes as Tyler styles proved, upon which these opinions and judg. it, “Philosophy teaching by example.” ments are founded, are quite another thing. It is high praise to say of a historian as To read, therefore, properly, requires vigi- bas been said of Sallust, by Hanpah More lance, freedom from bias, readiness in detect- “He unfolds the internal principles of acing sophistry, and a power of careful dis- tion, dissects the hearts and miuds of his crimination. The aim of the historian personages, develops complicated circum. should be truth-he is to address our judg- stances, furnishes the clue to trace the laby. ment, our reason, and not our feelings or our rinth of causes and effects, and assigns to fancy. He must not trench on the poet's every incident its proper motive." And yet province.
this is what every historian should do ; this There is much that is miscalled History being done there is no better, no more fruit-works lumbered up with details that ful field in which we can work, or school in might better be left and permitted to perish | which we can gain the most important earthly in oblivion, or given over to the Romancer knowledge. and the Novelist-they may be facts, but We propose now to consider some of the they are of little conscquence, they have no many motives that may influence us to give bearing on the character of the nation or age attention to the study of the past. And in which they occurred.--they are neither first, (for we are not opposed to seeking causes nor effects, or illustrations of the spirit amusement under proper regulations,) it and development of the age and nation.- will afford matter to interest and amuse us. The antiquarian might delight in them, but | Here curiosity can be gratified and the love the philosopher or the practical man can of the marvellous be fully met. Here we make vo use of them. They belong to nar- I have not only the fabulous and false to be