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performed this equestrian feat with thirteen upon by all as a gifted, wonderful, and echorses in less than eleven hours, and was in centric genius, and as a musician of high attime for the concert. From Chili he went to tainments. His compositions for the instruPeru, and gave a concert at Lima, which ments upon which he played, were acknowlproduced the large sum of $5,000.

edged as full of originality and power ; but He then visited the West Indies; from no one; we are very sure, ever dreamed that thence to Vera Cruz, Tampico, and the City William Vincent Wallace would, in a few of Mexico. His success in these cities was years, take his stand among the greatest great, and there can be but little doubt that mental musicians of his age; that he would be realized a vast amount of money. In New quench the inspirations of the great execuOrleans his triumph was more gratifying tant,an

h was more gratifying tant,and stand forth as a crcator of enduring than any triun ph he had yet achieved, for it works ; that he would rise from the chrysawas wrung from a highly critical and most lis of a player, to the full-grown stature of a exacting audience. So great was the er thu.

musician-a creator-a composer! But siasm his performance excited, that the mu

Wallace had dreamed his dream, and went sicians in the orchestra forgot to play, and to

to London, full of high aspirations, and prelaid down their instruments to join in the pared to work in that great mill, where there tumult of applause. From New Orleans he were many workers, and some of whom had journeyed through the States, and his con- won the world's good favor. It was a bold certs were literally a succession of triumphs. push for fortune, for though his name was We remember as well as though it were

well known, there were many who had the but yesterday, and it is now nearly eight

start of him by many years, and there was years ago, being one of a party invited to

no place for him. He had to make a place Col. James L. IIewitt's rooms, over his mu

for himself. And so he went to work. As sic store, dow Wm. Hall & Son's, to meet a a pianist, he took a position at once; but new musical wonder from the South. We there were many good pianists, some of were introduced to a tall, slim, and gentle-them the rage, and piano compositions were manly man, carefully and elegantly dressed. a drug in the market. We have often heard There was high intelligence in his face, but Wallace tell how, on his first arrival in Lonit seemed to lack fire; there was a languor don, he left some of his piano compositions in his air, which made us think that the lux. with C., the publisher of Bond street, and urious indolence of the South had become,as how, on his second visit, they were politely it were, a part of his nature. He seemed handed back to him; how he, on his return half-a-dreaming, and the wild romance of

home, somewhat discomfited, but with an bis life, which spread abroad, linked half-a

ced half an inward consciousness of future greatness, dozen heart-rending love tales with the name marked on the margin of said pieces—"reof our melancholy musician. He played the fused by C., on such a date ;" and how, after piano-his famous Cracovienne was the first the triumphant success of Maritana, he came piece, and it was generally acknowledged

to his lodgings, and gare him twenty guithat he was the greatest pianist that had then

neas for one of the very pieces he had forvisited America. But when he took his vi

merly refused, even as a gift; and how they olin in hand, and exhibited such extraordi- had a hearty laugh at the turn of fortune's pary mastery over the instrument, and such | wheel. --Musical World. impassioned sentiment, we were, one and all, carried away with mingled feelings of astonishment and delight. His success in No man is so truly gneat, whatever other this country, which followed this well-re-titles te eminence he may have, as when, afmembered evening, is familiar to all, and teer taking an errroneous step, he resolves we need not reiterate it. He was looked l to “tread that step baekwaids."

For the Miscellany. THE PLACE OF PRAYER.

Of, their celestial bloom. Is there no tree
In all the grove, to which thou may’st retire
From this ensnaring world, no quiet room,
Where vanity shut out, thou may'st commend
Thee to thy Maker! All the wise, the good,
Who ever lived, have sought the boon.

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Oh! is there a valley, Or any mountain top, or a long cottage, Or prison-house wlich hath not sometime echoed The humble heartfelt prayer! Nay every breeze, That plnys among the flowers hath borne the breath Of faith to the Eterual.

Every voice Of earth-born meiody will soon be hushed, The magic word of love, the silvery tone, Of gentle friendship, but the earnest prayer Of thy poor soul for holiness and peace Is heard in heaven and unforgotten there, Will meet thee, to thy joy with its award, When all the lov'ly things of passing time, And every form of beauty shall lie hidden 'Neath dark oblivion's wave.

Grand Blanc, February 1952.

A GLANCE AT IRISH HISTORY.

Unloose thy sandals and approach with awe, Where'er a soul hath near communion held With its Creator, for 'tis holy ground. It my be 'mid the lofjulptured pile, Beneath the arched and vaulted roof, where light Througla stained and storied window softly gleamsWhen organ tones in deep voluptuous swell, Give prelude sweet to heaven's eternal song, When earth's vain vo aries for a moment hang Upon the lips of eloquence, then turn All undirorced from folly, may be there, Some trembling listener in his inmost soul Cries,“ od be merciful to me a sinner." No outward forin can answer the demand Of his ser conscience, but his spirit-cry Hath pierced the hearens, and so within his heart Life's waters flow and sweet celestial light Shines in its sucred chamber as he looks Through shadows to their substance. it my be in some lonely forest glade, A form is bowed to importune with Heaven. The tall trees rise majesticly around, Half hiding the blue heaven's and the soft stars, Al, all is silent and the trembling leaves Scarce rustle to the passing evening wind, Here pause and wond or for this nameless one, Hath golden tribute for the king of kings, And holds high audience with the deity. He wrestles like a Jacob and behol! Aladder is let down from heaven whereon Angelic forms descend. Peace like a river Flows to his comfort, while his strengthened faith, Beholds the rest he soon,so soon shall enter. Treal lightly in the still and solemn chamber, Wherein a christian dieth, here's the consumination Of all hope, of every forvent prayer His soul hath whispered. May be poverty Balks grim'y there and that wan pallid one Rests no: on down'y pillow, few on earth May minister to his dis ress, nay call It not distress for as the prophet saw Round the beleaguered city, chariots, And men of war for its complete defence So now while from his lips the low faint whisper, In fuinter echo softly dies away. The gloomy mists of time clear up apace, And forms most glorious, scenes all beatific Burst on his raptured vision.

HENRY M. FIELD.

The Irish Confederates and Rebellion.

The Irish claim to be a very ancient peo. ple. How long the island lay uninhabitedat what time man first set foot upon its silent shores--are matters of conjecture.Probably the same Celtic wave, which, at a remote period of time, swept across Europe, and inundated Britain, reached Ireland. But these aborigines of the island were half-naked savages, with long hair and ferocious aspect, and belted with skins. They lived in rude huts, and subsisted on acorns, or by hunting and fishing. Society was in its rudest state. Divided into clans, they acknowledged the sovereignty of petty chiefs. Their religion, like that of the ancient Britons, was that of the Druids.

But the Irish historians are fond of tracing their origin to a more civilized people. The | Phenicians, the maritime adventurers of antiquity—so run their ancient chroniclessailing westward, founded Carthage, and planted other colonies along the coast of

Who is there On all this earth so rich as not to crave Some gem fro:n Heaven, or who too poor To seek unfailing treasure! Go wreath thy brow With Amaranthine flowers, which time nor change Can ever wicher, 200 he grave divest

Africa and in Spain, and from thence cross-chiefs and vassals together embraced the ed to Ireland, the outer limit of the then new religion. known world. Traces of this Asiatic origin Then ruse churches and abbeys in many yet remain in the land. The round towers, a sequestered valley of Ireland. Then were which still stand like solitary columns in her the hill-sides pressed by pious feet. The valleys, were erected at a period beyond the convent bell rang across the vale. Monasreach of history, and are believed to have teries crowned many a hill, which were the been reared for the worship of the sun.-repositories at once of learning and of ChrisThe feastings and cries of the peasantry at tianity. From the sixth to the eighth ceufunerals-the Irish wakeseis a custom tury, Ireland was confessedly in advance of which carries us back directly to the East England in civilization and in piety.

Even thus early, portions of the country | Hither came the great Alfred to obtain that were inhabited by a powerful race. The learning wbich his own kingdom could not Irish trace far back into this period the line

afford. Irish missionaries propagated the of their kings. “Remember," says Ossian, gospel in the surrounding pations. To Ire“the kings of Erip; the stately forms of old. land the Anglo-Saxon king Oswald applied Let not the fallen be forgot, they were

for learned men to teach his people Chrismighty in the field.”

tianity. An Irish monk, Columba, founded

the monastery in the sacred island of Iona, But the island was but partially reclaimed

" "which was once the luminary of the Calee by these bands of adventurers. The country

Ydonia regions, whence savage clans and rore itself was still a wilderness, a wild waste of

"ing barbarians derived the benefits of knowl. lakes and mountains, of bogs and moors.

edge and the blessings of religion.""* The aboriginal savages still roamed through

go The Irish chieftains derived wealth and interminable forests. Bears had their dens

power from the civilization of their people, in rocky caverns. The wolf came down to

and began to assume a rude, barbaric splen. drink of her mountain lakes, and the deer

dor. Lofty castles roge in which the bards slept in his covert unscared by the cry of of Erin, like those of Wales, sung of the the hunter. Wild fowl haunted her inland

| deeds of their ancestors, and the harp was waters, and the eagle sailed along her north

her north | heard in the halls of Tara. ern rocky shores. The island lay in the The Irish still linger with fondness on the solitude of nature.

traditions of ancient days. It is natural for At length came Christianity, the true an imaginative and high-spirited people civilizer of nations. A holy man landed on crushed by our

on crushed by superior power--to try to forget the shores of Ireland. The life of St. Pat

their present wretchedness in the recollection rick is enveloped in some degree of obscuri- of a

im of ancient glory. The Greek and the Italty, and perhaps looms up largo in the twi

ian, fallen, have never forgotten their former light of tradition. Still there seems no rea

dame. In twenty centuries the intense life son to doubt that there was such a man,

an, of the ancient races has not become extinct. who came over the sea in the fifth century,

“Still in their ashes live their wonted fires." and devoted himself to the conversion of the

So the traditional glories of Ireland give a poor islanders. He gathered them in the

charm to her hills and valleys. The songs open fields or under the shade of an aged

of her ancient bards linger on the air, fainter oak, at the sound of a drum,* and preached

and fainter, yet still more sweet, like the to them the gospel. The savages sat at his

sound of bells dying away in the distance.t feet in mute wonder as he related the story of the cross. They werewon by his mildness, Johnson's Tour to the Hebrides. and awed by the sanctity of his life. And

+ Whoever is curious in such matters will find • Neander's History of the Church.

length in Moore's History of Ireland.

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the subject of Irish Antiquities trented at great

The pressure of Asiatic nations upon the filled the Papal chair, hecame Pope under tribes of Eastern and Northern Europe, pre- the title of Adrian IV. Eager to extend his cipitated the barbariays of Scandinavia upon sway over all the British Islands, he issued a the Roman Empire. The same vast migra• commission to Henry II. giving him author. tion of nations forced some of the Germanic (ity to subdue Ireland to the Catholic faith. tribes to the West. The Saxons landed in He was to pay to the Pope the tribute of Englaod, but seem not to have invaded Ire- a penny for each house, and on this sole conland. Not so easily did she escape the visit dition was at liberty to establish himself as of “the rugged Dane." Sheltered behind monarch of that country. England and Scotland, she felt pot the first This fact Catholic and Protestant histoshock of invasion. But the bold sea-kings rians have combined to suppress, though for at length passed the Orkneys, and turned very different reasons. The Catholics did their prows to the south. They sailed by the not like to admit that they had been betray. stormy Hebrides, and found a larger anded by their Holy Father, nor the Protestants more beautiful island. These intrepid navi. I of England that to the gift of their great gators have left their footprints along the enemy they owed their only title to Ireland. coast. Dublin is a Danish city. They re- True, several years after the Pope's commistained their power in Ireland for two hun. I gion, the English wera iny

sion, the English were invited over, as the dred years.

Saxons had been invited into England, to Scarcely were the Danes expelled before aid in settling a civil dispute, which gave ananother invader came, whose hand is still other pretext for invasion. But they brought upon the land. In 1170 the Anglo-Norman the commission of the Pope as their title to first set foot upon these shores.

the land. The army under Strongbow, It is a curious fact that the invasion of which landed in the south of Ireland, was a Ireland was undertaken by the English to band of crusaders, marching under the banextend the authority of the Pope.

ner of religion. So that, when English The primitive churches of Ireland were re- Protestants lament the obstinate adherence markably pure. Remote from the centre of of the Irish to the Church of Rome, they Catholic Christendom, they were little affec- may thank themselves for teaching them the ted by the corruptions of the Church of lesson which they have learned so well. Rome. They cared little for festivals and splendid ceremonies, "only preaching," Why the Irish hate the EnglishIreland a says the venerable Bede, "such works of Conquered Country-No Fusion of Race. charity and piety as they could learn from It is easy to understand the bitterness the prophetical, evangelical and apostolical which exists between the Irish and the Eng. writings." They acknowledged no allegi. | lish. Ireland is a conquered country. To ance to the Pope. Indeed their churches reconcile a nation to new masters several could bardly be called Episcopal, for though generations must elapse. The wounded they had bishops their clergy were all equal pride of a vanquished race can be healed There was a bishop to every parish. But he only by time, and the most conciliating assumed no lordly prerogatives nor splendor. policy. He was poor like the people whom he in- ! But this fact alone does not explain the instructed. This fact may conciliate the re- | long-continued animosity. If Ireland was gards of Protestants towards that unhappy a conquered country, 80 was Scotland; 80 country.

was Wales; so was England herself. But in In 1154, the same year that Henry II. all these instances there was a gradual fue ascended the throne of England, Nicholas sion of races. The victorious invaders Breakspear, the only Englishman that ever gradually melted down into the mass of the nation. Thus the fair-haired daughters of two races as utterly apart, and as deadly the Saxons won the hearts of their Norman hostile, as the Spaniard and the Moor. Had lords; and woman's charms effected what the same barbarous laws been passed in could not have been effected by centuries of Wales and Scotland, to render impossible a wars. Thus in all the invasions of England mixture of the subjugated people with their Ancient Britons, Saxons, Danes, and Nor- masters, the English would have been as mans, ran together, and have made that cordially detested in those countries to this composite race, which is now the noblest in day as they are in Ireland. It was the interthe world.

est of England to make the hereditary diIn Scotland and Wales the English at visions in her mixed people disappear as first encountered the same hostility as in fast as possible, and to fuse the whole popIreland. For hundreds of years the name ulation of the British islands into one nation. of the Saxon was as bitterly hated among . But these laws rendered the line of division the Highlands, and the Welsh mountains, as indelible. They branded the greater part of across the channel. But these were parts the nation as a subjugated people, and cornof one island, and the waves of population pelled the English to stand always in the gradually flowed together. Ireland was a attitude of invaders, clad in mail, and with distinct country, and could be Anglicized arms in their hands. The Irish remained a more slowly. Of a proud race and inflamed distinct people, almost as much as the Jews, with ideas of the ancient glory of his coun- and with the hereditary sense of injustice try, the Celt stood apart from his foreign which marks that stricken race. The Eng. masters. But time heals all wounds. The lish continued aliens in the land, aliens by blood shed in battle sinks into the earth; the blood, by language, and by religion. Thus grass grows green over the slain; and ancient the two races remained apart, the one to feuds and wars at least die out from the cherish an inextinguishable sense of wrong, memory of men. Here time would have and hatred of their oppressors, and the other brought oblivion and reconciliation, if con- a bitterness against the poor people whose tinued oppression and cruelty had not kept spirit of resistance they could not break. the wounds fresh and bleeding. The most In Scotland great social inequalities exiswoful blunder ever committed in the long ted, but the organization of the Highland mis-government of Ireland, was the laws clans gave the serf an interest in the favor early passed prohibiting marriages between of his lord. The clansman felt a pride in the English and native Irish,—even making the success of his chieftain. He followed it an act of high treason. This rendered the him to the war and to the chase, and in reevil incurable. The two races, naturally turn received his powerful protection. Somejealous of each other, were thus forced asun- times he shared his hospitality. The bag. der. The nation was divided into a domi. pipe was heard in the castle grounds, and nant and a servile class; between whom rude Highlanders in their tartans danced on there must be forever jealousy, hatred, and the green sward, and then ate and drank at often civil war.

their chief's expense. These friendly cusHad the Normans, at the period of their toms, which were remnants of feudal times conquest, prohibited marriages with the softened the rigor of the peasant's lot, and Saxons, the same bitterness would have made the relation between him and his subeen entailed upon England. The two perior one of affection. . races would never have coalesced. The ani. But in Ireland the lord and the peasant mosity of slaves to their masters would have were of different races, and had no feelings descended from generation to generation.— in common. The landlord did not deign to The history of England would have been speak to the laborer. The peasant little more than a succession of wars between 'did not dare to address his master. They

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